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I 

LHHDHIIRKS OF 






INDUSTRY W* XlHTtUIGENCE 




TORONTO PUBLIC LIBRARY, 



Reference Department. 



THIS BOOK MUST NOT BETAKEN OUT OF THE ROOM. 







ROBERTSON S 



LANDMARKS TORONTO 



A COLLECTION OF 



HISTORICAL SKETCHES 



OF THE OLD 



TOWN OF YORK 

From 1792 Until 1833 



AND OF 



Toronto From 1834 to 1898 



ALSO 



Nearly Two Hundred Engravings of Old Houses, Familar Faces and 

Historic Places, with Maps and Schedules Connected 

with the Local History of York and Toronto. 



RHPUBLISHSD FROM THE TORONTO "EVENING TELEGRAM." 



TORONTO 

J. ROSS ROBERT5ON, 

1898. 



IBnterod according to Act of the Parliament of Canada in the year one thousand eight hundred 
and sunaty-eigbt, by J. Ross ROBERTSON, at the Department of Agriculture, Ottawa. 



PREFACE. 



The Third Volume of "The Landmarks of Toronto" requires no introduction to the 
reader. A preface of some kind is considered the conventional form in which a publica 
tion may be ushered into life, and, although the Third Volume of The Landmarks of 
Toronto " needs no introduction to the reader, this occasion naturally gives to the pub 
lisher an opportunity of calling attention to the fact that the book is valuable, and unique 
in some regards. 

The first and second volumes of the series have already found favor. Not, perhaps, to 
the full measure of the publisher s desire, but sufficient to prove that there are half a 
thousand readers yet to the fore who treasure the early history of Toronto. 

Perhaps no city in the world, Old London excepted, has had eighteen hundred pages of 
reading matter devoted to its history. Certainly, no books of the kind have ever con 
tained within covers the one thousand engravings of familiar spots in and about the town 
for which John Graves Simcoe, staff in hand, went " a city hunting" over a century ago. 

This third volume contains the history of many landmarks, each chapter being complete 
in itself. The endeavor has been to make every line interesting, and at the same time to 
compile an accurate record for the guidance of those who by birth or residence claim 
Toronto as home. 

The engravings were all made specially for the publication, and are faithful copies of 
originals or reproductions in half-tone. 

In general the landmarks call for no specific mention. Some, however, are worthy of 
particular note. The history of the Cathedral Church of St. James, the first Anglican 
church of the Town of York, in which for a century the Holy Writings have been read, 
must be attractive to every Torontonian. No such collection of facts about the old church 
has ever been given before. In this volume is included an accurate list of ^every baptism 
and marriage in the church from the earliest date of record to 1896, the MSS. of which in 
their original form contain some thousands of written pages. 

This volume, as with those preceding it, is submitted to the reader in hope that some of 
the spare time of life may be pleasurably filled by the perusal of a story which will be 
interesting even in competition with an entertaining novel or a modern newspaper. 

The reading of history, some one has said, commends itself to many as the pleasant occu 
pation of stray half-hours, and, as the mental labor involved in mastering these chapters is 
at the command of all, it follows that the reader, at a very small cost, may herein find 
entertainment that will not only be pleasurable but knowledge-giving. 

This is the third volume of the series. The fourth, with a complete history of each 
church from its foundation, will be issued in the spring of 1899. 

Five hundred copies of this volume have been printed. The price is $2.00. The book 
will not be reprinted. 

J. ROSS ROBERTSON. 



LANDMARKS OF TORONTO. 



CHAPTER I. PACK 

"Changes and Improvements. Yonge 

and Grenviile streets 1 

CHAPTER IL 
Trinity University 4 

CHAPTER III. 
The Gwynne Cottage 13 

CHAPTER IV. 
The Wells Residence, Colonel 

Joseph Wells , 14 

CHAPTER V. 
Yonge street 17 

CHAPTER VI. 
Charles Robertson s Store.. .i 21 

CHAPTER VII. 
Changes in Yonge Street 23 

CHAPTER Vlir. 
Bartholomew Bull s House 26 

CHAPTER IX. 
Provincial Lunatic Asylum 28 

CHAPTER X. 
Knox Collage 31 

CHAPTER XI. 
Ladies School * 01 Old 3 

CHAPTER XI E. 
Two Front (Street Taverns, Eetz s 

and <; Tihe Rsssue" 35 

CHAPTER XII [. 
The Normal School 35 

CHAPTER XIV. 
Turnings Wharf 39 

CHAPTER XV. 
Old EastEnd Houses, near the Don 39 

CHAPTER XVI. 
Judge Richards House 42 

CHAPTER XVH. 
Wellington Street East I8fif> 43 

CHAPTER XVIir. 
Front, Wellington and Church 

1855-5(5 45 

CHAPTER XIX. 
A bit of Front Street 1870 48 

CHAPTER XX. 
Yonge Street, North of King 

1872 50 

CHAPTER XXI. 
The South End of Yonge Street 

1872 52 



CHAPTER XXIL PAOK 

Toronto Street and King Street 

East 18 70 55 

CHAPTER XXIIL. 
Corner of King and Bays Streets 

llJGti 58 

CHAPTER XXIV. 
The Great Corners of the City 

18CO-1860 62 

CHAPTER XXV. 
A Front Street West View, 1800 65 

CHAPTER XXVI. 
Front Street, near Yonge, 1872... 71 

CHAPTER XXVIL. 
A Yonge Street Section, 1856 73 

CHAPTER XXVIH. 
The Market Blosk The City 

Buildings, 1872 j 79 

CHAPTER XXIX. 
S. W. Corner of King and Yonge. 

1838 82 

CIIAPTEil XXX. 
"The Barque Swallow" One of the 

Old Stone Hooker Fleet 85 

CHAPTER XXXI. 
Relics of Years Gone By From 

the Old ourt House 86 

CHAPTER XXXII. 

Poplar Hall, Quesn Street West 87 

CHAPTER XXXIII. 

Lake Ontario, in 1757 88 

CHAPTER XXXIV. 

The Old Fort 90 

CHAPTER XXXV. 
View of York (Toronto) in 1820... 92 

CHAPTER XXXVI. 
About Postal History in Canada 

Since the Sixteenth Century 97 

CHAPTER XXXVII. 
The Canadian Post-office Depart 
ment A Century Ago 99 

CHAPTER XXX VIII. 
The Work of A Century. A Brief 
History of the Post-office De 
partment 102 

CHAPTER XXXIX. 
Canadian Parliaments. Simcoe s 

First Legislature 109 

CHAPTER XL. 
The Old Armoury 112 



CONTENTS. 



CHAPTER XLI. PAGE 

Scarboro s Centennial 115 

CHAPTER XLII. 
The Schooner "Ann Brown" 117 

CHAPTER XLIII. 
A Teraulay Street Cottage 118 

CHAPTER XLIV. 
Toronto Directory, 1837 119 

CHAPTER XLV. 
Directory of 1846-47 173 

CHAPTER XL VI. 

Executions in Toronto 257 

CHAPTER XL VII. 

Brigantine Sea-Gull 270 

CHAPTER XLVril. 
The Shaw Cottage. An Old-time 

Residence 272 

CHAPTER XLIX. 
Old Time Celebrations. When 

George III. was King 273 

CHAPTER L. 

Oundas Street Toll-Gates 274 

CHAPTER LI. 
N. W. Corner King and Yonge 

Streets, 1897 276 

CHAPTER LII. 
An Old Hotel Sword s. Where 

Knox College First Stood 377 

CHAPTER LIH. 
Two Old Newspapers. Copies of 

the York Gazette in 1811-12... 278 

CHAPTER LIV. 

A Yonge Street Block. The Cam 
eron Block, on the West Side 
of Yonge Street, North of 

Queen 282 

CHAPTER LV. 
Crookshank Farm House 285 

CHAPTER LVI. 

When George IV. Was King. The 
Original Proclamation Made at 

York 285 

CHAPTER LVII. 

An Old Resident of York. An In 
teresting Story Covering Nine 
ty Years 288 



CHAPTER LVIII. PAOB 

The Merchants Exchange 290 

CHAPTER LIX. 
The Block Houses 292 

CHAUCER LX. 
The Protestant Orphans Home... 294 

CHAPTER LXI. 

Kearsney House, formerly the 
Proudfoot Residence, on 
. Yonge Street .-..^.. 296 

CHAPTER LXJI. 

I The Don [Mills 297 

CHAPTER LXJII. 

! Tbirty Years Changes. At Ban 
ian s Point 300 

CHAPTER LXIV. 

j The Don Vale Housa. An Old-time 

Hostelry 300 

CHAPTER LXV. 
Two Quaint Cottages at the cor 
ner of King and York Streets 302 
CHAPTER LXVI. 

Ships Built in This Port 803 

CHAPTER LXVII. 

Spadina Avenue 307 

CHAPTER LXVIII. 

The St. George Reservoir 309 

CHAPTER LXIX. 
An East End Hostelry on the 

Kingston Road 310 

CHAPTER LXX. 
Story of the Caroline 812 

CHAPTER LXXI. 
A View in the Days of 183G 315 

CHAPTER LXXII. 
Parliament Houses Since 1792 317 

CHAPTER LXXIIL 
The St. Lawrence Hall. Some 
thing of Those Who Have 
Met or Appeared Therein 822 

CHAPTER LXXIV. 
St. James Cathedral. The his 
tory of the Church from 1803 
to 1808 346 



I LIl, TJST IR-A^TI OIEsTS . 



PAGE 

A View of Spadina avenue, north 
of College street 

A Yonge Street View, West Side, 
Near Corner of College Street, 
18G5 

Trinity College, 1852 

West Front View Trinity College, 
1891 12 

The Gwynne Cottage, Dufferin 
Street 14 

The Wells House, Davenport 
road 16 

Charles Robertson s Store, Built 
1830 22 

Yonge Street, West Side, Rich 
mond to Queen Street, 1890 ... 24 

North-east Corner Yonge and 
Richmond Streets, 1889 25 

Grantham s Yonge Street, 1860 ... 

Spring Mount, Davenport 28 

Provincial Lunatic Asylum, Erect 
ed 184G . 30 

Knox College, as it was in 1895 ... 32 

Pinehurst, Ladies School, John 
Street ...opp. S3 

Mrs. Crombie s House, on George 
Street U 

Betz s Hotel, Esplanade, Foot of 
Simcoe Street 35 

Normal School, St. James Square, 
Gould Street Front. Erected J51 37 

Tinning s Wharf, Foot of York 
Street. Built in 18E6 40 

Captain Sparks Cottage, Broad 
view Avenue 41 

The old Rising Sun Inn, Queen 
Street East ... 42, 

The Richard s House opp. 42 

Imperial Bank, formerly Ex 
change opp. 43 

Wellington Street Ea=t and West 
of Scott Street in 1870 44 

Front and Wellington Street at 
Foot of Church Street, with the 
Coffin Block in the centre. 1870. 47 

The South-east and North-weft 
Corners of Yonge and Front 
Streets in 1872 49 

The East and West Sides of Yonge 
Street, from King South, in 1856- 
72 51 

Yong Street, Ea^-t nn i We~t, from 
Front to Xing, in 1872 54 

King Street, North and South, and 
the South End of Toronto Street, 
In 1872 5(5 



PAOB 

King Street East and West of Bay 
in 1866 CO- 

The South-west and North-west Cor 
ners of King and Yonge Streets 
in 18G6 64 

No. I. Front Street in 1800, from 
Peter to John Street 66 

No. II. Front Street in 1821, from 
Peter Street East to the present 
Windsor Street 68 

The House of John Bsikie, Front 
Street. Stood where Windsor 

Street opens 70 

i Front Street, North Side, from 

Yonge to Scott Streets 1872 72 

The North-West and North-East 
Corners of Yonge and Adelaide 

Streets in 1856 76 

Market B oek, King Street East... 80 
South-West Corner Yonge and 
King Streets Sixty Years Ago 83 

The Baraue Swallow" 85 

Poplar Hill," Residence of the 

Late Richard Harrison 87 

View of Lake Ontario, 1757 opp. 88 

View of York in 182Q opp. 94 

Company Armoury 112 

The Old Armoury, Jarvis Street... 113 

Schooner Ann Brown 117 

Milieu s Coltage, Teraulay Street 119 

The Sea Gull, Built in 18G4 271 

The Shaw Cottage on R oor Street 

West in 1897 272 

Dundas Street Toll House 275 

The Blind Toll Gate" 276 

Suord s Hotel (now Queen s) 1857 277 
The Cameron B.ock, Yonge Street 

1857 28 

An Old Receipt of Alexander 

Woods onp. 284 

The Croo cshank Farm The Ori 
ginal Building 286 

Proclamation of George IV. in 

York opp. 287 

The Merchants Exchange ,.j 291 

The Block House, Sherbourne 

Street, 1849 293 

Protestant Orphans Home, Sulli 
van Street, 1864 i 295 

"Dnn-lonald " (formerly Kearsney 

House), built in 1848 297 

The Old Mills on the D.>n River.. 298 

Hanlan s Po : nt in 1887 :... 299 

Hanlan s Boat-house 301 

Don Vale House, 1843 j 302 

Don Vale House. 1870 orw. 30? 

The Ship City of Toronto at Quebec 303 



VI 1 1 



ILLUSTRATIONS. 



RAGE 

The Launch of the City of Toronto 
1855 301 

Spadina Avenue, between Grange 
Avenue and St. Patrick Street, 
1864 ; 303 

The Reservoir, N.E. Corner St. 
Patrick and Huron Street, 1864 S09 

Spadina Avenue, Four Other 
Views, 18(il opo. 307 and 309 

J. Shaw s Hotel, near Woodbine, 
Kingston Road, Toronto, 1849... 311 

King Street East, North. Side, To 
ronto to Church Street, 18 c 6..opp. 31^ 

The Old Fort, Toronto, 1850 31G 

The Old General Hospital, King 
(Street, N. W. Corner of John, 
as in 1858-59, when occupied 
by the Go/ernment of Canada 317 

Ground Floor Plan or Hospital 
Building with the Offices of the 
Government 319 

Upper Flour Plan, with key 319 

Parliament Buildings, Front St., 
Ground Floor Plan 1856-53 321 

St. Lawrence Hall, Toronto, erect 
ed 1800-51 opp. 322 

Parliament Buildings, Front St., 
Plan of Upper Floors 1856-59 323 

Entrance to the St. Lawrence Hall, 
built in 1850 824 

King Street East and St. Law 
rence Buildings opp. 325 

The Hall, St. Lawrence Building, 



PAGE 

King Street East, north end 
view opp. 326 

The Hall, St. Lawrence Building, 
south end view opp. B28 

Rear View of City Hall, 1349 
opp. 346 

The First Church of St. James 
18P3-1807 j. 348 

Pulpit Sounding Board and Desk, 
now in St. Margaret s, Scarboro , 
Ont f 351 

First Anglican Church, as re-con 
structed 1818 353 

Interior View of First Anglican 
Church after re-construction in 
1818 354 

Exterior of St. James Church, as 
re-built 1831 ^the first cathe 
dral) , 355 

Sectional View of Interim of St. 
James Church, 1831 358 

Ground Plan of St. James Church, 
1831 360 

Gallery Plan of St. James Church, 
1831 361 

The Third St. James Church, and 
second Cathedral, destroyed by 
fire, April, 1841* 365 

The Fourl L ;-t. James Church, and. 
Third Cathedra], l<&G-j3 368 

The Clergy of St. James , 17S8 to 
1898 . opp. 372 



G- :s isr in i 



A. r.\K 

Ackflrmau, Mark 48 

Agricultural Association 1282 

Agricultural Hilt 284 

Agriculture, Board of 79 

Aikens. J. C ill 

Alcock. Henry 109 

Allan, William 8, 9ti 

Alphabetical List. Toronto Inhabit 
ants 183(5-1837 127-143 

Anibre.y, John 11 

American Hotel 71 

Anderson, R. W 62 

"Ann Brown," Sshoonar 117 

Argyle Hotel . 4 

Armour, A. H 65 

Armstrong Foundry 2^ 

Armstrong, W. J 55 

Arnold, Richard 71 

Ashfisld, William 81, 62 

Assembly. HOUSJ of, 1836-1837 163 

B. 

Baby, James 109-11? 

Badgle.y, F 10 

Bagot, Charles, Sir 5-15 

Bailey & Bunting 5.1 

Baldwin House 50 

Baldwin, Robert 110 

Bank, Royal Canadian 7! 

Bay Horse Hotel 78 

Beasley, Richard 109 

Beatty & Oo 55 

Beatty, James 55, 110 

Beaty, James Ill 

Beckett, J. O. & Co 65 

Beikie, John 65-71 

Bennett, George 66 

Berczy, William 17-21 

Bernard s Circus 46 

Bernard, George 46 

Berthon, G. J 6" 

Best, Thomas 78 

Bethuna, A. N 5-1) 

Bethune, Norman 10 

Bethune, R 110 

Betley & Kay 50 

Betley, M 50 

Bettri fge, William 78 

Betz, John 35 

Bilton & Blnkely 77 

Block, Abraham & Thomas 118 

Board of Agriculture 79 

Eoarci of Health, Toronto, 18 7 115 

Body, W. E 1 

Boulton, William Henry 110 

Bostwick, Amos 4 

Boulton, Mrs., "The Grange" 8 

Bourlier, Henry 71 



PAGE 

Bovell, James 9 

Bowes, J. G 55, 110 

Eovvkatt, William 277 

Boyd, John 84 

Boys. A 11 

Brampton, R 4 

Broughali, A. J 13 

Broughall, J. S 13 

Brown, Ann 117 

:rovvn, J mis. Execution of 63 

Brown, George 53, 110 

Crown, P. & Co 50 

Bruyeras, R. H. 91 

Buchanan, Isaac 110 

Ru 1, B 26 

Bu.l, G. A f? 

Buntin, Reid & Co 50 

Burn?, Robert 31 

Eurnside, Alexand r 8 

C. 

Cameron Block -...282-284 

Cameron, JJuncan 803 

Cameron, J.H 10, 110 

Cameron, Miss 10 

Campbell, Rollo. 53 

Campbell, William Sir 3*, 9fi 

Cana:!a Life Building , 63 

Canadian Royal Bank 71 

Canadian Punch 55 

Capreol, F.C 43,111 

Cary, J. F. and G. W 48,75 

Cathedral, St. Jamas 34(5 

Cat .o, John & Co 55 

Caulkina, J. B } 4 

Caulkins & .Sanderson 4 

Caven, Will am 32 

Cawthra House 61 

Cawthra, Joseph 96 

CayJey, E.C 13 

Charn))er.-i, Po ;ert 82 

Chambers, Will am j 82 

Champion, Thomas 9,62 

Chewetr., Surveyor-General 9r> 

Christie, James 258 

Churches, Toronto, 18:6-1847 20t 

City Eu Iclings 79 

City Council, Toronto, 1816-1347... 205 

Clark, A. M 4 

Clark, JJr 4 

Clark, C. J 4 

Clark, William 13 

Clarke, E. F Ill 

Co te & Co 55 

Co:its:worth, E Ill 

Co-.kburn, G. R. R Ill 

Co-fin, N., Colonel 71 

Colernan & C:> 55 

Commercial Buildings 50 

Coaper, William 45 



GENERAL INDEX. 



1 AG E 

Coulter, Robert 203 

Council, Executive, 1837 107 

Council. Legislative, 1837 167 

Cowan Bro,s 74 

Cowan, J. & W. F....I..V, 77 

Cox, G. & J. W 81 

C. P. R. (completed)..,..; 10!> 

Crawford, John , 110, 111 

Crombie, Mrs 34 

Crookshank, George . 8, 65-71, 285 

Custom House. 1835 71 

D. 

Dack & Smith 5D 

Dallas, Angus 65 

Dallas. R. G * 43 

De B^nyon s Execution 258 

Denb.on, F. C Ill 

Dennis Cottage v 59 

Des-Landes, Madame...... 31! 

Dewe, John A 10o 

Dexter, E 257 

Dixoa, Alexander G 

Do:lgson, Shields & Morton 75 

Dominion Telegraph Co 73 

Dominion Parliaments, 1SG7-1896... 112 

Dow & Co 51, 83 

Dredge, Alfred 52 

DuC oursier, Robert 26) 

Duffy, Mr ., 93 

Duggan, John 8 

Dunn, J. H ,..93, 110 

Durand, Charles 4 

E 

Edgar, J. D Ill 

Edwards, William 75 

Ekerlin, B G9, 91 

Elgin, Earl of 38 

Ellis & Co 57 

Elmsl?,y, Chief Juatics 5-13 

EspeHon C9, 94 

Executive Council, 1837 167 



F 

French, CharJps 258 

Finlay, Hugh 103 

Fire Companies, Toronto 1E37, 

184G 125, 200 

Fisher, Alexander ^3 

Fitzgibhon, Charles 61 

Flanniry, M 257 

Fleming, William 26:! 

Forbes, H. L 4-S 

Forbss & Lownsbrough 

Forster, Mrs 

Franklin Benjamin 100 

Eraser, W. H 43 

Fulton, Michie & Co 63 

G 

Gale, A 31 

Galley, E Ill 

Gamble, Clarke 3 ~5 

George III 273, 297 

George IV 273, 28 r i 

Gib!) & Co 

Gillyat. Robinson & Hall 

Gilmor, T. C 55 



PAGE 

Goedike, John 58 

Goodenough, R. A 73, 85 

Gooderham, W 

Gordon, J 

Government Officials, 1?26-18:7...169-170 

Grand, James 61 

Grantham. E. H 

Granville, Earl 106 

Grasett, H. J 6-13, 38 

Green, the Gunmaker 26 

Green, James 92 

Greenland Fishery 

Greenwood, William 264 

Griffin, W. H 106 

Griffiths & Co 45-46, 48 

Gwynne, W. C 13-14 

Gzowski, C. S -39, 59, 285 

H. 

Hagarty, J. H 10 

Hallowell, N 10-1 

Hall, St. Lawrencs. Events in...3i2 340 

Hamilton, Andrew 

Hamilton, John 

Hamilton, Robert 

Hanlan, Edward 00 

Harkness, Joseph 

Harrington, John 57 

Harrison, R. A.. 

Harrison, S. B 

Harvie, Mr Ill 

Haworth, Thomas 

Hay, R 

Helhwell, William G5, 93 

Henderson Bros 52 

i Herchmer, W. M 9 

! Heriot, George 108 

! Heward, F. H 45 

Heward, Stephen 67, 

Hewett, Jostph 80 

Hill, Solomon 109 

Hillier, Ma.;or 95 

Hodder, Dr 8-13 

Hodgins, T -. HI 

Hogan, J. S 202 

Hogg, John 62 

Holcomb, & Henderson 48 

Horns District Agricultural So 
ciety, 187 167 

Home District Savings Bank, 1837. T2 

Hookar, Fridham & Co 40 

Hooper & Co 63 

i HorwooJ, G 71 

Hoskm, R. A. & Co 45 

Hotel, American 71 

Hotel, North American 71 

Hotel, Bay Horse 81 

Hotels, Toronto, 18.77 119 

House of Assembly, 18355-1837 168 

Howard, J. G 28, 61 

Howard, J. Scott :. 28 

Hunter, A. T 311 

Hunter, R. J. & Co 81 

Huntinc-ford, E. W. 13 



"GEXERAL IN 



XI 



I. PAGE 

Incorporation Act, Toronto, 1837 121-124 
Inhabitants, Toronto, I8S6-1837...127-14:> 

Ingles, C. L- 7 

Inglis, Dr 

Inglis, Russell 

Institutions, Toronto, 18 16-18 17.. .208-2 12 

Irving, A. S 63 ; 

Irving, the Artist 92 

Irving, G. C 10 

Irwin, J. D 

J. 

Jackson, James G.; 

Jacques, Alexander 46, 62 

Jacques & Hay I, , 

Jameson, R. S J) 

Janes. S. H 57 

Jarvis, W. B , 110 

Johnston, Robert llfi 

Jones, H. Bedford 1, j | 

Jones, Judge 

Janes, W 13 | 

Jordan & Co 43 | 

Joseph. J. G. & Co 

Jury, Alfred 11! , 

K. 

Kane, Thomas 270 I 

Kehos, M". R 

Kendall, E. K 13 

Kendri jk. John 272 

Kent Bros 2(5 

Kerr, J. K 65 

Kerr. John 111 

Ketchum, Jesse 74 

King. Andrew 31 | 

Knight. William 42 | 

Knox College 31-33 i 

L. 

Lafdlaw, George 4fi 

Lamg, John 22 

Laurie & Co 82 

Leask, Jame:; 20-77 

Legge. Alexander 96 

Legislative Council, 1837 167 

Leslie Bro^ 57 

Lett, Stephen, Rev 9 

Lewis, J. T., Rev 9 

Lewis. Rise, & Co 57 

Lieutenant-Governor and Staff, 

1837 ... 1R7 

Local Taxes, 1826-1837 170 

Lount, W. HI 

Lount and Matthews 57, 259, "1". 

Love, N. C 78 

Lo/ejoy House 61 

Lumley Bros. 4 4 

Lyall, William . . . . 33 

M. 

Mahley Bros 7R 

Macartney, Mis ? 34 

Macaulay, Chisf Justic. 8, R5 

Maciulay Captain 1*0 

Macdonald, E. A Ill 



PAGE 

Macdon i!d. John -43, 75, 111 

Ma^dontilL Alexander 69 

Macdonell, "ishop 69 

Macdouell, W. J. & Co 46 

Mackan.na, M. A 13 

Ma;k,n ix Willi.im Lyon 23, 74, 110 

Maclear & Co 63 

-illy. Mi 4 33 

: plier.:on, Divid 39 

?,Iaddo3k, H. E. 11 

Maitland, Robert 45 

Malone, M. 4 

Mann, Gother 91 

Manning Block 73 

Van-Tiild, Robert 1 

Markland, George * 92, 94 

Marks, Grace 260 

Mechanics Institute 65, 127 

Medi ine, Upy3r Canada School of... 9 

Melville, Henry 10 

Merchants Exchange 291 

Metcalfe, Wilson & Forbes 9 

Metropolitan Hotel 61 

Michael, Georgs * 55 

Murhia, G., & Co 50 

Michie, George 4 

Mi ifcary Staff, 1837 172 

Millen, Robert 118 

Miller & Foulds 46 

Miller, Hugh, & Co 81 

Milloy, N. 71 

Mink, John 61 

Moffat, L t 9 

Molsons Bank 43 

Monro, Georga 98, 110 

Montcalm General GO 

Morgan.. Peter 46 

Morris, John 109 

Morrison. ,T. C., 38 

Morrison, J. & Jl 77 

Moss, T. C Ill 

Mowat, A. Ill 

Murdock, Juh a 258 

Murphy, Joh^i >. 45 

Myers, W. A 62 

Me. , 

McConkey, Thomas 59 

McCrosson, Thomas .. 79 

McCutcheon, James 67 

McDermott, James 259 

McDonald, Alexander fil 

McDonald, Donald 87 

McDonald, J. & W 74 

McDonell, Angus 109 

McFarlane, Walter 31 

McGee, T. D 39 

McGnl, John 67 

McGjil, Peter 57 

McGUlivray. Simoa 95 

McGrath, Charles 11 

McJvenzie, J. G. D 10 

McKenzie, Walter 86 

McLaren, William 32 



GENERAL INDEX. 



McLe-lan, A 11.1 

McMaster Bros 4>3 

NroMastsr, J. S., & Co 48 

McMurrleh, W. B Ill 

McNal. . A. N 5-13 

MttPhai!, Robert 43 

McPherson, R. !>., & Co 55 

N. 

No! 11, Robert 269 

Nelles, R 100 

Newbigging Houss 71 

Newspapers, Toronto, 1S-J7 119 

Niagara Housi 71 

Nickinson. John 59 

Normal School 35-39 

North American Hotel 71 

Nolmaii & Fras3t 57 

O. 

O Dono^huo, J Ill 

O Leary, Joiin 262 

Ontario Bmk 4H 

Osier, E. B Ill 

P. 

Page, Dr 4 

Palmer, E. J 81 

Par.i imentary Buildings and O> 

f icia s 017-322 

Parliaments, Domln on, 18(>7-18:6... 112 

Parry, E. St. John 10 

Patterson, Andsew 31 > 

Patterson & Eeatty G ) 

Patterson, P. & on 57 

Pearcey, Gi bert 26 

Pearson, Mirm::duke 7 > 

Piait, J Ill 

Po-loc t, Wi 1 am. 118 

I?o u ation H .me Counties, 183o, 

18b7 167 

Po u a ion, Toronto, l-3t, 1835, 

18 6 124 

Pos! Family 65 

Posi-Ofie Toronto, 1 ;li7 1 

Po ters Fie d 1C 

Power, M, "B 

Powell, W. D 9> 

Pres on, W. T. R Ill 

Proud oot, Dr 

Proud f opt Residence T9.i 

Provin^ al Lunatic Asylum 8- .!9 

Provincial Parliaments, 1192- 

18 1 Ill 

Provincial Parliaments, 1841 

18 r i7 I l 

Puli!ic O"f ces, Toronto, 1847 i O" 

IVper, G, A 55 

Q. 

Queen s Accession i 7 1 

Cuoon s Ho el :7! 

Queen s O ,n Eifles 114 

Qv> -,>n - s O;vn lliclca, North-west 

O fibers 114 

Queen ; O.vn Riflea, Off .cars Com- 

tuacding 114 



R. PAGE 

Rattray. W. J 75 

Rescue Inn 35, 93 

Revere Hou e 59 

Richard-,, W. B 42 

Richardson, James 115 

Ridout, George 94 

Ridout. G. P 110 

i Ridout. Thomas 109 

Pintoul, William 33 

Rit-.hev. Jaliii 29 

Robertson, Charles 21, 50, 55 

Robertson, J. Ross 50, 111 

Robwtson, John, Son & Co 51 

Robinson, J. B 9, 17, 29, 95, 109, 111 

Robinson Peter 71, 109 

Robson. Thomas 96 

Rogers, Joseph ..,..< 79 

Romaine, C. E ,<..,... 59 

Roome. T. P 4 

Roper- J. C 13 

Ro s, J>hn 94 

Ross, Mitchell & Co 53 

Royal Canadian Bank 

Royal Grenadiers 114 

Royal Grenadiers, North-west Of 
ficers 114 

Royal Grenadiers, Officers Com 
manding 114 

Royal Lyceum > 59 

Russe 1 ! Abbey 96 

PU--V1. P^ter ..... 96 

Ruttan, Oharles ~ i 7 

Ryan Peter Ill 

Ryerson, E 38 

Rykert. Alfred 13 

S. 
Fanson, Alexander 9 

S -fifUlin^, Henry 6-13 

Scarboro , Centonnitl Gathering... 116 

Schnr-ider, G. A 13 

School of Medicine, Upper Canada 9 

RoobK H 38 

Sea Gull," BriTm ina 270 

Seymour. Charles, Mrs.. ..93, 97, 89-2!H) 

f^liaw, Alexander, Captain 28 

Shaw. John 45. 272 

?haw, Samuel 77 

Shaw, Tnrnbull, & Co 45 

S|)pard, Joseph 61, 74 

Sheppard, E. fi 

Sherwood, Henry 110 

Plv-rwood, Justice 95 

hipmnn, T. D 7?, 

S^Jps Built in Toronto 803-308 

c ir!K o>, Mrs 9:i 

Simnson, Ro ;-;- 1 . 26 

Suia 1 !. C. C 9fi 

?rnall, John Ill 

Smith, A. M 1. 78, 111 

Pmith & raulkina * 

fv.nivh. John 

Smith & Keiqh^ey 5<J 

Pmiih, Robert 261 

Syadina Avenue 1-4, 307 



GENERAL INDEX. 



xiii 



PAGK 

Sparks, Captain 

Spent on, John 86 

Spragge, J. G 

Spragge, William 9 

St. Andrew s Society, 1837 127 

St. George s Reservoir 310 

St. George s So::bty, 1837 127 

St. Jaines Cathedral 348-590* 

St. James Cathedral, 188^ 369 

St. James Cathedral, Baptisms 

ia 376-395 

St. James Cathedral, B:irnt 18:J9.. 363 
St. James Cathedral, Burnt 1849.. 365 
St. James Cathedral, Churchwar 
dens of, 18:)7-189;3 372 

St. James Cathedral, Clergy of, 

18D7-J89C 372 

St. James Cathedral, First Pew- 

hoiders 349 

St. James Cathedral, First Pul- 

pil 351 

St. James Cathedral, li-.termcnts 

in 375 

St. James Cathedral, Marriages 

in 395-5% 

St. Jamc-s Cathedral, Rebuilt 1818 353 
St. James Cathedral, Rebuilt 1831 3f4 
St. James Caihsdral, Rebuilt 1830 3(i7 

St Lawrence Hall. Events 322-346 

St. Patrick s Society. 1837 127 

Stanley. Mr Ill 

Staunton, Moses 62 

Stayner, T. A 109 

Steamer Caroline ., 312r314 

Stennett, W (i 

Stewart, J. C 10G 

Stotenberg Bros 257 

Stove 1, Joseph 59 

Strauhan, Bishop 5-13 

Stiaoh;m, J. M 9 

Strangers Burying Ground 12f> 

Strings, Mrs 61 

Streets and Residents, Toronto, 

1836-1837 149-1G7 

Streets arid Residents, Toronto, 

1&46-1847 173-203 

Stuart, G. 9 

Sullivan, John 257 

Suite. Benjamin 88 

Sutherland, David 109 

Sword ; s Hotel 277 

Symonds, H 13 

T. 



Taxes, Local, 1836-1837 

Taylor, Family /., 

Terry, P , 

Thorn, John 

Thompson, T 

Thomson, Archibbald , 

Thomson, David " . 

Thomson, John 

Thomson, Mary ... 

Thorp, Justice 

Tinning, Richard 

Tinning s Wharf 



170 
298 
297 
11"> 
111 
115 
115 

in 

11" 

109 
39 
39 



PAGE 

Toronto Bible Societies, 1837 125 

Toronto Board of Health. 1837 125 

Toronto Board of Trade, 1837 127 

Toronto City Council, 1846-1847.... 205 

Toronto Churches, 1846-1847 204 

Toronto Corporation, 1837 124 

Toronto Directory, Alphabetical, 

1846-1847 215-258 

Toronto Fire Companies, 1827, 

1846 ....125, 205 

Toronto Horticultural Society, 1837 126 

"Toronto Hotel" 53 

Toronto Hotels, 1837 .... 119 

Toronto Incorporation Act, 1837..121, 124 
Toronto Inhabitants, 1336-1837...127-149 
Toronto Institutions, 18 -16-1^47 ....206-212 

Toronto Literary Club, 1837 126 

Toronto Mechanics Association. 

1837 :..*.. 12T 

Toronto Military Staff, 1837 172 

Toronto Newspapers, 1837 119 

Toronto News Room, 1837 126 

Toronto Orphan Asylum, 1837 125 

Toronto Population, 1834, 1835, 

1886 <.. 124 

Toronto Post Office, 1837 120 

Toronto Public Offices. 1847 203 

Toronto Religious Tract Society... 125 

Toronto Royal Exchange 48 

Toronto S. P. C. K 125 

1 oronto Society for Converting 

Indians, 1837 125 

Toronto Stages 125 

Toronto Streets and Residents, 

1836-1837 149-167 

Toronto Streets and Residents, 

1846-1847 173-203, 213 

Toronto Teruper?.nc3 Society, 1837. 126 

Toronto Vessels 303-306 

Travis, John 264 

Trinity University 4 

Trotter, Mrs 89 

Tully, KLvas 9 

Turner Baths 51 

Turner, E 8 

Turner, John Ill 

Turney, William 260 

Tyner, Bros 74 

Tyner, John 74 

TJ 

U. C. C. Cricket Club, 1837 126 

Upper Canada Mi itary Staff, 1 ?! 172 
Upper Canada Religious Tract So 
ciety, 1837 125 

Unper Canada School of Medicine. 9 

Ure, Dr 32 

y 

VanKoughnet, P.*T 9 

W. 

Wakefiskl. William 55 

Wa ker. Divid 52* 

Wallace, John 75 

Walton. Gey :%-. 215 

Walton, Thomas 115 

Wedd. William 6 



xiv 



GENERAL INDEX, 



PAGE 

Weeks, William 109 

Welch, E. A. , 10 

Weller s Stages 46 

Wellington Hotel 46 

Wells, Colonel F 15-17 

Wells Family T4-17 

Wells. Joseph 14-17 

Wheaton & Co 65 

Wheeler, A Ill 

White, William, Colonel 107 

Whittaker, George 10 

Wfokson. John 

Wickson, Prof 4 

Wifkes, Robert 55, 111 

William in 99 



PAGE 

William IV. , 274, 287 

Williams, John 265 

Willis, M 31 

Wilson, A , Ill 

Wilson, Adam, Sir 1, 63 

Wilson, Daniel 82 

Wilson, John 109 

Worrell, J. A 13 

Worrell, J. (R 7 

Worthington, B. M 4 

Wright, A. W. , Ill 

Wyatt, George H 46 

T. 

Tonge Street 17-21 

Young, George P 31 



LANDMARKS OF TORONTO. 



"V O Xj U" HUE IEJ III. 



CHAPTER, I. 
CHANGES AND IMPROVEMENTS. 

padina Avenue as It Was Yonge and Gren- 
vllle Streets Vanished Scenes Some Old- 
time Residents. 

Whep one paes now, along Spadinai 
, venue from Queen street to Bloor street 
there is little or nothing left in the 
buildings on either side of the road to 
call to mind w,hat the now splendidly 
paved ami at night brilliantly illumin 
ated thoroughfare was like only twenty- 
five years since, in 1870. 

Everyone is familiar with the appear 
ance of the north-west corner of College 
street and Spadiua avenue as it is to 
day. Yet there are many thousands of 
Toroutonians who have but the faintest 
idea of what it was like in 1870. WLerte 
handsome houses now are and where 
thriving businesses are conducted stood 
three or four rough-cast cottages, in 
every stage of dilapidation. The fences 
were tumbling down, the stucco was fall 
ing off each house by square yards, the 
Venetian blinds in many cates hung by 
one hinge, and in others were wholly 
missing. One house had quite lost its 
chimneys, and on another they were 
partly blown down. The sidewalks were 
of three fe^t planks, and they, too, in 
many places were sadly in need of repair. 

Nor was this an isolated case by any 
means, though perhaps it was the worst. 
With very few exceptions the houses in 
Spadina avenue, north of Quei ii street, 
were of the commonest order and poorest 
construction, and in every case lacked all 
the conveniences that in 1895 can be 



found in those that are rented for $S 
and $10 a month. 

The picture given ia no fancy one. It 
is not drawn from imagination, aa will 
be seen by the accompanying cut of the 
locality as it was just a quarter of a 
century since. No better evidence caji be 
given of the wonderful progress made by 
the city than comparing Spadina avem. 
as it is now with what it was at the 
period referred to. 

Where tie branch of the Bank of Com 
merce is now was in 1870 a vacant lot ; 
there were four small rough-cast cot 
tages north of the cori.er, the third of 
which is still standing in a very much 
improved condition. The building of tl e 
Y. M. C. A. on Spadina avenue. No. 484, 
occupied the site of tin; first of the four 
cottages, private dwelling houses fill up 
the space occupied by the second, and the 
third is now No. 498. The fourth was 
just on the westerly bend of Spadina 
Crescent, and was pulled down with the 
others about fifteen years since. Robert 
Mansfield, the florist, resided there, aa 
his widow does yet. 

The residence of Sir Adam Wilson, ou 
the north-east corner of Russell street 
and Spadiua avenue, was almost tie 
only other house in the vicinity. 

The laud on which the cottages shown 
in the illustration stood was originally 
a portion of the Baldwin estate. It was 
purchased and the^e cottages erected by 
the late John Smith, a prosperous man 
of business in the city. Many jears since, 
in the "forties," John Smith was in 
partnership in the provision trad* 
with his namesake, the lately 
deceased Alexander Mortimer Smith, 
on the eastern side of 



LANDMARKS OF TORONTO. 



Ktreet, just south of Richmond strset. 
Afterwards he was in business ou the 
south side of Front street, near Church 
street, in the same trade. He was a man 
who was universally respected. He was 



Spadiua avenue in the later "six 
ties," and the same place as it no*^ ap 
pears. It was a new neighbourhood, and 
great changes were naturally to be look 
ed for as time progressed. But the con- 




killed by an accident on the street rail 
way on Church street, near Isabella 
rtreet, where he resided. 

It is ndt so surprising that there should 
fee such a marked contrast between 



trasts presented between the older parts 
of the city then and now are almost as 
great. Take, for instance, the west side 
of Yonge street in 1865, between College 
avenue as it was then, College street as 



LANDMARKS OF TORONTO. 




CO 

X 



~ 



ft 



03 
A 



- 

o 
o 

ft. 
o 




en 



I 



EH 



6 



S5 

o 



LANDMARKS OF TORONTO. 



It is now, and Grcnville street. On 
the last day of December, 1894, 
there were fourteen bouses and shops 
on that portion of the thoroughfare 
numbered from 450 to 470 there being 
in addition 450 1-2, 452 1-2, and 454 1-2. 
There was in 1865 no street railway, 
no electric lighting, no asphalted roads 
or sidewalks, the former was of macadam, 
the latter of planks, not in the best of 
repair at most times, but it must be said 
in justice to the former, that it was al 
ways, excepting just when the Irost was 
breaking up, in excellent condition, as far 
north as Bloor street, fairly level and 
during the summer well watered. Of 
course, it was very dusty, but not nearly 
o bad as other portions of the city s thor 
oughfares. 

Where now exists a long row of excel 
lent stores and houses was one .single, 
substantial brick house, No. 432, owned 
and occupied by J. B. Caulkins, of the 
firm of Smith & Caulkins, brush and broom 
manufacturers, the manufactory itself be 
ing No. 434. As will be seen. from the il 
lustration, the whole place had a coun 
try aspect, though the iirm did a very 
extensive business. Later the firm be 
came Caulkins & Sanderson, but as late 
as 1870 no additions had been made to 
the buildings between the two streets, Col 
lege and Grenville on Yonge s western side. 
The land upon which Mr. Caulkins house 
was erected formerly belonged to James 
Macaulay. At his death it was sold to 
Dr. Clark, of Yonge street, father of Capt. 
C. J. Clark, 100th Regiment, and of Al lis 
ter M. Clark, who built the house which 
la sold sJmoflt as soon as he had put it 
up, to J. B. Caulkuw. 

To proceed further north, still on the 
western side of Yonge street, between 
Grenville and Grosvenor streets, was the 
small dairy farm of William Forbes. He 
had several cows, and pastured them in a 
field, certainly of no very extensive di 
mension*?, close to his house. There were 
no other occupiers between Grenville and 
the next street, Grosveuor, excepting 
Forbes. When the latter street was pass 
ed came the Victoria Hotel, kept by one 
Robert Haoicock ; then came Dr. Page s 
eurgery and residence, and the premises 
occupied by an all but forgotten worthy, 
T. F. Roome, the organ builder. Passing 
Breadalbane street, at No. 504, lived Mar 
tin Malone, the well-known mail officer, 
and, with the exception of his house, all 
waa waste or garden ground until St. 
Alban s street was reached. Three well- 
known men were among the occupants of 
that eide of the street ; they were B. 
Woodaworth, who had an extensive lumber 
yard on the north-west corner of St. Alban 
and Yonge streets; Charles Durand, who 
lived at 538, and who practiced and 



still practices (1895) as a barrister; and 
John Wickson, one of the same family fa 
Processor Wicksou, some time head mas 
ter of Toronto Grammar school, and who 
now, though long past the "three score 
years and ten " of the Psalmist, is hale, 
hearty and actively engaged in philan 
thropic work in London, Eng. Passing 
St. Joseph, between that and St. Cle 
ments street, were some half dozen resi 
dences of a very second-rate descript- 
tiou. The latter street is now known 
as Irwin avenue, and it was all vacant 
land from there, to Albaoiy, now called 
St. Mary s street. Czar street did r.ot 
exist then. The houses between Albany 
and Bloor streets were for the most part 
occupied by small trades people, thoug h. 
the residences of Amos Bostwick, No. 
642, and that of the wholesale clothiers, 
the Lumleys, Edward, Benjamin and 
Morris, next door, were of a mora 
pretentious character. On the south 
west corner of Bloor and Youge 
streets was Robert Bratinpton, the drug 
gist and grocer. His store waa a favour 
ite resort of many of the old-time resi 
dents in Yorkville, as Bramiptou could 
not only tell a very good story, but 
also enjoyed listening to one. 

Returning to College avenue, on the 
eastern side of Yonge street, on the south 
east corner of Yonge and Gloucester 
streets, No. 547, was Mr. George Michie w 
substantial residence, still standing. 
South of it was James Stitts, and 001 
the corner of Wellesley street lived Mr. 
Robert Cassels, cashier of the Bank of 
Upper Canada. Mr. B. M. Worthington 
occupied rooms at 483 Youge street. Ho 
was principal of what was then known 
(1863-64) as the Commercial College. 
Reaching Carlton street, opposite the 
point from which we started, several 
small houses and shops were passed, none 
of any importance, nor do any of those 
who resided there call for special notice 
in this retrospective sketch of Yongo 
street from College avenue to Yorkville 
tkirty years ago. 

CHAPTER II. 

TRINITYJJNJVERSITY. 

Its Rise and Progress The First Provost 
and Professors The Early Governing Body 

-The Benefactor?. 

Of the many educational establishment* 
and institutions which are happily now 
Scattered throughout the length an i 
breadth of the Dominion, and not a few 
of which have their home in Toronto, 
there are none which have been so closely 
interwoven with tte political history of 
vhe country anrJ with the careers of soma 



LANDMARKS OF TORONTO. 



of its statesmen than Toronto Univer- 
fity and that also of Trinity. 

To give even the most condensed his 
tory of Trinity University -without re 
ferring to King s College, now known as 
Toronto University, or more popularly 
as the Varsity, would be impossible. So 
it -will be necessary to go back for many 
years to a period of which there are 
now few, if any, survivors, and show 
how from the events which led to the 
abolition ol King s Colleg -, Trinity Uni 
versity came to be established. 

So far back as 1797, almost a century 
feince, the Legislative Council and Housy 
of Assembly of Upper Canada petitioue-d 
King George III. that "His Majesty would 
be graciously pleased to direct his Gov 
ernment in this province (Upper Canada) 
if appropriate a certain portion of the 
waste lands o c the Crown as a fund for 
the establishment and support of a re 
spectable Grammar school in each district 
thereof, and also of a College or Univer 
sity for the instruction of youth in the 
different branches of liberal knowledge." 
To this petition the Duke of Portland, 
who was then acting as Secretary of 
State for the Colonies, on November 4th, 
1797, thus replied in a despatch ad- 
dreamed to President Russell : 

" His Majesty * * * has condescended 
to express his most gracious intention 
to comply with the wishes of the Legis 
lature of his Province of Upper Canada 
in euch manner as shall be judged to be 
most effectual." 

Nothing further was done until a year 
later, when President Russell, on Novem 
ber 6th, 1798, addressed a circular to 
the Executive Council and judges of 
Upper Canada asking them for their opin 
ion as to the best means to be adopted 
so that some of the waste Crown lauds 
might " be appropriated and rendered 
productive towards the formation of a 
fund for the establishment of free gram 
mar schools in those districts iu which 
they are called for." 

The report made by the Council and 
judges was a very lengthy one, and was 
signed by Chief Justice Elmsley, for him 
self and his colleagues. Its first recom 
mendation was as follows : 

That an appropriation of 500,000 
acres, or ten townships, after deducting 
the Crown and clergy sevenths, will be a 
sufficient fund for the establishment and 
maintenance of the Royal foundation of 
four Grammar Schools and an University 
in the Province of Upper Canada." 

The report stated that in the judgment 
of its compilers 180 provincial currency, 
or $720, would be a sufficient annual 
allowance, and that " the provision for 
the establishment and maintenance of 
the University should be at least equal 



to that of four schools taken together." 
Very shortly after this date, December, 
1798, the District Grammar schools came 
into existence, but not until March 15th, 
1828, was the Royal charter granted 
which, among other things, set forth : 

" That there shall be established at or 
near our town of York, in our said Pro 
vince of Upper Canada, from this time 
one college, with the style and privileges 
of an University, as hereinafter directed, 
for the education and instruction of 
youth and students in arts and faculties, 
to continue for ever to be called King s 
College." 

The charter further set forth that the 
president of the college " shall be," note, 
! not may be, " a clergyman in holy orders 
of the Church of England." Further, it 
appointed the tiieu Archdeacon of Yo:k, 
Dr. 3ohu Strachan, the first president, 
and it enacted that the archdeacon of 
York should always be ex-officio presi 
dent of the college. 

The governing body was to be called 
the "College Council." It was to consist 
of the chancellor, the president and seven 
of the professors. These were all com- 
i polled to be member.-! of the Anglican 
church, and the charter especially set 
forth, should "previously to their admis 
sion into the said College Council, eeven- 
ally siga and subesribe the Thirty-nine 
Articles of Religion, as declared and eet 
forth iu the Book of Common Prayer." 

More than the foregoing, though, waa 
enacted, for if there were not professors 
enough to make up the requisite seven 
who were members of the Church of Eng 
land, the Chancellor had the power to 
appoint outside re who had graduated at 
the University to the vacancies in the 
Council. 

No test was required from matriculants 
who only pursued an arts course. They 
could take their degrees entirely unfet 
tered; but divinity students were sub 
ject to th > same regulations as then ob 
tained in the University of Oxford, which 
were religi nn t sls of the most stringent 
order in regard to the Church of England. 

To all intents and purposes the first 
Upper Canadian University, King s Col 
lege, was to be an Anglican institution, 
maintained by public money. 

Very great dissatisfaction was soon 
manifested throughout the province when 
the provisions of the charter became 
known, and despite the fact that the 
then Lieutenant-Governor, Sir Peregrine 
Maitland, had formed the College Council 
as soon as he received the charter, no 
commencement of work had been at 
tempted. 

In 1836 the opponents of the proposed 
college had be>n able to bring such pres 
sure to bear upon both the Colonial and 



LANDMARKS OF TORONTO. 



Home Governments that an act was paaaed 
in the Imperial Parliament making cer 
tain alterations and amendments in the 
charter of the university. These were cer 
tainly not in the interest of the Anglican 
body, tut, on the other hand, they were 
not in the interest of any other religious 
denomination; while they absolutely de 
barred either Unitarians or Jews from be 
ing professors in or members of the gov|- 
eruing body of the college Dr. Strachau 
was to retain office as president during 
his lie, and his successor was to be apt- 
pointed by the Crown. 

In due time King s College was opened, 
the corner stone being laid with great 
ceremony by Sir Charles Bagot, the Gov 
ernor-General of Canada, on St. George s 
Day, 1842. The work o! the college began 
June 8th, 1843, and SODU began to exer 
cise through its scholars an iui lueuce for 
good among the people o: the province. 
Among the first of its undergraduates 
were : Walter Steunett, afterwards the 
fourth principal of Upper Canada Col 
lege; William Wedd, for forty years one 
of the classical masters at the same in 
stitution; and Alexander Dixoii, now Angli 
can rector of St. George s church, Guelph, 
and alio an honorary olfkial of Trinity 
College. 

What has been written will clearly 
ehow the state of affairs regarding 
King s College up to 1842. Just prior to 
the laying of the corner stone of the 
university, the Reverends A. N. Bethune, 
H. J. Grasett and Henry Scadding, chap 
lains to Dr. Strachan, Bishop of To 
ronto, met together for the purpose of 
devising a scheme by which the stu 
dents in Divinity in ths diocese of To 
ronto, which meant the whole of Upper 
Canada, could be brought under a sys 
tematic course of instruction in theo 
logy before they werj admitted into 
holy orders,. This meeting was the result 
of the dissatisfaction felt by Anglicans 
at the Royal Charter given to Kiug .i 
College being interfered with, and it 
was also evidence of the fear they felt, 
that further changes still less in the 
interest of ths Anglican body might be 
brought about. 

The three clergymen who have been 
named deliberated carefully, as any one 
who ever had any acquaintance with 
either of them will know they were like 
ly to do. It is hard even to fmagiue any 
one of the three acting without the 
greatest deliberation at all times, and 
the result of their deliberations was a 
recommendation from them that it would 
be in the interest of the Anglican body 
to establish a theological college in the 
diocese. The Church of England clergy 
and laity in Upper Canada found that 
they could not hare a State aided sec 



tarian university governed by men All 
of whom were compelled to be Anglicans, 
and though Bishop Strachan was still 
president of King s College, the most 
far-seeing and sagacious men amongst 
the Anglicans felt that the day was not 
far distant when the last vestige of de- 
nosninationalism would be swept out of 
King s College. Amongst those who 
thought thus was Bishop Strachan, and 
while he was prepared to fight to the 
bitter end for all that he thought worth 
fighting for as a Churchman in the con 
trol of King s College, ha was prepared 
for the worst, and was determined that 
when the remnant of Anglican influence 
vanished from King s College, the former 
body must have a university of its own, 
controlled fay aud in the interest of that 
church. 

Once having made up his mind on any 
subject Dr. Strachan was not slow to 
act. The three clergymen named had held 
their meeting in October, 1841, and on 
November 27th, in the same year, the 
following notice appeared in the Church, 
a newspaper published in the interest of 
the Anglican body. 

The Lord Bishop of Toronto has been 
pleased to appoint the Rev. A. N. Bethune 
rector of Cobcurg and one of his Lordship s 
chaplains, to be professor of theology in 
this diocese. Candidates for Holy Or 
ders will in future be expected to place 
themselves under the Instructions of the 
professor for the purpose of passing 
through a prescribe^ course of theological 
study, but they must previously pass an 
examination before one of the Bishop s 
chaplains to ascertain their competency 
to enter with advantage on the appointed 
line of reading. At the end of the course 
such students as are approved by the 
professor, and can produce the necessary 
testimonials will be permitted to present 
themselves as candidates for ordination." 

This was p radically the birth of the 
theological department of Trinity Univer 
sity, though that institution itself was 
not actually called into existence until 
some nine years later. No blame is 
sought to be attached to Dr. Strachan for 
doia^ what he considered his best for the 
Anglican church. He had hoped to se 
cure and thought he had secured, King s 
College in that body s interest, and waa 
disappointed. He foresaw that ere long 
that college would be no longer in any 
.sense a religious* training school, and like 
the statesman he was, he prepared to put 
himself in a position to meet the evil day 
when it arrived. 

Dr. Bethune commenced his lectures at 
Cobourg on January 10th, 1842, and there 
were seven students in the first term, 
which number was increased to seventeen 
before the end of the year. The course 



LANDMARKS OF TORONTO. 



was a classical and theological cue and 
lasted three years. There was of cours- 
no endowment to work with, the income 
being made up from the fees of the pupils 
and by a grant of 100 sterling from 
the Society for the Propagation of the 
Gospel iu England. During the existence 
of this school until it was merged with 
Trinity University in 1851, forty-five stu 
dents availed themselves of the opportun 
ities for study it afforded them. Amongst 
them, were the following well-known men : 
Revs. C. L. Ingles, whose sou is now rec 
tor o. St. Mark s, Parkdale ; Canon Logan ; 
J. G. D. McKenzie, formerly of Yorkville ; 
James Mockrid^e ; J. B. Worrell, now oi ; 
Oak vi ile ; Charles Ruttan, the first rec 
tor of St. George s, Toronto, now of 
Norway, and the well-known antiquar 
ian, G. A. Bull, of St. Catharines. 

King s College pursued its career, but 
it was greatly opposed by many of the 
politicians in the province, and in the 
year 1849 the end came. By an act passed 
by the Provincial Legislature on May 
30th, 1849, remodelling the university, 
under the style, no longer of King s Col 
lege, but of Toronto University, it was 
enacted, by clause xii.: " That there shall 
be no Faculty of Divinity in the said Uni 
versity, nor shall there be any Professor 
ship, Lectureship or Teachership of Divin 
ity in the same." 

The re-modelled University was to be 
an. absolutely secular institution, so it 
became and so it has remained ever since. 

The new act came into operation on 
January 1st, 1850, and then Dr. Straehan 
ielt the time for decisive measures had 
arrived. King s College as a divinity 
school, even if a poor one, was a thing 
of the past, and he must take steps to 
supply the deficiency created. The Bishop 
at once issued a letter to Anglicans 
throughout the province, in which, after 
lamenting the extinction of King s Col 
lege "as a Christian Institution," he 
asked : 

" Deprived of her University, what is 
the Church to do ? She hae now no semi 
nary in which to give a liberal edu 
cation to her youth. What is enjoyed 
by all the other large denominations in 
the province is denied >to her." The Bis 
hop then proceeded to dwell on the im 
portance of religious education, and told 
his readers that " it was surely the 
duty as well as the privilege, of every 
churchman in the diocese, to assist as 
far as he is able in supplying the want 
which the church now feels in the destruc 
tion of her University, and which, if not 
supplied, will in a short time arrest the 
happy progress she is making through 
all parts of the country." He then pro 
ceeded in the most emphatic language 
to sketch out what he believed was re 



quired. " The church ought to do no 
thing by halves," wrote the Bishop, add 
ing, " Her University must comprise an 
entire system of education, based on re 
ligion." Proceeding, he gave a descrip 
tion of what he considered the proposed 
new University should be, and announced 
his intention of proceeding to England 
to obtain help and additional contribu 
tions to those already promised in fur 
therance of the project. There is a touch 
of true pathos in the concluding words of 
the Bishop s letter, reading thus : 

" I shall have completed my seveaty- 
sccond year before I can reach London, 
of which more than fifty years have been 
spent in Upper Canada, and one of my 
chief objects during all that time, was 
to bring King s College into active oper 
ation ; and now after more than six year* 
of increasing prosperity to see it destroy 
ed * * is a calamity not easy to bear. 

" I shall not restt satisfied till I have 
laboured to the utmost to restore the 
college under a holier and more perfect 
form. The result is with a Higher Power, 
and I may still be doomed to disappoint 
ment ; but it is God s work, and I feel 
confident that it will be restored, al 
though I may ncrt be the happy instru 
ment or live to behold it. 

" Having done all in my power, I shall 
acquiesce submissively to the result, 
whatever it may be ; and I shall then 
and not till then, consider my mission on 
this behalf ended." 

The Bisnop was to sail for England 
early in April, and to bear with him a 
petition to the Queen, praying that her 
Majesty would " be graciously pleased to 
grant your Royal charter for the incor- 
portation of an University, to be estab 
lished on this clear and unequivocal prin 
ciple," that of adherence to the Church 
of England, " to be supported by means 
which the members of the church will 
contribiite from their own resources." 

This petition was signed by 11,731 per 
sons, a vast proportion of whom were 
heads of families. 

On Wednesday, April 10th. 1850, Bishop 
Straehan left Toronto by the steamboat 
America en route to England. He reached 
London early in May.and at once put him 
self in communication with Earl Grey, the 
Secretary of State for the Colonies, on 
the subject of his mission. He was cour 
teously received by that statesman, and 
received a promise that his arguments in 
favour of a Royal charter being gran-ted 
should receive every consideration. Sir 
Robert Peel, the then Prime Minister, also 
afforded the Bishop more than one inter 
view, aa also did the Duke of Wellington 
and other well-known public men. Tbe 
Bishop, though, did not succeed at the 
time in obtaining a Royal charter, 



s 



LANDMARKS OF TORONTO. 



Imperial authorities considering it im 
politic for the time being at any rate to 
grant Fuch a request. It was, though, 
granted two years later. 

While the Bishop was in England a Pro 
visional Council was appointed at a large 
ly attended meeting of the friends of the 
proposed new university, to eecure the 



j time of very small value or of no value at 
( all. Among those who contributed in 
j money were the following : 
*Dr. Alexander Burnside . . . $24,000 

Bishop Strachan 1 000 

Chief Justice Macaulay .... 200 

Hon. Wm. Allan 500 

Hon. Geo. Crookshank .... 600 



turn ? 

mam i-m : - 
. * : 




K 
O 



8 

a 

a 



^ m 



eo-opcration of Anglican ehurchmen 
th;-oa^hout Upper Canada to obtain eub- 
criptions in aid of an endowment fund. 
Large puma of money were given, and im- 
menp quantities of land, some of the lat 
ter, it mart b* admitted, being at the 



John Duggan 200 

Mrs. Boulton, The Grange . . . 200 

Rev. H. J. Grasctt 100 

Enoch Turner 800 

William Gooderh-am 480 

This amount was payable at his death. 



LANDMARKS OF TORONTO. 



William Spragge 400 

Dr. Hcdder 200 

Rev. Alex. Sanson 80 

Rev. W. M. Herchmer, Kingston . 1,000 
Those named are only a very few of 
the Jmndredp who subscribed. The donors 
of land included Chief Justice Robinson, 
Bishop Strachan, Sir Alan N. MeXab, 
Judge Draper, Alexander Dixon, P. M. 
^ ankoughnet, Euoch Turner and scores 
of others. 

In the summer of 1850 Drs. E. M. Hod- 
der anl James Bovell organized a school 
<>f medicine and with them were associat 
ed Drs. Badgley, Bethune, Hallowell and 
Melville. This school was announced as 
the "Upper Canada School of Medicine/ 
As soon a Bishop Strachan returned 
from Engla nd in November, 1850, a 
deputation from this body waited iipou 
him and tendered their services as the 
Medical Faculty of the proposed univer 
sity should it be proposed to have a 
medical school. They also promised to 
give their services gratuitously until 
there were sufficient funds in the hands 
of the governing body to warrant them 
in paying suitable remuneration for the 
servici-s rendered. This offer was accept 
ed an 1 oil November 7th, 1850, in the 
lecture h-ill of the M-schanics Institute on 
Court street the inaugural lectures were 
d livered in public, by Dr. Hodder on 
Obstetrics, Dr. Bethune on Anatomy, Dr. 
Melville; on Surgery, Dr. Bovell on Med - 
cine, and Dr. Hallowell on Mater .a 
Mediea. Th> Bishop presided and thera 
was a good attendance of the public, 
This event may be regarded as the first 
in the educational history of the uni 
versity. 

On January 23rd, 1851, at a meeting 
of the Provisional Committee held at the 
Church Society s House, 5 King street 
west, now No. 10, Mr. Kivas Tully and 
Messrs. Cumberland and Ridout, archi 
tects, were requested to prepare plans 
and design^ for the propose 1 University 
buildings, the cost of which was not to 
e:;c,-el 8000 currency, or $32,000. 

The designs submitted by Kivas Tullr ! 
were adopted, and the contract for the i 
building was given to the firm of build- ! 
ers, Metcalie, Wilson & Forbes. The ! 
amount of the contract was 7,845 cur 
rency ($31,380). 

Ou St. Patrick ** Day. 1851. the first I 
re/I was turned by Bishop Strachan in 
the presence of a larg: number of sym 
pathizers and spectators. Amongst others 
who were present en the occasion was 
the Rev. J. T. Lewis, the present Arch 
bishop of Ontario. Rev. Stephen Lett, 
LL.D., at the time rector of St. George s 
in Toronto, was mother who was there, 
h-nd he, true to his nationality, wore in 



his buttonho e a shamrock, in honour 
of the day. 

Six weeks later was laid with imposing 

ceremony the corner stone of the building 

o" course by Bishop Strachan and there 

were several thousands o? people present, 

| among them great numbers of ladies. The 

| inscription on the brass plate which warn 

let into the stone was in Latin. The fol 

lowing is a translation : 

In the name of the Father, and of the 
Sou, and of the Holy Ghost. Amen. 

On the 30th of April, 1851, in the 14th 
year o! the reijn of Victoria, by the Grace 
of God, Queen, Defender of the Faith, and 
while the Right Honourable the Earl of 
Elgin and Kincardine was Goveruoi -Gen 
eral o! British. North America, the Foun 
dation Stone of Trinity College, Toronto, 
an Institution established for the further 
ance of the Christian Religion and all the 
Liberal Sciences, was laid by the Honour 
able and Rijht Reverend John Strachan, 
D.D.. LL.D., Bishop of Toronto. 

The College, now commenced, is built 
by the muniiicence of those who, at his 
earnest instigation, both iu Britain and in 
i thi.-i Diocese, gave with willing minds, as 
to the Lord, gifts of money and lands, for 
the accomplishment of this object. 

To thi-s devoted and persevering pre 
late, who, throughout an extended life, 
labours that the youth of Canada may at 
all times be trained in Christian prin 
ciples, let posterity render grateful 
thanks. 

With the Bishop, who is deservedly the 
fii-st President of the College, have beeu 
associated the following, as the Council 
of the College : 
The Veil. G. 0. Stuart, D.l>., LL.D., Arch 

deacon of Kingston. 
The Ven. A. N. Betiruue, D.D., Archdeacon 

o! York. 
Alexander Bunnide, Es^. Hoa. J. B. Rob 



inson. 
Rev. H. J. Grusett. M.A. Hox J. B. Mac- 

aulay. 

J. Arr.o d, Esq. L. Mo fati;, Esq. 

Ho:i. J. Gordon. Hon. J. G. Spragge. 

Philip M. Vaukouglmet, Esq. Hou. n. S. 

Jameson, 

E. M. Holder. M.C. J. M. Strachan, Esq. 
Sir Alan N. MsNafc. 

TB0STKKS. 

Rr. H. J. Grasett, M.A., G. W. Allan, 
Esq., L. Moffatt, Esq. 

TREASURERS. 

Hou. G. Crookshnnk, Han. W. Allan. Hon. 

J. Gordon. 
Thomas Champion, Se:retary. 

Kivas Tully, Architect. 

Metcalfe. Wil o i & Forbes, Builders. 

Gel grtiut a prosperous issue to the 

begnu labour. May He who is at oce 

the Founder and Foundation Stone of Hi 



10 



LANDMARKS OF TORONTO. 



Church be ever present "with tho^e who 
ehall, within these walls, devote them? 
;lve3 to Christian learning and the lib- 

ral aeiencea. 

****** 

The foregoing inscription was composed 
by the Rev. Henry S^adding, at tnat 
time incumbent o? Holy Trinity church, 
Toronto, ani first classical master at 
Dpj-r Canada College. By him it was 
rendered into Latin, as it is inscribed ujon 
the braes plate. 

The corner stone was then duly laid, 
and afterwards Sir A. N. McNab address 
ed the assembled clergy and spectators in 
complimentary language, dwelling on the 
success which had so far attended the 
labours of the Bishop in promoting the 
University. 

An address in Latin from the pupils 
of St. Paul s Church Grammar School was 
presented to the Bishop by John Bethuue, 
a son of the Archdeacon, and replied to 
by the aged prelate in the same tongue. 
This school carried in the procession a 
handsome white silk banner, not of very 
large dimensions, bearing on it the name 
of th^ school. The school itself was under 
the principalship of Rev. John George Dal- 
hoste McKenzie, assisted by his brother 
Valentine, and for some time also by a 
Mr. Evans. Miss Crombie, a sister-in- 
law of Mr. McKenzie, had charge of a 
few of the younger boys. The school was 
conducted in the basement of the private 
housj occupied by its principal. It was the 
uecond house east of St. Paul s church, and 
though it has been very greatly enlarged, 
is still standing. It was intended that 
St. Paul s Grammar School should be a 
training school for Trinity University, but 
about 1854 the idea was abandoned, and 
Mr. McKenzie gave up teaching. 

The financial results of Dr. Straehairs 
visit to ^ngland were very encouraging. 
They were related by the Bishop himself 
oi the opening of the College buildings on 
January 15th, 1852, in the following 
words : 

" On the 30th April (1851), I reached 
London, and lost no time in addressing 
letters to the archbishops, bishops, clergy 
and laity members of the church, telliu;i 
them that under the pressure of what I 
*elt to be a great necessity, I had ceasea, 
for a short time, my pastoral labours in 
the diocese of Toronto, to appeal, I hoped 
not in vain, to their sympathy, in behalf of 
their brethren in Canada. The full ex 
planation of the causes of my visit, my 
object and wants, was most favourably 
received, and munificent donations grant 
ed," 

The Bishop then gave a list of those 

who had contributed. Among them were : 

Society for Propagation of Gospel, 

2,000 sterling. Also seven and a hoi! 



acres of land within the limits of To 
ronto, valued at 2,000 sterling. 

Society for Promoting Christian Know 
ledge, 3,000 sterling. 

Private subscriptions, including one of 
500 from C. H. Turner, of Rook e Nest 
Park, Surrey, 4,000. 

It has often been asserted that tue 
land upon which Trinity University is 
built was presented to the Bishop as a 
free gift. Such was not the case. It had 
been purchased from Mias Cameron, of 
Gore Vale. 

The professorial staff of the University 
on its opening was as follows : 

Provoat Rev. George Whittaker, M.A., 
who was by virtue of his office piofessor 
of divinity. 

Classics Rev. E. St. John Parry, M.A, 

Mathematics Rev. Geo. C. Irving, B,A, 

Faculty of Medicine Drs. E. M. Hod- 
der, James Bovell, Henry Melville, Nor 
man Bethune, F. Badgley, W. Hallowell. 

Faculty of Law J. H. Hagarty, Q.C., 
John Hillyard Cameron, Q.C., and Philip 
M. Vankoughuet, Q.C. 

Provost Whittaker was educated at 
Queen s College, Cambridge, and assum 
ed the duties of Provost of Trinity while 
still a young man. For exactly thirty 
years he remained at his post, only re 
signing on account of failing health in 
1881. He returned to England and de 
voted the short remainder of his days 
to parochial work, dying about ten years 
since. He was succeeded by the Rev. C. 
W. E. Body, late Fellow of St. John s Col 
lege, Cambridge. Provost Body was not 
only an able mathematician, he having 
been sixth Wrangler, but also was an ac 
complished classic and theologian, having 
taken a First-Class in the Theological 
Tripos. Provost Body resigned in 1894, 
having accepted the post ol lecturer on 
Old Testament History in the General 
Theological Seminary, New York. He was 
followed by the Rev. E. A. Welch, of 
King s College, Cambridge, P.. A. 1882, 
M.A. 1886. He came out in the First-Olass 
Classical Tripos 1882, and Second-Class 
Theological Tripos 18S6. Was, at the date 
of his appointment Vicar of Church of Ven 
erable Bede, Gateshead. 

Professor Parry was a graduate of 
Balliol College, Oxford, and remained at 
Trinity until 1856, when he returned to 
England and became Head Master of 
Leamington College, in Warwickshire, 
which post he held for many years. He 
etill survives, though he has abandoned 
teaching. 

Professor Irving was educated at St. 
John s College, Cambridge. He came to 
Canada shortly alter taking his degree 
to assume th> mathematical chair at Trin 
ity, and discharged his duties until 1856, 
when he resigned. In i860 he returned 



LANDMARKS OF TORONTO. 



11 



to Trinity as Vice-Provost, holding that 
office until 1863, when he weiit to Leu- 
aoxville. He was drowned in tne Riviere 
du Loup two years later. 

Of the medical staff, Dr. Hodder was 
F.R.C.S., England. He was one of the 
most popular and able surgeons of his 
time, and had resided in Toronto since 
1843. He continued his connection with 
Trinity until his death, which occurred 
February 20th, 1878, in his sixty-eighth 
year. 

Dr. James Bovell came to Toronto in 

1847. He was M.B.C.P. Eng., and was 
looked upon as an authority 011 physiology 
and patho ogy. He left Canada for the 
West ladies, where he became an Angli 
can clergyman in 1870. His death took 
place at NevLs, W. I., January 16th, 1880. 

Dr. Melville s connection with Trinity 
was of very brief duration, he leaving 
Toronto to; 1 England in 1853. He waa ;i 
graduate of Edinburgh. University, fully 
conversant with his profession, and a re- 
luiarkably skillul operator. He died in 
England more than thirty years ago. 

Dr. Norman Bethuue, a nephew of 
Archdeacon Bethune. was educated at 
Edinburgh and London, taking his de 
gree as M.R.C.S. at the latter place in 

1848. He lectured at Trinity on anatomy 
and physiology. He died iii Toronto on 
Octoier 12th, 1892, aged 70. 

Drs. Badgley and Hallowell lectured 
on Medical Jurisprudence and Materia 
Medica respectively, ani continued to do 
to for some years. Dr. Badgley s conneq- 
tioa with Trinity ceased about 1855, and 
that o! Dr. Hallowell several years later. 
The latter died in Toronto iu 1873. 

Of those who fdrmed the Faculty of Law 
it is hardly necessary to say anything. 
Mr. J. H. Hagarty still survives, while 
both the Hon. J. H. Cameron and P. M. 
Vankoughnet have been dead for many 
yeaJB. 

The names of the College Council have 
already been given in the inscription on 
the corner stone. To those names were 
tdded on the opening of the college those 
of Provost Whittaker, Professors Parry 
and Irving. Thomas Champion resigned 
the secretaryship on January 1st, 1852, 
and Charlee McGrath was appointed to 
the vacancy. 

Such was the staff of Trinity when its 
career opened La 1851. Of all those who 
were associated with it on its teaching 
or governing staff then, only the present 
Chancellor, Hon. G. W. Allan, Professor 
Parry and Judge Hagarty an-e still ex 
tant. Tempera Mutantur. 

Having said so much about the cir 
cumstances attending the opening of 
Trinity University, it is time to give 
some description of the building itself. 
Tbe portion of it wfeich was completed 



in 1852 iucludsd tha whole of the froat 
facing the lake, which was 250 feet long 
from east to west and fifty feet in 
depth on the eastern and western sides. 
There wera the usual lecture rooms for 
the classical, mathematical and other 
professors and rooms for forty-five un 
dergraduates. What is now the library 
was used as the College Chapel and the 
Provost resided within the precincts. The 
style of the architecture is of the 
third period, Pointed English, which ob 
tained in the motherland just prior to 
and during the reign of Henry VHI. 

The materials used in constructing the 
college were white bricks ma.de in York- 
ville and stone from Cleveland, Ohio, 
which, from its colour, harmonized with 
the bricks. The total number of apart 
ments in the building when it was open 
ed wa? about one hundred and eighty, 
the largest of which was in the ground 
floor and measured fifty by thirty feet. 

Of additions made to the college since 
its erection therJ has been Convocation 
Hall, erected in 1S77, and which con 
tains a very fine portrait of Dr- 
Strachan in his Episcopal habit, one of 
Provost Whittaker in academicals, and 
a third of Dr. E. M. Hodder. 

In 1884 the new chapel on the eastern 
side was added. It has been spoken of by 
competent authorities as a "gem of 
ecclesiastical architecture," and though 
there is a somewhat uiicomfortabla air 
of "newness" about its interior, it is a 
lovely place, and such stained glass 
windows as it possesses are works of the 
highest order. The west wiog was add 
ed in 1891 and the eastern in 1894. {At 
present (1895) the building will accom-i 
rnodate about ninety students in arts and 
divinity, the medical school being extra 
mural and the students non-residential,. 

The following list of those who are or 
have been professors in the college, not 
including those of the Medical school, will 
be scanned with interest by many, not 
only in Toronto, but in different parts 
of Canada : 

DIVINITY. 

Provosts George Whittaker, C. W. E. 
Body and E. Ashurst Welch ; these gentle 
men s University careers and attainments 
have already been spoken of. 
CLASSICAL. 

John Ambrey, M.A., Brazen Nose Col 
lege, Oxford ; second class classical hon 
ours ; appointed 1S56, resigned 1875 ; 
died in England 1880. 

H. E. Maddock, M.A., Fellow of Clare 
College, Cambridge ; first class classical 
honours ; appointed 1875, resigned 1878; 
vicar of Patringtou, Yorkshire, England. 

A. Boys, M.A., Jesus College, Cambridge: 
second class classical honours ; appointed 
1878; died iu Toronto 1890. 



I> 



LANDMARKS OF TORONTO. 




LANDMARKS OF TORONTO. 



13 



E. W. Huntiixgford, M.A., Merton Col- \ 1870-79, who is now principal of t 
lege, Oxford ; first class iu classics ; ap- ! School of Applied Science, Toronto. He 
pointed 1890, and is the present occu- I was followed by T. H. Smyth, M.A., who 
pant of the chair; as were his predeces- j is still at his duty, 
eors, is in Holy Orders. In Natural Science Rer. G. E. Haelam, 

Processor Parry has been omitted from . Dr. O Connor and H. Montgomery have ail 
the foregoing, he having been mentioned < filled the office of Fellow, lecturing regu- 
parlier. \ larly. 

MATHEMATICAL. Of the first undergraduates at Trinity. 

Pro esror Irving; 1852 to 1856; men- some forty in number, many have passed 
tkyr.ed elsewhere. j away, and all of those who are left are 

E. K. Kendall, M.A., St. Jcta s Col- fast leaving middle age behind them, 
lege, Cambridge; appointed 1856; re- Among them were Alfred Rykert, who waa 
signed 1860; died several years later. i a lieutenant in the 100th Regiment; he 

Professor Irving; re-appointed 1860-63. died in London, England, in 1860. J. E. 

W. Jones, M.A., Upper Canada College i O Reilly, sou of Judge O Reilly, of Hamil- 
and St. John s College, Cambridge; 20th ton, resides in the latter city, practising 
Wrangler; appointed 1863; resigned 1895; aa a barrister. Charles E. Thomson is 
resides in Toronto. I rector of St. Mark s Church, Toronto Junc- 

M. A. Mackenzie, M.A., Selwyn College, ! tion. John Laiigtry is rector of St. Luke s 
Cambridge; 25th Wrangler; present occu- Church, Toronto. James J. Bogart is a 
pant of the chair. j rector in Ottawa. T. D. Phillips, famous 

All of the mathematical professors were ] aa a cricketer, is in Chicago, and the re 
in Holy Orders. i maiuing survivors are scattered here and 

Reverend William Clark, Hertford Col- I there throughout the world. 
lge, Oxford, was appointed Professor of 1 In concluding this sketch it is desired 
Mental and Moral Philosophy in 1883, | to acknowledge the courteous assistance 
and still retains his office. i rendered in supplying information by 

The Provost of Trinity is, by virtue of Provost Body, Professor W. Jones, Mr. 
his office, Professor of Divinity, but for j J. A. Worrell and others. That the Uni- 
some years past there has been an ad- versity may continue in and extend its 
ditional lecturer. They have been : : career of usefu loess is the wish of all 

G. A. Schmider, M.A., Gonville and Cains who, regardless of sectarian strife or 
College, Cambridge, appointed 1882, re- political controversy, have the highest 
signed 1S85 : is now vice-principal Ridley i interests of " This Canada of Oura " at 



Hall, Cambridge. 

J. C. Roper, M.A., Keble College, Oxford ; 
appointed 1885 ; resigned 1888 ; is rector 
of St. Thomas Church, Toronto. 

H. Symoudfi. M.A., Trinity University, 
Toronto : appointed 1888 ; resigned 1892. 

E. C. Cayley, M.A., Trinity University, 
Toronto ; is a son of Rev. John Cayley, 
rector of St. George s, Toronto, and Ls 
now at the University. 

There are also among the assistant 
teaching staff Fellows, as they are term 
ed, iu Divinity and in Classics. In the 



heart. 

N( te -Professor Parry died in Eng 
land in August, 1896. 

CHAPTER III. 
THE GWYNNE COTTAGE. 

The Pleasant Home of a Wcil-hto wa Medi 
cal Practitioner DewrlpMou of tbe Hon* 
and its Snrronnaings. 

Some three hundred yards north of the 
lake on the western side of Dufferin street 



former have been numbered Rev. A. J. i stands, embedded in trees, a picturesque 



Broughall, M.A., rector of St. Stephen s, 
Toronto, appointed 1856 ; Revs. H. Sy- 



oottage, one and a half storeys in height, 
long the residence of the well known Dr. 



moods, 1886-88 ; E. E. Cayley, 1888-92, j William Charles Gwynne. 
and H. H. Bedford Jones, 1892 till present i The house resembles an Indian bung- 
time (1896). low in appearance and in its interior 

The Classical Fellows have included Mr. arrangements. It was built by Dr. 
J. A. Worrell, Q.C., Revs. J. S. Brougball, Gwynne about fifty years since, and 
1889-93; C. S. Mclnnies, 1893-94, and of mud brick, the walls being nearly 
W. H. While, wbo was appointed 1894. I two feet in thickness. The front dcor 

Rev. 0. Rigby, St. John s College, Cam- i opens into a spacious reception hall, and 
bridge; Dean of Trinity; appointed 1891; ! four doors open into different rooms. On 
in Pro efsor of History. ! three sides of the cottage is a wide 



In Modern Lajuguages the lecturers have 
been: E. C. Pernet, 1870-81; J. C. Dun- 
lop, 1881-92; A. H. Yoiwg, 1892. 

The lecturers hi Physical Science have 
been. : fi. M. Hinde, 1852-63; James Bovell, 



verandah, and tbe view over the lawn 
on the south side looking on to the lake 
fe a very lovely one. As one stands on the 
lawn, with the quaint old world looting 
cottage before thorn, on either hand beds 



M.D;, 1863-70; W. H. Elite, M.A., M.B. , of old-fashioned ilowew, while the ehruftw 



14 



LANDMARKS OF TORONTO. 



sad trees rustle in the breeze, it is hard 
to believe that you are within a few 
hundred yards of one of the largest manu 
factories in Canada, that not far distant 
from you is a great railway gcols and 
passenger depot, and that instead of be 
ing " Far from the madding crowd s 
ignob e strife," you are in the midst of 
a population of 200,000 people. 

The Gwynne cottage is the only house 
left of its kini in the city. All tlwe simi 
lar have disappeared. There are one or 
two on the south side of College street 
bearing a faint resemblance to it, but 
very faint. It remains a unique specimen, 
and to judge from appearances, will last 
: or ma-ny a year yet to come. 

Dr. Gwynne was born in 1806 in Ire 
land, being the sou of Rev. William 
Gwynne, D.D., an Irish clergyman. He 
was educated at Trinity Collage, Dublin, 



incorporated militia, and was exceedingly 
popular with bo^h offi e-s and men. He 
was also a member of the Upper Canada 
Medical Board, and took an active part 
in the medical department of Toronto 
University until the year 1854. Dr. 
Gwynne was an earnest and energetic 
man in everything relating to his pro 
fession. He could not tolerate half-heart- 
edness, and he strove to imbue his pupils 
at the University with a like energy. 

For the last twenty years of hia life 
Dr. ^ Gwynne was not engaged in active 
pro essionnl work, but spent much of his 
time on his land and in entomological 
research. He died in September, 1875, 
in his Feventieth year. His widow eur- 
vived him for nearly eight years. She 
died in May, 1883. 

Gwyiiue avenue, Parkdale, is called 
after the doctor, as Murray street com,- 




- 



THE GvVYNNE COTTAGE, DUFFE3IX STKEET. 



and al~o at Edinburgh, taking his degree 
in 1832. Aliro t coincident with doing 
the latter he obtains! an appointment 
as Eurgeon on board a sailing vessel 
between England and Qu3bec, and came 
out to Canada. He did not go back to 
Ireland, but remained here, and on July 
9th, 1832, was admitted to the practice! 
of medicine in Upper Canada. For a brief 
period after his arrival in this country 
he was in Kingston, but very soon came 
to York. ; 

Dr. Gwynne ma- ried in May, 1S35, Ann 
Murray, the youngest daughter of Mr. 
W. D. Powell and a granddaxighter of j 
Chief Justice W. D. Powell. By this union : 
there were feur children, one only of 
whom, a daughter, survives, residing in ; 
ttoa old home. 

During the rebellion o f 1837 Dr. Gwynne 
was Burgeon to one of the rogimeuta of 



niemorateg the second of his wife s Chris 
tian name?. Whatever Dr. Gwyuue did 
he did well. He was regarded as a skil 
ful surgeon and accomplished man, and 
where he gave tia confidence and friend 
ship as being sincerity itself. 

CHAPTER I?7 
THt WELLSJJESIDENCE. 

Colonel .Josryli Wellt< Ills Military Service* 
HI* Family Colonel Frederick Well* 
nntl the Crimean War. 

On the top of the hill overlooking 
Davenport road, about two hundred 
yards to the north-east of Bathuret 
street, is the home, for now three-quar 
ters of a century, of various members 
of the Wells family. 

The present house occupies the site of 
a very much smaller building, -which wa* 



LANDMARKS OF TORONTO. 



erected early in tlie century, and was 
purchased by Colonel Joseph Wells, of 
the 43rd Monmouthshire Regiment, in 
1820. On coming into possession of the 
property, Colonel Weils determined to en 
large the house, and, having retired from 
the army, to make it his home fo? the 
rest of his life. The result of this re- 
eolve was, that the residence, as it is 
now, was constructed, it being, when fin 
ished, as it is still, one of the most com 
fortable of dwellings. 

Joseph Wells was born in England, June 
19th, 1773, and entered H.M. 43rd Regi 
ment of foot at an early age. He was 
married at the historic church of St. 
Botolph, Aldersgate, London, England, by 
the Rev. W. Trollops, on June 10th, 
1813, to Harriet King, and immediately 
after Waterloo was fought came out to 
Canada on duty. At that time Colonel and 
Mrs. Wells had one sou, George Dupont 
Wells, who afterwards took an active in 
terest in agricultural matters in this pro- 
vin e, and was for several years secretary 
to the York Township Agricultural So 
ciety. He was one of the first pupils at 
Dpter Canada College on its opening. He 
died in the Albany Chambers, Toronto, 
December 4th. 1854, in his forty-first year. 
Robert was the second son. He died at 
Davenport, July 29th, 1868, having just 
completed his fifty-first year. His widow 
married again, and continued to reside 
at Davenport until 1894. Charles was 
the third eon. He was drowned in the 
river at Ottawa, near where he was 
at school, in 182S. He was only nine years 
old. Frederick Wells, the mo?t distinguish 
ed member o? the family, of whom more 
will be said presently, was born June 
19th, 1822, and was entered at Upper 
Canada College in 1830, when he was 
only eight years old. He had as his co- 
temporaries boys from the Jarvis, Bcul- 
ton. Ridcut, Heward, Robinson and many 
other well known Toronto families. Arthur 
Wei la was the fifth eon. He was born in 
1824, is married and has a large family. 
He resides at Pueblo, Colorado Like his 
brothers, Arthur was an Up; er Canada 
Collage boy. where he entered in 1833, a 
son of Sir John Colborne entering at the 
name time. Colonel and Mrs. Wells had 
also several daughters, all of whom have 
passed away. 

Colonel Wells served with the 43r;l 
Regiment in the Peninsular campaign, 
was present at Badajoz and r3ceived the 
gold cross given for the famous siege. 
When he retired from the army he was 
for some time Bursar to Upper Canadi 
College, but the most of his time was 
taken up with his property aid its re- 
ponsibilities at Davenport. He was a 
remarkably handsome man, the very 
w?nce of courtesy and of unsullied 



honour. His diath took place at Daven- 
port on Felruary 4th, 1853. He was 
buried in the family vault in St. 
James cemetery. Mrs. Wells died March 
, 18th, 1851. 

Fred rick Wells, tha fourth son, who 
has previously been mentioned, was des 
tined for the sriny from his birth, and 
he obtained his first commission as 
! Ensign in the 1st, or Royal, Regiment, 
, October 15th, 1841, when he was a lit- 
I tie more than nineteen years of age. His 
subsequent commissions bear dite as 
follows : Lieutenant, August 7th, 1844 j; 
Captain, November 6th, 1854 ; Brevet 
Ma jor, November 2nd, 1855 ; Major. 
June 26th, 1866 ; Brevet Lieutenant 
Colonel, February 8th, 1866 ; Lieutenant- 
Colonel. November 18th, 1868. Wells 
served with his r?giment at various sta 
tions both at home and abroad until 
1854, when he accompanied it to the 
east on the breaking out of the Crimean 
or Russian war. He served throughout 
the whola campaign, was present at the 
battles of Alma, Inkernian^ and through 
the fearful siege of Sebastopol, being 
present at the final attack upon the city 
and the capture of the Redan. For his 
services he received the brevet rank of 
Major, the Crimean medal, the Turkish 
medal and fifth class of the Medjidie and 
was mrdi a companion of the French 
Legion of Honour. Tha patent conferring 
Ihis d iftirction upon him was in these 
terms : 

" His Majesty the Emperor, by a de 
cree ol June 16th, 1856, has named as a 
Knight o? the Imperial Order of the 
Legion of Honour, Major Frederick WelL ; , 
let Royal Regiment, Infantry. He to have 
precedence from the same date." 
"Paris, June 21, 1856." 
On the conclusion of the Crimean War 
Major Wells obtained leave of absence 
and visited Toronto, his native city. He 
was most warmly welcomed by every one, 
and the welcome was not confined to 
words only. The City Council presented 
him with a valuable sword, now in the 
pos ession of Major Wells only daugh 
ter, r,.nd an address, which was in these 
words : 

Major Frederick We!l>, Her Majesty s 

Firrt or Royal Regiment : 

Sir, The corporation of the city of To- 

; ronto, representing the wishes and feel- 

, in?s of their fellow-citizens, have by their, 

unanimous vote requested me to tender 

; to you their hearty congratulations upon 

your safe return to your native city, 

after undergoing the dangers and pri* 

; vations of the Crimean Campaign. 

It is with equal pridi and pleasur3 that 
we welcome home a citizen of Toronto 
whose breast displays those hononr^bla 
distinctions conferred, not alone by ki 



16 



LANDMARKS OF TORONTO. 



._- 




LANDMARKS OF TORONTO. 



most gracious Sovereign, but by her 
tiugust ally, the Emperor of the Frencb, 
an emphatic proof that he holds no un 
distinguished position among the gal 
lant troops of both nations, who united 
in maintaining an arduous and successful 
struggle for the liberties of Europe. 

As inhabitants of this Province, whoso 
boast it is to be an integral portion of 
the British Empire, we feel proud of tlie 
achievements of the gallant men who so 
successfully vindicated their country s 
renown at Alma, Balaclava and Inker- 
man, and who so triumphantly planted 
the flag of their country on the capture d 
heights of Sebastopol. 

As citizens of Toronto we rejoice that 
a fellow-townsman so nobly braved those 
dreadful encounters and participated 
with such honour to himself in those 
glorious triumphs. 

The Municipal Corporation of your 
native city desire to mark their sense 
of your gallant services, and to convey 
to you some proof of their estimation 
more substantial than words. 

It becomes, therefore, my pleasing duty, 
in the name of the people of Toronto, to 
present you with this sword. Should the 
atorm of war again arise and our be 
loved Queen require your services, we feel 
that it will be drawn with distinction to 
yourself and with honour to your Coun 
try. 

JOHN BEVERLEY ROBINSON, 

Mayor of the City of Toronto. 
A. T. McCORD, 

Chamberlain. 
Common Council Chamber, 

Toronto, 31st October, 1856. 

To the foregoing address Major Wells 
made a brief but courteous reply, one sen 
tence of which must be given verbatim. It 



" As the son of a soldier, well known 
to many of you, and respected by all who 
knew him, I feel I have done nothing 
more than my duty, and am convinced 
that every Canadian when called upon 
would do the same." 

The sword presented with the address 
was of simple " regulation " pattern, 
The actual "presentation" weapon 
was forwarded to Major Wells some 
time later. On ita receipt he sent the 
following letter to the Mayor : 

Wednesday, 18th Feb y, 1867. 

My Dear Robinson, I have this day re 
ceived the gratifying testimonial unani 
mously voted me by the Corporation of 
the City of Toronto, viz., "The Sword," 
but cannot accept it without endeavour 
ing to express my sinceie thanks to your- 
eelf and the committee for the very able 
manner in which you have carried out 
the wishes of the corporation, and most 
undoubtedly not the least gratifying to 



I me, is that the entire sword was mad* 
i in Toronto. The design by Mr. Arm- 
| strong (truly Canadian) has been done 
: justice to by Mr. Morrison, and would 
do credit and would stand competition 
, with anything that had been ordered 
! from the mother country, where it will 
j very shortly be my pride to wear it aa 
a good specimen of Canadian taste and 
j workmanship. 

And proud am I to have received it 
at the hands of an old Upper Canada Col 
lege boy. Very faithfully yours, 

F. WELLS. 

In the early part of 1857 Major Wells 
returned to his regiment, and served with 
it in India and elsewhere until he retired 
from the army Ln 1871. 

In 1866 Major Wells became lieutenant- 
colonel in the army. He had some tinuj 
previously married Georgina Mary, daugh 
ter of Dr. Dartnell, Surgeon-Major in the 
same regiment as himself. They had sev 
eral children, two only of whom survive 
George, who is in Natal, South Africa, 
and Mrs. De Peucier, who lives in the 
old homestead on Davenport Hill, in the 
morning room of which hang th sword 
worn by Colonel Wells during the Crimea 
as well as others he used during his Ber- 
vice. There are trophies and curiosities 
scattered throughout the house, each one 
of which has a history of it own. 

Mrs. Wells died at Davenport, where 
Colonel Wells was residing after his re 
tirement, on May 11, 1873, and wa buried 
at St. James cemetery. The Colonel then 
went to England, and took up his abode 
near Leamington, Warwickshire, whera 
he died in 1877, aged 55 years. He was 
a gallant soldier and a courteous 
gentleman. 

CHAPTER V.~ 
YONGE STREET 

The Earlier Road Makers The German 
Settlers Their Energy *nd Determination 
The ICIver Veil. 

Tonge street, as everyone now is aware, 
is the direct road through the Province 
of Ontario, leading from Lake Ontario 
to Georgian Bay. For many yeara after 
it was first laid out it wa* known as 
Yonge street road. Oniy within the last 
half century has it been universally 
known as Yonge atreat only. 

It was named after General Yonge, and 
many different people had a share i 
its construction. Among these waa 
William Berczy, a German by birth, who 
came over from the State of New York 
to Canada in 1794, bringing with him 
sixty-four families of Germans, who had 
only a very brief period earlier left 
Hamburg to make their homes in 



LANDMARKS OF TORONTO. 



York. When Berczy reached York (To 
ronto) it was a hamlet and no more. 
There were not more than one hundred in 
habitants. Youge street only existed on 
paper, north of Lot street, what is now 
Queen street, and "was a mere path from 
the line of Queen street to the water s 
edge. But Berczy wae not a man who 
was easily daunted. He set to work with 
his emigrants lo construct a road, and 
they did as is told in the following 

letter from him : 

** 

A. D. 1794. During the time I was 
thus obliged to remain idle I had many 
interviews with Governor Simcoe, in 
which he communicated to me several 
plans for the improvement of the pro 
vince, and among others for the plan of 
Mr. Rocheblave, which ten led to form 
a new and shorter communication for 
the fur trade to the far distant factories 
in the North-west, through Youge street, 
the river Hollanl aud Lake Simcoe into 
Lake Huron- He endeavoured to con 
vince me of the advantages which the 
completion of this new communication 
would afford for rendering more valu 
able my lanls in Markham, and neglect- 
in? nothing that could animate me also 
in this point to co-operate in accom 
plishing the views of Government. Near 
ly midway on Yonge street, between Lake 
Ontario and Gwillimbury, the Provincial 
Government had reserved four lots of 200 
acres each, situated equally on both 
fides of the road through which the river 
Don runs, to be sold for raising a fund 
to be employed towards the making of 
Yonge street a practicable road for wag- 
Sons. These four lots he offered me for 
that purpose, ;ini although I consider 
ed that their value was not a compensa 
tion adequate to the expense required for 
that object, I accepted his offer in con 
sideration of the advantage which in 
directly would arise to me from this 
undertaking, by enhancing my own 
lanis the more, as I had already, be 
sides the 64.000 not very remote from 
it, the township of Darlington, which 
was one of those purchased of Andrew 
Pierce by me, and that I intended to 
take in the vicinity also, the second 
township, which the Governor had pro 
mised me when I consented to devote 
my first operations towards the settle 
ment of the land in the rear of York. 

I resolved not o^y to do this, but cou- 
idering myself to be the indisputable 
proprietor of a very extensive tract ol 
waste laud/, I determined immediately to 
cut through the woods at my own ex 
pense a sufficiently large and comfort 
able road lor the passage of waggons 
for( a distance of about 30 miles through 
the lands to be laid out for my first 



! settlement with all the necessary bridges 
, over the waters which I should find in 
my way, and this I executed afterwards, 
being convinced of the truth that the 
I making of roads is one of the most effi 
cient means for rendering the inhabi 
tants of any country comfortable and 
j wealthy, and that the expectations of 
i these accommodations would attract such 
! a numerous concourse of people as is 
j necessary to bring about the speedy 
population of a wilderness, without them 
even the best of such lands would never 
rise to a considerable pecuniary value. 
In the beginning of September the Sur 
veyor-General notified to me at last 
that they had sent over to York a de 
puty suveyor with orders to lay out the 
outlines of my lands, the first move im 
mediately necessary was concession lines 
with the division posts for the lots. At 
that time I sent to you the greatest 
part of the grown men among my people, 
together with about sixty hired axemen, 
ordering them all to begin the work on 
Youge- street, and to clear out a part of 
the lot where York was to be built. But 
as my lands were not yet surveyed as 
much as above mentioned, I could not 
begin the performance of the road in it 
before the 24th of October, 1794, at 
which time the Deputy-Surveyor, Mr. Tis- 
dell, gave me a draught of his work, and 
not before the middle of November I 
could bring any of my people to the place 
of their habitation. It is easy to con 
ceive to what hardships and excessive 
losses I must have been subjected before 
I could overcome in that season of the 
year all the difficulties incumbent upon 
settling a considerable number of people 
in a distant part of the woods, far from 
habitations which could afford me assist 
ance in any considerable degree, either 
of victuals or of articles of the first ne 
cessity of whatever kind. 

Belying, however, on my grant, the 
land I had acquired of Andrew Pierce, 
and the further promises I had received 
as well from the Governor in Council as 
of him in private^ I submitted cheerfully 
to all these difficulties in the fullest con 
victions, that these lands would through 
my exertions to improve them, cover by 
their acquired value all my disburse 
ments, and procure a proportionate com 
pensation for the difficulties which I had 
now to overcome, the more as I looked 
at this first and most difficult work only 
as a preparation for easier and less 
costly settlements. In the latter part of 
November the Governor came for a short 
time to York and as then I had already 
finished a great part of Youge street and 
the roads through my settlement making 
on the whole 45 miles waggon road upon 
which my waggons carried out heary 



LANDMARKS OF TORONTO. 



19 



loads for the supply of my people. He 
was extremely well pleased with my ac- 
tirity and rapid progress, and sent the 
mornhig after his arrival an express 
to my settlement \vhere I then 
was, by which he notified to 
me his aVrival and the short stay he 
should make, desiring that I would as 
soon as possible come to see him. At 
our meeting in York he manifested to me 
in the most flattering manner his satis 
faction, and as a proof o his approbation 
he desired me to accept the commission 
of a magistrate in the district of York 
and a commission of a captain of the 
militia in order to embody my people, 
as well as the fe\v neighbouring settlers, 
in a militia company. T.he first of these 
commissions I asked permission yet to 
decline until the laborious business of fix 
ing my settlers should be finished in the 
greater part, finding it almost impos 
sible, in the pressure of so much intricate 
occupation, that there should remain to 
me time enough to discharge so as it 
ought to be expected, the duties of magis 
trate. Respecting the militia commission, 
I accepted it, as it could not interfera 
very essentially with my other business, 
and I promised the Governor that until 
a regular commission should be made out 
I would embody my men and lead them 
to the knowledge of their militia duty. 
At the time when I was minutely explor 
ing my tract of land for the purpose of 
laying out the roads and to fix on the 
most eligible spot for my first settlement, 
I came to a river, which afterwards was 
called the "Nen," at a place in a direct 
line eighteen miles distant from Lake 
Ontario, which at that place I iound 
sufficiently deep to admit the navigation 
of large boats or bateaui for a consider 
able distance higher up to the north 
west, provided there should be no con 
siderable falls or very strong rapids in 
it. In order to ascertain this, I returned 
without delay to York, from whence I 
went in a bateau upon Lake Ontario to 
seek the outlet of that river. The third 
river I met along the shore of the lake 
appeared to be sufficiently large to be 
the river I wished to explore. I entered 
it, and found its outlet of sufficient depth 
to afford a harbour to the schooners 
which are ued upon the lake; but having 
continued my navigation for about four 
miles upwards in a north-west direction, 
I was prevented by fallen timber and drift 
wood from persisting in my navigation. 
I, therefore, left my bateau, and continued 
to follow on foot the shore of the river 
until I came in the evening of the second 
day to the very same place where at 
first I had met this river. Havling 
observed all along the way that it con 



tinued in a gentle course, to keep with 
out interruption the same depth as at 
first I observed, and having afterwards 
continued to walk along it for about 20 
miles higher up to the north-west, I ob 
served it always capable of affording? 
a good navigation. This observation I 
communicated to Governor Simcoe in giv- 
iag my opinion, that this Driver when 
cleared of its encumbrances of fallen tim 
ber, drift-wood and beaver dams, would 
admit of an uninterrupted navigation from 
Lake Ontario until very near Gwillim- 
bury, from whence the River Holland be 
gins to be navigable into Lake Simcoe, 
and that there would remain between 
these two rivers only a portage of a 
very few miles, which, as I conceived, 
could also easily be made navigable by 
means of a cJnal, that by an easy water 
communication goods might be carried) 
in boats from Lake Ontario without un 
loading, until the Falls of Sault Stev 
Marie, in the straits which separate Lake 
Huron from Lake Superior, a method of 
conveying the goods to and from tha 
North-west greatly more advantageous 
than the transport over Yonge street, 
as proposed by Mr. de Rocheblave. Tha 
Governor being convinced of the great 
benefit that would result to the province 
from that discovery, if advantage is tak^n 
of it, very anxiously encouraged me to 
undertake the performance of this inland 
navigation, for which purpose he offered 
to grant me a considerable spot of land 
at the outlet of the River Nen, in order 
that I might fix there at its proper 
time a harbour for the vessels coming 
from the lake, to establish a landing 
and erect the necessary buildings for the 
reception of the grods to be shipped there 
for the North-west trade, and for the 
present and future inhabitants of that 
district. A great part of my lands lying 
along the River Nen, the Governor knew 
perfectly well that, my interests being 
so closely connected with the public bene 
fit, it would not be difficult in persuading 
me to undertake this new enterprise. I 
consider that the enhancement of my 
land promised an adequate compensation 
for the expense and labour which it would 
cost me, and looked upon the land offered 
me by the Governor only as an absolutely 
necessary object and an additional ad 
vantage. I declared, therefore, to the 
Governor that if I should obtain the 
(proffered spot at the inouth of the River 
Nen for establishing the necessary com 
modities as above mentioned, I 
would without hesitation immedi 
ately go to the expense of mak 
ing that river navigable, from the 
lake to the uppermost end of my own 
lands, and that if afterwards I could 
agree with Government I would not de- 



20 



LANDMARKS OF TORONTO. 



eiat uutil by an uninterrupted inland 
navigation through Lake Simcoe I had 
connected Lake Ontario with Matchedash 
Bay in Lake Huron. In consequence of 
this declaration, so congenial with the 
sanguine views of the Governor, we came 
yery soon to the conclusion finally to 
settle this matter early in the ensuing 
spring, at which time the Governor pro 
mised to return to York from Oswe- 
gatchie, where he intended to pass the 
winter. During this time I continued to 
fix my settlers as comfortably as pos 
sible for the circumstances, although 
under great difficulties, and prepared 
hewn timber for a large frame house 
to be erected as soon as the ground 
should be free from frost and snow, at 
the very place where I had first met 
the river Nen, with a view that thia 
place should serve for an intermediate 
etop to the projected inland navigation. 
I took also care to establish settlers all 
along the river Nen throughout my tract 
of land, in order to facilitate the means 
for clearing it for navigation. At the 
eame time I began the building of a com- 
fortnble house and magazine in the town 
of York, and in my settlement on the 
riyer Don a saw-mill with a dwelling- 
house, in order that early in the spring 
my settlers might enjoy the facility of 
getting proper materials for building 
their houses, having erected only tempo 
rary huts for their first habitations dur 
ing the winter. 

In order to facilitate the settlement of 
Tonge street, I had also taken from Gov 
ernment a lot of land on the same about 
half-way between York and Gwillimbury, 
upon which I built a house and estab 
lished two Pennsylvania Germans, who 
had joined ine when I sent my people 
from Niagara over to York, one of which 
had a wife and seven children. 

Early in the spring of 1795 Governor 
Sdmcoe returned to York, and we con 
cluded our proposed scheme respecting 
the navigation of the river Nen, for which 
purpose I came with the Deputy Sur 
veyor of the district to my own house, 
where, having with him the map of the 
country, we agreed about the spot of 
land to be allotted to me at the mouth 
of the river, which he ordered the sur 
veyor to set apart for me, and having 
given me a location ticket for it, he 
urged me immediately to begin the clear 
ing of the river, the erecting of a wharf 
and of some buildings for a depository 
to store up goods which he landed there 
from the vessels coming across the lake, 
until they could be conveyed in boats 
upon the river. These buildings being, 
however, not of so immediate urgency, I 
preferred delay in erecting them until 
the possession of this spot should be con 



firmed by an Order-iu-Coimcil, and having 
communicated this objection to the Gov 
ernor, he found it but reasonable, the 
more as I promised to begin the clear 
ing of the river, which I began without 
delay a few days after the conclusion 
of our agreement. In the beginning of 
July, when I had already cleared the 
river so far that I could pass upon it 
for about 24 miles, from the lake up- 
I wards, with a boat of about a ton bur- 
I then, I went over to Niagara, where 
i the Governor was, for the purpose of ask- 
j ing by an Order-in-Couiicil, the 
j confirmation, first of the two town- 
I ships promised and set apart for me by 
| the Governor, when I acceeded to his 
i proposition to settle my people in the 
i rear of York, and at the same time to 
! take out the patent for the first grant of 
the G4,000 acres already settled, to which 
I considered myself fully entitled in con 
formity to the tenor of the proclamation 
ispued in the King s name on the 7th 
February, 1792 (a), and more especially 
in consequence of which is expressed under 
article the fifth, viz., that six months 
after the settlers should have received 
the warrant of survey a patent should 
follow if desired, and twelve months hav 
ing elapsed since I received the warrant 
of survey. 

On my arrival at Niagara I communi 
cated to the Governor the three objects 
which had induced me to come there, 
which he highly approved, but there being 
at that time not a sufficient number of 
the members of the Executive Council 
present to form a quorum, he advised 
me in the interim to present to the sur 
veyor-general my location ticket for the 
lands on the river Nen, in order to re 
ceive of him a certificate after inspec 
tion of the maps and the protocols of his 
office, that the said lands were yet wn- 
located, and afterwards all the money 
requests should be settled at once before 
the Council, which he would call as soon 
as the absent members, whom he soon ex 
pected, should arrive. 

By the Surveyor-General s examination 
I learned shortly that the lands given me 
by the Governor on the River Nen were 
already granted in the greatest part to 
another person, two years before, and 
especially that part lying immediately at 
the outlet, which he proved by showing me 
his docket book. He proposed, however, 
another unlocated spot adjoining these 
lands, but considerably higher up on the 
river. I observed to the Governor on this 
subject that I could decide nothing until 
I had examined the depth of the river 
where it ran through the tract of land 
now proposed, as it would not answer my 
purpose if this depth should not be suf 
ficient to admit the entry of the vessels 



LANDMARKS OF TORONTO. 



21 



from the lake, but at the same time I de 
clared that if this obstacle should be in j 
the way I would readily accept this ex 
change, hi order that the execution of , 
our plans, for the navigation of Lake Sim- I 
coe, might not be obstructed, the more | 
ae there remained to me some reasonable : 
expectation to purchase the former tract j 

from the original granter. 

** 

The River Ncn, spoken of in the fore 
going paper is now known as the Rouge. 
William Berczy, it is sad to say, was 
a great loser by his enterprise. He 
erected the first saw and grist mill in 
Tork County. They were built on lot 
4, third concession, and were known as 
the German Mills. 

The Gazetteer of 1799, in a note re 
ferring to Markham, speaks of its good 
mills, also of its "thriving settlement 
of Germans." 

Berczy left Upper Canada in 1799, and 
went to Montreal. Then a year or two 
later went back to the United States, 
where he died a disheartened man in 1813. . 

CHAPTER VI. 

CHARLES ROBERTSON S STORE, 

>oic Reminiscences of Ibe "Fifties" Some : 
Old Time Business Men The fast and the 
Present. 

Exactly opposite Toronto street, on the 
south side of King street, was erected 
in 1850 by Charles Robertson, jmuior, the 
store with d \velling home overhead repre 
sented in the engraving. Mr. Robertson 
was a Scotchman, a younger brother 
of John Robertson, the wholesale dry 
goods merchant on Yonge street, and when 
be had built this store, which was num 
bered 42 King street west, be opened 
it as a dry goods emporium, and there) 
carried on business lor many years. 
After ho retired he lived in Sharon. He 
dicd_iu 1871 and ..was buried in tha 
Necropolis. 

Next door west of Charles Robertson s 
place of business -was for many years 
in establishment in the same business 
conducted by a well known man, Samuel 
Heakes. About 1857 this business was 
given up, Mr. Heakes going elsewhere. 
His private residence was on Adelaide 
street, at that time (1850-56) a good 
residential quarter. He died in Toronto, 
at an adranced age, in 1891, leaving 
a large number of deeceadauts. : 

Below Mr. Robertson s, that is, to the 
*ast of it, was Thomas Haworth s hardV 
ware store, the sign of the circular saw, 
which hung suspended over King street, 
feeing as well known a? the Big Padlock 
of Kite Lewis was on the opposite side. 

TJiomafi Ha worth was a native of 



Rawtc-iBtall, Lancashire, England, 
where he was born in 1798. He came to 
Canada in 1825, and at first settled in 
Montreal, but shortly after his arrival 
removed to Brockville, whore he opened 
the first hardware store ever establish 
ed in that town. Tn 1835 he disposed of 
his Brockville business and came to To 
ronto, wher^ he at once commenced work 
as a retail har.lware dealer on the site 
now occupied by the restauniit on the 
western corner of Leader Lane and King 
street. The thoroughfare was in later 
years often spoken of and known as 
Post-office Ian3 from the fact that it 
was the direct route from Kin? street 
to the post-office. Mr. Haworth resided 
over his store nntil 1851, when he re 
moved to a dwelling house on the north 
side of Richmond street, near Church 
street. He continued to trade on King 
street nntil 1860, when the business was 
transferred to the corner of Yonge and 
Melinla streets. 

Mr. Haworth was 0113 of the promoters 
ani a member of the first board of di 
rector of the Bank of Toronto. He was 
also a member of the first Board of 
Trade and one of the original directors 
of the Western Insurance Company. He 
was an Anglican, an attendant during 
the whole of his resident in Toronto at 
St. James Cathedral. During the rebel 
lion of 1837 he was under arms and was 
oua of the force who inarched out to 
Montgomery s tavern. Mr. Haworth mar 
ried Frances Elliott, the daughter of a 
gentleman in the English civil service. 
By this marriage he had a large family, 
four eons and six daughters, all of whom 
it is somewhat singular to say arJ still 
alive (1895). Mrn. Hawcrih died in 1870 
aged 05. Her husband survived her un 
til 1878, when he too passed away after 
less than an hour s illness. He was in 
hfo 60th year. Both he and his wife were 
interred in St. James cemetery. 

Again, to the east, on the eastern corner 
of Leader Lane and King street, was the 
well-known store of Brewer & McPhail, 
stationers and booksellers. It was an ex 
ceedingly well-known place of business, 
and they were largely patronized by the 
boys attending the Model School, then 
(1850) on King street, a very little to 
the west, on the same side of the street 
where Government House now stan- s. 

The King street of the early fifties was 
a widely different spot to what it is in 
this, the autumn of 1895. Beyond Bay 
street on the w r est, and George street on 
the east there was scarcely a single 
place of business certainly not one in 
Che retail trade of any importance. Most 
of the store keeper*, though not quite all 
of them, lived over their places of busi- 



LANDMARKS OF TORONTO. 



" ****** 




CHARLES ROBERTSON S STORI:, BUILT 185). 



LANDMARKS OF TORONTO. 



nees. Excepting from Yonge street to 
Leader Lane ou the southern side of the 
street the sidewalks were of wood. In 
the one spot just particularized they 
were stone flagged, and the roadway was 
of macadam. There was 110 delivery of 
letters, each tradesman having to send 
to the post office to obtain those that 
came for him. Iron shutters aiid plate 
glass was almost unknown, the former 
had not been introduced at all, and the 
latter waa only just coming into use. Mr. 
Robertson s store created a decided 
change in the appearance of that portion 
of the street where it was situated. It 
was in a different style of architecture 
to any of its neighbours, and it was, be 
sides, almost, if not quite, the first at 
tempt that had been made to break 
through the monotonous plain brick fronts 
that had hitherto marked the appearance 
of the street. It was a building at once 
useful and ornamental, and when it was 
pulled down in 1894 by the Messrs. Catto 
to make room for an extension of their 
premises, it was, in most respects, in as 
good condition as when it was erected. 
After the store was vacated by Mr. Rob 
ertson it was occupied by J. G. Geikie, by 
Roll & Adam, and by Adam & Stevenson, 
all booksellers and stationers. 

Of ail those who were in business on 
the south side of King street in 1850, only 
four are now represented by men of the 
same name, members of the same family, 
and carrying on the same trade. 



CHANGES INJTONGE STREET. 

Hie Armstrong Foundry The Old-Time 
Tradespeople Modern Improvements 
Reminiscences of the Past. 

A very short time often suffices to 
make great changes in the appearance 
of certain localities. There are not 
many places in Toronto where the 
changes have been so great within a 
very brief period than in Youge street, 
on both sides of the road,, north of Ade 
laide street, as far as Queen street. 

Take for instance the north-east corner 
of Yonge and Richmond streets, compare 
its appearance in the latter end of 1895 
with what it was in 1888, only seven 
years earlier, and one is amazed at the 
transformation. The engravings given 
show the locality in 1888. Any reader of 
The Telegram knows what it is like now. 
True the Bay Horse Hotel is there, but 
it waa all but destroyed by the great 
fire of March, 1895, and has been pretty 
well re-built. The old store for men s 
underwear, with its Venetian jalousies, 
some of them, indeed, missing even then, 
has been razed to the ground, and so 



has the furniture warehouse which war. 
next door to it. Turning into Richmond 
street, the real estate agency of Mr. Bow- 
den, as well as the X. L. C. R. billiard 
rooms, are things of the past. So is the 
old City foundry, of which the proprietor 
for many years was J. R. Armstrong. Mr. 
Armstrong was in business there as far 
back as the early " forties," and few 
manufactories in the city were better 
known. He had his private residence for 
several years in one of the red brick 
houses on the south side of Queen street, 
about three doors from Church street. 
Later he removed to the eastern side of 
Jarvis street, living in a large stuccoed 
three-storey house, which, though alter 
ed since his time, is still standing. He 
still later removed to 88 D Arcy street, 
where he died about ten years since. 

On the corner of Richmond and Vic 
toria streets was a large frame build 
ing, latterly a cheap lodging house, but 
originally built for a hospital, and occu 
pied as such, it being the Lyiog-in Hos 
pital for a considerable number of years. 
It opened June lot, 184.8, and remained 
open until about 1860, when it was turn 
ed into a lodging-houee. Mrs. Jane Win 
ter was matron during a considerable 
portion of the time that the building was 
a hospital. In 1890 the Confederation 
Life Association acquired the whole of 
this locality, and levelling all the old 
houses, erected thereon the building 
which now adorns the site. 

Another vauished place is the tumble 
down frame building which stood at 170 
Yonge street, on the western side, be 
tween Richmond and Queen streets, next 
to the premises then occupied by Kent 
Bros., as jewellers. Edward II. Grant- 
ham kept a saloon in these premises, 
numbered 170 in 1861, but a few year 
later, about 1864, he opened them aa 
an oil and lamp store, and there contin 
ued in business until 1872, or possibly 
a very little later. Edward Grantham 
was the son of John Grantham, a native 
of Lincolnshire, England, who came to 
Toronto in the early part of 1836, and 
resided here, or in the immediate vicin 
ity, until his death, which occurred at hi* 
sou s residence, July 3, 1866. At a later 
date it was used as a rifle gallery, and 
also as a small stationer s shop. John 
Grogan, a well-kuo -rn boot and shoe 
dealer, had his store there during the 
" fifties," it being one house at th 
time. Of late it was constantly changing 
tenants, and is chiefly interesting from 
the fact that it remained standing, de 
spite the march of improvements, until 
1890. 

In two years the western side of Yong 
west, liai been altered over and ovef 
again. From, the north- west corner of 



24 



LANDMARKS OF TORONTO. 




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LANDMARKS OF TORONTO. 



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LANDMARKS OF TORONTO. 



Richmond and Youge streets to the jewel 
lery ahop of Messrs. Kent Eros., there 
kaa been little change, but passing that 
place of business, one cornea to the pal 
atial place of business erected 011 the site 
occupied by the old shooting gallery re 
ferred to earlier. Next to it again is a 
nevr building, and on the south- west cor 
ner of Yonge and Queen streets are the 
new premisses in course of erection for Mr. 
Robert Simpson. But it must not be sup 
posed that the present Simpson store su 
persedes the one pictured by the cut. It 
U the third first-class building for busi 
ness purposes that has been on the same 
place within the last two years. The 
stores shown in the engraving were taken 
down by Mr. Simpson less than two years 
ago, in the autumn of 1893 in fact, and 
quickly afterwards were larger and more 
commodious premises erected. These had 
only just been finished, everything was 
new and apparently in the best of order, 
when there came the great fire of March, 
1895, and Simpson s new store was a 
thing of the past. 

Forty years ago part of this corner was 
and had been for ten years occupied by 
James Leask, who dealt in groceries, 
wines, spirits and dry goods. At that 
time the shop on the actual corner itself 
was unoccupied. It was a very small, 
unimportant building. On the south-east 
corner was the warehouse of A. Mc- 
Glashan & Co., and over it the office of 
the Board of Agriculture. Years later 
this latter institution had its habitation 
on the north-west corner of Qeen and 
Yonge streets. 

In 1865 William Lyou Mackenzie waa 
editing and publishing the Weekly Mes 
senger, in the Elgin Buildings, 79 Yonge 
rtreet. Dodgson, Shields & Morton had 
a large grocery store on the southern. 
corner of Yonge and Temperance streets, 
and on the same side of the street, some 
two or three doors to the north of Queen 
street, was a tavern known as the Frank 
lin House, kept by one John Montgomery. 
To complete thw retrospect, let us glance 
at the occupants of the eastern side of 
the street, from King to Queen street. 
The Crown Lands office was at 46 1-2. It 
was the second house going north. Next 
to it was Green e, the gunmaker. Mr. 
Green was a noted character. He be 
came mail agent afterwards 0:1 the Allan 
line of steamers, and had the most exalted 
ideas of the importance of his office. 1 
He was a aealous officer, though, and 
did his work well. He was very fond of 
company and of joking. One of his stand 
ard ftoaets at dinners or suippers was 
this : 

"May those who are single soon marry, 
May those who are married be happy." 



Mr. Green died in Quebec in 1894. 

Hiram Piper was next door north o/ 
Green s. Who, that can carry their mem 
ories back for forty or fifty years, do not 
remember Piper s store ? It was a To 
ronto institution. Still further north was 
the Phoenix foundry of John McGee, and 
a little further on the booksellers store 
of J. C. Geikie. Crowing Adelaide street, 
on the northern corner was the hardware 
store of S. Shaw & Sons, noted for their 
axes. Then a number of small stores, 
chiefly devoted to the sale of boots and 
shoes, and at No. 92 the Bay Horse Inn, 
kept by Thomas Best. That house in 
those days was a great resort for farm 
ers from Toronto Township and Hogg s 
Hollow, as many as forty horses often 
being stabled at Best s in one day. 
the south-east corner of Richmond and 
Yonge streets was Shapter & Confbe * 
drug store, and exactly opposite F. Beth- 
ell s grocery store. Samuel Thompson kept 
the Globe Hotel at No. 118, and the re 
maining occupants up to Queen street 
were but sma.ll dealers. In Yonge street, 
as everywhere else, scarcely any of tbe 
old-time firms are now represented. Only 
j one remains in that part of the itreet 
with which this sketch deals. 



CHAPTER ViflT 
BARTHOLOMEW BULL S HOUSE- 

The First Brick Hou.se Greeted In the Town 
ship of York Those Who IMamied Built 
and Dwelt In It. 

Just outside the city limits a Jittle 
north of Davenport Road, and at no very 
great distance from the station of the 
same nmie on the Northern, now Grand 
Trunk Railway, stood for more 
than fifty years, a substantial brick 
house, the first of that material ever 
erected in York township, and for forty- 
eight years the home of ons of the 
pionaers of the township, Bartholomew, 
or, as he was more popularly knowiv 
Bartley Bull. 

Spring Mount, for so the residence was 
named, was erected by Mr. Bull in the 

i year 1830, an l there was no other brick 

j house near it for many a year after 
wards. Aikenshaw, the Thomson resi- 

I dence, some two miles to the west, was 
not built until 1844, and George Cooper s 
mansion overlooking Davenport station, 

I was much later still. 

Thomas Metcalfe, of Toronto, was the 
builder of the house, he tioijig all the 
brick work. George H. White supplied 
the carpentering and wood work, and 
Gilbert Pearcey did the painting. Each of 
these tradesmen were well known to 
Torontouians of that period, and some 
of Gilbert Pearcey s descendants uowr 
live in or near the city. 



LANDMARKS OF TORONTO. 










GRAXTHAM S, YOXGK STUKKT, 1860. 



LANDMARKS OF TORONTO. 



Bartholomew Bull waa born in Ireland. 
in County Tjpperary, ou August 17th, 
1YU1. He wa educated and epeiit the 
early years of his life iu Ireland, leaving 
there for Canicla iu 1S18. Ou arriving 
in this country he settled near York and 
commenced fariniug and in 1830 erected 
the house already spoken of. One who 
knew him well writes : "Mr. Bull was 
well and widely known to almost every 
early settler in the County of York, as 
a man o! character, industry and integ 
rity. No name was more familiar than 
that of Bartley Bull." 



CHAPTER IX. 
PROVINCIAL LUNATIC ASYLUN.. 

The Laying of the Corner Stone Watties of 
the Commissioners Opening and Descrip 
tion of the Various Apartments. 

Though now surrounded by house? on 
all sides, and, if one takes the street 
cars, within n easy twenty minutes ride 
from Yonge street, the massive and 
familiar building on Queen street west, 
occupied for nearly fifty years as the 
Provincial Lunatic Asylum, was, when 
erected, wholly in the country. It waa 




SPRING MOUNT, DAVENPORT. 



Mr. Bull waa a member of the Metho 
dist body and did all that he could both 
in working and by donations from his 
means to further the progress of that 
denomination. It is chiefly owing to the 
exertions of Bartholomew Bull and Geo. 
Copper that the Methodist body have ob 
tained such a strong hold upon the peo 
ple residing in or near Davenport. 

Mr. Bull died in 1878, having passed 
his eighty -seventh birthday. One of his 
sons holds an official position in . the 
county, and other of his descendants are 
living in various portions of the pro 
vince. Spring Mount has been taken 
down- 



in 1S4G that the building was commenced, 
the corner stone being laid by Chief Jus 
tice Robinson with becoming ceremonial, 
on Saturday, August 22, 1846. 

Before gbing the particular* of that 
event, let a retrospective glance be 
taken at the neighbourhood of the asylum 
as it was half a. century since, that it, in 
1845. The old homestead of the Shaw 
family, a little to the north-east, waa 
then the residence of Captain Alexander 
Sha-w, he farming some fifty acres 
surrounding the house. The Girins* house 
was a little to the west of Oak Hill, and 
with the exception of a few houses on 
Queen street, one of which was a well 



LANDMARKS OF TORONTO. 



known tavern, called the Blue Bell 
afterwards destroyed by fire another 
tavern on the eastern corner of Queeii 
aad Dundas streets, and Mr. Feunings 
Taylor s residence on the western cor 
ner, the whol of the reat of the land 
was either uncleared or cultivated as 
farms or gardens. Trinity College was 
not built, not even thought of, and there 
was no school, church or chapel within 
several miles north or east, and only a 
small place of worship belonging to the 
Methodists about a mile to the west. 
It is unnecessary in this chapter to refer 
to any of the families that have just 
been mentioned; they have all been spoken 
of elsewhere and hill details given re 
specting them. 

The morning of August 22nd, 1846, was 
dull and threatening, and it was feared 
that the day s proceedings would be seri 
ously interfered with by the weather; 
but it cleared up, and about two o clock 
the various bodies who were to take part 
in the day s proceedings began to a- 
t enable at the old Government Howe, on 
Kiag street west. Mr. R. L. Denison act 
ing as marshal. First came the band 
of the 81st Regiment, then stationed at 
the Old Fort; then the fire companies, 
followed by the members of the St. 
George s, St. Andrew s and St. Patrick s 
Societies, *ch society bearing its own 
banner. Then came the Home District 
nnd the City Councils, the Chief Justice 
and judges, the Oddfellows and a large 
number of citizens. 

On arrival at the grounds the com- 
pay proceeded to the north-eastern cor 
ner of the building. The architect, Mr. 
J. Q. Howard, then placed in a cavity 
lD|f ath the stone a copy of RowseU a 
almanac for 1846, Brown s City Direc 
tory, a copy of the last issue of the 
<5*ty daily papers, and the following 
coins, a sovereign, half-sovereign, crown, 
half-crown, shilling, sixpence, four- 
penny piece, penny and half-penny of the 
Victorian era, two old penny piecea, a 
billing each of George n. and George 
III., also a written account of the mid 
summer examinations at Upper Canada 
College hx 1846, and two engravings of 
Dr. Strachan s old school house at Corn 
wall. 

Upon a plate which covered the cavity 
was engraved as follows : 

THIS CORNER STONE 

OF THB FIRST BUILDING ERECTED IN WESTERN 
CANADA FOB THE RECEPTION OF 

INSANE AND LUNATIC PERSONS, 
WAS LAID BY 

THB HONORABLE JOHN BEVERLEY ROBIN- 
SOW, CHIEF JUSTICE OF THE PROVINCE 
OF ; UPPER CANADA. 

The inscription was a very long one 



and gave full particulars of who laid 
the stone, who were present, wfth the 
names of the commissioners, architect, 
builder and secretary. Even the name of 
the marshal of the day was engraved on 
the plate. 

The Commissioners were : Vice-Chan 
cellor Robert Sympson Jameson, Hamil 
ton Hartley Killaly, Henry Sherwood^ 
Q. C., M. P. P., Christopher Widmer, M.D., 
| John King, M. D., John Ewart Innea, 
Grant Chewitt, William Henry Boulton, 
M. P. P., Mayor of Toronto for 1846, 
William R, Beaumont, M. D., F. R. C. S., 
England, and William Botsford Jarvie, 
Sheriff of the Home district. 

Architect, John G. Howard. 

Builder, John Ritchey. 

Secretary to the Commissioners, Chas. 
Daly. 

A silver trowel was presented to the 
Chief Justice by Mr. J. G. Howard, which 
bore on it an inscription stating that it 
was the gift of the Commissioners for 
erecting the building. The Chief Jwtiee 
duly laid the stons and then delivered 
an address to the company. After that 
was concluded the band played " Rule 
Britannia" and the assembly dispersed. 

The building was opened in June, 1848, 
and contained in all apartments tor 204 
patients. Males were on the west and 
females OB the east. In the basement 
there were the larders aad dairies, all 
the necessary offices and dormitories for 
20 male and 20 female patients* 

FIBST FLOOR ABOVE THK BA8KMKNT 

were verandahs, rooms for four patients 
with separate attendants, dormitories for 
36 patients, dining rooms, etc., and sep 
arate sleeping rooms for 20 patients, be 
sides parlours for convalescent mate and 
female patients. Then there was the 
matron s chamber and private room, witi 
similar apartments for the house steward 
ad the assistant physician. 

In the principal and in the upper 
storey the accommodation was precisely 
similar to that on the first floor, with 
this addition, that there was a hall room 
and accommodation for 10 paying patients 
each, male and female. la the vipper 
storey of 

TUB CENTRB BUILDING 

were the Anglican and the Roman Catho 
lic chapels and a chapel which was to 
be common to all denominations, anatomi 
cal room and museum attached, room 
for working patients, ten separate sleep 
ing rooms and two large dormitories- 
for two patients each. 

The dome of the asylum was covereti 
at first with bright tin, and it was 
possible on a clear, sunshiny afternoon 
to see the glittering torwer from OakvilH, 



LANDMARKS -OF TORONTO. 




a 

D 

J 

t* 

CO 



LANDMARKS OF TORONTO. 



81 



more thaa twenty miles dis 
tant 

In concluding this article, cue amusing 
t-tory may be told in connection with the 
Lunatic Asylum. It is this : A second 
hand bookseller in Albany, N.Y., published 
H catalogue of bis wares, and in a foot 
note to the list of Canadian books re 
marked "that it appeared that the prin 
cipal building in Upper Canada was for 
the reception of lunatics, something which 
was wll suited to the inhabitants." 

Kind of the bookseller; flattering to 



CHAPTER X. 
KNOXJCOLLEGE. 

Tfce *rigiM of the College-- It* Klse and Fro 
greM Cone of I he KarHer PiwtMMM HM 
BnllrftKg* wblr.h Have Been Occupied. 

In 1843, just 52 years since, occurred in 
the Church of Scotland what is alwajp 
pokea of now as the "disruption." In 
that year, owing to the vexed question 
of patronage, a great number of the 
clergy as well a of the laity belonging 
to the established Church of Scotland se 
ceded from that body and formed them 
selves into what has been known ever 
tincc in Great Britain as the Free Church 
of Scotland. 

This division unhappily wae not confin 
ed to Scotland, but soon spread to the 
colonies. A considerable number of the 
attendants at Old St. Andrew s Church. 
situated at the eouth-weet corner of 
Church and Adelaide streets, sympathized 
with their seceding brethren at home, and 
resolved to form themselves into a Free 
Church in this country. They did GO, and 
Kuox Church was one of the results of 
thfe movement. They went further than 
this, for they thought it necessary to found 
a theological college, wherein might be 
instructed young men desirous of becom- 
ig ministers in Presbyterian pulpits. 
though not necessarily in those of the Free 
Church exclusively. 

Knox College was instituted in 1844, at 
a meeting held on October 14th, of the 
Presbyterian Church in Canada. At that 
meeting it was resolved to appoint pro- 
fee^ors of divinity, literature and science, 
these professors to have their residences 
in Toronto. 

The Rev. Andrew King, who had c<-.*u* 
oat of this coumtry as a delegate from 
the Free Church of Scotland, was ap 
pointed professor of divinity pro tern, 
while the Rev. Henry Esson, of St. Gab- 
liel street church, Montreal, was the first 
professor of literature and science. The 
classes met kt a small room adjoining 
Mr. Bason s house on James Btreet, not 
far from where now stands Holy Trinity 
church. 



In the first session there were 
j fourteen students, five of whom had al- 
i ready commenced their studies at Queen s 
! College, Kingston, prior to the disruption. 
| At the same meeting Dr. Robert Burns, 
I of Paisley, who was the first minister of 
j Knox church, was appointed professor of 
theology, the appointment being subject 
to any contingency arising from the 
synod resolving at some future time to 
; separate the offices of professor au.d pas- 
! tor. 

In 1845 the appointments o! Dr. Burns 
and Professor Essoii were confirmed. 

In 1846 a committee was appointed by 
the synod to consider what means should 
be adopted to place the institution on a 
more extended and efficient basis, and 
they appointed a committee, whose duty 
j it was to consider whether it was de- 
| sirable to incorporate the college, what 
name it should bear, how many professors 
should be engaged, and what should be 
be done towards erecting a suitable build 
ing for the establishiQeBt of an academy 
for the training of young men, and also 
to consider if it was accessary to build 
a toardiag house for the students. In due 
course the committee reported that the 
college should be ca^ed Knox College, 
and that steps should, be taken to estab 
lish an academy or hi^h school. This lat 
ter came inlo being in the course of a 
year, under the superintendence of the 
Rev. A. Gale, M.A., formerly of Hamilton, 
who had as his assistants the Rev. T. 
; Watman and Mr. T. Hemiing. Nothing 
was done towards erecting buildings, but 
both college and high school were removed 
to Ontario Terrace, on the same spot 
where now, improved and enlarged, stands 
the Queen s Hotel. 

In 1847 the professorship of theology 
in Knox College was separated from th 
incumbency of Knox Church. This was riot 
that any fault wae fouad with Dr. Buasttp 

UL ttluc iue iucretitiUi3 uuauj^ u_ yu^u* 
required the undivided services of tfcs fel* 
son holding the chair. The result of this 
resolution was that the Rev. M. Willis, 
D.D., was appointed in place of Dr. Burns, 
and he fMled the office with satisfaction to 
! everybody for 23 years. 

In 1853 died Prof. Esson. He was suc- 
i ceeded by the Rev. George Paxton Young, 
j of Kuox Church, Hamilton. 

In 1854 it bociime necessary to remov 
from the premises the college occupied 
on Ontario terrace, and ELrnsley villa, 
on Yoige street, once occupied by the 
;Earl of Elgin, when be was Governor- 
i General of Canada, was purchased, and 
the necessary alterations made. Ti^e 
! Central Presbyterian church now oc- 
cupiets the site (1806). 

In 185H the Synod augmented the staff 



32 



LANDMARKS OF TORONTO. 



by appointing an additional professor in 
the person of the Rev. Dr. Burns, who 
was to lecture on church, history and 
evidence. Prof. Gale retired, dying al 
most immediately afterwards in the 
summer of 1854. He was succeeded by 
the Rev. John Laing, and afterwards by 
Mr. James Smith. 



special subjects at Kuox Callage 
been the Rev. Dr. Ure. of Gode*ib ; the 
Rev. Dr. Proadfoot, of London ; the Rev. 
Dr. Inglis, of Hamilton, afterwards of 
Brooklyn, and th Rev. Dr. Topp. Dr. 
Willis resigned his professorship in 1370, 
and in the following year Dr. D. Inglia 
was appointed to succeed him. Dr. Inglis 




O> 
00 



fl 



H 

Q 

a 



o 

D 



Prof. Young resigned in 1864, and the 

Rev, Wm. Gaven was in 1866 appointed 

to the professorship of exegetical theo- 

lofTJ- In the interval lectures had 

been delivered by the Rev. W. Gregg, 

of Cook s church, and also by Prof. Caven. 

Among others who have lectured on 



held the chair for one year, and waa ia 
turn succeeded by the Rev. Wm. McLaren. 
It must be clearly understood that 
Knox College is a purely theological in 
stitution, and has no power of couf er 
ring academical degrees, such as is pos 
sessed by Trinity and Toronto Uaiver- 



LANDMARKS OF TORONTO. 



S3 



rfties. It was incorporated in 1858, and 
hue since been affiliated with the To 
ronto University, as is the Anglican 
Theological College, at no great dis- 
t.in-ce from it, known as Wycliffe. 

In 1875 the college removed from Gros- 
venor street to the handsome pile oi 
buildings erected in Spadina crescent. 
These buildings cost about $100,000. They 
are as commodious as they are hand 
some, and have ample class rooms, chapel, 
library and students rooms. From 80 
to 90 students can be comfortably accom 
modated. 

Among othens who have done good work 
at Knox College may be mentioned the 
Rev. William Rintoul, who was professor 
of Hebrew, while the Rev. William Lyall, 
in 1849 and 1850, rendered important 
services to the college as professor of 
literature and mental training. The 
staff of the college on January 1st, 1895, 
was as follows ; Chairman, W. M. Clark, 
M.A. Professor* : Exegitics, Rev. Prin 
cipal Caven, D.D.; Church History, Rev. 
W. Gregg, D.D.; Systematic Theology, 
Rev. W. McLaren, D.D.; Apologetics, Rev. 
R, T. Thomas, M.A., B.D.; Homiletics and 
Pastoral Theology, Rev. J. A. Proudfoot, 
D.D.; Oriental Languages, Rev. J. F. 
McCmrdy, Ph.D.; Elocution, A. C. Moun- 
teer, Esq., B.E.; Tutor, George Logic, 
B.A.; Librarian, Rev. W. A. J. Martin. 

The Principal and Chairman are the 
representatives of the college OH the 
Senate ol Toronto University. 



LACHES SCHOOLS OF OLD. 

Rovae Um JBisccnces of the Ladies* Schools, 
f Those who Kept and of Those who At 
tended Them. 

Situated on Grange avenue, just east 
f the Grange, stood for many years a 
house, the occupants of which have play 
ed a by no meaiffi unimportant part in 
Toronto history. " Pinehurst," for so the 
house was called, can be seen from the 
engraving to have been a substantial 
and commodious building, well suited for 
a large establishment of any kind. The 
bouse itself was btiilt by Mr. Clarke 
Gamble, Q.C., about 1840, and was his 
home for about ten years, when he re 
moved to Holland House. Mr. J. G. How 
ard was the architect. In 1850 Monsieur 
and Madame Dee-Landes rented Pine- 
hurst from Mr. Gamble, and opened it a* 
a ladies school, continuing there, having 
a large and fashionable clientele, until 
1853, when they were succeeded by one 
of the most accomplished schoolmistresses 
and charming of women, Mrs. Forster. 

Mrs. Forster had been the wife of an 
English army officer, and she was the 



daughter of a Mr. Smith, who resided 
in, one of the northern suburbs of London, 
England, where Mrs. Forster was born. 
The Rev. Thomas Smith Kennedy, former 
ly secretary of the Toronto Churcii 
Society, was a first cousin of Mre. Fpr- 
ster, and on most intimate terms with 
her. Mr. Kennedy died nearly thirty 
years ago. 

From 1853 until 1866 did Mrs. Forater s 
school flourish, and probably no one who 
ever acted as schoolmistress was more 
liked by her pupite and more respected 
by their guardians. In 1866 Mrs. Por- 
ster s health broke down utterly anil 
completely, and she was compelled to re 
linquish her duties ; she was followed by 
another lady of a different name, in an 
other locality. For many years MTB. 
Forster was a chronic invalid, but sur 
vived until May, 1876, when she passed 
away. She was buried in St. Jams 
cemetery. When at Pinehorst Mrs. For 
ster was, with her entourage, a prom 
inent figure in St. George s church, being 
a great friend of the rector and of inairy 
of those who formed the congregation. 

Among many other prominent Canadian 
families whose daughters were educated 
at Pinehurst may be mentioned the Cum- 
mings, of Chippewa, the Fullers of Niag 
ara, the O Reillys of Hamiltoa, the Law- 
rasons f London, the BeUs of Cariton 
Place, and the Bettridges of Woodstock. 
Ot Toronto families there were, of course, 
many representatives* Pinehurst was 
pulled down about nine years ago to 
make way for the exteneion of McCanl 
street to College street. 

MISS MACN ALLY S SCHOOL. 
This establishment was on the norti 
side of Wellington street, in the Uvrge 
brick house, etill standing, east of Emily 
street. Rev. Michael WiHis, D.D., prin 
cipal of Knox College in 1866, lived next 
door. The school was kept by Misa Mae- 
Nally, a. Dublin lady, assisted by her 
three sisters, though Miss MacNally was 
the lady who was at the head oi the 
establishment and who exercised entire 
control over everything. It was in 1846 
or 1846 that the school was commenced, 
and it was carried on by these ladies for 
about twelve years, until Miss Mac- 
Nally s marriage with Mr. John Boyd, 
the sometime principal of the once fam 
ous school on Bay street. Miss Mac 
Nally was one of the most accomplished 
of linguists, speaking French, German and 
Spanish with equal facility, and it WM 
her invariable practice to address the 
various professors of these languages who 
taught in her school in their own tongue. 
Among Miss MacNally s pupil* were mem 
bers of the Gordon, Blake and Thomson 
families, of Toronto, also some of the 



LANDMARKS OF TORONTO. 



Fullers, id Niagara, and the Hamiltons, 
of the aame place, besides daughters of 
the Widder aiid McGaw families from To 
ronto and its immediate vicinity respect 
ively. 

MISS MACARTNEY S SCHOOL. 
Another well known ladies school was 
that at 325 King street -west, on the 
south side, in the most westerly of the 
block of three-storey brick houses on the 
south side, near John street. Miss Mac 
artney was the lady principal, and 
reigned there as such lor about six 
years, from 1854. Representatives of 
the* Macklem family, of Chippewa, the 
Granges, of Guelph; the Hodders, of To 
ronto; the Hurds, of the same place; the 
Hardiiigs, of Napanee; the Deuisons, of 
Dovercourt road and of Rusholme; the 



Mr. M. C. CrombLe, a former bead master 
of the Home District Grammar schcl 
on Nelson street. 

Mre. Crombie s school was on Georgo 
! street, in th3 northern of the two old- 
fashioned three-storey brisk houses oil the 
east side of th-3 street, in 1855, 28, now 
No 111. 

Mrs. Crombie -was assisted by two of 
her scur? and a daughter, and had a 
large number oi_ pupils. Among tham may 
be mentioned Toronto s chief of police 
in 1895, Mr. F. B. Cumberland, and one 
or two more equally pro*nm9nt citiseus. 

Next door south ol Mrs, Cromibie lired 
for eome years Mr. Robert Manners, a 
professional man, who was a scion ol 
the famous ducal family of Manner, th 
Dukes of Rutland, 




MRS. CROMBIE S HOI;SE ON GEORGE STREET. 



Berthous and the Hollands, also of To 
ronto, besides many more from various 
parts of the province, were educated 
there. Miss Macartney was the second 
daughter of an English officer, and her 
school was an exceedingly popular one. 
Later Miss Macartney married, and as 
Mr*. Nixon was the principal of a school 
in connection with the Anglican body. 
Some years since she retired from schol 
astic work, and is affectionately remem 
bered by all her old pupils. 

MRS. (/no MUTE S SCHOOL. 
Yet another old-time scholastic estab- 
liribment was that for small boys and 
kept by Mrs. Ciombie, wioVxw ol 



The two houses, of which drawings are 
given, are interesting as being among 
Toronto s earliest brick buildings. They 
were built on land leased from Sir Wil 
liam Campbell in 1829 by fcaac Perry, 
a blacksmith, and forty years ago were 
fashionable residences. They are roomy 
and capacious still, but people prefer 
who rent houses as large as they are to 
live west or north and not so much in 
the city. The two houses sketched were 
of respectable age when most of To 
ronto s present inhabitants were in their 
cradles, and though old-fashioned are 
likely to last for many years to comet 



LANDMARKS OF TORONTO. 



CHAPTER XII. 
TWO FRONT SJ_REET TAVERN& 

The Hou*e OB the Ksplanadc Kept by John 
BrU The Old Re*rne Inn and UK I anons 
Signboard. 

About 1861 was erected on the Esplan 
ade, at the foot of Simcoe street, on the 
very edge of the bay, the hotel known for 
eome time as Betz s, and kept by a Ger 
man named John Beti, from 1861 until 
the situation was required to build the 
Union Siatiou in 1872. The house was 
then removed en bloc to the north-west 
corner of York and Wellington street*) 



The subject was the rescue of her in 
fant by a. mother from the nest of son* 
ewonaous eagles in a rocky pass at the 
head o! same apparently inacceBsibi* 
mountains. How the woman had climbed 
the mountains was a mystery, and how 
ehe was going to descend them was even 
more mysterious still. But the sign serv 
ed one good purpose, at any rate, and 
that, as far as the proprietor was com- 
cerned, was the chief one, it drew atten 
tion to the house and custom to its pro 
prietor. So long as the Rescue was in 
existence it was a favourite resort for 
the troops stationed at the Old and New 



. cC^S^&M^ 




BETZ S HOTEJU, ESPLANADE, FOOT OF SIMCOE STREET. 



where it still remains, altered somewhat, 
but substantially the same as when it 
stood on the bay front. In a few years 
time there will be no houses left that are 
capable of being moved from street td 
street, and the story of Betz s Hotel is in 
teresting, from the fact that it was one 
of the largest houses ever so removed. 

Another well-known Front street tavern, 
at no very great distance, was the Res- 
ewe Inn, a little to the east of the foot 
of Bathurst street, kept m the fifties by 
Mrs. Hickman, The moft noticeable feat 
ure in connection with the Rescue tav 
ern waa its conspicuous signboard, which 
was noticeable not only for its great size, 
but for the wonderful and sensational 
style of its drawing. 



j Forts, and It was always the first plae* 
| a picquet made for when soldiers wers 
j reported as being absent from "tattoo." 
, Like so many more of the o d time places, 

this inn long since disappeared, and is 
j now (1895) only remembered by those 
I who lived in or had business association* 

with the neighbourhood. 

~CHA:PTE~R~XIIL 
THE NORMAL SCHOOL 

History writs Foundation and ofThoe Who 
Were Concerned Therein The Krltr 
Rnlldingg and the Present Ones. 

In 1839 a commission was appointed 
by the Government of the day to en 
quire into the state of education ia the 



LANDMARKS OF TORONTO. 



province of Upper Canada, the commis 
sioners for the purpose being the Rev. 
John McCaul, D,. D., Principal of Upper 
Canada College ; Rev. Henry James 
Graeitt, at that time assistant minister 
of St. James church, afterwards rector, 
and latterly Anglican Dean of Toronto, 
and Samuel Bealey Harrison, Esq., who 
Jn after years was so well known as one 
of the county judges. Mr. James Hop- 
kirk was the secretary. , 

The report issued by this commission 
was a meet exhaustive one. They re 
viewed the whole course of legislation 
that had been adopted from 1797 to 
1833, giving extracts from the several 
Acts of Parliament passed in the years 
1807, 1808, 1816, 1819 and 1833, this 
last year being the final one in which 
any legislation had been attempted on 
the subject prior to the issuing of the 
commission. 

Respecting the District Grammar 
chooLs which had been established un 
der the Act of 1807, they recommended 
that there should be uniformity as re- 
garde the system, that all teachers should 
pass an examination as to their 
fitness (the state of education 
in the province can be imagined 
when it was necessary to make such a 
.recommendation), that where the num 
ber of pupils in each school exceeded 30 
an assistant should be engaged, that all 
school houses should be built on a uni 
form plan, that there should be a cer 
tain number of free pupils, and that all 
schools should be systematically in 
spected. 

Respecting Model schools they also 
made many recommendations for their 
Improvement in the system of study and 
the subjects to be taught. 

Regarding Normal schools the report 
wa most emphatic. "No plan of educa 
tion can be efficiently carried out with 
out the establishment of schools for the 
training of teachers," and their recom 
mendation was that the Central school 
in Toronto should be a. Normal school, 
with othera to be added as occasion 
might require. 

Tlhe commLssiianerH invited opinions from 
imany of the leading men of the day on 
the question of schools and their teach 
ers, and it is worth while to giv brief 
wrtracts from the replies of some oS 
those who were consulted, Mahloa Bur- 
well wrote : "I cannot conceive anything 
more wanting in efficiency than our 
present system for common school edu 
cation." Rev. Robert Murray, who was 
the first Superintendent of Education for 
Upper Canada, wrote, describing it as, 
"Tihe present wretched system of edu 
cation." Then, suggesting a remedy, he 
continued : "It appears absolutely neces 



, to ensure the efficiency of a sys 
tem, that men of education, who them 
selves have had large experience iu the 
education of youth, should be appointed 
to superintend the whole system." 

Bishop Strachau, speaking of the bill 
drawn up by Mr. MaMoa Burwell, who*e 
opinion has just been quoted, said : "The 
Common School Bill drawn up by Mr. 
Burwcll appears to be an able perform 
ance. * * It is based on true prin 
ciples." 

The last opinion that it is necessarr 
to quote is that of the Hon. P. B. Ite 
Blaquiere. He was even more emph-ati-a 
than was Mr. Burwell, saying : " The 
j present condition of teachers is truly 
wretched, and reflects great disgrace upon 
the nation." 

This wan the state of educational mat 
ters when Upper and Lower Canada be 
came united in 1840. Lord Sydeuham, in 
his speech to the first Parliament, called 
together in Kingston after the union, thus 
expressed himself : 

"A due provision for the education of 
the people is one of the first duties of 
the State, and, in this province especi 
ally, the want of it is grievously felt. 
The establishment of an efficient system, 
by wlii-eh the blessings of instruction may 
be placed within the reach of all, is a 
work of diffk-ulty, but its overwhelming! 
importance demands that it should be 
nudertaJieu. I recommend the consider 
ation of that subject to your best at 
tention, and I shall be most anxious 
to afford you, in your labours, all the co 
operation in my power. If it should 
be found impossible so to reconcile con 
flicting opinions as to obtain a measure, 
which may meet the approbation of all, 
I trust that, at least, steps .may be 
taken by which an advance to a more 
perfect system may be made, and the 
difficulty under which the people of this 
3*ovince now labour may be greatly dim- 
mished, subject to *uch imiproTeene&tfl 
Ihetmafter as time and experience may 
point out." 

A School Act was passed the same ses 
sion, applicable to both provinces, only to 
be repealed in 1843 as being wholly un 
workable in the lower province, and sep 
arate acts were passed for each province, 
and on them was impl auted a scheme to 
apply to both Upper and Lower Canada 
for public and common schools, with a 
monetary appropriation of 50,000, or 
$200,000, in aid of their support. 

In a letter to Mr. I. G. Hodgius, of 
Toronto, the Hon. Isaac Buchanan, writ 
ing under date April llth, 1882, thus 
tells how it caone about that such a very 
large sum was obtained from the public 
exchequer. He wrote : 



LANDMARKS OF TORONTO. 



37 




38 



LANDMARKS OF TORONTO. 



** This first attempt of miae to get an 
endowment for education (out of the 
clergy reserve fund) failed, as there was 
no responsible government then. But fire 
years afterwards, when my election for 
Toronto had carried responsible govern 
ment, aad before the first Parliament 
met, I wa talking to the Governor-Gen 
eral (C. Poulett Thompson, Lord Syden- 
Itam). He leit under considerable obliga 
tion to me for standing in the breach 
when Mr. Robert Baldwin found that he 
eould not succeed iu carrying Toronto. 
He spoke of Canada as a drag upon the 
mother country. I replied warmly, for 
I felt sure (as I told him) that if we were 
allowed to throw the affairs of tbe pro 
vince into regular books . . . we won Id 
how a surplus over expenditure. His 
Excellency agreed to my proposal, and I 
stipulated that, if we showed a yearly 
urplus, one -half would ,be given as an 
endowment for an educational system, 
Happily, we found that Upper Canada 
had a surplus revenue of about 100,000 
($400,000) one half of which the Parlia 
ment of 1841 laid aside for education, the 
law stipulating that every district coun 
cil getting a share of it would tax locally 
for as much more, and this constituted the 
fund of your educational system." 

In the early days of the Education De 
partment the office was little more than 
an appanage of the Provincial Secretary s 
Department in Kingston, the then capi 
tal. The first office opened in Toronto 
was in Bay street, on the west side, 
north of Front street, now No. 68. 

In 1844 the office was removed to Co- 
bourg. In 1846 it was again brought 
back to Toronto, to its old quarters in 
Bay street, and in 1849 it was in the 
Albany Chambers, 011 the south side of 
King street, west of York street, now 
known as the Revere buildings. In 1852 
it was removed to the present Normal 
School. 

The Rev. Robert Murray was appointed 
Superintendent of Education for Upper 
Canada, May llth, 1842, and he was 
succeeded by the Rev. Egerton Ryerson 
on October 18th, 1844. 

The first Council of Public Instruction 
was appointed in 1846. Their names 
were as follows : Rev. Egerton Ryerson, 
D.D., Chief Superintendent of Schools ; 
Right Rev. Michael Power, D.D., Roman 
Catholic Bishop of Toronto ; Rev. Henry 
James Grasett, M.A., Rector of Toronto ; 
Hon. Samuel Bealey Harrison, Q.C., 
County York Judge ; Joseph Cur ran Mor 
rison, Q.C., M.P.P.; Hugh Scobie, Esq., 
of the British Colonist ; James Scott 
Howard, Esq., County Treasurer. 

In 1850 two additional members were 
added to the commission. They were 



Rev. Adam Lillie, D.D., a Congregational 
mmister, who was, though, anything but 
a " sectarian," being a man of very wide 
sympathies, and Rev. John Jennings, a 
well known Presbyterian preacher. 

The first Normal School was on King 
street west, in the old Government House, 
the stables of which were fitted up as 
a Model School. In 1849, when the Gov 
ernment returned to Toronto the Nor 
mal School was removed to the Tem 
perance Hall, on Temperance street, and 
in 1852 removed to the present buildings 
in St. James square. 

The corner stone of the existing Normal 
School was laid -with great ceremony by 
the Governor-General, the Earl of Elgin 
and Kincardine, on July 2nd, 1851. The 
71st Regiment, then stationed in To 
ronto, furnished a guard of honour. 
Amongst tho.-se present were the Anglican 
and Roman Catholic Bishops of Toronto, 
Colonel Sir He\v Dalrymple, Rev. H. J. 
Grasett, Dr. Ryersou, and a great many 
more. 

The stone bore the following inscrip 
tion: 

"This Institution, Erected by the En 
lightened Liberality of Parliament, is de 
signed for the instruction and training of 
School Teachers up on Christian Prin 
ciples." 

Lord Elgin s address was a nota{Wte 
one, and has often been quoted and re 
produced. Speakiug of the spread of edu 
cation in Canada, he said how this coun 
try had been able to profit by the ex 
perience of older ones, adding that, ow 
ing to " the diligent exertions and excel 
lent judgment" of Dr. Ryerson. . . . 
" fortified by the support of the Council 
of Education, and the Government and 
Parliament of the province, has enabled 
Upper Canada to place herself in the van 
among the nations in the great and im 
portant work of providing an efficient 
(system of general education of the whole 
community. I do not think that I shall 
be charged with exaggeration when I af 
firm that this work is the work of our 
day and generation that it is the prob 
lem in our modern society which is most 
difficult of solution. . . . How has 
Upper Canada addressed herself to the 
execution of this great work ? Sir, I un- 
stand from your statements arid I come 
to the same conclusions from my own in- 
vestigation and observation that it is 
the principle of our educational system 
that its foundation be laid deep in the 
firm rock of our common Christianity. 

" Permit me to say, both as a humble 
Christian man and as the head of the 
civil government of the province, that 
it gives me unfeigned pleasure to per 
ceive that the youth of this country 



LANDMARKS OF TORONTO. 



. . . who are destined in their maturer 
years to meet in the discharge of the 
duties of civil life upon terms of per 
fect civil and religious equality. I say 
it gives me pleasure to hear and to know 
that they are receiving an education 
which is fitted so well to qualify them 
for the discharge of these important 
duties ; and that while their hearts are 
yet tender, they are associated under 
conditions which are likely to provoke 
amongst them the growth of those truly 
Christian graces mxitual respect, for 
bearance and charity." 

Of the sixteen assistant counsellors ap 
pointed to assist Dr. Ryerson from 1844 
to 1876 not one survives. Their names 
were Bishop Power, of revered memory ; 
Hugh Scobie, Judge Harrison, Bishop 
Fuller, Archbishop Lynch, Reverends A. 
Lillie, John Jennings, John Ambrey, J. 
Tabarat, John McCaul, John Barclay and 
Samuel S. Nelles, Very Reverend Dean 
Grasett, Hon. William McMaster and 
James Scott Howard. It would be hard 
to find a more truly representative list. 

Dr. Ryereou continued in office until 
February 21st, 1876, when he resigned 
after thirty-two years service. He died 
in Toronto on February 19th, 1882 , 
having all but completed his 79th year. 

CHAPTER" xiv. 

TINNING^_WHARF. 

The Calling Place of the American Line of 
Steamers -A Famous Boating Incident A 
Triumphal Retm n. 

One of the most well-known resorts on 
the water front fifty years since was 
the wharf of which the illustration is 
given in this paper. It was always 
known as Tinning s wharf, from the 
name of its owner and builder. 

Richard Tinning was a native of the 
cathedral city of Carlisle, in the county 
of Cumberland, where he was born in 
the year 1801. He came to Canada in 
1832, having previously married Ann 
Tiffin, daughter of a family of the yeo 
man class who had been domiciled in 
Carlisle for several generations. Set 
tling in York on his arrival in Canada, 
Mr. Tinning, though engaged in many 
other enterprises as well, was for the 
whole of his life connected with the 
shipping interests on the lakes. In 1836 
he built the wharf which bore his name 
at the foot of York street, slightly to 
the< east of its termination at the water 
front. 

The wharf was constructed, as nearly 
all wharven were in those days, of crib 
work filled vith stones, and was a sub 
stantial structure. At the north end 
wad the office, and on the wharf itself 
ware store houses and warerooms. 



For several years the Donald Bethune 
American line of steamers, the New 
York and Northerner, tied up there when 
in Toronto, and Mr. Tinning himself was 
always a persona grata with their own 
ers, officers and customers. During the 
greater portion of the time Mr. Tinning 
waa at the wharf he was assisted by his 
son, also Richard Tinning, who, though 
now fast becoming one of the -city s "old 
est inhabitants," is hale and hearty, and 
pleased to indulge in reminiscences of the 
past. 

Mr. Tinning died May 8th, 1858, and 
the business devolved upon his son, whose 
name has already been mentioned. Jn 
October, 1858, Richard Tinning achiev 
ed a very great distinction in the aqua 
tic world. A crew of Chicago rowers 
four-oared issued a challenge for the 
" championship of the lakes," and a 
purse of $2,000. This was taken up by 
Richard Tinning, who, accompanied by 
his brothers John and Thomas, William 
Dillon, Michael Teedy and Richard Tin 
ning as coxswain, went to Detroit, where 
the race was to be rowed, and beat the 
Americans off the course. Among those 
who accompanied Tinning on this occa 
sion were the Hon. David Macpherson and 
Colonel C. S. Gzowski. On returning to 
Toronto the victorious crew received a 
tremendous ovation, and were feted on 
all sides. 

The race was pulled on October 16th, 
1858, just thirty-seven years ago, and 
with the single exception of William Dil 
lon, all the contestants are still alive. 
Michael Teedy is a member of the fire 
department, in which he has been em 
ployed for several years. 

Closely adjacent to Tinning s wharf 
was the St. James Hotel, kept for some 
time by Mrs. Trotter, who had previously 
kept the hotel in Ottawa where, on April 
7th, 1868, Thomas D Arcy McGee was so 
basely assassinated just as he was enter 
ing the door. 

For just fifty years Tinning s wharf 
continued to flourish, but in 1886 the 
Canadian Pacific railway, wanting to ex 
tend, purchased the site on the Esplan 
ade. The old wharf was soon dismantled, 
the adjacent buildings on the Esplanade 
pulled down, and now (1895) it is hard 
to make out where it even was. 

CHAPTER XV. 
OLD EAST END HOUSES. 

A Log Cortage and an old Tavern, the First 
One of the Oldest Houses In the City Cap 
tain Sparks. 

On the west side of Broadview avenue, 
at no great distance north of Queen 
street east, stands No. 144, one of the 
very oldest houses iu the city of Toronto. 



40 



LANDMARKS OF TORONTO. 




SO 
30 



SB 

H 

H 



H 

5 

H 
* 

3 
&< 

H 



LANDMARKS*OF TORONTO. 



41 



To outward appearances it is simply a 
plain one and a half storey old-fashioned 
frame building, which may have been 
erected thirty or even forty years since. 
The cottage iu question was the resi 
dence for a great number of years of 
James Sparks, who for the whole of his 
working life was engaged in the naviga 
tion of the lakes. James Sparks was 
born in Scotland, September 27, 1808, 
and cam 1 ? to this country with his par 
ents in 1818. At a very early age 
Sparks began work as a sailor on Lake 
Ontario, and continued at that calling 
until he retired from active work. About 
1840 Sparks bought the cottage, in which 



easily kept warm in winter. It was an 
old house when Captain Sparks bought 
it, and he effected very extensive repairs. 
A few years later he clap-boarded it, 
| making its appearance what it is now. 
I There is a tradition that it was erected 
1 at or about the same time as Castle 
i Frank, and is almost the only log house 
still used as a dwelling place within the 
city limits. Capt. Sparks during the 
| winter, for many years, acted as tyler 
; for the Masonic Lodge meeting in the 
i Market Lane Hall, especially from 1822 
!to 1850. 

Captain Sparks commanded manv dif- 




CAPTAIN SPARKS COTTAOT- BROADVIEW AVENUE. 



42 years later he passed away. As will 
be seen from the cut which represents 
it as it was then the house is a log- 
built building, standing in its own gar 
den, and was designed more for use than 
for ornament. The ceilings are barely 
seven feet from the floor, and the walls, 
which are of squared timber, are about 
eighteen inches deep. It possesses no hall, 
the front door opens directly into the 
sitting room, which is an apartment 
about ten feet square, upon which open 
two decidedly small bedrooms. There is 
a kitchen in the rear and some sleeping 
apartments in the half storey, and the 
log house, though it is cool in summer, is 



ferent achooners upon the lakes, his last 
vessel being the Beaver, which was 
wrecked at Rochester about 1865. He 
died on September 5th, 1882, having al 
most reached his 74th birthday, and was 
buried in St. James cemetery. His 
widow still lives in the pleasant old cot 
tage, while one of his sous is in Govern 
ment employ and lives near by the home 
where he was born. 

THK KISINO SUN INX. 

Another old house east of the Don is 
that which, now divided into two tene 
ments and numbered C13 and 715 Queen 
j street east, stands on the south side of 
that thoroufihfare, jiust east of Broad- 



LANDMARKS OF TORONTO. 



Tiew avenue. It was from about 1844 a 
well known tavern, called the Rising Sun, 
and was kept by a man named William 
Knight. Owing to the fact that the old 
race course was immediately in its rear, 
the Sun was greatly patronized by sport 
ing men and by those who followed in 
their train. For many years it was the 
only tavern between the Don river and 
Leslie s nursery, situated on Queen street 
east, then known as Kingston road, but 
in the early " fifties " other houses were 
opened, and in 1857 the race course was 



wanls Chief Justice, William Baell 
Richards. 

The house itself was a pleasant, roomy 
building-, built of frame rough-cast, with 
a spacious verandah on two eidea of it. 
It was built by Mr. John Crawford, who 
was Lieutenant-Governor of Ontario 
from 1873 until 1877, about 1845, and 
by him sold to Judge Richards in 185;j. 
When erected it was quite in the coun 
try, and down to 1870, or even a little 
later, may almost have been looked on 
a* * suburban residence. But ince then 




THE OLD RISING SUX IXX. QUEEX .STitEKT EAST. 



closed, and the Rising Sun found, like 
Othello, "its occupation gone. Very 
soon after the races ceased to be held on 
the Don course the tavern was " shut 
down," and now few people even remem 
ber the once flourishing hostelry. 

CHAPTER XVI. 
JUDGE RICHARDS HOUSE. 

A Famous Canadian who Rose to the High 
est Point in the Legal Profession-Honour- 
ed by his Sovereign and his Coimtr.r. 

On the south-east corner of Ann and 
Tonge streets stood for many years the 
house occupied during the whole of his 
residence in Toronto by Judge, ai ter- 



the changes in the city have been great 
and a few years since the house was 
pulled down to make way for shops and 
warehouses. 

William Buell Richards was a man 
who by sheer force of ability and pains 
taking industry rose from a compara 
tively humble ppistion in life to one of 
the highest positions, not only in his 
profession, but in the Dominion. 

Chief Justice Richards was born in 
Brockville in 1814, and in 1831 com 
menced the study of law under Mr. G. 
Malloch, and on> the completion of hia 
articles entered into partnership with 
that gentleman, the firm being known 
as Malloch & Richards. In 1848 he en- 






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IMPERIAL BANK, FORMKBLV KXCHANOK. 



opp. 43 



LANDMARKS OF TORONTO. 



43 



tered Parliament as member for the 
County of Leeds, defeating the late 
Mr. Ogle R. Gowan hy sixty votes. From 
1851 until June, 3853, he held the post 
of Attorney- General West in the Hincks- 
Morin Ministry, only retiring from that 
position on being appointed to a puisne 
judgeship in the Court of Common Pleas, 
rendered vacant lay the death of the 
Honourable R. B. Sullivan. In 1863 he 
succeeded Chief Justice Draper in the 
same court, and upon that eminent jurist 
being transferred from the Queen s Bench 
to the Court of Appeal, he was again 
succeeded by Chief Justice Richards. In 
1875, when the Supreme Court of Can 
ada was created, he was chosen to fill 
the important and responsible position 
of Chief Justice of the court. In 1877 he 
received the honour of knighthood "in 
recognition of his long and distinguished 
judicial career." 

Owing to failing health Chief Justice 
Richards retired from the bench in Janu 
ary, 1879, and from that date took no 
part in public affairs. The Chief Justice 
married a Mtes Muirhead 1 , a granddaugh 
ter of Dr. Muirhead of Niagara. 

The old house where they resided is 
still standing 1 , built after the war of 
1812. 

After his retirement Sir William Rich- j 
ards continued to reside in Ottawa, 
where he died on January 26th, 1889* 
A writer in one of the pap?rs, speaking 
of his decease, said : "He was, both as 
a judge and as a man, a Canadian 
of whom Canadians may be proud, and 
will be remembered in history as one of 
the giants of our time." 

He was interred in the general ceme 
tery, Brockville, where he had been 
born, and where he had first entered 
upon his honourable career. 

Mrs. Richards died many years ago. 

CHAPTER XVII. 
WELLINGTON_S_T_REET EAST. 

Botb Sides of a Commercial Centre, Which 
Is Now In the Heart of the Dry-Goods and 
Financial District. 

The picture in this landmark of 1866 
gives a fair idea of the both sides of 
Wellington street east from Yonge down 
to the Imperial Bank, on the north-wes. 
corner of Change Alley. At the right, 
where the Imperial Bank stands, was 
the site of the post-office prior to its 
removal to the west side of Toronto 
street. The first building shown in the 
picture on the right is No. 30, the estab 
lishment of R, Jordan & Co., the grocers, 
while No. 28 was the first office of the 
Molsons Bank of Montreal in Toronto, 
with Mr. R. G. Dallas as manager. No. 



20 waa a small clapboard cottage* 
where Mr. Campbell, a bootmaker, lived. 
No. 24 is the Ontario Bank, then under 
the management of Mr. Alexander Fisher. 
The building Nos. 28-30 are the same 
structures, but remodelled as in the late 
sixties. The Ontario Bank is now, as 
it was then, a handsome piece of archi 
tecture. The building has been improved 
by a large addition at the rear, on 
Scott street. Across Scott street, at the 
north- west corner of Wellington, was the 
old building which many years ago wad 
(prominent as a place of resort the 
Cooper s Arms kept originally lay Mr. 
John Murphy, and afterwards by Mrs. 
Julia Murphy, his widow. From No. 13- 
to No. 16 was devoted to offices. In this 
building was the office of F. C. Capreol, 
president of the Huron Ontario Ship 
Canal Company, and David B. Pearson, 
secretary of the Travellers Association. 
This building was originally erected for 
hotel purposes, and was known as the 
Western Hotel, and occupied by the late 
Russell Inglis, prior to his removal to 
the Wellington Hotel, where the Bank 
of Toronto now stands. Nos. 12-14 were 
the wholesale warehouse of the late A. 
M. Smith & William Keighley, and at 
No. 8 W. H. Fraser had a commission 
agency. Mr. Fraser was afterwards, and 
up to the dajte of his death, Dominion 
Appraiser at Ottawa. No. 6 was a 
building directly east of the Express Com 
pany s lane. It was occupied by Leith 
& Kennedy, barristers, and others, and 
at the corner was the Bank of British 
North America, when Mr. Samuel Tay 
lor was manager. 

The principal change on this street is 
the Cooper s Arms, now occupied by the 
new building of the Western Fire Insur 
ance Company. The Bank of British North 
America has been re-built on the north 
east corner of Yonge and Wellington 
streets. 

The little yellow cottage between the 
Ontario and Molsons Banks, occupied by 
Mr. Campbell, has given way to a large 
white brick building, occupied by offices, 
amongst them that of Messrs. Clarksoa 
& Cross. 

On th left of the picture, and on 
the south side of Wellington street, t!it> 
building, the pillars of which are seen 
on the immediate left, is the Royal Can 
adian Bank, Nos. 25-27. This bank start 
ed business on Toronto street, directly 
north of the original Rice Lewis build 
ing. The vacant space directly west of 
the Eoyal Canadian Bank on Wellington 
street was owned in 1872 and subsequent 
ly built upon by the late Senator John 
Macdonald, as part of his large ware* 
house. Nos. 21-23 comprised the weat- 



44 



LANDMARKS OF TORONTO. 







LANDMARKS OF TORONTO. 



era part of the present John Macdonald 
& Go. s dry goods establishment, while 
No. 19 was a two-storey brick building, 
occupied in 1872 by F. J. Stewart as a 
tea broker, and is now the site of the 
Pacific buildings. 

Crossing the street is the bnilding of 
the Great North-western Telegraph Com 
pany, a building which stood on the site 
of a clapboard building, owned and oc 
cupied by Mr. Graham, in fact, for years 
it was known as Graham s Corner. The 
building west, at No. 15, was erected by 
the late Mr. John Fisken, *nd is occu 
pied as offices (E. G. Dim & Co.) while the 
row of buildings, Nos. 13, 9 and 11, Nos. 
7 and 5, were occupied respectively by 
Joseph Lawaon, commission merchant, 
Lockart & Haldane, dry goods dealers, 
Childs & Hamilton, boot and shoe manu 
facturers, and II. A. Hoskin & Co., auction 
eers. Hoskins & Clelaud were in this 
building at one period. At No. 3 Robert 
Davis & Co. had a wholesale groce.nv 
after their removal from the fiouth-weat 
corner of King and Bay streets, and the 
corner building was occupied by the Royal 
Insurance office, with Mr. F. H. Howard 
as manager. Legal firms occupied the 
upper floors, and White & Co., real lace 
dealers, a building directly east of the 
Royal offices. 

There have been few changes on this 
street since 1875. The change of the 
Cooper s Arms has already been noted. 
The other buildings are the re-modelled 
buildings of 1850. At No. 8, the second 
door east of the American Express lane 
wa-5 the warehouse of Shaw & Turnbull, 
who in 1850 had a wholesale dry goods 
business the late John Shaw, afterwards 
an official assignee, being the senidr 
partner. The changes on the south side 
have already been referred to. 

In 1856 the Quebec Bank was at No. 15, 
and John Macdooiald at No. 17, the same 
buildings occupied in 1870 by R. Jordan 
& Co., and the Molsons Bank. John Camp 
bell, the boot maker, had the cottage to 
the west of Molsons, and the Ontario 
Bank corner was vacant. Crossing Scott 
street, John Murphy had the Cooper s 
Anna, and the large red brick building, 
now offices, one door west of the Westerti 
Assurance Company, was at one time -the 
Western Hotel, kept by John Murphy, an 
other, the Wellington Hotel, removed to 
this house from the north-west corner of 
Wellington and Church streets, Russell In- 
glis being proprietor. Mr. Inglig, since 
dead, while a boy, and in business in 
Edinburgh, informed the writer that he 
had often waited on and talked to Sir 
Walter Scott. This hotel building was in 
1856 occupied as offices. West of it was 
the firm of Bowes (J, G.) & Hall, in dry 



goods, William Ross & Co., grocers, and 
Shaw, Turnbull & Co., in dry goods, 1 
Bank of British North America having its 
offices on the ground floor of the corker, 
and general offices upstairs. 

In 1856 Wellington street on the soutl 
side and west oK Church had the Grand 
Trunk Telegraph Company in the Coffin 
block, which had Miller & Foulds and 
others in business. There wore no ware 
houses on the south side to Scott street, 
the only brick building being the un 
occupied rear part of the North American 
Hotel on Front street, afterwards built 
upon by John Macdoiiald. Luke Cutler, 
at No. 20, on the southeast corner of 
Scott street, had the Steamboat Hotel. 
Across Scott street, where the G. N. W. 
Telegraph offices stand was Graham j 
frame building, a boarding house, and 
later with offices, one being that of 
Henry Hope, of The Old Countryman 
newspaper. Taylor & Stevenson ^were 
wholesale dry goods merchants, in a 
brick row still standing to the west, and 
Duncan MacDonuell, wholesale grocer, 
were the onlv business establishments to 
Yonge street, Bollo Campbell s printing 
office being at the corner now occupied 
by the Royal Insurance Company. 

CHAPTER XVIII. 
FRONT, WELLINGTON AND CHURCH 

A Corner That Reminds Old Residents of 
the Ways of ^Teller s Stage Line The Cof 
fin Block. 

The passenger traffic down Church 
street to Cooper s wharf as early as 1798 
to 1805 was a small percentage of what 
it was in 1845-55, when Maitland s wharf 
which succeeded the Cooper s of pioneer 
days, was the landing place of freight 
| steamers and schooners and was the city 
i Bide of the Island traffic, for it was from 
I Maitland s wharf that the old horse boat 
I and the first steam ferry ran to Privat e 
Hotel, which stood where now the eastern 
channel runs through the Toronto Is 
land. William Cooper was the first Free 
mason initiated iu York, and his life and 
business have been dealt with in another 
landmark. Robert Maitland, after his 
wharfage days, went to Port Arthur, 
where he died a year or two ago. 

The picture gives on the right the 

north-west corner of Front and Church 1 

streets, at W. R. Griffiths & Company *! 

warehouse, and the north-west corner of 

Wellington and Church Streets, where the 

Bank of Toronto stands, while the centre 

of the view shows the Coffin block and the 

Dominion Telegraph Company s office. 

! To the left is th<s south side of Wellington 

! street, and a sliffht Tiew of the same 

1 street west to Yone etfeet. 



46 



LANDMARKS OF TORONTO. 



No. 62 was occupied by W. & E. Grif 
fiths & Co., as wholesale grocers. This 
building was erected about 1845. On 
the Church street side was an entrance 
to the Ontario Chambers or offices, which 
occupied the upper floors. lu 1849-63 
this was the Royal Exchange Restaur 
ant, kept by a coloured man named 
Snow, and a large hall on the first floor 
was used for political meetings. The 
buildings to the east are known as Man 
ning s Block, being the property of Alex 
ander Manning. 

The Bank of Toronto is on the site of 
the Wellington Hotel, a once popular 
hostelry of York and Toronto. It was 
the Ontario House in 1822, with Win. 
Campbell as proprietor, and later became 
the Wellington Hotel. Oue door west, in 
a roughcast house, was the original resi 
dence of Win. Cooper, of Cooper s Wharf. 
On a vacant ejpa.ce of nearly two hun 
dred feet west of Cooper s was ground 
on which George Bernard s circus used 
to pitch its tent in the forties. This was 
before 1845. Mrs. Bernard was quite an 
equestrienne, and, consequently, a draw 
ing card. The leading members of the 
company were Cadwaller Stone, Rock 
well, Gossan, who played the clown, 
Frank Wilmot and Harry Bacheldon, and 
a boy named Frank, an apprentice in 
the athlete business. Frank was " a 
clever youth," writes the late Alexander 
Jacques, in a letter dated 1889, " a 
good horseman and tumbler. In after 
years he was the champion somersault 
thrower of the world." " Frank," writes 
Mr. Jacques, " was a great favourite 
with Mrs. Washburn, the wife of Simon 
Washburn, a prominent barrister of York 
about 1825-39. Bernard made York his 
headquarters in the winter on this lot 
on the west side of which was a lane 
known as Kelly s lane, and which, prior 
to 1840, formed part of Henrietta street, 
which ran from Wellington street north 
through Market street (Colborne) to the 
south side of King, endi ug at the 
street line in front of Lawson s old 
stand. In the spring-time Bernard put 
his tente and waggons in order and 
moved on an annual tour through 
Upper Canada, which lasted for at least 
five months. 

About 1855-57 a row of white brick 
buildings was erected on this site, in 
the east one of which was at that time 
the restaurant of Mark Ackerman, known 
for its handsome fittings and tempting 
viands, now the business house of S. 
Trees & Co. la 1872 No. 56 was occu 
pied by S. W. Farrell, commission mer- 
chant; Ti. R. Wood, insurance agent, and 
Drysdale & Co., commission merchants. 
At No. 42 was James Young, produce 



dealer, and E Bendelari & Co., import 
ers, while Nos. 88 and 40 were occupied 
by John Morrison afterwards of the Brit 
ish America Insurance the wholesale 
grocer, now in banking at Victoria street. 
The east corner of Change Alley was No. 
36, the warehouse of the late W. War 
wick, the wholesale stationer. 

The centre of the picture shows the 
Coffin Block, in which were the original 
offices of the Dominion Telegraph Com 
pany. The lower portion, at the angle 
of the streets, was occupied as a coal 
office. The %pper part of this building 
on Front street has been given in an 
other landmark. On the Wellington 
street side, Mr. George Laidlaw, so long 
known in connection with the narrow 
gauge railways, had an office for years. 
During the days of the rebellion in the 
basement of this building was the re 
staurant of a genial old Scotchman 
named Bannerman, who did good service 
in 1837 in feeding the volunteers, who 
had assembled HI the City Hall to repel 
tho invaders in December of that year. 

This spot was also prominent in the 
days of stage coaches, for in this build 
ing was the office of Weller a stage, 
which ran east between Toronto and 
Kingston. On the left-hand of the pic 
ture, just near the telegraph pole, was 
the stable, used by Weller for his horses. 
In later days the wide part of the street, 
east of Church and between that and 
the market, was used as a haymarket. 
To go back to an earlier period in this 
landmark, we find that in 1856, in the 
building on Front street, one door west 
of the Coffin block, at No. 20, Mr. Alex 
ander M. Morris and Robert Maitland, 
the wharfinger, had offices, while at No. 
21, which was the beginning of the well- 
known block, George H. Wyatt, the 
freight agent ; H. Boydell, the lumber 
measurer, and James R. Bradbury, the 
land agent, had offices. 

In No. 21, for it was a building that 
^tended down to the junction of Wel 
lington with Front, and also through 
:rom Front to Wellington, were offices 
Of leading firms. Hooker, Pridham & Co., 
of the Montreal Through Line, and Edwin 
Pridham, also in the freight business, had 
>ffices. In an upper floor of the same 
juildiug was the Montreal Telegraph of- 
ice, with Benjamin Toye as manager, 
and J. Dunn, C. Bradford and J. Hender 
son as operators. James Baine was on 
;be same floor as a commission agent, 
and W. J. MacDonell & Co. were forward 
ers. Mr. MacDonell was French consul 
it Toronto up to the time of his death. 
Miller & Foulde were wholesale dry goods 
men, and Peter Morgan, whose residence 



LANDMARKS OF TORONTO. 



47 



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58 



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LANDMARKS OF TORONTO. 



on William, now Simcoe street, was after 
wards occupied by Sir Oliver Mowat, was 
a produce dealer. Mr. Morgan s family 
Was one of the best known in Toronto. 
One of hia daughters married Mr. Strick 
land, of Peterboro", and another, Walter 
Strickland, the architect, of Toronto. Mr. 
Charles Morgan, the eldest son, is con 
nected with the Merchants Bank at 
Montreal. Mrs. (Peter Morgan resides in 
[Peterboro . Andrew Drummond, the 
broker, had also an office in this build 
ing. T. C. Orchard was a commission 
merchant in the next room, and James 
Cotton, the contractor, afterwards owner 
of the Ottawa Times, had his business 
office in the Coffin block. Holcomb 
and Henderson, two names noted in 
the freight trade, were in the east 
end of the block, and the International 
Telegraph Company had its offices here, 
with J. D. Purkiss as manager. This 
company was afterwards the Dominion 
Telegraph Company. J. D. Thatcher and 
E. L. Herriugton were the operators, a|nd 
the small office at the east end of this 
peculiarly shaped building was the gen 
eral stage office of William Weller. 

In 3856 the north-west cortner of Wel 
lington and Church streets, where the 
Bank of Toronto stands, had the build 
ing formerly the Wellington Hotel. This 
building, a wooden one, had been con 
verted into tenemafuts, A coffee house 
was at the corner, and Henry King, a 
bricklayer, James Elwood, a steward on 
the lake steamers, Joseph Charbott, a 
tailor, and Mrs. Bell, mother of Mrs. 
Russell Inglis, resided in the building, 
which years before had been under the 
management of Mr. Inglis, before his 
connection with the Customs department. 
The vacant space, which earlier was a 
circus ground, was not built up in 1856, 
and Mark Ackerman had his restaurant 
in the east building of the white brick 
row that stands there to-day. Thomas 
Hutchinson, a prominent wholesale dry- 
goods house, occupied the western part 
of the row, to the east side of what 
is now Change alley, but was then Berczy 
Btreet. This name was given in honour 
of the postmaster, who had his office and 
residence to the west of the street, at 
an earlier period. The Toronto Royal 
Exchange, with James Brown, jr., as 
secretary, was the next building west 
of Bercz3 r street. It is now the east half 
of the Imperial Bank. 

On the north-east corner of Front and 
Church streets, where W. E. Griffiths & 
Co. was in 1866, was occupied in 1856 by 
the restaurant of Mr. Swoud, and the 
barber shop of Thos. F. Gary, the polite 
Tonge street tonsorial artiet of later 
days. Horace L. Forbes, afterwards of 



i Forbes & Loweaborough and the People s 
I Building Society, with Charles Stotes- 
bury, as secretary, and E. C. Mainers 
were in this building. James Moodie had 
a saloon next door east, and Geo. Smith), a 
bowling saloon or alley in the adjacent 
building. 

The ground east of this was vacant. 
It is now occupied "by Manning s block. 
In the row of brick buildings Mrs. Aim 
Diamond had the- Telegraph hotel build 
ing, with numerous tenants, and at No. 
38, Howland & Fitch were grocers, Good- 
erham, Howland & Co. were produce mer 
chants, and A. M. Smith had a large 
crockery establishment. The corner had 
a veteran publican, William Steers, who 
kept the British Coffee House, named af 
ter the original house on the south-east 
Corner of King and York streets. 

CHAPTER XIX. 
A BIT OF FRONT STREET. 

The .\ortU-west ami South-east Corners of 
Front and Wellington Streets Three or 
Four Well-Known Marts of Trade. 

Looking at the picture which belongs 
to this landmark one can hardly realize 
that as late as 1870 the ground on the 
south side of Front street, beyond the 
Custom House, was vacant, and that, a- 
one stood at the corner of Tonge and 
Front streets looking west, the most 
prominent building in view, was the im 
mense structure of Jacques & Hay, a 
few hundred feat south of the line of 
Front street, with lumber closely piled 
on the site of what is now the hand 
some row of mercantile buildings, which 
add so much to the fine appearance of 
the street. In this picture, taken in 1872, 
the tree on the right is at the corner cf 
the Bank of Montreal, and was in the 
lawn which was an original part of the 
surroundings of the bank prior to the 
erection of the present building. fFhe 
structure to the west, Nos. 4-12, is the 
handsome warehouse formerly of A. R. 
McMaster & Bros., the wholesale dry 
goods dealers, now the establishment of 
J. S. McMaster & Co., a building which 
can claim credit as being one of the 
handsomest structures upon tte street, 
or, for that matter, in the city. At No. 14 
Thomas Lailey manufactured clothing, 
and at No. 16 Robert McPhail had a 
wholesale stationery establishment. Mr. 
McPhail was originally in the retail lire 
011 King street at the south-east corner 
of Leader Lane in a red brick building, 
which was erected about seventy years 
ago and is still standing. At Nos. 18-20 
west on Front street was Thompson & 
Burns wholesale crockery establishment, 
and just beyond it. No. 24, was the 



LANDMARKS OF TORONTO. 




LANDMARKS OF TORONTO. 



residence of Judge Jones, which, in 1872, 
w,as used as a Custom House after the 
destruction of the Custom Hou:e by fire. 
Nos. 32-4 w.ere tbe wholesale bookselling 
establishment of James Campbell & Son, 
and at Nos. 36-40 Sessions, Cooper & 
Smith manufactured boots and shoes. In 
the old Baldwin house at the corner of 
Bay and Front streets, at tl.e north 
west corner, were the offices of the To 
ronto and Nipissiiig and the Toronto, 
Grey & Bruce railways. This houce, in 
1864, was used as a military hospital, 
and prior to that date as Ellah s Hotel. 
There were piles of lumber on the corner 
of Front and Bay and also the factory 
of Jacques & Hay. Before the days of 
the Esplanade tl.e shore line between Bay 
and Tonga streets was about 100 feet 
south of the pre. ent street line of Front 
street. The picture gives but one ware 
house on the south-east corner, that of 
George Mich. e & Co., the wholesale 
grocers. This building was erected on 
the northern part of the yard of the 
Freeland Soap factory, a picture of which 
is given in another landmark. Prior to 
1860 there were no buildings on this side 
of the street, for one or two small wooden 
erect:o:is could scarcely b3 termed build 
ings In the seme now used. From about 
1836 to 1848 a large tr. e stood opposite 
the American Hotel, and a little east of 
Smith & Keighley a present warehouse. 
It was a well known mark on the street, 
and was cut down in 1853-4 at the time 
the Esplanade was being built. Mr. George 
Michie commented business originally in 
the early forties on King street, on the 
site of the present Michie & Co. s store. 
He then went into the wholesale business 
as Ogilvy & Co., and n moved to Yonfc,e 
street in tie row of buildings that were 
erecteil iu. the fifties south of the old 
establishment of M. & L. Samuel, Ben 
jamin & Co. Then he removed to Front 
street as George Michie & Co., and even 
tually the firm went out of business. 

In 1856 the Bank of Montreal was at 
the north-west corner of Tonge and Front 
streets, while brick buildings to the west, 
for the McMaster building had not been 
erected, were occupied by John Watson, 
wine merchant; Charles Roberte-on, lum 
ber dealer, and the Grand Trunk Rail 
way offices were in the brick residence 
formerly the house of Judge Jones. Mrs. 
Muttlebery and TV A. Stayner lived in 
houses west of the Jones dwelling, and 
tha Baldwin House, on the north-east 
corner of Bay, was Ellah s Hotel, kept 
by Mrs. Mary Ellah. This was the best 
known private hotel in Toronto in early 
days. Mrs. Ellah prior to 1856 had a 
similar establishment on King street, 
where the red brick row that was origin- 



! ally Macdonald s Hotel, and afterwards, 
1 when rebuilt (1855) Avas Remain Build- 
ings. 

In 1856, on the south-east corner of 

j Yonge and Front streets, where the 

Michie building, now the Canada Rubber 

j Company s warehouse, stands, was Free- 

i land & Taylor, candle manufacturers, 

while east of this was the coal yard, of 

H. G. R. Fripp. The ground east to some 

distance past Scott street had only 

wooden buildings. 

CHAPTER XX. 
YONGE STREET NORTH OF KING. 

A Corner Which Has Seen Many Changes 
The Picture In This Landmark was Taken 

In 1879. 

The south-east corner of King and 
Yonge streets and the brick building 
which stood thereon was the original 
dry goods establishment of Betley & 
Brown, the late Matthew Betley being 
the senior partner. It was afterwards 
established under the name of Betley & 
Kay, and later on, after the dissolution 
of partnership of the late John Kay, in 
retail dry goods, with the addition of 
a carpet branch, which now forms such 
an extensive business on the north side 
of King street west, near Bay. The 
building on the corner of King and Yonge 
made way for that now on the site occu 
pied by the Canada Pacific railway of 
fices. To the south of this building and 
across the lane were a row of buildings 
known as the Commercial buildings, 
which, when erected, were considered 
substantial and handsome. In early days 
Lovell & Gibson, who had an office in 
the fifties across the way in Capreol s 
auction room building, occupied the store 
directly across the lane as a printing 
establishment, and in 1872 it was the 
printing office of the Express, an even 
ing newspaper, published for a few 
months by J. B. Cook. Phillip Brown & 
Co., bankers, subsequently occupied this 
building, which was No. 67, and also A. 
Lovell & Co., printers. No. 65 was the 
warehouse of Andrew Henderson, the 
auctioneer, who commenced business 
across the way about 1850, and Nos. 
63-5 were the wholesale house of Bun- 
tin Bro. & Co., afterwards Buntin, Reid 
& Co., now the site of the Traders Bank. 
In 1874-5 the Liberal newspaper, under 
John Cameron, was at No. 67, and when 
that journal passed out of existence Mr. 
Josiah Bray occupied No. 67 as an ex- 
-change office, and in 1876 J. Ross Rob 
ertson rented this building and commen 
ced the issue of The Evening Telegram. 
The building on the south-east side ol 
Yonge and Colborne streets, built for 



LAM DM ARKS OF TORONTO. 



51 



Ross Mitchell and occupied afterwards 
by the Bank of Commerce, has already 
been noted in another landmark. 

On the west side of Yoiige street, at 
the south-west corner in 1872 was the 
retail dry goods establishment of W. H. 



rister, and John Turner, photographer, 
Mr. Turner was afterwards proprietor of 
the Ferry line, and his wife is now lihe 
lessee of the Turner Baths on Toronto 
Island. Richards (Hon. Stephen) & Smith 
<J. F.), barristers, were also in the up- 




Dow & Co., and upstairs the office of 
T. D. Ledyard, the barrister. There were 
also in this building the offices of F. W. 
Munro, barrister, now of Chicago, Mc- 
Dafngall & Bros., lumber dealers, Fergus 
on & Ferguson, barristers, R. W. Parkiii- 
con, barrister, S. J, Vankoughnet, ba,r- 



per portion of this building. At No. 72 
TItird, Leigh & Co. were China and glass 
merchants, whose factory was in the 
rear. At No. 79 John Robertson, Son A 
Co. had a dry goods establishment in the 
building now St. Charles restaurant. The 
buildings from the corner of Kinff down 



52 



LANDMARKS OP TORONTO. 



to No. 70 were erected between 1835-3,7, 
the first occupant of the new row being 
John Robertson. In 1837 Mr. Robertson 
was connected with a business establish 
ment in the east end of the city near 
Church street, and when he entered the 
wholesale trade on Yonge street his 
friends thought he was going too far 
west, the more especially as cases of 
goods had to be hauled up three stone 
steps while being taken into the ware 
house. Nos. 68-4, the white brick build 
ings at the norths-west corner of Me- 
linda and Tonge streets, were occupied 
by T. May & Co., and Gillespie & Co., 
the wholesale furriers. 

The principal changes on these two 
blocks are the erection of the Dominion 
Bank, on the corner of King and Yonge 
streets, the late Henry Irving being the 
architect, and the Webb building at the 
north-west corner, and the Globe build 
ing on the south-west corner of Yonge 
and Melinda streets, on the site of the 
original Ross Mitchell warehouse of forty 
years ago. On the east side of the street 
part of the commercial business has 
given way to the building occupied by 
the Traders Bank, erected by S. F. Mc- 
Kinnon, while the north part of this row 
has been re-modelled and reconstructed 
the upper portions being used for offices. 

In 1856 the buildings on the west side 
of Yoiige street, south of King, were 
occupied by W. H. Dow at the corner of 
King street, while No. 43, south, on 
Yonge street, was unoccupied, and An 
drew Henderson, the auctioneer, was at 
No. 41 ; John Robertson, in dry goods, 
at No. 39, and Lovell & Gibson, printers, 
at No. 35. 

On the east side of Yonge street, from 
the corner of King, Betley & Kay" 
establishment extended along the east 
side of Yonge strest to a lane, and in 
the rear portion of Betley s building 
Oliver Mowat (Sir Oliver) had hie offices 
as a barrister, and John Helliwell was 
in the same profession on the same floor. 
The three buildings south of Betleyl s 
lune were the "Commercial Buildings." 
Lovell & Gibson and The Evening Tele 
gram (1870) were in this building. At 
No. 1 of this row Henderson Bros, were 
in wholesale dry goods. Alexander Hen 
derson & John Henderson composed the 
firm. Alexander Heud?rsou afterwards 
retired and was an alderman of Toronto, 
and John was the senior partner of the 
firm of Henderson & Bostwick, a firm 
which has since gone out of business. In 
No. 2 of the row R. Campbell & Co., a 
Montreal firm, had a carpet warehouse, 
and at No. 4 J. C. Mayer was a furrier. 
This building was afterwards occupied 
by Buntin, Raid & Co., and is now the 



site of the Traders Bank. Andrew Hen- 
dersou, auctioneer, who years before had 
been on tbe opposite side of the street, 
occupied Campbell s building in J876-78. 
The buildings south from Colborne street, 
commencing with that of Ross, Mitchell 
& Co., have ben given in another land 
mark. 



CHAPTER XXI. 
TH E SOUTH END OF YONGE ST. 

The First Blocks on the Cast and West Side.* 
of the Great Thoroughfare That Runs 
Thirty Miles Into York County. 

Seventy years ago Yonge street at its 
south end was not so important a busi 
ness centre, even in Little York, as it 
was in the late fifties, in the greater 
Q\>roirto, or as, of course, it is to-day, 
in the commercial metropolis of Ontario. 
From 1800 to 1830 the business centre 
of the two was east of Church street, 
and the marine traffic was for the most 
part at the foot of the streets east 
of and including Church street; indeed, it 
was not until 1845, when Yonge street 
wharf, and Brown s wharf, at the foot 
of Scott street, commanded the lake tra 
vel, and offered a landing place for the 
steamers that plied up and down the 
lake. 

Youge street was central enough iu 
1838 for the post-office, built on the 
site of the present Bank of Montreal. 
The post-office was a building that, if 
not architecturally beautiful, drew daily 
to its doors the small mercantile com 
munity that formed then the nucleus 
of the commercial interests that flourish 
to-day. 

The right of the picture, which was 
drawn in 1872, shows just the north-east 
corner of the American Hotel, a hostelry 
that had the call for travelling long 
before and even during the early days 
of the Queen s and Rossin Houses. Mr. 
David Walker was the proprietor of the 
American in 1872. 

The first door north, No. 35, was the 
warehouse of H. Shorey & Co., clothiers, 
a Montreal firm doing business in To 
ronto, while No. 37, a tall building, im 
proved by the re-fronting of an old 
three storey building, was occupied by 
Joseph Wey & Co., hatters. At No. 39 
G. W. Dunn was in the, hoop skirt l^ade, 
when that useful article" of female under- 
gear was popular, and Hodgson & Boyd, 
at No. 41, sold wholesale fancy and gen 
eral dry goods. R. H. Gray & Co., were 
at No. 43, in gents furnishings, and at 
No. 45 Wm. Myles & Son sold coal, giving 
a full 2,000 pounds to the ton, while 
Bravley (James) & Hay were commission 






LANDMARKS OF TORONTO. 



63 



merchants, and at the corner F. H. Hew- 
ard presided over the business of the j 
Royal Insurance Company, in a building 
erected for that purpose. Crossing Wei- . 
liugton street and keeping still on the : 
east side wae the cut stone building of 
the Bank of British North America, and 
in No. 51, Childs & Co. manufacture* ; 
boots and shoes, and at No. 53 Alfred 
Dredge did business in the wholesale j 
paper line, with the addition of a bijud- i 
ery and an envelope factory. Mr. Dredge j 
removed from Toronto some years ago 
and is now in prosperous business in New 
York. At No. 55, J. Y. Vickers had 
his Northern railway express office, and \ 
upstairs as A. W. Russell, the watchman, 
had a branch of his brother s (Liverpool) 
business in that line. Morphy, Morphy ^ 
Winchester were barristers upstairs. The 
Messrs. Morphy are dead, but Mr. Win 
chester hears motions and gives just and 
prompt rulings as Master in Osgoode 
Hall. Nos. 55-57 also had the American 
Express office, and as manager John D. 
Irwin, who has just passed away, while 
George Virtue, the agent of a London 
publishing house, was also upstairs at No. I 
57. At the south-east corner of Yonge j 
and Colborne streets the building was 
originally put up by Boss Mitchell & Co., 
was in 1872 occupied by the Bank of 
Commerce. 

On the west erXe of Yonge street, and 
at its north-west corner, was the Bank 
of Montreal, in the building which pre 
ceded the present palatial structure. At 
No. 32 Bailey & Bunting were grocers, j 
Mr. Bunting was afterwards of the 
Mail newspaper, and died in Janu 
ary. 1896. At No. 34, Bryce, McMurrich 
<fc Co. had a wholesale dry goods house.) 
They afterwards removed to Bay street, 
near Wellington, and finally retired from 
business. At No. 36 Moffatt Bros, were 
in wholesale dry goods as successors of ; 
the old firm of Moffatt, Murray & Co., 
and at No. 38 Thomas Walls & Co. weru ; 
in the same line. At No. 40 Peach & i 
Goulding had a large wholesale trade J 
in millinery. The Messrs. Goulding are j 
in business to-day in the same trade 
on Bay street. Stalker & Ross, two care 
ful Scotchmen, were in dry goods at No. 
42, and David Arnott also at No. 44. 
J. G. Joseph & Co. were jewellers at 
the south-west corner of Yonge and Wel 
lington. The father of this firm was 
in business in the thirties on King street 
*a.st of the Leader Lane. Old residents 
will remember his pleasant face and his 
gold spectacles. The firm has since gone 
out of business. On the north-west cor 
ner of Yonge and Wellington streets, at 
Nos. 48-50, was the most enterprising 
of Toronto s wholesale jewellers of his 



day, Mr. Robert Wilkes, a gentleman 
who e uu o.-tuuat? cleat i by drowning wad 
regretted by so maaiy. At No. 52 S. H. 
& J. Moss, a Montreal firm, had a To 
ronto branch in clothing. At No. 54 S. 
D&visou was in jewellery, and at No. 
56 McLean (Daniel) & Craig were in 
wholesale leather. At No. 58 M. & L. 
Samuel were in metal and hardware. The 
firm is now M. L. Samuel & Benjamin, 
on Front street. The building, No. 58, on 
Yonge street, was in 1844 No. 29, and 
in 1846 this building was occupied by 
the late George Brown as the Globe of 
fice. It is about thirty feet south ol 
the present office of the Globe, at the 
eouth-west corner of Youge and Meliuda 
streets. In 1872 N. & F. Roouey were 
at No. 60, the old store of Messrs. Per- 
rin, and at No. 62 were Hughes Bros., 
in a building that in the forties was 
occupied by Ross, Mitchell & Co., prior 
to their removal to the opposite south 
east corner. Crossing Melinda street, at 
No. 64 J. Gillespie A Co. were in hats 
and furs, and Thomas May & Co., of Mont 
real, in wholesale fancy goods. This 
warehouse occupied the site of Capreol a 
auction room, 1836. At Nos. 68-70 George 
Brown had the St. Charles restaurajnt* 
in the warehouse formerly occupied ae 
No. 39 by the late John Robertson, and 
at No. 72 Bacon & Phillips were whole 
sale china merchants, and W. H. Dow 
& Co. were at the corner where th* 
Dominion Bank building now stands. 

Going back forty years in the history 
of this landmark may not be uninterest- 
ing to old residenters, who can recall 
faces and localities that have alway* 
been alive in its different lines. 

In 1856 N. F. Pearson was proprietor 
of the American Hotel, and at No. 6, one 
door north, Elizabeth Fawcett had a 
smaller house, called the " Toronto 
Hotel." At No. 8 James Girvin was a 
baker and confectioner, succeeding Mr. 
Maitland, a pioneer in the same trade. 
Thomas Lailey occupied No. 10 as a 
wholesale clothing house. He afterwards 
moved to Front street west, near Yonge, 
and at No. 12 W. F. Langlois was in the 
wholesale wine trade. E. R. Paul & Co. 
were wholesale shoemsn at No. 14, and 
at No. 16, one door south of the present 
Royal Insurance corner, Duncan Mac- 
Donell was a wholesale grocer. In 
earlier years Mr. MacDonell was a part 
ner of Mr. J. F. Smith, as grocers, on 
King street, east of Leader lane. At th 
south-east corner, where the Royal 
office now stands, was No. 18, with 
Rollo Campbell, as Government printer, 
as occupant. Here Wellington street 
intersected with the Bank of British 
North America in its present location. 



54 



LANDMARKS OF TORONTO. 




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LANDMARKS OF TORONTO. 



55 



At No. 24, on the site of the Commercial 
Travellers building of to-day, C. J. 
Houghton was ail auctioneer, and at the 
corner of Colborue, Ross, Mitchell & Co. 
were in wholesale dry goods. 

In 1856, on the north-west corner of 
Yonge and Front streets, was the Bank 
of Montreal, with Wm. Wilson, as cash 
ier, and at No:. 3 Wm. McMaster (after 
wards Senator,! in dry goods, with Bryce, 
McMurrich & Co. at No. 5, and Moffat, 
Murray & Co. at No. 7, and Gilmor & 
Coulson at No. 9, all in the same line 
of trade. No. 9 had also George A. 
Pyper, a wholesale grocer, a citizen who 
lost his life through an accident while 
bathing at the Island, and at No. 11 
Isaac C. Gilmor was a wholesale dry 
goods merchant. The south-west corner 
of Yonge and Wellington was the 
public house known as the Argyle 
Hotel, kept by a Scotchman a 
prominent character in Toronto, named 
McNab. He claimed descent from the 
chief of the clan, and was a popular" 
man with his patrons. The City Bank of 
Montreal was on the north-west corner, 
where Robert Wilkes was in later years. 
Mr. Hugh Woodside was cashier. He af 
terwards organized the Royal Canadian 
Bank. At No. 24 Charles B. Jarvis was 
a merchant. In a fire that took place 
in this block late in the fifties Mr. Jarvis, 
while trying to save his property, injured 
his eyes, and ever afterwards had to 
wear smoked glasses. His daughter, an 
accomplished singer, after studying at 
Milan, died while comparatively a young 
woman. At No. 26 Score & Hall were 
wholesale clothiers, J. F. Score and 
William Hall being the partners. Mr. 
Score is the father of the Messrs. Score on 
King street west, and resides in this city. 
Mr. Hall subsequently was of the firm 
of Bowes (J. G.) and Hall, on the south 
east corner of King and Church streets. 
At No. 27 A. Ogilvie & Co. were grocers. 
George Michie & Co. succeeded this firm. 
At No. 29, the building of M. L. Samuel 
& Benjamin in the later years, was oc 
cupied by P. J. O Neil, a popular whole 
sale dry goods man, and at No. 31 W. L. 
[Perrin & Co. were in the same business. 
The O Neil building was, in the forties, 
No. 29, and the office of the Globe news 
paper. The corner of Melinda street, 
where the Globe office stands, R. D. Mc- 
[Pherson & Co. s, was a wholesale grocery 
establishment. They afterwards were in 
retail in the Roesiu block, at the corner 
of King and York streets. The McPher- 
son building was, prior to 1855, occupied 
by Ross, Mitchell & Co. At No. 35, 
where the Webb building stands, was the 
old office of F. C. Capreol, its south cud 
being occupied in 1855 by Joseph Henry, 



the accountant, and Lovell & Gibson, 
printers. In the south end of this build 
ing a paper known as the Canadian Punch 
had its offices about 1850. John Robert 
son, in wholesale dry goods, was at No. 
35, and Andrew Henderson, the auction 
eer, at No. 37, the north buildings being 
unoccupied in 1856, and W. H. Dow & Co. 
being on the corner of King. 

CHAPTER XXII. 
TORONTO ST. A_ND J<ING ST. EAST- 

A Central Business Section One Which Ha 
Had Few Changes In Its Buildings A. Busy 
Spot for Traffic for the Last Fifty Years. 

The picture in this landmark gives a 
section of both sides of King street, from 
Toronto street east and west to King 
street, and the south side of King street 
from the old Leader office west to R. 
Walker & Sons , with othe-r buildings fur 
ther west in the distance. 

The le t of the picture shows the Leader 
office in 1870, under the proprietorship 
of James Beatty, the principal part of 
the building being occupied as offices, 

; while the editorial and printing depart 
ments were in a large brick building in 

: the rear, a building which has since been 
converted into shops facing on Leader 

! lane. At No. 61 was the St. Nicholas 
Restaurant, occupying the building which 
had originally been erected by the late 

I Charles Robertson, jr., as a retail dry 

I goods establishment. Mr. Robertson was 
the youngest brother of John Robertson, 
wholesale merchant, on Yonge street. The 
building in its day was the most attrac 
tive on King street, and was about the 
first new building from 1840-51 in the 
block from Leader lane to Yonge street 
on the south side of King. At No. 59 John 
Catto & Co. had a dry goods establish 
ment. Since that time both Nos. 61 and 
59 have been torn down, and the large 
building now occupied by John Catto & 
Co., in the same line of business, has been 
erected. King street west, No. 57, was 
the auction room of F. W. Coate & Co., a 
firm which succeeded Wakefield & Coate, 
auctioneers, one of the pioneer auctioneers 
of Toronto being the late Wm. Wakefield. 
At No. 55, Coleinan & Co. were battens. 
Mr. Colemaii was a bright, clever me 
chanic, an Englishman, who knew all that 
man could know about the making of hate 

1 and cups. " Hats That are Hats," wa 

! a familiar sign over his doorway. Mr. 

George W. Warner subsequently succeed 
ed to the business. At No. 53 Robert 
Beatty & Co. were money brokers, and 
W. J. Armstrong, the photographer, was 
upstairs. At 51 1-2 George Michael, tbe 
optician, had an establishment, and at 



56 



LANDMARKS OF TORONTO. 



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LANDMARKS OF TORONTO. 



No. 51 Jaue<s, Brayley & Newconibc, the 
dry goods men, who did an extensive, 
high-class trade. Mr. S. H. Janes being 
the senior partner, with Mr. James 
Brayley and Mr. Henry Newcombe. The 
firm was afterwards Janes & Newcombe. 
At No. 49 in 1873 Merrick Bros, were iu 
the dry goods business, but later this 
building was occupied by Glover Harrison 
as China Hall. At No. 43 James E. 
Ellis & Co. had their jewellery establish 
ment, and iu a small shop between No. 
43 and 39, known as No. 4], James Spoon- 
rr was popular with those who wanted 
pipes aud tobaccos. At No. 34 Notman & 
Fraser, photographers, had their place of 
business, in a building, which, prior to 
1850 had been occupied by Charles Rob 
ertson as a retail dry goods house prior 
to his removal farther east. Nos. 33-5-7 
are still the large house of Robert Walker 
.t Soiiis. dry goods merchants, while No. 
31 had McDonnough & James in the car 
pet line, and No. 25 had William Arthurs 
k Co., retail dry goods. At Nos. 21-23 
were W. A. Murray & Co., in dry goods, 
as successors to Wylie & Murray, 
aud at Nos. 17-19 " Copp, Clark & 
Co., the publishers, had a large re 
tail bookstore. In this building years 
before was published the British Colonist, 
under Hugh Scobie, and the shop was 
occupied by Scobie & Balfour, who were 
also publishers and booksellers. No. 15 
was and is the music store of A. & S. 
Nordheimer, and No. 13 had William 
Bryden in drugs, as successor to Francis 
Richardson, who has retired from busi 
ness and is still hale aud hearty. In No. 
11 W. L. Wilkinson & Co. were jewellers, 
and at No. 9 Charles Potter was an 
optician. Mr. Wilkinson is now with 
Ambrose Kent & Sons, 156 Yonge street, 
old 103. At No. 7 Charles and W. Walker 
were merchant tailors, and Lash & Co. 
were jewellers in the London and Paris 
House, afterwards rebuilt aud occupied 
by Willing & Wiliiamsou as a bookstore, 
and now Mr. Cousineau s establishment, 
known as " The Bon Marche," while 
Henry Graham & Co., the carpet men, 
were at No. 3, the present shop of Ren 
frew & Co., and John Kay was at the 
corner. 

On the right hand side, at the north 
east corner of Toronto and King streets, 
at Nos. 52-4, was the large shop of Rice 
Lewis & Co., to-da.y probably one of the 
best known firms in Canada. The build 
ing directly to the east was part and 
parcel of the same shop, and was known 
as the Birmingham House. The buildings 
east of this have been given in another 
landmark. 

Directly to the north of this building 
and 78 feet from the street line of 
King street is the south wall of the 



jail, of 1834-41. About forty feet from 
King and thirty feet east of Toronto 
street, on the site of the Rice Lewis 
building, was erected the scaffold on 
which the patriots Lount and Matthews 
suffered in 1838. The south front re 
ferred to was exposed four years ago, 
when the north-east corner buildings of 
Rice Lewis & Sou were being torn down 
and re-built. A portion of the front, in 
cluding the window through which the 
patriots walked to death, may be seen 
from the small yard in rear of Walton s 
barber shop, on the north side of King 
street. 

On the north-west corner of Toronto 
and King streets was the banking house 
of H. J. Morse & Co., who were financial 
brokers, while also in this building Alex 
ander Davidson was manager of the 
Hartford Fire Insurance Company. The 
British American Commercial College, the 
pioneer college in that Hue, was started 
in this building, some years before, under 
Mr. Bates. The building west on King 
street was the shop of Mr. James Bain, 
the bookseller, No. 46, and at No. 44 
Edwin Harris & Co., were oil men and 
chemists. At No. 42 the Stock Exchange 
had its first offices, and at No. 40, the 
building now occupied by W. H. Elliott, 
the Dominion Bank was started. At No. 
38 Messrs. Pellatt & Osier were stock 
brokers, and the buildings between No. 
36 and No. 32 were occupied by men in 
different lines of business. This was 
originally the John Harrington hardwa.re 
building. At No. 30 were the financial 
brokers, Forbes & Lovvusborough. This 
building was originally known as the 
Leslie Bros, building, and was erected 
before 1836. Alongside of No. 30 was a 
short laue, known as the Globe lane, and 
at Nos. 26-28 was the Globe Printing 
establishment, erected in the early six 
ties. The Globe removed from the Dallas 
building on King street west, near Jor 
dan, to this new building. No. 24 was 
the retail hardware shop of P. Patter 
son & Son. Rice Lewis & Co. s present 
establishment occupies the site of the 
Leslie building. Victoria street was 
opened to King street over the site of 
the Globe building and its lane, and the 
Central Canada Loan now occupies the 
site of P. Patterson & Son s, No. 24. 
The rest of the buildings up to Yon^o 
street have been given iu another laud- 
mark of an earlier period. 

Looking at the north side ol the street, 
Rice Lewis & Co. s building has been torn 
down and re-constructed, the lower por 
tion beino: occupied as offices and the 
uppt r portion as chambers for barristers 
and agents. 

The Morse and British American Cdl- 
e buildinir has made wav for the Oue- 



58 



LANDMARKS OF TORONTO. 



bee IJank, but the buildings on this side, 
west to Yonge, with the exception of 
two or three, are about the same that 
they were years ago. 

On the south side the principal changes 
are the Catto building, the Golden Lion, 
and the buildings occupied by Renfrew 
& Co. and the C. P. R. All along King 
street east, from Church to Yoiige 
streets, while a few of the buildings have 
been torn down and re-built, nearly two- 
thirds have been re-modelled in their ex 
terior, and a email number are as they 
were fifty years ago. 

CHAPTER XX11I. 
CORNER OF KING AND BAY STS. 



A Set- foil 



Street West Wkleli Has 



Around it Some Interesting Spots Thirty 
Years Ago In a Xow Btisy ThoroughJiire. 

Bay street up to the sixties was more 
of a residence street than any of the 
short streets of Toronto, running north 
from the Bay to Queen. The rows of 
brick buildings on both sides of the street 
which formerly were the homes of mer 
chants and business men, have in many 
cases been altered to suit business re 
quirements, while not a few have been 
torn down to make room for modern 
structures. Yet Bay street was always a 
prominent thoroughfare from King, and 
mechanics and vessel men coming from 
King street east and west and north to 
Queen street, used it freely, for Front 
street, near Bay, before the days of the 
Esplanade, and in the palmy days of the 
Jacques & Hay factory was a fairly busy 
spot. 

The scene in the picture gives the four 
corners of King and Bay streets in 1866, 
although, as far as buildings are con 
cerned, with the exception of the Caw- 
thra residence ou the north-east corner, 
all the other houses shown east and west, 
on both sides of the street, were up from 
1840. 

At the bouth-east corner was the three- 
storey brick building of Jacques & Hay, 
occupying about forty feet of the King 
street front, and running down a hun 
dred and fifty feet on Bay street. The 
King street front was the wareroom and 
the Bay street extension was for pack 
ing and shipping. The factory was at 
the foot of Bay street, west of the west 
line of the present street, and directly 
north of the line of Esplanade street. 
Years later the firm moved its ware rooms 
east to the south-west corner of King and 
Jordan streets, on the Bank of Com 
merce site, and the buildings on the cor 
ner of King and Bay streets were torn 
down by the Hon. John Ross estate, . aid 
a large white bri:-k building erected, now 



occupied by J. M. Treble, the rear on 
Bay street being also rebuilt with two 
shops, now occupied by J. Maloney & Son 
and J. G. Ramsay & Co. 

At No. 51, the first shop east of Jacques 
& Hay on King street, was the gentle 
men s furnishing store of D. S. & B. 
I Adams. The firm was really the first 
! exclusively in this line of business in To 
ronto. The buildings from that of Adams 
to that of Hooper & Co. were two-storey 
frame buildings. In a small, narrow, ten- 
foot shop R. S. Thompson, at No. 49 1-2, 
had a news store. The space occupied 
by this building was originally a lane 
leading under the second storey of No. 
49, but it was built up and converted 
into a shop. Mr. Thompson now resides in 
the North-west Territories. 

At No. 49 James (Park, now of the St. 

Lawrence market, had a provision store, 

and at No. 47 Philip Jacobi dealt in 

leather, while the next building, a brick 

one, was No. 43, occupied by Hooper & 

Co. This house, however, is not in the 

! photograph from which this landmark is 

| given. 

Ten years before this date (1866) 

Jacques & Hay were at the corner of 

Bay, while Thomas iPotter, a paper- 

| hanger, and Mrs. IPotter, a shirtmaker, 

j were at No. 40, one door east. James 

j Myers, a fruit man, was at No. 38, and 

: Scaudritt & Robinson were bootmakers 

at No. 36. Mr. Robinson was afterwards 

in business on Youge street with Gillyat, 

Robinson & Hall, in boots and shoes. He 

always had a polite " How do you do ?" 

for all his friends. John Higgins, the 

bailiff, was also at No. 36, and McKeand 

& Thompson, the cabinet makers, were 

at No. 34, the building now occupied by 

Hooper & Co. 

At the south-west corner of Bay and 
King streets, No. 55, stood the brick 
building occupied by E. Davis & Co. as 
grocers. It ran 57 feet back on the west 
side of Bay street. In 1879 this building 
was torn down and The Telegram build 
ing was erected. One door west of li. 
Davis & Co. was No. 57, the baby linen 
shop of John H. Swaixn. Next was a row 
of white brick buildings, occupied as fol 
lows: No. 59, Jno. Goedike, who first sold 
mineral waters in Toronto ; No. 61 was 
vacant, and C. S. Hayman, a merchant 
tailor, was at No. 63. At No. 65 Charle.s 
Bender, a well known tobacconist, did 
business, and the last of the row, No. 
67, was occupied by John Seels, an Eng 
lishman, who kept a restaurant noted for 
its cleanliness and comfort. A row of two 
s torey frame buildings occupied the space 
west on this side of the street ui< to the 
score of George Harding, the plumber, at 
No. 77. At No. 69 Samuel Hammond sold 



LANDMARKS OP TORONTO. 



bread, and at No. 71 Charles Bansley, 
a Scotch resident, had a faiicy goods and 
variety shop. At No. 73 Edward Back 
had a boot and shoe etore, and at No. i 
76 D. W. Smith, the dyer, held sway. .The j 
descendants of Messrs. Dack and Smith j 
are still in business in this block. At 
No. 77 George Harding made out bills 
for all who desired the well known line 
" plumber and helper." He did a large 
business, and was candid enough on one 
occasion to admit that a plumber s bill 
was " past finding out." The east en 
trance to the Eoyal Lyceum was just 
west of No. 77, and across this lane ;r 
entrance was the shop of Hood & Laird, 
the picture dealers. Years before 1866 
J. E. Pell occupied the Harding building 
as a " gallery of art." In the dim dis 
tance of the picture may be seen the 
Remain buildings, erected by C. E. Ro- 
main in 1855. These buildings were de 
signed by Kaufmann, the architect of the 
Masonic Hall and Kossin House, and con 
sidered the best piece of architecture of 
their day and are even now much admir 
ed. The upper floors of this row were 
occupied by C. E. Gzowski & Co., and 
D. L. Macpherson, now Sir Casimir Gzow- 
ski and Sir D. L. Macpherson, as railway 
engineers and contractors, and Hon. 
J. H. Cameron, S. B. Harman and Huson 
Murray, as barristers. No. 71 Henry 
Senary sold pianos, and at No. S3 J. W. 
Randall had a saloon. No. 89 was occu 
pied by Bernard Saunders (Aid. Sauai- 
ders), who carried on merchant tailoring, 
and at No. 93 Mr. A. K. Boomer .was 
agent for the Fairbanks scales, and for 
large flour mills. There were four double 
tores on each side of the main entrance 
of the Remain buildings, and in 1866 two 
of them were vacant. At No. 95, one door 
west of the row, was the shop, No. 95, 
occupied by P. M. Clark, the merchant 
tailor, and at No. 97 Alex. Gernruell, 
while at No. 99 Geo. Coleman was a con 
fectioner, and this brings us to the west 
and main entrance of the old Royal 
Lyceum, which was in the rear of these 
King etreet buildings. 

In 1856 No. 55, the present office of 
The Evening Telegram, was No. 44, and 
Robert Davis was at the same cornor. 
The first building on this site was the 
Dennis cottage (1800), and about 1840 
a building occupied by French & Wiman 
as a chair factory. John Swann was at 
No. 46, and W. T, Atkinson, a druggist, 
at No. 48, while Hoig & Harens, tailors, 
were at No. 50. Hoig was a bright, well- 
informed Scotchman. At No. 52 "was 
Joseph Stovel, the merchant tailor. The 
nauu of Stovel and that of Gibb Co., 
whom P. M. Clark succeeded on King 
street we.it, were household words in the 
best hom is of Upper Canada. Indeed, 



Gibb & Co. wure in business in Montreal 
over a century ago, and are atill to the 
fore to-day. Gomg further we^t in 1850, 
at No. 56 J. Lander was an upholsterer, 
and Edwin Smith kept a restaurant at 
No. 58. Smith was a small-ized, alfable 
Englishman, who had lots of custom. In 
those days George Colvman wajs at No. 
60, and at No. 62 W. & H. Bansley sold 
fancy goode, and at No. 60 Edward Dack, 
Latham & Co., dyers, and Charles Bans- 
ley also dealt in fancy goods. At No. 62 
Samuel Turner made shoos, and David 
Smith, with his son to-day, is a dyer of 
no mean repute. Then J. C. Pell, a brother 
of J. E. Pell, had an art store, and No. 
66 across a lane, which led to the rear 
of King, was unoccupied. In 1856 the 
Remain buildings were not built, and the 
old brick houses that stood on the site 
were the buildings once (1846) occupied 
by Macdonald s Hotel. At No. 68 J. B. 
Riley kept hotel. He afterwards had a 
hotel in the pre^ant Queen s Hotel build 
ings on Front street, after which he mov 
ed to the south-weit corner of King and 
York streets and kept the Revere House. 
At No. 70 King street the Misses Burns 
had a fancy store and at No. 72 Joseph 
Harknees, the old bandmaster of the 71st 
Regiment, sold pianos. In the same build 
ing were the offices of the Ontario, Sim- 
cos & Huron Railway, with Alfred 
Brunei as chief engineer. At No. 74 Gibb 
& Co. "were in the shop now occupied, 
by the new building of P. M. Clark, and 
at No. 76 Mrs. M. A. Higgina sold fancy 
goods, and Mrs. J. F. Lyon twas a 
modiste. At No. 78 Thomas McConkey, 
father of George, had a restaurant, and 
next was the Royal Lyceum entrance, 
with John Nickinson as lessee. 

At the north-west corner of King and 
Bay streets was the Metropolitan Hotel, 
occupied by Mr. Thomas Brown. This 
building was originally erected by the 
Bank of Montreal, and after its removal 
to the corner of Front and Yonge streets, 
the building was turned into apartments 
and chambers for lawyers. It was sub 
sequently purchased by the late John 
Riordan, and the present Mail building 
erected thereon. In pulling down the old 
structure the vaults of the old bank 
were discovered in as good condition as 
when erected in the thirties. The build 
ings west of the Metropolitan were three 
storey brick. Some are there to-day, al 
though those immediately west of the 
Mail building have been torn down and 
rebuilt. In 1866 Henry Lindsay had a 
fruit shop at No. 50 1-2, while No. 62 
was vacant. At No. 54 James B. Mar 
shall had a hairdressing shop, and at 
No. 56 William Roberts had a shooting- 
gallery. At No. 58 John Wilson was a 
confectioner, and at No. 60 Mre. 



LANDMARKS OF TORONTO. 




CO 
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CO 



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LANDMARKS OF TORONTO. 



61 



sold fruit. At No. 62 Gleesoii & "Bell 
were coal oil and lamp dealers. Lamb s 
Hotel was formerly (1856) at Nos. 57 
and 69 on this side of the street, occu 
pying the site of about Nos. 58-60. 

lu 1856, or teu years earlier than the 
view giveu in the picture, the red brick 
building occupied by the Metropolitan 
Hotel in 1866, was occupied as offices, 
iu which were Alexander McDonald, solici 
tor, now of Osgoode Hall; James Grand, 
the architect, father of James Grand, of 
Grand & Toy; Charles Fitzgibbou, regis 
trar of the Court of Probate, a son of 
Col. James Fitzgibbon, of the 49th Regi 
ment; W. J. Fitzgerald, the registrar 
of the Surrogate; and Thomas Ridout, 
civil engineer. Mr. Ridout is now an in 
spector of railways for the Dominioii 
Government. He was the eldest sou of 
the late Tu Gibbs Ridout, of the Bank 
of Upper Canada. One door west, at No. 
47, George Harding was a plumber, and 
the Toronto Waiter- works office, owned 
by Mr. Furniss, had offices, G. K. Rad- 
i ord being manager. The Furniss works 
were bought by the city of Toronto. 
At No. 49 Dr. Wood, a denti<st, a, famous 
professor of the dental art, practiced 1 
his profession. All the email boys with 
tooth troubles were sent to Dr. Wood. 
Once the tooth was within tiie precincts 
of the steel ends of the forceps the 
tooth had to come out, even if it caused* 
a struggle for the tooth by the operator 
and for liberty by the boy. At No. 51 
Lewis Holmes had the Clifton saloon, 
and at No. 53 Jessie Bloomfiold was a 
milliner. At No. 55 Charles Bender had 
his tobacco shop before he moved to the 
south side of the street, and at No. 57 
and No. 59 stood the well known Lamb s 
Hotel. 

On the north-east corner of King and 
Bay streets was the handsome cut stone 
residence of the late William Cawthra, 
and directly east, as shown in the pic 
ture, was No. 46, the shop of Thomas 
Dexter. No. 44, which is not shown, was 
vacant in 1866, and No. 42, a small 
whop, had for an occupant J. R 
Brown, a coloured man and a 
well patronized bootmaker. At No. 
40 1-2 John Mink had livery stables, and 
at No. 40 John Elgie was proprietor of 
a three-storey brick building, called 
Elgie s Hotel. In 1856 C. & J. Mitchell 
kept the Lovejoy Hotel at No. 40, and 
William Hickman, or "Bill," as he was 
better known, had a grocery at No. 42. 
Charles Baker, the tailor, had No. 46 
in 1856. "Charlie" Baker s trousers were 
always of fashionable cut, and he was 
liberally patronized. Now all is changed. 
The cut stone mansion of William Caw 



thra, designed and built by Joseph 
Sheard, has taken the place of Mrs, 
Kuott (1840) at the corner, and the 
Canada Life Building looms up upon the 
site of Baker s, Hickman s and Brown s 
buildings and the old Lovejoy House. 
The late J. G. Howard was an architect 
of repute, and as a critic his opinion 
was valued. One day, ten years ago, 
when chatting with the writer in the 
private office of The Telegram, Mr. How 
ard, who in earlier days at Upper Can 
ada College had the writer as a pupil, 
said : "My boy, do you want to see, one 
of the best designed buildings in To 
ronto ?* And on assent being given, he 
called the writer to the window, and, 
pointing to the Cawthra House, said : 
"There it is. That s Joseph Sheardrs 
work, and good work it is." 

In 1856 the Cawthra corner was 
vacant, Charles Baker being one door 
east, in No. 37, aud, continuing east, 
F. Lasher, a fruiterer, No. 85. William 
Hickman, better known as "Bill," was at 
No. 33. Christopher and John Mitchell 
had the Lovejoy House, afterwards called 
the Elgie s, and at No. 29 Charles March, 
the painter, had the shop that to-day 
is the office of the Verral Company, 
while Honoria Flinn had a small shop 
where she sold provisions, and at NOJ 
27 Nicholas Strangs, or rather his wife, 
Mrs. Strangs, was a broker, and sol<* 
second-hand clothes. What Mrs. Strangs 
did not know of every family in Toronto 
from 1830 was not worth knowing. The 
best people in Toronto knew Mrs. 
Strangs, for she was convenient, and not 
ill-liberal in buying old dresses, and fur 
ther had not only a plentiful supply of 
coin, but lots of gossip. William Ash- 
field, afterwards chief of the fire bri 
gade, was a gunmaker at No. 21, a small 
shop. He afterwards moved into the 
three-storey building now occupied by 
Clancy, while E. H. Blogg. a bootmaker; 
Miss Bolster, and Pagerit & Co. were 
cooks and confectioners. Across the lane 
east of the present Chop House, David 
i Wilson made boots at No. 19, and David 
i Davis was a grocer at No. 17, while 
J all the space from No. 17-19 was known 
as No. 11, owned and occupied by Wm. 
I Higgins, the high constable. Nb. 17-19 
| is the site of the Manning Arcade. 

The only buildings given in Jthe jrf$- 
ture of this section of the Landmark 
are the shops of Thomas Dexter and 
Charles Baker, and the Cawthra house. 



62 



LANDMARKS OF TORONTO. 



CHAPTER XXIV. 
THE GREAT CORNERS OF THE CITY 

The Thoroughfares That all theYear Round 
Morning, Noon and Night, Hear the Foot- 
Falls of Busy Men. 

When early in the thirties, betweeni 
1830-4, some of the land on the nortti- 
west corner of King and Tonge streets 
was sold for a few dollars a foot, .and not 
ten at that, those who sold thought they 
were getting full value for the ground, 
while those who bought certainly never 
dreamed that twelve inches front of 
ground, about 100 feet deep, then selling 
for $4 or $5, would sell sixty years Jater 
for some thousands. And yet this is a 
fact. Nearly an acre on the north 
east corner sold in 1800 for a few hun 
dred dollars in Halifax currency, while 
the south-west and south-east corners al 
ways were looked on as the choice busi 
ness locations, neither of which have 
changed hands since the first purchase 
by the Bostwick and the Baldwins re 
spectively. The north-east corner has 
been until recent years in the possession 
of the Dennis family, while the north-west 
corner belongs to the estate of the late 
Dr. Lawlor. 

This is one of the busy corners of To 
ronto, although perhaps the sidewalks: 
on the south-west and north-west cor 
ners of Tonge and Queen streets can claim 
a greater passenger traffic, owing to the 
great retail stores in the neighbourhood. 

This landmark concerns the year 1866, 
when Moses Staunton had the building, 
Nos. 2 and 4, on the north-west corner 
of King and Yonge streets. R. W. Au- 
derson, the photographer, the same artist 
who photographs the landmarks for The 
Telegram, was at No. 6, and James Jack 
son, the China dealer was at No. 8, "Mr. 
Statiuton was a broad minded Irishman, 
full of business energy and for many 
years did a large trade on the corner. 
James Jackson in the days of the volun 
teer fire brigade, was captain of the hose 
company, or, as it was for a time -known, 
" The Jackson Hose." 

One door west of Jackson s in this row 
of brick buildings was between 1841-52 
the depository of the Church Society, and 
for some time the office of the Church 
newspaper under the management of Mr. 
Thonms Champion. The entrance of this 
office was by the lane in the rear from 
Yonge street. There were some old faces 
in his office David Sleeth, for so many 
years with the Leader, Mansfield, Archie 
Davis, William A. Myers, Wash. Clenden- 
aing, John Hogg, afterwards of Colling- 
wnod. as an apprentice, and Alexander 
Jacques was a type. All of these, John 



Hogg only excepted, have gone with their 
final revise. 

All the shops from the corner were 
three storey brick. Then came a row of 
two storey frame, with W. C. Morrison, 
the goldsmith, at No. 12, while a half 
shop, No. 12 1-2, was vacant. Next was 
the store of Carnegie & Brother, the 
watchmakers, who made the first illum 
inated clock in Toronto. This timepiece 
overhung their doorway, as seen in the 
engraving, and in the wall at the west 
side of the door was another clock 
set in the wall which gave 
the changes of the sun, the moon, and 
the stars, and other information to be 
found in clocks with extra mechanical 
contrivances. From Nos. 16 to 20 there 
was but one house, the cottage of Mr. 
William Higgins, the high constable. 
Higgins was a heavily built, powerful 
mini, one of iron nerve. The late Alex 
ander Jacques wrote iu 1889 that " no 
man ever had a hand shake from Higgins 
without remembering his energetic re 
sponse." His strength in his prime was 
noted, and he frequently, wrote Mr. 
Jacques, " would allow two men on one 
side of a Counter to grasp him by -each 
hand, while without any effort he would 
pull both across the counter with the 
greatest ease." 

In 1866 Themes Lalor, the locksmith, 
! rented the Higgin s house, while small 
shops to the west were occupied by H. 
Russell, general dealer, No. 28, N. Holmes, 
engraver, No. 28 1-2 ; Samuel Cleary had 
a carpenter shop in the rear of No. 28, 
and Mrs. Susan Wilson, widow of David 
Wilson and Joseph Catello, a labourer, 
lived in two frame houses in the rear of 
No. 28. 

At No. 30 Mr. A. Thomas had the Eng 
lish Chop Hous, a three storey building, 
now occupied by Clancy, and prior to 
Thomas, by Ashfield, the gun maker, af 
terwards chief of the fire brigade. Tlhen 
came three small two storey buildings. 
No. 32, F. Meagher sold oil and lamps. 
No. 32 1-2, used by Harry Nelson, the 
" professor in hair dressing," as a shop, 
in which the late Dick Jackson worked, 
and at No. 34, David Davis, a coloured 
man, restored clothing even when it was 
! near the sere and yellow leaf of old age. 
j The sheds further west on this side of the 
j street fronted the butcher shop of William 
! Dever, a shop, No. 36, remarkable not 
only for its good beef, but for its general 
cleanliness. The wooden slabs of other 
days gave way in this shop to marble, 
and the scales in the shop always looked 
as if they had just come from the nnaker. 
The meat was so shown as to be tempting 
to an epicure, and the weight had always 
the reputation of being on the side of 



LAM DM ARKS OF TORONTO. 



63 



tbe customer. At No. 38 William Charl- 
ton had a saloon, and in the rear lived 
Mrs. Margaret Grant, the widow of John 
Grant, and the mother of a Toronto at 
torney of the day. At 38 1-2 Alfred ; 
Scadding, the carpenter, a skillful 
mechanic, and so well read a man that 
the late John Ellis, the engraver, styled 
him as " the literary carpenter." Tfhen 
came Elgie s Hotel, the old Lovejo-y 
House, and to the corner the shops 
given in another landmark. 

The south-west corner is not all showm 
in the picture. The corner in 1866 was 
the shop of W. H. Dow, a dry -goods man, 
.and at No. 2 William Faulkner & Co., 
father of George Faulkner, sold toots and 
shoes. At No. 5 James Fraser, a skilled 
and experienced accountant and insurnnee 
agent, had an office, and upstairs Pat 
terson & Beatty, and J. C. Hamilton, all 
barristers, had offices. At No. 7 was the 
firm of Fulton, Michie & Co., now Michie 
& Co., and at No. 9 John Eiddell. the 
merchant tailor, and at No. 11 JohW 
Ellis, the father of Mr. Ellis at High 
Park, the engraver, and upstairs 
Octavius Thompson, the engraver, Johjn 
Hector, Q. C., a barrister, and James T. 
Smith, the architect. No. 13 was vacant, 
and at No. 15 was Joseph Robinson, in 
the Sheffield House. At No. 17 Thomas 
Maclear & Co. were in retail books, and 
upstairs Dudley & Burns, the printers, 
now of Colborne street, had an office. 
The tall building on the corner of Melinda 
street wa that of Jacques & Hay, a new 
building, the firm having removed from 
the corner of Bay and King streets. This 
shop occupied the site of the news and 
bookstore of Irving & Thompson, after 
wards A. S. Irving. This building was 
divided into three stores. In the centre 
of this building about 1856-57 was estab 
lished the firet news depot in Toronto by 
L. D. Campbell, an American, and the 
entire stock was on a shelf ten feet long 
and a counter 6x3. The shop was ten 
feet front and the site was about under 
the third window of the present Bank of 
Commerce. James Macdonald, the dyer, 
occupied the western third of the shop 
referred to in 1866. The next building 
was the old Commercial Bank building, 
afterwards the Globe. This was convert 
ed into shops about 1860. At No. 23 John 
D. Linton, a nephew of Angus Dallas, had 
a wood and willow ware shop, and at No. 
25 was vacant until May, 1866, when it 
was taken as the business office of the 
Daily Telegraph newspaper. The store to 
the west, also in the Dallas building, was 
occupied by David Wilson, the booti.iaker. 
He had removed from the opposite side of 
the street. At No. 27 William Klopp 
old pipes and tobacco, and at No. 29 



S. M. Shaw had a circulating library, 
while in rear of No. 31 was the restaur 
ant of Arthur Hogben. The Misses Bate 
were fashionable ladies hairdressers at 
No. 31, and R. T. Pocknell was a confec 
tioner at No. 33. McDougall & Co. had 
a news depot at No. 35, about 18, and 
then Waine & Hall, afterwards E. RI. Hall 
& Co., then Rogers & Clayton and George 
Boswell, and finally A. Si. Irving. It is 
the present shop of H. A. Wilson & Co. 
R,. B. Butland was in music at No. 35, as 
his family are to-day. James Bales had 
a tailor ehop at No. 41, and Wm. Win- 
deat, the photographer, and Thos. H. 
Martin, the portrait painter, were up 
stairs, and the late James McGinn had a 
billiard parlour in the ehop known as 
No. 41. Hooper & Co. were at No. 43, 
their present stand, and Phillip Jacobi 
was at No. 47 ; J. Park, No. 49 ; R. S. 
Thompson, 49 1-2 ; D. S. & B. Adams, 
No. 51 ; and the old building of Jacques 
& Hay at the corner of King and Bay 
streets. 

In 1856 the north and south sides of 
Kiiug street west had some of the same 
occupants as in 1866. At the Staunton 
corner Haycraft, Small & Addison had 
a music store, and on King street, to 
the west, were the offices of C. A. Mon- 
delet, S. E. Gregory and C. Bradburne, 
the agent of the Canada Life Company. 
James Jackson was at No. 3, and at 
No. 5 was Anthony Dillon, an artist s 
colourman. At No. 7 Alexander Gem- 
mell, the shoeman, and at No. 9 Parson, 
Johnson & Co., soap and candle men, 
and next door west Thomas Beaty, a 
watchmaker, and J. C. (Pell, the gilder, 
Going west to the corner of Bay were 
the houses of Wm. Higgins, Daniel Davis, 
David Wilson, the bootmaker; Pagerit &. 
Co., James Ashfield, Mrs. Strangs, Mrs. 
Flinn, Charles March (now the Verral 
office), C. & J. Mitchell, Hickman, Lasher 
and Charles Baker. The four last men 
tioned shops are now occupied by the 
Canada Life Building. The corner was 
vacant and was afterwards built on by 
Wm. Cawthra. 

On the south-west side at the corner 
of King and Yonge streets, was, in 1856, 
W. H. Dow, dry goods (No. 2), and up 
stairs Larratt W. Smith, barrister ; Geo. 
T. Berthon, the portrait painter, and 
Stephen Richards, the barrister, had of 
fices. Mr. Berthon was the painter of 
many of the portraits in Oegoode Hall. 
Mr. Richards became the Hon. Stephen 
some years later. At No. 4 Adam Wilson 
afterwards Sir Adam and John Hector 
were in partnership as barristers, and at 
No. 6 Fulton, Michie & Go., were retail 
grocers. At No. 8 John Riddell and Mc 
Lean were merchant tailors, and John 
Ellis conducted an engraving establish- 



64 



LANDMARKS OF TORONTO. 




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LANDMARKS OF TORONTO. 



66 



mnt at No. 8. Upstairs in this building 
were the officer of Kivas Tully, the archi 
tect and civil engineer ; F. F. Passmore, 
the surveyor ; T. C. Bramly, agent of 
the Toronto Brick Company, and C. R. 
Commander, agent of a London publish 
ing company. la No. 10 Matilda Haas 
sold embroidery, and at No. 12 J. C. 
Beckett & Co., the predecessors of Hooper 
<fc Co., had the leading chemiet s shop of 
Toronto. At the corner, where Wheaton 
& Co. are to-day, -was the book shop of 
Andrew H. Armour, a well-known book- 
Beller of the peiiod. The late John Kerr 
was manager for A. H. Armour & Co., 
and Francis Nesbitt was an employe. 
Crossing Jordan street, was the boot 
store of Win. Faulkner, afterwards the 
shop of A. S. Irving, and next door was 
the first newa store in Toronto, that of 
L. D. Campbell. No. 18 was part of the 
Dallas block, and was unoccupied in 1856, 
but No. 20 had Angus Dallas in the wood- 
enware business, and at No. 22 was the 
Globe office. At No. 24 was John Godike, 
the grocer, who, ten years later, was 
west of Bay street on King, in the min 
eral water business. 

An early echoolhouse of York stood in 
rear of A. H. Armour s on the corner. It 
stood on the north-east corner of Jordan 
and Melinda streets, Mr. Thos. Thompson 
being the preceptor and guide to know 
ledge. It was also in this building that 
the Mechanics Institute was organized in 
1830. 

All the original buildings from the St. 
Charles restaurant on Yonge street, 
around King street to Jordan, were 
erected in 1834-36. 

The streets that cut Into four quarters 
the large block of land from Bay street 
to Yonge street, and from King to Well 
ington, are named after Jordan and Me- 
linda Poet, who were early settlers and 
owners. iPcst was a clockmaker, and had 
in 1830 a small shop, a frame building, 
on the south-east corner of Bay and King 
streets. 

CHAPTER XXV. 
A FRONT STREET WEST VIEW. 

The Water Front Betweeii John and Peter 
Streets and the Residence of the Hon. 
George Cruickshank. 

The two most prominent buildings on 
Front street, weat of John, from 1820- 
85, were two private residences, one that 
Of the Hon. George Cruikshanki oe the 
corner of Front and Peter, and the 
second, the dwelling of John Beikie, the 
Clerk of the Executive Council early in 
the century and at one tinp sheriff of 
tto tow of York (1811-12). These build 



ings had an unobstructed view of th 
bay, the island and the lake for nearly 
half a century, not that the view is 
much interfered with in modern days, 
but the ereotion of the waiter-works 
engine hous and of the rows of freight 
sheds, the railway round housea and the 
signal cabins of the Grand Trunk and 
Canadian Pacific to a certain extent 
disene*mt a -new, which from 1800- 
50 was one of the finest in Toronto. 

Front street is the street of all others 
that can lay claim to an antiquity not 
shared by any other in Toronto. When 
Simcoo arrived in York he not only sail 
ed down the bay and up the Don at the 
east end of the bay, but he tramped 
along the embankment that averaged a 
height of thirty and forty feet from the 
spot selected for a fort at the wast end 
of the site chosen for a city, down to a 
few hundred yards of the Don, for at 
that distance the high bank had a gentle 
slope into the bay and river after pass 
ing what was, in later days, the fair 
green, directly w,t>8t of the jail and op 
posite the foot of the present Berkeley 
street. 

The picture marked No. 1 gives Front 
street west from the north-east corner 
of Front and Peter streets to within 
seventy feet of the north-west corner of 
Front and John streets. 

The view gives on the north-east corner 
of Front and Peter streets the original 
residence of the late Hon. George Cruik- 
shank. The house was built in colonial 
cottage style, with a centre building of 
fifteen feet front, and a couple of wing* 
east and west of about twenty feet each, 
and these composed the main building, 
while from each of these winge were 
smaller extensions of about 20 feet, 
which were flanked by wings of fifteen 
feet, the gable windows of each being 
shown in the picture. The house was 
built back from the street line about 60 
feet, and the frontage of the building 
was as in the diagram. The mam en 
trance in the centre front of thia pioneer 
residence, for it was erected about 1800, 
was protected and ornamented with, a 
porch, which had not only a certain 
amount of beauty given it by the colonial 
carpenter, but, according to Mr. William 
Helliwell, who was in Toronto in 1818, 
it was in the summer time covered with 
vines. The centre over the porch was 
peaked, and a small window directly 
over the porch indicated an attic or gar 
ret room, such as was common in houses 
of that date and build. The house was of 
frame ordinary clapboard and painted 
white. Standing as It did some distance 
from the street line, there was room 
for shrube, and the large trees 



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that covered this part of Front street 
as shown in early pictures must have 
made the situation of the dwelling ex 
ceptionally pleasant for its occupants. 
The fact that this cottage residence was 
a pioneer building, erected before the 
War of 1812, is shown by a list of houses 
built before the war on Front street, 
"1, Mr. Cruikshank, 2, Mr. Beikie." In 
1821 Mr. Cruikehauk erected in front of 
the old house a more modern structure 
as given in picture No. 2. This new house 
was of frame, filled in with brick, the 
walls being very thick. It was a roomy 
two-storey residence, and occupied all 
the front of the street line for about a 
hundred feet, the original cottage of 
1805 serving as the rear of the modern 
structure. About 1850 the house (was 
covered with brown stone plaster and 
artistically blocked out a process which 
rather improved its looks. As with the 
pioneer dwelling the residence of 1821 
had a centre with two wings, with a 
large porch or vestibule ornamented in 
colonial style. It is to be noted that not 
only the best residences in York and 
Toronto, but some of the more humble 
cottage buildings, had considerable 
ornamentation about the doors and 
windows. The old porch of "The Grange," 
iiow replaced by stone, and the doorway 
of No. 26 Terauley street, are examples 
of both. The hall of the Cruikshank resi 
dence of 1821 was large and roomy, 
leading out in each side to a spacious 
room, which, for their day, were the 
best appointed in York. On the w^st 
side of the house there were two large 
drawing rooms and a spacious dining 
room and library on the east side, while 
the upper floors had a suite of sleeping 
rooms. The Hon. George Cruikshank, for 
we adhere to the Scotch orthography 
rather than the more modern "Crook- 
shank," although both spellings are con 
sidered correct, was a pioneer in the 
best sense of the term. He was born in 
New York in 1773 of Scotch parents, who 
crossed the ocean before 1770. His 
parents were United Empire Loyalists, 
and after the war of the American 
revolution they emigrated to St. John, 
New Brunswick. 

Miss Catharine Cruikshank, a sister of 
Mr. George Cruikshank, married Mr. John 
McGill, who was the first Receiver-Gen 
eral of Upp^r Canada. Mr. McGill knew 
Governor Simcoe in Virginia, and by him 
w.is invited to settle in Upper Canada. Mr. 
MoGill cot only did so, but advised Mr. 
George Cruikshank to cast his lot in the 
Upper Province. Both gentlemen, there- 
lore, cam* to Yock in 1796, so that both 
had a part in the laying out of the 
embryo city. The Hoii. Fetsr McGill, of 



Montreal, was a son of a sister of Mr. 
John McGill, who married a Mr. Mc- 
Cutcheou. Mr. James McCutcheon was the 
agent of Mr. John McGill in Upper Can 
ada. 

It was in the last year of Simcoe s term 
as Lieutenant-Govemor that Mr. Cruik 
ehank was appointed Deputy Commissary 
General, and after the war retired on 
half-pay. Mr. John McGill was the first 
Receiver-General of the Province of Up 
per Canada. Mr. Cruikshank was a young 
man, only 23 years of age, when he ar 
rived in Toronto, and his energy and 
business sagacity not only gave him the 
opportunity of serving the province in his 
official capacity, but also enabled him 
to advance the interests of the town in 
which he had determined to make his 
future home. During hie term in the 
commissariat he had charge of the build 
ing of the fort at Toronto, and a memor 
andum is extant showing that all the 
material furnished in 1803 for Govern 
ment buildings,including the Government 
house in the fort, were duly acknowledged 
by Mr. Cruikshank. All these buildings 
were, of course, destroyed in the war 
of 181215. On his settlement in To 
ronto Mr. Cruikshauk purchased three 
hundred acres of land, some of which was 
on the bay front, and the rest in the 
worth-western part of the city, west of 
Bathurst street, that part north of 
Queen being known for many years a 
Cruikshank s lane. 

In the records of the York County Regis 
try Office from 1797 to 1861, under the 
grants on Market street, now Wellington, 
"Lot 13, All. 1, August 10, 1801," was 
patented to "George Crookshank," and 
"No. 14, All. 1, June 10, 1801," to the 
"Hon. John McGill." This means that 
one acre on the south side of Market 
etreet (Wellib. gtota), east of Peter and 
south to Front, was patented to Mr. 
Cruikshauk, and the west lot to his 
"brother-in-law, Mr. McGill. In the ic- 
cords of October 17ith, 1843, a half-acre, 
No. 6, was patented, and 1 1-2 and 2 
acres on 10th June, 1837, both parcels; 
to "Hon. George Crookshank," and also 
one acre "south of King," to " George 
Crookshank." In 1821 Mr. Cruikshank 
married an American lady, a Miss Lam 
bert, and by her had a son, George, 
who entered Upper Canada College in 
1843, and who died in the early fifties, 
and a daughter, now the widow of the 
late Mr. Stephen Heward, now residing 
at 38 Peter street. Mr. Cruikshauk was 
a member of the Legislative Council of 
Upper Canada, but after the union of 
the provinces in 1841 he took little or 
no interest in party politics. 

During the occupation of York by tt 



68 



LANDMARKS OF TORONTO. 



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LANDMARKS OF TORONTO. 



69 



Americans, in 1813, the Cruikshank 
bouse was used by American officers. The 
house was divided in 1863 into two 
houses, and was finally pulled down in 
1881. The house of 1801, in the rear, 
which formed part of the structure of 
1821, was pulled down at the same time. 

In the directory of 1833 Peter street 
is "The last street west of the town," 
and "commences in Front street, front 
ing the bay, and runs north," and "at 
the south-east corner, Crookshank, the 
Hon. George, on the left houses build 
ing by the Honourable George Crook- 
ehftnk." These are the red brick houses 
now numbered 38, 50-2, on the west 
side of Peter Street. 

A garden to the east of the Cruik- 
shank house, enclosed within the board 
fence shown, occupied another hundred 
feet, and adjoining this garden on the 
west is shown in print No. 1, the dwell 
ing house of John Beikie, which stood 
on the site of the present Windsor street, 
which was opened about 1854-55. Some 
particulars of John Beikie s life have 
been given in another landmark (pp. 469- 
70,, Vol. I.). The Beikie house was a 
frame, clap-boarded building, with high 
steps, leading up to an open porch, a 
seat on either side, upon which of an 
evening Mr. Beikie had his ease, after 
his official duties were at an end. The 
porch was colonial in shape, like that of 
the Canada Company, on the north-east 
corner of King and Frederick streets. The 
drawing of the Beikie house is a capital 
reproduction of the primitive frame build 
ing, by Mr. Stephen He ward, son of Mrs. 
Heward, 38 Peter street, from the ori 
ginal picture made in 1810. Residents of 
Toronto up to 1860 will remember the 
house, and pioneers may recall the se 
verely plain style of architecture that 
characterized it. 

The Beikie house, given as "No. 2" in 
the list of 1815, was prominent for its 
plainness in architecture, the porch be 
ing about the only bit of carpenter work 
that relieved the monotony of old-time 
wooden buildings. In the directory of 
York for 1833, "Xo. 70," at the north-) 
east corner of Peter and Front streets, 
is "No. 70," the residence of the "Hon. 
George Crookshank," and "No. 68," the 
first house to the east, the residence of 
"John Beikie, Esq., Clerk of the Execu 
tive Council." Mr. Beikie came to York 
alxHit 1802, and from 1820-33 he was 
clerk of the Executive Council of Upper 
Canada. He married some years after 
the war Miss Macdonell, a relative of 
Mr. Alexander Macdonell, of Osgcode Hall 
(1896). Beikie was a well read man, 
and had a remarkable memory. He waa 
a marvel aa a memorizer, and was a 



leading member of the Masonic frater 
nity in Toronto in 1822-30. He was fond 
of gardening, and in front of his house 
a email plot of ground had a few choice 
flowers. He waa also fond of music, his 
favourite instrument being the flute. In 
1803 he was a pew-holder in St. James 
church, and was specially fond of the 
musical service. A story is told that 
he was so fond of music that when Bishop 
Alexander Macdouell, of York, celebrated 
the first mass in the town, that Mr. 
Beikie, notwithstanding the fact that 
he was an Anglican, aided the Bishop 
by leading the singing in connection with 
the service. His house was partly torn 
down early in the fifties. The eastern 
side of it was moved a short distance 
to the east when Windsor street was 
opened. This part of the house has now 
a shop front. Fifty feet further east thau 
the Beikie residence waa in 1810 an open 
space, a bit of the natural forest, with 
a score of tall elms that filled part 
of the acre I6t north to Market (Welling 
ton) street. 

The building on the s/treet line a hun-* 
dred feet east of Beikie s, prior to 1815, 
was that of " Esperlon, a discharged 
soldier from De Wattevill s Regiment, 
built by John Endicott, of Yonge street." 
In a list of houses given as erected be 
fore the war this house is described as 
"No. 3" on Front street. The name is 
sometimes rendered " Ekerlin." This 
house was probably the west building 
of the three given between Beikie a and 
the corner of John street. The build* 
ings at present on the site are part 
of the house. In the directory of 1833 
"Xo. 64" is given as the house of "Eker 1 - 
1 lin, B., Issuer in the Commissiariat 
Store." 

The first house east of Ekerlin s was 

j the Halfway House. This house was built 

after the war for it is not given in the 

official list of houses west of Simcoa 

street. It is possible that it may have 

been added to the Ekerlin house about 

1816-17, and is shown in the picture with 

ai email porch at the front door. It waa 

a favourite place of resort for soldiers 

from the garrison. In the early days the 

Halfway Honse was occupied by officers 

of the garrison and afterwards it became 

a. tavern. The small building east of the 

Halfway House was part of the tavern. 

Between 1840-60 the bar room was in 

I the centre building with the porch. The 

writer resided fnftn 1841-56 on Simcoe 

street and knew all the buildings on Front 

] street, and the Halfway House was a 

I minor landmark in its way, called by its 

j name as indicating halfway between the 

I market and the garrison. It is peculiar 

that the Halfway is not given in the 



70 



LANDMARKS OF TORONTO. 



directory of York from 1833, although 
the house was undoubtedly in existence 
at that time. 

The houses west between the Halfway 
and the corner of John and Front streetp 



frame building painted in ordnance grey 
and contained nfflitia stoPes. Tt was en 
larged in 1840-42, and was about 
hundred and fifty feet in length. On 
top of the enbaukineut, just north of 







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are not given. The military storehouse 
na the Bay shore as shown in the picture 
was built about 1810. It was there in 
1852, just before the filling in of the Es 
planade in front of the city. It was a 



storehouse, and a few feet west, almoet 
opposite the foot of John street, was a 
shed used by the military as a guard 
house, and up to 1855 a sentry alwajw 
paced in front of this small building. 



LANDMARKS OF TORONTO. 



71 



while the guard was regularly relieved 
by the soldiers of whatever regimetnt 
was stationed in the Old Fort, at the 
west end of Front street. The foregoing 
is a description of this Front street view; 
as from 1800-20. 

The original of the picture given as No. 
1 was painted about 1814 by a Mr. (Ir 
vine, a Scotchman, a cousin of Mr. Cruik- 
Khank. who was a pioneer at Detroit dur 
ing the war. 

This fact shows that the Halfway was 
standing before the war. The picture, No. 
2, was the Cruikshank residence from 
1821. This was painted by Mr. William 
Armstrong from a pencil sketch made un 
der the direction of Mrs. Stephen Reward. 
After 1830 there were quite a few 
changes in this locality. East of the 
Beikie house Mr. Peter Robinson, brother 
of Sir J. B. Robinson, erected a twx>- 
storey brick dwelling that is still to the 
fore. He occupied it till his death when , 
Mrs.Heward moved into it. About 1860 the 
late Sir James Lukin Robinson purchas- | 
ed the house,formerly the Beikie residence, 
and opened up Windsor street. The cor 
ner of Front and John streets was oc 
cupied by the Greenland Fishery Taverfu. 
The building with a couple to the east 
of it still remains. That tavern wa 
kept by Edward Wright and was No. 58 
on the Street. The first house west, 60, 
was that of Edward (Jressell, Issuer in the 
CommifliBariat, and at No. 62 William^ 
Heather, bricklayer, and a Mrs. Hutch 
ison, occupied. At No. 64 was the ori 
ginal house of B. Ekerliu, as occupied by 
him in 1812-15, and at No. 66 was a 
frame house, painted white, built prior 
to 1832, the residence of Col. N. Coffin, 
Adjutantt-Geueral of the Militia. All 
these houses in this landmark with the 
exception of the military storehouse, 
were either on or a little north of the 
street line of Front street, and stood 
abou<t a hundred and fiftf - ft-et from the 
edge of the bank that led in some places 
by a eteep incline to the shore below. 
The bank had a slope to the street from 
east to wept at the foot of Peter 
street, and also at the west end of the 
military storehouse, so that descent to a 
splendid beach was not difficiOt. 

The Greenland Fishery Tavern is given 
In a landmark at page 48, vol. I. 

The originals of the sketches from which 
:ae thie prints are made are in the pos 
session of Mrs. Stephen Howard, who 
baa not only kindly loaned the pictures 
for the purpose of re-production, but 
has also verified the description of this 
old spot of early York. 



CHAPTER XXVI. 
FRONT STREET NEAR YONGE. 

A View That Recalls Quite a Number of th 
Old Buildings A. Busy Thoroughfare for 
the Past Sixty Years. 

Front street to the east of Yonge, es 
pecially on the north side, was a busy 
thoroughfare from 1840. The American 
Hotel, built about 1844, on the site of 
the Sherwood residence, was much fre 
quented by travellers, and when in the 
fifties the steamer trade became active 
citizens from the east end always came 
by way of Front street to Yonge street. 

On the 20th June, 1837, when Queen 
Victoria was proclaimed Queen an ox was 
roasted on the vacant space at the cor 
ner of Yonge street, where the Sherwood 
House stood, and where the American 
Hotel, which was Nos. 2 and 4, on Frofnt 
street, was afterwards built. In 1870. 
the year of this landmark, at No. 8 
Nicol Milloy was agent for lake steamers, 
and at No. 10, one door further east, JPar- 
son Bros, were dealers in oils and lamps. 
This site is now the Board of Trade 
building. Nos. 12-16, two storey brick 
dwellings were built in 1842, but 
converted into business places about 
1850. At No. 12-14 the Machine Made 
Hat Company had its factory, and at 
No. 16 W. D. Matthews & Co., the com 
mission merchants in grain, who to-day 
do one of the largest businesses in this 
line in Canada. The Grand Trunk rail 
way had Richard Arnold, a genial and 
affable man ae their agent at No. 24. 
and in the same building Henry Bour- 
lier, the pioneer agent of the Allan 
line, had his office. He is still as ener 
getic as ever for the same company. The 
building occupied by Messrs. Arnold aad 
Bourlier was a small red brick building, 
erected about 1870, on the north-west 
corner of Front and Scott streets. Be 
fore that time the fruit garden of 
Mrs. Carfrae and of Stedman B. Camp 
bell occupied this site. Across the street 
was the Niagara House, a restaurant, 
kept by Wm. Guest. This building was 
at one time a theatre. Two doors east at 
No. 32 was the Newbiggiug House, 
the building that, .prior to 1862 
was the North American Hotel kept by 
Mr. Horwood. In 1870 John Shedden A 
Co., cartage agents, were in a brick 
cottage. No. 42, that had been in the 
days of 1835-41 the Customs house. This 
site in 1872 was known as Nos. 36-38. 
and on it stood the Royal Canadian Bank 
buildings which ran through to Welling-" 
ton street. The buildings east of this on 
Front street were occupied by office*. J. 
Leckie at No. 42 and J. Bailie at th 
same number. No. 50 had Jamee Rough. 



72 



LANDMARKS OF TORONTO. 




LANDMARKS OF TORONTO. 



73 



the flour inspector, and also Douglas 
Laidlaw, corn merchant, D. Davidson, 
<rain dealer, J. Harris, grain inspector, 
E. M. Carruthers & Co., agents. Mr. 
Carruthers was a brother of the Car 
ruthers, of Inverness, Scotland, Courier, 
a leading paper, J. E. Jacques & Co., 
a,nd W. & H. Jacques, all Montreal men, 
connected with freight steamer lines. 
At No. 52 M. & L. Samuel were iin iron, 
as they are to-day, on Front street west, 
as the firm of M. L. Samuel & .Benjamin, 
and at No. 54 J. & A. Clark twerecommis>- 
eion merchants, and J. Laidlaw, also a 
merchant. At No. 56 W. B. Scarth, the 
present Deputy Minister of Agriculture 
for the Dominion, was a timber merchant, 
and at No. 58 the Dominion Telegraph: 
Company had offices, and also William 
Thorn, merchant. 

From No. 50 was the Coffin block, re 
cently torn down to be replaced by the 
handsome building of the Gooderham & 
Worts Co. 

The building in the picture to the east 
of the Newbigging House, is the rear of 
the warehouse of John Macdonald & Co. 
which fronted on Wellington street. 

On the opposite side of the street, op 
posite the Niagara House, is the building 
of Frank Smith & Co., now occupied by 
Eby, Blain & Co. The fence on the south 
west corner of Scott and Front enclosed a 
coal yard now the warehouse of E. C. Eck- 
hardt & Co., formerly occupied by Eby, 
Blain & Co., is on this site. The buildings 
in the back ground, far to the east, are 
the Manning block on the north side of 
Front, east of Church. 

It will be of interest in this landmark 
to go back to an earlier period, that 
of 1856, when the buildings were about 
the same, but the tenants were mostly 
men who were active in many business 
callings before the year 1850. 

In 1856 the corner of Front street had 
the American Hotel, with N. F. Pearson 
&8 proprietor, while in the building on 
Front street, to the east of the hotel, 
was the offices of Humphrey, Camp & 
Patterson, contractors and agents. J. 
B. Gordon was a coal agent in the same 
building. A large white brick building, 
with the sign Parson Bros, on the roof, 
was in 1856 the Royal mail steamer 
office, and in it also the office of L. H. 
Daniels, a popular steamboat agent, 
whose energy in business was leavensd 
with a manner that made him many 
friends. In build he was as straight as 
an arrow, and old time hairdressers said 
that he had the finest head of hair in 
Toronto. He is yet active as the ac 
commodating host of the leading hotel 
in Preecott, Ont. T. D. Shipman, a vet 
eran railway and steamboat man, thin 



and spare in build and a quick thinker 
in business, was also in this office. Both 
Daniels and Shipman were connected 
with the Royal mail line. In the row 
of two-storey red brick buildings to the 
east was the harbour office, with Hugh 
Richardson as harbourmaster. There i 
a small photograph of him in the Board 
of Trade office. In the centre building 
resided Samuel Sherwood, chief of police, 
who was afterwards city registrar. The 
original Corn Exchange was in the east 
of the row, with R. A. Goodenough as 
secretary, and at the corner of Scott 
street was Richard Arnold s Grand Trunk 
ticket office. William Wainwrighit and 
James Stephenson, late of the Grand 
Trunk at Montreal, are sons-in-law of the 
late Mr. Arnold. On the north-west cor 
ner of Front and Scott John Smith and 
Frank Flood, his assistant, had the In 
ternational ticket office. Flood took 
pride in always being up to the fashion 
in dress. The next building was the 
North American Hotel, which was then 
unoccupied. In the private dwelling to 
the east was the residence of the late 
William Newbigging. The portion of 
this street to the east has been given in 
another landmark. 



CHAPTER XXVH. 
A YONGE_SECTION. 

Tbe \orth west and North-east Corner* of 
the Great Business Thorongbfare of Forty 
Years ago. 

Forty years ago, while Tonge street 
was one of the great thoroughfares of 
Toronto, it had not the importance as 
a business street that ir has to-day. In 
the early fifties Yonge street, as far as 
the city proper was concerned, was but 
two mile^ in length, while to-day it is 
not only the busy haunt of the bargain 
hunters, but its length has been extended 
another mile or so into the County of 
York, so that from Toronto Bay to the 
south line of Mount Pleasant cemeterp- 
we have a business street that is a ^vast 
improvement on the days of half a cen 
tury ago. 

The lower end of Youge street prior to 
1866 was pre-eminently the centre of the 
wholesale dry goods district. But with 
in a few years of the period named, he 
dry goods men sought better quarters, 
and Wellington street east and west, and 
Front street, especially to the west of 
Yonge, secured in new and improved 
warehouses, not only what remained of 
the Yonge street wholesale trade, but 
that of new comers, who sought wealth 
in that particular line within the limits 
of Toronto 



LANDMARKS OF TORONTO. 



Youge street, iiorth of King and up to 
Queen, shared to a small extent the dry 
goods trade of King street, east of Yonge, 
For in the latter section the retail dry 
goods men reigned supreme as early as 
1836-40, and, aided by the fact that the 
market place was east of Church, secured 
not only the trade of the farmers of York 
county, but that of the citizens of Tor 
onto, whose favorite shops were nearly 
all on the south side of King, from Yquge 
street to Church. The farmers and out 
of town people were the reliable cus 
tomers of the range of shops located on 
the south and north sides of King street, 
as far east even as the old boundary 
of the Home Distinct, known then as it 
is now, as George street. 

But business centres change and the 
dry goods man, like the pioneer of civil 
ization, has moved west. King street 
east has but few of the great shops of 
forty years ago, and when the sigu on 
the south side of King street of the vet 
eran dry goods man, James Scott, who 
now retires after a successful business 
career of over fifty years, is taken down, 
the eastern limit of the retail dry goods 
man will not be east of the Leader lane. 

Youge street, north of King to Ade 
laide, in the early fifties, had a miscel 
laneous number of dealers on its west 
ern side, clothiers, auctioneers, tailors, 
druggists, boot makers and hardware 
men, with a sprinkling of small dry goods 
men. North of Adelaide, on both sides 
of the street it was about the same. The 
stores were occupied by the various 
lines of trade, and the upper rooms of 
many of tue Lmimiugs were rented to 
printers and publishers, barristers and 
book agents at rents far more moderate 
than in tnese days of active business 
life. 

The first buildings that marked an era 
of improvement on Yonge street in 1852- 
63 were those oh. the north-west and 
north-east corners of Youge and Ade 
laide streets, the two rows which are 
prominent in the foreground of the pic 
ture illustrating this chapter. The south 
west corner of Yonge and Adelaide streets 
was early in the century occupied by 
the tannery of Jesse Ketchum. His house 
and grounds were on the north-west cor 
ner of Yonge and Adelaide streets, and 
Extended a hundred feet north. In the 
forties a row of wooden buildings oc 
cupied the site after the demolition, 
of the Ketchum dwelling, and this row, 
which was destroyed by fire, was suc 
ceeded in 1850 by the brick row shown 
and known as the Elgin Buildings. These 
-were erected by Mr. Jesse Ketchum, jr., 
and some of the southern shops in the 
row are now in the possession of the 



Sheard family, having belonged to the 
late Joseph Sheard, the architect, at one 
time Mayor of the city, and one promin 
ent in municipal reform. The name 
"Elgin" was selected in honour of Lord 
Elgin, who! in 1847-54 was the Governor 
of Upper and Lower Canada. 

The first shop on the left hand was 
that of James & William McDonald, dry 
goodf dealers, who occupied the ground 
floor of the double store, No. 79, on 
tho corner. The members of this firm 
were two brothers, who from 1852 to 
1850 carried on the business. Mr. Win. 
McDonald went subsequently to Mel 
bourne, Australia, and Mr. James McDon 
ald is still a resident of this city. His 
eon is Mr. William McDonald, of Kerr, 
McDonald & Davidson, barristers, To 
ronto- 

In one of the upper rooms in the build 
ing was the office of Mr. J. R. Joces, a 
barrister, a relative of the Hon. Robt. 
Jones, of L Orignal. Another portion of 
the upper offices was occupied by Wil 
liam Lyou McKenzie, the editor and pro 
prietor of the Weekly Messenger. The 
work of typesetting was performed on 
the third floor, and the Message was 
worked off every week on a Washington 
hand press, the favourite machine for 
printers who did not find it convenient 
to use the cylinder press, twhich was 
worked by steam and which was, in those 
days, considered a novelty. 

No. 81 was a double store, divided 
into single stores and occupied by George 
Balfour, a tailor, and William Hamilton, 
a boot and shoe maker, who died some 
years ago. 

The ground floor and basement of No. 
83 were leased from Mr. Ketchum by 
John nnd William Frederick Cowan, sons 
of Mr. Thomas Smith Cowan, a native 
of County Fermanagh, Ireland, who emi 
grated to Canada in 1840. 

The brothers Cowan carried on a re 
tail dry goods business at No. 83 (Elgin 
Buildings) Yonge street, under the style 
of J. & W. Cowan, from 1854 until the 
expiration of their lease in 1859, when 
they removed to premises owned by Mr. 
J. A. Smith, on the south-west corner of 
Yonge and Richmond streets, continuing 
their avocation at the latter locality 
until 1867. G orge Ridout, tbe barrister, 
Hugh Rodgora, the agent of th 
book subscription firm of Virtue & Co., 
and Patrick Russell, a tailor, also divid 
ed between them a portion of the upper 
part of the building. 

No. 85 was two single stores, the south 
one occupied by John T,yuer, the boot 
maker, father of two bright press men. 
Christopher Tyner, editor of the Hamil 
ton Times, and Adam Clarke Tyuer, of 






LANDMARKS OF TORONTO. 



75 



the Toronto Daily Telegraph. Mr. William 
Marston, an experienced gunmaker, oc 
cupied the north shop of No. 85. He 
afterwards moved to the opposite side 
of the street and carried on business for 
several years and then went out of busi 
ness. 

The buildings from the north end of 
the Elgin buildings were three, built of 
red brick. These three are given in 
a sketch made by Mr. William Edwards, 
which is given with this landmark. 

The house to the left of the reader was 
built by Alex. McGlashau, and occupied by 
a grocer in 1851. It was shortly after 
occupied by the late Charles Moore in 
the grocery and liquor business, then up 
to 1895 by George Sproule, in the picture 
and art business. Mr. Moore s establish 
ment was known as " The Chequered 
Store." He removed to Wellington street 
and carried on a wholesale business 
The centre house was Duilt and occu 
pied by Matthew Shore, saddler, until 
1851, when he was bought out and suc 
ceeded by Wm. and Robert Edwards, who, 
in 1851, were succeeded by William and 
John Edwards, in the stationery and 
wall paper business. Mr. William Ed 
wards was for many years active in con 
nection with the Mechanics Institute, the 
Agricultural and Arts Association, and is 
now secretary of the Department of Pub 
lic Works of Ontario (1895). 

The south-west corner ot Xoujre nml 
Temperance streets was prior to 1851 
occupied by a Mr. Wilson as a furni 
ture store, with his work shop on Tem 
pera-nee street. Subsequently it was oc 
cupied by the late Edward Lawson, in 
the grocery and confectionery buine*, 
and succeeded in the same by Dodgson, 
Shields & Morton. 

All these stores were subsequently oc 
cupied by other parties than these above 
mentioned, until in the year 1895 all 
three were taken by and altered and fit 
ted up and occupied by the John Eaton 
Company s departmental store. 

Here Temperance street intersected, 
and crossing the roadway north was the 
shop at No. 93, of J. Belton, boot and 
shoe maker, and John Foggin, a quiet and 
easy going man, who was a dyer. Next 
in No. 95, was William Steward, a sad 
dler, and at No. 97 John Wallis carried 
on business as a leather merchant. Mr. 
Belton married the widow of the late 
John Wallis, and continued in the leather 
business for a number of years. He has 
retired from business, and now resides 
on the west side of Yonge street, near 
Agnes street. 

At No. 99 Alexander Kattray, the 
baker, father of W. J. Rattray, a clever 
newspaper writer, a man of great abil 



ity, and at 99 1-2 Richard Reynolds, the 
boot maker, who is still to the fore on 
Yonge street, at the corner of Bread- 
albane street. 

At No. 101 Robert Higiginbotham, also 
was in the boot business, and at 101 1-2 
George W. Gary, a hair dresser, after 
wards in the Ilossin House, on York 
street. Gerge W. Gary was a man of 
colour, most corteous to his customers, an 
easy shaver and noted for the excellent 
edge of his razors. 

Nos. 103 and 101, the two stores at 
the south- west corner of Yonge and Rioh- 
inond streets, were two red brick build 
ings, which were erected by a Mr. Purk- 
is, from whom George Bilton, a retired 
King street merchant tailor, had pre 
viously purchased the property with the 
iiitetitiou of opening a retail dry goods 
store. 

No. 103 contained Marmaduke Pear 
son s familiar form. Mr. Pearson who 
carried on a retail dry goods business, 
was formerly a partner of Mr. Thomas 
Thompson, of " The Mammoth," under the 
style of Thompson & Pearson. In 1853 
the premises were known as " The Large 
103," the name being given to it because 
of the large six foot figures painted on 
the front of the building. Mr. Pearsolh 
occupied this building and the corner 
building immediately north contin 
uously for thirty years, retiring in 1883. 
Mr. Pearson was born in Dublin, Ireland, 
and is one of the few pioneer merchantte 
of the city now living. 

In the shop imrnedia/tely south of 
the corner Senator John Macdonald, 
who subsequently represented West Tor 
onto in the Parliament of United Canada, 
and was eventually appointed to the 
Dominion Senate, inaugurated a few 
years prior to 1854, the first exclusively 
retail dry goods business on Youge street. 
After a short and successful career Mr. 
Macdouald, finding inadequate scope for 
the exercise of his energies within the 
limits incident to retail operations, sold 
out his Yonge street business to Marma 
duke Pearson, and thereafter devoted his 
efforts to the conduct of a wholesale dry 
goods trade, which he established on the 
north side of Wellington street, near the 
Imperial Bank, next the present Bo 
dega, and in premises owned by Mr. 
Charles Berczy, postmaster of Toronto, 
finally erecting, to meet the growing re 
quirements of his business, the imposing 
stone structure situated on the south 
side of Wellington street. 

The premises at the north-east corner 
of Wellington street and Leader Lane 
were for several years, subsequent to Mr. 
Macdouald s tenure, utilized by Messrs. 
Rolph, Smith & Co. as a lithographic 



76 



LANDMARKS OF TORONTO. 




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LANDMARKS OF TORONTO. 



77 



printing establishment, and are now 
known to f;iine as the Bodega restaurant. 

At the south-west corner of Richmond 
and Yonge streets, already referred to, 
for bare Richmond street intersects, were 
George Bilton and William Blakely, also 
dry goods men. Mr. Blakely is an active 
member of the Plymouth brethren. He 
retired from busiiie3s some years ago and 
still resides in Toronto. 

Soon after acquiring the two brick 
buildings at the south-west corner, Mr. 
Bilton conveyed the title to Mr. I. A. 
Smith (known as Yorkshire Smith) as a 
consideration, in whole or part, for the 
dry goods stock of the latter on his with- 
dra/wal from a business which he had 
for many years successfully prosecuted, 
latterly at the north-west . corner of 
King and Francis streets. Mr. Biltou re 
linquished the dry goods business after 
a, comparatively short experience. 
Messrs. Cowan, who had beea in business 
at No. S3 Youge street, succeeding Mr. 
Biltou in the occupation of the premises, 
which had remained for some time 
vacant. 

In 1860 \V. F. Cowan removed from To 
ronto to Oshawa, at which point and at 
Prince Albert, Ontario county, he opened 
;i branch of the business of his 
firm, a a general country store. On 
the expiration of the lease of the pren> 
ises at the south-west corner of Yonge 
an 1 ! Richmond streets, Toronto, in 18G6, J. 
& W. Cowan closed their Toronto business. 

The succeeding year, 1867, John Cowan 
also removed to Oshawa, and, withdraw 
ing from the firm, became a partner 
with Mr. A. S. Whiting, at the Cedar j 
Dale Works, in Oshawa, where the man- \ 
ufasture of scythes, hoes, forks and other | 
hand implements had previously been in- j 
augurated and conducted on an extensive 
scale by Mr. Whiting. During Mr. Cowan s 
connection with the business a portion of 
the ^product had found its way to Eng 
land, and the circumstance resulted in 
the ojieuing of a warehouse and the ap 
pointment of a resident agent at Liver 
pool, by mean of which a considerable 
export trade was created and carried on 
for a number of years. 

Abcut 1880 W. F. Cowan retired from 
the mercantile business, and since his ar 
rival iu Oshawa has. in conjunction with 
hie brother, been associated with the 
promotion of a stove foundry and milling 
business ther?., also in establishing at 
Oshawa,, iu 1872, the manufacture of mal 
leable iron castings. With the latter in 
dustry both bi other* aro still comiect- 
Sinee their removal to Oshawa, where 
lby continuo to reside, Messrs. J. and 
W. F. Cowan h:;ve become associated with 
banking .^nd IO.IM company interests, the i 



former being president of the Western 
I Bank and a director of the Ontario Loan 
| and Savings Company. Both of these in- 
i Ktitutions have their headquarters at 
Oshawa. 

W. F. Cowan succeeded the late Hon. 
T. N. Gibbs in the presidency of the 
I Ontario Loan and Savings Company and 
the Standard Bank. 

The street further north to Queen street 
has been given in another chapter, but 
in 1856 the shops were occupied as fol 
lows : No. 107, John Harrison ; 109, Thos. 
Newman ; 111, Thos. Brownscombe ; and 
No. 113, J. Grogau & Son, all boot and 
shoe makers. 

At No. 115 was Charles Roberts, a 
cabinet maker, and at No. 117 R. B. 
Joy, a confectioner, and E. & H. Hurd, 
marble dealers. At No. 119 R. B. Joy 
had a hair-dressing shop, and William 
Bell kept watches and clocks in the 
north half of this building, while Nos. 
121-3-5 were the figures over the doors 
of James Leask, grocer and dry goods 
merchant, whose name in Toronto, espe 
cially to the old Scotch families, was a 
household word. 

The brick store at the south-west cor 
ner of Yonge and Queen streets was, in 
1856, unoccupied. It had originally been 
built by William Mather, of Yonge street, 
near Eglinton, and was subsequently oc 
cupied by Timothy Eaton, who started 
his business in this shop. After 
Eaton s removal north of Queen street 
the site became the property of Robert 
Simpson, and on this site now stands the 
immense pile of buildings, which front on 
this corner south on Yonge and west on 
Queen street, and which was re-opened 
in January, 1896, after the disastrous 
fire of a year ago. 

Returning again to the place of start 
ing, at the north-west corner of Yonge 
and Adelaide streets, and crossing the 
street to the north-east corner, there 
was a sign-board familiar not only to 
citizens, but to the farmers of Upper 
Canada. Shaw s axes, as well* as the 
name of the makers, S. Shaw & Son, No. 
78, the hardware merchants, were well 
known throughout the province. The 
senior partner was Samuel Shaw, father 
of Mr. Samuel Shaw, the insurance agent, 
now of King street, near Toronto street. 
Next door north, No. 80, J. W. Millar, 
the watchmaker and jeweller, had his 
shop. After his death James and Robert 
Morrison, his nephews, carried on the 
business, and removed to King street 
east, in the Market block, and a few 
years ago to the second door west of 
Church, on the south side of King. On 
the death of Mr. Robert Morrison, a few 
mouths ago, the business, which had 



78 



LANDMARKS OF TORONTO. 



been in existence for over sixty years, 
wa closed out. 

Mr. James Jennings, au insurance agent, 
at corner of King and Youge stie.. OB 
preceded for some years Mr. Timothy 
Eaton at this stand, prior to 
commencing the wholesale dry goods 
business in partnership with a Mr. 
Brandon, of Montreal, at Wellington 
street east, near Yonge. Previous to Mr. 
Jennings tenure of the corner the firm 
of Hill & Grose occupied it for less than 
two years as a retail dry goods store. 

At No. 82 two single shops were oc 
cupied by W. E. Robertson, a clothier, 
and Robert Cathron, a dry goods dealer. 
After Mr. Cathron retired from business 
he joined the Freehold Building Society, 
as cashier, and only severed his connec 
tion with it a few mouths ago 1896. 

At No. 84 A. H. Earl carried on. a re- : 
tail dry goods business. George S. Glea- 
.son made shoes one door north, and one 
Craig, also a manuiacturer, were an in 
this one building. 

At No. 86 John Hawke, who died long 
ago, fitted customers with boots and 
shoes, while at No. 88 Charles Mabley, 
a tailor; William Kenwood, a tailor; 
and T. Lambert, a bootmaker, since 
dead, did business. 

Mabley s brothers were in business in 
the St. Lawrence block, on King street | 
east, and one of them subsequently ( 
migrated to Detroit, where he built up 
a colossal business. He died a few years j 
ago, after accumulating great wealth. 
His trade^ in Toronto was a few thou 
sands yearly. In Detroit it was consid er- 
aoly over a minion a jcttr. 

At No. 881-2 Merryfield & Shannon 
were bootmakers. The first named was 
subsequently for many years in the south 
Btore of the Cameron block, on the west 
side of Yongc, north of Queen. At No. 
90 Thomas Robinson was a clothier and 
dry goods man. One door north was the 
shop of N. C. Love, the druggist, given 
in the directory as No. 88, but it must i 
have been No. 92. Mr. Love was 
a prominent man in business and 
In municipal politics. He was an j 
alderman of the city for years, I 
was one always on the side of economy i 
and was noted for his business integrity 
and continuous watching of the interests 
of the city. It was in his shop, when on 
the south-east corner of Yonge and Rich 
mond streets, at a later period, that the 
motion wae drawn up, based on the sug 
gestion of The Telegram, that the re 
porters be admitted to the committees 
of the City Council. 

At No. 94, John Poison, a bootmaker, 
who died on his farm at Weston, and 
John Heron, a dry goods man, carried 



on business, and the last shop in this- 
row, that of William Howard, the 
grocer. All this row, from Shaw s store, 
was erected for various owners by Mr. 
Joseph Sheard, the architect. 

Then came the well known ouilding, 
with its large yard, known as the Bay 
Horse Hotel, kept by Thomas Best. This 
waa a house built in the early forties 
and kept by David Lackie, who wae suc 
ceeded by Thomas Elgie, and then by 
Thos. Best, and in turn by Thomas Best, 
jr., and finally to Brelsford. The Bay 
Horse Hotel and other Tmildmg-; ha,ve 
made way for the Yonge street arcade, 
but the buildings to the north and south 
are not much changed from those of 
1856. The watch establishment of E. M. 
Morphy wae one door north of the Bay 
Horse. 

At No. 100 Nudel & Acres had a dry 
goods store. Mr. Nudel (J. T.) was after 
wards Clerk of the Police Court. Nudel 
& Acres succeeded James & William 
McDonald in No. 79 Yonge street, and 
were in turn succeeded by a Mr. Wylie, 
now an insurance agent or inspector. At 
No. 102 J. Gardner was a grocer. This 
gentleman was afterwards Capt. Gardner, 
of the Highland Company. At No. 104 the 
late A. M. Smith carried on an extensive 
business in the same line. Mr. Smith was 
subsequently the senior partner of the 
firm of Smith & Keighley, on the north 
side of Wellington stre A t, near Yonge, 
and on the south side of Front street. He 
accumulated large wealth and was pro 
minent in mercantile, insurance 
and banking circles. He died last year 
(1895) at an advanced age, and by his 
death Toronto lost a leading man and 
a useful citizen. 

At No. 106 was the establishment of 
J. Cox, a dry goods dealer, and in the 
same building W. B. Clark, a commission, 
agent. At No. 108 were Charles & Co., 
grocers, and at the south-east corner of 
Yonge and "Richmond streets, Shapter & 
Coombe, the druggists, a shop that was 
efterjwards occupied by N. C. Love iu 
the seme business. > 

Prior to Shnptor air! Coombe s occu 
pation, one He^iry J. Ease, formerly a 
clerk with a Mr. Bettridge, carried on 
a drug business in this corner until 1862. 
Mr. Bettridge, a brother of the vener 
able William Bettridge, so long rec 
tor of Woodstock, Ontario, was in his 
business methods a rigid disciplinarian. 
Reserved, too, in hie deportment with his 
employes and his partners, he may in 
this as also some other features be char 
acterized ae a typical English trades 
man. Mr. Bettridge insisted upon his 
clerks, who, as not then unusual, lodged 
upon his premises, reporting themselves 



LANDMARKS OF TORONTO. 



7& 



not later than ien o clock, with the ex 
ception of Saturday, when, as late clos 
ing obtained, no egress in the evening 
was practical under his regulations. After 
the closing hour on Saturdays his ap- 
|.reD.tices services were availed of for 
the treatment of his counter tops with 
a coating of linseed oil and beeswax. 
This, supplemented by a liberal expen 
diture of elbow grease, imparted in the 
course of time a rich tone to those 
portions of his shop fittings, much more, 
it is surmised toi Mr.Bettridge s satisfac 
tion and that of a few natty ooserviers,. 
than to the appreciation of the man 
ipulators. 

At the north-east corner of Yonge and 
Queen streets not embraced in the text 
Alexander Henderson conducted a store 
(dry goods and grocery) for some years. 
Mr. John Rowland succeeded Mr. Hender 
son in the premises instanced, and nt 
least for several years (if not from the 
commencement) confined himself to the 
dry goods trade. 

The picture does not give the build 
ings north of this to Queen street, but 
the shops were occupied, at No. 112, by 
Frank Bethell & Sons, the grocers; No. 
114 by William Hill, a dry goods dealer. 
These were at the north-east corner of 
Tonge and Richmond, and with J. 
R. Armstrong & Co., the founders, alt 
No. 116, occupied the present Bite of the 
Confederation Life Building. At No. 118 
was the Globe Hotel, kept in earlier years 
by Thomas Elgie, but in 1856 by Samuel 
Thompson. It is now the Tremont House, 
although after the building of the Tonge 
Street Arcade the Bay Horse was re 
moved to this building. In an upper 
room in the north portion of this build 
ing was for years the Oddfellows Hall. 
At No. 120 was Thomas Robinson, a bar 
ber, a pleasant, quick-talking English 
man, who, it was said, could shave the 
upper lip of seven men in five minutes. 
At No. 122 was William Hogg, the gro 
cer, and at No. 124 Joseph Hodgson, a 
fine specimen of an Englishman, a tin 
smith, who did an extensive trade. At 
the south-east corner of Tonge and Queen 
streets was the store of Andrew Mc- 
Glashan & Co., who had a tannery on 
Tonge street, at Tork Mills, leading 
leather merchants, and in the upper part 
of the building James Dove, Clerk, Dunn, 
a tailor, and Hugh 0. Thomson, the cor 
responding secretary of the Board of 
Agriculture. 



CHAPTER XXV11I. 
THE MARKET_ BLOCK. 

"The City Bulldlngs"-A Row of Red Brick 
Shops That Less Than Fifty Years ago wu. 
the Retail Dry Goods Centre of Toronto. 

The picture in this landmark was taken 
in 1872, and the names on the signs of 
the shops will be familiar to a large 
number of citizens who to-day pass along 
the south side of King street east. This 
block is built upon leasehold property be 
longing to the corporation of Toronto, 
and extends from Church to West Market 
streets, and from King to Colborne 
streets. The buildings are a row of red 
brick, erected between 1836 and 1840. 
Owing to the fact that between 1834 
1856 there are no street keys in the di 
rectories issued, it is impossible to give 
the exact location of the shops and stores 
referred to in the landmark at an earlier 
date than 1856. In the latter year, 
which we deal with first, at the south 
east corner of King and Church streets, 
G. S. Bowes was an importer of dry 
goods. One door east, at No. 74, William 
Jamieson was also in dry goods, and at 
No. 76, the third door from the corner, 
Joseph Rogers, the pioneer hatter and 
furrier of Tork, had his shop. Mr. Rogers 
was in business in Toronto about 1817 
in the same locality. At No. 80 George 
Longman was an importer of dry goods, 
and at No. 82 Dallas & Hamilton were 
in the same line. John Tully, the archi 
tect, brother of Kivas Tully, had an of 
fice over No. 82. At No. 84 E. Cooper 
was in dry goods, and John Mulholland 
& Co. were earthenware dealers. At No. 
88 W. H. Rowe was in boots and shoes, 
and in the eastern half of the shop was 
Brown & McCrosson s establishment, the 
latter gentleman, Mr. Thomas McCrosson, 
now being the superintendent of the peni 
tentiary at Penetanguisheue. At No. 89 
E. Crawford was in millinery, and at No. 
90 Francis O Dea was a clothier. Next 
door east of O Dea s were " The City 
Buildings," a row first built on this 
ground by the corporation. No. 92 was 
occupied by Thomas Hoskins, importer of 
dry goods, and the eastern part of the 
shop by James H. Rogers, the hatter, son 
of Mr. Joseph Rogers. Mr. J. H. Rogers is 
now at the corner of Church street. At No. 
94 J. M. Campbell was in dry goods. 
At No. 96 W. B. Hamilton was in mer 
chant tailoring, and at No. 98 Robert 
W. Champion was a hardware dealer, 
and in the same building Wm. Langley, 
manufactured boots and shoes. At No. 
100 R. Hastings had a retail dry good* 
establishment, and at No. 102 J. Hut 
chison was in boots and shoes, and in the 
eastern half of the same number Wil- 



80 



LANDMARKS OF TORONTO. 




LANDMARKS OF TORONTO. 



81 



Ham Macfie had a fashionable dry goods 
etore. At the corner a well-known man, 
Walter McFarlaue. was also in retail dry 
goods. Messrs. Macfie aiid McFarlaue 
were both Scotchmen and popular with 
a large Scotch colony in Toronto in those 
days. Mrs. Baldwin Jackes, of St. Joseph 
street, is a daughter of Mr. Macfie. Mr. 
Walter McFarlaue afterwards went to 
the county of Huron, where he died some 
years ago. 

In 1866 No. 103, the third store from 
the corner, was occupied by J. H. Rogers, 
No. 105 at the corner, and No. 107, the 
second shop, being vacant. The fourth 
shop was No. Ill, that of McCrossoii & 
Co., hatters. In the upper floor of this 
building, No. 117, was E. J. IPalmer, the 
photographer, and W. Hines, also 
in that business. iPalmer was a 
pioneer in his line. He was the first 
man in Toronto to introduce pho 
tography and had the ruai of the best 
business in the city. He subsequently 
went into the trade of photographers 
supplies, and was succeeded in business 
on King street near Youge by Mr. J. B. 
Hay, now an official of the City Hall, 
and in his time an expert at his work. 
The tall building. No. 119, was the large 
retail house of G. & J. W. Cor, enterpris 
ing dry goods men, and the largest 
newspaper advertisers of the period. At 
No. 32.3 James H. Jones sold fruit, and 
on a Saturday night in the peach season 
this lucioiis fruit was, after nine o clock, 
offered at twelve and a half cents a 
basket, for, as Mr. Jones said, " It won t 
keep over Sunday." A hundred peaches 
for an English six pence was not bad 
value. 

In 1872, the year that the photograph 
from which this sketch is made, the 
south-east corner of Church and King, 
No. 105, was occupied by R. J. Hunter 
& Co., in dr3^ goods. It is now the mart 
of J. H. Rogers, the furrier. The old firm 
of Crowther & Till, the barristers, had 
offices in the first floor of this building. 
In No. 107 A. Blachford sold boots and 
hoes. Neither of these two stores is 
in the picture, the first shop shown being 
that of James H. Eogersi, the hatter and 
furrier, No. 109. Mr. Joseph Rogers, 
father of J. H. Rogers, was in business in 
this locality about sixty years anterior to 
1872. At No. Ill Thos. McCrosson, the 
batter, had his store. McCrosson went 
out of business a few years later. 

From Nos. 115 to 121 G. & J. W. Cos 
had a large dry goods house. In their 
day the Messrs. Cox were the largest 
newspaper advertisers in Toronto. In 
the top floor of this bulding was the 
Btudio of Eli J. Palmer, photographer in 
Toronto. He was succeeded a few years 



later by J. B. Hay, now an official in 
the City Hall. The shop No. 125, was 
that of James Lane & Co., boot and shoe 
dealers, and No. 127 was occupied by E. 
Pearson in dry goods. George S. Sack- 
man, the tailor, occupied No. 127, and H. 
Caldwell, the hatter, was at No. 129. 
The stores east from those occupied by 
Messrs. Cox were double shops divided. 
Nos. 137-139 comprised the fur and hat 
store of Mr. C. K. Rogers, a son of Mr. 
Joseph Rogers and brother of J. H. 
Rogers. Messrs. P. & N. Melady were in 
dry goods and subsequently conducted an 
auction business in that branch of trade. 
No. 145 was the emporium of J. Foster 
& Son, a hardware house, on this site and 
in this block for many years. In No. 
147 C. Martin & Co. were tailors, and at 
No. 149 J. Barnes dealt in boots aoid 
shoes, while at No. 151, Coun & Alison 
were tailo-s and the corner ehop, No. 
153, was vacant. This shop is now occu 
pied by C. Martin & Co., tailors aiid 
dealers in ready made clothing. This 
brings us to West Market square, and on 
the east side is the St. Lawrence build 
ings, with Lyman Bros., as druggists in 
the west wing of the building, for the 
lower part of the wing was in one shop. 
The centre had the main doorway of the 
hall and the entrance to the arcade, 
while in the east wing was a narrow 
shop where books and stationery were 
sold by Magnus Shewan, an Orkney man. 
with plenty of energy. Shaver & Bell had 
a dry goods shop in the store east of 
Shewan s, and the Toronto Tea Store wan 
on the south-west corner of East Mar 
ket square, a street which is really a 
continuation south of Jarvis street. 

In the St. Lawrence Hall building, now 
occupied ou the first floor by the Medi 
cal Health office and the Park Commis 
sioner s office, was and is on the second 
floor a fine hall, which, twenty years ago 
was the best in Toronto. The best art 
iste in song and most noted men in ora- 
j tory have appeared before a Toronto 
j audience in this hall. The building was 
, erected in 1850, after the great fire of 
1849, which destroyed St. James Cathe 
dral and the row of bouses on the op- 
poside side of the street. The wings of 
j the hall, which contain the shops, are 
| the property of private individuals, but 
I the ground is leasehold. The buildings 
; of the St. Lawrence Hall on the north- 
j east corner of East Market Square were 
! occupied as follows : No. 163, William. 
; Strachan, grocer; No. 165, Chandler & 
| Platts, in retail dry goods; and No. 167. 
| Hugh Miller & Co., druggists. 

All the buildings in this, landmark are 

j in the same condition as when built, 

nearly 8iyty years ago; indeed, the only 



LANDMARKS OF TORONTO. 

buildings rebuilt is Oak Hall, 011 the fected, and the labour of "winding out 
site of the G. & J. W. Cox building; ; correspondingly lessened. 



and the large brick building owned by 
the Anglican Syvod, on the south-east 



Not a few of the dry goods .nen who 
attained to provincial prominence ; n the 



corner of East Market Square. In^the j fifties and sixties graduated at Quebec, 



early forties a lane ran from King 
street to Market lane (Colborue street) 
through the centre of the block on the 
eoutt eide of King, about the east side 



Montreal or Toronto, under the benign 
auspices of the house of Laurie. The 
Messrs. Laurie s first manager at To 
ronto was a Mr. Hargrave, that gentle- 



of the present Oak Hall, but the lane ma u being succeeded by I^aac Gilmour. 

was afterwards built upon. Passing j who is still a resident of the city. Mr. 

along the north side of King street, and 1 Gilmour, in resigning his rosition, formed 

looking at these buildings 011 the south j a partnership with a Mr. Coulson, in 

side, some have had slight ornamentations ; conjunction with whom an exclusive dry 

over the upper windows, and the shop goods trade was long conducted in prem- 

frouts have, of course, been changed; but ise . situated on the west side of Yonge 

otherwise the pioneer of 1840, if he were street> between Front and Wellington 

to promenade the street m 1896 would stree t. In the course of his active busi- 

be vividly reminded of the days when ne8s career> Mr . Gil mour as a personal 

John Richey * men were engaged m the inves tment erected on a detached plan 

buildings. several ample and sightly brick cottages 

VYTY on the south side of Bloor street, at its 

JvAlA. i j j.- -i T m, 
intersection with Jarvis street. The 



S.W. CORNER O^ KING AND YONGE. 



original design of the buildings, though 



doubtless carefully studied, has been much 
A Site That Wat the Home of a Prominent [ V aried bv the addition of a second storpv 

Retail Wry Goods i inn Nearly Mxty Years 

Ago- Reminiscences of an Old ScvtcliFirin and other improvements in keeping with 

The lot situated at the south- west cor- ! advanced taste or modern requirement, 
iier of King and Yonge streets, There i ? mel w i lson long occupied one of 

the Dominion Bank now stands, is said | trilmour cottages, and probably re- 

to have changed hands on easy terms ! cer his friend Dr. Robert Chambers 
at an early date in the annals of the I [ Edinburgh, thero, on the occasion of 
town of York, the consideration, In fact, i th ^ gentleman visiting him some time 
consisting of an old silver watch. subwuent to 1854. His equally dis- 

For maiiT vears prior to the sever- ! ^nguwhed brother, Dr Wilhatn Cham- 
ance of its connection with Canada, a bers made & tour of the United States 
wealthv Scottish firm. Messrs. Archibald d f: In 1858, < 

Laurie^ Co., composed of three brothers, nbhcation during the following year 

carried on an extensive wholesale and ; Things an They Are ^ in Amenc,a, 

retail dry goods bu 3 iness at the above ! he T Ork jW"? V b "7. ac . c ?* of 
C^mer Toronto and its educational institutions. 

The engraving shows the same shop Mr. William Harris Dow succeeded Mr. 
on the south-west corner of King and j Gilmour as manager at Messrs. Laurie s, 
Yonge streets, where now stands the j and on the retirement of his principals 
Dominion Bank, the entrance being on pursued the dry goods business in a re- 
King street, almost at the very spot tail way on his own account, at their 
where the door of the bank is. On the > old stand, \mder the style of W. H. Dow 
opposite, or south-east corner, was the j & Co. Rigidly conservative in his pro- 
store of Betley & Brown, afterwards j cedure, a portion of Mr. Dow s stock 
Betley & Kay. Now it is the office of ; eventually become so antedated as to 
the C. P. R. | approximate to the contents of a ver- 

The headqularters of the house in Can- i itable curiosity shop, and prove attrac- 
ada were located at St. John s gate, in i tive merely to customers possessed of 
the city of Quebec, and the success at- archaic notions OT hypercritical particu- 
tending its operations there led to the larity, who could generally succeed in 
opening of branches at Place d Armes, j "ticking off" their list of wants, how- 
Montreal, as also at Toronto. A few j ever unique, by recourse to the Dow 



years antecedent to their withdrawal 
about 1846 from Canada, possibly an- 
ticipative of that event, Messrs. Laurie 
established retail branches at Niagara, 
St. Catharines, Cobourg and Port Hope, 
partly through which expansion, what 
ever the object, n material reduction 



emrorium. Mr. Dow s trade becoming in 
active, and embarrassment setting in, he 
was compelled to abandon his business 
not long anterior to the acnuirement 
of its site by the Dominion Bank for 
the erection of a lieid office. Closely 
coincident with Mr. Dow s retirement 



in the -"o ume o? stock was ultimately ef- health declined, and death occurred after 



LANDMARKS OF TORONTO. 



a abort illness. Serially Mr. Dow led 
quite an isolated existence, and was ex 
ceedingly methodical ill bis habits. Al 
though by no means iiiappreciative of 
humour, he was reserved to the verge 
of eccentricity in his intercourse with em 
ployes or the public. During a resi 
dence in Toronto covering a period of 
over thirty years, Mr. Dow is not known 
to have extended his visits in a social 
capacity to move than one or possibly 
two houses, where of a Sunday evening 
he occasionally joined the family circle 
over a cup of tea. 



of the day the circumstance of any ab 
sence at roll cail (luly noted on its 
pages, with a caution attached by the 
assistant manager, for the edification o! 
the delinquent ; to which his attention 
was pointedly directed on the following 
morning, when the journal again came 
into requisition. The doors of the resi 
dential portion of the house were locked 
by one of the younger hands at 10 p.m., 
and the keys delivered to the assistant 
manager, any irregularity in the mat 
ter of ingress on the part of employes 
being recorded by that functionary. On 



i*" 1 "* , 




80UTH-WMT CORNER YONCJE AND KING STREETS SIXTY YEARS AGO. 



WLeu Mr. Dow ha.l charge of Messrs. 
Laurie s establishment, as not unusual 
at that period, all the employee, includ 
ing the manager, were boarded and 
lodged on the premises, and although 
the proprietors were anything but in 
considerate of the comfort of their clerks, 
the business was rigidly conducted by 
" tule and liue." Every lawful morning 
at aii in summer and seven o clock in 
winter thw whole staff had to report 
personally at the retail department and 
register their names in a journal pro 
vided mainly for that purpose. After the 
expiration of fifteen minutes, the book 
was secar;l.v laid aside, and in the course 



alternate Sundays one of the two young 
est employes mounted guard at 5 p.m., 
and, in accordance with regular custom, 
all the clerks to be found in the house at 
9 p.m., including the manager, assem 
bled at that hour in the dining room to 
hear a portion of Scripture read by a 
junior. 

Meals were served in that spacious 
apartment, necessarily situated in the 
third storey, at the end of a long corri 
dor, and the culinary operations per 
formed, unavoidably, at a remote dis 
tance, in the basement of the building, 
an arrangement, in the absence of ele 
vators, rather inconvenient to all con- 



84 



LANDMARKS OP TORONTO. 



eerned. To secure at all times attention 
to the calls of customers, the staff was 
divided into two detachments, known as 
the first and second parties, these weekly 
alternating. Mr. Dow, as "became the 
manager, was invariably of the first 
party, and occupied the seat of honour. 
In the cour&e of a repast Mr. Dow was 
scarcely, if ever, observed to hazard a 
remark, except on the occasion of one 
of Mr. Laurie s visits. Protracted silence 
becoming at times trying to young 
blood, it was in some instances rudely 
broken by a peal of laughter, followed 
by a general stampede ; the disturbance 
perhaps incited through a ludicrous ges 
ture of some one at table, or the refrain 
from a negro melody in the distance on 
the part of another, who, securing re 
pletion in advance of his com 
panions, had failed to stand upon 
the "order of his going." A clerk who 
had made himself conspicuous by re 
peated frivolities at table -was, by sen 
tence of the manager, relegated to the 
kitchen for his fare during a fortnight. 
As the cook, however, a buxom lassie, 
bJappened to be good-looking as well as 
good natured, the punishment, notwith 
standing the fact of its registration in 
the journal, could scarcely be deemed 
penitential. Tie genius of the rising 
generation at the period under review 
teems to have been more "ductile to 
merriment" than obtains in our matter 
of fact era, and practical joking, some 
of it decidedly (sensational, was not in 
frequent in the best regulated institu 
tions, mercantile as well as domestic. 

The Bank of England enjoys the secur 
ity incident to the possession of an 
armoury and, as befitted its importance, 
the Laurie establishment during the re 
bellion of 1837 was provided by the Gov 
ernment with a full supply of flint locks 
upplemeuted by the requisite ammuni 
tion and accoutrements. 

Mr. Laurie s junior hands were gen 
erally scions of respectable families, and 
frequently pupils of Mr. John Boyd, the 
principal of the celebrated Bay street 
academy, located immediately fto the 
south of the office of The Evening Tele 
gram. It was customary for Mr. Boyd, 
paj-ticularly in the cause of parents in 
straitened circumstances, or those of 
comparatively short residence 5n the 
city, to practice "the luxury of doing 
good" by introducing such of the sons 
KM had deported themselves creditably at 
his scholol to the notice of the leading 
merchants. S6 potent was Mr. Boyd s in 
fluence in the community that his recom 
mendation usually bore fruit, and many 
men ol mark have bean indebted in more 
Ways than one for a fair start in the 



battle of life to the good offices of that 
gentleman. 

No porter being in the employ of Mr. 
Laurie the swesping of the store.- clean 
ing of windows, handling of ponderous 
shutters, shovelling of snow with de 
livery of parcels fell to the lot of the 
two youngest assistants, and those 
duties were considered sufficiently oner 
ous, withput attention to the item oi 
foot wear, other than that appertaining 
to their own toilet. An unwritten dom2s- 
tic enactment, as well as a feeling of 
iudepaudeuce, necessitated the perform 
ance of the latter service by the 
denizens of the establishment, each for 
himself inclusive, from the manager down 
wards. The burnishing of boots was per 
formed in the attic, and on a certain 
occasion the two youngest hands chanced 
to enter that department together for an 
application of Day and Martin to their 
pedal coverings, as usual prior to re 
tiring for the night. The process had 
just commenced when the boys were con 
fronted by the arrival of half a dozen 
figures attired in white sheets, and gar 
nished with cross-belts {and cartouche 
boxes, each carrying a large (musket. 
The fcquad, obedient to command, 
promptly grounded arms, fixed bayoneta 
and cocked their piecee. They had, how 
ever, barely time to prepare for a click of 
the triggers, ere the assistant manager, 
who had heard the racket, appeared on 
deck, his presence resulting in a hurried 
scamper of the force, some to the dark 
recesses of the loft, and others through 
a trap to the icy roof, where the latter, 
slipping from one level to another, only 
saved their lives by means of a heavy 
ladder, which they succeeded in clutching 
at the eave in their perilous descent. 

On another occasion, during the man 
ager s absence at the branches, a few 
of these reckless youngsters obtained 
access to the pot of lampblack used IB 
the department for addressing packages, 
aud running amuck at the midnight hour, 
ornamented every office sign on both. 
sides of King street, from Bay street 
to market square, winding up their noc 
turnal revels, in retaliation for a fan 
cied slight received from one of the 
clerks across the way, by addressing 
their efforts to the production of a 
series of emblems on the gable of a store 
occupying the south-east corner of King 
and Yonge streets, immediately oppo 
site to the Laurie establishment. Owing 
to the absorbent qualities of the brick, 
and the scale of the decorations, the 
wall, despite several attempts at their 
removal, exhibited (as, in the instance 
of a gigantic pad-lock which " adorned " 
at an early date the residence of one of 
our citizens) faint outlines of the draw- 






LANDMARKS OF TORONTO. 



85 



inge, snch being ultimately effaced, only 
through recourse to a couple of heavy 
coats of paint, applied for the sake of 
uniformity to the entire structure. 

And so we have reminiscences in con 
nection with an old corner, to the early 
history of which the vast majority of 
the citizens may possibly, having regard 
to the passage of time, attach about 
as much importance as to the determin 
ation of the boundaries of Utopia, or the 
location of the Castle of Indolence. 



Now, strictly speaking, a barque is a 
three-masted vessel, square rigged on the 
fore and main mast-* and with fore-and- 
aft mizzen, and as the vessel in question 
has but two masts and is fore-and-aft 
rigged throughout, it is difficult to say 
what ground there is for calling her a 
barque. But on her ettrn is seen in 
white letters "Barque Swallow, of Port 
Credit," and it was this curious name 
which caused me to make enquiries -ibout 
the vessel, and to get her history, which 
is as follows : 




THE " BARQUE SWALLOW." 



CHAPTER XXX. 
THE BARQUE SWALLOW." 



of the Stone Hooker Fleet Probably 
tfie Oldest Vessel in tbnt Work on Lake 
Onto Ho. 

Of the many vessels of which the stoue 
fleet of Port Credit is made up, perhaps 
the most interesting is a white stone- 
hooker called the Barque Swallow. 



In the Intter half of the thirties, when 
York was getting ; ccustomed to her 
new name Toronto, this vessel wrs sim 
ply an open scow, carrying sand from 
the Island to fill in the water front 
near where the old jail the third one 
was shortly afterwards erected, it that 
time she had no deck, and each of her 
bilges was formed of a single tree Lol- 
loweu out. About 1850 an old salt water 



86 



LANDMARKS OF TORONTO. 



aailor named John Spontou, a mau well 
known to the older vessel men arouud 
Toronto, bought this &aud scow, t.ud 
fitteu her out as a stone-hooker. He 
had her decked over, lengthened her top- 
sides, and rigged her as a schooner, 
and r.s he was a salt water tar 
of th old school, and so naturally par 
tial to the square rig, he gave nis ves 
sel a square fore-topsail; and it was 
on this slight pretext that he called 
her the "Barquj Swallow," just as an 
other stone-hooker which formerly had 
a square topsail is called the "Brig 
Rover. All the Swallow s blocks were 
painted a bright pink colour, and she 
was as fine looking a stone-hooker as 
ever carried stoae to Toronto. 

After being owned for several \ eara 
by Mr. Stouten, the Barque S willow, 
changed hands, auJ since then almost 
every vessel owner in Port Credit has 
owned her at om; time or another. One 
of her former owners i? Cajtiiu Miller, 
of Port Credit, an 1 he ; s fie source 
from which ail t .ie information !.er i 
giver, comes. la course of time an or 
dinary gaff-to{ snil wa<* substituted for 
her square onr, her old bilges were le- 
movect and new ones jrut in, ml to-day 
she hat. very little to distinguish her 
front any other white scow-built vessel 
in the stone trad?. 

At present tho Barque Swallow is 
hauled up for rep lira at Po t Credit, 
on the eastern b ink of the river, but 
it wiL not be long before she miy again 
be seen once or twice a week .it the 
foot of West Market street or over t 
thfr eastern g ip. The accompanying 
drawing show;* her ns she is at present. 

Sucl is the history of this ves3?l,. 
which was nu lt it this port, and has 
always trader! to thi^ rort during her 
sixty years of life. She bids f ir to 
reach her "three score aii l ten," which 
is about four times thn usuaJ: age ot a 
Btoneihooker. 

CHAPTER XXXI. 
RELICS OF YEARS GONE BY. 



Delving Air* ss the Dusty niul Mnsty 
ment* of til > Far Away Past What was 
Brought to Ugbt. 

On the uppsr flat of the old Adelaide 
street court house is a series of small 
rooms used as storage place for the 
official documents of the various 
County Courts, sheriffs and bailiffs 
papers, and all the odds and ends re 
presenting the accumulation of many 
years. Occasionally these dust-laden 
mouldy smeliiag and spider woven 
rooms are opened, i>ut not often. 

Recently the cotnpanis^ insuring the 



. building have given notice that these 
I old documents and books must be safe- 
| ly enclosed in boxes. Housekeeper Hull s 
men have attacked the well-nigh for- 
! gotten rooms end fought their way 
, through a mass of debris, document- 
| ary and otherwise, and brought the 
i jumble into some sort of order. 

Mr. Robertson, of the County Court 

Clerk s office, has been delving among 
the thousands of old documents in one 

i of the little rooms and unearthed some 

interesting relics. Here is a literal 
copy of a town clerk s record of a 
town meeting held at Joseph Hewett s 
Inn, Newmarket, January 6th, 1834: 
"I suppos that the may thinck it verry 

-, strange not Seeing the 2 assessors and 
; Collectors Names on the list But when 
1 they was Nominated and Cried by the 
Constable the Cry of the people was 
we want none we have no use for any 
we are not allowed to have our mem 
ber to Represent us in the housi-i of 
parliment and we think that we have 
no use for any Such oficers from thy 
obedeant Servant." 

On the back of the document is this: 
"Proceedings of a Townmeeting For 
the Clerk of the Pece Whitchurch." 

A JN orth GwiTlimbury town meeting 
held in 1830 decreed that fences "must 
i be five feet nigh, well proportioned, 
i built with logs or rails. Hogs must nov. 
run at large from May 1st to the mid 
dle of October. The rest of the year 
they may be free commoners. Boars 
and rams may be altered il found off 
the inclosures of their owners." 

Suspended from the ceiling is the 
branch of a trea used March 20th, 1871, 
as an exhibit in the suit of Power v. 
Sail 1 . It bears the signature of Wal 
ter McKenzis, Clark. For what purpose 
It was used as an exhibit no one can 
tell. But it must remain because thesa 
old paraphernalia of the court must Le 
kepi: "forever." 

Among the papers are assessment 
rolls of various municipalities for 1818, 
and the seal of the old town of York 
for 1820. Th? population returns of the 
county for 1817 may be seen there, as 
well as many other interesting and 
time-worn relics of the early days ot 
i "Mu Idy Li: 1 Yo, k." 

AUached to a faded red tape is a 
larga waxen seal, about three inches in 
diameter, bearing, on one side, the coat 
o arms of Great Britain, and on the 
other this inscription: "Sigil Prov. Nas 
Can Sup. Impari Porrecta Majestas 
Custode Rerum Caesare." Below this 
is imprinted, "Georgius III. D. U. Bri. 
Fr. et Hib. Rex. F. D. Brun et Lun. 
Lux., S. R. I., A. R., Thes et ei." 
On the lower part is a double cornu- 



LANDMARKS OF TORONTO. 



87 



copia surmounted by an anchor, with 
its appandant cable, a sword, wreath 
and battle axe. 

The seal, one might suppose, was sim 
ply ussd as a model, or was on file as 
the approved seal for the official busi 
ness of a century since; there is no mark 
showing that it was ever attached to 
any document. It is too heavy to serve 
any such purpose. 



covered the main entrance, way to the 
house The structure itself was of red 
brick, strictly conventional in design, 
and with nothing to lighten the front 
except the green window shutters, that 
always had the merit of being kept a 
colour that harmonized with a grass plot 
that, if not expensive, was at least well 
kept. Queen street west in 1864, and 
fcr twenty years before that date, had 
be?n a favourite residential quarter. The 



POPLAR HALL 

Rejsideneee of the Late R. chird Harrison 
Co.- VAN/^ULCV AND QUEEN sv .. 



, ,.,. 




~-^l^jjj^^^ ^^ggg 




POPLAR HALL, KI.S:DKNCE OF THE LATK RICHARD HAKRISOX. 



CHAPTER XXXII. 
POPLAR_HALL. 

An Old-Time Betllcncc that Stood nt the 
North E:ist Corner oCQueen and Yananley. 

On the north-east corner of Queen 
street west and Vanauley street stood 
from 1835 the residence of Richard 
Harrison, the father of the late Chief 
Justice R. A. Harrison. The building 
had not much of attractiveness, as far 
as its outside appearance was concerned. 
Five poplar trees guarded the middle of 
the typical wood fence, and a co 
lonial porch of decent architecture 



Hon. Donald McDonald lived on the 
south side, of the road, Captain Thos. 
Dick years before had lived on the south 
side, further west. The Hon. J. H. 
Cameron was one lot east of Harrison s. 
William Armstrong, the civil engineer, 
was west, on the north side, at No. 368, 
and at No. 386 resided Alexander Mac- 
donnell, the barrister, now of Osgoode 
Hall Mr. Richard Harrison was clerk 
of tho market. He had married Frances, 
daughter of Rev. Alexander Hall, of 
Newton Butler, Fermanagh, Ireland. 



88 



LANDMARKS OF TORONTO. 



CHAPTER XXXIII. 
LAKE ONTARIO IN 1757. 

Prmch Map or the Luke by a Military Gen- 
crnpher at Fort Frontenac, Cntaraqni, 
(Kingston) The French and English Fleets 

Among the late finds of old documents 
and drawings, perhaps the one that re 
lates to this landmark, or, rather, "lake- 
mark," is the most important, in that 
it not only gives a. map of Lake Ontario 
in 1757, but also a picture of the Eng 
lish and French fleets on the lake at that 
period. The sketch is from a photograph 
of the original hand-made drawing and 
picture in a portfolio in the King s Lib 
rary in the British Museum in London. 
The picture of the fleets is the first 
known picture of vessels on Lake Ontario, 
and, although the originals have been in 
the museum for a century, and, no doubt, 
have been examined by many, yet it fell 
to the lot of a Torontouiau to find this 
rare picture and the accompanying map. 
The latter is as accurate as any of the 
period, and, now that it is for the first 
time re-published, will prove a valuable 
addition to the literature that has al 
ready been collected concerning Toronto, 
Lake Ontario, and the country surround 
ing the lake. 

The first paragraph is the title in the 
left-hand corner of the map. Each name 
on the map has been translated, and the 
place located, so that readers of to-day 
can at once become familiar with the 
locality. 

" Map of Lake Ontario recently drawn, 
with its ports designed separately on a 
larger scale,, to show the English and 
French fleets. Also showing the vessels, 
rigsi, their number of guns. Done at 
Frontenac, 4th October, 1757, by La 
Broquerie. 

Mr. Benjamin Suite, of Ottawa, ha 
kindly furnished the following ex 
planation of <the names of the ports, 
rivers,, etc., indicated on th^ mnn. T v <e 
enumeration commences at the embouch 
ure of the Niagara river, and proceeds by 
way of Burlington Bay around the north 
shore of Lake Ontario to the Thousand 
Islands, thence westward alongside the 
south shore to the place of starting. 

Fort Niaugara. The spelling show? 
that Mr. de la Broquerie followed no rule 
of orthography, as did many of his con 
temporaries. 

P. a Mascoutin should foe Pointe aux 
Mascoutias. That nation was also called 
" Nation du Feu " by the French; and 
Astistaeronons by the Iroquois, which 
means the same thing : " The men of the 
Fire." The maps of the present day give 
no name. 

T.n piMnn an repression used by the 



French to indicate a tableland., rising 
above the riverside or the open plain. 
We ha.ve le Platon de Lotbhriore and le 
Platon des Trois Rivieres, which both 
command the navigation of the St. Law 
rence on those two points. 

Batture de Niaugara The shallow 
water of the Niagara. This refers to the 
well known shoal at the mouth of the 
river. 

Point du Moralle. Perhaps Pointe de 
Montreal, (though not referring to the 
island or city of that name),. Some of 
the French-Canadians have always been 
j in the habit of saying " Moral " for 
Montreal, a contraction of the syllables. 
Marais a la Biche Roe-buck swamp. 
Le greud Marais should be le grand 
Marais the great marsh. 

The bay of Burlington is marked " Lac 
| trute." I would say " lac aux truites," 
trout lake. 

Fond du Lac was so called about 167Q, 
at a time when the Mississaguas had a 
village there. 

| R. des Deux Follie. Two Follies ^ If so, 
must be written " Folies." If " deux 
folles " " the two foolish women." This 
may have been the small creek a few 
I miles east of Oakville. 
R.au Credit Credit River. 
Presille de Toronto. Presqu ile the 
peninsula of Toronto. 

From Lake Toronto (now Lake Simcoe) 
i the road to the present site of the city 
j of Toronto is indicated on the early 
j maps of the country. The site of the 
i city called Gandaseteiagon. 

Grend Ecort, petit Ecort, should be 
Grand Ecore, petit Ecore. " Ecore is a 
I place where there is no shallow wateri 
the bank coming down precipitously into 
the deep water." Clearly this refers to 
Scarborough Heights. 

R.au Saumon. Salmon River. Probably 
the Rouge river. 

Canaraski Gaueraski, known by that 
nnme since 1669 at least. 
Pte au Chap au Hat Point. 
Quiutee, Keute, Queute, Quinte, all 
variations of the Indian name. 

Pte. du Detour "Where you turn sharp 
around the point of laud." Probably 
Point Salmon, Prince Edward County. 

Pte. au Gravois Gravel Point, now 
Point Petre, Prince Edward County. 

Pte a la barque Bark or ba.rge point. 
On the shore of Prince Edward peninsula, 
f According to the latest atlas it has no 
local name now. 

He an Goualan Gcelaud Seagull point. 
Now known as Point Traverse. 

He des coins dt terre The island full 
of nooks and corners. It is not shown on 
the latest maps prr^ably washed away. 
Baie des Coins This bay is calld 
"Riviere Barbu" on the map of Brehau 








L 



^^ 

^%^_/5 




] OUSrT., 

Showmg places on its shores, 1757. with piobaraa of tUB Banish and Pranoli flssts on the lake in 1756-7. Ala 

Kingston, Fort Niagara, Fort Ontario, (Oawego). From the original drawing 






(/ 




Iso the territory around Port Frontenac, Cataraqui. near 
ig m the British Museum. 



LANDMARKS OF TORONTO. 



89 



de Gallinee, 1670. That t rin corresponds 
to the words "euforcem -nts," "coins," 
"recoius," "denteltares," echaucrures." It 
was the French name of part of the Bay 
of Quinte. 

Pte Latravarse should be spelled 
"Poiute de la Traverse." It means the 
point where they cross the water to 
the neighbouring islands. The uamo does 
not refer to the present Point Traverse. 

Greiid Alice, or rather Grande Ause 
Grand or Great Creek, near the present 
( ollins Bay. That name existed there in 
1680. 

He Tonty Given to Henry de Tonty 
by La Salle in 1679. On the map of 1680 
that island is shown opposite the bay 
marked Toncoganignon, the same as 
Tonaguignon of the map of La Broquerie* 
now Amherst Island. 

Between Grande Anse and Fort Fron- 
tenac, the map of 1680 mentions Poiute 
Dalouue, after the name of Pierre Guig- 
uard, alias d Olouue or Dalouue, who 
appears to have been an associate of La 
galle. 

He aux Cochons (now Garden Island) 
was given by La Salle about the year 
1676 to Jacques Cauchois (corruption : 
Cauchon, Cochons, pigs), who was a na 
tive of Rouen (1652), the birthplace of 
La Salle. Cauchois arrived at Fort Fron- 
tenac with La Salle in 1675, and re 
mained with him until 1684, when he 
married and settled in Montreal, whilst 
La Salle went to the Gulf of Mexico. 

Between Tonty and Cauchois lies an 
island given to Francois Dauphin, alias 
Laforet, by La Salle in 1679. Laforet, 
Tonty, Cauchois, deserve to be men 
tioned as the three best employes of La 
Salle. The modern name of the islet is 
Simcoo Island. 

"Greud lie," on the map of La Bro- 
querie, is called "Grande Isle 10 lieues," 
on the La Salle map of 1680, and on a 
maj- of 1685, or thereabout, "Ganonkoue- 
not," now Wolfe Island. 

Ho au Chevreuil, now Carieton Island, 
south of Grand Isle, is marked Isle a la 
Bichc- on the map of 1680. The island 
situate behind that one, and opposite 
Points a la Galette, marked He au 
Chevre on La Broquerie map, is not in 
dicated on the document of 1680. 

Galette is biscuit, cake or "hard tack." 
Poiute de Galette is now the small cape 
of Cape Vincent. 

The two small islands without names 
on La Broquerie map\, below Fort Frou.- 
tenac, are called lie aux Cerfs on the 
map of 1680. Their modern names are 
Howe Island and Garden Island. 

Still below these islands a river which 
flaws into the St. Lawrence is styled 



Ganauoncoui (Gauanoque). The modern 
name is the same. 

Le Mariegeau now Deadman s bay, op 
posite Wolfe Island, on the north shore 
of the St. Lawrence. 

Pte du Moralle Montreal ? At the en 
trance to Kingston harbour. 

The present Cape Vincent is called 
Grand Campenient " The Great Camping 
Grounds," in the map of 1680. 

lies de Niaoures pronounced Nia- 
weres. Islets to the westward of Cape 
Vincent. 

Bay de Niaoures now Sackett s Har 
bour and Black Bay. Niaoure is the form 
commonly adopted by the French of the 
seventeenth century. 

Fort Villier., named after Coulon de 
Villiors, born in Canada, an officer of 
many years service,, Acadia 1747, Ohio 
1754, Niagara 1755. His brother Coulon 
de Jumonville, having been shot by or 
der of Washington, he attacked Fort 
! Necessity iu 1754 and captured it. Early 
in the summer of 1756 he was sent, with 
de Lery to Fort Frouteuac, to build the 
fort above mentioned and began to at 
tack the garrison of Chouaguen (Qswega) 
preparatory to the arrival of Montcalm. 
Fort de Villier was across the bay dir 
ectly west of the present site of Water- 
town, N. Y. 

R. a Mr. Le Conte Pi obably Black 
: River, which enters Lake Ontario at Irv 
ing, N. T. 

Cataragareu Name unknown. 

R. au Sable was audy Creek, running 
into Sackett s Harbour. Viliiers put his 
camp at the mouth of that river, and 
kept the English garrison of Choueguan 
(Oswego) constantly on the alert. 

R. a Laplauche Saw board. 

R. a la Famine Well known long be 
fore 1757. 

R. a la Grouse Ecorce Thick bark of 
a tree. These are small cuts at the 
eouth-easteru end of the lake. 

Lecabaret An inn, probably established 
by some French camp follower. 

Three leagues east of Chouaguen (Oswe 
go) was a place called Anse aux Cabane, 
where Rigaud de Vaudreuil stopped mi 
the 10th August, 1756, to commence the 
siege of the forts of Chouaguen. 

F. Ontario Also at the mouth of the 
Oswego. 

River des Notagues Ounoutagues, now 
the Oswego River. 

Ft. de Chcueguen Where the cirty of 
Oswego is now. 

View Fort de Choaguein This refere to 
the old fort built in 1722 by the French. 

Fort au Beuf Otherwise Fort George, 
1800 feet from Fort Chouaguen. 

Les Bouceaux Sodus Point, N. T. 



LANDMARKS OF TORONTO. 



R, du Chicot, Chicot Stump Not named 
on modern maps. 

Baie des Goyogouins At Rochester, N.Y. 

R. du Fort des Sable Sandy Creek. 

Pte. au Tourtes (aux tourtes, wild 
pigeons) Near Carlyon, N. Y. 

R. au Beuf (au boeuf, buffalo) A Buf 
falo river flows into Lake Ontario near 
Carltor. Hollow, N. Y. 

R. a la Fourche Fork, not indicated 
on modern maps. 

Petit Marais The small marsh. It 
still exists on the south shore of Lake 
Ontario, some ten or twelve miles east 
of the mouth of the Niagara River. 

lu 1756, early in the spring, at Fort 
Frouteuac, the French built t o barges, 
one for 12 guns, the other for 16. They 
cruised on Lake Ontario under the com 
mand of Pierre Boucher de la Broquerie 
and Hyppolite Pepin-Laforce, who suc 
ceeded in sinking some of the small ves 
sels belonging to the English, and ob 
ligee the others to remain in Chouaguen 
River. (Ferlaud : Cours d Histoire du 
Canada, 11,541.) 

A report published in tie collection 
printed by the Quebec Legislature in 1885 
(IV. 37) states the following facts : 

"Our small squadron which is on Laki 1 
Ontario and is five ships strong, having 
met the English squadron, ten ship 
strong, has fought a battle. We took tl e 
English admiral, put the rest of the ship.-s 
to flight and drove two of their vessels 
ashore under full sail near Fort Choua 
guen." 

Edmund Falgairolle, in "Moutcalm Be 
fore Posterity," says (p. 64) that a 
French detachment had been posted on 
the lake, putting at its -dis 
posal " a little fleet destined 
to disturb the English barques." 
M. de Villiere had the cleverness to hide 
himself one day behind some clumps of 
trees, and to harass by the musketry ol 
liis weak trcop the frail craft of the 
etuemy. The Indians whom he had under 
his orders on this occasion were of a re 
markable and almost foolhardy energy. 
At the moment when the English vessels. 
surprised by this unforeseen attack, wish 
ed to escape by flight from the fire of 
our foldiers, the Indians threw themselves 
into the water, pursued them by swim- 
laiug, and reached some of them when 
they sank. This skirmish cost the lives 
of several English soldiers, and enabled 
us to make seine prisoners. It had one 
great effect, that of restoring the morale 
of our Indians." 

On the 4th August, 1756, Montcalm left 
Fort Fronteuac with a section of his 
>iug, and encamped on the shores 
o f Niaoure Bay Sackett s Harbour- 
where the Marquis of Vaudreuii had ap 



pointed the rendezvous of the troops. (Fe - 
land II., 541.) 

Ferland (11.553) remarks that Mont- 
calm, having taken Oswego, the great 
abundance of ammunition and provisions 
found in that place, and in addition the 
British fleet armed to maintain the 
supremacy on the lake, all fell into the 
handc of the French. 

The above i* enough to show that there 
were armed vessels on Lake Ontario the 
year of the taking of Chouagueu. 

L i Broquerie died in 1762, at Boucher- 
ville. His descendants are living amongst 
us. They are all good and intelligent 
Canadians. 

Laforce fought again on the lakes in 
1776-82, and lived to a bright old age. 
Sir Hector Langevin is his great-grand 
son by his mother s side. 

Extract from Journal of Occurrences, 
1755-6 : 

"The navigation of Lake Ontario is an 
object of consequence and we have four 
vessels on it. The largest of these carry 
fourteen 12-potini!ers. The English have 
some craft on it also." 

June 12, 1756, Moutcalm to D Argens- 
son : 

"The navigation of Lake Ontario is 
most important. The English have thie: 
sloops with some three and five pounders. 
They are building two, which, it is re 
ported, will be of twenty gnus. We have 
four vessels, one of which carries tweidy 
four and six pounders and eighty men v 
the others have forty men and ten four 
ponuders." 

1757, Rev. Claude G. Cocquant to his 
brother : 

"Our little fleet on Laki Ontario, in 
number about five vessels, having met 
the English fleet, amounting to ten, gave 
them bnttle. We have taken the English 
admiral. Afterwards we put tie others 
to flight and obliged two to run ashore 
with all sails set." 

1758, August 27, Dorel to Marquis de 
Belle Isle, giving account of the destruc 
tion of Fort Froutenac : 

"No precaiition was taken with our 
navy. The English, mor^ caieful than we, 
have burnt it, with the exception of two 
20 gun brigs, which they have pieserved." 

CHAPTER XXXIV. 
THE OLD FORT. 

An OEilciii; document That Tells Something 
or the State of the Ol<i Fort From 1802-4. 

I l that treasury of Canadian histori 
cal knowledge, the Archives Department 
at Ottawa, are many interesting papers 
concerning early Toronto. Nearly all of 
these have been published in the Land 
marks, and it was thought that the sup- 



LANDMARKS OF TORONTO. 



91 



ply was exhausted, until two in 
teresting official documents were 
found, concerning the old York Fort, 
from 1802-4. The first ia a letter 
from R. II. Bruyeres, Capt. Royal En- 
giueers, who had charge of the work in 
connection with the erection of the fort. 
The Old Fort was originally erected 
about 1797. There were built at that 
time seven officers huts, two small huts 
for an hospital, one for a bake-house 
and one for a canteen ; there was also 
a blockhouse. The seven huts alluded 
to! were on the east side of the fort, and 
were demolished about twenty-five years 
ago. The blockhouse alluded to is the 
one that stands near the east entrance 
of the Old Fort. The blockhouse in the 
town of York stood at the Don river. 
These buildings, except the huts that 
stood on the left hand side of the east 
entrance to the Old Fort were not de 
stroyed in the war of 1812, but the 
blockhouse and other buildings in the 
fort were burned. These included the 
magazine, the carriage and engine shed 
and the storehouse for provisions for 
the troops and for the Indians. In 1797 
the huts referred to in the letter were 
those in the immediate west side of the 
Garrison Creek. The letter referring to 
these is dated 12th September, 1802. 

The second letter is dated 2nd January, 
1804, and is from Gother Mann, Colonel, 
commanding the Koyal Engineers. He 
was we l known to residents of 1797-1804. 
Prior to his departure for England in 
July of 1804 he wrote to the military 
authorities with regard to the erection 
el public buildings in York and Upper 
Canada. In 1804 the log frame covered 
buildings at the foot of Berkeley street 
were u?ed by the Legislature. These 
were burned in 1812. Plans were then 
submitted for a brick structure for the 
Legislative requirements as well as for 
the official residents. These plans had 
been given in Vol. I. of the Landmarks, 
but the buildings according to thesa de 
signs were never "built. Tihere dees not 
seem to be ai^y further reference to the 
ca-rying out of the suggestions of Gother 
Maun. The red brick buildings, an ac 
count of which is given in Vol. I., were 
erected in 1816 after the war, and were 
burned down in 1824, and in 1828-29 the 
Parliament buildings on Front street 
were erected. 

The correspondence reads : 

From Canadian Archives, Series C., Vol. 
383, P. 6, York. 

The several hutts erected for temporary 
quarters for officers and men, also the 
blockhouses and store houses, are in gcod 
repair for the number of men at present 



required to occupy them and stores to 
be lodged. There are : 

7 officers hutts for 1 capt. or 2 subs ea. 

for an hospital 

1 " bakehouse 

1 " canteen No. of 

Men. 

soldiers quarters, 16 men ea..!2S 

1 blockhouse, two floors 48 

1 blockhouse, town of York 48 

Total 224 

1 hutt for guardhouse with an officers room 

and black hole adjoining. 
Magazine "\ 

Carriage and engine shed 

Provision store house f wood buildings 

Indian and commisiary stores J 

The old hutts on the west side of the 
creek are condemned and ordered to be 
pulled dowu. 

Signed by E. H. BRUYERES, 

Captain Eoyal Engineers. 
Dated 12th September, 1802. 

From Canadian Archives, Series C., VoL 
383, Page. 106. 
Quebec, 2nd Jan., 1804. 

Sir, I transmit herewith sundry esti- 
intitef. to be submitted for Lieu tenant- 
General Hunter s approbation; in fact, 
most 01 the services they are to pro 
vide for have already received the Lieu- 
t6 Hani-General sanction, and are ; u a 
great measure performed. Ail those for 
York, Fort George District and Kingston 
have been first sent here by you, ex 
cept I believe, the sum of 8 17s. 9d. 
(in No. 1) for connecting the picketting 
rouui. the Octagon Bloekhouse at Fort 
George, and which, as Capt. Nicolls re 
ports, and as it appears to me, is essen 
tial 1 7 necessary for the security of that 
building find the ammunition, etc., 
therein. 

(Signed) GOTHER MANN, 

Coll. commanding 111. Eng r. 
From Canadian Archive* , Series C., VoL 
?,M, Page 169. 
Quebec. 16th July, 1804. 

Sir, The short time I have to remain 
in this country and the imperfect infor 
mation I have on the subject of the public 
buildings in contemplation to be erected 
at York, in Upper Canada, together with 
my want of experience as to the accom 
modations required in buildings of this 
sort, are circumstances which render it 
impossible, as I have already stated in 
a former letter, to comply with Lieuten 
ant-General Hunter s request that I 
would furnish mm with the plans or de 
signs far these buildings and the estim 
ate of their probable expense. To dothi-< 
would require considerable time and con 
sideration, and more knowledge in the 
details of what is necessary, than I ar- 
possessed of; I therefore cannot iultr.- 



LANDMARKS OF TORONTO. 



with the requisite accuracy and confi 
dence what it would be right to propose. 
Nevertheless, as it is still the Lieuten 
ant-General s wih that I should at least 
give him some outline of what in my 
opinion may be requisite, and being de 
sirous to the utmost of my power to as 
sist in any way the public service, I shall 
endeavour on general principles to con 
vey some idea of the probable expense, 
premising however that much accuracy 
is not to be looked for, and that too much 
confidence ought not therefore to be 
placed in my calculations. 

I shall suppose that the buildings are 
to be" constructed plain, substantial, and 
of durable materials, the walls of stone 
and the arches of brick, that every pre 
caution is to be taken to guard them as 
far as possible from accidents of fire, that 
sufficient vaults or arched rooms, per 
fectly secure and dry, are to be made 
to the offices requiring them, for the de 
posit of puLlie records of every description, 
that the buildings are to be uniform and 
neat Lut without the expense of ornaments 
and that apartments will be required 
for the following services, viz.: Legis 
lative and Executive Councils, House of 
Assembly, Court of King s Bench and 
Quarter Sessions, and the proper offices 
to each, with offices for the Secretary 
of the Province, Surveyor-General and 
Auditor for Patents of Laud. Judging 
in the best manner I am able of the 
extent of room necessary for these pur 
poses, I should conceive that a build 
ing not less than from 270 to 300 feet 
long and from 30 to 40 feet broad will 
be requisite. 

Whether this shall be disposed in one 
entire line or with wings will make no 
material difference in the expense, and 
upon a due consideration of the price 
of workmanship and materials in Upper 
Canada, I am of opinion that such a 
building will cost about 16,800 cur 
rency, or 15,120 sterling, and that 
with proper attention to arrangement 
and economy this sum may be sufficient. 
I have now, sir, only to express my re 
gret in not being able to furnish Lieut. 
General Hunter with more complete and 
satisfactory information. 
I have the honour to be, sir, 
Your most obedient humble servant, 
(Signed) GOTHER MANN, 

M. Gen l. Com g. Royal Eug. 
{True Copy) JAMES GREEN, 

Mil y Sec y. 



CHAPTER XXXV. 
VIEW OF YORK (TORONTO) IN 1820- 

Front St. From tbe Garrison on the West, 
East to the Market ami Along Palace St. 
to Parliament Buildings 181C-24 at Don. 

One of the most interesting of the early 
views of the town of York, now Toronto, 
is an oil painting, made by Mr. Irving, 
a Scotch artist, who, prior to 1821, was 
a visitor in York and a guest of tbe 
late Hon. George Cruickshank, who re 
sided at the north-east corner of Front 
and Peter streets. No views have been 
found of the entire front of the town of 
York prior to 1821, and this fact en 
hances the value of Mr. Irving s wiork. 
Mrs. Simcoe made a small sketch of the 
Garrison or Old Fort, as in 1796, with 
a bit of the harbour adjacent to the 
fort, and in 1803 an English officer made 
a drawing of the east end of Palace 
street, now called Front street, from 
the north-west corner of what is now 
West Market or Jarvis street, ta with 
in a few feet of the Dion river. Loosing 
gives the blockhouse at the Don in 
1800-13, with a few of the houses in 
the neighbourhood of Palace street. In 
1820 Mr. Irving made an oil painting 
from a poiut on the Island near the 
lighthouse, which ^ives an absolutely 
correct and artistic view, with the lo 
cations of all the houses on Front street 
from a hundred yards west of the Old 
Fort and Garrison to the second Par 
liament buildings, which stood in 1 
24 on the site of the jail, built in 1841, 
at the east end of what was then Palace 
street, but what is now Front street. 
The site is now occupied by the Gas Com 
pany. The buildings in Irving s sketch 
are given with so much detail as i.o be 
recognizable, and it is evident that the 
arti t, before finishing his oil, strolled, 
pencil and pad in hand, and made an 
outline of the buildings that he pro- 
po ed to show in his painting. 

The pen and ink sketch given with this 
laudmirk is made, through the courtesy 
| of Ms. Stephen Heward, of Peter street, 
1 from the orig nal oil, by her son, Mr. 
Stephen Heward, the architect, a ^rand- 
sou of the Into Mr. Cruickshank. The 
artist hs skilfully traced the oil paint 
ing, and every building shown is :i8 in 
the orig nal. The proof of the accuracy 
of Mr. Irvine s oil is shown in Mr. He- 
ward s sketch, for some of the build 
ings (riven -uch ^s the Old Fort, -vest 
of Bathurst street; the Cruickshank 
house, north-east corner of Front and 
Peter; the Greenland Fishery tavern, 
roT-th-wpgt corner of John and Front? 
Hon. George Mnrklnnd s hou^o, on Mar 
ket (Wellington) street: the McGill tot- 



LANDMARKS OF TORONTO. 



93 



tage, where the Metropolitan church now 
lauds, are familiar to many people in 
[Toronto of to-day. The origin il oil 
gives the Ivlaud, the lighthouse -md 
the bay but for the purposes of re 
production the foreground of the pic 
ture has been omitted, so as to give a 
better and closer view of the old town. 

.Where any doubt existed a* to the 
location of the buildings or the n^mes 
of owners or residents, careful .inquiry- 
has been mude amongst old residents, 
such as Mr. William Helliwell, of High 
land Creek, who arrived in Toronto in 
1818, and also from Mrs. Charles Sey 
mour, a daughter of Dr. Grant Powell, 
a resident from 1811. Mrs. Seymour was 
horn in 1806, and came with her father 
to Toronto in 1811. Her memory of the 
capture of Toronto by the Americans, 
of the burning of the first Parli im>nt 
Build ngs on the site of the old jail, 
and her recollection of the residents of 
the entire front of the city and every 
house from 1811 to 1860 is perfect. In 
an interview at Ottawa Mrs. Seymour, 
now (1898) ninety years of age, recount 
ed to the writer the names and loca 
tions of all the houses on Front street, 
with the names of the. residents, prior 
to 1820, from the Old Fort to the Don. 

The key given the location jf th 
houses on not only Front street, which 
ran from the garrison on the west to 
the north-east corner of what is now 
Front and East Market square, which 
in the early d r iys was the north-east 
corner of East Mnrket s.quare, a con 
junction of New (Nelson) (Jarvis) street 
and Palace (Front) street. 

The key alw> gives the losation of houses 
on Market street, now known as Welling 
ton street, for these houses could be seen 
from the bay, there being then but few 
houses between the present Front street 
and Market street, and in some places the 
houses on Krng street could be seen from 
the bay front. 

The key commences with No. 1 west of 
the Fort, and the reader is taken by way 
of Front street, east to the Parliament 
buildings then standing (1820), on the 
Bite of the old jail, at the south end of 
Berkeley street. 

No. 1. Commencing at the west end 
there is shown as No. 1 a house situated 
a hundred yards west of the western gate 
of the Old Fort, on the embaTilcment above 
the shore. The house, a frame originally 
and afterwards roughcast, faced the 
north. It was removed in the seventies. 
It was occupied by Mr. I>uffy, a master at 
Upper Canada College. It was built 
about 1818, and occupied by Mr. Duffy 
in 1825. 



No. 2. The Old Fort at the west side 

: of what was formerly known as the Gar 
rison Creek, was built in 1790, and was 
burnt, with the exception of eome log 
houses at the east end of the grounds, 
in 1813. The Fort was re-built in 1816. 
The row of three houses shown with three 

j chimneys each were of wood and are 
standing this day (1896). The house with 
the cottage roof, two chimneys and dor 
mer windows, was the officers quarters 
and of red brick. This was burnt in 1830. 
The block house shown is the one near 
est the east entrance to the Fort and 
still staiidiug. The depression in the 

j ground east of th block house is the low 
ground through which the Garrison Creek 
flowed, emptying into the bay at the 
King s (Queen s) wharf. From 1820 to 

j 1860 a wooden bridge some forty or fifty 

i feet long joined the east and west sides 

of the creek. 

The first building east of the Garriscvn 
Creek, not numbered, i-s apparently a oue- 
torey building, with one chimney, occu 
pied about the site of the red brick houtee 

; built by the Hon. J. II. Dunn, receiver- 
general of Upper Canada, and afterwards 
occupied by Mr. (Sir) D. L. Macpherspni 
No one has yet been able to identify the 
etraet site or the resident of the building 
shown in 1919. The Massey works now 
occupy the ground. The small building 
immediately to the welst. of this, also 
unnumbered, was a tavern, which stood 
on the< north side of Front street, at the 
liorthreast corner of what is now Bath- 
urst. It was long frequented by the sol- 

! dieris stationed in the fort. It was known 
for years as the Kescue Inn, and had a 
sign descriptive of a mother rescuing 
her child from an eagle s nest in the 

j mountains. 

Walking further east, there are three 

I houses before coming to Peter street (No. 

j 5). The occupants of these houses are 
uni^nofwn. 

No. 6 is Peter street, which was in 1820 
th western limit of the town. This 

i street ran north from Front street to 

i Queen. 

No. 6. This was the residence of the 
Hon. George Cruickshank, at the north 
east corner of Front and Peter streets. 
The drawing shows the building before 
the new residence was erected in 1823-4. 
The old house was removed to the back of 
the lot, and the new house, given in 
another Landmark in Volume III., erected 
on the corner. The buildiug was removed 
in 1860, and the ground is now vacant. 
No. 7. A few yards to the east of the 
Cruicki~(hank house was the residence of 
John Beikie, who was at oue time sheriff 
of York, and also clerk of the Executive 
Council of the Provincial Government of 



94 



LANDMARKS OF TORONTO. 



Upper Canada. This house stood where 
Windsor street now opens into Front. 

No. 8. The building on the shore was 
the military storehouse, which was after 
wards lengthened and enlarged, and 
tood on the srte up to 1858, when the 
Esplanade improvements were made. 

No. 9. Behind the ship and scarcely vis 
ible is the outline of the Halfway House 
or tavern, which stood about ninety feet 
west of the corner of John street, on 
Front. When originally built it was occu 
pied by officers of the garrison as quar 
ters, but finally it bscanie a tavern, 
which was resorted to by the soldiers on 
their way to and from the town, and was 
appropriately called " The Halfway 
House." It occupied the site of 294 
Front street. 

No. 10. This was Sergeant Eskerlioi s 
house, which stood directly east of the 
Halfway House. Eskerlin was an issuer 
or official of the commissariat depart 
ment. It was on the site of No. 286 
Front street west. 

No. 11. The large building on the north 
west corner of Front and John, now No. 
284, was the Greenland Foohery tavern, 
Which stands to-day as in 1820. The 
cottage, No. 8 John street, in rear of 
this house, which for many years was 
occupied by Edward Wright, who was 
the proprietor of the Greenland Fishery 
tavern, was the first building erected 
in 1817. The large building at the corner 
was erected in 1819, and not in 1825, as 
stated in Vol. I., p. 48, Landmarks, 

No. 12 shows the line of John street, 
which in those days ran from Front 
up to Queen street. At the north end 
of John street on Queen was the en 
trance to the Grange, the property cf 
Mr. Boultou. There were two large gates 
on the north side oJ Queen street, tt 
its junction with John street. John 
street was subsequently extended north 
to the present gates of the Grange. 

No. 18 shows the house of Mr. Itiley, 
on Market street, now known as Welling 
ton street. There were no homes in 1820 
between John and Graves (Simcoe) 
streets, where the third Parliament 
Buildings stand, so that from i ront 
street one could clearly see the houses 
on Market street. This house was erect- 
Ed in 1815. It is given in the list of 
that year as Riley s house, and its site 
was Nos. 264-66 Wellington street west. 

No. 14 shows a culvert on the shore, 
about 150 feet west of the line of Graves 
street. This was called Russell s Creek, 
which ran from the north-west part of 
the town across the now Spidina 
avenue, Beverley street, through Queen 
a hundred feet west of John, through 
the Macdonald property, between New- 



! gate (Richmond) street and Hospital 
I (Adelaide) street, through Upper Canada 
i Co leg? plfiy-PTGUiids and the Government 
! House grounds, east of the present Dor- 
j set street, finding an exit into the bay 
I in front of the east end of the grounds 
j of the Parliament Buildings on Front 
street. 

No. 15 is the house of Mr. George Rid- 
out, a two storey roughcast dwelling on 
Market street, known in later years as 
Dorset HCUSP, the site being on the north 
west corner of the modern Dorset street 
and Market (Wellington) street. The 
front part of the site is now No. 250 
Wellington street west. 

No. 16. Elmsley House, on the south 
west corner of King and Graves (Simcoe) 
street. It was in 1804-16 the residence 
cf Chief Justice Elmsley, and about 1816 
used as the Government house. It was 
partly brick, Ing and roughcast. It was 
burned about 30 years ago and the pre 
sent Government house was erected. 

No. 17. (Graves) Siincoe street, which 
was originally named after John Graves 
Simcoe, ran from Front street to Queen 
street, and subsequently (about 1870), 
William street, which ran from Queen 
street north, almost in a direct line with 
Simeoe, was changed to Simcoe, so that 
north to Erskine Presbyterian church is 
known as Simcoe street. 

No. 18. Thi-i was the red brick residence 
of Bishop Strachan on Front street, be 
tween Simcoe and York streets. It was 
built i,n 1818, and is now No. 140 Front 
street west. 

No. 19. To the east of Bishop Strachan s 
and north across Market (Wellington) 
i street was the cottage house of the Hon. 
i Robert Hamilton (1806), and of the Hon. 
i George Markland (1820), on the north- 
; we-t corner o? Market (Wellington) street 
! anil York street. It was Judge Draper s 
hcuse 1840-55, and in Mr. Markland a 
time was the h: use in which a few meet 
ings of the Legislature and all the meet 
ings of the Executive Council were held. 
It was also for a period the Surveyor- 
General s office, and was built in 1805-6. 
It is now the site of an hotel, and is No. 
116 Wellington street, at the north-west 
corner of York. 

The hcu^e directly east of No. 19 and 
ju t over th" figures 20, was the residence 
and shop of John Ross, the pioneer under 
taker of York. He it was who made the 
coffin for General Brock, and superintend 
ed the funeral at Queenston Heights. 
This ad led to his following the business 
of what would now be called "a funeral 
director." Ross moved in 1825 to Hospi 
tal (Adelaide) street, a hundred feet west 
rf the north-west corner of Hospital and 
(Peter streets. 



LANDMARKS OF TORONTO. 



95 



The building shown to the east of Ross 
an (uthouee of the residence of Sur- 



this cottage that the ladies of York 
sought refuse during the war of 1812 

i ir _ 



^^^^^^^^___ _ o .,, ~iGo.nr vuc > uvr xiu. 0^ ryt TviarKet street. 

residence of John McGill, the cottage No, 33. The low building shown just 
built in the centre of what is now the by tut bow of the ship was the first 
Metropolitan church grounds, on Queen, ! marke* in York. Jt occupied the eract 
Church, Bond and Shuter streets. This site of the present St. Lawrence market, 
building was erected in 1804. It was in I No. 34. Jarvis street. This street in 




1. Mr. Duffy s House West gate of 
Old Fort, 

2. Old Fort and Batteries. 

3. Officers Quarters, one storey brick 
building, dormer windows. 

4. Block House, near East entrance of Fort 



The Town of York (Toronto), Upper 



5. Peter St., west limit of town of York. 

6. Residence of Hon. George Cruikshank, 
North-east corner Front and Peter sts. 

7. John Beikie s House between Peter 
and John on Front st. 

8. Military store house on shore in front 



of Greenland Fishery Tavern. 

9. Half Way House, behind s 
feet west of Greenland Fishery. 

10. Eskerlin s House, east of 
11. Greenland Fishery Tave 

west corner John and Front stree 



wn of York (Toronto), Upper Canada (Ontario), in 1 



b of town of York, 
eorge Cruikshank, 
nd Peter sts. 
e between Peter 

on shore in front 



of Greenland Fishery Tavern. 

9. Half Way House, behind ships - - 60 
feet west of Greenland Fishery. 

10. Eskerlin s House, east of Half Way. 
11. Greenland Fishery Tavern, north 
west corner John and Front streets. 



12. John street. 

13. Riley s House, Mark 

St. 

14. Russell s Creek, Ci 
west of west line Graves (S 

15. George Ridout s h 




3 painted on the spot by Mr Irvine a Scotch artist. 



corner of Market (Wellington) st. and 



Wellington), present Dorset street. 



between Graves (Simcoe) and Y( 
19. Hon. George Markland s h 



16. Elmsley House south-west corner | corner Market (Wellington) anc 
store, 150 | King and Graves (Simcoe) st site of Gov- | 20. York street. 



e) st. 
north-west 



ernment House (1896). 

17. Graves (Simcoe) st. 

18. Bishop Strachan s residence, Front st, 



21. Judge Powell s house, nort 
ner Front and York streets. 

22. Bav street. 



irtist. This reproduction is from the o riginal oil, and 



e) and York streets, 
rkland s house, n. w. 



23. Major Hillier s cottage, north-east 
corner Front and Bay streets. 



27. Church st. 

28. Residence o Samue 



igton) and York sts. I 24. Judge Macaulay s house, n. w. cor- | st., at intersection of Shu 



ner Front and Yonge sts. 
louse, north-east cor- | 25. Yonge st. 



reets. 



26. Hon. John McGilFa cottage, now 
site of Metropolitan church, Queen st. 



29. Masonic Hall* Marl 

30. Ship Hotel -n.w. d 
and Front sts. 

31. Farmer s store hous 







ows Front street from the Garrison on the west to the 



I Church st. 
Jarvis, Jarvis | 32. Franck s Hotel, n. \v. corner Market 

I lane, Colborne st. and Market square. 

.ne. j 33. The Market, between East and West 

larket square I Market square. 

34. Jarvis st. , then New st. 
shore foot of 35. Thos. Robson s store, n . e. corner of 



Palace (Front) and East Market s( 

36. George street. 

37- Geo. Munro s house, north- 
ner Palace (Front) and George stri 

38. Frederick street. 

39. J. S. Baldwin s store, north 
ner King and Frederick streets. 



p 



29 < 




to the site of the Parliament Buildings of 1824, 



; Market square. 

ise, north-west cor- 

Qeorge streets. 

tore, north-west cor- 

streets. 



40. Hon. Win. Adams house, east side 
Frederick street, near Palace (Front) street. 

41. Allan s Wharf, foot of Frederick st. 

42. Attorney-Gen. J. B. Robinson s office. 
Front st. near Caroline (Sherbourne) st. 

43. Dr. Burnside s House, north side King, 



west of Caroline ( 

44. John Cawthi 
line (Sherbourne) i 

45. Caroline (Sh 

46. Russell Abb 
Palace (Front) and 




/"^ 
J^JS^I/rtf*? 

jii-sSkmjSJi^ -G#_ 
&- J ^y-^8^3a 




foot of Parliament street. 



ourne) st. 

tore n.w. cor. Caro 
ling, 
irne) st. 

- north west corner 
icess streets. 



47. Princess street. 

48. Alex. Legge s house north-east cor 
ner Palace (Front) and Princess st. 

49. Ontario street. 

50. Hon. C. C. Small s house, s. w. cor 
ner King and Berkeley sts. 



51. Berkeley st 

52. Parliament 

53. Governmenl 
ment House. 

54. Parliament 
j ed by fire 1824. 




ise north-east cor- 
Priucess st. 

3 house, s. w. cor- 
ts. 



51. Berkeley st. 

52. Parliament st. 

53. Government offices, north of Parlia 
ment House. 

54. Parliament House, built 1816, destroy 



ed by fire 1824. 



op. 94 



94 



LAM DM ARKS OF TORONTO. 



Upper Canada. This house stood where ! gate (Richmond) street and Hospital 
Windsor street now opens into Frout. : (Adelaide) street, through Ucoer Canada 



street. This was called Russell s Creek, 
which ran from the north-west part of 
the town across the now Spidina 
avenue, Beverley street, through Queen 
a hundred feet west of John, through 
the Macdonald property, between New- 



This ad led to liifi following the business 
of what would now be called "a funeral 
director." Ross moved in 1825 to Hospi 
tal (Adelaide) street, a hundred feet west 
cf the north-weat corner of Hospital and 
Peter streets. 



LANDMARKS OF TORONTO. 



95 



The building ehown to the east of Ross 
was au tuthouse of the residence of Sur 
veyor-General Chewett on the north side 
ft Market (Wellington) street, a huudred 
feet east of the east line of York. The 
original Chewett cottage stands to-day, 
incorporated in the two-storey house, 
Nos. 101-2 Wellington street west, east 
of the residence lately occupied by Dr. 
Thorburn. 

No. 20. York street, which ran from 
Front street to Lot (Quoeu) street. 

No. 21. William Dummer Powell s housa 
on the north-east corner of York street 
fcnd Front, abcut 200 feet from Front and 
on the east line of York street. It was a 
handsome, old-fashioned house, built of 
logs and clapboard. The site is now NOB. 
100-18 Front street. The house stood on 
the site of Nos. 51-3 York street. 

No. 22. Bay street, which ran from 
Front to Lot (Queen) streets. The tree 
over the figures " 22 " hides the house 
of Thomas Jobbitt, an ex-soldier of the 
Rangers, on the north-west corner of 
Bay and Market (Wellington) streets. 
Mrs. Jobbitt afterwards lived on the 
north side of Richmond street, and was 
popular as the proprietress of a small 
candy establishment. 

No. 23. On the north-east corner of 
Front and Bay streets was the cottage 
of Major Hillier, a cottage which was 
originally occupied by the Hon. George 
Markland. It was about 200 feet north 
from Front street, and about 100 feet 
east of the east line of Bay street. The 
gable under the figures " 23 " is part 
of the house of Andrew Mercer, on the 
south-west corner of Bay and Market 
(Wellington) street, now "Wyld, Grasett 
& Darling s warehouse. 

No. 24. The outline shows the gable 
of the house of Judge Macaulay, which 
was on the north-west corner of Front 
and Yonge streets, facing on Yonge 
street, about 100 feet from the west 
street line of Yonge, and 100 feet from 
the north street line of Front. It was 
in rear of No. 32 Yonge street and No. 
12 Front street west. 

No. 25. Yonge street, which ran from 
Front street north, as to-day. Partially 
hidden by a tree the outline of a build 
ing, unnumbered, and slightly to the left 
or west of No. 26 was the cottage home 
on the north-east corner of Front and 
Yonge streets, now (1896) the Board of 
Trade site, about 1830 occupied by Mr. 
Justice Sherwood. 

No. 26. The drawing shows clearly the 
residence of John McGill, the cottage 
built in the centre of what is now the 
Metropolitan church grounds, on Queen, 
Church, Bond and Shuter streets. This 
bnilding was erected in 1804. It was in 



this cottage that the ladies of York 
sought refuse during the war of 1812 
(Vol. L, p. 223). 

No. 27. This was Church street. In 
1820 this street ran north from Front 
to "Queen street. North of that was 
farm land, the Jarvis property being to 
the east of the modern Church street 
and the McGill property to the west. 

No. 28. The building shown in the 
drawing to the east of the McGill cot 
tage is the residence of Samuel Peters 
Jarvis, a brick house, which stood where 
Shuter and Jarvis streets intersect. The 
gates leading to this house were on the 
north side of Lot (Queen) and Jarvis 
streets. There was a circular drive up 
to the house. When Shuter street was 
opened and Jarvis street extended the 
house was removed. The old stable of 
this house, built in 1818, stands to-day 
at the west side of Jarvis street, about 
one hundred feet south of Wilton avenue, 
in off the street. It has a semi-circular 
window in its gable. It must be borne 
in mind that the city front to Queen 
street was entirely clear of trees, so that 
all these hou&es could be clearly seen 
from the bay front, and, by the aid of 
a powerful glass, from the Island. 

No. 29. This is the Masonic Hall on 
Market lane, now Colborne street. The 
hall was originally a one-storey build 
ing, built in 1818, and it was subse 
quently improved by the addition of a 
second storey. It stood on the south 
line of a lane that now runs between 
Church street and West Market square, 
about the centre of the block on Church 
street. The building was a famous 
scho olh ouse, and was the first place of 
worship for the Baptists in Toronto. It 
was in this building that Simon McGilli- 
vray reorganized the fraternity of Masons 
of Upper Canada in 1822. 

No. 30. The Ship Hotel. A large build-* 
ing which stood on the north-west cor 
ner of the present No. 20-22 West Mar 
ket square and Front street. 

No. 31. The Farmers Storehouse, on 

the shore near the foot of Church street, 

[ west of Mai t land s Church street wharf. 

i It was built of red brick, in 1819, and 

was used for the storage of grain. 

No. 32. Frank s Hotel, built in 1819- 
20, which stood on the north-west cor 
ner of Market lane (Colborne street) i>nd 
of the present West Market squ re. It 
wa in this hotel that the celebrated 
fancy ball of 1827 was held. The site 
is now No. 82 West Market street. 

No. 33. The low building shown just 

by tin bow of the ship was the first 

marke* in York. Jt occupied the exact 

I Bite of the present St. Lawrence market. 

No. 34. Jarvis street. This street in 



96 



LANDMARKS OF TORONTO. 



1820 ran only north to Queen street. 

No 35. This was Thorn is Robsou s 
store, a frams building on the north 
east corner of the present Eist Market 
square and Front street, which was then 
known as Palace street. This building 
ia shown in a view of 1803, and was 
built in 1800. Thtt site is now No. 29 
of Front street east, the east side. 

No. 36. George street. In 1820 this 
was the business street of the town/ 
^specially that part between Front and 
Duke streets. 

No. 37. The George Monro house. Thfa 
house stood on the north-east corner 
of Front and George streets. It was 
frame, log f:nd roughcast, and stands 
there to-day, and is now a farmers 
hotel. It has been kept in good repair, 
and, of course, has many modern im 
provements; but the original structure 
ia there as it stood 96 years ago, for it 
was erected about 1800, and is shown 
in the picture of Toronto in 1803. This 
house is now No. 114 Front street east. 
No. 38. Frederick street. This street 
ran from Front to Duke, and ended in 
front of the red brick residence of Sir 
Wm. Campbell, still istandiug. 

No. 39. J. S. Baldwin s house on the 
north-east corner of King and Frederick 
streets. The Canada Company originally 
occupied the building on the south-ea - st 
corner of the street, now occupied by 
Mr. Stinson. The building was afterwards 
the Bank of Upper Canada, prior to its 
removal to the north-east corner of Duke 
and George streets. Subsequently the 
Canada Company occupied Baldwin s 
store, and a few months ago (1896) re 
moved from that building to a more cen 
tral location in the Imperial Bank build 
ings, Change alley. This house is now 
Nos. 204 and 206 King street east. 

No. 40. The small house shown was the 
(residence of the Hon. William Allan. It 
wag on the east side of Frederick street, 
near Palace, just south of the present 
Newsboys Home, No. 59. 

No. 41. Allan s wharf, known as the 
Merchants wharf, at the foot of Frederick 
street. This was the first wharf or dock 
in Toronto. It was built in 1801. (Vol. 1., 
page 251.) 

No. 42. This shows the office of Attor 
ney-General John Beverley Eobinson, af 
terwards Chief Justice, on the north side 
of Front street, west of Caroline (Sher- 
bourne) street. The building stands to 
day, and is known as No. 158/ 

No. 43. Dr. Burnside s housJb, on the 
north eide of King street, about fifty 
feet west of Sherbourne. This building 
still stands. It has been kept in good 
repair, and this house, which was a large 
and commodious residence, has since been 



divided into two tenements. This house 
is now Nos. 216-18. 

No. 44. Joseph Cawthra s house, north 
west corner of Caroline (Sherbourne) and 
King streets. This was iu those days 
a busy corner, for everything from a 
needle to an anchor could be found here.* 
The site is no\v No. 220-22-24 King 
street east. 

No. 45. Caroline, now known as Sher-, 
bonif street. Owing to a misappr - 
hensioii on the part of those who f-ur- 
veyed the town in the fifties, the name 
"Sherbourne" was incorrectly spelt. The 
street was named after Sherborne, Eng 
land, the birthplace of the Hon. Thomas 
Ridout, and should be spelt Sherborne," 
and not "Sherbourne." It is to be hoped 
that the modern directories will make 
the change. The street was originallji 
] named after Queen Caroline. 

No. 46. Rus ell Abbey, on the north 
west corner of Palace and Princess 
streets. This house brings us once more 
to Front street. Russell Abbey was the 
residence of President Russell, and the 
offices of the Executive of the Pro 
vincial Government of Upper Canada, 
1797-1824. This site ,is now No. 184-6-8 
Front street east. 

No. 47. Princes street. This street was 
named after the sons of George III. It 
is not Princess, but "Princes " street, an 
other correction which might be made 
| In the directories. 

No. 48. Alex. Legge s house. This stood 
on the north-east corner of Palace 
(Front) street and Princes street. It 
is jow No. 200 Front street east. 

?b. 49. Ontario street. This street ran 
from Palace (Front) street to Duke 
street. 

No. 60. This shows the residence of the 
Hon. C. C. Small, which was situated 
on the south-west corner of King and 
Berkeley streets. The rear of the house 
is shown, and may be seen to-day in 
passing along the west side of Berkeley 
street. It is now No. 355-7-9 King 
street east. 

No. 51. Berkeley street. This ran from 
Front street north, but not, as origin 
ally supposed, to the bay. The direct 
ory of 1834 states that this street com 
menced at the north-west corner of 
Palace street and ran north. It was 
subsequently, about 1850, opened 
through the Fair grounds south to the 
bay. 

No. 52. Parliament street. This street 
, ran from Palace street north. It was 
i called Parliament street from the fact 
that the Parliament buildings stood at 
its southern end. 

No. 53. This was a large red brict 
building, used as Government offices. It 



LANDMARKS OF TORONTO. 



was built in 1816, after the \var, and 
used for Government purposes up to 
1824, when the south building, No. 54, 
was burnt. From that date until 1840 
it was used for emigration purposes by 
the Government. It is now tha site of 
Nos. 265-7-9 and 271 and other houses 
on Front street east, the buildings being 
dwelling houses. 

No. 54. This was the Parliament House 
built in 1816 and burnt in 1824. The 
Parliament House of Governor Simcoe, 
of 1797-181 , .stood ou this ?vf- 
Seymour, daughter of Dr. Powea, now 
residing in Ottawa, saw the building 
burning in 1812, and also the fire of 
1824. It is now the site o! the Gas Com 
pany works on Berkeley street, south 
of Front street west, the east side. 

This finishes the Landmark, and recalls 
many historical locations. Even "with 
the local knowledge of the writer and an 
intimate acquaintance with every detail 
of the history of York from 1792 down 
to the present time (1896), there may 
be errors in some of the foregoing loca 
tions. It is just possible that there are 
tho3e -who may be able to throw light 
upon the location of scm? of the build 
ings which are in the drawing, but from 
want of knowledge cannot be referred to. 
It is almost unnecessary to state that 
any information which will tend to im 
prove this Landmark will be most ac- 
fceptable. 



CHAPTER XXXVI. 
ABOUT POSTAL HISTORY- 

A History of the Postal Department of 
America From the Days or the Sixteenth 
Century. 

L Uniou Postale, published at Berne, ; 
Switzerland, the official organ of the I 
International Postal Convention, recent- j 
ly published some interesting papers on 
the postal service of this continent, I 
written by C. W. Ernst, of Boston, Mass, i 
The papers ore of interest in connection i 
with the same department in Canada, J 
and really contain a condensation of i 
the entire history of this important j 
branch of public service in America from i 
the earliest times. 

The Post-Office Department at Wash- j 
ington holds few records prior t~> 1789, 
and a fire destroyed in 1836 many i 
postal papers covering tl:e period from 
1789 to the year named. The records of 
the American postal service from 1775 : 
to 1789, being the period of the Con 
federation, are nearly all lost, the most 
interesting relic being a book of m5mor- 
anrla kept by Richard Bache. This book, 
erroneously published as "The Ledger of 



Doctor Benjrimin Franklin," is preserv 
ed in the Treasury Department oi tha 
United States, and contains postal 
memoranda from 1775 to 1780. For the 
earlier period WJ have the interesting 
Journal of Hugh Fiulay, which reviews 
the postal service of 1778-1774 in de 
tail, a chapter in Joyce s History of 
the (British) Po.jt-Office ; an e^say upon 
"The Early History of the Colonial Post- 
Office," by Mary E. Woolley ; a "His 
tory of the Postal Service in Boston, 
Mass., 1639-1893," by C. W. Ernst i; and 
the ecattered materials to be i oxmd in 
many American and European archives, 
in the records of tbe American colonies, 
in old almanacs, newspapers, and family 
papers. Occasionally the local histories 
give notes on postal affairs. 

The postal hittory of the United States 
of America has four periods. Up to 1693 
only municipal posts existed, though at 
tempts were made to establish inter 
colonial posts. The American post from 
1693 to 1707 stood under the Neale 
patent. From 1707 to 1774 the General 
Post-Office in London controlled. From 
1774 to 1789 is the period of transition ; 
but on the whole Congress controlled. In 
1789 the Constitution took effect, Wash 
ington was President, and the American 
Post-OfMce became a national estab 
lishment, destined to a growth not sur 
passed in postal history. The inception 
oJ this vast, service has abidiusr imer^t. 

The rates of postage in 1703 were as 
follows : 

" For every letter not exceeding one 
sheet of paper, 9d.; for two sheets, Is. 
6d.; for every packet weighing 1 ounce 
or under, 2s. 8d." 

There are several reasons why the 
early American posts were municipal. 
It should be remembered that Engla-nd 
herself had no General Post-Office until 
the Act of Parliajnuent signed by Crom 
well on the 9th June, 1657, gave the 
necessary authority. The colonies were 
not likely to have what the mother 
country lacked. 

To provide for ship letters, Massa,- 
chusetts appointed ;ui age..- ui liu.s.ou 
in 1639. He iorwurJed lett:rs not direct 
ly disposed of by the captains of vessels. 
The like arrangemaut w,as made at New 
York. In 1672, before the beginning of 
Philadelphia, Governor Lovelace ok New 
York tried to arrange a post to Boston. 
In 1684 Governor Dongan of New; York 
received authority "for setting up post- 
houses along the coast from Carolina to 
Nova Scotia," at least 10 p. c. of the 
profit to go to England. But so far were 
the colonies from having an exchange of 
mails that they could hardly be said to 
have a home post. In 1657 Virginia re 
quired planters to forward official let- 



98 



LANDMARKS OF TORONTO. 



ters ; a similar law was passed four 
years later. In other colonies official let 
ters w. re forwarded by constables, 
sheriffs, or special messengers. Of a regu 
lar post there is no trace. Private corre 
spondence was carried mainly by coast 
wise vessels or occasional travellers. 
Tradition tells of a post along the Dela 
ware river, from Trenton to Newcastle 
and Maryland ; but no record shows that 
the service was ever performed or need 
ed until 1093, when the American Post- 
Office began. 

This beginning is due to William III., 
and to the genius of Andrew Hamilton. 
History has yet to recount the merit 
of William III. in economic affairs. He 
founded the Bank of England, he sub 
sidized the post in Scotland, he gave 
England two extraordinary men for 
Postmasters-General, Cotton and Frank- 
land, and he perceived the importance 
of an American post. He carried the great 
financial, commercial and postal tradi 
tions of the Netherlands to England, and 
he was determined that the colonies 
shoiild share in the rise of the mother 
country. A happy solution was found 
for the legal and fiscal difficulties in the 
way of the American post. 

Acting under the law of 1660 the great 
King vested the American post in Thomas 
Neale, master of the mint and otherwise 
eminent for enterprise and large affairs. 
This interesting patent, the charter of 
the American post, was signed on the 
17th February, 1691. A few weeks later, 
on April 4th, Thomas Neale and -the 
Boyal Postmasters-General appointed 
Andrew Hamilton Postmaster-General of 
America. Except the king, the colonies 
had never had an officer or master in 
common. Would they accept an Ameri 
can Postmaster-General, who was given 
the postal monopoly for twenty-one; 
years ? Certainly each colony had the 
right to appoint a Postmaster-GerJeral 
of its own, to prescribe his duties, and to 
reap the rewards, if any. The patent 
itself recognized the right of the colo 
nies to prescribe what postage they 
pleased. A dozen colonies were to be 
consulted ", each was to surrender a cer 
tain right ; they were to agree for once, 
for without a certain agreement an 
inter-colonial post would be impossible. 

Hamilton, the father of the American 
post, overcame all obstacles ; he achieved 
a novelty in American legislation. Not 
only did he induce every colony to ac 
cept the Neale patent, but he led the 
legislature of each to pass substantially 
the same postal act, and he persuaded 
name of the colonies to pay him an an 
nual subsidy. Hamilton was born in Scot 
land, and became a merchant in Edin 
burgh. Ju. 1686 he was sent to New 



j Jersey to look alter the investments of 
: certain London merchants, among them 
I William Dockwra, the founder of the 
j London Penny-Post. Hamilton happened 
i to be in London when the American post 
| was proposed, and became the choice of 
, the king, of Neale, of the Postmasters- 
; General, of Dcckwra and the other mer- 
; chants. In the summer of 1692 he sailed 
for New York, and immediately upon his 
arrival visited all the colonie.3 in person 
I to win them over to his caiue. He was 
successful beyond reasonable expectation. 
All accounts unite in praising his talent 
for dealing with men ; even his oppo- 
! nents, William Penn among them, de 
sired his friendship. He was trusted im- 
; plicitly ; he endeared himself even to 
j casual acquaintances. A new element 
j seemed to have entered the American 
struggle for existence and wealth, the 
element of union, the power of colonial 
co-operation. Hamilton s diplomacy was 
exquisite. On moderate conditions he pro 
mised a weekly post from New Hamp 
shire to Virginia ; he satisfied each 
colony of his ability and resources ; and 
he kept every promise. 

New York led in granting Hamilton ^ 
request ; Pennsylvania and New Hamp- 
| shire followed ; Connecticut and New 
Jersey joined ; Massachusetts was the 
last to enter this postal union of the 
colonies, and passed a model act. Vir 
ginia alone failed. Its postal act of 1693 
looked to Virginia only, and demanded 
too much for that. Hamilton responded 
by including Virginia in bis postal ser 
vice. This service began on May 1st, 1693, 
and consisted in a weekly post from 
j Portsmouth, New Hampshire, to Boston, 
! Saybrook, New York, Philadelphia, Mary- 
! land, and Virginia. Five riders were en- 
! gaged to cover each of the five stages 
i twice a week. On an average each mail 
] rider travelled near three hundred kilo- 
j meters a week, in the beginning over 
i a country where roads were in the state 
of nature. But the service was per 
formed ; only in winter, it was fort 
nightly. The great mail route; from 
j Portsmouth to Boston, New York, and 
i Philadelphia is still the most important 
j in America. . 

The early accounts of Hamilton are 
happily preserved in London. His own 
salary was 200 a year. The post 
masters had a salary of 20 or less ; 
the mail riders received from 110 down. 
The total expense from May 1st, 1693, 
to May let, 1697, was 3,817 ; the re 
venue but 1,457. This deficit, partly 
due to Hamilton s liberality, was more 
than Neale, sometimes called the gov 
ernor of the American post, was willing 
to bear. His fortune nearer home had 
likewise declined, and to get rid of the 



LANDMARKS OF TORONTO. 



American post, he assigned it, with all 
its rights and duties, to Andrew Hamil 
ton. The latter must have had igreat 
faith in his Post-office ; he took tte 
patent and all it implied. The posts Wi-re 
continued with great regularity ; but on 
April 26th, 1703, he died at Amboy in 
New Jersey. The post was still in debt ; 
but Hamilton s credit was unimpaired. 
He had b eu governor of Pennsylvania 
and New Jersey ; and in the latter colony 
or province lie owned large estates. His 
death was mourned throughout the colo 
nies. It was equally regretted in Eng 
land. Men felt that Andrew Hamilton, 
more than any other man, had united 
the colonies, had given them a postal 
service that never failed, aud establish 
ed a communion of interest* not known 
before his day. The chief American port 
ior foreign letters, in Hamilton s time, 
was Boston. All these letters were treat 
ed as ship letters, the captains receiving 
a special fee for every letter they de 
livered to the Poet-Office. In Hamilton s 
day no newspaper was printed in Am 
erica, and in New York the first printing 
press was set up at the same time as the 
Post-Office. The first Postmaster of 
New York, Sharpae, is still remembered 
faithful clerk he was, beside serving as 
Postmaster. 

In comparing the earliest postal laws 
of the American colonies it will appear 
that the postage rates they prescribed 
were not entirely uniform. This seeming 
discrepancy is partly due to the fact 
that each colony had a different cur 
rency. Each colony used Spanish silver 
dollars, but counted in pounds, shillings 
and pence. But while each colony re 
tained the English names of money, none 
retained the English currency. Some of 
the colonies had coined their own money. 
An English guinea (21 shillings) was 28 
shillings in Massachusetts, 3G in New 
York, and 34 in Pennsylvania. The postal 
service had to contend with this diffi 
culty during the first century of its 
existence. Yet the establishment created 
by the great Hamilton was theoretical 
ly perfect. It provided for all contiu-. 
gencies likely to arise. It required post 
masters to "mark every letter with a 
print " ; it required the house delivery 
of every letter not called for rwithin 
forty-eight hours after arrival ; and it 
provided for the transmission of letters 
to all parts of the world. A letter from 
Boston to Neir York cost a shilling, 
from Boston to Philadelphia 15 pence ; 
the fee for ship letters was two pence, a 
part of which was paid to the captains. 
In addition they were free to charge sea 
postage. The customary rat for a sea 
letter became" a shilling. 

Fortunately for the Post-Office, the 



country was highly prosperous from the 
inception of the service. The mail riders 
of 1693 wt nt through a wilderness ; but 
every succeeding year brought improve 
ments. Population increased, affairs in 
creased. Tl e Post-Office was still in debt 
when Andrew Hamilton died in 1703, and 
his ton John Hamilton succeeded. Yet the 
Crown was anxious to possess the ser 
vice. In 1707 it purchased tbe good-will 
of the American Post-Ofifce for 1,664, 
| continuing John Hamilton as Postmas- 
j ter-Geiieral with an annual salary of 
I 200. In the same year the parliamentary 
1 and postal union of England and Scot 
land went into effect ; William s Post 
masters-General, who began in 1690 
, with the struggling posts of England, 
j found themselves in 1707 at the head 
j of an imperial post co-extensive with the 
I British empire. They had advised the 
j purchase of the American post. The 
i logical result was the great Post-Office 
act passed by the British parliament in 
1710. That great and memorable act 
controlled to the time of Queen Vic 
toria : ,in British North America it ruled 
until the colonies, first united by Andrew 
Hamilton in 1692 and 1693, became .tLe 
United States by the declaration of 1776 
and the treaty of 1783. When the Am 
erican Post-Office, in 1707, passed under 
the management of the General Post- 
Office in London, two interesting events 
had taken place since the death oJ Hamil 
ton. The first cross-post had been estab- 
i lished from New York to Albany, and 
in 1704 the first American newspaper 
began to appear the Boston News- 
Letter, which lived until the revolution. 

CHAPTER XXXVII. 
THE DEPARTMENT A CENTURY AGO 

The Progress of Postal Improvement on the 
American Continent from the Beginning 
of the Eighteenth Century. 

In 1707 the English Crown bought 
back the Neale patent, under which the 
great Andrew Hamilton had establish 
ed regular posts from New Hampshire 
to Philadelphia. The dismissal of Frank 
lin, in 1774, marks the end of this second 

period in the history of the North Am 
erican posts. The principal accounts of 
this period are the acts of Parliament 
passed in 1710 and 1765, respectively, 

known as 9 Annae chapter 10, and 5 
| Georg. III. chapter 25. In 1715 Herman 

Moll, a London geographer, published 
his " Map of the Dominions of the King 
i of Great Britain on the Continent of 
North America." This map, often re 
printed throughout the period under con 
sideration, indicates the post routes of 
the time, and gives in the margin " Au 



100 



LANDMARKS OF TORONTO. 



Account of ye Post of ye Continent of 
Nth America." In 1772, the London au 
thorities sent Hugh Fiulay to America 
to report on the posts. He arrived in 
1773, inspected the posts from Quebec 
to New York, as well as from Virginia 
eouth, and hie Journal, published in 1867 
gives a perfect picture of the royal 
American posts at the time of their 
transition from royal to American con 
trol. The Fiulay manuscript is in the 
library of the Post-Office Department at 
Washington. For the rest, the official 
accounts of this period are nearly all 
lost, and the postal history must be 
gathered from newspapers, almanacs, and 
the materials accidentally saved in pub 
lic archives and private collections. 

The great Postal Act of 1710, which 
controlled in North America until 1774, 
in England until Queen Victoria, was oc 
casioned by the union of England and 
Scotland, and in part by the purchase 
of the Neale patent, both these events 
having ta.ken place in 1707. A new law 
was necessary, and its postal provisions 
were suggested by Evelyn and Frank- 
land, of whom the latter was familiar 
with America. The law finally passed 
made the London Postmasters General 
the head of the postal service through 
out the British empire, and gave them 
the postal monopoly ; it made New York 
the head office in North America ; it 
gave the American mailriders free ferries; 
and it prohibited political agitation on 
the part of postal officers. The postage 
rates were to be a shilling for every 
single latter passing between London and 
New York. This rate continued until 31st 
December, 1867, and illustrates Auglo- 
Americau conservatism. Domestic post 
age in North America was fixed at 4 
peir?e per letter carried 60 miles (about 
97 kilometers) or less ; 6 pence per let 
ter carried more than 60, but less than 
100 miles (about 161 kilometers). A let 
ter from New York to Philadelphia was 
to pay 9 pence, to Boston 1 shilling, to 
South Carolina 18 pence. These rates 
were not materially changed by the law 
of 1765, and controlled virtuallv until 
1792. 

The rates so established may seem high 
to our age ; they answered all require 
ments in North America from 1711 until 
1792. They produced enough revenue for 
an efficient service ; and if they did not 
yield a surplus, they sufficed to maintain 
the service. They related to letters only, 
leaving printed matter as a perquisite 
with the service. They treated every 
sheet as a single letter ; and this view 
prevailed in America, until 1845. The act 
of 1765 permitted the establishment of 
Penny-Posts, that is, of local posts for 
the collation and delivery of letters not 



transmitted by mail from one post-office 
to another. No action was ever taken 
under this provision ; but the principle 
that Penny-Posts did not conflict with 
the postal monopoly, survived until 1851. 
On the other nand, tbe ruling of the 
King s Bench, 1768 (Annual Register, 
1768, p. 65), that a delivery fee could 
not be lawfully collected on mail letters, 
was riot accepted in America as binding. 
America accepted the parliamentary post 
acts with surprising composure. The 
right of Parliament to establish Ameri 
can postage rates was not free from 
doubt ; its right to establish free ferries 
was doubtful. America yielded because 
the several colonies and provinces were 
not prepared to co-operate, and still leas 
to support a national post by local 
taxes. Moreover the Crown provided a 
good service, although the post retained 
a half-foreign character. Postage rates 
were prescribed in English sterling, while 
the American Governments had each a 
currency of their own, and the American 
public saw very little money except a 
fluctuating and depreciating paper cur 
rency. It was for this reason that post 
age rates on letters, up to 1774, were 
indicated in pennyweights and grains, a 
pennyweight of silver being the equiva 
lent of threepence sterling. The value 
of a pennyweight differed from one col 
ony or province to another, and from 
year to year. This great obstacle was 
not fully removed until 1792. But the 
postal service remained solvent by cling 
ing to sound money, and was in a posi 
tion to pay its servants well. 

The Postmaster-General of America re 
ceived an annual salary of 200, and 
whatever he saw fit to charge for the 
transmission of newspapers. Postmasters 
received a percentage of their gross re 
ceipts, and usually had the official frank. 
This led them generally into the business 
j of publishing newspapers. The mailriders, 
I who are a sort of travelling post-office, 
treated everything as a perquisite, ex- 
l ctpt the letters charged to them by post- 
; masters. On the whole, the members of 
i the service were both prosperous and re- 
) spected. 

The Postmasters-General, appointed by 
those at London, were : John Hamilton, 
1703-30 ; Alexander Spotswood, 1730-39 : 
Head Lynch, 1739-43; Elliot Benger, 
1743-53. In 1753 Benjamin Franklin and 
William Hunter were . appointed joint 
Postmasters-General ; Hunter died in 
1761, and was succeeded by John Fox- 
croft, while Franklin served under the 
Crown until his removal in 1774. Hamil 
ton was the son of Andrew Hamilton, the 
founder of the American post. He lived 
in New Jersey, he was a good officer, 
and his removal in 1730 was apparently 



LANDMARKS OF TORONTO. 



101 



due to the fact that the Crown expected 
a surplus, while Hamilton spent the 
postal revenue in perfecting the service. 
He established post-offices at Newport 
in Rhode Island, at New London in Con 
necticut, and at Annapolis in Maryland ; 
he maintained the service he inherited 
from his great father, and he establish 
ed new mail routes. The most import 
ant of these is the great route from 
New York to Albany, which began on 
the novel principle of supporting new 
lines by the postage they might yield. 
Under Andrew Hamilton the mailriders 
hugged the Atlantic coast ; under John 
Hamilton the inland service began. 

His successors, from 1730 to 1753, and 
in the case of Hunter to 1761, were Vir 
ginians. They developed the service from 
Philadelphia to South Carolina. The 
post-office at Charleston, S. C., was es 
tablished about 1740. But on the whole 
they had limited success, though Spots- 
wood left a noble record. A new era 
began with Franklin and Hunter, in 
1753. Both had postal experience. Frank 
lin having been postmaster of Philadel 
phia since 1737, while Hunter, also an 
eminent printer, was postmaster of Wil- 
liamsburg, Va. Hunter s successor, Fox- 
oroft, lived at New York, and was a 
very good officer. Franklin was a great 
man ; the work of the post-office may 
not have suited him. He was generally 
absent from his post, and was removed 
for that reasoii in 1774. 

The few postal remains of the Frank 
lin era are the interesting letters print 
ed in his works, a broadside of 1753 on 
the keeping of postal accounts by post 
masters, and the reports of the time. 
His letter to Todd, dated 29th October, 
1769, has world-wide interest as describ 
ing the Gulf stream, of which he sub 
mitted the first cha.rt and the very name. 
His letter to Potts, dated 23rd April, 
1761, is a masterpiece of ingenuity. His 
letter to Hector St. Jean do Crevecoeur, 
not dated, but probably written in 1783, 
reviews the Atlantic mail service and 
suggests the compartment system now 
in general use. The publication, in 1774, 
was in England, where he had gone ten 
years before. In fact, during the 21 years 
that he was American Postmaster-Gen 
eral under the Crown, he was absent 
from the country two-thirds of the 
time. 

Yet he marks the beginning of a new 
era. In Philadelphia he introduced de 
livery by carriers. He established new 
poet-offices ; he extended the great post 
route to Maine and Georgia ; and when 
General Braddock entered upon his fam 
ous campaign to the Ohio, to decide 
whether England or France should con 
trol the Mississippi valley, Franklin sup 



plied Braddock with waggons and estab 
lished the first field-post in America, 
from Philadelphia to Winchester in Vir 
ginia. This campaign, beginning with a 
great catastrophe to the English, occa 
sioned a postal event of the first im 
portance. Braddock a defeat convinced 
the Crown that it needed regular com 
munication with America, both to re 
ceive and supply information. The entire 
Mississippi valley was at stake ; indeed, 
both France and England contended for 
the mastery of all North America. On 
the 15th of November, 1755, the British 
post-office despatched its first regular 
mail packet for New York (2 Penusylv. 
Archives 467). The Atlantic mail service 
thus begun has never ceased. Until July 

| 4th, 1840, when the Cunard steamships 
began to carry the mails, a monthly 
mail packet had sailed from Falmouth 
and New York, respectively, without 
serious interruption since 1755. These 
exchanges of mails have rendered very 
great services. Only a great and am 
bitious power could afford such a ser 
vice. 

The struggle between France and Eng 
land for American control was decided 
in favour of England. Canada was trans 
ferred from France to England, and to 
tie it closer to the English possessions 
in America, the Crown soon established 
a post route f^om New York to Mont 
real and Quebec". When Finlay was sent 
out in 1772, to inspect the American 
poets that consumed all they earned, he 
began with a survey of a mail route 
between Boston and Quebec. The Crown 
and its officers were anxious to hold 
Canada ; they knew the importance of 
regular posts ; they took large views. 
When the rupture between the Crown and 
its American possessions was complete, 
the Crown might well say that it had 
dismissed a great American from office, 
but that it had given America a postal 
service from Maine to Florida, from New 
York to Quebec, and a monthly service 
across the Atlantic ocean. It is not be 
lieved that the colonies unaided could 
have achieved so much. They might have 

i maintained municipal posts ; they enjoy 
ed a national and international service. 
In 1773 the mail between New York ;md 
Philadelphia was carried every other 
day ; between New York and New Hamp 
shire every third day ; and the mail be 
tween Boston and Portsmouth, N. IT., 
was carried by stage coach, a service 
which did not begin in England until 
1784, or after the English Crown had 
recognized the independence of the United 
States. It was the post-office that led 
in this movement for independence ; and 
this movement towards an independent 
or American post-office began in 1773, 



102 



LANDMARKS OF TORONTO. 



when Paul Revere became the confiden 
tial postrider of Massachusetts, and 
when William Goddard, of Baltimore, ad 
vocated what he called a constitutional 
as opposed to the parliamentary post. 
The dismissal of Franklin, in 1774, gave 
this movement a force which the Crown 
was unable to check. On the 25th of 
December, 1775, Postmaster-General Fox- 
croft announced the end of the royal 
post in North America ; Finlay, his as 
sociate, retired to Canada, where he 
served as Postmaster-General until the 
end of the century ; on the 4th of July, 
1776, the united colonies issued their 
declaration of independence, and became 
the United States of America. 



CHAPTER XXXVIII. 
THE WORK OF A CENTURY. 



A Brief History of the Post Office Depart 
ment from the Founding of Confedera 
tion. 

The Post-office Department of Canada 
is under the control of a Postmaster- 
General, who is i\ member of the Privy 
Council, and may be a member either 
of the Senate or House of Commons. The 
Postmaster-General is assisted in the gen 
eral management of the business of the 
department by a Deputy Postmaster- 
General. 

The post-office service is divided into 
two divisions the inside service and the 
outside service. The inside service com- ! 
prises the staff at headquarters, where j 
the business is distributed among the fol 
lowing branches : 

The secretary s branch has charge of 
the general correspondence with the pub 
lic, with foreign post-offices, and with 
the offices of the outside service. The 
secretary has charge of the establish 
ment of new post-offices, of all appoint 
ments and promotions in the staff of 
both the inside and outside service, and 
of the appointments of all postmasters. 
He has custody of the bonds given by 
all postmasters for due fulfilment of 
office. He has also charge of the en 
quiries respecting missing letters. 

The accountant keeps all books of ac 
count, and is responsible to the Post 
master-General for the prompt collection 
of post-office revenue, and for the exam 
ination of all vouchers for expenditure 
and for the payment of all accounts. 

The superintendent of the money order 
office has the supervision of all duties 



connected with the issue and payment 
of money orders, and conducts the cor- 
reepouteire connected therewith. 

Tue Savings Bank business is under the 
charge of a superintendent, to whom is 
delegated the charge of all matters con 
nected with the receipt and withdrawal 
of Savings Bank deposits. 

There is also a separate branch called 
the dead letter office, under charge of a 
superintendent, for the receipt and dis- 
posa 1 of all undelivered correspondence, 
including parcels and everything trans 
missible by post. 

Another branch of the department is 
the printing and supply branch, the su 
perintendent of which has the sole charge 
of the ordering, receipt, custody and dis 
tribution of the printed forms), stationery, 
mail bagSy locks, stamps, and all other 
stores used in the post office service. 

The charge of the mail service., includ 
ing letting, execution and general super 
vision of mail contracts and the corres- 
, jioudeuce connected therewith, is also 
l confided to a superintendent, and forms 
I a separate branch. 

The remaining branch is the stamp 
, branch, the superintendent of which has- 
charge of the ordering, receipt and issue 
of all postage stamps,, cards, wrappers, 
bands and stamped envelopes. 



OUTSIDK SERVICE. 

To ensure a proper supervision over 
the working of the department in its 
relation with the public, the Dominion 
is divided into fifteen divisions or dis 
tricts, each of which is in charge of a 
post-office inspector, who superintends the 
performance of the ordinary mail ser 
vice, establishes post-offices, carries on 
enquiries respecting missing letters, in 
vestigates complaints, and does all those 
things which have of necessity to be done 
by local officers. 

A certain number of th? more important 
offices, such as Montreal, Toronto, and 
Ottawa, are included in what is techni 
cally known as the outside office service 
of the post-office. The postmasters and 
clerks are appointed by the Governor- 
General in Council, and are paid fixed 
salaries, come under the provisions of 
the Superannuation Act, and together 
I with post-office inspectors and their 
> clerks and the railway mail clerks, com- 
! prise the outside service of the poet- 
office. Postmasters generally are not in- 
cluded in what is known as the civil 
service. 

Number of permanent and extra em 
ployes on the staff of the outside service 
of the Post-office Department : 



LANDMARKS OF TORONTO. 



103 



POSTAL DIVISIONS. 

Perman- Tempor- 

Rank or Class. ently arily Total 

employed, employed. 

Chief Post Office In 
spector 1 

Post Office Inspector. . 14 

Assistant Post Office 
Inspectors 20 

First-class clerks 9 

Second-class clerks 30 

Third-class clerks 31 15 46 

Messengers 11 14 

British mail clerks 2 .. 2 

Chief of Railway and 
mail clerks 10 .. 10 

First - class railway 
mail clerks 65 . . 65 

Second-class railway 
mail clerks 119 .. 149 

Third - class railway 
mail clerks 141 32 173 

Mail transfer agents . . 9 6 

Total 492 56 548 

Number of permanent and extra em 
ployes oil the staff of the outside service 
of the Post-office Department con 
tinued : 

CITY POST OFFICES. 

Perman- Temper- 
Rank or Class. ently arily Total 
employed, employed. 

Postmasters 17 

Assistant Postmasters 15 

First-class clerks 25 . . 25 

Second-class clerks 80 . . 80 

Third-class clerks .... 320 64 

Letter carriers 447 91 538 

Messengers and porters 23 65 

Total 927 197 

Total postal divisions 492 56 

Total 1,419 253 1,672 

Number of permanent and extra em 
ployes on the staff of the inside service 
of " the Post-office Department : 

Perman- Tempor- 
Rank or Class. ently arily Total 

employed, employed. 
Deputy head 1 



Chief clerk 8 

First class clerk 10 

Second class clerks 36 

Third class clerks 118 

Messengers 6 

Packers 24 

Writers 

Total.. . 203 



15 
38 

57 



8 
10 
36 
118 
10 
39 
38 

260 



HISTORY. 

Upon the confederation of the pro 
vinces in 1867, an act known as the 
Post-office Act, 1867, was passed by the 
Parliament of the Dominion. This act 
took effect from the 1st April, 186S, and 
from that date a uniform system of post- 
office organization was established 
throughout the provinces of the new 
Dominion. The domestic rate of postage 
was reduced from five cents to three 
cents per half ounce; the rate to the 



United States was reduced from ten cents 
to six cents the half ounce, and reduc 
tions were also made in the rates of 
postage upon newspapers, periodicals and 
other miscellaneous matter. 

On 1st January, 1869, there were 3,638 
post-offices in the Dominion. The revenue 
of the department was $1,024,701. 

The money order business having been 
in operation for several years before the 
confederation of the provinces, this branch 
of the post-office service was continued 
with such changes in detail as were 
necessary to secure uniformity through 
out the Dominion. 

An act authorizing the establishment 
of a post-office savings bank was passed 
in December, 1867, and on 1st April, 
1868, eightj -one of the principal post- 
offices in Ontario and Quebec commenced 
to receive deposits on savings bank ac 
counts. As there were already in exist 
ence in the provinces of Nova 1 , Scotia and 
New Brunswick Government savings 
banks, it was not thought expedient to 
extend the post-office system to those 
provinces until some experience had been 
had of its working in Ontario and Que 
bec. 

On the 1st of January, 1870, the rate 
of postage upon letters from Canada to 
the United Kingdom was reduced from 
12 1-2 cents the half ounce to six cents 
the half ounce. 

When the post-offices of the several 
provinces of the Dominion c"irne un3er 
central administration at Ottawa in 
July, 1867, it was found that there was 
great diversity of practice in the mode 
in which postmasters were compensated 
for their services, some being paid by 
a regular fixed salary, some by commis 
sion on the business of their offices, and 
some partly by commission and partly 
by ealary. 

A general scale of compensation was 
therefore adopted a minimum salary of 
$10 a year to all email offices where 
the business did not warrant a higher 
payment, and in all other cases a salary 
equal to 40 p. e. on all postal business UD 
to $800 a year and 25 per cent, on all 
business over that amount, and a special 
allowance in addition where the work 
had to be done during the nighty and 
for forwarding or distributing mails for 
other offices. This change took effect 
from the first of January, 1870, salaries 
to be raised every two years. 

Regular mail communication was first 
opened with Fort Garry (now Winnipeg) 
in 1870, the mails being sent by Chi 
cago, St. Paul and Pembiua. 

In 1871 arrangements were made for 
mail service to British Columbia. The 
mails were made up at Windsor^ On- 



104 



LANDMARKS OF TORONTO. 



tario, and sent to San Francisco, wh,ere 
they were conveyed by eea to Victoria. 

The inclusion of the provinces oS Mani 
toba and British Columbia necessarily 
involved the department in heavy ex 
penditure to maintain communication 
with the older provinces throughout the 
vast extent of country lying between 
the great lakes of Ontario and the Pa 
cific Ocean. One of the first routes es 
tablished was from Winnipeg^ then 
known as Fort Garry, to Pembina, at a 
cost of three thousand dollars ($3vOOO) 
a year ; another was from New West 
minster to Barkervillev in British Co 
lumbia, 486 miles, at an annual cost of 
sixteen thousand dollars ($16,,000.) 

Postcards were first issued to tho pub 
lic in Jnne k 1871. The convenience thus 
afforded was rapidly availed of,, and 
nearly one million and a half were is 
sued between June, 1871, and January, 
1872 . 

In 1872 the rate 01 postage upon let 
ters sent from Canada to Newfoundland 
was reduced from 12 1-2 cents to six 
cents per half ounce, and the rate of post 
age upon other matter made the same 
as within the Dominion. 

The organization of the postal service 
in Manitoba and British Columbia having 
been completed, the postal business of 
those provinces appears for the first time 
in the report for 1872. 

From July 1, 1873, all payments for 
salaries and other disbursements on ac 
count of the city post-ofi icea were made 
from a special appropriation from Par 
liament, instead of being paid out o! 
postages collected at the several offices, 
as had hitherto been the practice, the 
amount collected from postage being from 
the above date paid into the credit of the 
Receiver-General. 

In 1873 an arrangement was made for 
an exchange of money orders between 
Canada and British India, and in this 
year the money order system was also 
extended to Manitoba. 

Prince Edward Island entered the Do 
minion in July, 1873, and arrangements 
were at once made for bringing the postal 
system of that island into harmony with 
the rest of the Dominion. 

The system of free delivery by letter 
carriers of letters and newspapers was 
commenced in 1874 in Montreal and To 
ronto, and preparations were made for 
extending the system to such of the other 
cities as might, by extent of postal busi 
ness, seem to be entitled to such addition 
al accommodation ; street letter boxes for 
the reception of letters were also intro 
duced in the larger cities aud towns, and 
persona to be called stamp vendors were 
authorized to sell postage stamps to the 



public. Up to this time postage stamps 
could only be obtained from postmasters. 

In 1874 an important change was made 
in the treatment of dead letters. Hereto- 
lore such letters only as appeared ta be of 
value or importance had been returned 
to the writers ; but it was decided that, 
owing to the unsatisfactory character of 
the discrimination which a cursory ex 
amination o: the letters rendered possible, 
the system should be changed, and all 
such letters should in the future be re 
turned to the writers. 

In 1874 a treaty for the formation of 
a general postal union, and the adoption 
of uniform postage rates and regulations 
for international correspondence, was ar 
ranged and signed at Berne, in 
Switzerland, by representatives of the- 
principal nations of the world, including 
the United States. 

This treaty did not include the British 
possessions beyond the sea, but Canada, 
with the concurrence of the British Gov 
ernment, at once applied for admission as. 
a member. Meanwhile the letter rate ot 
postage between Canada and the United 
Kingdom was, by an arrangement with 
the Imperial post-office, reduced to the 
international rate of 2 l-2d sterling, or 
five cents, the half-ounce. 

The Canada Official Postal Guide was 
first published in 1874. 

Post bands were first issued in 1873. 

In February, 1875, a postal conven 
tion was made between Canada and the 
United States for the reduction of postal 
charges and general simplification and 
the improvement o; the postal intercourse 
between the two countries. 

Under this convention an arrangement 
was made by which each country gave 
conveyance over its mail routes to the 
closed domestic mails of the other free of 
charge when passing in transit through 
its territory ; and letters, newspapers and 
other ordinary mail matter, posted and 
prepaid in either country in the ordinary 
domestic rates o: that country, were to- 
be delivered at destination in the other 
without further charge of postage. 

A further convention was made in June. 
1875, to take effect iroiu the 2nd August, 
1875, for a direct change of money or 
ders between the united States and Cau- 
ada. 

In April, 1875, an act to amend and 
consolidate the statute law for the regu 
lation of the postal service was passed, 
to come into force on the 1st October, 
1875. 

By this act changes of much import 
ance were made in the postal system 
of Canada, chiefly in the adoption of 
the principle of compulsory prepayment 
of the postage upon all letters, news* 



LANDMARKS OF TORONTO. 



106 



papers and other mailable matter pass 
ing within the Dominion, and in the 
reduction of the rates on newspaper.*, 
periodicals and miscellaneous matter. 

The new rates of postage were : Let- 
tore, three cents per nah ounce; drop let 
ters, one cent per half ounce; post-cards, 
on: cent each; newspapers and periodi 
cals from the office of publication to 
regular subscribers, one cent per pound 
buli; weight; transient papers and books, 
one cent per four ounces; parcels, 12 1-2 
centw per eight ounces. Request letters- 
thai is, letters having printed thereon 
th3 name and address of the sender, 
with the request that euch letter, if 
not delivered within a certain time 
specified thereon, might be returned 
direct to the writer without passing 
through the Dead Letter Office wero 
first recognized by the department in 
November, 1875. 

The free delivery of letters by letter 
carrier was extended to the cities of 
Quebec, Ottawa, Hamilton, St. John and 
Halifax in 1875. 

In July, 1876, the opening of the In 
tercolonial Railway afforded means of 
communication by rail between the west 
ern and the Maritime Provinces, by 
which a great acceleration in the trans- 
mission of mails to and from the West 
ern Provinces and Halifax and St. John 
was effected. 

The establishment in November, 1876, 
of a mail service between Winnipeg and 
Edmonton, a distance of nine hundred 
miles, left but little more to be done 
to complete the service from Halifax to 
^Vancouver. 

The postage on letters to Newfound 
land was reduced to five cents per half 
ounce, and the registration fee on each 
registered letter passing between the 
United Kingdom and Canada was reduced 
from eight cents to five cents. 

The opening of this railway also en 
abled the Post-office Department to make 
an arrangement for embarking and laud 
ing the mails for and from Europe by 
the Canadian line of mail steamers, at 
Rimouski, a point on the Intercolonial 
Railway 191 miles east of Quebec, by 
which a very considerable saving of time 
in the transmission of these mails to 
the principal cities in the Dominion was 
effected. During the winter the mails 
were landed at Halifax, instead of being 
carried on to Portland, Maine. 

In January, 1877, an arrangement was 
made with the general post-oifice of the 
German Empire for a regular direct ex 
change of correspondence, and the rate 
of postage upon letters was reduced to 
five cents the half ounce. Reductions were 



: also made in the postage upon other 
classes of correspondence . 

By the convention oi Paris, dated 1st 
June, 1878, Canada was admitted to be 
a member of the General Postal Union 
from the 1st July, 1S7S, and in conse 
quence the rate of letter postage be 
tween Canada and all Europe oecama 
vni-i uniform charge of five cents per half 
ounce. 

Newspapers, printed matter and 

samples and patterns of merchandise be- 

i came subject also to uniform postage 

I rates and regulations for all destinations 

in Europe. 

The existing postal arrangements be- 
tweeu the United States and Canada 

were by mutual agreement allowed to- 
remain undisturbed by the entry of Can 
ada into the union. 

Tho postal agreement between the post- 

office of the German Empire and Can 
ada expired, however, as provided by the 
agreement. 

In June, 1880, an amended convention 
i was made between the Post-office De- 
! partment of the United States and the 
i Post-office Department of Canada, for the 
; purpose of making certain alterations in 
i the system under which money orders 
were exchanged between the United 
States and Canada. Under this conven 
tion the maximum amount of each money 
order was fixed at fifty dollars, with, 
power to increase the amount to one 
hundred dollars by mutual agreement be 
tween the two Post-office Departments. 
The maximum amount of a money order 
had previously been forty dollars. 

The rate of commission was fixed at 
ten cents for any sum not exceeding ten 
, dollars, and ten cents additional for 
every ten dollars or fraction thereof^ 

In 1881 an agreement was entered into 
for the establishment for direct steam 
communication between Canada, the 
West Indies and Brazil. The first steamer 
of the- line, the Comte d Eau, arrived 
at Halifax from Rio de Janeiro on the 
31st December, 1881, with mails from 
Rio de Janeiro, Bahia, Peruambuco, Para- 
and St. Thomas, West Indies, and sailed 
from Halifax on the return voyage on 
the llth January, 1882. 

On the 17th May, 1882, an act was 
passed, which came into force on the 
1st June, 1882, by which under certain 
conditions as to form and manner of 
posting newspapers and periodical* 
printed and published in Canada, and 
mailed by the publisher in the post- 
office at the place where they are pub 
lished, and addressed to regular sub 
scribers or newsdealers in Canada, resi- 
den 1 - elsewhere than in the place of pub 
lication, were transmitted by mail to> 



106 



LANDMARKS OF TORONTO. 



their respective addresses free of post- I 
age. 

OL. the let July, 1882, the charge for 
commission irt the issue of money orders ! 
in Canada, payable in the United King 
dom, was reduced to the same scale ; 
as that agreed upon in the United States j 
in the amended money order convention 
of 1880. 

A convention for the exchange of money ; 
orders between France and Canada was 
signed by Earl Granvilie, Secretary of 
Btatc for Foreign Affairs, and Mr. Wad- 
<liiigton, Ambassador of France to the 
Court o! St. James, on 20th June, 1884, | 
and went into operation on the 1st Nov- 
ember following. 

During the years 1883 and 1884 special 
money order conventions were made be- 
tweer. the post-offices of the German Em 
pire, Italy, Switzerland and Belgium and 
Canada, and arrangements were made | 
by which Canada could exchange money 
orders with Germany, Italy, Belgium, 
Switzerland, Austria, Sweden, Norway, 
Denmark, the Netherlands, Barbadoes, 
.iiiri Jamaica, Victoria (Australia), Tas 
mania, and New Zealand, and generally 
with all British possessions and foreign 
countries with which the British post- i 
office had money order arrangements. 

On 1st January, 1885, a post office ; 
and money order office was established j 
for the convenience of the large number of 1 
men engaged in connection with the con- j 
st ruction of the Canadian Pacific railway, 
the post-office and home of the postmaster 
being in a railway car, which had been 
fitted up as well as circumstances would 
permit for that purpose. As the laying of 
the track progressed the car moved west 
ward until the section o the road coming 
eastward was met, when the necessity 
for the o fice having ceased, the "end-of 
track" post-o fice became a thing of the 
past. To give an idea of the convenience 
afforded by this office, it may be stated 
that during the ten months in which it 
was in existence money orders to the 
value of .$65,304 were issued there. 

On the 1st November, 1885, the main 
line of the Canadian Pacifis railway was 
completed to "Winnipeg, and a mail ser 
vice by railway, with postal car and mail 
clerks in charge, was commenced from 
Montreal and Ottawa to Winnipeg, the 
trip being made in about sixty-six hours, 
the distance 1,430 miles. 

On Monday, the 29th June, 1886, the 
first through line left Montreal for the 
Pacific, and reached Port Moody, the then 
western terminus of the Canadian Pacific 
railway, on the 4th July. This train car 
ried a post-office car, in the special 
charge of the chief po^t-office inspector, 
Mr. John Dewe, under whose supervision 



the arrangements which had already been 
made for daily ^o;tal car service over the 
whole line of 2,892 miles, went into 
operation. 

The Canadian Pacific railway thus, iu 
connection with the railways already in 
existence in Quebec and the Maritime 
Provinces afforded a continuous daily 
line of mail service by postal car over 
Canadian territory from the Atlantic to 
the Pacific, a distance of 3,740 miles. 

In August, 1885, an arrangement was 
made with the Imperial post-office for 
the transmission of closed parcels by mail 
between the two countries, no single par 
cel to exceed three pounds in weight. 

On the 1st November, 1885, the Post- 
office Savings Bank system, which had 
fo.- several years been in operation in 
the Provinces of Ontario and Quebec, was 
extended to Nova Scotia and New Bruns 
wick. 

The completion of the Canadian Pacific 
railway to the Pacific Ocean enable^ 
the Canadian post-offices to send mailB 
direct to China and Japan by vessel* 
sailing to and from Vancouver. 

An amended postal convention for the 
purpose of making better postal arrange 
ments between the United States and 
the Dominion of Canada was signed in 
January, 1888. One of the chief pro 
visions was the admission to the mails 
of a variety of miscellaneous articles 
so put up as to be liable to inspection, 
at a rate of postage one cent per ounce, 
an arrangement which afforded great con 
venience to the people of both countries. 

The above was amended by a further 
convention signed on the 25th April, 
1888, establishing a uniform rate of one 
cent per ounce upon all merchandise, and 
a rate of one ceat for two ounces upon 
all books, pamphlets, circulars, and all 
printed tnatter generally. 

On the retirement from office, after a 
service of forty-eight years, of Mr. H. 
A. Wicksteed, tie accountant of the de 
partment, the several accounting branches 
of the department w^re placed under the 
control of one officer, who wa.s callei 
the Financial Comptroller, but tl e change 
was not found to mset the expectations 
which had been formed of its utility, and 
on the death of Mr. J. Cunningham 
j Stewart, who had ben appointed to 
the office, the position was not, and has 
not since been filled. 

The 1st of July, 1888, was marke^l by 
the retirem.- nt of Mr. W. H. Griffin, 
Deputy Postmaster-General, after a ser 
vice of fifty-seven years ; he had been 
the permanent head of the post-office of 
Upper and Lower Canada from the time 
when the control of the department was 
handed over to the principal authorities 



LANDMARKS OF TORONTO. 



107 



in 1851, until Confederation, and Eeputy 
Postmaster-G3neral after the union. 
Lieut.-Col. William White, who had be n 
secretary of the department since 1861, 
succeeded hfim, and has done much to 
bring the department to its present state 
of efficiency. 

Colonel White s is a somewhat strik 
ing personality ; he is a Justice of the 
Peace for the County of Carleton and 
lieutenant-colonel of the 43rd Batta 
lion of Canadian Militia cad was born 
in London, England, January Gth, 1830. 
and was educated at a private fchvol 
near London, England, and shortly a.ter 
leaving school he was appointed (19th 
Feb., 1846) to the Civil Service as a clerk 
in the General post-office, St. Martin s 
le Grand. This appointment he resign 
ed in April, 1854, in which year he came 
to Canada. He remained at Goderich, 
in Western Ontario, during the sum 
mer of 1854, and in November of that 
year, entered the Civil Service of Can 
ada as chief clerk in the money order 
branch of the Post-office Department. 
This .position he retained until Janu- 
axy, 1861, when he was promoted to 
the secretaryship of the department. 
He was gazetted a lieutenant in the 
3rd Battalion of Toronto militia on 31st 
March, 1859, and transferred to the un 
attached list on the 18th May, 1860. 
At the time of the Trent affair in 1861 
he joined the Civil Service Rifle Com 
pany, and served as a non-commission 
ed officer therein until the Civil Service 
Regiment was formed, in which he com 
manded a company (commission as cap 
tain, dated 21st September, I860,) until 
it was disbanded in December, 1868. 
He was appointed to the command of 
an independent rifle company on the 
23rd July, 186!?, and promoted to the 
rank of brevet-major, 25th January, 
1872. On the organization of the Gov 
ernor-General s Foot Guards in ?J72, 
his company became No. 1 Company 
of the Guards, in which regiment he 
was appointed senior major on the 20th 
September, 1872. He was promoted lieu 
tenant-colonel by brevet, 25th Jan 
uary, 1877, and was transferred from 
the Foot Guards to the 43rd Battalion 
as lieutenant-colonel on the re-organi 
zation of the Ottawa and Carleton 
Rifles, on the 5th August, 1881. He 
commanded the Canadian team at Wim 
bledon in 1884, on which occasion they 
won the Kolapore Cup. He has 
likewise been president ot the Ot 
tawa Athenaeum and Mechanics In 
stitute, secretary of the Ottawa Natu 
ral History Society, and presi 
dent of the Ottawa Field Natur 
alists Club. Colonel White was ap 
pointed in June, 1880, a member of the 
Royal Commission to enquire into the 



Civil Service of Canada. He has never 
taken an active part in politics, and 
cannot be said to belong to either of 
the two igreat political parties. He mar 
ried at St. George s, Hanover Square, 
London, on 1st October, 1853, Eliza 
beth, daughter of George Keen, of Lam 
beth. 

In June, 1889, a convention was signe 1 
with Japan for a direct exchange of 
money orders between Japan and Can 
ada, the conditions being similar to those 
in the conventions already made with 
other coiintries. 

By the Post-Office Act of 1889, the 
limit of weight of a single rate letter 
was increased from half an ounce to an 
ounce ; the rate on drop letters was fixed 
at two cents the ounce. The charge for 
registration was also made uniform and 
fixed at five cents. 

The mail service established between 
Canada, the West Indies and Brazil som^ 
years since did not answer the exp3Cta- 
tions formed of it, and was finally dis 
continued. In January, 1890, ^however, 
it was thought that as far as the West 
Indies at any rate such, a service might 
be re-established with advantage, and a 
service was therefore inaugurated be 
tween St. John, New Brunswick, and 
Demsrara, touching en route at some of 
the West India Islands. 

Through the courtesy of the Imperial 
Post-Office an arrangement was made 
by which parcels could be r&ceived from 
or forwarded to (via England) all coun 
tries with which the Unitei Kingdom had 
a parcel post. 

A convention, taking effect from let 
Octobsr, 1880, w -.s made with Japan for 
the establishment of- a parcel post be 
tween the two countries, and a similar 
convention with Barbadoes taking e. L Ct 
from 1st April, 1891. 

On the 28th April, 1891, there arrived 
at Vancouver the magnificent steamship 
the Empress of India, tie first vessel of 
the line which had be -11 established by 
the Canadian Pacific Railway Company 
under the contract with the Imperial 
Post-Office. The route taken by this line 
between Vancouver and China and Japan 
is 300 miles shorter than any other 
route from the American continent, and 
as the vessels of the line run at a high 
rate o! speed, the time hitherto taken to 
reach China and Japan has been ma 
terially lessened. 

A convention for a direct interchange 
of money orders between Canada and the 
Leeward Islands was concluded on the 
llth February, 1892. Similar conven 
tions were concluded between Canada and 
Bermuda on the Gth December, 1892, and 
between Canada and British Guiana on 
th<; 7th December, 1892. A convention 



108 



LANDMARKS OF TORONTO. 



-a made with British Guiana for^ a 
direct exchange of parcels on the 7th 
December, 1892. 

Arrangements were also made for in 
creasing the weight of parcels sent be 
tween Canada and the United Kingdom 
from seven pounds to eleven pounds, and 
for a slight reduction in the charge upon 
all parcels exceeding one pound in weight. 

The arrival at Vancouver on the 9th 
June, 1893, of the Miowera, which had 
sailed from Sydney on the 18th May, 
marks an epoch in the history of the 
Canadian post-office, which well may be 
the starting point from which a great 
future may develop, and whilst it is the 
last event to be reached in this short 
sketch of the growth of the Canadian 
post-office since the confederation of the 
Nortli American colonies, no event which 
ha*? occurred is more pregnant with in 
terest to the inhabitants of both Canada 
and Australia, or more likely to exercise 
au important influence upon the Empire 
to which we are all so proud to belong, 
because in connection with the fast ser- 
T lce across the Atlantic, and the won- 
oerfui facilities afforded by the Canadian 
Pacific railway for the transmission of 
mails and passengers between Vancouver 
and Halifax, it will make Canada the 
great highway to the Australian col 
onies and the islands of the Pacific, as it al 
ready is becoming to China and Japan. 

A comparieou of the transactions of 
the Canadian past-offices for the year 
ended 30th June, 1868, with those for 
the year ending 30th June, 1895, will 
show at a glance the enormous increase 
in the operations of the department dur 
ing the quarter of a century which Las elapsed 
since the. confederation of the provinces. 

For the year ending 30th June, 1868, 
thr revenue was $1,024,701.98. 

For the year ending 30th June, 1895, 
thn revenue amounted to $3,815,455.71, 
an incrsrso of $2,990,753.73. 

At the close of 18G8 there were in 
Canada 3,638 post-offices; on 30th June, 
1895, 8.832 nost offices were in operation. 

On the 30th June, 1869, the total 
amount standing to the credit of de- 
1-osito*" in the Post-office Savings Bank 
wr.fi ?8K6,814.26. O-i thn 30th June, 1895, 
th amount wns $26,805,542.47. 

Classification of balances to the credit 
o? depositors on 30th June, 1895 : 

Number. Amount of Average 
Balances. Balance. 
Ami.". 3500 and 

under 104,627 $10,645,176.37 ? 101.74 

Amts. over $500 

9.611 
C,390 



and under $1,000 

$1,000 and over. 



6,712.482.01) 608.41. 
9,447,884.04 1,478.54 



120,628 $2fi.80")..542.4r, $222.22 
The amount paid for mail service on 



railways in 1868 WPS $196,247.94. In 
1895 it was $1,241,115.31. 

The following article, copied from a 
paper published in the Province of 
Quebec, the Journal Des Trois Riv 
ieres, dated August 16, 1869, gives 
some interesting details of the 
Canadian Postal System. From this 
paper we learn that on the cession of 
this country to Great Britain, a regu 
lar mail carrier was established be 
tween the cities of Montreal and Que 
bec. The celebrated Benjamin Franklin 
was the Deputy Postmaster-General lor 
the English colonies from 1750 to 1774. 
In 1776 this functionary, while giving 
evidence before a committee of the 
British Parliament, sta,ted that, as a 
rule, the mail carrier kept the route 
by the water highways, seldom pene 
trating into the interior. From thGs evi 
dence, also, we learn that the mail com 
munication between Quebec and Mont- 
treal was not more frequent than once 
a juaonih. For not having establisJhed 
intermediate post-offices between the 
two towns, Franklin alleged the great 
distance between the settlers on the 
banks of the St. Lawrence, the isolation 
of the Canadian villages, and the exces 
sive difficulty of inter-communication 
in his day. The fact is, however, that 
lien jam in Franklin was a great enemy 
to Canadian prosperity, and always look 
ed, with aversion upon the people of the 
newly acquired colony. 

In 1774 war having broken out be 
tween the mother country and the Eng 
lish colonies, Franklin was deprived of 
his office, and Mr. Hugh Finlay, a sub 
ordinate of the great republican phil 
osopher, was appointed Deputy Post 
master-General for Canada. Mr. Fin- 
lay had given great proofs of capacity 
under the previous regime, and 
being a man of very high 
character and probity, he was 
armed with large discretionary powers 
to put the mail system of Canada on 
a better footing, and to make its oper 
ations more extended and regular. Un 
til 190, there were added but two in 
termediate postoffices between Quebec 
and Montreal ; in the year following 
offices were opened at Three Rivers 
and Berthier. Every month, however, 
a mail messenger was sent by Halifax 
to England. At this date the local mail 
betwixt Quebec and Halifax was bi 
weekly in summer and once a week in 
winter. The local mail between Que 
bec and Montreal had increased to twice 
a week. In 1800 Mt. Hugh Finlay was 
succeeded in office by Mr. George Her- 
iot. This gentleman, being also com- 
mi"sioned as Deputy Postmaster-Gen 
eral for New Brunswick and Nova Sco- 



LANDMARKS OF TORONTO. 



109 



tia, as well as for tha two Canadas, had 
to oversee the service throughout all , 
these provinces, and to visit them from i 
time to time. In the four first years j 
of his administration he opened but one I 
new postoffice in Lower Canada, and j 
five in the upper province. Matters pro- J 
gressed slowly enough until 1816, when i 
Mr. David Sutherland succeeded Mr. 1 
Heriot. Ini 1817 he opened six addition- j 
al offices of delivery in Lower Canada, j 
which made the total number of offices 
in operation thirteen. Nova Scotia and 
Prince Edward Island were placed under 
the management of independent officers, i 
and in that year the mails were still ! 
sent but weekly to New Brunswick. In : 
1824 Mr. Sutherland Avas succeeded by 
Mr. Thomas Allen Stayner, and it was 
in this year that New Brunswick was 
endowed with an independent postal de 
partment. Mr. Stayner administered 
his important office for the space of 
twenty -seven years with great zeal, 
and giving entire satisfaction to 
the public. He greitly increased 
the number of local offices, and inau 
gurated many of the reforms which have 
since developed into that vast and safe 
system of communication with which 
our people ore Tartuliar. On the 6tb 
April, 1851, the Canadian mail depart 
ment was transferred from the Imperial 
to Provincial control, the first Postmas- 
i er-<^eneral being the Hon. John MorrLs. 
Some idea of the progress made from 
1760 to 1781, a period of twenty years, 
may be obtained by contrasting the de 
partment under which Benjamin Frank 
lin, and that over which Mr. Morris 
was called to preside. The carrier, who 
made monthly journeys on horseback be 
tween the military posts of Quebec and 
Montreal, and whose safe arrival at 
either of those then distant cities would 
no doubt cause the utmost satisfaction 
to the King s lieges, male and female, 
had been replaced by the steamboat, 
and soon would be by the railway, and 
the two primitive post-offices of Can 
ada had extended into a network of 601 
local offices, transmitting among them 
letters to the number of 2,132,000 an 
nually. In 1861 these figures had at 
tained to 1,775 offices, and the num 
ber of letters transmitted to 9,400,000; 
in addition to a weekly line of ocean 
mail steamers to Europe, over 1,200 
miles of railway, doing mail service 
from one end of Canada to the other, 
and a magnificent network of tele 
graphic wire supplementing the postal 
system. What cumber of offices were 
open and the number of letters carried 
for the year ending July, 1867, when the 
postal system of the Dominion was 
placed under one head, we have not at 



hand, but we may state that during 
the official term of the Hon. MX. Lange- 
vin, the revenus from this source at 
tained almost 900,000. In the year 1851 
the system of cheap postage was tried 
in Canada, the rate being reduced from 
an average one of fifteen cents to a 
uniform rate of five cents prepaid, and 
seven cents for unpaid letters. In the 
following year this reform resulted in 
doubling the number of letters carried, 
with the reduction of only one-third of 
the previous revenue, and in a short 
time the receip.s not only increased to 
the former figure, but grtatly exceed 
ed it. 



CHAPTER XXXIX. 
CANADIAN PARLIAMENTS. 



Slmcoe s First Legislature The Early Mem 
bers Contested Elections and Their Rr 
suits WUere the Honse Met and iien. 

The first Parliament of Upper Canada 
was elected in 1792. The infant town 
of York formed a portion of the con 
stituency of York County, the member 
being Mr. James Baby, who also repre 
sented Lincoln. He was succseded in 
1796 and in 1801 by Richard Beasley, 
and in 1805 by Solomon Hill and R. 
Nelles. In 1801 Henry Alcock represent 
ed East York, and Angus McDonellwas 
the member in 1802 and 1805. Mr. Wil 
liam Weeks sat for what is described 
as the second riding of York in 1805, 
and Justice Thcrp in 1806. In 1813 the 
West Riding of York was represented 
by John Wilson, and in the latter year 
Mr. Thomas Ridout also sat for the 
same constituency, combined with the 
county of Simcos. He appears to have 
had for his colleague Robert Nelles, 
who was also member for the First Rid 
ing of Lincoln and Haldimand. In 1817 
Peter Robinson represented East York, 
and in 1820 the town of York obtained 
separate representation, Mr. John Bev- 
erley Robinson being the first member. 
Very few of the records of the early 
Parliaments are complete, many hav 
ing been irrecoverably lost, so it is im 
possible to give a list of the members 
for the county with any great degree 
of accuracy. As far, though, as can be 
ascertained, from 1792 to 1820 they were 
as follows: 

1792 James Baby, York. 

1796 Richard Beasley, W.R 

1801 Richard Beasley, W.R. 
Henry Alcock, E.R. 

1802 Angus McDonall, E R. 

1805 Solomon Hill, W.R. 
R. Nelles, W.R. 
Angus McDonell, E.R. 
William Weeks, 2nd Riding. 



no 



LANDMARKS OF TORONTO. 



1806 Justice Thorp, 2nd Riding 
1809 John Wilson, W.R. 
1813 Thomas Ridout, W R. 

Robert Nelles, W.R. 
1817 Peter Robinson, E.R.. 
W.R. and E.R. stand for West and 
East Riding 1 respectively. 

The earliest record, as has been stat 
ed, of a member being returned to the 
Provincial Parliament by the town of 
York was in 1820, when the late Sir 
John Beyerley Robinson, after 
wards Chief Justice, was elected. 
He continued to hold the seat until 
1829, when the late William Lyon Mac 
kenzie was elected. He sat for about a 
year, when he was displaced by the late 
Hon. Robert Baldwin ; but again was 
elected in 1831, and held possession 
until 1830 , when the late Chief Justice 
Draper was elected in his place. 

A general election followed Lord 
Sydenharn s act for the union of the 
two provinces of Upper and Lower Can 
ada in 1841, when Isaac Buchanan and 
John Henry Dunn (the latter had been 
for many yeara Receiver-General of 
Upper Canada) were elected. They were 
both Reformers, while their opponents 
were George Monro and Henry Sher 
wood, Conservatives. There was a great 
deal of rioting and noise at this elec 
tion, but no very serious disturbance. 

Mr. Buchanan resigned January 2nd, 
1843, and was succeeded by Hon. Henry 
Sherwood, the elections taking place on 
March 6th, 1843. Capt. Macaulay was 
the unsuccessful candidate. Both were 
Conservatives. 

At the general election ot 1844 Wm. 
Henry Boulton and Henry Sherwood 
were returned. In 1848 there was no 
change in the representation of the city, 
the old members securing re-election. 

In 1852, though, there was a change, 
George Percival Ridout succeeding Mr. 
Sherwood, and having as his colleague 
W. H. Boulton. The latter resigned in 
February, 1853, and a new election fol 
lowed, when Mr. Sherwood once more 
came in. 

In 1854 John George Bowes and John 
Hillyard Cameron were elected. 

At the election of 1857 the candi 
dates were for the Conservatives John 
B. Robinson and W, H. Boulton, the Re 
formers, George Brown. The poll re 
sulted thus: Brown, 2,365; Robinson, 
2,303; Boulton, 2,204. 

A bye-election took place in Septem 
ber, 1858, on Mr. George Brown accept 
ing office. Mr. John H. Cameron was 
the opposing candidate. The result was: 
Brown, 2,665; Cameron, 2,510; majority 
for Brown 155. 
At the general election of 1861 Tor 



onto was divided into east and west, 
j the members being John Crawford and 
John Beverley Robinson respectively. 

The last Parliament of Upper and 
! Lower Canada was elected July 3rd, 
I 1863, when Mr. A. M. Smith and Mr. 
John Macdonald were elected respect 
ively for East and West Toronto. 

The Confederation Act of 1867 came 
| into force on July 1st, in that year, 
Toronto being divided into East and 
! West. In 1872 a Redistribution Act was 
| passed and under its provisions the con- 
j stituency of Centre Toronto was created 
thereby giving the capital of Ontario 
three members. In the last Parlia 
ment this act was still further amendh 
ed by giving West Toronto two repre 
sentatives instead of one. 

The following is a complete list of 
those members who have represented 
York and Toronto since 1820: 
1820 John Beverley Robinson, C. 
1825 John Beverley Robinson, C. 
1829 John Beverley Robinson, C. 
1829 William Lyon Mackenzie R 

1830 Robert Baldwin, R 

1831 William B. Jarvis, C 

1831 William Lyon Mackenzie, R. 
1835 William Lyon Mackenzie, R. 
1836 William Henry Draper, C.... 

1841 Isaac Buchanan, R 466 

John Henry Dunn, R 495 

Unsuccessful candidates : 

Henry Sherwood 44 j 

George Monro 435 

1843 Bye election, March 6th, 1843. 

*Henry Sherwood, C 513 

Capt. Maeaulay, C 320 

1844 *Henry Sherwood, C . . . 642 

*W. H. Boulton, C 622 

John H. Dunn, R 341 

1848 "W. H. Boulton, C . ] . 818 

*Henry Sherwood, C 722 

Beatty, R 556 

Bethune, C 325 

1852 G. P. Ridout, C 713 

W. H. Boulton, C 692 

Henry Sherwood, C 662 

A. O Neill, R gig 

F. C. Capreol, Ind 359 

1853 Henry Sherwood returned "at bye- 
election on the resignation of W. H. 
Boulton. 

1854 *John G. Bowes, C 1209 

*John H. Cameron, C , . 1159 

Henry Sherwood, C 1010 

Geo. P. Ridout, C 393 

W. H. Boulton, C 31 

1857 *George Brown, R 2365 

Mohn B. Robinson, 2303 

W. H. Boulton, C 2204 

1858f*George Brown, R 2665 

John H. Cameron, C 2570 



LANDMARKS OF TORONTO. 



Ill 



1801 E. Toronto *Crawford, J. C.. 1135 

G. Brown, R. ... 944 

W.Toronto *J. B. Robinson, G 1140 

A. Wilson, R 886 

1863 E. Toronto *A. M. Smith, R. 1214 

J. Crawford, C.. 725 

W. Toronto *J. Macdonald, R. 1275 

J. B. Robinson, C 813 

Confederation Act passed July 1st, 1867- 

1867 W.Toronto *R. A. Harrison, C 1477 

J. Macdonald,!. R 1048 

E. Toronto *Jas. Beatty, C. . . 1113 

J. C. Aikens, R . 980 

R. M. Allen, Ind 1 

1872 W.Toronto *J. Crawford, C.. 1043 

A. McLellan, R.. 574 

F.C. Capreol.Ind 

C. Toronto *R. Wilkes, R... 1216 

Stanley, C 1188 

E. Toronto * Jas. Beaty, C 872 

J. Donoghue,R 775 

1874 W. Toronto *T. C. Moss, R. . . 1661 

J.B.Robinson, C. 1440 

C. Toronto *R. Wilkes, R. ... 1216 

Shanley.C 1188 

E. Toronto *J. O Donohue, R 1289 

E. Coats worth, C 1152 

On petition Mr. O Donohue was unseated 

and a new election ordered. The result 

was : 

S. Platt, C 1396 

J. O Donohue, R 982 

Mr. Wilkes was also unseated and J. 
Macdonald (Ind. ) elected by acclamation. 

BYE ELECTIONS. 

West Toronto, on the elevation of Mr. 
Moss to the office of Chief Justice 

t*John B. Robinson, C 1935 

John Turner, R 1584 

1878 *W. Toronto J.B.Robinson, C. 2165 

T. Hodgins, R. . 1528 

C. Toronto *R. Hay, C 1631 

J. Macdonald, R. 1141 

E. Toronto *J. Platt, C 1743 

E. Galley, R 1052 

Mr. John B. Robinson was created Lieut. - 
Governor of Ontario in 1880, and a bye- 
election was the result in West Toronto, 
with this result : 

t* James Beaty, jr., C 2097 

Peter Ryan, R 1836 

A. W. Wright, Ind 49 

F. C. Capreol, Ind 29 

1882 *W. Toronto-Jas. Beaty, jr. , C. 2714 
W.B.McMurrich, 

R 2283 

C. Toronto *R. Hay, C 1620 

J. D. Edgar, R.. 1422 

E. Toronto M. Small, C 1792 

T.Thompson, R. 1496 

1887 W. Toronto *F. C. Denison, C . 3932 

Sheppard, L.. .. 3442 



1887 C. Toronto *G. R. R. Cock- 
burn, C 2278 

Harvie, R 1821 

E. Toronto *J. Small, C 2859 

Jury, Ind 1597 

E. A. Macdonald, 

R 164 

1891 W. Toronto *F. C. Denison, C 5048 
A. Mowat, R. .. 3291 
C. Toronto *G. R. R. Cock- 
burn, C 2414 

J. K. Kerr, R. . . 1912 

E. Toronto *E. Coatsworth, C 3520 

A. Wheeler, R.. 2056 

1896 W. Toronto *E. B. Osier, C. . . 5370 

E. F. Clarke, C. 5147 

W. T. R. Preston, 

L 4734 

A. T. Hunter, L. 4225 
C. Toronto *W. Lount, Q.C., 

L 2418 

G. R. R. Cock- 

burn, C 2130 

E. Toronto *J. Ross Robert 
son, I. C 4615 

E. Coatsworth, 

jr.,C 3046 

Those marked thus * were the successful 
candidates. t Signifies bye elections. 

The Provincial Parliaments from 1792 
until the Act of Union were as follows : 

Sept. 17, 1792, to June 1, 1797. 
June 1,1797, to May 28, 1801. 
May 28, 1801, to February 1, 1805. 
February 1, 1805, to February 2, 1809. 
February 2, 1809, to July 27, 1812. 
July 27, 1812, to February 4, 1817. 
February 4, 1817, to January 31, 1821. 
January 31, 1821, to January 13, 1825. 
January 13, 1825, to January 8, 1829. 
January 8, 1829, to January"?, 1831. 
January 7, 1831, to January 15, 1835. 
January 15, 1835, to November 8, 1836. 
November 8, 1836, to Act of Union, 1841. 

The first Parliament met in Niagara in 
1792, all the rest from 1797 until the Union 
in 1841 met in York and Toronto. 

Since the union of the provinces in 1841 
the Parliaments of Canada have been as fol 
lows : 

PROVINCIAL PARLIAMENTS FROM UNION. 

1st April 8, 1841 December 9, 1843. 
2nd November 12, 1844 July 28, 1847. 
3rd January 24, 1848 August 30, 1851. 
4th December 24, 1851 June 22, 1854. 
5th -August 10, 1854 June 10, 1857. 
6th January 13, 1858 May 18, 1861, 
7th July 15, 1861 May 12, 1863. 
8th July 3, 1863 July 1, 1867- 
Confederation Act passed July 1st, 1867. 



112 



LANDMARKS OF TORONTO. 



DOMINION PAKLIAMKNTS. 

Nov. 1, 1867 to July 8, 1872. 

March 5, 1873, to Jan. 2, 1874. 

March 26, 1874, to Aug. 17, 1878. 

Feb. 13, 1879, to May 18, 1882. 

Feb. 8, 1883, to Jan. 15, 1887 

April 13, 1887, to Feb. 3, 1891. 

April 29, 1891, to April 4, 1896. 

The Parliament of 1841 to 1843 met in 
Kingston, then it was removed to Montreal, 1 
and in 1848 to Toronto, in 1852 it again 
removed to Quebec, and back to Toronto in 
the autumn of 1855. In 1859 it returned 
to Quebec and remained there until it went 
to Ottawa in 1864, where it has remained 



CHAPTER XL. 
THE OLD ARMOURY, 

The History of Ihe SSuiltllng-Tue Troops 
wlio Have Occupied It Some hotauae 
Reminiscences. 

On April 4th, 1895, the Royal Grena 
diers vacated their quarters in the old 
armoury in Jarvis street, and the build 
ing from that date ceased to be used for | 
military purposes. The history of the 
building is as follows: 

Owing to the fact that the roof of the 




COMPANY ARMOURY. 

old drill shed on Wellington street had 
fallen in, about 1875, it was deemed ad 
visable by the authorities to provide bet 
ter accommodation for our citizen sol 
diers. Indeed, at that particular date 
so bad was the accommodation that it 
is great wonder the various corps were 
kept together. Their commanding offi 
cers, though, held on. Of course, they 
expressed a*t mess and in their orderly 
rooms their very decided opinion " that 
the service was going to the devil," but 
still they stuck to their commands, and 



worried the City Council, the Provincial 
and Dominion Legislatures, and everyone 
else concerned until better quarters were 
given them. 

Early in 1876 the movement to erect 
the armoury took definite shape. The 
City Council had before them a petition 
for pecuniary aid, which was a.nswered 
as is set forth in the following para 
graph : 

Extract from Report No. 3 of the Stand 
ing Committee on Finance and Assess 
ment of the Council of the Corporation 
of the City of Toronto, February llth, 

1876: 

" Since the last meeting of the com 
mittee they have had referred to them 
by the Council the petition signed by 
numerous and influential ratepayers, ask 
ing that a grant be made towards erect 
ing a drill shed for the volunteers. The 
committee would suggest to the Council 
that the site for the proposed new dr 
shed should be left in abeyance for the 
present, so as to afford the committee 
an opportunity for further conference with 
the Government and officers of the volun 
teer force. In the meantime, however, 
they would recommend that a grant, 
not exceeding the sum of $7,500, be made 
bv the Council for the purpose indicated. 

"The agitation for better quarters was 
by no means a new one, but the site 
was a vexed question. Some two years 
previously to the date referred to in the 
resolution just quoted, the City Council 
had decided to give a site, where the 
armoury was subsequently erected, and. 
this decision was adhered to. The City 
Council dealt with the matter as is here 
related : 

Extract from Report No. 7 of the Stand 
ing Committee on Finance and Assess 
ment of the Council of the Corporation 
of the City of Toronto, March 13, 1876 : 
" The committee, having had under con 
sideration the question of a site for the 
new drill shed, are of opinion that the 
interest of the city and the convenience 
of the volunteer force will be best served 
by adhering to the decision arrived at 
by the Council of 1874, viz., the appro 
priation therefor of the property in rear 
of the City Hall, formerly occupied as a 
cattle market." 

There was some little difficulty at 
first, when the site was finally decided 
upon, as additional space was required 
for the armoury. This slight obstacle was 
soon overcome by the action of the ( 
Comioil. They proceeded as is told m the 

Extract from Report No. 13 of the Stand 
ing Committee on Finance and AsseR- 
ment of the Council of the Corporatioc 
of the City of Toronto, April 29, J 
" The committee have had under cou- 



LANDMARKS OF TORONTO. 



113 



H 

3 

a 

o 
t- 1 
o 



g 
c 



< 

T jj 

EB 




114 



LANDMARKS OF TORONTO. 



sideration a communication from Lieut.- 
Col. Otter, stating that it is very desir 
able that additional laud, to the north 
of that already set apart for a Drill Shed 
lite, may be appropriated for an Arm 
oury, and beg to recommend that, as 
there is no legal difficulty in the way, 
an additional ten feet be granted for the 
purpose indicated." 

The building was at once proceeded 
with, the coat being borne by the Gov 
ernment. It was provided that, when 
ever it should cease to be used for mili 
tary purposes, it should revert to the 
city of Toronto. 

In March, 1877, the Queen s Own, then 
under command of Lieut.-Col. Otter, and 
the 10th Royals, under Lieut.-Col Boxall, 
took up their quarters in the Armoury, 
and remained there uninterruptedly un 
til April 4th, 1895. Of course, in 1880, 
when the 10th were reconstructed on 
the resignation of Lieut.-Col. George 
Alexander Shaw, and a practically new 
regiment organized under Lieut.-Col. 
Graeett and Major Dawson, there was 
a nominal change, but, in so far 
as the quarters were concerned, 
the changes in the officering and 
nomenclature of the corps did 
not affect anyone. They were the 
headquarters of Toronto s scarlet-coated 
regiment, when it was the 10th Royals, 
and the public took no interest iu the i 
fact that the corps had changed its name 
to that of the Royal Grenadiers. 

The commanding officers of the Queen s 
Own during their occupancy of the Ar 
moury were lieut.-Cols. W. D. Otter, 
A. A. Miller, D. H. Allan and R. B. 
Hamilton. Those of the 10th and the 
Grenadiers have been Lieut.-Cols. Box- 
all,W. Stollery, G. A. Shaw,/HL J. Grasett, 
G. D. Dawson and James Mason. Of the 
officers belonging to the Queen s Own, 
who were in the regiment when it was 
first quartered there were the command 
ing officer, Major Delamere, and Quar 
ter-Master and Honorary Capt. Heakes. 
Of course there were no officers in the 
Grenadiers who were there in 1877, the 
whole of the old officers of the 10th be 
ing retired in 1880. 

On March 30, 85, marched out from the 
drill hall for service in the North-west 
250 men each from the Queen s Own and 
the Grenadiers. They departed amid 
Buch a scene of excitement as has only 
been equalled once or twice in the his 
tory of the city, and has never been sur- 
passed, excepting when th^y returned 
rather less than four months later. 

The officers belonging to the Queen s 
O\m who went to the North-west were: 

Lleut.-Colonel A. A. Miller. 
, Major- D. H. Allen. 



Adjutant Capt. J. M. Delamere. 
Surgeons Drs. Leslie and Wm. Nat- 
tress. 

Paymaster and Quartermaster. R. 
Heakes. 

Captains Thomas Brown, P. D. Hughes, 
I. C. McGee, W. C. McDonald, H. E. 
Kersteman. 

Lieutenants A. T. Scott, R. J. Cas- 
sels, H. Beck and C. F. Gunther. 

Second Lieutenants H. W. Mickle, A. 
B. Lee, I. George and G. H. Baird. 

Of those officers Major Delamere, Drs. 
Leslie and Nattress, Major McGee and 
Capts. Gunther and A. B. Lee were 
still in the corps on March 31st, 1895. 

The Grenadiers were officered as fol 
lows : 

Lieut. -Col onelH. J. Grasett. 

Major George D. Dawson. 

Adjutant Capt. F. F. Manley. 

Surgeon Dr. Ryerson. 

Quartermaster Lieut. Lowe. 

Captains F. A. Caston, James Mason, 
0. L. Spencer, C. G. Haraton. 

Lieutenants D. M. Howard. A. M. Irv 
ing, W. O. Fitch, G. P. Eliot. 

Second Lieutenants A. ~C7 Gibson, Jno. 
D. Hay, F. M. Michie, John Morrow. 

When they quitted the old Armoury, 
remaining in the Grenadiers ot the 
above were Lieut.-Col. Mason, Major 
Hay, Capts. Caston, A. M. Irving, Ad 
jutant Gibson, Surgeon G. S. Ryersou 
and Capt. Eliot, the quartermaster. 

The old, and" in many respects most in 
convenient, drill shed was the scene 
of many a pleasant gathering and many 
notable excursions were made; by 
both regiments to various cities and 
towns. From that place as their starting 
point the "boys in green" and "the lads 
in scarlet " many times sallied forth 

"With their guns upon their shoulders 
And their bayonets by their sides," 

not to "capture some fair ladies, and 
make of them their brides," but to have 
"two hours drill and ten hours divil- 
ment" in Montreal, Kingston, Ottawa, 
London and other places, and if reports 
are true they "on those days did their 
duty." 

The Queen s Own farewell parade was 
the strongest on record, more than 650 
bayonets, and the Grenadiers likewise 
made a record attendance. 



LANDMARKS OF TORONTO, 



115 



CHAPTER XLI. 
SCARBORO S CENTENNIAL 

Those Who Settled the Township Their 
Straggles nnd Difficulties Keiitlii licences 
of the Century, 

Wednesday and Thursday, June 17th 
a-nd 18th, 1896, were red letter days in 
the history of Scarboro township, for 
they were the two days which the in 
habitants of that thriving municipality 
set apart whereon to celebrate the hun 
dredth year of the settlement of that 
part of this fair Province of Ontario. 

Just a century since one David Thom 
son, who was the youngest of three 
brothers named respectively Archibald, 
Andrew and David, who were sons of 
Archibald Thomson, a small landed pro 
prietor and also a tenant farmer in the 
County of Dumfries, Scotland, took up 
his abode on what was then forest land 
near where now stands St, Andrew s 
Presbyterian church, and fixed upon it 
as the future home of himself and his 
wife. No house stood there, no place 
other than the open air, was there 
where he could lay his head, so he and 
two or three others at once set to work 

.to fell the trees with which to con 
struct a dwelling house. This was ac 
complished within a few days, not, 
though, without increasing labour and 
peril from the wolves which then in 
fested that part of the country. As soon 
as ever the house was built David Thom 
son was joined by his wife, Mary, like 
himself a native of the " land of brown 
heath and shaggy wood," and there for 
years they dwelt until a more suitable 

.dwelling could be erected. 

For seven months Mrs. Thomson never 
saw the face of another female, and 
when she did see one of her own sex 
that woman was not of her " ain coun- 
tree," but an Indian. The sight though 
was a gladsome one, and though Mrs. 
Thomson s visitor was unable to speak 
a word of English, and Mrs. Thomson 
was equally ignorant of the Indian 
tongue, they were able by the subtle 
instinct inherent in woman s nature to 
understand that the visit was pleasure- 
able to both. Years afterwards Mrs. 
Thomson used to relate what pleasure 
this chance visit of the Indian squaw 
gave her. 

Very shortly after David Thomson 
settled in> Scarboro came not only his 
brother Archibald, but members of the 
Johnston, Elliot and Walton families, 
all of whom have now many descendants 
in the township, in Toronto and in 
many different places. 

Archibald Thomson was a U. E. Loyal 



ist, and first settled in Kingston about 
1786, after the revolutionary war, he 
having emigrated from Scotland to the 
American colonies about the yeaf 1770. 
He was a builder, and built in Kingston 
the first Episcopal church erected in 
that city. 

When he settled in Scarboro , at the 
close of the century, he took to farming. 

The Johnstons, Elliots, Waltons, 
Littles, and other of the pioneer set 
tlers all were farmers, and in iflany 
cases their descendants still hold til# 
land which their great grandfathers 
cleared nearly a hundred years ago. 

David Thomson died aged 71, on June 
22nd, 1834, and his widow on November 
8th, 1847, aged 80. On her tombstone 
in St. Andrew s churchyard she is 
spoken of as the " Mother of Scar 
boro ." 

The graveyard adjoining St. Andrew s 
church, where David Thomson and his 
wife lie buried, and where other " fore 
fathers of the hamlet sleep " well re 
pays an hour s stroll among its tomb 
stones and grassy knolls. It contains at 
least one hundred stones to the 
memory of different members of the 
Thomson family. Besides these just 
mentioned, though, there are great 
numbers of others. In the eastern por 
tion of the ground lies James Richard 
son, who died August 27th, 1825. Many 
of this worthy s descendants were at 
the celebration. 

Close to James Richardson lies John 
Skelton, another pioneer, who was born 
in 1772, and died in 1856. Near John 
Skelton reposes John Thomson, a cousin 
of David s. He was born in Scotland in 
1782, came to Canada in 1796, and set 
tled over the Don the same year on the 
river s eastern bank. He was noted as 
the man who carried the declaration 
of war in 1812 for General Brock from 
York to Penetanguishene. The whole 
journey was on foot, and Thomson was 
accompanied only by an Indian guide. 
John Thomson died in 1873, aged 91 
years. 

Besides these, there are the graves of 
Robert Johnston, who died in 1833, aged 
75. He was all but contemporary with 
David Thomson in Scarboro . William 
Devenish, born in 1772, died in 1856; 
Alexander Neilson, died aged 91, in 
1850. He came from Lanarkshire, in 
Scotland, and left children, grand 
children and great grandchildren. Then 
there is Thomas Walton s tomb. He was 
born in 1779, settled in Scarboro in 
1818, died in 1852, "leaving over 100 
descendants." Of other old pioneers 
may be noted John Thorn, born in 1791, 
died 1877, and Andrew Paterson, who 



116 



LANDMARKS OF TORONTO. 



died on March 15th, 1884, in his 87th 
year. 

The day was everything that could 
be desired for an outdoor celebration, 
such as was that of Scarboro s centen 
nial. Though it was very hot, there 
was just enough breeze to temper the 
sun s rays, and there was nothing to 
interfere with the enjoyment of those 
who came from every part of the town 
ship, from Toronto and from distant 
parts of the country. Men and women 
were there who had never seen the 
place before, but were drawn to the 
spot, being as they were the grandchil 
dren, great grandchildren, or even a 
generation later than that, of those who 
lived, worked and died in the township 
a century previously. 

The day s proceedings began with a 
service in St. Andrew s church at 10.30, 
when addresses were delivered by Revs. 
D. B. Macdonald, Drs Fletcher and 
Ball. These addresses were devoted 
principally to a comparison of the past 
with the present and to reminiscences 
of religious efforts made in the town 
ship in its earlier days. Dr. Fletcher 
for eleven years was the Presbyterian 
minister at St. Andrew s. 

Following the service came dinner, 
and then a public meeting was held, 
commencing about two o clock, in a 
large marquee, capable of seating about 
COO people, erected in the field to the 
west of the churchyard, opposite the 
site of David Thomson s house. On that 
particular spot stood a tall flagstaff, 
from which the British flag floated. 

A choir no less than 250 strong, un 
der the leadership of Mr. Stouffer, ren 
dered the hymn " Before Jehovah s 
Awful Throne," and then prayer was 
offered by the Rev. G. W. Stephenson, 
followed by another hymn from the 
choir. 

Rev. D. B. Macdonald presided, and 
on the platform were: Messrs. John 
Richardson, M.P.P., Simpson, Rennie, 
Rev. Father Gallagher, J. Chisholm, 
Dr. McDiarmid, Leyi Anniss, J. A. 
Scarlett, James Ley, William Helliwell, 
J. McLeod, G. Secor, F. Armstrong, 
W. Oliver, J. Gibson, J. Buchanan, 
James Weir, James Stirling, A. W. Mal 
colm, J. Thomson, D. Thomson, T. 
Thomson, J. Chester, Fred Reesor, P. 
Reesor, W. Mason, R. Armstrong, T. 
Armstrong, C. J. Clark, George Elliott, 
Rev. J. A. Brown, and scores of others. 

Rev. D. B. Macdonald first said a 
few words and then called on Mr. John 
Richardson, M.P.P., who spoke of Scar- 
boro past and present, and of what 
great cause they ail had for th ank- 
fulnesa at the great progress the town 



ship had made, not only from what it 
was one hundred years ago, but in 
their own time. In concluding he hoped 
" that all Scarboro men would live so 
that the world would be better for 
having known them." 

He was followed by Mr. Rennie, whose 
address was principally taken up by 
contrasting the state of agricultu; il 
labour with what it was when he beg tn 
farming 50 years ago. 

Then followed . other addressea by 
Messrs. James Ley, Rev. J. A. Brown, 
Dr. McDiarmid and Levi Anniss. 

" Rule Britannia " by the choir, lustily 
joined in by the audience followed the 
speeches, then came the National An 
them and the meeting concluded with 
prayer by the Rev. Father Gallagher. 
The second and last day of the Scar 
boro centennial celebration was an un 
qualified success, and was, if possible, 
an improvement on the first day. Thfi 
weather was absolutely perfect, a trifle 
too warm, possibly, yet glorious sun 
shine, which caused the hundreds of 
visitors to appreciate all the more 
highly the leafy glades and cool spots 
to be found on the banks of the stream 
beside which David Thomson pitched 
his tent one hundred years ago. 

It would be impossible to form even 
an estimate of the numbers present. 
There were certainly three, perhaps 
even four, thousand. The vast driving 
sheds near St. Andrew s church were 
crammed with vehicles, certainly two 
hundred of them. Amos Thomson s barn 
and yard presented the appearance not 
so much of a quiet farm yard as of a 
country hotel on market day, which 
was doing a thriving business. Down 
the lanes, up the lanes, in every fence 
corner, nay, even in the churchyard it 
self, were rigs stationed or horses 
tethered. 

As on Wednesday, the day s proceed 
ings commenced with divine service in 
St. Andrew s church, when speeches ex 
pressing thankfulness for the past and 
hope for the future were delivered by 
Rev. Dr. McGillivray, of Kingston, 
sometime of Scarboro , and Mr. E. S. 
Caswell, of Toronto. The choir sang 
delightfully, and the congregation was 
simply enormous. 

About 2.30 arrived the Lieutenant- 
Governor, accompanied by Commander 
Law and Mr. T. C. Patteson. He was 
cheered a,gain and again on his arrival, 
and took his seat on the platform close 
by the chairman, the Rev. D. B. Mac 
donald. Others on the platform were: 
Mrs. Curzon, S.A.C., always a welcome 
guest ; Mr. O. A. Howland, M.P.P., 
Mc.ssrs. W. F. Maclean, H. R. Frank- 



LANDMARKS OF TORONTO. 



117 



land, E. M. Morphy, John Richardson, 
M.P.P., Rev. C. E. Thomson, C. J. 
Clarke, Levi Anniss, David Boyle, Elias 
Wood, D. B. Read, Q. C., and many 
more. Rev. D. B. Macdonald welcomed 
the guests, and then Mr. Stouffer s 
choir sang " Raise the Flag," and all 
the flags on the masts surrounding 
the central tent were run up to the 
summit and gaily floated in the breeze. 
There followed " Three Cheers for the 
Red, White and Blue " by the band, 
and cheer after cheer was given by the 
crowds present. 



made them all justices of the peace." 

Following the Lieutenant-Governor 
came Mr. W. F. Maclean, H. R. Frank- 
land, Mr. Elias Wood and Mr. D. B. 
Read, Q.C. Mr O. A. Howland also 
spoke, dwelling on the way in which 
history was made. Then came more 
speeches, and at 5.15 " Auld Lang 
Syne " was sung, and the most enthusi 
astic meeting ever held in Scarboro 
came to an end. Sports followed, and 
the celebration concluded with cordial 
handshakings, embraces and mutual 
congratulations. 




SCHOONKR ANN BROWN. 



The chairman then called on his 
Honour the Lieutenant-Governor to 
address the meeting, who in a brief 
but happy speech spoke of the progress 
Scarboro had made in the last century. 
His Honour in his reminiscences told, 
one very amusing story of a former 
resident of the township, Rev. Mr. Mc 
Dowell. The clergyman was a bit of a 
"sport," and liked a good horse and 
always rode one. Well, one day he was 
riding along and he met a certain Mr. 
Frazer, who had just been made a ius- 
"ice of the peace. The newly-made J.P. 
:ook upon himself to rebuke the parson 
or riding a horse, saying " His Master 
,vas meek and lowly, and rode upon an 
u." " Ah, weel," replied McDowell, 
I couldna get a jackass, for they ve 



CHAPTER XLIi. 
THE SCHOONER "ANN BROWN." 



An Old Tlinc Stoue Hooker that baa had a 
Checkered Career. 

There are few vessels in the stone 
j trade but what have centre-boards. But 
the Ann Brown, although shei ihas been 
a stone hooker for forty years, is an 
exception to this rule, having a stand- 
i ing keel, and when loaded drawing; 
1 about six feet of water. This at once 
: shows those acquainted wiith stone-hook 
ers and their ways of working that 
she was not built for: the trade she is 
now engaged in. And in truth, she was 
not. The Ann Brown was built and 
intended for trading on thd upper lakes 



118 



LANDMARKS OF TORONTO. 



with the Indians, and is one of the 
pioneer traders m those regions ; her 
history has been a chequered one, and 
not without interest in its, way. 

The Ann Brown was built about sixty 
years ago at the corner ot Front and 
Bay streets, by a day labourer, who 
worked at her in his spare time and in 
the evenings after his day s work was 
done. His wife lent him all the assist 
ance she possibly could, and received the 
reward of having the vessel named 
after her. The vessel was launched from 
where she was built, for at that time 
the Esplanade was simply the bottom 
of the bay, and the water came right 
up to Front street. She was only about 
thirty tons burden, yet small as thus 
appears now, ehe was considered a good- 
sized vessel then. She was rigged as a 
schooner, and, like all the Kchoonera 
of those days, carried a square fore* 
topsail and top-gallantsail. 

For three years she traded success 
fully on Lake Huron and Georgian Bay 
with the Indians, but one night, when 
she was in the neighbourhood of Mani- 
toulin Island, a squall struck the vessel. 
fThe captain was in the cabin at the 
time, but he abandoned the vessel Ln 
such haste that he left $500 behind 
him in the cabin locker. Together with 
his crew of two men he reached Mani- 
toulin Island in the yawl boat. Next 
morning to their surprise they saw the 
schooner riding at anchor, bottom up, 
not far from shore. When she cap 
sized the anchor had got clear of the 
cat-head, and the chain running out 
through the hawse-pipe, had taken 
firm hold of a boulder on the bottom, 
and so prevented the vessel from 
pounding herself to pieces on the shore. 
The vessel was righted without very 
much trouble and continued to trade 
with the Indians for softne time. The 
captain found his $500 quite safe, and 
on the whole may be considered to have 
cofcae off from the adventure very for 
tunately. 

In 1850 Willia&n Pollock, a veteran 
stone-hooker captain, bought the Ann 
Brown, but he sold her next year to 
Samuel Goldering, one of Toronto s vesr- 
sel men. He sailed her for three years 
and in 1854 sold her to Abraham Block, 
who came out to Canada in 1834 and set 
tled down at Port Credit. When he 
bought the Ann Brown she was con 
sidered an old boat, so she must have 
been built before 1840. She has remained 
in the Block family ever since her pur 
chase from Mr. Goldering, and Thomas 
Block now sails her. She was rebuilt 
in 1876, but is of practically her original 
shape. In 1876 her old transoms, which 
were rather square, were removed, and 
rounder ones substituted giving the 



stern a prettier appearance, and ma 
terially improving the vessel s sailing 
qualities. When she was built she was 
painted black, but she has been paint 
ed white with a lead colour bottom 
for many years now. Her dimensions 
are: Length over all, 36 feet; beam, li 
feet; draught when loaded, 6 feet It 
is a question whether the Ann Brown 
or the Barque Swallow is the older 
3ut the former, if not the older, is, 
perhaps, the more interesting, both- 
Irom her history and from the fact that 
her hull is built on the model of a regu 
lar sailing vessel, not on that of a scow, 
as the Barque Swallow s hull is. 

CHAPTER XLIII. 
A TERAULAY STREET COTTAGE. 



A Reildence Unlit by Robert Milieu orcr 
StTentr-flYe years ABO. 

About eighty years ago, when our 
nineteenth century was in its teens, 
Robert Millen emigrated from Belfast 
to Canada, and settled in Toronto, or 
rather York, for such it was at that 
time. He was a carpenter and cabinet 
maker, and must have known his trade 
thoroughly, for before very long he 
was able to send back for his mother 
and sisters, and had a comfortable 
home ready for them when they ar 
rived. 

He bought a lot from Dr. Macaulay. 
and on this he erected a neat little 
cottage, which is now 26 Teraulay 
street. Though rather small, this cot 
tage was a very pretty one. It was 
nicely painted, kept very trim, and the 
lintel and door posts were very highly 
ornamented by Mr. Millen himself, for 
he was a very skillful carver in wood, 
and in this connection he is said to 
have told his children to igo to St. 
Michael s Cathedral, if they wanted to 
see a proof of his skill, for he carved 
the ornaments of the altar there. The 
fanlight above the cottage door waa 
composed of many small panes of glass, 
set in lead so as to form fancy patterns, 
and fastened with brass. Even to-day, 
although the old fanlight has been re 
placed by another one, by no means so 
ornamental, the elaborate carving 
above the door and on either side of 
it, shows that the little cottage must 
have been really beautiful at one time. 
The chimney was of such a size as to 
easily accommodate the most rotund 
Santa Claus without any trouble! and 
there used to be two white seats, ona 
on either side of the door, but as the 
neighbourhood became more thickly 
populated, and, we regret to add, it 
moral tone became deteriorated, the 



LANDMARKS OF TORONTO. 



119 



seats had to be removed, for they were 
too convenient resting places for loafers 
and other obnoxious individuals. 

This cottage must have been built 
seventy-five years ago, at least, if not 
earlier, for Mr. Millen s daughters, 
Mrs. Wright and Mrs. Manning, to 
whom we are indebted for a great 
deal of this information, say that their 
father lived in the cottage with his 
mother and sisters for some time be 
fore his marriage, and that they were 
both born in the bouse, and one of 
them is seventy years old. 

As Mr. Millen s family increased, ad 
dition after addition was made to the 
rear of the cottage, so that it runs 
quite a distance back, as may be seen 
in the accompanying- drawing. In the 
yard at the back of the house Mr. 
Millen built quite a large workshop, 
which is still standing, and in which 



CHAPTER XLIV. 
TORONTO DIRECTORY 1837- 

The City as It was at the Rebellion Names 
of Old Time Official* and Institutions 
Many Interesting; Details. 

The Toronto Directory for the year 

1837 was published by George Walton, 

; and printed for him in Toronto by T. 

Dalton and W- J. Coates. It was a 

small octavo volume of some 290 closely 

j printed pages. It commenced, after the 

I title page and several indices, with an 

advertisement of the Preparatory 

| School for Young Ladies, kept at Car- 

i frae Place, Bay street, by Miss Mary 

I Ann Steward, which was followed by 

I another advertisement, that of " The 

Royal Floating Baths," of whom the 

proprietor was Mr. Cull. Strangely 

enough the advertisement does not 




MILLEN S COTTAGE, TEBAULAY STREET. 



he used to pass many a busy day, 
working at his trade. He died nearly 
a. quarter of a century ago, at the ripe 
age of seventy-seven. 

After his death Mr. Wright occu 
pied the cottage for some time, and it 
is now a tenement house. Small as it 
is, it is so laid out that two families 
can occupy it. Although it is rather 
faded in appearance and somewhat the 
worse for wear in reality, to the mind 
of the old residents it calls up the 
time wten all the land in the neigh 
bourhood was a field, dotted here and 
there wfth trees, when Teraulay street 
was only the road leading up to Ter 
aulay Cottage, Avhere Dr. Macaulay 
lived, and when Millen s cottage, with 
its huge, old-fashioned chimney, and 
wide door, was the only house on the 
west side of this road. 



mention the locality of these baths, 
though they were on Front street. Then 
come the following notices: 

PRINCIPAL HOTELS OF THE CITY. 

John Cotter s New British Coffee 
House, earner of King and York street, 
at the west end of the city. 

James Hutcheson s City Hotel, Front 
street. 

David Boteford s Ontario House, Front 
street. 

William Campbell s North American 
Hotel, Front street. 

John Grantham s Old British Coffee 
House, Front street. 

NEWSPAPERS PUBLISHED IN CITY. 

Upper Canada Official Gazette Rob- 
I ert Stanton ; published on Thursday. 
Courier of Upper Canada George 



120 



LANDMARKS OF TORONTO. 



Gurnett, editor ; published Wednesdays 
and Saturdays. 

The Patriot Thomas Dalton, editor; 
published Tuesdays and Fridays. 

The Christian Guardian Ephraim 
Evans, editor ; published on Wednes 
days. 

Correspondent and Advocate W, J. 
O Grady, editor ; published on Wednes 
days. 

The Albion of Upper Canada James 
Cull, editor ; published on Saturdays. 

The Constitution W. L. McKenzie, 
editor ; published on Wednesdays. 

POST-OFFICE, CITY OF TORONTO. 

Duke street, near the Upper Canada 
Bank. 

James S. Howard, Postmaster. 

List of Post-offices in Upper and 
Lower Canada, corrected to the first 
of September, 1836, with the Postage of 
a Single Letter to or from the City of 
Toronto, and the time of despatch to 
each, showing also the Seigniory or 
Township, and the District, in which 
each office is situated, and the distance 
by the Actual Route of the Mails. 

Here follows a list of Post-offices, 
which we do not consider it necessary 
to publish. 

The Mail for Chippewa, Drummond- 
ville and Fort Erie is despatched on 
Mondays, Wednesdays and Fridays, 
from the 5th of October to the 5th of 
April and for Drummondville daily 
from the 5th April to the 5th October. 

Mails for all Offices lying North, 
West and South of Toronto, including 
the United States, are closed at 11 
o clock a.m.; and for all East at 4 
o clock p.m., except those for the North, 
which are closed at 9 o clock a.m. 

Letters can be sent after the hours of 
closing, up to twenty minutes past 9 
a.m., ten minutes to 12 a.m., and to 
ten minutes to 4 p.m., on payment of 
Three Pence with each Letter, exclu 
sive of the Postage, whether that is 
paid or not. 

The Western and Southern Mails due 
daily (except Sundays) at 1 o clock p.m. 

The Northern Mails due on Tuesdays, 
Thursdays and Saturdays at 1 o clock 
p.m. 

The Eastern Mail due daily, except on 
Mondays, at 6 o clock a.m. 

Letters for the United States must be 
paid to Lewiston ; and such as are in 
tended to go that way to Europe, must 
be paid to New York. Letters for Eu 
rope can be sent by way of Quebec, be 
tween the 20th of May and 1st of No 
vember, in Merchant Vessels. They can 
be forwarded by Halifax (per Falmouth 
packet) and New York at any season. 



The Postage must be paid either way. 

A Letter with one inclosure is double* 
and with two or more inclosures, if it 
does not weigh an ounce, is treble. Let 
ters weighing an ounce are chargeable 
four single rates ; and for each quarter- 
ounce over that weight, a single rate is 
chargeable. 

Newspapers, Magazines, and other 
printed papers not subject to letter 
Postage, must be paid at the time of 
mailing, at the rate of One Penny per 
sheet, or per every 16 pages ; or they 
will be charged with full letter post 
age. 

Letters can be sent to most parts of 
the World by way of New York or 
Bosto*. 

Colonial Newspapers may be sent to 
Great Britain and Ireland, either by 
way of Halifax, or by way of New York. 
By Halifax they are free of Postage to 
both sender and receiver by New York 
the sender must pay Two Pence on 
each paper, and the receiver One Penny. 

Newspapers sent from Great Britain 
and Ireland to these Provinces, via 
Halifax, are free of Postage to both 
sender and receiver if sent within seven 
days from the date of publication. If 
mailed after that period, they are 
chargeable with full Postage, as Let 
ters. On receiving papers via New York, 
Two Pence is chargeable on each. 

It is to be particularly observed, that 
Newspapers intended to go free, via 
Halifax, must have no mark, initials 
or date on the directions, but the ad 
dress m*vily, or they will be chargeable 
with fulj Letter Postage, notwithstand 
ing that the above regulations are at 
tended to. 

This Office is open from eight o clock 
a.m. till seven o clock p.m., daily, Sun 
days excepted, on which days it is open 
from nine till ten a.m. 



THE ACT OF INCORPORATION OF 
THE CITY OF TORONTO. 
4th William IV., Cap. 23. 
An Act to extend the Limits of the 
Town of York ; to erect the said town 
into a City, and to incorporate it 
under the name of the City of To 
ronto. (Passed 6th March, 1834.) 

(Condensed.) 

The Preamble of the Bill recites the 
reasons for incorporating the late Town 
of York, and altering its name. 

1st. Enacting clause repeals all such 
Acts and portions of acts likely to in 
terfere with the operations of this Act, 
so far as they relate to the City of To 
ronto. 
2nd. Limits of the City and Liberties, 



LANDMARKS OF TORONTO. 



121 



commencing at the distance of one 
chain, on a course south 16 degrees 
east, from the south-westerly corner of 
Lot No. 2, in the first concession from 
t he Bay, in the Township of York ; 
thence southerly in the direction of the 
side line between lots 2 and 3 in that 
concession to the distance of 500 feet 
from the point at which the said 
line intersects the margin of the water 
on the shore of Lake Ontario ; thence 
westerly through the waters of Lake 
Ontario, following the curvatures of the 
shore and keeping always 500 feet from 
the margin of the water, till the point 
is attained, that is 500 feet from the 
north-westermost point of the penin 
sula, forming the harbour ; then across 
the water to a point where a line 
drawn southerly from the north-east 
erly corner of Park Lot No. 29, in the 
direction of the easterly boundary line 
of the said Park lot intersects the mar 
gin of the water on the shore of Lake 
Ontario; thence northerly along the 
said line so drawn to the north side of 
the allowance for road between the 
Park lots and the second concession 
from the Bay ; thence easterly along the 
eaid north side of the allowance for road 
to the easterly shore or water s edge 
of the river Don ; thence southerly 
along the easterly edge of the river 
Don to the point where the water s 
edge intersects the southerly side of the 
allowance for road ia front of the first 
concession ; thence easterly along the 
south side of the said allowance for 
road in front of the said first conces 
sion to the place of beginning, except 
the lands that have been conveyed to 
the University of King s College. / 
3rd. Limits of the City, commencing 
at the (distance of one chain on a course 
north, 74 degrees east from the south 
east angle of Park Lot No. 3, in the 
Township of York ; thence south 10 de 
grees east upon a continuation of the 
allowance for road between Park Lots 
numbers 2 and 3 to the water s edge 
of the Bay in front of the Town of 
York ; thence westerly along the 
water s edge of the said Bay to the 
point at which the westerly limit of the 
allowance for road between Park lots 
numbers 18 and 19 in the said Town 
ship of York being produced southerly 
intersects the said water s edge ; thence 
northerly in the direction of the said 
westerly limit of the said allowance for 
road to the distance of 400 yards north 
of the northerly boundary line of Lot 
street ; thence easterly parallel to Lot 
street, to the easterly boundary line of 
the allowance for road between Park 
lots numbers 2 and 3 ; thence south 1C 



degrees east along the easterly bound 
ary line of the said allowance for road 
400 yards more or less to the place of 
beginning, and that the said City be 
divided into five Wards, to be called 
respectively St. George s, St. Patrick s, 
St. Andrew s, St. David s, and St. Law 
rence s. 

4th. St. David s Ward, all that part 
of the City north of the north side of 
King street, and east of the west side 
of Yonge street. 

5th. St. Andrew s Ward, all that part 
of the City between the north side of 
Lot street, and the north side of King 
street, and west of the west side of 
Yonge street. 

6th. St. Patrick s Ward, all that part 
of the City north of the north side of 
Lot street and west of the west side 
of Yonge street. 

7th. St. Lawrence s Ward, all that 
part of the city south of the north side 
of King street, and east of the west 
side of Yonge street. 

8th. St. George s Ward, all that part 
of the City south of the north side of 
King street, and west of the west side 
of Yonge street. 

9th. Attaches the liberties immedi 
ately adjacent to each Ward, to such 
adjacent Ward. 

10th. City by Act of Common Coun 
cil may erect any part of the liberties- 
into outer wards, such outer wards not 
to exceed five in number. 

llth. The liberties of the ward, when 
it has as many inhabitants, and contains 
as much assessed property as the small 
est ward at the first assessment after 
the passing of this Act, must be erected 
into an outer ward, by proclamation of 
the Mayor. 

12th. From the date of the proclama 
tion such part of the liberties to be a 
separate ward, and have all the privi 
leges of a ward, but not to return 
members to the Common Council until 
the time of the next City Election. 

13th. All that portion of the Liber 
ties (commonly called the Bay) to con 
stitute the Port of Toronto. 

14th. The inhabitants of the said City 
to form a Body Corporate and Politic 
by the name of the City of Toronto, to 
have a Common Seal with power to 
change the same, to be capable of suing 
! and being sued, and of purchasing and 
holding estate, real and personal, and 
of giving and receiving Bonds, Judg 
ments, etc., etc. 

15th. Two Aldermen and two Common 
Councilmen to be chosen for each Ward, 
who shall choose the Mayor from amonr 
the Aldermen, in case of equality of 



LANDMARKS OF TORONTO. 



votes that Alderman who is highest 
assessed to give the casting vote. 

36th. Qualification for an Alderman, 
to have been resident householder for 
one year next before the election, to be 
so resident at the time of election, and 
to be possessed of real property within 
the City or Liberties, rated at two hun 
dred pounds. 

17th. Qualification for a Common 
Councilman the same as that for an 
Alderman, except the property, which 
is one hundred and fifty pounds, includ 
ing additional fire-places. 

18th. That the Aldermen and Com 
mon Councilmen of the said City shall 
be elected respectively by the majority 
of votes of such persons being male in 
habitant householders within the ward 
for which the election shall be holden, 
or the liberties attached thereto, as 
shall be possessed at the time of the 
election, either in freehold or as tenant 
for a term of years, or from year to 
year of a town lot or dwelling house, 
within the said Ward or Liberties, pro 
vided always, that a portion of a house 
in which any inhabitant shall reside as 
a householder, and not as a boarder 
or lodger, and having a distinct com 
munication with the street by an outer 
door, shall be considered a dwelling 
house within the meaning of this clause; 
and provided also, that no person shall 
vote at any such election who has not 
been a resident inhabitant within the 
said City or Liberties thereof for the 
period of twelve calendar months, and 
who has not resided within the Ward 
for which the election shall be holden, 
or the Liberties attached thereto, for 
the period of three calendar months 
next before the election. 

19th. The Mayor, Aldermen and Com 
mon Councilmen, and voters at any 
election for city affairs, to be natural 
born or naturalized subjects of his Ma 
jesty, of the full age of twenty-one. 

20th. The legislative power of the City 
is vested in the Mayor, Aldermen, and 
Common Councilmen in Council. 

21st. That all legislative Acts of the 
said City are to be expressed as enacted 
by the Mayor, Aldermen, and Common 
alty of the City of Toronto, in Com 
mon Council assembled. 

22nd. The City shall have power to 
make and alter any laws for regulating 
streets, roads, walks and highways, to 
prevent cattle, etc., running at large, 
1 o tax and regulate dogs, to prevent en 
cumbering and injuring the streets, 
>tc., to prevent selling by retail in the 
rublic highways, any meat, vegetables, 
fruits, etc., to prevent the sale of in 
toxicating drink to children, to prevent 



immoderate riding, driving, or riding 
or driving horses or cattle on sidewalks, 
to regulate wharves, and to prevent ob 
structions in the harbour, to regulate 
and prevent fishing, fishery lights, 
bathing, tippling houses, etc., to enforce 
observance of the Sabbath, to regulate 
or prevent public shows, to prevent 
cruelty to animals, billiard tables, the 
atres, to regulate auctioneers, butchers, 
cartmen, and cartage, hawkers and 
pedlars, puppet-shows, etc., firing guns, 
fire-works, slaughter-houses, tanneries, 
nuisances, taverns, places of public en 
tertainment, the sale of hay, fish, coun 
try produce, coal, cordwood, juts, lime, 
bread, vegetables, fruits, etc., to regu 
late markets, party walls, chimneys, fire 
companies, dangerous manufactures^ 
alms houses, jails, etc., to appoint and 
remove city officers, police watchmen, 
to inflict penalties for refusing to serve 
in municipal offices, to regulate voters, 
to tax The property in the city provided 
that such tax shall never exceed in one 
year four pence on the pound on the 
assessed value of property lying and 
being within the limits of the city, or 
two pence in the pound upon the pro 
perty lying or being within the liber 
ties, to make all laws for the city not 
repugnant with the Statutes of the 
Province, provided that the penalty for 
the breach of any city law shall not 
exceed ten pounds or thirty days im 
prisonment, and that the fine for re 
fusing to fill any municipal office shall 
not exceed ten pounds. 

23rd. The city shall have the power 
to protract or widen the streets. 

24th. The city shall have power to 
borrow money, not exceeding the rev 
enue to accrue within the next five 
years. 

25th. Two Aldermen and two Com 
mon Councilmen to be elected for each 
ward. 

26th. The Mayor is to hold his office 
from the first Monday in February to 
the same day in the following year. 

27th. Place of election for any ward 
to be in said ward ; return to be made 
to the Clerk of the City on the same 
day. 

28th. The Aldermen and Common 
Councilmen to be chosen annually, on 
the second Tuesday in January, five 
days notice to be given of any election,. 

29th. The Aldermen and Common 
Councilmen to hold office from the 
first Monday in February till the day 
before the first Monday in February 
following. 

30th. The Mayor to be chosen on the 
Thursday following the choosing of 
Aldermen and Councilmen to enter 



LANDMARKS OF TORONTO. 



123 



upon his office on the first Monday of 
February following. 

31st. Persons disqualified to be elect 
ed or to vote at elections, officer hold 
ing election, may give a casting vote. 

32nd. Persons not compelled to serve 
any Municipal office : Ministers of any 
Religious persuasion, the Judge of 
Court of King s Bench, his Majesty s 
Attorney and Solicitor-General, all prac 
tising Physicians and Surgeons. 

33rd. Until registry be made, voters 
may be required to take the oath of 
qualification. 

34th. After registry, voters to pro 
duce certificate of qualification, and if 
required, to take the oath. 

35th. Persons swearing falsely, guilty 
of perjury. 

36th. Ward elections. 

37th. Vacancies occurring in wards, 
by death, resignation, etc., persons to 
be elected for remainder of term. 

38th. The Mayor to swear in Alder 
men and Councilmen. 

39th. Majority of Aldermen and ma 
jority of Councilmen to form a quorum. 
40th. Mayor, or an Alderman, in his 
absence, to preside in Council and give 
casting vote. 

41st. Common Council to make rules 
and judge of the qualification of its 
members. 

42nd. A journal to be kept of the pro 
ceedings. All discussions relating to 
imposing fines, etc., to be public. 

43rd. Resolutions as to improvements, 
appropriations of public money, etc., to 
be printed and published eight days be 
fore adoption. 

44th. Yeas and Nays to be taken on 
all such resolutions. 

45th. Council to have power to punish 
its members. 

46th. No measure for raising or ap 
propriating money, etc., to pass, until 
printed and published eight days. 

47th. Rules imposing penalties to be 
published in U. C. Gazette and other 
papers. 

48th. Laws of the City to be signed 
by the Mayor, and to be entered in a 
book for public inspection, at all reason 
able hours, on payment to the Clerk of 
six-pence. 

49th. Four Sessions of the Common 
Council to commence on the third Mon 
day in February, May, August and 
November in each year. 

50th. The Mayor may call Special 
Meetings, and in case of his death, an 
other to be elected. 

51st. Salary of the Mayor not less 
than one hundred and not more than 
five hundred pounds. 



52nd. Court of Common Council to be 
a Court of Record. 

53rd. Chamberlain and High Bailiff to 
be appointed on the third Monday of 
February in each year. 

54th. Clerk of the Common Council to 
be appointed ; and to be keeper of the 
City Records. 

55th. Clerk of the Market, Assessors, 
Collectors and other officers to be ap 
pointed. 

56th. Rates and Assessments unpaid 
ten days after demand, may be levied 
by distress, by warrant of the Mayor 
or any Alderman, upon oath of demand 
and neglect. 

57th. Constables, Assessors and Col 
lectors Ip be appointed from time to 
time by the Council, and remunerated 
as to them shall seem meet. 

58th. Percentage to Chamberlain. 

59th. Statement of accounts to be 
published annually. 

60th. Salary of the High Bailiff as 
the court shall direct. 

61st. Clerk of the Council to be Clerk 
of the Peace within the City. 

62nd. Assessors to make returns of 
Assessment Rolls to the Clerk of the 
Common Council. 

63rd. Collectors to give security to 
the satisfaction of the Council. 

64th. High Bailiff and Constables not 
bound to attend other than the City 
Courts and the Courts of Assize for 
the Home District. 

65th. High Bailiff and Constables 
bound to obey the Mayor and Alder 
men. 

66th. The Mayor and Aldermen to be 
Justices of the Peace in the said city. 

67th. Justices for the Home District 
to have no jurisdiction within the city, 
except holding the Quarter Sessions. 
Warrants of the Justices of the Home 
District, and of the Mayor and Alder 
men, to have effect all over the district. 

68th. To license livery stables, keep 
ers, keepers of hackney coaches, etc. 

69th. Inhabitants of the city compe 
tent witnesses in trial affecting the Cor 
poration. 

70th. Recovery and application of 
penalties. 

71st. Board of Health to be appoint 
ed with all the powers conferred oy 
3rd William the 4th, chap. 48. 

72nd. Duties of the Clerk of the Mar 
ket. 

73rd. City to have the power to es 
tablish licenses and regulate ferries to 
the Peninsula. 

74th. Rogues and vagabonds to be 
committed to the jail or house of cor 
rection. 

75th. Salaries of City Officers, except 



124 



LANDMARKS OF TORONTO. 



the Mayor and Chamberlain s, to be at 
the discretion of the Council. 

76th. Mayor and Aldermen to license 
innkeepers. 

77th. Mayor to hold a Court, assisted 
by the .Aldermen or any one of them, 
tot be called the Mayor s Court of the 
City of Toronto. 

78th. The Mayor s Court to have the 
same criminal jurisdiction as the Courts 
of Quarter Sessions of the Province 
79th. The meeting of the Court to be 
the second Monday after the opening 
of the four regular sittings of the 
Court of Common Council in each year 
80th. Grand jury to consist of twenty- 
four. 

81st. Petit jury to consist of not less 

than thirty-six nor more than sixty. 

82nd. Qualification of Grand and Petit 

jurors to be the same as in any Court 

of this Province. 

83rd. Clerk of the Common Council 
to be Clerk of the Mayor s Court. 

84th. Authority of the Grand jury of 
the Mayor s Court, the same power and 
authority over offences committed in 
the City of Toronto and Liberties, as 
that of the Grand Jury of the Quarter 
Sessions. 

^ 85th. Form of proceedings in Mayor s 
Court to be the same as in the Court of 
Quarter Sessions. 

86th. Court may order costs to be 
paid out of the city funds. 

87th. Market square vested in the 
city for public uses. 

88th. City liable for the payment of 
the debt due, contracted under the au 
thority of the Magistrates of the Home 
District, for the erection of the Market 
Buildings. 

89th. The inhabitants of the city and 
liberties, exempt from serving on juries 
at any other than the City Court, and 
the Courts of Oyer and Terminer and 
General Jail Delivery and .Nisi Prius 
for the Home District. 

90th. City Officers and members of 
the Fire Companies exempt from Militia 
duty. 

91st. Officers refusing to take the 
Oath of Office liable to be proceeded 
against for refusing to serve. 

92nd. Sixty years of age an exemption 
from serving in office. 

93rd. Jail and Court House of the 
Home District to be Jail and Court 
Hbuse of the city. 

94th. Period for first election of Ald 
ermen and Common Councilmen under 
this Act. 

95th. Non-election of the Mayor, at 
the time fixexl, not to forfeit city char 
ter ; election may take place within a 
month. 



96th. City tp return one member to 
Provincial Parliament. 

97th. City of Toronto to be under 
stood wherever the name of York oc 
curs in any Act of Parliament, Deed 
etc. 

CORPORATION OF THE CITY OF 

TORONTO. 
Elected January, 183G. 

Thomas David Morrison, Mayor. 

St. George s Ward George Gurnett 
and John King, M.D., Aldermen; John 
Craig and George Walton, Councilmen. 

St. Patrick s Ward George T. Deni- 
son and Richard H. Thornhill, Alder 
men ; James Trotter and Thos. Cooper, 
Councilmen. 

St. Andrew s Ward Thomas David 
Morrison and John Harper, Aldermen; 
John Doel and William Ketchum, Coun 
cilmen. 

St. David s Ward James E. Small 
and James King, Aldermen ; James H. 
Price and Edward McElderry, Council- 
men. 

St. Lawrence Ward John Eastwood 
and William Cawthra, Aldermen ; Jas. 
Beaty and William Arthurs, Council- 
men. 

Andrew T. McCord, Chamberlain ; 
Charles Daly, Clerk of the Common 
Council and Clerk of the Peace ; James 
Stitt, High Bailiff; William Phair, 
Clerk of the Market ; Matthew Hayes, 
City Inspector ; John Dempsey, Weigh 
Master ; ^Nicholas Harvey, Town Crier ; 
Michael Teeven, Josiah Kendrick and 
John Fleming, Constables. 

The Police Office is held in the City 
Hall. 

The Mayor s Court is held at the 
Court House four times in each year, 
viz.: The first Monday in March, June, 
September and December ; the jurisdic 
tion of which extends over the city and 
liberties, when the Mayor, for the time 
being, presides, assisted by one or 
more of the Aldermen. 

POPULATION OF THE CITY OF TO 
RONTO. 



1834 1835 1836 

718 795 890 

1472 1600 1495 

1748 2049 1919 

3394 3780 3504 

1922 1541 1844 

9254 9765 9652 

Note Exclusive of the Military, per 
sons confined in the jail, and all tran 
sient persons, emigrants, etc. 



St. George s Ward 

St. Patrick s Ward .... 
St. Andrew s Ward .... 

St. David s Ward 

St. Lawrence s Ward . 



LANDMARKS OF TORONTO. 



125 



CITY OF TORONTO FIRE ENGINE 
COMPANY. 

Two Engines Seventy Members 
William Musson, Captain ; John Baker, 
Lieutenant No. 1 Engine ; Daniel Mor 
rison, Lieutenant No. 2 Engine ; J. F. 
Westland, Treasurer : Charles Hunt, 
Secretary. 

CITY OF TORONTO HOOK AND LAD 
DER COMPANY. 

Sixty Members "Win. Ktt^hum, Presi 
dent ; M. P. Empey, 1st Lieutenant ; 
William Ross, 2nd Lieutenant ; Wm. 
Bright, Treasurer ; Gorga L. Norton, 
Secretary. 

Note Every member of the Fire Com 
pany and Hook and Ladder Company, 
during his continuance in actual duty, 
are exempt from Military duty in time 
of peace, from serving as juryman or 
A constable, and from all other city 
offices. 

BOARD OF HEALTH FOR THE CITY 

OF TORONTO. 

Thomas D. Morrison, Mayor, Presi 
dent ; Alderman John King, M.D.. Ald 
erman George Gurnett, Alderman Jas. 
E. Small and James Beaty. 

GENERAL STAGES, 

From the Corner of Front and Market 

Streets. 

Between Toronto and Kingston A 
Stage leaves Toronto every day, Satur 
days excepted, at 5 o clock in the after 
noon, and on Sundays at 10 o clock for 
Kingston. 

Between Toronto and Hamilton A 
Stage leaves Toronto every day, Sun 
days excepted, at 12 o clock noon, for 
Hamilton. 

Between Toronto and the Holland 
Landing A Stage leaves Toronto every 
day, Sundays excepted, at 9 o clock in 
the morning, and arrives at Phelps* 
Inn, Holland Landing, at 5 o clock the 
same evening, passing through New 
market on its way. 

Steam-packets and Schooners are 
hourly arriving at and departing from 
the Port of Toronto, to and from Ni 
agara, Hamilton, Oakville, Port Credit, 
Port Hope, Cobourg, Kingston, Brock- 
ville, Prescott, Ogdensburg, Oswego, 
Rochester, Lewiston and the interme 
diate ports. 

Field s Livery Stables, Henrietta 
street, and John Grantham s Livery 
Stable, Old British Coffee House, Front 
street, where can be had Horses, 
Coaches, Gigs, Waggons, Sleighs, 
ucon reasonable terms. 



CITY OF TORONTO AUXILIARY 
BIBLE SOCIETY. 

His Excellency Sir Francis Bond 
Head, Patron ; the Hon. John Henry 
Dunn, President ; Peter Paterson, 
Treasurer; Rev. W. T. Leach, Rev. W. 
Merrefield, Secretaries ; Mr. Robert 
Cathcart, 147 King street, Depository. 
Subscription of five shillings annually 
constitutes a member. Annual meet 
ing of the Society, second week in Feb 
ruary. 

CITY OF TORONTO LADIES BIBLE 

ASSOCIATION. 

Mrs. Small, President ; Mrs. Leach, 
Treasurer ; Miss McCleaver and Miss 
McCall, Secretaries. 

SOCIETY FOR PROMOTING CHRIS 
TIAN KNOWLEDGE. 

His Excellency Sir Francis Bond 
Head, Patron ; the Hon. and Rt. Rev. 
the Lord Bishop of Quebec, President ; 
Rev. H. J. Grasett, Secretary ; Robert 
Stanton, Treasurer and Librarian. 

The general Depository is at the Gaz 
ette Office, 161 King street. Subscrip 
tion of ten shillings annually consti 
tutes a member. The annual meeting 
of the Society is held on Easter Mon 
day, in St. James Church, City of To 
ronto. 

UPPER CANADA RELIGIOUS TRACT 
AND BOOK SOCIETY. 

Rev. Dr. Harris, Principal of Upper 
Canada College, President ; James Ham 
ilton, Treasurer ; William Hepburn and 
Rev. E. Maxwell, Secretaries ; Robert 
Cathcart, 147 King street, City of To 
ronto, Depository. 

Subscription of five shillings annually 
constitutes a member, and every mem- 

} ber entitled to have Tracts to the value 

i of half his subscription. 



SOCIETY FOR CONVERTING AND 
CIVILIZING THE INDIANS, AND 
PROPAGATING THE GOSPEL 
AMONG THE DESTITUTE SET 
TLERS IN UPPER CANADA. 

Formed 29th October, 1830 His Ex 
cellency Sir Francis Bond Head, Patron; 
the Hon. and Rt. Rev. the Lord Bishop 
of Quebec, President ; Alexander Wood, 
Treasurer ; Rev. Charles Matthews, 
Secretary. 
CITY OF TORONTO INSTITUTION 

FOR THE RELIEF OF THE 

ORPHAN, THE FATHERLESS AND 

WIDOW. 

Alexander Wood, Treasurer ; the Hon. 
ana v en. Archdeacon of York, Secre- 



126 



LANDMARKS OF TORONTO. 



HOME DISTRICT SAVINGS BANK. 
Opened June 5, 1830. 

At the Office of the Treasurer of the 
District, at the Court House, King 
street, City of Toronto. Open on Sat 
urdays from 11 to 1 o clock. Alexander 
Wood, Treasurer. 



CITY OF TORONTO TEMPERANCE 
SOCIETY. 

Established, 1828 Re-organized, 1835. 

Marshall Spring Bidwell, President ; 
James Lesslie, Treasurer ; Rev. John 
Beatty, Corresponding Secretary ; J. H. 
Lawrence, Secretary. Number of mem 
bers, 632. 

Under the direction of this Society 
is published a monthly paper intitled 
the " Temperance Record," and issued 
from the Bookstore of Messrs. Lesslies, 
on the following terms : City subscribers 
2s. 6d. per annum ; country subscribers, 
including postage, 3s. per annum; a re 
duction made upon taking a quantity. 



CITY OF TORONTO ANNUAL 
BAZAAR. 

Lady Patroness for 1836, Mrs. Pow 
ell. Conducted by Mrs. Strachan and 
Ladies of Toronto. Proceeds applied to 
objects of charity. 

UPPER CANADA COLLEGE CRICKET 
CLUB, CITY OF TORONTO. 

.His Excellency Sir F. B. Head, Patron; 
John Kent, President ; Lukin Robinson, 
Vice-President ; Augustus Keefer, 
Treasurer ; Larratt W. Smith, Secre 
tary. 

CITY OF TORONTO LITERARY 
CLUB. 

Rooms at Mr. Rowsell s Bookstore, 
King street. Established 24th January, 
1836. 

His Excellency Sir F. B. Head, Patron ; 
the Attorney-General, President ; Thos. 
Gait, 1st Vice-President ; J. G. Spragge, 
2nd Vice-President ; J. S. Lee, Secre 
tary; W. .W. Street, Treasurer. 

CITY OF TORONTO ETHICAL AND 
LITERARY SOCIETY. 

Formed September, 1836. The object 
of the above Society is the reading of 
Essays on Ethical and Literary sub 
jects, and also debating on questions 
given out for discussion. Debates which 
may partake of a political or religious 
character are excluded ; and none but 
such as accord with the name of the 
Society can come under consideration. 
It is in contemplation that a Library 
and Museum be attached to the Society. 



The meetings are held every Thurs 
day evening, in the District School. 

STRANGERS BURIAL GROUND, 
Commonly called Potter s Field, situ 
ated on Yonge Street Road, one mile 
from the City. 

This Institution owes its origin to Mr. 
Thomas Carfrae ; it comprises six acres 
of ground, and has a neat Sexton s 
house built close by the gate; the 
name of the Sexton is John Wol- 
stencroft, who keeps a Registry of 
every person buried therein. Persons of 
all creeds, and persons of no creeds, are 
allowed burial in this cemetery ; fees 
to the Sexton, 5s. It was instituted in 
the fall of 1825, and incorporated by 
Act of Parliament 30th January, 1826; 
it is managed by five Trustees who are 
chosen for life ; and in case of the death 
of any of them, a public meeting of the 
inhabitants is called, when they elect a 
successor or successors in their place. 

The present Trustees are: Thomas 
Carfrae, jr., Thomas D. Morrison, Peter 
Paterson, John Ewart, Thomas Helli- 
well. 

CITY OF TORONTO HORTICULTU 
RAL SOCIETY. 

Established for encouraging the in 
troduction and cultivation of the most 
esteemed varieties of Fruits, Flowers 
and Vegetables. 

Committee of Management for 1836 
James Reid, A. Blue, J. Dempsey, P. 
Armstrong, James Fleming, William 
Burn, Charles Franks, George Lesslie, 
D. Blue, John Gray, John Grainger. 
James F. Westland, Treasurer ; John 
Logan, Secretary. 



COMMERCIAL NEWS ROOM, CITY 
OF TORONTO. 

Situated at the North-east Corner of 
the Market Square. T. W. Birchall, 
President ; J. W. Brent, Secretary ; 
David McMaster, Room Keeper. 

Subscription for 12 months, 30s.; sub 
scription for 9 months, 24s.; subscrip 
tion folr 6 months, 17s. 6d.; subscription: 
for 3 months, 10s.; subscription for 1 
month, 5s. Merchant s Clerks for 12 
months, 15s. ner annum. Country mem 
bers not residing within 10 miles of 
Toronto, 20s. per annum. 

The Members and Officers of the 
Legislature not residing within 10 miles 
of Toronto, during the Session are ad 
mitted to the News Room, on entering 
their names in the introduction book. 

All Captains and Pursers of Steam 
boats allowed free access to the Rooms. 

All Strangers are permitted to fre- 



LANDMARKS OF TORONTO. 



127 



quent the Rooms for one week, upon 
either a personal or written introduc 
tion by any Subscriber. 

The Room is open every day, except 
Sundays, from 6 in the morning to 8 
in the evening, from 1st April to 1st 
October ; and from 8 in the morning to 
10 in the evening, from 1st October to 
1st April. 

TORONTO MECHANICS INSTITUTE. 

W. W. Baldwin, President ; Dr. Rolph, 
William B. Jarvis, John Ewart, and 
Hon. R. B. Sullivan, Vice-tPresidents ; 
James Lesslie, Treasurer ; T. Parson 
and J. F. Westiand, Secretaries . 

Their Rooms are situated in the Mar 
ket Buildings. Subscription 5s. per an 
num. Two hundred pounds was granted 
by the Legislature, April, 1835, for the 
purchase of a collection of Instruments 
suitable and proper for illustrating the 
principles of Natural Philosophy, Geo 
graphy, Astronomy and the Mathe 
matics. 

CITY OF TORONTO BOARD OF 
TRADE. 

Hon. W. Allan, President; J. W. 
Brent, Secretary. 



CITY OF TORONTO MECHANICS 
ASSOCIATION 

Formed 6th September, 1836. Its ob 
jects are the protection of Mechanical 
Labour, either by petition to the Legis 
lature, or to any other branch of Gov 
ernment, for any alteration or Bxten- 
sion of duties, by inforcing the law 
againfct such as may violate it to their 
injury, by addresses to the public or 
to its own members, or by any other 
lawful means in its power. Alexander 
Hamilton, Chairman ; Charles Sewell, 
Secretary and Treasurer. The Presi 
dent, Treasurer, etc., to be chosen. 

ST. GEORGE S SOCIETY, CITY OF 
TORONTO INSTITUTED 1835. 

Captain Macaulay, R.E., President; 
Grant Powell, 1st Vice-President ; R. 
S. Jameson, 2nd Vice^President ; John 
Kent, Secretary \ William Stennett, 
Treasurer. Anniversary Festival, St. 
George s Day. 

St. PATRICK S SOCIETY OF THE 
CITY OF TORONTO. 

Instituted 14th September, 1836. 
Hon. Robert Baldwin Sullivan, Presi 
dent; John King, M.D., Richard Hull 
Thornhill, Alexander Dixon, Vice- 
Presidents ; George Moore, Treasurer ; 
Charles Daly, Recording and Corre 



sponding Secretary. Anniversary Festi 
val, St. Patrick s Day. 

This Society has been formed for the 
purpose of bringing together and unit 
ing in bonds of friendship and unity 
the natives of Ireland inhabiting this 
Province of preserving the recollec 
tions dear to Irishmen of their Native 
Country, and of fostering in the Sons 
of Irishmen feelings of patriotism and 
attachment to the land of their fathers. 

St. ANDREW S SOCIETY OF THE 
CITY OF TORONTO. 

Motto " Nemo me impune lacessit." 
Instituted May 5, 1836. 

Hon. W. Allan, President ; Alexander 
Wood and William Proudfoot, Vice- 
Presidents ; Peter Paterson, sr., James 
Newbigging and Isaac Buchanan, Man 
agers ; Rev. Mr. Leach and Rev. Mr. 
Macaulay, Chaplains ; Dr. W. Telfer, 
Physician ; John Ewart, Thomas Car- 
frae, Archibald Macdonell and G. C. 
Strachan, Standing Committee ; C. S. 
Murray and Donald Ross, Committee of 
Accounts ; Alexander Murray, Treas 
urer ; Samuel Spreull, Secretary. Four 
Quarterly Meetings annually, second 
Thursday in February, May, August 
and November. Anniversary Festival, 
St. Andrew s Day. 

CITY OF TORONTO COMMERCIAL 
DIRECTORY FOR 1836-7. 

An Alphabetical List of the Inhabitants. 

Abbs, William, bricklayer, Boulton s 
Block, Lot street. 

Addy, James, carter, Ontario street. 

Adams, William, gardener and seeds 
man, Yonge street. 

Adams, Samuel, labourer, Hospital st. 

Adamson, Richard, carpenter, Eliza 
beth street. 

Adamson, John, stonecutter and mason, 
March street. 

Adams, Bennet, joiner, Spadina ave. 

African Chapel, 40 Hospital street. 

Agricultural Bank, Front street. 

Alexander, Robert, joiner, 15 Lot st. 

Alexander, Wm., carpenter, 4 Lot st. 

Alexander, Robert, grocery, etc., Lot 
street west. 

Allan, John, labourer, March street. 

Allan, Hon. Wm., Lot street east. 

Allan, Edward, tailor, Teraulay st. 

Albion of Upper Canada Office, Market 
Buildings. 

Albion Inn, Hugh Henderson, Church st. 

Alderdice Samuel, Porter at the U. C. 
College. 

Amos, S., issuer in Commissariat office. 

Anchor Inn, Church lane. 

Anderson, Thomas, carter, Church st. 

Anderson, Charles P., labourer, York st. 



128 



LANDMARKS OF TORONTO. 



Anderson, Adam, bookbinder. Upper 



w - 



Austin, Mrs., widow, New street. 
Austin, James, printer, March street. 
Badenach, Alex., grocer, 117 King st. 



swan 



King street. 



Anderson, R. G., 1st teller Bank of U.C. 
Anderson, James, moulder, Richmond 

strccij 
Anderson, ., iron-founder, Newgate 

street. 

Anderson, Lyas, labourer, March st. 

Andrews, Wm., sexton English church, j 
Richmond street. 

Andrews, George, boot and shoe maker, j 
Elizabeth street. 

Andruss, Samuel, ironfounder, longest, j 

Anthony, Francis, labourer, Market st. ! 

Antrim, Inn, S. Madden, near the Cath 
olic church. 

Archdeacon of York, Hon. and Yen. J. 
Strachan, D.D., 54 Front street. 

Archer, Widow, lork street. 

Arent & Seright, milliners, etc., York 

street* 

Armstrong, Thos., carpenter, 11 Lot st. 

Armstrong, Thomas, blacksmith, New- 
gate street. 

Armstrong, James, saddler, 31 Yonge 
street. 

Armstrong, John, merchant, JSlonge 

street. 
Armstrong & Beatty, shoemakers, 55 

and 57 King street. 
Armstrong.. J. R., dry goods merchant, 

157 King street. 
Armstrong, Philip, butcher, Yonge st. 

road. 
Ardagh, Daniel, labourer, Newgate 



, 197 

street. 
, Dr. W. W., Front street. 

Baldwin, John S., 42 King street. 

Baldwin, R., attorney, Front street- 
office 195 1-2 King street. 

Baldwin, Hon. Capt, Russell hill, Spa- 
dina. 

Baldwin, William A., Spadma. 

Balfour, George, tailor, Jordan street. 

Ball, Joseph, labourer, Newgate st. w. 

Ballard, John, clerk post-office, Princes 
street. 

Bancroft, Daniel, printer, Richmond st. 

Bannerman, John, provision store, Mar- 

ITP. t 1<1 lie . 

Banks, Jared, hatter, York street. 
Bank of Upper Canada, Duke street 
Bank Commercial of the Midland Dis 
trict, 207 King street. 
Bank Farmers Joint Stock Company, 

King street west. 
i Bank Agricultural, Truscott & Green, 

Front street. 

i Bank of the People, New street. 
| Baptist Meeting-house, March street. 
Rarron F W., U. C. College. 

-*-* 1 -*- 1 - * J. TT <""1 f^y-vl 

i Barber, G. A., writing master U. O^L/O 
Newgate street. 

widow, Plospital street. 
,^x^ butcher, Duchess st. 
, John, bricklayer, Yonge st. 
>s Wm., labourer, New street. 
>t E., in the Commissariat Depart- 



" 



Vm laljour e r . Lot street west. 



Arttos, Mrs., widow, Newgate street. 
Ashbridge, Jonathan, yeoman. Kings- 

, carpenter, Richmond st. 



223 King street 
Irs, 



15th Regt| 98 
. Richmond street. 



iSgsSrS^X; i %|5^5^f f 

Auldjo R- G., Government messenger, j Beamish, ?^. ^ 
Hospital street. , ^^^bert gentleman, 8 Yonge st. 

tss ss^s-ssawyfe Kg aa* .. ,.*. 

street. 



LANDMARKS OF TORONTO. 



129 



Beatty, James, British woollen ware 
house, 177 King street. 
* Beatty, Rev. John, Methodist minister, 
Hospital street. 

Beatty & Armstrong, shoemakers, 55 
and 57 King street. 

Beatty, John jr., at J. R. Armstrong, 
157 King street. 

Beatty, Mrs., widow, Ontario street. 

Bearcroft, John, gardener, Hospital st. 

Beckett, Joseph, Toronto Medical La 
boratory, King street. 

Beekman, Robert, gentleman, Spadina 
avenue. 

Belfast Tavern, James Madden, Mar 
ket lane. 

Bell, Aeneas, principal messenger House 
of Assembly. 

Bell, Charles, chandler, Yonge street. 

Bell, John, carter, Elizabeth street. 

Bell, John, superintendent of roads, Lot 
street west. 

Bell, Thomas, carpenter, engineer de 
partment, Lot street west. 

Bell, John, attorney, 123 King street. 

Bell, James, Toronto and Trafalgar Inn, 
Church street. 

Bell, John, waggon maker, Upper 
George street. 

Bell, Thomas, merchant, 109 King st. 

Beikie, John, Clerk of Executive Coun 
cil, Front street. 

Benford, Edward, labourer, Newgate st. 

Benjamin & Brothers, importers of dry 
goods, 161 King street. 

Bennett, Humphrey, boot and shoe 
maker, New street. 

Bennett, Mrs., midwife, March st. east. 

Bennett, John, mariner, 18 Lot street. 

Beram, George, sawyer, Lot street. 

Bergin, William, gentleman, Market 
street west. 

Bernard, H. G., horse dealer, 34 Front 
street. 

Bevan, John, cooper, King street east. 

Berry, John, labourer, Newgate street. 

Berry, George, gardener, Yonge street. 

Berry, Francis, grocery store, 72 Yonge 
street. 

Berczy, ., William street. 

Bickerstaff &. Son, house painters, 216 
King street. 

Bicket, James, gentleman, at Isaac 
Buchanan s, Front street. 

Bidwell, Marshall S., attorney, etc., 38 
Lot street. 

Bigelow, Dr., dentist, Yonge street. 

Bilton, George, tailor, Newgate street. 

Billings, T .F., treasurer Home District, 
Lot street west. 

Bishop, John, sr., Yonge street road. 

Bishop, John, jr., butcher, Kingston rd. 

Bishop of Quebec s residence, Market 
street west. 

Bishop, Paul, blacksmith, Caroline st. 

Bishop s Buildings, Newgate street. 



Birchall, T. W., managing director B.A. 

F. A. Co.,, Duke street. 
Black, Thomas, carpenter, Duke street. 
Black, James, labourer, John street. 
Black Swan Tavern, 211 King street. 
Black Bull Tavern, James Rossiter, Lot) 

street. 

Blackford, Daniel, gentleman, Eliza 
beth street. 
Blain, Wm., boot and shoe maker, 49 

King street. 

Blake, James, engineer, Teraulay st. 
Blake, Hume, student-at-law, John st. 
Blake, Wm., labourer, Richmond st. 
Blakeley, James, labourer, Newgate 

street west. 

Blighton, John, labourer, George st. 
Blenkinsopp, Thomas, Bay Horse Tav 
ern, Yonge street. 

Blevins, Robert, gentleman, 8 Lot st. 
Blue Bell Inn, Thomas Richardson, Lot 
j street west. 

Blue Bonnet Tavern, Yonge street. 
Boddy, James, labourer, Duchess st. 
Boice, Abraham, carpenter, Richmond 

street. 

Bolton, Wm., mason, Lot street east. 
Bolton, Edward C., school, Kingston rd. 
Bond, Thos., brickmaker, Lot st. west. 
Bond, Richard, labourer, Milburn s 

block, Front street. 
Bonycastle, Capt. R. H., Front street, 

near the Garrison. 

Booth, Robert, sawyer, Ontario street. 
Bostwick, Lardner, gentleman, 175 King 

street. 
Bostwick, George, gentleman, 175 King 

street. 
Bosworth, Monis, carpenter, Upper 

Georige street. 
Botsford, D., Ontario House Inn, corner 

Market and Church street. 
Botsford, J. D., blacksmith, Front st. 

on Bay shore. 

Boulton, D Arcy, Lot street west. 
Boulton, Wm. H., attorney, Lot street 

west. 

Bower, Joseph, carpenter, Elizabeth st. 
Bowman, Mrs., cowkeeper, Yonge st. 
Bowyer, Isaac, sailor, Ontario street. 
Boyce, Richard, labourer, Elizabeth st. 
Boyd, George, grocery store, March st. 

east. 
Boyd, John, Classical and Commercial 

Academy, Bay street. 
Boyd, Widow, Hospital street. 
Brandon, Thos., blacksmith, Lot street 

west. 

Brayley, John, carpenter, Lot st. west. 
Braley, Henry J., clerk in the Crown 

office. 
Brent, J. W., apothecary and druggist, 

65 King street. 

Brewer, Wm., blacksmith, Hospital st. 
Brewer, Richard, bookbinder. Bay at. 

and 168 King street. 



130 



LANDMARKS OF TORONTO. 



British Coffee House, new (Cotter s), 

King street. 
British Coffee House, old (Grantham), 

Front street. 
British America Insurance Office, Duke 

street. 
British Brass and Iron Foundry, Lot 

street west. 
Briggs, George, last factory, Market 

lane. 

Briggs, Robert, carpenter, Duke street. 
Bright, Win., butcher, Kingston road. 
Bright, ., gardener, Ontario street. 
Bright, Lewis, messenger Legislative 

Council, 6 Lot street. 
Bright, Lewis, jr., blacksmith, Yonge 

street. 

Brooke, Richard, yeoman, Hospital st. 
Brooke, Philip, gentleman, Front st. 
Brooke, Daniel, gentleman, Duke st. 
Brown, John, printer, Lot st. west. 
Browne, James, .wharfinger, Front st. 
Browne s Wharf, foot of Church street. 
Brown, Peter, carpenter, 54 Yonge st. 
Brown, Misses, milliners, 54 Yonge st. 
Brown, Andrew, carter, 70 Newgate st. 
Brown, John, labourer, Peter street. 
Brown, MLss, straw bonnet maker, 29 

Yonge street. 

Browne, James C., plasterer, York st. 
Brown, John, labourer, Broad lane. 
Brown, John, labourer, Upper George 

street. 

Brown, Mrs., widow, 15 Newgate st. 
Brown, Thomas, silversmith, New st. 
Brown, Richard, labourer, March st. 
Brothers, Joseph, labourer, Church 

lane. 

Bryan, Valentine, smith, Market st. 
Bryce, Buchanan & Co., dry goods store, 

163 King street. 

Buchanan, Isaac, general wholesale mer 
chant, 28 Front street. 
Buchanan, Wm., labourer, New street. 
Bugg, John, carpenter, Elizabeth st. 
Bullivar, William, bricklayer, Upper 

George street. 
Bullen, John, stonemason. Lot street 

west. 
Bull s Head Inn, Wm. Phair, 129 King 

street. 

Bunker, Thos., bricklayer, Spadina ave. 
Burgess, Rev. Mr., at tho College. 
Burgess, John, carpenter, Yonge street 

road. 

Burnham, Silas, general merchant, 67 
King street. 

Burns, David, boot and shoemaker, Hos 
pital street west. 

Burns, Widow, Market lane. 

Burns, Andrew, labourer, Newgate st. 

Barns, T., Red Lion Tavern, Yonge st. 
road. 

Barns Tavern, T. Garlick, King street 
east. 

Burke, Thos., bricklayer, Spadina ave. 



Burke & O Neil, auctioneers, 69 King 
street. 

Burk, R., baker, 48 Lot street. 

Burnside, Alex., doctor, 34 King street 

Burial Ground, the Stranger s, com 
monly called Potters Field, Yonge 
street road. 

Burial Ground, Presbyterian, Duchess 
street. 

Burton, Wm., labourer, George street. 
j Bussell, James, storekeeper, corner Spa 
dina avenue and Lot street. 

Butler, James W., labourer, Yonge st. 
| Butters, John, chairmaker, Stewart s 

lane. 
j Byers, Edward, teller Farmers Bank, 

Yonge street road. 

j Bywater, R., Queen s Head Tavern, 
Sandford s corner, Lot street. 

Bywater, William, gentleman, Sand- 
ford s corner, Lot street. 
i Caldwell, Mrs. Eleanor Gore, 108 New 
gate street. 

Caldwell, J. M., clerk Surveyor-Gen, 
office, Newgate street. 

Caldicott s Classical and Commercial 
Academy, Market lane. 

Callaghan, John, labourer, 37 Lot st. 

Callaghan, John, carter, New street. 

Callaghan, Charles, labourer, New st. 

Campbell, John, cabinetmaker, 13 Yonge 
street. 

Campbell, John, boot and shoemaker, 10 
Yonge street. 

Campbell, Wm., North American Hotel, 

Front street. 

Campbell, Widow, March street. 
Campbell, Wm., blacksmith, Lot street 

east. 

Campbell, Hugh, carpenter. Lot st. east. 
Campbell, Samuel, labourer, Newgate 

street. 

Campbell, Lady, Duke street. 
Campfield, David, labourer, Newgate st. 
Cameron, the Hon. Duncan, Lot st. w. 
Cameron, Colonel, Bishop s buildings, 

Newgate street. 

Cameron, Morgan, labourer, New st. 
Cameron, John, M. A., clerk in Canada 

Company office. 

Canada Company Office, Frederick st. 
Capreol, F. C., gentleman. Walnut place, 

King street. 

Carfrae, Hugh, Bay street. 
Carfrae, Thomas, collector of customs, 

Front street. 
Carlos, James, boarding-house, Upper 

George street. 

Gary, N., barber, 99 King street. 
Carroll, George, lime burner, Lot st. 

east. 

Carroll, Thos., labourer, Kingston road. 
Carroll, Nathaniel, carpenter, Duke st. 
Carr, John, painter, Teraulay street. 
Carmichael, Hugh, carpenter and store 
keeper. 11 Lot street. 



LANDMARKS OF TORONTO. 



131 



Carlisle, George, baker, 12 Hospital st. 
Carpenter, James, provision store, King 

street west. 

Carter, Richard, carpenter, Hospital st. 
Carswell, John, watch and clock . maker, 

196 King street west. 
Castles, Henry J., land surveyor, York 

street. 

Cassidy, Patrick, carter, Bay street. 
Catholic Church, east of the city. 
Catholic Chapel of Ease, New street. 
Cathcart, Robert, general dry goods 

store, depository of the Upper Canada 

Religious Tract and Book Society and 

the Bible Society, 147 King street. 
Catterrnole, George, watchmaker, 31 

King street. 

Cation, George, carpenter, York street. 
Caverner, Sarah, Peter street. 
Cavan Arms Tavern, VV. Davis, King 

street east. 

Caldwell, J. M., Osgoode Hall. 
Cawthra, Joseph, merchant, corner of 

Palace and Frederick streets. 
Cawthra, William, merchant, corner of 

Palace and Frederick streets. 
Central or National School, New street. 
Cearnes, Barnabas, boot and shoemaker, 

5 Lot street. 

Charters, James, labourer, Bay street. 
Charles, Barnes, importer of British 

goods, 142 King street. 
Chagnon, Lewis, baker, 3 Lot street. 
Charles, Richard, carpenter, Teraulay 

street. 

Chapman, Wm., teamster, Richmond st. 
Chapman, Thos., teamster, Richmond st. 
Chapels, Wesleyan Methodist, Newgate 

and George streets. 
Chapel, Primitive Methodist, Bay st. 
Chapel, Independent Methodist, Market 

lane. 

Chapel, Baptist, March street. 
Chapel, Presbyterian, United Synod, 

Hospital street. 

Chapel, Coloured People s, Hospital st. 
Champion Brothers & Co., hardware 

merchants, Yonge street. 
Chamberlain, Win., tailor, Yonge st. 
Cheney, Thos., carpenter, New street. 
Chesney, Mrs., Caroline street. 
Chewett, Wm., Registrar of Surrogate 

Court, Market street. 
Chewett, James G., Chief Surveyor and 

-Uransman, Surveyor-General s De 
partment, Market street. 
Chief Justice of Upper Canada, resi 
dence Hospital street. 
Chipperfield, John, taiJpr, Market lane. 
Child, John, joiner, Elizabeth street. 
Chilvers, Joseph, whitesmith, Lot st. 
Chisholm, Alan, general store, Market 

square. 

Chisholm, Alex., tavern, 127 King st. 
Christie, Alex., hardware store, 112 

King street. 



Christian, Wm., Baptist minister, Lot 
street east. 

Christian Guardian Newspaper Office, 
Toronto street. 

Christmas, Wm., labourer, Newgate st. 

City Hotel (late Steam Boat), Front st. 

Clark, Robert, painter, Yonge street. 

Clark, John, tailor, Duchess street. 

Clark, John, boot and shoemaker, Rich 
mond street. 

Clark, Christopher, stonemason, Toron 
to street. 

Clark, John, veterinary surgeon, Hos 
pital street. 

Clark, Mrs., straw bonnet maker, Hos 
pital street. 

Clark, Richard, boot and shoe maker, 
Jordan street. 

Clark, Thomas, boot and shoe maker, 
Market street. 

Clark, Samuel, miller, at the Windmill. 

Clarke, Henry H., Stag Tavern, Market 
square. 

Clarke, P. T., discount clerk, Farmers 
Bank. 

Clarkson, Thos., storekeeper, 55 Yonge 
street. 

Clayton, ., labourer, Spadina avenue. 

Cleaver, Charles, chandler, King st. w. 
I Clerk of the Peace Office, Court House. 
I Clifton, Arthur, carpenter, Lot street. 
j Clindinning, R. W., printer, Caroline st. 

Clinkunbroomer, Charles, watchmaker, 
119 King street. 

Clinkunbroomer, J., tailor, Duchess st. 

Clinkunbroomer, Exaveras, mason.James 
street. 

Cloughly, Wm., Government messenger, 
58 Lot street west. 

Clunie, David Baird, clerk, Canada Com 
pany s office. 

Coach office, corner Market and Front 
street, foot of Church street. 

Coates, Wm., Clerk House of Assem 
bly, Lot street west. 

Coates, Wm. J., book and job printing 
office, 160 King street. 

Cockburn, Mrs., Ladies Seminary, Mar 
ket street. 

Codd, Misses, dry goods store, 78 King 
street. 

Codey, Martin, labourer, Lot street. 

Cody, Mary, Elizabeth street. 

Coffee, ., brickmaker, Palace st. Park. 

Coffield, James, grocery, March st. 

Coffin, Colonel N., Adjutant-General of 
Militia, 60 Front street. 

Colcleugh, Capt. W., Cobourg steamer, 
Princes street. 

College Avenue, Lot street, near Os 
goode Hall. 

College, King s, to be built at the end 
of College avenue. 

College, Upper Canada, King st. west. 

College Land office, 222 King street, 
corner of York street. 



132 



LANDMARKS OF TORONTO. 



Collector of Customs, Thomas Carfrae, 

Front street. 

Collett, Wm., carter, Market street. 
Collins, John, waiter at North Ameri 
can Hotel. 

Collins, Jeremiah, labourer, Market st. 
Collins & Ward, printers, New street. 
Collumhes, John, blacksmith, Newgate 

street. 

Colquhoun, John, labourer, Newgate st. | 
Colton, Wm., labourer, Yonge street, j 
Comer, John, barrack sergeant, Lot st. 
Commercial Bank, Midland District, 207 

King street. 
Commercial News Room, Market sq., I 

King street. 
Commissariat Office, Front street, near { 

the Garrison. 

Conlin, Lackie, grocery, Newgate st. 
Conlin, Patrick, labourer, Duchess st. 
Conlin, Patrick, labourer, Newgate st. 
Connell, James, baker, Duke street. 
Connell, John, labourer, Newgate st. 
Connell, Wm., engraver, 182 King st. 
Connell, Mrs., manufacturer and cleaner 

of muffs, tippets, etc., 182 King st. 
Connell, Richard, labourer, Bay shore. 
Connors, Francis, carter, Market st. 
Constitution Newspaper Office, W. L. 
Mackenzie, King st., Turton s build gs. 
Con way, James, labourer, Hospital st. 
Cook, Mr. and Mrs., portrait painters, 

100 King street. 
Cook, W. C., storekeeper, Kingston rd., 

near Don. 
Cook, Henry, mason, Boulton s block. 

Lot street. 

Cooper, Thos., gentleman, Lot st. west. 
Cooper, Wm., gentleman, Palace st. 
Copeland, ., brewer, Yonge st. road. 
Cope, Wm., painter, 190 King street. 
Cope, Thos., carpenter, Boulton s block, 

Lot street. 

Copping, Edward, mason, Market st. 
Cormack & Co., wholesale and retail 

dry goods, 199 King street. 
Cornell, Edward, brickmaker, Kingston 

road. 

Cornwell, John, labourer. Duchess st. 
Correspondent and Advocate News 
paper, published on Wednesdays, 
York street. 
Cosway, Robert, general store, 84 King 

street. 
Cotton, Barnabas, carpenter, Richmond 

street. 
Cotterell, Ja.rnes, labourer, Newgate st. 

west. 
Cotter, John. New British Coffee House, 

Chewett s buildings, King street. 
Couch, John, carpenter, Newgate st. \v. 
Coupland, Thos., shoemaker, York st. 
Ooulson, Corry, gentleman, Kingston rd. 
Council, Executive Chamber, Parlia 
ment buildings, Front street. 
Court House, King street. 



Court of King s Bench, Parliament 

buildings, Front street. 
Court of Requests Office, Court House. 
Courier of Upper Canada Newspaper 
office, G. Gurnett, editor, published 
tri-weekly, Tuesday, Thursday and 
Saturday, New street, Market sq. 
Cowan, John, carpenter, Lot st. west. 
Cowan, H., blacksmith, Lot st .east. t 
Cox, Patrick, boot and shoemaker, New 

street. 
Coxwell, W. II., Clerk in Crown office, 

Lot street east. 

Craddock, Joseph, tailor, 41 Lot street. 
Craig, William, labourer, New street. 
Craig & Potts, copper and tinsmith, 105 

King street. 
Craig, John, portrait, fancy and house 

painter, 229 King street. 
Craig, James, boot and shoemaker, 

Kingston road. 

Crawford, Joshua, baker, Church st. 
Crawford, Dr., Lot street west. 
Creighton, Wm., baker, Market lane. 
Cressell, Edward, issuer Commissariat 

Department, Front street. 
Crispin, Richard, carter and grocery 

store, 44 Hospital street. 
Crisp, Thomas, Bay street. 
Croft, Edward, boot and . shoemaker, 

113 King street. 

Crookshank, Hon. George, 70 Front st. 
Cross Keys Inn, York street. 
| Crown Inn, Thos. Moore, corner King 

and New street. 
Crown Office, Parliament buildings, 

Front street. 

Crothers, James, carter, Park, St. Law 
rence Ward. 

I Crowthers, Miss, 30 Hospital street. 
I Crow, Wm., coach builder, 29 Lot st 
I Crozier, Richard, boot and shoemaker, 

Lot street. 

Crozier, Thomas, boot and shoemaker, 
" Peter street. 

Cryan, Thomas, tailor, George street, 
Cull James, sr., editor and proprietor 
of the Albion of Upper Canada News 
paper, published on Saturday, south 
east corner Market buildings. 
I Cull, Edward Lefroy, clerk, Canada 

Company s office. 

i Cull, James, jr., gentleman, Front st. 
i Cummings, Thomas, tailor. New street 
! Cunningham, David, blacksmith, 

Yonge street. 

! Cunningham, James, mason, Lot 
i Cunningham, Francis, boot and shoe 
maker, Newgate street. 
Curran, James, storekeeper, iork st. 
Cuthbcrt, Richard, bookbinder, Rich 
mond street. 
Othbert, Thos., boot and shoe maker, 

Richmond street. 

Cm.hbert, Alex., boot and shoe maker, 
York street. 



LANDMARKS OF TORONTO. 



133 



Custom House, Front street. 

Bade, Rev. C., Mathematical master, 
U. C. College. 

Daily, Timothy, provision store, Market 
square. 

Daly, Charles, Clerk City Council. 

Dalton, Thos., editor and proprietor of 
the Patriot Newspaper, published 
Tuesday and Friday, 233 King street. 

Darling, R., grocery store, Chewett s 
buildings, King street. 

Dart, W. B., carpenter and grocery 
store, King street east. 

Davidson, Rev. Mr., Wesleyan minis 
ter, Upper George street. 

Davidson, James 1 , labourer, New st. 

Davis, Calvin, 4 Lot street. 

Davis, Wm., Cavan Arms, King st. east. 

Dears, John bricklayer, Duchess st. 

Defries, Robert, gardener, Palace st. 

Deihl, Dr., 57 Lot street. 

Dell, Alex., working tanner, Bay st. 

Dell, Wm., boot and shoemaker, Bay st. 

Dempsey, Francis, currier, 41 Ypnge st. 

Dempsey, John, weighmaster in the 
Market. 

Denison, Geo. T., alderman. Lot st. w. 

Denison, Geo. T., jr., student-at-law, 
Lot street west. 

Denham, C. R., brass founder and Smith, 
Lot street west. 

Denholm, Geo., dry goods store, 58 King 
street. 

Derry, Thomas, gentleman, York st. 

Devine, John, labourer, Wilmot place. 

Deval, Wm., labourer, Hospital st. 

Devlin, Arthur, labourer, Lot street. 

Dewson, Dr., King street west. 

Dew, John, engineer, Lot_ street west. 

Dillard, John, labourer, York street. 

Dick, Mrs., milliner, 161 King street. 

District School, New street. 

District Court, held at the Court House. 

Dixon, Alex., British saddlery ware 
house, 179 King street. 

Dixon, Joseph, at British saddlery ware 
house, 179 King street. 

Dixon, Wm., painter, Broad lane, York 
street. 

Dobson, J., Richmond street. 

Dodds, James, on Crookshanks farm, 
Peter street. 

Doddy, James, labourer, Marj?!^ street. 

Dodsworth, John, Y onge"* st 
road. 

Doel, John, brewer, corner Bay and 
Newgate streets. 

Dog and Duck Tavern, Thos. Smith, 
Market square. 

Dolmadge, John, labourer, Newgate s c. 

Dolan, John, sailor, Church lane. 

Donaldson, George, carpenter, Hos 
pital street. 
Donovan, John, sailor, Yonge street. 

Donovan, Cornelius, labourer, March st. 
Donelly, Patrick, labourer, Teraulay st. 



Donnelly, John, labourer, March st. 
Donnington, Geo., Cross Key s Inn, York 

street. 

Douglass, John, cow keeper, York st. 
Doyle, Garrett, grocery store, March st. 
Draper, W. H., attorney, Peter street, 

M.P.P. for Toronto. 
Drain, Widow, William street. 
Drew, Andrew, carpenter, March st. 
Drummond, Widow, Richmond street. 
Driscoll, Edward, Grocery, Yonge st. 
Duff, ., blacksmith, Newgate street. 
Duff, ., butcher, in the Market. 
Duggan, G., merchant, coroner Home 

District, 61 King street. 
Duggan, John O., student-at-law, 61 

King street. 
Duggan, George, jr., attorney, 111 King 

street. 

Duggan, Dr. Thomas, 61 King street. 
Duggan, John, student-at-law, 111 King 

street. 

Duggan, Dennis, labourer, Henrietta st. 
Dundas, Wm., turner. Lot street. 
Duncan, Wm., blacksmith, Toronto st. 
Duncan, Robert, tailor, Hospital street. 
Dunlop, Thos., tailor, King st. west. 
Dunlop, Thos., Auld Lang Syne Tavern, 

Church street. 
Dunlop, Charles, labourer, Newgate st. 

east. 
Dunlevy, Charles, printer, Newgate st. 

east. 
Dunn, Hon. John H., Receiver-General, 

Lot street west. 

Dunn, Jonathan, butcher, Lot st. west. 
Dunn, John, 34 Lot street. 
Dunn, Mrs., small grocery, Yonge st. 
Dupuy, H., manager Farmers Joint 

Stock Bank. 

Durnan, John, Front st., near Garrison. 
Durnford, Captain, William street. 
Durnford, Philip, clerk, Surveyor-Gen 
eral s office. 
Dutcher, Wm. A., ironfounder, Yonge 

street. 

Earles, John, grocery store, Lot st. w. 
Earles, Thos., Argyle Inn, and carter, 3 

Newgate street. 

Earles, Wm., Bricklajer, New street. 
Earles, Francis, constable, Lot street. 
Earles, Theophilu s, school, Newgate st. 
Earnest, John, teamster, Kingston rd. 
Earnest, Mrs., Ontario street. 
Eastwood & Skinner, paper makers, 

Market square. 

Eastwoods, Mrs., Newgate street, op 
posite Bishop s buildings. 
Edinburgh Castle Tavern, G. Hender 
son, Church street. 

Edwoods, W. H., barber, 102 King st. 
Eddington, George, gentleman, Lot st. 

west. 
Ekerlin, B., issuer Com. Department, 

Lot street west. 
Elliott, John, Bay street Market street. 



134 



LANDMARKS OF TORONTO. 



Elliott, John, assistant Clerk Common 
Council, 55 Lot street. 

Elliott, Geo., gentleman, Kingston road. 

Elliott, Christopher, butcher, Ontario st. 

Elliott, Thos., Sun Tavern, 57 Yonge st. 

Elliott, Widow, Church lane. 

Ellah, John, dry goods merchant, York 
shire store, 132 and 134 King street. 

Empey, Michael P., mason and plas 
terer, Richmond street. 

Elmsley, Hon. John, Lot street east. 

Elms, Edward, hatter, 124 King street. 

Emery, Robert, wheelwright, 32 Lot st. 

Emigrant Office, Parliament buildings, 
Front street. A. B. Hawke, superin 
tendent. 

Emmens, Thos., carpenter, Lot st. w. 

English Episcopal church, King street. 

English, Samuel, Duke of York Inn, 
Church street. 

Erskine, Alex., confectioner, 145 King 
street. 

Esmonde, John, tinsmith, 188 King st. 

Evans, Miller & Co., coach builders, 
King street west. 

Evans, Richard, small store, Church st. 

Evans, Samuel, general clothing ware 
house, 104 King st. 

Evans, Rev. Ephraim, editor of the 
Christian Guardian, 56 Newgate st. 

Evatt, Henry, barrack master, 47 Lot st. 

Ewart, John, 30 Front street. 

Evvart, Andrew, boot and shoemaker, 
Boulton s block, Lot street. 

Ewing, Alex., Farmers Hotel, Market 
square. 

Exchange Office, Truscott & Co., 26 
Front street. 

Executive Council Office, Parliament 
buildings, Front street. 

Fairbanks, Levi, watchmaker, Church 
street. 

Fairbanks, Mrs., milliner, Church st. 

Falls, Wm. S., printer, Richmond st. 

Falvey, John, carter, Lot street. 

Farley, Samuel, labourer, 42 Hospital st. 

Farmers Joint Stock Banking Co. office, 
King street west. 

Farmers Hotel, Market square. 

Farmers Arms Inn, J. Schofield, 88 and 
90 King street. 

Farmers Store House, on the Bay 
shore, Market square. 

Farmers and Mechanics Hall, New 
gate street. 

Farr, John, brewer, Lot street west. 

Farrell, George, yeoman, Lot street 
west, opposite Black Bull. 

Farrell, Patrick, carpenter, Bay street. 

Farreli, John, carter, Upper George st. 
Farrell, Joseph, labourer, Upper George 

street. 
Featherstone, ., carpenter, Broad lane, 

York street. 

Feehan, James, grocery store, near 
steamboat wharves. 



Feehan, George, labourer, 26 King st. 

Felstead, George, gardener, Duke street. 

Fennell, John, boot and shoemaker, Jor 
dan street. 

Fenne.ll, John, labourer. Dundas st. 

Fenwick, Mrs., mistress of the Col 
lege boarding-house. 

Ferguson, Andrew, boot and shoemaker, 
42 Hospital street. 

Ferguson, ., at Ketchum s tannery, 
Yonge street. 

Ferguson, Joseph, labourer, Duchess st. 

Ferrier, Hobert, baker, 135 King st. 

ITerris, Mrs., boarding-house, Hospital 
street. 

Field, Robert, livery stables, Henrietta 
street. 

Fielding, James, labourer, Lot st. w. 

Filer, Charles, carpenter, Market st. 

Finch, Wm., carpenter, Elizabeth st. 

Fisher, S., gentleman, near the Wind 
mill. 

Fish, Moses, razor grinder, Newgate st. 

Fish Market, on the Bay, at the foot 
of the Market square. 

Fireman s Hall, Church street. 

Fire Assurance Co. (British America), 
Duke street. 

Fire Assurance Co. (Phoenix), R. Stan- 
ton, agent, King street. 

Fire Assuraoice Co. (Alliance), J. Ridout, 
agent. Newcrate. sl.rp.fit- . 

Fitzgerald, Dennis, _captain,_Hospital st. 

FitzGibbon, James, Chief "Cleft House 
of Assembly, Lot street west. 

Fitzpatrick, Wm., tailor, Yonge street. 

Fitzpatrick, James, labourer, Stewart s 
lane. 

Flanaghan, John, gardener, King st., 
opposite Hospital. 

Flanaghan, Win., labourer, March st. 

Flaherty, Francis, carpenter, Boulton 
block, Lot street. 

Flay, Absalom, carpenter, March st. 

Fleming, John, constable, Church st. 

Flinn, James, carpenter, Elizabeth st. 

Flock, Wm., storekeeper, 55 Yonge st. 

Floyd, _., working ironfounder, New 
gate street. 

Foley, Wm., carpenter, Kingston road. 

Foley, Michael, labourer, near the 
Windmill. 

Foley, James, mariner, Church street. 

Foot, Francis R., Assistant Commissary 
General, Front street. 

Ford, George, coach spring maker. 
Walnut, place, King street. 

Ford, Robert, carpenter, 182 King st. 

Forbes, Henry, grocery, 209 King st. 

Forbes, Samuel, butcher, Duchess st. 

Forbes, James, labourer, New street. 

Foster, Col. A. A. G., corner of Peter 
and Newgate streets. 

Foster, William, carter, 59 King street. 

Foster, Thomas, carter, 59 King street. 

Fox, Henry, bricklayer, near the Don. 



LANDMARKS OF TORONTO. 



135 



Foster, James, boot and shoemaker, 91 
and 93 King street. 

Fozard, Wm., labourer, Front street, 
Bay shore. 

Fowler, Robert, labourer, Lot st. west. 

French, Richard, chairmaker, 223 King 
street. 

French Burr Mill Stone Factory, near 
steamboat wharves. 

Francis, J., City Toronto Tavern, Front 
street. 

Francis, James, labgurer, Ontario st. 

Franks, Charles, gardener, Yonge st. 
road. 

Freeland, P., soap and candle manufac 
turer, Front street, Bay shore. 

Fullarton, Robert, cabinet maker, New 
gate street. 

Furlong, John, carpenter, Hagerman s 
block, Market street.. 

Furnis, Joseph, carpenter, Hospital st. 

Fury, Thomas, Peacock Inn, Church st. 

Gaol, King street. 

Gale, Wm., Market ? an ?v. 

Gallego, Philip, labourer, York street. 

Galloway, Joseph, yeoman, Kingston rd. 

Galloway, Thos., labourer, Spadina ave. 

Gait, Thos., clerk In Canada Co. s office. 

Gamble, Clarke, attorney, 47 King st. 

Gardiner, Thomas, blacksmith, 25 Lot 
street. 

Garlick, Thos., Burns Tavern, 8 King 
street east. 

Garvey, John, carpenter, Market st. 

Garrison and Barracks, west of the 
city. 

Georgen, Mrs., York street. 

Geddes, Adam, tailor, Church street. 

Gibbs, Robert, carpenter, Richmond st. 

Gibson, Andrew, tinsmith, Jordan st. 

Gibson, John, bricklayer, Elizabeth st. 

Gibson, Thomas cattle jobber, 64 Yonge 
street. 

Gifford, A., clerk in Gov. office, New 
gate street west. 

Gilbert, E. B., cabinet maker, Bay st. 

Gilbertson, Henry, carpenter, Lot st. w. 

Gill, Wm., boot and shoemaker, Duke st. 

Gillmour, II., clerk at Laurie & Co. s, 
King street. 

Ginty, James, tailor, Richmond street. 

Givins, Jaines Col., chief superinten 
dent of Indian Affairs, Lot st. west. 

Ghrimes, George, carpenter, Dummer st. 

Ghrimes, Michael, labourer, Newgate st. 

Glassco, Thos., sr., boot and shoemaker, 
89 King street. 

Glassco, Thos., jr., hatter, 133 King st. 

Glendinning, Win., butcher, in the Mar 
ket. 

Godfrey, Thos., turner, New street. 

Golding, E., boot and shoemaker, 214 
King street. 

Gondy, George, labourer, Hospital st. 

Gooderham, Wm., miller, at the Wind 
mill. 



i Goodman, Mrs., Georgs street. 

j G or ham, James, labourer, Lot si., w. 

I Gormley, J-, labourer, Kingston road. 

Government Office, King street west, 
opposite College. 

Governor s Residence, King st. west, op 
posite the College. 

Government Office, Parliament build 
ings, Front street. 

Gouldie, Mrs., Lot street. 

Grainger, George, gardener, Yonge st. 
road. 

Graham, Wm., carpenter, James street. 

Graham, Bradshaw, gentleman, Dulse 
street. 

Graham, Thos., carpenter, Market st. 

Graham, John, labourer, 28 Lot street. 

Graham, John, butcher, in the Market. 

Grant, John, wheelwright. Lot st. w. 

Grant, John, music seller, Hagerman a 
block, Market street. 

Grant, Alex., attorney, Bay street. 

Grantham, John, Old British Coffeo 
House, Front street. 

jrassi, A. de, Don river. 

Grasett, Rev. H. J., curate English 
church, Newgate street. 

Graves, William, school, York street. 

Gray, Mrs., Ship Tavern, Market street. 
Gray, John, labourer, Lot street west. 

Gray, Thos., labourer, Lot street west. 

Gray, John, carpenter, Boulton s block, 
Lot street west. 

Gray, Richard, butcher, Ontario street. 

Gray, James, labourer, Church lane. 

Gray, John, gardener, at Sheriff Jarvis . 

Greenland Fishery Tavern, near Par 
liament buildings, Front street. 

Greenup, Henry, grocery and provisions. 

192 King street. 

I Griffith, Thos., boot and shoemaker, 137 
King street. 

Grierson, Major, 15th Regt., 226 King 
street. 

Grigory, Richard, gentleman, Richmond 
street. 

Groves, John, Canada Co. office, Fred 
erick street. 

Groundrill, Richard, carter, Milburn 3 
block, on Bay shore. 

Gunn, Adam, labourer, 22 Lot street. 

Gurnett, George, editor and proprietor 
of the Courier of Upper Canada news 
paper, published tri-weekly, Tuesday. 
Thursday and Saturday, New street. 

Gwynne, Dr. W. <J., Graves street and 
Lot street west. 

Hackett, James, labourer, Richmond st. 

Hagerman, C. A., Solicitor-General, 
Market street. 

Hagger, James, Spadina avenue. 

Half Moon Inn, Robert Horsiley, 2 New- 
street. 

Hall, John, grocery, March street. 

Hall, Miss, milliner, at Beatty s, 177 
Kiner street. 



136 



LANDMARKS OF TORONTO. 



Hall, Wm., carpenter, Teraulay street. 
Hall & Leek, candle and soap makers, 

Palace street, Bay shore. 
Halkett, Lieut., aide-de-camp to the 

Lieutenan t-Gover nor . 
Halpin, John, labourer, March street. 
Hamilton, Alex., looking-glass manufac 
turer, carver and gilder, 118 King st. 
Hamilton, George, labourer, Lot st. east. 
Hamilton, James, Carnelion Tavern, 

Church street. 
Hamilton, Wm., boot and shoemaker, 

Church street. 
Hamilton, S. S., Mansion House Hotel, 

Newgate street. 
Hamilton, Thos., carpenter, Boulton s 

block, Lot street. 
Hamilton, Thos. G., carpenter, Macaulay 

lane. 
Hamilton, James, land agent, King st. 

west. 

Hamilton, Wm., labourer, opposite Bis 
hop s buildings, Newgate street. 
Hamilton, R., small store, opposite Bis 
hop s buildings, Newgate street. 
Hammell, John, boot and shoemaker, 

Yonge street. 
Hanaven, James, labourer, Hospital st. 

west. 
Handy, Patrick, auction and grocery 

store, 44 Lot street. 
Hand, B., labourer, Duchess street. 
Hanley, James, gardener, Yonge st. rd. 
Hannah, Wm., wheelwright, Yonge st. 
Hanagan, Mrs., March street. 
Harbron, George, stonemason, March st. 
Hardy, Charles, clerk at Beatty s, 17J 

King street. 

Harke, Robert, mason, Peter street. 
Harkes, John, small grocery, 37 Lot st. 
Harkness, Sarah, New street. 
Harland, John, tailor, Duchess street. 
Harley, John, William IV. Tavern, New 

street, Market square. 
Harley, John, labourer, York street. 
Harper, John, carpenter and builder, 

Newgate street. 
Harper, Richard, carpenter and builder. 

Hospital street. 

Harper, John, carpenter, Elizabeth st. 
Harington, T. D., gentleman, at Mr. 

Tuton s, Chewett s buildings, King st. 
Harrington, Jared, Bull s Head Inn, 

Kingston road. 

Harrington, Thos., carter, Market lane. 
Harris, Mrs., Lot street. 
Harris, ., carpenter, Spadina avenue. 
Harris, John, labourer, Yonge street. 
Harris, Misses, boarding-house, Yonge 

street. 

Harris, T. D., ironmonger, 68 King st. 
Harris, Rev. Mr., minister of Scotch 

church, Bay street. 

Harris, Wm., grocery store, King st. w. 
Harris, Rev. J. H., D.D., principal of 

U. C. College, at the college. 



Harrison, Simon, bookbinder, Hospital 
street. 

Harrison, Richard, grocery, Kingston 
road. 

Harrison, Robert, yeoman, Lot st. west. 

Hart, John, painter, Jordan street. 

Hart & Co., wholesale commission mer 
chants, 201 King street. 

Hartney, Patrick, late Barrack master, 
34 Market street. 

Harvey, Nicholas, bellman at Burke s, 
King street. 

Hatterick, James, printer, Patriot office. 

Hayes, Patrick, blacksmith, Church lane. 

Hayes, Matthew, Three Loggerheads 
Inn, Yonge street. 

Haythorn, Thos., tailor, Jordan street. 

Hayton, John, labourer, Richmond st. 

Haywood, Benj., carpenter, Newgate st. 

Haverty, Thos., gentleman, Har ley s 
Tavern, New street. 

Hawke, Robert, general clothing estab 
lishment, 77 King street. 

Hawke, A. B., superintendent of Emi 
grant Department, Lot street west. 

Hawkins, Andrew, Gov t messenger. 

Haydon, Wm., Yonge street road. 

Hay, John, boarding-house, 10 King st. 
east. 

Haye, De la, J. P., French master U. 
C. College, at the college. 

Heather, W., bricklayer and surveyor. 
Park, near Windmill. 

Herson, George, blacksmith, Lot st. w. 

Heathcote, George, gentleman, Hospital 
street. 

Heenan, David, labourer, Jordan street. 

Heerson, Patrick, labourer, Market st. 

Herson, Michael, fisherman, Bay shore. 

Hector, Thos., Hospital street west. 

He] li well & Brothers, brewers, Market 

square. 

[ Henderson, Edward, tailor, Yonge st. 
road. 

Henderson, Patrick, labourer, Duchess 
street. 

Henderson, Robert, boot and shoemaker, 
Stewart s block. 

Henderson, David, blacksmith, Toronto 
street. 

Henderson, Edward, tailor, 166 King st. 

Henderson, James, land agent, Chew 
ett s buildings, King street. 

Henderson, George, Edinburgh Castle 
Tavern, Church street. 

Henderson, Hugh, Albion Tavern, 
Church street. 

Henderson, Joseph, lime burner, Park. 

Henderson, Patrick, Duchess street. 

Henry, James, tailor, Newgate street. 

Henry, James, auctioneer, Church st. 

Hensleigh, J., cashier Truscott & Co. s 
bank. 

Hepburn, Wm., gentleman, Lot st. west. 

Hepburn, David, tailor, Richmond st. 

Heron, George, .hair cutter, 108 King st. 



LANDMARKS OF TORONTO. 



137 



Hetherington, George, chairmaker, 158 
King street. 

Heughen, Joseph, hair cutter and per 
fumer, 136 King street. 

Heward, Henry C., clerk of the District 
Court, Caroline street. 

Heward, William, yeoman, Kingston rd. 

Heyden, Michael, labourer, Lot st. west. 

Hickman, Wm., barber, Front street. 

Hickley, Mrs., James street. 

Higgins, Wm., high constable, 148 King 
street. 

Higgins, Capt., Princes street. 

Hill, Wm., carpenter, Broad lane, York 
street. 

Hill, Joseph, carpenter, Newgate street. 

Hill, Mrs., widow, Newgate street. 

Hill, John, labourer, Elizabeth street. 

Hill, Samuel, carpenter, 38 King street. 

Hill, Misses, milliners, 38 King street. 

Hillock, Francis, cooper, Newgate st. 

Hillock, Edward, cooper, Macaulay lane. 

Hitchings, Edward, Jaw student, at 
Robert Baldwin s, King street. 

Hincks, F., bookkeeper, Farmer s bank. 

Hinds, Patrick, plasterer, Lot st. east. 

Hodgin, Wm., butcher, Yonge st. road. 

Hodgson, Joseph, tinsmith, 51 Yonge st. 

Hogg, John, labourer, Lot street west. 

Hollister, John, deputy sheriff, at the 
Court House. 

Holden, John, Four All s Tavern, March 
street. 

Holmes, Speirs & Co., wholesale mer 
chants, King street west. 

Hopkins, Capt. W. R., Lot street west. 

Hopkins, Benjamin, sailor, Duke street. 

Hopkins, James, brickmaker, Stewart s 
block. 

Hornby, Dr., 46 Newgate street. 

Horne, Samuel, boot and shoemaker, 
Wilmot place. 

Horne, R. C., Yonge street road, assist 
ant cashier, U. C. Bank. 

Horton, Col., 15th Regt., Lot st. west. 

Horsley, Robert, Half-Moon Inn, Newst. 

Hospital, west end of King street. 

Houghton, George, clerk of works, en 
gineer department, Lot street west. 

Howard, J. S., postmaster, Duke street. 

Howard, John G., architect and civil 
engineer, land surveyor, etc., and 
drawing master U. C. College, Chew- 
ett s buildings, King street. 

Howard, Robert, Race Horse Tavern, 
Church street. 

Howard, Edward, carter, Church street. 

Hudson, Wm., Market square. 

Hudson, Phineas, tailor, 18 Hospital st. 

Hudson, Wm., bricklayer, Newgate st. 

Hudson, David, merchant, Princes st. 

Hughes, James, carter, Hospital st. 

Hughes, John, bricklayer, 21 Lot st. 

Hughes, Wm., mason, Lot st. west. 

Hugill. John, 107 King street. 

Humphrey, Caleb, carpenter, Toronto st. 



Hume, Stephenson, bookseller and sta 
tioner, 21 Yonge street. 

Humphrey, Josiah, carpenter, Eliza 
beth street. 

Humphries, ., teacher of singing, Lot 
street west. 

Hunter, James, tailor, Yonge street. 

Hunter, Samuel, labourer, Yonge st. 

Hunter, James, labourer, Newgate st. 

Hunt, Thos., labourer, 42 Hospital st. 

Hunt, Charles, gentleman, 33 Newgate 
street. 

Hunter, Wilson, brickmaker, near the 
Windmill. 

Kurd, S. P., Capt., Front street, near 
the Garrison. 

Hushen, Patrick, labourer, John st. 

Hussey, Eliza, school, 10 Lot street. 

Hutcheson, J., City Hotel, Front street. 

Hutchinson, John, blacksmith, Duke st. 

Hutchinson, Widow, Duke street. 

Hutchinson, Wm., bricklayer and mason, 
March street. 

Hutchinson, John, sailor, Market street. 

Hutchinson, Thos., carter, Hospital st. 

Huton, James, labourer, Broad lane, 
York street. 

Huton, Wm., carpenter. Broad lane, 
York street. 

Independent Chapel, Market lane. 

Infant School, Hospital street. 

Inspector General s Office, Parliament} 
buildings, Front street. 

Inspector of Licenses, Hon. A. McDonell r 
Newgate street. 

Iredale, John, tinsmith, 17 Lot street. 

Iredale, Jeremiah, tinsmith, 17 Lot st. 

Iredale, Wm., painter, 2 Yonge street. 

Iredale, Ishmael, Hospital street. 

Jackes, Wm., baker, 64 King street. 

Jackes, Wm., grocery store, 9 Lot st. 

Jackson, Francis, tailor, York street. 

Jackson, Henry, watch maker, New st. 

Jacques, John, cabinet maker, 233 King 
street. 

James, Robert, carpenter, Lot st. east. 

James, Widow, March street. 

James, Robert, drover, Hospital st. 

James, John, steam saw mills, tavern, 
Kingston road. 

Jameson, R. S., Attorney-General, 94 
Newgate street, Bishop s buildings. 

Jameson, Wm., Boulton s block, Lot st. 

Jamieson, Jarnes, boot and shoemaker, 
220 King street. 

Jarvis, W. B., sheriff of the Home Dis 
trict, Rosedale, Yonge st. road. 

Jarvis, Stephen, Usher Black Rod, Rose- 
dale, Yonge street road. 

Jarvis, S. P., Clerk of Crown in Chan 
cery, Lot street east. 

Jefferey s Academy, Toronto street. 

Jenkins, Wm., carpenter, Yonge st. rd. 

Jessopp, Henry, boot and shoemaker. 

Church street. 
i Jex, Robert, confectioner, 173 King st. 



LANDMARKS OF TORONTO. 



Jewell, Richard, labourer, Broad lane, 

York street. 

Jobbitt, James, tailor, Richmond st. 
Jobbitt, Joseph, carpenter, Hospital st. 
Johnson, John, waggon maker, 33 Lot 

street. 

Johnson, Win., turner, 53 Yonge st. 
Johnson, George, painter, Broad lane, 

York street. 

Johnson, Mrs.. March street. 
Johnson, James, labourer, March street. 
Johnson, Arthur, labourer, March st. 
Johnson, Margaret, widow, Toronto st. 
Johnston, James, boot and shoemaker, 

35 King street. 
Johnston, Hugh, bricklayer, Upper 

George street. 

Johnston, Mrs. Almira, Hospital st. 
Jollands, Benjamin, tailor, 2 Yonge st. 
Jones, Thoma-s Mercer, Commissioner 

Canada Company, Front st., cor. York. 
Jones, Patrick, blacksmith, Palace st. 
Joslin, Daniel, bricklayer, Caroline st. 
Joseph, John, Esq., private secretary 

Lieutenank-Governor. 
Judges Chambers, Public buildings, 

Front street. 
Kane, Patrick, White Swan Tavern, 26 

Lot street. 
Kane, Michael, spirit store, 25 Yonge 

street. 

Kearney, James, waggon maker, New 
gate street. 
Keating, Michael, tavern and chop house, 

King street west. 
Keele, W. C., attorney, land agent, etc., 

King street west. 
Kelley, M., barber and hair dresser, 

Yonge street. 
Kelly, Robert, clerk Canada Company s 

office, Palace street. 
Kelly, Widow, Market street. 
Kempt, Capt. John, Teraulay street. 
Kendrick, G. B. R., tavern, Lot st. w. 
Kendrick, Andrew, carpenter, Duchess 

street. 
Kendrick, Josiah, constable, Police 

office. 

Kennedy, Mrs., Duke street. 
Kennedy, Mrs., Richmond street. 
Kennedy, Win., gentleman, James st. 
Kennedy, James, wheelwright, Lot st. 

west. 

Kennedy, John, carpenter, 18 Lot st. 
Kenrick, J. S., shoemaker, York street. 
Kent, Mrs., 5 King street east. 
Kent, John, preparatory master L T . C. 

College. 

Kerr, John, tavern. Palace street. 
Kerr, Wm., carpenter, New street. 
Kerr, Joseph, Jabourcr, Dummer st. 
Ketch urn, Jesse, 37 Yonge street. 
Ketclium, Wm., tanner, 37 Yonge at. 
Kewan, Robert, labourer, William st. 
Kidd, James, bricklayer, 28 King st. 
Kilgore, Janitis, labourer, Newgate st. 



King, Wm., butcher, Caroline street. 
King, John, Dr., M.D., Front street, cor 
ner of Yonge street. 
King, James, attorney, Newgate st. 
King Alfred Tavern, Job Baker, 198 

King street. 

Kingsmill, George, Teraulay street. 
Kinnear, Thos., gentleman, 220 King st. 
Kinsley, Matthew, carpenter, March st. 
Kirk, Mrs., Blue Bonnet Tavern, Yonge 

street. 

Kirk, Mrs., March street. 
Kirkwood, John, shoemaker, March st. 
Kirkup, Wm., tinsmith, 59 King st. 
Kirby, Thos., at Chief Justice s, Lot st. 

west. 

Kitson, John, cabinet maker, King st. w. 
Kitson, Daniel, shoemaker, Hospital st. 
Kliser, Jacob, watchmaker, Duchess st. 
Knott, Benj., Blue and Poland starch 

factory, on the Peninsula, across the 

bay. 

Knott, Elizabeth, widow, 172 King st. 
Lacup, Thos., shopman at Northcote s, 

King street. 

Lackie, Mrs., Lot street west. 
Lafferty, Wm., carter, Stewart s lane. 
Laily, Thomas, grocery and provisions, 

Richmond street. 

Laing, John, gentleman, Yonge street. 
Lake, Thos., carpenter, New street. 
Lamontaine, Charles, blacksmith, Duke 

street. 

Lampson, John, teamster, Duke street. 
Lane & McDonell, land agents, 184 King 

street. 

Lang, John, plasterer, Duchess street. 
Lang, Abraham, grocery, Yonge st. 
Lang, Rev. M., Methodist minister, New 
gate street east. 

Lang, Dr. Medical Hall, 87 King st. 
Langjey, Wm., shoemaker, 7 Lot st. 
Langin, James, labourer, New street. 
Langdrill, Francis, butcher, Ontario st. 
Langclrill, Wm., labourer, near the 

Windmill. 
Lanson, D. H., boot and shoemaker, 

Kingston road. 
Lapsley, Wm., general store, 122 King 

street. 
Laskey, Daniel, cooper and millwright, 

Kingston road. 

Latham, Jacob, builder, Duke street. 
Latham, Henry, student-at-law with J. 

E. Small. 

Lawless, ., at Dutcher s iron foundry. 
Laurie, A. & Co., wholesale and retail 

dry goods, 195 King street. 
Law, Edmond, gentleman, at Keating s, 

Kig street. 

Lawrence, J. H., printer, Guardian of 
fice, Lot street east. 
Lawrence, Monis, York Hotel, King st 

east. 

Lawson, Joseph, carter, Lot street. 
Leary, Mrs., Yonge street. 



LANDMARKS OF TORONTO. 



139 



Lawson s general clothing establish- 

ment, 187 King street. 
Leach, Francis, painter, Broad lane, 

York street. 

Leadly, Henry, skin dresser, Lot st. w. 
Leckie, James, clerk Adjutant-General s 

office, Spadina avenue. 
~Lee, Joseph, East York store, 39 King 

street. 

Lee, John, labourer, Newgate st. west. 
Lee, John, plumber, Newgate street. 
Lee, Samuel, joiner, 51 Lot street. 
Lee, Wm. H., clerk PJxecutive Council, 

Lot street west. 

Lee, Joseph S., clerk in the U.C. Bank. 
Leek & Hall, soap and candle manufac 
turers, Palace street, Bay shore. 
Legge, Alex., grocery store, wines, 22 

King street. 

Lennard, ., at Butcher s iron foundry. 
Lennon, George, carpenter, Lot st. w. 
Lesslie, Wm., 204 King street. 
Lesslie & Sons, booksellers, stationers 

and druggists, 110 1-2 King street. 
Lester, Wm., tailor, Teraulay street. 
Leuty, Joseph, gentleman, 76 Lot st. w. 
Levie s clothing store, Market square. 
Lewis, Alex., grocery, 178 King street. 
Lewis, Wm., carpenter, Kingston road. 
Leys, John, engineer, Lot street. 
Lindsay, John, carpenter, Boulton s 

block, Lot street west. 
Lindsay, Wm., tailor, Ontario street. 
Linfoot, John, butcher, Yonge st. road. 
Linfoot, Thos., cabinet maker, Teraulay 

street. 
Lizars, Henry, assistant draftsman, Sur. 

Gen. office, Lot street west. 
Logan, ., on Hon. McGill s property, 

Richmond street. 

Logan, John, labourer, Broad lane. 
Logan, Wm., labourer, Lot st. east. 
London, Wm., labourer, Upper George 

street. 
Longmore, James, printer, 28 Hospital 

street. 

Love, Henry, sailor, Lot street east. 
Loughman, Wm., tailor, Newgate st. 

west. 
Lowry, John, boot and shoemaker, 

George street. 

Lowther, John, labourer, Ontario st. 
Lucas, Mrs. Captain, Lot street west. 
Lumsden, Mrs., provision store, 33 King 

street. 
Lyness, Richard, lath render, Berkeley 

street. 
Lyness, Kennedy, lath render, Berkeley 

street. 

Lynch, John, brewer, Ontario street. 
Lynch, John, cow keeper, Front street. 
Lyons, Wm., Toronto Inn, Ypnge st. 
Lyons, Daniel, labourer, Henrietta st. 
Lynn, Widow, Hospital street. 
Lynn, Robert, surveyor and civil en 
gineer, at Mr. Leuty s, Lot st. west. 



Lysett, John, boot and shoemaker, 97 

King street. 
Mabbitt, James, blacksmith, Hospital 

street. 

Macaulay, The Hon. J. B., one of the 
Puisne Judges K.B., 52 Front street. 
Macaulay, Capt. J. S., Peter street. 
Macaulay, Mrs., Peter street. 
Macaulay, Rev. Mr., of the District 

school, Church street. 
Maddan, Patrick, Antrim Inn, near the 

Catholic church. 

Maddan, James, Belfast Tavern, Mar 
ket lane. 

Maddan, James, labourer, Duchess st. 
Madill, John, labourer, Newgate st. w. 
Mair, Thos., teller at the Commercial 

Bank, King street. 

Maitland, John, distiller, Palace street. 
Malone, James, carpenter, Lot st. w. 
Malone, Maurice, bricklayer, Market st. 
Malony, Wm., blacksmith, Market st. 
Mansfield, Robert, gardener, Spadina 

avenue. 

Mantac, John, labourer, Yonge street. 
Manuel, Joseph, carter, Hospital street. 
Mara, Thos., boot and shoemaker, Lot 

street west. 
March & Church, chair makers, Yonge. 

street. 
March, Wm., boot and shoe warehouse, 

120 King street. 
Marchant, Robert, carpenter, corner 

York and Hospital streets. 
Market Clerk, Wm. Phair, 126 King st. 
Markland, Hon. G. H., 28 Market st., 

corner York street. 
Marion, Widow, King street east. 
Marriage License office, Andrew Mer 
cer, Bay street. 

Martin, Wm., labourer, Lot st. west. 
Martin, Joseph, 40 Hospital street. 
Martin, Joseph, bricklayer, 192 King st. 

west. 

Mash, John, blacksmith, Kingston road. 
Mason & Barber, engineers, Lot st. east. 
Masonic Lodge, Market lane. 
Masterson, H. C., auctioneer, 60 King 

street. 

Masterson, Michael labourer, March st. 
Mather, Wm., grocery store, Lot st. w. 
Mathers, James, merchant tailor, 81 

King street. 

Matthew, Henry, labourer, Henrietta st. 
Matthews, Henry, carter, Church st. 
Matthews, Robert, White Lion Inn, 

March street. 

Matthews, James, sailor, 25 Yonge st. 
Matthews, Rev. Charles, at the TJ. C. 

College. 
Maulson, Wm., labourer, at Lynche s 

brewery, Caroline street. 
Maxwell, Wm., gentleman, 237 Kingst. 
Maxwell, ., musician, 237 King street. 
Maxwell, J. E., Classical and Commer 
cial Academy, Market lane. 



140 LANDMARKS OF TORONTO. 



May, Thomas, Market street. j Moore, Joseph, boot and shoemaker, 

Maynard, Rev. G., at the U". C. College, j King street east. 

Mayne, Daniel H., East York District j Moore, ., butcher, Yonge st. road. 

school. i Morgan, Wm., carpenter, Broad lane. 

Mayhew, Charles, labourer, Dundas st. j Morne, Robert, labourer, Henrietta st 

Mechanics Institute, Market square. j Morrison George, carpenter, Beverley 

Meighan, Robert, storekeeper, 76 King i street, Lot street. 

street. j Morrison, Daniel, carpenter, Richmond 

Meighan, Michael, gentleman, Princes I street. 

street. j Morrison, Dr., Mayor of city, 57 New- 
Mercer, Andrew, issuer of marriage li- | gate street. 

censes, Bay street. I Morrison, J. C., student-at-law with S. 

Meredith, John, labourer, Lot st. east, j Washburn. 

Meredith, John, carter, Market street. Morris, Edward, gardener, Hospital st. 

Messenger, Mark, brickmaker, Duchess Morrow, Robert, labourer, Henrietta st. 

street. j Morrow, "Win., labourer, York street. 

Metcalf, Tbos. bailiff Court of Requests. | Mossopp, John, farmer, near Black Bull, 

Methodist, Wesleyan, Chapels, New- | Lot street west. 

gate and George streets. j Moseley, Henry M., auctioneer, King 
Methodist, Primitive, Chape.], Bay st. street east. 

Methodist, Independent, Chapel, Market Moseley, John, clerk in U. C. Bank, 

lane. King street east. 

Middlemist, Henry, carter, Lot street. Moule, John, gentleman, Walnut place, 

Milburn, Thos., general store, 79 King ! King street. 

street. j Mulcarrow, Michael, labourer, March st. 

Millen, Robert, carpenter, Teraulay st. i Mullin, James, carpenter, John street. 

Miller, Peter, tailor, Toronto street. j Munro, Alex., tailor, Yonge street. 

Miller & Co., coach builders, King st. \ Munro, George, George and Dragon Inn, 

Miller, Henry, labourer, Wilmot s place, i Church street. 

Milligan, Mrs., New street. J Munns, George, carter, March street. 

Milligan, James, boot and shoemaker, Muns, John, Teamster s Inn, Market 



Newgate street east. 



lane. 



Milligan, Joseph, tailor, Newgate st. Murchison, John, gentleman, Lot st. w. 

west. i Murchison & Co., tailors, George st. 

Mills, Thos., bricklayer, Lot st. west. Murfit, John, labourer, on the bay, 
Mills, John, bricklayer, Spadina avenue. | B ront street. 

Mills, George, gardener, Lot st. east, j Murray, Newbigging & Co., general 
Mills, John, hatter, 191 King street. wholesale and* retail merchants, 80 

Mills, Thos., coach builder, King street, j and 82 King street. 
Milne, Andrew, baker, 214 King street, i Murray, M. D., gentleman, Duke st. 
Milton, Peter, tailor, Broad lane, York j Murray, Mrs., Princess street. 

street. ! Murray, James, carter, 23 Lot street. 

Minnix, Michael, tailor, March street. Murray, Rodger, saddler, 49 Yonge st. 
Misset, Patrick, labourer, New street. J Murray, Charles S., bookkeeper in U. 
Mitchell, Rody, labourer, Henrietta st. C. Bank. 



Mitchell, Robert, carpenter, Lot st. w. 
Mitchell, Patrick, grocery, 28 Ybnge st. 



Murnahan, Francis, wheelwright, Lot st. 
Murphy, Wm., gentleman, G Hospital st. 



Mitchell, Mrs., Duchess street. j Musson, Wm., tin plate worker, 143 

Mitchell, John, plasterer, Wilmot s pi. j King street. 

Moran, Nicholas, boot and shoemaker, j Myers, Jaines, cabinet maker and up- 

Market lane. holsterer, King street west. 

Molesworth, Wm., labourer, March st. j Myers, W. A. C., printer, Graves street. 
Molloy, Mrs., Duchess street. j Myers, Wm., labourer, William street. 

Monahan, James, labourer, March st. ; McAllister, Mrs., Lot street. 
Monro, George, wholesale warehouse, ! McArthur, Peter, stone cutter, 1C New 

importer of British and India goods, j street. 

63 King street. I McBath, Temple, labourer, Lot st. east. 

Monroe, Win., gentleman, Palace st. j McBride, Samuel, labourer, Spadina 
Moore, Thos., merchant tailor, 79 King j avenue. 

street, corner Market square. \ McCastline, Robert, labourer, 37 Lot st. 

Moore, T., Crown Inn, 79 King street, j McCaffey, Patrick, boot and shoemaker, 

corner Market square. March street. 

Moore, John, wheelwright, 110 Kingst. j McCleneghan, Thos., yeoman, William 
Moore, George, grocery store, wines, | street. 

spirits, etc., King street. ; McClenchie, John, labourer, Elizabeth 

Moore, John, labourer, Newgato street. str;e f 



LANDMARKS OF TORONTO. 



141 



McClellan, Malcolm, tailor, Market sq. 
McClure, Robert, auctioneer, 161 King 

and Market street. 

McComb, James, blacksmith, New st. 
McCormack, Robert, working tanner, 

Bay street. 
McCormack, Robert, labourer, Hospital 

street. 

McCrum, Andrew, mason, Lot street. 
McCollum, George, tailor, New st. 
McCord, Andrew, city chamberlain, 

George street. 
McCord, Misses, ladies school, George 

street. 
McCracken, "Wm., boot and shoemaker, 

Church street. 
McCrandle, Robert, labourer, Newgate 

street. 

McDonack, James, labourer, Newgate st. 
McDonald, Duncan, at J. F. Smith s 

store, King street. 
McDonald, Archibald, wharfinger, 36 

Front street. 

McDonald, John, Inn, Market lane. 
McDonald, John, labourer, Jordan st. 
McDonald, Malcolm, bricklayer, Hos 
pital street. 

McDonald, John, dep. surveyor, Can 
ada Company office. 
McDonald, Hon. A., inspector of licenses, 

Newgate street west. 
McDonell, James, clerk in Government 

office, Lot street west. 
McDonough, Rev. Mr., of the Catholic 

church. 

McDougal, Peter, 10 Market street. 
McElderry, Edward, wholesale and re 
tail dry goods, 189 and 144 King st. 
McEnery, Denis, Farmers Hotel, Mar 
ket square. 

McFarlane, Finlay, baker, Iconge st. 
McFarlane, James, tailor, King st. east. 
McGhan, ., labourer, near the Wind 
mill. 

McGillivray, Archibald, labourer, Pal 
ace street. 
McGlashan, Andrew, tanner, 107 King 

street. 

McGorgan, George, labourer, Palace st. 
McGregor, Alex., Rob Roy Tavern, 70 

Tonge street. 

McGuire, Wm., carter, Stewart s lane. 
McGuire, James, gentleman, Lot st. w. 
McHag, Archer, labourer, March st. 
Mcllinurray, J., doctor, 1 Lot street. 
Mcllroy, Daniel, carpenter, Teraulay st. 
Mclntosh, John, M. P. P. 4th Riding 

York, 78 Yonge street. 
Mclntosh, Capt. Robert, 84 Yonge st. 
Mclntosh, Mrs. Charles, 86 Yonge st. 
Mclntosh, Mrs. Eliza, Lot street. 
Mclntosh, Capt. Wm., Lot street east. 
Mclntosh, John L., school, Lot st. west. 
McKay, Robert, wholesale and retail 
grocery store, wines and liquors 48 
King street. 



McKenzie, William Lyon, editor of the 
Constitution newspaper, office Tur- 
ton s buildings, King street ; resi 
dence, York street. 

McKenzie, James, printer, Turton s 
buildings, King street. 

McKenzie, Walter, clerk in Government 
office. 

McKenzie, John, groceries, wines, etc., 
227 King street. 

McKay, Alex., dry goods store, 46 King 
street. 

McKewan, Wm., labourer, Newgate st. 

McKeever, &c., boarding-house, Front 
street. 

McKillop, Hugh, labourer, near the 
Windmill. 

McKnight & Saxon, wholesale mer 
chants, Yonge street. 

McKown, Wm., blacksmith, Newgate st. 

McLafferty, James, painter, York st. 

McLean, Mrs., Church lane. 

McLeod, Thos., painter, Elizabeth st. 

McLeod, John, labourer, Yonge street. 

McLinton, John, carter, Yonge street. 

McMahon, Arthur, grocery store, March 
street. 

McMahon, Edward, chief clerk Govern 
ment office, Lot street east. 

McMannis, M., cooper, Newgate street. 

McMannis, John, labourer, Duchess st. 

McMannis, ., cooper, George street. 

McMannis, D., labourer, Lot street. 

McMasters, David labourer, Palace st. 

McMasters, James, labourer, Duchess st. 

McMasters, Win., at Cathcart s store, 
King street. 

McMichael, Robert, grocery store, New 
gate street. 

McMorris, Ann, 37 Lot street. 

McMurray, Thomas, watch and clock 
maker, 169 King street. 

McMurray, Samuel, clerk House of As 
sembly, Lot street west. 

McMullen, James, labourer, Jordan st. 

McMurtrie, James S., grocery and pro 
vision store, 39 Yonge street. 

McNamara, Matthew, carter, Lot st. w. 

McNamara, Patrick, labourer, Newgate 
street. 

McNeil, Hugh, cabinet maker, Yonge st. 

McPheal, Angus, tailor, New street. 

McStravick, Mrs., grocery, Market st. 

McTamany, Edward, .labourer, Dundas 
street. 

McVay, James, at Cormack & Co. s store, 
King street. 

McVicar, Angus. 

Nagle, Thomas. 

Nagle, Hugh. 

Nation, J-, 1st clerk Inspector General s 
office. Lot street west. 

Nealon, John, tailor, Palace street. 

Neeson, Michael, fisherman, Bay shore. 

Milburn s block. 
! Nelson, John, blacksmith, Newgate st. 



112 



LANDMARKS OF TORONTO. 



-Neptune, Inn, John Wesley, New st. 

Nesbitt, Francis, carpenter, near the 
Garrison. 

Nesbitt, Win., labourer, Richmond st. 

Newbigging, Jarnes, merchant, Yonge 
street road. 

Newman, John, boot and shoemaker, Lot 
street west. 

News Room, Commercial, Market build 
ings, King street. 

Nicholl, George, 69 Yonge street. 

Nicholl, George, tailor, 186 King street. 

Nicholl, Thos., carpenter, New street. 

Nicholl, Robert, labourer, Market st. 

Nicholson, John, White Horse Tavern, 
King street west. 

Nixon, Wm., boot and shoemaker, 19 
Yonge street. 

Nixon, Widow, Hospital street. 

Noble, Wm., wheelwright, Lot st. w. 

Northcote, Richard, grocery store, 146 
King street. 

North American Hotel, Wm. Campbell, 
Front street. 

Norton, Amos, Union furnace foundry, 
74 Yonge street. 

Nunan, James, boot and shoemaker, 
Kingston road. 

Nunan, Charles, labourer, near the 
Windmill, Park. 

Oakes, James, butcher, Princes st. 

Gates, Richard H., grocery store, 221 
King street. 

O Brien, Thos., boot and shoemaker, 
New street. 

O Brien, Denis, cooper, 45 Lot street. 

O Beirne, M. J., clothing store, 101 King 
street. 

O Connor, Michael, Inn, Market lane. 

O Connor, Daniel, labourer, March st. 

Ogilvie, Alex., groceries, wines, liquors, 
197 King street. 

O Grady, W. J., doctor, Lot street west. 

O Hara, Col. W., Lot street west. 

O Keefe, John, Harp and Crown, New 
gate street. 

Old Countryman Inn, 127 King street. 

Oliver, Thos., cabinet maker and up 
holsterer, Market street. 

Oliver, John, tailor, Broad lane, York 
street. 

Ontario House Tavern, corner of Mar 
ket and Church street. 

O Neill, P. J., cabinet maker, 102 King 
street. 

Orr, Wm,, baker, Upper George street. 

O Roche, James, gentleman, King st. 
east. 

O Reilly, W. H., attorney, 162 King st. 

Osgoode Hall, Lot street, at the top of 
York street. 

Osborne, Wm., land agent, 203 King st. 

Osborne, Misses, milliners, 203 King st. 

Owens, Richard, coach builder, King st. 
west. 

Owens, John, labourer, 4 Hospital st. 



Owens, Richard, carpenter, 42 Hospital 
street. 

Owens, Robert, labourer, Hospital st. 

Owens, Mrs., boarding-house, York st. 

Oxley, Wm., bricklayer, Park, near the 
Windmill. 

Oxendale, Wm., boot and shoemaker, 
Newgate street. 

Packer, Samuel, fisherman, Front st. 

Paddan, James, bricklayer, Spadina ave. 

Palin, Joseph, Hotel, on the Peninsula. 

Palmer, John, painter, March street. 

Paisley, Thos., labourer, Duke street. 

Paramore, Wm., carpenter, Lot st. east. 

Paps, Jacob, labourer, Hospital st. 

Parkinson, Reuben, wheelwright, Duke 
street east. 

Parrott, Frederick, labourer, York st. 

Parr, John, carter, Park, near the 
Windmill. 

Parsons, Timothy, straw bonnet and 
fancy warehouse, and Mechanics In 
stitute library, 108 1-2 King street. 

Partington, Mrs., small grocery, Church 
street. 

Paterson, P. & Sons, ironmongers, etc., 
wholesale and retail, 116 King street. 

Paterson, P., jr., dry goods merchant, 
199 King street. 

Paterson, James, labourer, Teraulay st. 

Paterson, John, cabinet maker, New 
gate street. 

Patterson, Mrs., Queen s Head Inn, 
Kingston road. 

Patterson, Mrs., Hospital street. 

Pattison, Henry, boot and shoemaker, 
184 King street. 

Pattison, Wm., labourer, Newgate st. 

Patchett, John, Jabourer, New street. 

Patrick, John, labourer, Lot st. west. 

Patrick, Charles, blacksmith, Lot st. w. 

Patrick, Wm. P., clerk in House of As 
sembly, Bay street. 

Patrick, James, painter, March street. 

Patrick, Alfred, clerk in House of As 
sembly, Yonge street road. 

Patrick, David, labourer, 20 King st. 

Patriot Newspaper office, Thos. Dalton, 
editor ; published Tuesday and Fri 
day, Chewitt s buildings, King street. 

Paull, J., All Nations Tavern, 92 King 
street. 

Payne, George, plasterer, Teraulay st. 

Peacock Tavern, Thos. Fury, Church st. 

Pearse, Samuel, turner, King st. east. 

Peel, James, Church street. 

Pearson, Joseph, cabinet maker, Hos 
pital street. 

People s Bank, New street. 

Perrin & Co., dry goods store, 106 King 
street. 

Perry, Edward, King street west. 

Perry, James, blacksmith, Duchess st. 

Perry, Robert, labourer, Lot street w., 
near Blue Bell. 

Petch, James, butcher, in the Market. 



LANDMARKS OF TORONTO. 



143 



Peterson, John, butcher, James street, j 

Pettit, Wm., labourer, Duchess street, j 

Phair, Wm., Bull s Head Inn, 129 King j 
street. 

Phoenix, Fire Assurance Co., R. Stan- 
ton, jagent, King street. 

Phibbs, Mrs., March street. 

Phipps, Thos., cryer Court of King s 
Bench, Hospital street. 

Phipps, Mrs., milliner, etc., Hospital st. 
west. 

Piper, Hiram, tin, sheet iron and copper 
ware factory, 30 Yonge street. 

Place, Elias, grocery store, near Don 
bridge. 

Platt, Thos., grocery store, 209 King st. 

Platt, Samuel, 94 King street. 

Platt, George, sheriff s bailiff, Hospital 
street. 

Playter, Emanuel, general store, Lot 
street west. 

Piggott, Charles, labourer, King st. w. 

Police Office for the City, Market build 
ings, King street. 

Police Office for the District, Court 
House, King street. 

Pollock, Thos., gentleman, Lot st. west. 

Ponsonby, Michael, labourer, Wilmot s 
place. 

Popplewell, John, painter, 190 King st. 

Porritt, Thos., blacksmith, York st. 

Porritt, R., "boot and shoemaker, Jor 
dan street. 

Post-office, Duke street. 

Potts, George, tinsmith, March street. 

Potter s Field Burial Ground, Yonge st. 

Powell, Grant, judge of Home District 
Court, 58 Hospital street. 

Powell, John, attorney, office King st. 

Powell, Mrs., corner York and Front 
streets. 

Powell, Mrs., housekeeper Parliament 
buildings. 

Power, John, Harp Tavern, Church st. 

Preston, Mrs. George, Lot street. 

Preston, Thomas J., tailor, 168 King st. 

Preston, Walter, tailor, Lot st. east. 

Prescott, Wm., carter, March street. 

Prescott, Wm., sr., labourer, March st. 

Presbyterian Chapel, Hospital street. 

Price, Joseph, yeoman, Yonge st. road. 

Price, Gr., sausage maker, Hospital st. 

Price, James H., attorney, 18 Yonge st. 

Priestman, Lythe, stonemason, York st. 

Primitive Methodist Chapel, Bay street. 

Proudfoot, Wm., president Bank of U. 
C.; residence, Duke street ; wholesale 
and retail store, 45 King street. 

Provincial Secretary and Registrar s 
office, Parliament buildings, Front st. 

Pullen, Hugh, small store, Yonge st. 

Purkiss, John, boat builder, James st. 

Queen d Head Tavern, Mrs. Patterson, 
Kingston road. 

Quinn, John, carter, Princes street. 

Quinn, John, weaver. Lot street east. 



Race Horse Inn, Robt. Howard, Church 
street. 

Radenhurst, John, chief clerk Surveyor 
General s office, Duke street. 

Radford, Joseph, carpenter, Kingston 
road. 

Ramsay, David, cooper, New street. 

Rankin, John, labourer, March street. 

Raper, John, steward on board Transit, 
Market street. 

Rapson, Wm., Cumberland Inn, 52 King 
street. 

Raynes, Charles, labourer, Park, near 
Windmill. 

Raye, ., tavern keeper, Yonge st. road. 

Read, Samuel, publisher of Youth s 
Monitor, New street. 

Reardon, Donald, labourer, Park, near 
Windmill. 

Receiver General s Office, Public Build 
ings, Front street. 

Red Lion Inn, T. Burns, Yonge st. rd. 

Red Lion Inn, W. Wallis, Market lane. 

Reed, Thomas, labourer, Maria street. 

Reed, ., clerk in Ferrin s store, King 
street. 

Rees, William, doctor, King street. 

Registry Office, 18 Newgate street. 

Reilly, Owen, labourer, Hospital street. 

Reid, H., bricklayer, Boul ton s block, 
Lot street west. 

Reid, Hugh, storekeeper and carpenter, 
Yonge street. 

Reid, John, steward, Osgoode Hall. 

Renshaw, Wm., shoemaker, Jordan st. 

Requests Office, Court House. 

Rennie, Alex., baker and confectioner, 
130 King street. 

Reynolds, Michael, printer, York street. 

Rice, Benjamin, Lot street west, Dun- 
das street. 

Richards, John, gardener, Yonge st. rd. 

Richardson, Capt. Hugh, 40 Front st. 

Richardson, Dr. Robert, 87 King st. 

Richardson, Rev. James, Bay street. 

Richardson, Thos., Blue Bell Inn, Lot 
street west. 

Riches, Samuel, carpenter, Lot st. w. 

Riddell, Thomas, baker, 80 King st. 

Ridout Brothers & Co., wholesale and 
retail ironmongers, and Birmingham, 
Sheffield and Wolverhampton ware 
house, 138 King street, corner of 
Yonge street. 

Ridout, George, attorney, Bay street. 

Ridout, Samuel, registrar of deeds, Lot 
street east. 

Ridout, Thos. G., cashier U. C. Bank. 

Ridout, John, attorney, 18 Newgate st. 

Ridout, Mrs. Mary, Duke street. 

Ridout, Edmund J., clerk King s Col 
lege Land office. 

Rigney, T., & Co., wholesale and retail 
comb manufactory and fancy store, 
165 King street. 

Ritchey, John, builder, 72 Newgate st. 



144 



LANDMARKS OF TORONTO. 



Rising Sun Inn, James Watson, New 
gate street. 

Roberts, Francis, labourer, Hospital st. 

Roberts, Joseph, Carpenter s Arms Inn, 
210 King street. 

Robertson, John, printer, 170 Lot. st. w. 

Robinson, Isaac, tailor, 191 King street- 
Robinson, Mrs., straw bonnet manufac 
turer, 191 King street. 

Robinson, the Hon. Peter, Front street. 

Robinson, the Hon. J. B., Chief Justice, 
Hospital street west. 

Robinson, James, labourer, Newgate st. 

Robinson, Mrs., Kingston road. 

Robinson, John, baker and confectioner, 
Yonge street road. 

Rob Roy Tavern, Alex. McGregor, 70 
Yonge street. 

Robson & Wilson, upholsterers and 
cabinet makers, 42 Yonge street. 

Robson, Mrs., provision store, Market, 
square. 

Roche, J. O., gentleman, King st. east. 

Rockinghain Arms Tavern, Samuel Tay 
lor, March street. 

Roddy, John, grocery store, 103 King 
street. 

Roddy, Joseph, labourer, March st. 

Roddy, Charles, carter, March street. 

Rogers, Joseph, hat manufacturer, 111 
King street. 

Rogers, Samuel, painter, 172 King st. 

Rogers, Wm., carpenter, Yonge st. 

Rogers, John F., printer, Albion office. 

Rolson, Wm., carpenter, Newgate st. 

Rolson, James, carpenter, Newgate st. 

Rolson, Thos., stonemason, Hospital st. 

Rolph, Dr. John, M.P.P for Oxford, 40 
Lot street. 

Rolph, Wm., labourer, Stewart s lane. 

Roman Catholic church, east of the city. 

Rose, Walter, second clerk. Receiver 
General s office, Lot street. 

Rose, John, bell-hanger, Hospital st. 

Roseberry, Joseph, Church street. 

Ross, David, storekeeper, New street. 

Ross, Capt. George, Duchess street. 

Ross, Wm., carpenter, Caroline street. 

Ross, George, carpenter, Lot street. 

Ross, Miss. Ladies School, Bishop s 
buildings, Newgate street. 

Ross, John, furnishing undertaker, New 
gate street west, corner of Peter st. 

Ross, John, cashier, Commercial Bank, 
207 King street. 

Ross, Donald, wines, groceries, etc., 
wholesale and retail, 149 King street. 

Ross, Wm. Chisholm, 149 King street. 

Ross & McLeod, dry goods store, 193 
King street. 

Ross, David, labrurer, New street. 

Ross, John, carpenter, John street. 

Rossi ter, James, Black Bull Inn, Lot 
street west. 

Rowand, Abraham, carpenter, Maria st. 

Rowed, Wm., carpenter, Hospital st. 



Rowe, Wm., gardener, Lot street, near 
Don bridge. 

Rowell, Robert, plasterer, Upper George 
street. 

Rowell, George, gentleman, New street. 

Rowell, Henry, brewer, New street. 

Rowell, Amos, labourer, Lot st. west. 
i Rowsell, Henry, bookseller and sta 
tioner, circulating library, King st. 
I Royal Engineer Office, John street. 

Roy, Joseph, painter, Caroline street. 

Roy, Thos., civil engineer, Peter street. 

Ruddock, Mrs., March street. 

Russell, Wm., Lot street west. 

Rutherford, Peter, stonemason, New st. 

Rutherford, Mrs., Richmond street. 

Rutherford, Alex., carpenter, 35 Lot st. 

Ryan, Thomas, Union Hotel, Market sq. 

Sampson, David, tailor, York street. 

Sanders, Thos., haircutter, Yonge street 
and Lot street. 

Sanderson, Wm., carter, 32 King st. 

Sanderson, Miss, dressmaker, 187 King 
street. 

Sandiland, Mrs., 18 King street. 

Savage, George, & Co., silversmiths and 
jewellers, 151 King street. 

Saxon & McKnight, wholesale dry goods 
store, Yonge street. 

Scadding, John, yeoman, on the Don. 

Scaling, John , saddler, Newgate street. 

Scallion, James, labourer, Richmond st. 

Scanlon, Owen, carter, Duchess street. 

Sceets, Nicholas, mould maker, 13 Lot 
street. 

Schofield, J. C., Farmer s Arms Inn, 
88 King street." 

Scholfield, Wm., plumber, painter, etc., 
King street west. 

Score, Richard, tailor, Duke street. 

Scotch Church, Church street. 

Scott, Mrs., King street west. 

Scott, Jonathan, butcher, Yonge st. 

Scott, Matthew, shoemaker, Caroline st. 

Scott? John, labourer, Hospital street. 

Scott, Adam, tailor, 180 King street. 

Scott, Robert, confectioner, 123 Kingst. 

Scott, Robert, carpenter, Dummer st. 

Scarle, Henry, Walnut place, King st. 
west. 

Secord, Stephen, teamster, Kingston rd. 

Secretary of Clergy Corporation, office 
public buildings, Front street. 

Secretary and Registrar of the Pro 
vince, offica publi:; buildings, Front st. 

Sergeant, George, bricklayer, Lot st. w. 

Sergeant, ., plasterer, Elizabeth st. 

Severn, John, brewer, Yonge st. road. 

Severs, James, labourer, Lot st. west. 

Sevens, James, assistant sexton Eng 
lish church. 

Sewers, Miss, milliner, York street. 

Sowell, Charles, watch and clockmaker, 
171 King street. 

Shannonhouse, James, saddler, at A- 
Dixon s, King street. 



LANDMARKS OF TORONTO. 



145 



Shannon, James, boot and shoemaker, 

113 King street. 

Shanklyn, Samuel, hatter, Yonge st. 
Shankland, .Robert, labourer, Newgate 

street. 

Sharp, Wm., carpenter, Elizabeth st. 
Sharp, Mrs., Spadina avenue. 
Sharp, William, boot and shoemaker, 

Yonge street road. 

Sharp, Luke, saddler, 115 King street. 
Sharp, Joseph, boot and shoemaker, 178 

King street. 

Shaw, Wm., carpenter, Richmond st. 
Shaw, Archer, cabinet maker, Upper 

George street. 
Shaw, Thomas watchmaker, at Ander 

son s, King street. 

Shaw, George, carpenter, Elizabeth st. 
Shaw, Samuel, cutler, 120 King street. 
Shaw, George, yeoman, Lot st. west. 
Shaw, Alex., yeoman, Lot st. west. 
Sheldon, Butcher & Co., foundry and 

steam engine factory, Yonge street. 
Shepherd, Paul, wood carver, Teraulay 



Shepard, Harvey, axe maker, Hospital 



Shepherd, Peter, brickmaker, Park, 

near the Windmill. 
Sherburn, Joseph, at Ketchum s, New 

gate street. 

Sheriff s Office, Court House, King st. 
Sherwood, Hon. Levius, P., one of the 

Puisne Judges of the Court of King s 

Bench, Yonge street road. 
Sherwood, Henry, M.P.P. for the town 

of Brockville, attorney, office Market 

square. 

Shields, Scott, carpenter, Market st. 
Shropshire, Charles, carpenter, Hospital 

street. 

Shore, Andrew, labourer, March st. 
Short, John, carpenter, 37 Lot street. 
Short, John, engineer, Duke street. 
Short & Connel, bakers, Duke street. 
Shuter & Paterson, wholesale and re 

tail china, glass and earthenware, 72 

King street. 
Shuttleworth, Misses, milliners, Upper 

George street. 
Sieber, Andrew, sausage maker, 106 

Newgate street. 
Sigsworth, John, wheelwright, Hospital 

street. 

Silver, John S., gardener, Spadina ave. 
Simms, Samuel J., carpenter, Hospital 

street. 
Simmons, Daniel, bricklayer, Spadina 

avenue. 

Simpson, Allan, bricklayer, Elizabeth st. 
Simpson, Robert, labourer, Hospital st. 
Simpson, Abraham, labourer, Lot st. w. 
Simpson, Alex., boot and shoemaker, 53 

Yonge street. 
Simpson, Wm., carpenter, Broad lane, 

York street. 



Skinner & Eastwood, paper manufac 
turers, Market square. 

Skillington, Thos., boot- and shoemaker, 
York street. 

Shillinglaw, Mrs., widow, Hospital st. 

Sleigh, John, butcher, Duke street. 

Sloan, George, groceries and provisions, 
York street. 

Small, James Edward, attorney, resi 
dence Duke street, office 237 King 
street west. 

Small, Charles Coxwell, Clerk of the 
Crown, Kingston road. 

Small, Mrs. Eliza, Duke street. 

Small, Wm., carpenter, 46 Lot street. 

Smart, Alex.<> boot and shoemaker, Yong 
street road. 

Smith, James F., groceries, wines and 
liquors, wholesale and retail, 141 King 
street. 

Smith, Charles, hair dresser, Church st. 

Smit^, Wm., Boultpn s block, Lot st. 

Smith, Ira, ^gunsmith, longe street. 

Smith, Wm., yeoman, Don bridge. 

Smith, Theophilus, at Lee s East York 
store. 

Smith, John Thomas, Dog and Duck 
Tavern, Market square. 

Smith, Thomas, shoemaker, Church st. 

Smith, John, waiter on Transit steam 
boat, Market street. 

Smith, Misses, Hospital street. 

Smith, John, tailor, York street. 

Smith, Wm., labourer, Broad lane. 

Smith, Wm., carpenter, Newgate st. 

Smith, Owen, tailor, Church lane. 

Smith, James, carter, Toronto street. 

Smith, ., boot and shoemaker, Eliza 
beth street. 

Smith, S. T., Inn, 14 King street. 

Smith, I. A., Yorkshire store, dry goods, 
114 King street. 

Smith, William Sampson, blacksmith, 
Kingston road. 

Smith, John, land agent, Kingston road. 

Smith, Edward, carpenter, Jarvis block. 
Duchess street. 

Snarr, John, plasterer, Upper George 
street. 

Snider, John, brickmaker, Berkeley st. 

Somerville, John, at the Gazette office, 
164 King street. 

Sower by & Little, blacksmiths, Lot at. 
west. 

Sparks, James, Park, near the Wind 
mill. 

Spencer s Lancashire store, 108 Kingst. 

Spencer, Mrs., Lot street. 

Spence, James, carpenter, Hagerman s 
block, King street. 

Spragge, Wm., clerk in Surveyor Gen 
eral s office. 

Spragge, Joseph, master Central school, 
Lot street west. 

Spragge, J. G., attorney, office 28 New 
gate street, residence William street. 



146 



LANDMARKS OF TORONTO. 



Spragge, J. B., land agent, Chewett s 

buildings, King street. 
Spreull, Samuel, grocery, wine and 

spirit dealer, 201 King street. 
Sproatt, Henry, carter, 184 King street. 
Sproule, John, wholesale and _ retail 

grocer, wines and spirits, 53 King st. 
Stabback, Miss, milliner and dress 

maker, King street west. 
Stanley, David, tailor, Chewett s build 

ings, King street. _ 

Stanton, Robert, printer to the Kings 

Most Excellent Majesty, Upper Can 

ada Gazette office; general printer, 

stationer and bookbinder, 164 King 

street ; private residence, Peter st., 

top of Hospital street. 
Stanton, James, clerk Executive Coun 

cil. 

Stanton, Win., 241 King street west. 
Stag Tavern, H. H. Clarke, Market sq. 
Staggs, Wm., gardener, Lot st. west. 
Staveley, John, tailor, 1C King street. 
Stead, George, boot and shoemaker, 115 

King street. 
Steamboat Inn, George Stephenson, Bay 



Steed, A., boot and shoemaker, 214 King 

street. 

Steed, Mrs., sta-ymaker, 214 King st. 
Steers, Thomas, Spadina avenue. 
Stegmann, George, groceries, wines, etc., 
hardware and dry goods, 66 King st. 
Steinson, Charles, Lot street west. 
Stenhouse, Peter, Blue Bonnet Tavern, 

Yonge street. 

Stennett, Wm., silversmith and jewel 
ler, 110 1-2 King street. 
Stephenson, Thomas, cabinet maker, . 

Yonge street. 
Stephenson, George, Steamboat Inn, on 

the Bay shore. 

Stevenson, John, Farmers and Mechan 
ics Hall, and saddler, Newgate st. 
Steward, ., carter, Dummer street. 
Steward, Wm., deputy collector cus 
toms, Carfrae place. 
Stewart, W. L., Royal Saloon, Church 

street. 

Stewart, Hugh, labourer Hospital 
Stewart, Alex., butcher, Elizabeth st. 
Stewart, Alex., carpenter, Newgate st. 
Stewart, Alex., fisherman, March st. 
Stewart, Henry, Bay street. 
Stewart, Alex., carpenter, Teraulay st. 
Stewart, Rev. Alex., Baptist minister, 



and house agent, 

76 Yonge street. 
Stewart, Robert, carpenter, March st. 
Btinson, Widow, Ontario street. 
Stinson, Edward, Dundas street. 
Stitt. James, high bailiff, Yonge 
Stone, Matthew, saddler, Church st. 
Stone, J., City Arms, Market lane. 
Stoue, Thos., carpenter, Richmond st. 



Stow, Mrs., Frederick street. 
Stow, ., clerk at the U. C. Bank. 
Stotesbury, Charles, candle and soap 

manufacturer, Newgate street. 
Strachan, Hon. and Ven. John, D.D., 

Archdeacon of York, 54 Front st. 
Strachan & Carey, attorneys, Chewett s 

buildings, King street. 
Strathy, John, land agent, King street. 
Strange, J. M., auctioneer and commis 
sion merchant, Yonge street. 
Street, Wm. W., clerk at the U. C. 

Bank. 
Street, T. S., student-at-law with W. 

H. Draper. 
Strong, John, boot and shoemaker, New 

street. 
Struthers, John, upholsterer, 235 King 

street. 

St. Lawrence Hotel, Market street. 
St. George and Dragon inn, Church st. 
Sullivan, Hon. Robert Baldwin, Duke 

street. 

Sullivan, Henry, doctor, 195 1-2 Kingst. 
Sullivan, Daniel, blacksmith, Yonge st. 
Sullivan, Jeremiah, blacksmith, Yonge 

street. 

Summers, Thos., carpenter, Ontario st. 
Summersides, Rev. Mr., Primitive 

Methodist minister, Bay street. 
Sun Tavern, corner of Lot and Yonge 

streets. 

Surveyor General s Office, public build 
ings, Front street. 
Swallow, Wm., cabinet maker, Upper 

George street. 

Swann, Mrs., Upper George street. 
Swayne, John, tailor, Elizabeth street. 
Sweeney, Daniel, boot and shoemaker, 

March street. 

Sweeney, John, carter, New street. 
Sweeney, John, tailor, March street. 
Sweetman, Matthew, carpenter, March 

street. 

Swinburn, James, labourer, Church st. 
Switnum, Mrs., Upper George street. 
Sylvester, Peter, labourer, Kingston rd. 
Sylvester, Samuel, boot and shoemaker, 

45 Yonge street. 

Taff, Reuben, labourer, Newgate st. 
Tapscott, George, storekeeper, Kingston 

road. 

Tariff, Wm., moulder, James street. 
Thew, Wm., boat builder, Front street, 

Bay shore. 

Taylor, Warren, smith, 21 Lot street. 
Taylor, Mrs., grocery, Lot street west, 

near the Black Bull. 
Taylor, John, turner, Newgate street. 
Taylor, ., coach office, Front street. 
Taylor, Thomas Horatio, attorney, 1^1 

King street. 
Taylor, S. E., dry goods store, 1 

Taylo? John F., clerk in Legislative 
Council, Lot street west. 



LANDMARKS OF TORONTO. 



147 



Taylor, Samuel, Rockingham Arms, 
March street. 

Teevan, Michael, constable, Richmond 
street. 

Teevan, James, boot and shoemaker, 62 
King street. 

Telfer, Walter, doctor, 44 Newgate st. 

Telfour, Andrew, carpenter, Boulton s 
block, Lot street west. 

Temple, Captain, Peter street. 

Theatre Royal, King street west. 

Thomas, Samuel, saddler. Hospital st. 

Thomas, Francis, bell-hanger, Jordan st. 

Thomas, James, labourer, Duchess st. 

Thomas, James, tailor, Emporium of 
Fashion, 184 King street. 

Thomas, Thos., Crown and Anchor Tav 
ern, Yonge street. 

Thompson, Mrs., Lot street. 

Thompson, James, labourer, Dummer 
street. 

Thompson, James, boot and shoemaker, 
76 King street. 

Thompson, James, carter, Henrietta st. 

Thompson, Francis, boot and shoemaker, 
Kingston road. 

Thompson, Mrs., Yorkshire Arms Tav 
ern, Newgate street. 

Thompson, Win., shipbuilder, Front st. 

Thompson, John, joiner, York street. 

Thompson, Robert B., grocery and pro 
visions, 183 King street. 

Thompson, Thos., shoe warehouse, 185 
King street. 

Thompson, Thos. Samuel, Market st. 

Thorns, Win., carpenter, Spadina ave. 

Thorburn, Miss, Elizabeth street. 

Thome, Thos., bricklayer, Lot st. east. 

Thornhill, R. II., 1st cierk land office, 
Lot street wes_t. 

Thornton, Francis, labourer, Lot street 
east. 

Thornton, John, sawyer, Duke street. 

Tiffey, John, labourer, Yonge street. 

Tims, Doctor, Lot street west. 

Tims, Henry, carpenter, Peter street. 

Tinning, Richard, timber dealer, Front 
street, on the Bay shore. 

Tinsley, Jarvis, bricklayer, Newgate st. 

Todd, James, carpenter, Teraulay st. 

Todd, Henry Cook, gentleman, 35 New 
gate street. 

Tod, Andrew, clerk in land office. 

Tolfree, Joseph, painter, 16 Hospital st. 

Torance, John, boarding house, Front st. 

Toronto Inn, Yonge street. 

Toronto and Trafalgar Inn, Church st. 

Toronto Royal Saloon, Church street. 

Toronto Medical Laboratory, Joseph 
Beckett, King street west. 

Townsend, B. D., Colborne furnace 
warehouse, stoves, hollow ware, etc., 
Yonge street. 

Townsend, Samuel, carter, Market lane. 

Tost, Henry, blacksmith, Lot street. 

Tracy, Michael, tailor, Newgate street. 



Tracy, Andrew, shoemaker, March st. 
Trainor, Hugh, St. Lawrence Hotel, 

Market street. 

Treasure, J., shoemaker, York street. 
Treasurer s Office for the Home Dis 
trict, Court House. 
Trotter, James, storekeeper, corner of 

John and .uot streets. 
Truscott & Green, Agricultural Bank, 

Front street. 
Truss, M. B., boot and shoemaker, 

George street. 
Turley, Edward, yeoman, 4-mile Tree, 

Kingston road. 

Turnbull, Robert, ta/ilor, Stewart s lane. 
Turner, Enoch, brewer, Palace street, 

near the Windmill. 
Turner, John, boot and shoemaker, 

Newgate street. 
Turner, Alfred & Co., wine merchants, 

King street. 
Turner, Wm., porter at Murray, New- 

bigging & Co. 

Turner, James, bricklayer, New street. 
Turner, James, sr., brewer, March st. 
Turquand, B., 1st clerk Receiver Gen 
eral s office, Parliament buildings, 

east wing. 
Turreff, Wm., spirit and grocery store, 

10 Lot street. "" 

Turpin, Wm., painter, Yonge st. road. 
Turton, Joseph, builder, Lot st. west. 
Tuton, Richard, chemist and druggist, 

Chewett s buildings, King street. 
Tye, Timothy, shoemaker, Church lane. 
Tyerman, Wm., labourer, Market lane. 
Tyner, John, boot and shoemaker, 40 

King street. 
Tyrrell, Edward, waggon maker, King 

street east. 
Tyrrell, Wm., waggon maker, King at. 

east. 

Underbill, George, sheriff s bailiff, Court 
House. 

Union Hotel, Thos. Ryan, Market sq. 

Upper Canada Bank, Duke street. 

Urquhart, John, chemist, 87 King st. 

VanBaerle, Capt., 42 Front street. 

Vance, James, watch and clock maker, 
139 King street. 

Vansittart, John G., gentleman, Hos 
pital street. 

Vaux, Thos., clerk in House of Assem 
bly, Yonge street road. 

Veltenair & Co., pianoforte makers, 17 
Yonge street. 

Vollor, James, labourer, 20 Hospital st. 

Vollor, Richard, bricklayer, Elizabeth 
street. 

Vollor, Joseph captain, Lot street east. 

Wakefield, Charles, shoemaker, Kitson s 
buildings, King street. 

Wakefield, Wm., auctioneer and com 
mission merchant, 155 King street. 

Walker, George, merchant tailor, 125 
King street. 



148 



LANDMARKS OF TORONTO. 



Walker, Robert, shopman at Lawson s, 

187 King street. 

Walker, John, brewer, Spadina ave. 
Walker, Charles, tailor, Lot st. east. 
Walker, John, collector taxes, St. Pat 
rick s Ward. 

Walker, Lewis, carter, New street. 
Walker, William, messenger, Surveyor 

General s office. 
Wallace, John, boot and shoemaker, 

Newgate street. 

Wallis, John, mason, Lot street east. 
Wallis, Wm., Red Lion Inn, Market st. 
Wallis, Wm., cabinet maker and up 
holsterer, King street west. 
Walton, George, clerk of the Court of j 
Requests, notary public, Chewett s j 
buildings, King street ; office in the j 
Court House, King street. 
Walton, Mrs. Matthew, Newgate st. 
Ward, James, labourer, 7 Yonge st. 
Ward, ., printer. New street. 
Ward, Sheldon, brickmaker and mason, 

Berkeley street. 
NVarren, Wm., boot and shoemaker, 

Market lane. 

Ware, Wm., china, glass and earthen 
ware, spirits, wines and groceries, 
wholesale and retail, 110 King street. 
Washburn, Simon, attorney, clerk of the 
Peace for the Home District ; resi 
dence Duke street, office Court House. 
Wasnidge, Exors. &c., ironmongers, 70 

King street. 

Watkins & Harris, sign of anvil and 

sledge, ironmongers, wholesale and 

retail, 68 King street. 

Watkins, John, carter, Hospital street. 

Watson, Richard, sr., carpenter, 20 

King street east. 
Watson, Richard, jr., tinsmith, 6-1 King 

street east. 
AYatson, James, Rising Sun Tavern and 

tinsmith, Newgate street. 
.Watson, James, labourer, Stewart s 

lane. 

Watson, James, carpenter, Lot st. w. 
Watson, Thos., boot and shoemaker, Lot 

street west. 
Watson, Richard, printer, Gazette ofuce, 

164 King street. 
Webb, Thos., boot and shoemaker, ] 

King street. 

Webb, Christopher, boot and shoe 
maker, Church street. 
Webster, Loron, printer, Broad lane, 

York street. 

Weeks, Samuel, druggist, 124 King st. 
Weir, Henry, boot and shoemaker, New 
gate street east. 
Wedd, ., College avenue. 
Weller, Wm., coach office, Front st. 
Wells, Lieut.-CoL, The Hon. Joseph, 

Davenport, near Spadina. 
Wells, George, student-at-law, Daven 
port, near Spadina. 



Welsh, Lawrence, provision store, March 

street. 

Welsh, Patrick, labourer, Church lane. 
Wesley, John, Neptune Inn, New st. 
Wesleyan Methodist Chapels, Newgate 

street and George street. 
Westland, James F., seed warehouse and 

store, 168 King street. 
West, John, Spadina avenue. 
Wheeler, Benson, butcher, 80 Yonge st. 
Wheeler, Mrs., Duke street. 
White, James, carpenter, Hospital st. 
White, Robert, labourer, Hospital st. 
White, John, turner, 4 Lot street. 
White, Isaac, bricklayer, James street. 
White, Wm., Yonga street road. 
White Lion inn, R. Matthews, March st. 
White Horse Tavern, John Nicholson, 

228 King street west. 
White Swan Tavern, Patrick Kane, 26 

Lot street. 
Whitlam, Thos., pump maker, Market 

street. 
Whitmore, Michael, Live and Let Live 

Tavern, 30 King street east. 
Whitney, P. F., cheap Irish store, 54 

King street. 

Whitesides, Arthur, Lot street east. 
Whitesides, \Vm., teamster, Spadina 

avenue. 

Widmer, Dr. Christopher, Palace st. 
Wightman & Co., straw bonnet ware 
house and dry goods, 153 King st. 
W T iggins, John, sailor, Market street. 
Wiggins, Simon, blacksmith, King st. w. 
Wigglesworth, Abraham, carpenter, 

Elizabeth street. 
Wiggs. Wm., general store. 
Wilcox, Leonard, Lot street west. 
Wiley, James, carpenter, Hospital st. 
Wilkinson, Christopher, carpenter, near 

Catholic church. 

Wilkinson, George, barber, 154 Kingst. 
William the Fourth Inn, John Harley, 

Market sruare. 
Williams & Vannatta, St. Lawrence 

Hotel, Market street. 
Williams, Reesor, blacksmith, Hospital 



cT T*ftG L 

Williams, Cornelius, toll-gate keeper, 

Lot street. 

Williams, Thos., labourer, York street. 
Williams, John, sawyer, Market lane. 
Williams, Mrs., provision store, 32 King 

Williams, Thos. 0., grocery store, 56 

King street. 

Williamson, Alexander Johnson, poet. 
Willard. Wm., carpenter Broad lane 
Willard, G. 13., Wragg & Co., 159 King 

wlllmott. II. E., cabinet maker, Peter -at. 
Willmott, Isaiah, York Recess, 1 

Avtllson Hill, constable, March street. 
Willoby, Win., coach builder, Yonge st. 



LANDMARKS OF TORONTO. 



149 



Wilson, John, waterman, Duke street. 
Wilson, Timothy, yeoman, Kingston rd. 
Wilson, John, mason, Lot street west. 
Wilson, John, carpenter, Broad lane, 

York street. 
Wilson, James, carpenter, Boulton s 

block, Lot street. 
Wilson, Stillwell, Golden Ball Inn, 

Yonge street. 

Wilson, Joseph, upholsterer, Yonge st. 
Wilson, James, labourer, George st. 
Wilson, John T., one of the masters, 

Central school, Yonge street road. 
Wilson, David, boot and shoemaker, 156 

King street. 
Wilson, James, boot and shoemaker, 156 

King street. 
Wilson, Alex., boot and shoemaker, 156 

King street. 
Wilson, John, boot and shoemaker, 217 

King street. 
Wilson, Hunter, brickmaker, Park, near 

the Windmill. 

Wilspn* John, boot and shoemaker, Hos 
pital street. 

Wilson, Mrs., Peter street. 
Wiman & ehanley, chairmakers, 194 

King street. 
Winder, Dr., Boulton s block, Lot street 

west. 

Wing, Mrs., York street. 
Winn, Misses, ladies school, York st. 
Winn, Michael, labourer, Market lane. 
Winslade, John, carpenter, Spadina ave. 
Wiseman, Howard, at Burke s auction 

mart, Richmond street. 
Wolstencroft, George, sexton, Potter s 
Field burial ground, Yonge st. road. 
Wood, Thos., labourer, 59 Yonge st. 
Wood, Mr., dentist, Newgate street. 
Wood, Alex., magistrate Home District, 

44 King street. 

Wood, Charles, labourer, Bay shore. 
Woods, Edward, bricklayer, Beverley st., 

Lot street. 

Woods, Richard, labourer, Market sq. 
Wordsworth, Richard, carpenter, 20 

Richmond street. 

Wright, John, carter, Lot street. 
Wright, Edward, Greenland Fishery 

Tavern, Front street. 
Wright, Thomas, grocery and provi 
sions, 167 King street. 
W T ragg & Co., sign of the Silver Mill 
Saw, ironmongers, wholesale and re 
tail, 159 King street. 
Wray, William, Yonge street road. 
York Auction Mart, \V. Wakefield, 155 

King street. 
York Recess, Isaiah Willmott, 100 King 

street. 

York Hotel, Monis Lawrence, King st. 
^east. 

Yorkshire Arms Tavern, Newgate st. 
Young, Thos., architect and surveyor, 
54 Hospital street. 



Young, Walter, labourer, near the 

Catholic church. 
Young & Warren, milliners, 30 Lot st. 

These names have been arranged for 
The Landmarks in streets according to 
the address given in the Directory, but 
there is no " street key " in the book 
itself, simply the alphabetical list given 
preceding. They run thus : 

BEVERLEY STREET. 

(Unnumbered.) 

! Morrison, George, carpenter. 
Woods, Ed., bricklayer. 

BERKELEY STREET. 

(Unnumbered.) 

Lyness, Richard, lath render. 
Lyness, Kennedy, lath render. 
Snider, John, brickmaker. 
Ward, Sheldon, briekmiker and mason. 
BAY STREET. 

(Unnumbered.) . 

Boyd, John, Classical and Commercial 

Academy. 

Brewer, Richard, tobkbinder. 
Carfrae, Hugh. 
Cassidy, Patrick, carter. 
Charters, James, labourer. 
Crisp, Thomas. 
Dell, Alex., working tanner. 
Dell, Win., boot and shoe maker. 
Do2l, John, brewer. 
Farrell, Patrck, carpenter. 
Gilbert, E. B., cabinetmaker. 
Grant, Alex., attorney. 
Harris, Rev. M.., minister Scotch church. 
Mercer, Andrew, issuer of marriage 

licenses. 

McCo-mack, Robert, working tanner. 
Patrick, William P., clerk in House of 

Assembly. 

Primitive Methodist chapel. 
Riofaardeota, Rev. James. 
Rido iit, George, attorney. 
Stewart, Henry. 
Summersides, Rev. Mr., minister Primi 

tive Methodist. 

BAY SHORE. 

(Unnumbered.) 
Connell, Richard, labourer. 
Groundrill, Richard, carter, Milburn s 

blo-,k. 

Herson, Michael, fisherman. 
Stephenson, Geo., Steamboat Inn. 
Thew, Wm., boat-builder. 
Tinning, Richard, timber dealer. 
Wood, Charles, labourer. 
Neeson, Michael, fisherman, Milburn s 



COLLEGE BOARDING HOUSE. 

Fenwi-jk, widd.v, mistress of College 
Boarding Plouse. 



150 



LANDMARKS OF TORONTO. 



CROWN OFFICE. 
Brayley, Henry, clerk. 

CITY COUNCIL. 
Daly, Charles, clerk. 

COLLEGE AVEJSTUE. 
King s College, to be built at end of 

College avenue. 
Ridout, Edmund J., clerk Kings Gol- 

lega Land Office. 
Wedd, William. 

COURT HOUSE-KING STREET. 

District Court. 

Court ot" Requests Office. 

Clerk ot the Peace Office. 

Metcalt, Thos., bailiff Court of Re 
quests. 

Morrison, J. C., student-o-t-law with S. 
Wiashburn. 

Police Office for District. 

Requests Office. 

Sheriff s Office. . 

Treasurer s Office for Home District. 

Underbill, George, sheriff s bailiff. 

Washburn, Simon, attorney. 
CAROLINE STREET, 
(Unnumbered.) 

Bishop, Paul, blacksmith. 

Chesney, Mrs. 

Clendinning, R. W., printer. 

Heward, Henry, clerk District Court. 

Joslin, Daniel, bricklayer. 

King, Win., butcher. 

Maulson, Wm., labourer at Lynch s 

brewery. 

Ross, Wm., carpenter. 
Roy, Joseph, painter. 
Scott, Matthew, shoemaker. 
CARFRAE PLACE. 

(Unnumbered.) 

Steward, Wm., Deputy Collector of Cus 
toms. 

CHURCH STREET. 
(Unnumbered.) 

Anderson, Thomas, carter. 
Battle, John, storekeeper. 
Bell, James, Toronto and Trafalgar Inn. 
Botsford, D-, Ontario House Inn, Mar 
ket and Church streets. 
Brown s wharf, foot of Church street. 
Crawford, Joshua, baker. 
Dunlop, Thos., Auld Lang Syne Tavern. 
English, Sam, Duke of York Inn. 
Evans, Richard, small store. 
Fairbanks, Levi, watchmake * 
Fairbanks, Mrs., milliner. 
Firemee s Hall. 
Fleming, John, constable. 
Foley, James, mariner. 
Fury, Thos., Peacock Inn. 
Geddes, Adam, tailor. 
Hamilton, James. Chamelion Tavern. 
Henderson, Geo., Edinburgh Castle tav 
ern. 



Hamilton, Wm., bootmaker. 
Henderson, Hugh, Albion Tavern, 
"lenry, James, auctioneer, 
rloward, Robt., Race Horse Tavern, 
rloward, Ed., carter. 
Jessopp, Henry, bootmaker. 
Macaulay, Rev. Mr., District school. 
Matthews, Henry, carter. 
Munro, Geo., George and Dragon Inn. 
McCracken, Wm., bootmaker. 
Partington, Mrs., small grocery. 
Peel, James. 

Power, John, Harp Tavern. 
Roseberry, Joseph. 
Scotch church. 
Smith, Charles, hairdresser. 
Smith, Thos., shoemaker. 
Stewart, W. L., Royal Saloon. 
Stone, Matthew, saddler. 
Swinburn, James, labourer. 
Toronto Royal Saloon. 
Webb, Christopher, boot and shoe 
maker. 

CHURCH LANE. 

(Unnumbered.) 
Anchor Inn. 

Brothers, Joseph, labourer 
Dolan, John, sailor. 
Elh ott, widow. 
Gray, Jamas, labourer. 
Hayes, Patrick, blacksmith. 
McLean, Mrs. 
Smith, Owen, tailor. 
Tye, Timothy, shoemaker. 
Welsh, Patrick, labourer. 
Catholic church, east of the city. 
Maddan, S., Antrim Inn. 
Maddan, Patrick, Antrim Inn. 
McDonough, Rev. Mr., of the Catholic 

church. 

Wilkinson, Christopher, carpenter. 
Young, Walter, labourer, near. 
DUNDAS STREET. 

(Unnumbered.) 
Fenneli, John, labourer. 
Mayhew, Charles, labourer. 
McTamany, Ed., labourer. 
Price, Benjamin D., Lot street west. 
Stinson, Edward. 

DON. 
(Unnumbered.) 

Fox, Henry, bricklayer. 
1 Scadding, John, yeoman. 

DON RIVER. 
(Unnumbered.) 

De Grassi, A. 

DON BRIDGE. 

Place, Elias, grocery store, etc. 
Smith, Wm., yeoman. 

DUMMER STREET. 

(Unnumbered.) 
Grimes, Geo., carpenter. 
Kerr, Joseph, labourer. 
Scott, Robert, carpenter. 



LANDMARKS OF TORONTO. 



151 



Steward, carter. 
Thompson, Jas., labourer. 

DUKE STREET. 
(Unnumbered.) 

Bank of Upper Canada. 

Birchall, T. W., managing director B. A. 
F. A. Co. 

Black, Thos., carpenter. 

British American Insurance Office. 

Briggs, Robert, carpenter. 

Broake, Daniel, gentleman. 

Campbell, Lady. 

Carroll, Nathaniel, carpenter. 

Connell, James, Baker. 

Felstead, George, gardener. 

Gill, Win., boot and shoemaker. . 

Graham, Bradshaw, gentleman. 

Hopkins, Benjamin, sailor. 

Howard, J. S., postmaster. 

Hutehinson, John, blacksmith. 

Hutehinfon, widow. 

Kennedy, Mrs. 

Lamontaine, Chas., blacksmith. 

Lampoon, John, teamster. 

Latham, Jacob, builder. 

Murray, M. D., gentleman. 

Paisley, Thos., labourer. 

Po t-office. 

Proadfoot, Wm., president Bank U. C., 
residence Duke street. 

Radenhurst, John, chief clerk Surveyor- 
General s Office. 

Ridout, Mrs. Mary. 

Score, Richard, tailor. 

Short, John, engineer. 

Short & Connel, bakers. 

Sleigh, John, butcher. 

Small, Mrs. Eliza. 

Sullivan, Hon. Robert Baldwin. 

Thornton, John, sawyer. 

Washburn, Simon, attorney. 

Wikon, John, waterman. 

DUKE STREET EAST. 
(Unnumbered.) 

Parkinson, Reuben, wheelwright. 

DUCHESS STREET. 
(Unnumbered.) 

Barnes, Robert, butcher. 
Boidy, James, labourer. 
Burial Ground, Presbyterian. 
Clark, John, tailor. 
Clinkunbroomer, J., tailor. 
Conlin, Patrick, labourer. 
Cornwall, John, labourer. 
Dears, John, bricklayer. 
Ferguson, Joseph, labourer. 
Forbes, Sam, butcher. 
Hand, B., labourer. 
Harland, Jeh?a, tailor. 
Henderson, Patrick, labourer. 
Henderson, Patrick. 
Kendrick, Andrew, carpenter. 
Kliser, Jarob, watchmaker. 
Lang, John, plasterer. 



! Maddan, Jas., labourer. 

Messenger, Mark, brickmaker. 

Mitchell, Mrs. 

Molloy, Mrs. 

J McMannus, John, labourer. 
| McMasters, James, labourer. 

Perry, James, blacksmith. 

Pettitt, Wm., labourer. 

Ross, Capt. George. 

ScanlOn, Owen, carter. 

Smith, Ed., carpenter, Jarvis block. 

Thomas, Jas., labourer. 

DAVENPORT. 

(Near Spadina.) 

Wells, Lieut.-Col., the Hon. Joseph. 
Wells, George, student-at-law. 

ELIZABETH STREET. 

(Unnumbered.) 

Adamson, Richard, carpenter. 
Andrews, Goerge, boot maker. 
Bell, John, carter. 
Blachford, Daniel, igentleman. 
Bower, Joseph, carpenter. 
Boyce, Richard, labourer. 
Bugg, John, carpenter. 
Child, John, joiner. 
Cody, Mary. 
Finch, Wm., carpenter. 
Flinn, James, carpenter. 
Gibson, John, ibrioklayer. 
Harper, John, carpenter. 
Hill, John, labourer. 
Humphrey, Josiah, carpenter. 
McClonchie, John, labourer. 
McLeod, Thomas, painter. 
Sergeant. , plasterer. 
Sharp, William, carpenter. 
Shaw, George, carpenter. 
Simpson, Allan, bricklayer. 
Smith, , boot and shoemaker. 
Stewart, Alex., butcher. . 
Swayne, John, tailor. 
Thorburn, Miss. 
Vollor, Richard, bricklayer. 
Wigglesworth, Abraham, carpenter. 

FREDERICK STREET. 
(Unnumbered.) 

Canada Company s office. 
Cameron, John, M. A., C. C. office. 
Cawthra, Joseph, merchant, Palace and 

Frederick. 
Cawthra. Wm., merchant, Palace and 

Frederick. 
Cull, Edward Lefroy, clerk Canada 

Company s office. 
Clunie, David, Baird, clerk Canada 

Company s office. 
Gait. Thomas, clerk Canada Company s 

office. 

Groves, John, Canada Co. s office. 
McDonald, John, dep. surveyor C. C. 

office. 
Stow, Mrs. 

FARMERS BANK. 
Clarke, P. T., discount clerk. 



152 



LANDMARKS OF TORONTO. 



FRONT STREET. 
(Numbered.) 

Exchange Office, Truscott & Co 26 

Buchanan Isaac, general wholesale 

merchant 28 

Ewart, John 

Bernard, H. G., horse dealer 

McDonald, Archibald, Avharfinger... 36 

Richardson, Capt. Hugh 40 

Van Baerle, captain 42 

Macaulay, The Hon. J. B., Puisine 

judge, N.B 52 

Coffin, Col. N., Adjutant-General 

Militia 60 

Crookshank, Hon. George 70 

FRONT STREET. 
(Unnumbered.) 

Agricultural Bank. 

Amos, S. 

Baldwin, Dr. W. W. 

Atorney-Genr .ral s office, Parliament 
buildings. 

Barnett, E. 

Bsikie, John, clerk Executive Council. 

Botsford, J. D., blacksmith, on bay 
shore. 

Bicket, James, gentleman, at Isaac 
Buchanan s. 

Bond, Richard, labourer, Milburn s 
block. 

Bonnycastle, Capt. R. H., F. st., near 
Garrison. 

Brooke, Philip, gentleman. 

Browne, Jas., wharfinger. *r 

Campbell, Wm., North American Hotel. 

Carfrae, Thomas, Collector of Customs. 

City Hotel, late Steamboat. 

Collector of Customs, Thos Carfrae. 

Collins, John, waiter, North American 
Hotel. 

Commissariat Officer, near the Garrison. 

Council Executive Chambers, Parlia 
ment buildings, 

Court of King s Bench, Parliament 
buildings. 

Cressell. Edward, issuer Com t Dept. 

Crown Office, Parliament buildings. 

Cull, Jas., jr., gentleman. 

Customs House. 

Durnan, John, Front street, near Gar 
rison. 

Durnford, Philip, clerk Surveyor-Gen 
eral s office. 

A. B. Hawke, superintendent Emigrant 
Office, Parliament buildings. 

Executive Council Office, Parliament 
buildings. 

Foot, Francis K., Assessment Commis 
sioner-General. 

Fozard, Wm., labourer, Bay shore. 

Francis, J., City Toronto Tavern. 

Freeland, P., eoap anl candle factory. 

Government Offices, Parliament build 
ings. 
Granthan, John, Old British Coffee 

House. 

Hawkins, Andrew, Government mes 
senger. 



Heneleigh, J., cashier Truscott Co. s 
bank. 

Hickman, Wm., barber. 

Kurd, S. P., captain, near Garrison. 

Hutcheson, J., City Hotel. 

Inspector-General s Office, Parliament 
i buildings. 

Jones, Thos., M., commissioner Canada 
Company. 

Judges Chambers, Public buildings. 
King, John W., M.D., cor. George. 

Lynch, John, cow keeper. 

Murfit, John, labourer, on Bay. 

McKeever, boarding house. 

Packer, Samuel, fisherman. 

Provincial Secretary and Registrar s 
Office, Parliament buildings, Front st. 

Receivers-General s Office, Public build 
ings. 

Robinson, Hon. Peter. 

Secretary of Clergy Corporation s Office, 
Public buildings. 

Secretary and Registrar of the Pro 
vince Office, Public buildings. 

Spragge, "Win., clerk in Surveyor-Gen 
eral s office. 

Stanton, Jas., Clerk Executive Council. 

Surveyor -General s Office, Public build 
ings. 

Thew, Wm., boat builder. 
i Taylor, coach office. 

Thompson. Wm., shipbuilder. 

Tinning, N., timber dealer. 

Torance, John, boarding housv.. 

Truscott & Green, Agricultural Bank. 

Turquand. B., first clerk Receiver-Gen 
eral s office. 

j Walker, Wm., messenegr, Surveyor- 
General s office. 

Weller, Wm., coach office. 

Wright, Edward, Greenland Fishery 
tavern. 

GRAVES STREET. 

Myers, W. A. C., printer. 

GARRISON AND BARRACKS. 

(West of city.) 

Nesbitt, Francis, carpenter, near. 

GEORGE STREET. 
(Unnumbered.) 

I Blighton, John, labourer. 
| Burton, William, labourer. 
I Cryan, Thomas, tailor. 
Goodman, Mrs. 
I Lowry, John, Ixjotmaker. 
Murchison & Co., tailors. 

McCord, Andrew, city chamberlain. 

McCord, Misses, ladies school. 

McMannis, ., cooper. 

Truss, M. B., bootmaker. 

Wilson, James, labourer. 

UPPER GEORGE STREET. 
(Unnumbered.) 

Anderson, Adam, bookbinder. 

Bosworth, Morris, carpenter. 

Bell, John, waggon maker. 

Brown, John, labourer. 



LANDMARKS OF TORONTO. 



153 



Bullivar, John, bricklayer. 

Carlos, James, boarding house. 

Davidson, Rev. Mr., Wesleyan minister. 

Farrell, John., carter. 

Farrell, Joseph, labourer. 

Johnston, Hugh, bricklayer. 

London, William, labourer. 

Orr, William, baker. 

Rowell, Robert, plasterer. 

Shaw, Archer, cabinet maker. 

Shuttle-worth, Misses, milliners. 

Snarr. John, plasterer. 

Swallow, William, cabinet maker. 

Swann, Mrs. 

Switnum, Mrs. 

HOSPITAL STREET. 
(Numbered.) 

Owens, John, labourer 4 

Murphy, William, gentleman 6 

Carlisle, George, baker 12 

Tolfree, Joseph, painter 16 

Hudson, Phineus, tailor 18 

Vollor, James, labourer 20 

Anderson, William, carpenter 26 

Longmore, James, printer 28 

Crowthers, Miss 30 

Martin, Joseph, African chapel 40 

Ferguson, AndreAv, bootmaker ; 
Hunt, Thomas, lalxmrer ; Farley, 
Samuel, lalx>urer ; Owens, Richard, 

carpenter 42 

Crispin, Richard, carter and grocery 

store 44 

Young, Thomas, architect and sur 
veyor 54 

Powell, Grant, Judge Home District 
Court 56 

HOSPITAL STREET. 

(Unnumbered.) 
Adams, Samuel, labourer. 
Auldjo, R. G., Government messenger. 
Barker, Mrs., widow. 
Bearcroft, John, gardener. 
Beatty, John Rev., Methodist minister. 
Boyd, widow. 

Brewer, William, blacksmith. 
Brooke, Richard, yeoman. 
Carter, Richard, carpenter. 
Chapel Presbyterinn United Synod. 
Chapel, Coloured People s. 
Chief Justice of Upper Canada. 
Clark, John, veterinary surgeon. 
Clark, Mrs., straw bonnet maker. 
Conway, James, labourer. 
Deval, William, labourer. 
Donaldson, George, carpenter. 
Duncan, Robert, tailor. 
Ferris, Mrs., boarding house. 
Fitzgerald, Denis, captain. 
Furnis, Joseph, carpenter. 
Gondy, George, labourer. 
Harper, Richard, carpenter builder. 
Harrison, Simon, bookbinder. 
Heathcote, George, gentleman. 
Hugh?s, James, carter. 
Hutch inson, Thomas, carter. 



; James, Robert, drover. 

Infant School. 

Iredale, Ishmael. 

Jobbitt, Joseph, carpenter. 

Johnston, Mrs. Almira 

Kitson, Daniel, shoemaker. 

Lynn, widow. 

Mabbitt, Janffs, blacksmith. 

Manuel, Joseph, carter. 

Morris, Ed., gardener. 

McCorinack, Robert, labourer. 

McDonald, Malcolm, bricklayer. 

Nixon, widow. 

Owens, Robert, labourer. 

Paps, Jacob, labourer. 

Patterson, Mrs. 

Pearson, Joseph, cabinet maker. 

Phipps, Thos., crier Court of King 

bench. 
I Platt, George, sheriff s bailiff. 

Presbyterian chapel. 

Price, George, sausage maker. 

Reilly, Owen, labourer. 

Roberts, Francis, labourer. 
j Rolson. Thomas, stonemason. 
! Rose, John, bell hanger. 
I Rowed, William, carpenter. 

Scott, John, labourer. 

Shepard, Harvey, axe maker. 

Shropshire, Charles, carpenter. 

Sigsworth, John, wheelwright. 

Simms, Samuel J., carpenter. 

Simpson, Robert, labourer. 

Shilling-law, Mrs., widow. 

Smith. ?vT-<ss"s. 

Stewart, Hugh, labourer. 

Tnomas, Samuel, sadiiiv-r. 

Vansittart, John G., pentleman. 

Watkins, John, carter. 

White, James, carpenter 

White, Robert, labourer. 

Wiley, James, carpenter. 

Williams, Reesor, blacksmith. 
i Wilson, John, bootmaker. 

HOSPITAL STREET WEST. 
(Unnumbered.) 

Burns, David, boot maker. 

Hanaven, James, labourer. 

Hector, Thomas. 

Phipps, Mrs., milliner. 

Robinson, Hon. J. B., chief justice. 
HOUSE OF ASSEMBLY. 

Bell, Aensas, principal messenger. 

HENRIETTA STREET. 
(Unnumbered.) 

Duggan, Dennis, labourer. 

Field, Robert, livery stables. 
, Lyons, Danie], labourer. 
I Matthew, Henry, labourer. 

Mitchell, Rody, labourer. 

Morne, Robert, labourer. 

Morrow, Robert, labourer. 

Thompson, James, carter. 

JAMES STREET. 
(Unnumbered. ) 

Clinkunbroomer, Exaverus, mason. 



154 



LANDMARKS OF TORONTO. 



Graham, Win., carpenter. 
Hickley, Mrs. 

JIushen, Patrick, labourer. 
Kennedy, Wm., gentleman. 
Peterson, John, butcher. 
Purkiss, John, boat builder. 
Tariff, Wm., moulder. 
White, Isaac, bricklayer. 

tfORDAN STREET 
(Unnumbered ) 

Balfour, George, tailor. 
Clark, Richard, bootmaker. 
Fennell, John, bootmaker. 
Gibson, Andrew, tinsmith. 
Hart, John, painter. 
Haythorn, Thos., tailor. 
Heenan, David, labourer. 
McDonald, John, labourer. 
McMullin, James, labourer. 
Porritt, R.. boot and sho=>. maker. 
Renshaw, Wm., shoemaker. 
Tnomas, Francis, bell-nanger 

JOHN STREET. 
(Unnumbered. ) 
Blake, Hume, student-at-law. 
Black, James, labourer. 
Mullin, James, carpenter 
Ross, John, carpenter. 
Royal Engineer Office. 
Trotter, James, storekeeper, cor. John 
and Peter streets. 

KING STREET. 
(Numbered.) 

Anderson, Thomas, watchmaker 1 1 

Smith, S. T., inn 14 j 

Staveley, John, tailor 16 1 

San/diland 18 j 

Patrick, David, labourer 20 

Legge, Alex., grocery store!, wines 22 
Watson, R., sen., carpenter; Feehan, 

George, labourer 26 

Kidd, James, bricklayer 28/ ( 

Whitmore, M., "Live and Let Live" 

tavern 30 

Cattermole, George, \vatchmaker 31 

Williams, Mrs., provision store; San 
derson, William, carter 32 

Lumsden, Mrs., provision store 33 

Burnside, Alex., do3tor 34 

Johnston, James, bootmaker 35 

Hill, Misses, milliners; Hill, Samuel, 

carpenter 38 

Smith, Theophilus; Lee s East York 
store; Lee, Joseph, East York 

store 39 

Tyner, John, bootmaker 40 

Baldwin, John S 42 

Wood, Alex., magistrate home dis 
trict 44 

Proudfoot, William, wholesale store 45 j 

McKay, Alex., dry goods store.... 46 j 

Gamble, Clarke, attorney 47 1 

McKay.. Robert W. R., grocery store 48 j 



Blain, Wm., boot and shoe* maker... 49 
Rapson, William, Cumberland Inn... 52 
Sproule, John, grocery wines whole 
sale and retail 53 

Whitney, P. F 55 

Williams, Thomas 0., grocery store... 56 

Armstrong & Beatty, shoemakers 57 

Denholm, George, dry goods store... 58 
Kirkup, William, tinsmith; Foster , 
Thomas, carter; Foster, William! 

carter 59 

Masterson, H. C., auctioneer GO 

Duggan, G., merchant, coroner; 
Duggan, Thomas, doctor; Duggan,, 

John O., student at law 61 

Teevan, James, bootmaker 62 

Monro, George, importer wholesale 

British and India goods 63 

Watson, Richard, jun., tinsmith; 

Jackes, William, baker 64 

Brent, J. W., apothecary drug-gist 65 
Stegmann, Geo., groceries, dry goods, 

etc 66 

Burnham, Silas, genera/ merchant... 67 

Watkins & Harris, ironmongers; 

Harris, T. D., ironmonger 68 

Burke & O Neil, auctioneers 69 

Wasnidge, Exors, ironmongers 70 

Shuter & Paterson, Avhoksald ani re 
tail china, glass 72 

Thompson, James, boot and shoe 
maker; Meighan, Robert, store 
keeper 76 

Hawke, Robert, general clothing es 
tablishment 77 

Codd, Mrs., dry goods store 78 

Moore, T., Crown Inn; Moore/, Thos., 
merchant tailor; Milburn, Thomas, 

general store 79 

Murray, Newbigging & Co.; Turner, 
William, porter at Murray, New 
bigging & Co s 80 

Mathers, James, merchant tailor 81 

Murray, Newbigging, general whole 
sale and retail merchants 82 

Arthurs, William, merchant 83 

Cosway, Robert, general store 84 

Atkinson, saddler 85 

Riddell, Thomas, baker 86 

Urquhart, John, chemist; Richard 
son, Roliert, doctor; Lang, Dr., 

Medical Hall 87 

Schofield, J. C., Farmers Arms Inn; 
Farmers Arms Inn, J. C. Scho 
field 88 

Glassco, Thomas, sen., bootmaker 89 

Farmers Arms Inn, J. C. Schofield 90 

Foster, James, bootmaker 

Paull, J., All Nations Tavern 92 

Fo3ter, Jam;s, bootmaker 93 

Platt, Sam 94 

Lysett, John, bootmaker 

Cary, N., barber W 

Willmott, Isaiah, York Recess 100 

O Beirne, M. J., clothing sLorc ...... 101 



LANDMARKS OF TORONTO. 



155 






O Neill, P. J., cabinet maker; Ed- 
woods, W. H., barber 102 

Roddy, John, grocery store 103 

Evans, Samuel, general clothing 
warehouse 104 

Craig & Potts, copper and tinsmiths 105 

Reed, ., clerk in Perrin s store; 

Per r in & Co., dry goods store; 
Cook, Mr. and Mrs., portrait pain 
ters 106 

McGlashan, Andrew, tanner; Hugill, 
John 107 

Spencer s Lancashire store; Heron, 
George, hair cutter 108 

Parsons, Timothy, straw bonnet 
house; Mechanics Institute Li 
brary 1081-2 

Bell, Thomas, merchant 109 

Moore, John, wheelwright; Webb, 
Thomas, bootmaker 110 

Stennett, William, jeweller; LessKe, 
& Sons, booksellers, etc 1101-2 

Duggan, George, jun., attorney; 
Rogers, Jcssph, hat manufacturer; 
Duggan, John, student at law Ill 

Christie, Alex., hardware store 112 

Shannon, Jas., boot and shoemaker; 
Croft, Edward, bootmaker 113 

Smith, J. A., dry goodj, Yorkshire 
store 114 

Stead, George, boot and shoemaker; 
Sharp, Luke, saddler 115 

Paterson, P., & Sons t ironmongers, 
wholesale and retail 116 

Badenach, William, grocer 117 

Hamilton, Alex, looking-glass maruur 
facturer, gilder, etc 118 

Clinunbroomer, Charles, watch 
maker 119 

Shaw, Samuel, cutler 120 

Taylor, Thomas Horatio, attorney... 121 

Lapsley, William, general store 122 

Scott, Robert, confectioner; Bell, 

John, attorney 123 

Weeks, Sam, druggist; Elmsi, Ed., 

hatter 12-1. 

Walker, George, tailor 125 

Phair, Williun, market clerk; March, 

William, boot warehouse 126 

Old Country Man Inn; Chisholrm, 
Alex., tavern 127 

Phair, Wm., Bull s Head Inn 129 

Rennie, Alex., baker, confectioner... 130 

Ellah, John, dry gootls 132 

Glassco, Thos., jun.,, hatter 133 

Ellah, John, dry goods 134 

Ferrier, Robert, baker 135 

Heughen, Joseph, hair cutter and 

perfumer 130 

Griffith, Thomas, bootmaker 137 

Ridout Bros. & Co., wholesale and re 
tail ironmongers 138 

Vance, James, watchmaker 139 

Ware, William, chinat groceries, 
wines, etc., wholesale and retail... 1-;0 



Smith, James F., groceries, wines, 
etc ........................................... 

Charles, James, importer British 
goods ............................................. 

Musson, William, tin plate worker... 

McElderry, Ed., wholesale and retail 
dry goods ................................. 

Erskine, Alex., confectioner ............ 

Northcote, Richard, grocery store... 

Cathcart, Robert, general dry goods 
store, depository Tract and Bible 
Society ....................................... 

Higgins, William, high constable ... 

Ross, William Chisholm; Ross, Don 
ald, groceries, wines, wholesale and 
retail ...................................... v - 

Savage, George & Co., jeweller.^, sil 
versmiths ....................................... 

Wighfmaji & Co., straw bonnet ware 
house ............................................. 

Wilkinson, George, barber ............... 

Wakefield, Wm., auctioneer, York 
Auction Mart ................................. 

Wilson, David, bootmaker; Wilson), 
James, bootmaker; Wilson, Alex., 
bootmaker .................................... 

Beatty, John, jun. k at Armstrong s; 
Armstrong, J. R., dry goods mer 
chant ....................................... 

j Hetherington, George, chairmaker... 

Wragg & Co., ironmongers, whole 
sale and retail, sign of silver mill 
saw, Willard, G. B., Wragg & Co... 

Coates, Wm. J., job printing office... 

Dick, Mrs., milliner; McClure, Robt., 
auctioneer; Benjamin Bros., im 
porters dry goods ........................... 

O Reilly, W. H., attorney .................. 

Bryce, Buchanan & Co., dry goods... 

Stanton, Robert, printer to the 

King s most excellent Majesty, 

U. C. Gazette office; Somarville, 

John, at the Gazette office; Wat 

son, R., printer, Gazette office... 

i Rigney, T. & Co., wholesale and re 

tail comb manufacturer and fancy 

store .......................................... 

Henderson, Ed., tailor ..................... 

j Wright, Thomas, groceries and pro 
visions .......................................... 

! Preston, Thos. J., tailor; Brewer, 
R., bookbinder; Westland, J., seed 
warehouse .................................... 

McMurray, Thos., watchmaker ......... 

! Sewell, Charles, watch and clock 
maker .......................................... 

j Rogers, Samuel, painter; Knotty 
Elizabeth, widow ........................... 

Jex, Robert, confectioner ............... 

Bostwick, Lardner, gentleman; Bost- 
wick, George, gentleman ............... 

; Hall, Miss, milliner; Hardy, Charles, 
clerk at Beatty s; Beatty, James, 
British woollen warehouse ............ 

Sharp, Joseph, boot and shoemaker; 



143 



145 
146 



147 
148 



149 

151 

153 
154 

155 

156 



157 
158 



159 
160 



161 
162 

163 



164 



165 
166 

167 



168 
169 



172 
173 

175 



17? 



156 LANDMARKS OF TORONTO. 

Lewis, Alex., grocer; Augustus, i College L^nd Office 222 

William, dyer 178 Jacques, John, cabinet maker; 

Dixon, Joseph; Dixon, Alex., British Fremh, Ri:hird, chur maker; Bar- 



saddlery 179 

Scott, Adam, tailor 180 

Taylor, S. E., dry goods store 181 

Connell, Mrs., muff maker and clean 
er; Connell, Wm., engraver; Ford, 

Robert, carpenter 182 

Thompson, Robert B., grocer 183 

Patron, Henry, bootmaker; Sproatt, 
Henry, carter; Lane & McDonell, 
land age.nts; Thomas, J., tailor, 



ron, George, Loot maker 223 

Grierson, Major, 15th Regiment 226 

McKenzie, John, groceries, wines... 227 
White Horse Tavern, by John. Nichol 



son 



Craig, John, portrait and house 



228 



painter 229 

Dalton, Thomas, editor and proprie 
tor Patriot newspaper 23J 

Struthers, John, upholsterer 235 

fashion" emporium 184 i Maxwell, ., musician; Maxwell, 

Thompson, Thomas, shoe warehouse 185 j Wm., gentleman; Latham, Henry, 

Nicholl, George, tailor 180 j student at law; Small, James Ed., 

Walker, Robert, shopman at Law- attorney 237 



eon s; Sanderson, Ms 3, dressmaker; 
Lawson s general clothing estab 
lishment 187 

Esmonde, John, tinsmith 188 



Stanton, William 241 

KING STREET EAST. 
(Unnumbered.) 



Popplewell, John, painter; Cope, | Bevan, John, cooper. 

William, painter 190 j Burns Tavern, T. Garlick. 

Robinson, Mrs., straw bonnet manu- | Dart, W. B., grocery store, carpenter. 

facturer; Robinson, Isaac, tailor; j Davis, Wm., Cavan Arms. 

Mills, Jo m, hatter; 191 i Hay, John, boarding house, No. 10. 

Martin, Joseph, bricklayer; Green- j Kent, Mrs., No. 5. 

up, Henry; grocery and provision I Lawrence, Morris, York Hotel. 

store 192 | Marion, widow. 

Ross & McL^od, dry goods store 193 j Moore, Joseph, bootmaker. 

Wiman & Chanley, chair makers ... 194 j Moseley, Henry M., auctioneer. 
Laurie, A. & Co., wholesale and re- i Moseley, John, clerk in U. C. Bank. 

tail dry goods 195 j McFarlane, James, tailor. 

Baldwin, R., Front street office; i O Heche, James, gentleman. 

Sullivan, Henry, doctor 195 1-2 ! Pearse, Samuel, turner. 

Carswell, John, watchmaker 196 Rcche, J. O., gentleman. 

Ogilvie, Alex., groceries , wines; Tyrrell, Ed., waggon maker. 



Baker, Job, King Alfred Tavern ... 197 

Baker, Job, King Alfred Tavern 198 

Paterson, P., jun^ dry goods mer- 



Tyrrell, Wm., waggon maker. 
KING STREET WEST. 
(Unnumbered.) 



chant; Connack & Co., wholesale ! Carpenter, James, provision store. 

and retail dry goods 199 ; Cleaver, Chas., chandler. 

Spreull, Sam, groceries,, wines; Hart i College, Upper Canada. 

& Co., wholesale commission mer- j Dewson, Dr. 

chants 201 i Dunlcp, Thomas, tailor. 

Osborne, Misses, milliners; Osborne, Dupuy, H., manager Farmers Joint 

William, land agent 203 Stock Bank. 

Leslie, William 201; Evans, Miller & Co., coach builders. 

Ross, John, cashier Commercial j Farmers J.int S ock Banking Co. office. 

Bank; Bank, Commercial, of Mid- I Government Office, opposite college. 

land district 207 j Governor s residence, opposite college. 

Forbes, Henry, grocery store; Platt, i Hamilton, James, land agent. 

Thomas, grocery store 209; Harris, Wm., prccery store. 

Roberts, Joseph, Carpenter s Arms Hincks, F., bookkeeper Farmers Bank. 

Ian 210 Holmes, Spears & Co., whl. merchants. 

Baker, John, Black Swan Tavern 211 [ Hospital. 

Steed, A., boot and shoemaker; Steedf, Joseph, John, Esq., private secretary 

Mrs., stay maker 214 to Lieutenant-Governor. 

Milne, Andrew, baker; Golding, E., : Keating, Michael, tavern chop house. 

boot and shoemaker 214 : Keele, W. C., attorney, land agent. 

Bickerstaff & Son, house painters... 216 Kitson, John, cabinet maker. 

Wilson, John, boot maker 217 Myers, James, cabinet maker. 

Baker, Charles, tailor 219 Nicholson, John, White Horse Tavern. 

Kin-near, Thomas, gentleman; Jamie- O.vens, Richard, coach builder. 

son, Jamas, bootmaker 220 P,?rry, Ed. 

Oats, Richard H., grocery store 221 Piggott, Chas., labourer. 



LANDMARKS OF TORONTO. 



157 



Scholfield, Wm., plumber and painter. 

Scott, Mrs. 

Searle, Henry, Walnut place. 

Stabback, Miss, milliner and dress 
maker. 

Theatre Royal. 

Toronto Medical Laboratory, Joseph 
Beckett. < 

Wallis, William, cabinet maker and up- 
holfterer. 

Wiggins, Simon, blacksmith. 

KING STREET. 
(Unnumbered.) 

Caprepl, F. C., gentleman, Walnut PI. 

Constitution newspaper office, W. L. 
MacKenzie. 

Cotter, John, new British Coffee House, 
Chewett s building. 

Court House. 

Crown Inn, Thos. Moore, and New st. 

Darling, R., grocery store, Chewett s 
building. 

English Episcopal Church. 

Flanagan, John, gardener, opp. Hos 
pital street. 

Foi d, George, coach spring maker, Wal 
nut place. 

Jail. 

Gilmour, H., clerk at Laurie & Co. s. 

Harrington, T. D., gentleman, at Tur- 
ton s, Chewett s building. 

Harvey, Nicholas, bellman at Burke s. 

Hatterick, James, printer at Patriot 
office. 

Henderson, James, land agent, at 
Chewett s buildings. 

Hitchings, Ed., law student at Robert 
Baldwin s. 

Hollister, John, deputy sheriff at Court 
House. 

Howard, J. G., architect and drawing 
master at U. C. College. 

Lacup, Thos., chopman at Northcote s. 

Law, Edrnond, gentleman, at Keating s. 

Mair, Thos., teller Commercial Bank. 

Miller & Co., coach builders. 

&Olls, Thos., coach builder. 

Mcore, Geo., grocer, wines, spirits, etc. 

Mule, John, gentleman, Walnut place. 

McDonald, Duncan, at J. F. Smith s 
store. 

MacKenzie, Wm. Lyon, editor Constitu 
tion newspaper, Turton s buildings; 
residence, York street. 

MacKenzie, James, printer, Turton s 
buildingp. 

McVay, Jas, at Cormacks & Co. s store. 

News Room Commercial, Market bldgs. 

Patriot newspaper office, Thos. Dalton 
editor. 

Phoenix Fire Assurance Co., R. Stan- 
ton, agent. 

Pollc?, Office for city, Market^ building s. 

Police Office for district, Court House. 

Powell, John, attorney, office. King. 



Rees, Wm., Dr. 

Rowsell, Henry, bookseller, stationer, 

and circulating library. 
Severs, Jas., assistant ssxton English 

church. 
Shannonhouse, James, saddler at A. 

Dixon s. 

j Shaw, Thos. .watchmaker at Anderson s. 
Sheriff s Office, Court House. 
Sp?t c?, James, caipsnter, Hagerman s 

block. 
Spragge, J. B.. land agent, Chewett s 

buildings. 

Stanley, David, tailor, Chewett s build 
ings. 

j Stow, clerk U. C. Bank. 
; Strachan & Carey, attorneys, Chewett s 

buildings. 

j Strathy, John, land agent. 
i Turner, Alfred, wine merchant. 
i Turton, Richard, chemist, Chewett s 

buildings, 
j Underbill, Geo., sheriff s bailiff, Court 

House. 
Wakefield, Chas., shoemaker, Kitson s 

buildings. 

Walton, Geo., clerk of the Court of Re 
quests. 

KINGSTON ROAD. 

(Unnumbered.) 

Ajshbridge, J., yeoman. 

Beard, Joshua G., gentleman. 

Bishop, John, jr., butcher. 
| Bolton, Edward C., school. 
| Bright, Wm., butcher. 

Carroll, Thos., labourer. 

Cook, W. C., storekeepar, near Don. 

Cornell, Ed., brickmaker. 
i Coulson, Corry, gentleman. 
! Craig, James, bootmaker. 
j Earnest, John, teamster. 
: Elliott, George, gentleman. 
j Foley, Wm., carpenter. 
i Galloway, Joseph, yeoman. 
i Gormley, J., labourer. 

Harrington, Jared, Bull s Head Inn. 

Harrison, Richard, grocery. 
j Heward, Wm., yeoman. 
j James, John, steam saw mills, tavern. 
| Lanson, D. EL, bootmaker. 
j Laskey, Daniel, cooper, millwright. 
i Lewis, Wm., carpenter. 
I Mash, John, blacksmith. 
! McMaster, Wm., at Cathcart s store. 

Nunan, Jas., bootmaker. 

Patterson, Mrs., Queen s Head Inn. 

Radford, Joseph, carpenter. 

Robineon, Mrs. 

Secord, Stephen, teamster. 

Small, Chas. Coxwell, clerk of the 
Crown. 

Smith, Wm. Sampson, blacksmith. 
Smith, John, land agent. 
; Sylvester, Peter, labourer. 
; Tap~eott, George, storekeeper. 



158 



LANDMARKS OF TORONTO. 



Thompson, Francis, bootmaker. 
Turley, Ed., yeoman, four-mile tree. 
Wilson, Timothy. 

LOT STREET. 

(Unnumbered.) 

Allan, Hon. William. 

Barren, John, well digger. 

Boltom, Wm., mason. 

Campbell, Wm., blacksmith. 

Campbell, Hugh, carpenter. 

Carroll, George, lime burner. 

Christian, Wm., Baptist minister. 

Cowan, H., blacksmith. 

Coxwell, W. H., clerk Crown Office. 

Cunningham, James, mason. 

Elmsley, Hon., John. 

Hamilton, George, labourer. 

Hinds, Patrick, plasterer. 

James, Robert, carpenter. 

Jarvis, S. P., Clerk of the Crown in 

Chancary. 

Lawrenc?, J. H., printer, Guardian. 
Logan, Wm., labourer. 
Love, Henry, sailor. 
Mason & Barber, engineers. 
Meredith, John, labourer. 
Mills, George, gardener. 
McBath, Temple, labourer. 
Mclntosh, Capt. Wm. 
McMahon, Ed., chief clerk Giov. Office. 
Paramore, Wm., carpsnter. 
Preston, Walter, tailor. 
Quinn, John, weaver. 
Ridout, Sam., registrar of deeds. 
Thorne, Thos., bricklayer. 
Thornton, Francis, labourer. 
Vollor, Joseph, captain. 
Walker, Charles, tailor. 
Wallis, John, mason. 
(Whitesides, Arthur. 

LOT STREET WEST. 

(Unnumbered.) 

Abbs, Wm., bricklayer, Boulfcon s block. 
Alexander, Robert, grocery. 
Anderson, Jas., boot and shoe- maker. 
Bagnell, Humphrey, labourer. 
Barr, Wm., labourer. 
Bell, John, superintendent of roads. 
Bell, Thos., carpsnter, Engineer s dept. 
Billings, T. F., treasurer Home District. 
Blue 13ell Inn, Thos. Richardson. 
Bond, Thomas, brickmaker. 
Boulton, D Arcy. 
Boulton, Wm. H., attorney. 
Brandon, Thos., blacksmith. 
British Brass and Iron Fpundry. 
Brayley, John, carpenter. 
Brown, John, printer. 
Bullen, John, stonemason. 
Cameron, Hon. Duncan. 
Coates, Wm., clerk House of Assembly. 
Cooper, Thos., gentleman. 
Cowan, John, carpenter. 
Crawford, Dr. 



Denipon, George T., alderman. 

Denison, Geo. T., jr., student-at-law. 

Denham, C. R., brass founder and smith. 

Dew, John, engineer. 

Dunn, Hon. John H., receiver-general. 

Dunn, Jonathan, butcher. 

Earles, John, grocery store. 
| Eddington, George, gentleman. 
! Ekerlin, B., issuer commis. dept. 

Emmens, Thos., carpsnter. 

Farr, John, brewer. 

Farrell, Geo., yeoman, opp. Black Bull. 

Fielding, James, labourer. 

Fitzgibbon, James, chief clerk House of 
Assembly. 

Fowler, Robert, labourer. 

Gilbertson, Henry, carpenter. 

Givins, James, Col., chief superinten 
dent of Indian affairs. 

Gcfiham, James, labourer. 

Grant, John, wheelwright. 

Gray, John, labourer. 

Gray, Thomas, labourer. 

Gray, John, carpenter, Boulton s block. 

Gwynne, Dr. C. W., Graves st. and, Lot 
street west. 

Harrison, Robert, yeoman. 

Hawke, A. B., superintendent of emi 
gration department. 

Herson, George, blacksmith. 

Hepburn, Wm., gentleman. 

Hey den, Michael, labourer. 

Hogg, John, labourer. 

IHopkins, Capt. W. R. 

Elorton, Col. 15th Regiment. 

Houghton, George, clerk Engineer s de 
partment. 

Hughes, Wm., mason. 

Humphries, teacher of singing. 

Kendrick, G. B. R., tavern. 

Kennedy, James, wheelwright. 

Kirby, Thos., at Chief Justice s. 

Lackie, Mrs. 

Leadly, Henry, skin dresser. 

L-ee, Wm. H., clerk Executive Council 

Lennon, George, carpenter. 

Lenty, Jos., gentleman. 

Lindsay, John, carpenter, Boulton s 
block. 

Lizars, Henry, assistant draughtsman 
Surveyor-General s office. 

TLucas, Mrs. Captain. 

Lynn, Robt., surveyor at J. W. Lenty s. 

Malone, James, carpenter. 

Mara, Thos., bootmaker. 

Martin, Wm., labourer. 

Mather, Wm., grocery store. 

Mills, Thos., bricklayer, etc. 

Mitchell, Robert, carpenter. 

Mossopp, John, farmer, near Black Bull. 

Murchison, John, gentleman. 

McDonell, Jas., clerk in GIOV. office. 

McGuire, James, gentleman. 

Mclntosh, Mrs. Eliza. 

Mclntosh, John L., school. 

McKenzie, Walter, clerk in Gov. office. 



LANDMARKS OF TORONTO. 



159 



Me Murray, Samuel, clack House of As 
sembly. 

McNamara, Matthew, carter. 

Nation, J., first clerk Inspector-Gen 
eral s office. 

Newman, John, bootmaker. 

Noble, Wm., wheelwright. 

O Grady, W. J., Dr. 

O Hara, Col. W. ( 

Patrick, John, blacksmith. 

Patrick, Charles, blacksmith. 

Perry, Robt., labourer, near Elm Bell. 

Playter, Emanuel, general store. 

Pollock, Thos., gentleman. 

Reid, H., bricklayer, Boulton s block. 

Riches, Sam., carpenter. 

Robertson, John, printer, No. 170. 

Rossiter, James, Black Bull Inn. 

Rowell, Amos, labourer. 

JRussell, Wm. 

Sergeant, George, bricklayer. 

Severs, James, labourer. 

Shaw, George, yeoman. 

Shaw, Alex., yeoman. 

Simpson, Abraham, labourer. 

Sowerby & Little, blacksmiths. 

Spragge, Jos., master Central schpolv 

Staggs, Wm., gardener. 

Steinson, Charles. 

Taylor, Mrs., grocery, near Black Bull. 

Taylor, John F., clerk in Legislative 
Council. 

Telfour, Andrew, carpenter, Boulton s] 
block. 

Thornhill, R. H., first clerk Land office. 

Tims, Dr. 

Turton, Joseph, builder. 

Watson, James, carpenter. 

Watson, Thos., boot and shoe maker. 

Wilcox, Leonard. 

Wilson, John, mason. 

Winder, Dr.. Boulton s block* 

LOT STREET WEST. 
(Numbered.) 

Cloughly, William, Gov t messenger 58 
Lenty, Jos., gentleman 76 

LOT STREET. 
(Unn umbered.) 

Beram, George, sawyer. 

Black Bull tavern. 

Bussell, Jas., cor. Spadina and Lot st. 

Bywater, R., Queen s Head tavern; 

Sandford s corner. 
Bywater, Wm., gentleman, Sandford ^ 

corner. 

Chilvers, Jos., whitesmith. 
Clifton, Arthur, carpenter. 
Codey, Martin, labourer. 
College avenue, near Osg oode Hall. 
Comer, John, barrack sergeant. 
Cook, Henry, mason, Boulton s block. 
Cops, Thos., carpenter, Boulton s block. 
Crozier, Richard, boot maker. 
Cawdell, J. M., Osgoode Hall. 



{ Devlin, Arthur, labourer. 

Dundas, Wm., turner. 
I Earles, Francis, constable. 
1 E \vart, Arthur, bootmaker. 

Falvey, John, carter. 

Flaherty, Francis, carpenter, Boulton s 
block. 

Gouldie, Mrs. 

Hamilton, Thomas, carpenter, Boulton s 
block. 

Harris, Mrs. 

Jameson, Wm., Boulton s block. 

Lawson, Joseph, carter, 

Leys, John, engineer. 

Middlemist, Henry, carter. 

Murnahan, Francis, wheelwright. 

McAllister, Mrs. 

McCrum, Andrew, mason. 

McMannis, D., labourer. 

Preston, Mrs. George. 

Rose, Walter, second clerk Receiver 
General s office. 

Ross, George, carpenter. 

Rowe, Wm., gardener, near Don bridge. 

Reid, J., steward Osgoode Hall. 

Smith, Wm., Boulton s block. 

Spencer, Mrs. 

Sun Tavern, corner Lot and, Yonge. 

^Thompson, Mrs. 

Tost, Henry, blacksmith. 

-Wright, John, carter. 

Williams, Cornelius, keeper toll-gate. 

Wilson, Jas., carpenter, Boulton s block. 

LOT STREET. 

(Numbered.) 

Mcllmurray, J., doctor ~ 1 

Chagnon, Lewis, baker, 3 

Davis, Calvin; Alexander, Wm., 
carpenter ; White, John, turner... 4 

Cearnes, Barnabas, bootmaker 5 

Bright, .Lewis, messenger Legisla 
tive Council ft 

Langley, Wm., shoemaker 7 

Blevins, Robert, gentleman 8 

Jackes, Wm., grocery store 9 

Turreff, Wm., spirits and grocery 
store; Hussey, Eliza, school 10 

Carmichael, Hugh, carpenter; Arm 
strong, Thomas, carpenter 

Sceets, Nicholas, mould maker 

Alexander, Robert, joiner IB 

Iredale, Jeremiah, joiner ; Iredale, 
John, tinsmith 1" 

Kennedy, John, carpenter ; Bennett, 
John, mariner 18 

Taylor, Warren, smith; Hughes, 
John, bricklayer 21 

Gunn, Adam, labourer 22 

Murray, James, carter 23 

Gardiner, Thomas, blacksmith 25 

.White Swan Tavern, Patrick Kane; 
Kane, Patrick, White Swan tavern 26 

Graham, John, labourer 28 

Crow, Wm., coach builder .- 29 

Young & Warren, milliners 30 

Emery, Robert, wheelwright 23 

Johnson, John, waggon maker ......... 83 



160 



LANDMARKS OF TORONTO. 



Dann, John 34 

Rutherford, Alex., carpenter 35 

Callahan, John, labourer ; Harkes, 
John, small grocery ; McMorris, 
Ann ; McCastline, Robert, labour 
er ; Short, John, carpenter 37 

Bidwell. Marshall S., attorney, etc 38 

Kolph, Dr. John, M.P.P. for Oxford 40 

Craddock, Jos., tailor 41 

Hardy, Patrick, auctioneer and gro 
cery store 44 

O Brien. Dennis, cooper 45 

Small, Wm., carpenter -16 

Evatt, Henry, barrack master 47 

Burk, R., baker 48 

Inderson, John, gentleman .., 50 

Lee, Sam, joinsr 51 

Elliott, John, Common Council as 
sistant clerk 55 

Delhi, Dr 07 

Anderson, John, provision store ... 58 

LAND OFFICE. 
Todd. Andrew, clerk 

MARKET STREET 
(Numbered.) 

McDougall, Peter 10 

Hartney, Patrick, late barrack mas 
ter 34 

MARKET STREET. 
(Unnumbered.) 

Anthony, Francis, labourer. 

Bryan, Valentine, smith. 

Chewett, Wm., registrar Surrogate 

Court. 
Chewett, James, chief surveyor nnd 

draughtsman Surveyor-General s De 
partment. 

Clark, Thomas, bootmaker. 
Coach Office. Market and Front streets. 
Cockburn, Mrs., Ladies Seminary. 
Collett, Wm., carter. 
Collins, Jeremiah, labourer. 
Connors, Francis, carter. 
Copping, Ed., Mason. 
Elliott, John, Bay street and Market 

street. 

Filer, Charles, carpenter. 
Furlong, John, carpenter, Hagerinan s 

block. 

Garvey, John, carpenter. 
Graham. Thos., carpenter. 
Grant, John, music seller, Hagerman s 

block. 

Gray, Mrs., Ship Tavern. 
Hagerman, C. A., Solicitor-General. 
Heersqn, Patrick, labourer. 
Hutchinson, John, tailor. 
Kelly, widow. 

Malone, Maurice, bricklayer. 
Maloney, Wm., blacksmith. 
Markland, Hon. G. H., No. 28, corner 

York street. 
May, Thomas. 
Meredith, John, carter. 
McStravick, Mrs., grocery. 
Nicholl, Robert, labourer. 
Oliver, Tho?., cabinetmaker, etc. 



Ontario Hou^e Tavern, Market and 

Church streets. 

Raper, John, steward on board Transit. 
Shields, Scott, carpenter. 
Smith, John, steamer Transit. 
Thompson Thos. Samuel. , 

Trainor, Hugh, St. Lawrence Hotel. 
Wallis, Wm., Red Lion Inn. 
.Whit lam, Thos., pump maker. 
Wiegins, Jolin, tailor. 
.Williams & Vanatta. St. Lawrence 

Hotel. 

MARKET STREET WEST. 

(Unnumbered.) 
Bergin, Wm., gentleman. 
Bishop of Quebec s residence 
IN THE MARKET. 
(Unnumbered.) 

Dempsey, John, weighmaster 
Duff. , butcher. 
Clendinning. Wm., butcher. 
Graham, John, butcher. 
Fetch, Jas., butcher. 

MARKET SQUARE. 

Atkins, William, eating house. 

Chisholm. Alan, general store. 

Clarke, Henry H., Stag Tavern. 

Commercial News Room. 

Daily, Timothy, provision store. 

Eastwood & Skinner, paper makers. 

Ewin<?. Alex., Farmers Hotel. 

Fish Market on the Bay, at the foot 
of Market square and New street. 

Harley, John. William IV. Tavern. 

Helliwell & Bro., brewers. 

Hudson, William. 

Levin s Clothing store. 

Mechanics Institute. 

McClelland, Malcolm, tailor. 

McEnery, Denis, Farmers Hotel. 

Robson. Mrs., provision store. 

Ryan, Thomas, Union Hotel. 

Sherwood. Henry, M. P. P. for the 
Town of Brockville, attorney, etc. 

Skinner & Eastwood, paper manufac 
turers. 

Smith, John Thos 

Woods, Richard, labourer. 

MARKET BUILDINGS. 

(On King Street.) 
Albion of Upper Canada Office. 
Cull, J. A. S., senior editor of Albion 

of Upper Canada. 

Rogers, John F., printer, Albion Office. 
Kendrick, Josiah, constable, police 
officer. 

MARKET LANE. 

Bannerman, John, provision store. 
"Belfast Tavern," James Madden. 
Briggs, George, last factory. 
Burns, widow. 

Caldicott s Classical Commercial Aca 
demy. 
Chipperfield, John, tailor. 



LANDMARKS OF TORONTO 



161 



Creighton, William, leaker. 
Gale, William, 
Harrington, Thomas, carter. 
Madden, James, Belfast Tavern 
Masonic Lodge. 

Maxwell, J. E., Classical and Commer 
cial Academy. 

Methodist Ir dependent Chapel. 
Mohan, Nicholas, bootmaker. 
Muns, John, Teamsters Inn. 
McDonald, John, Inn. 
O Connor, Michael, Inn. 
Ret Lion Inn, W. Wallis. 
Stone, J., City Arms. 
Townsend, Samuel, carter. 
Tyerman, William, labourer. 
Union Hotel, Thomas Ryan. 
Warren, William, boot and shoemaker. 
Williams, John, sawyer. 
Winn, Michael, labourer. 

MARCH STREET, 

(Unnumbered.) 

Adamson, John, stonecutter mason. 
Allan, John, labourer. 
Anderson, Lyas, labourer. 
Atkinson, James, labourer. 
Austin, James, printer. 
Bapiist Meeting House. 
Bartrom, William, carter. 
Brown, Richard, labourer. 
Campbell, widow. 
Chapel Baptist. 
Coffield, James, grocery. 
Doddy, James, labourer. 
Donovan, Cornelius, labourer. 
Donnelly, John, labourer. 
Doyle, Garrett, grocery store. 
Drew, Andrew, carpenter. 
Flanagan, William, labourer. 
Flay, Absolom, carpenter. 
Hall, John, grocery, etc. 
Halpin, John, labourer. 
Hanagan, Mrs. 

Harbron, George, stonemason. 
Holden, John, Four Alls Tavern. 
Hutchinson, William, bricklayer. 
James, widow. 
Johnson, Mrs. 
Johnson, James, labourer. 
Johnson, Arthur, labourer. 
Kinsley, Matthew, carpenter. 
Kirk, Mrs. 

Kirkwoud, John, shoemaker. 
Masterson, Michael, labourer. 
Matthews, Robert, White Lion Inn. 
Minnix, Michael, tailor. 
Molesworth, William, labourer. 
Monahan, James, labourer. 
Mulcarrcn, Michael, labourer. 
Munns, George carter. 
McCaffey, Patrick, bootmaker. 
McHay, Archer, labourer. 
McMahon, Arthur, grocery store. 
O Connor, Daniel, labourer. 
Palmer, John, painter. 
Patrick, James, painter. 



Phibbs, Mrs. 

Potts, George, tinsmith. 

Prescott, William, carter. 

Prescott, William, sen., labourer. 

Rankin, John, labourer. 

Rockingham Arms Tavern, Taylor, 

Samuel. 

Roddy Joseph, labourer. 
Roddy, Charles, carter. 
Ruddock, Mrs. 
Shore, Andrew, labourer. 
Stewart, Alexander, fisherman. 
Stewart, Robert, carpenter. 
Sweeney, Daniel, boot and shoemaker. 
Sweeney, John, tailor. 
Sweetman, Matthew, carpenter. 
Taylor, Samuel, Rockingham Arms. 
Tracy, Andrew, shoemaker. 
Turner, James, sen., brewer. 
Welsh, Lawrence, provision store. 
Willson, Hill, constable. 

MARCH STREET EAST. 

(Unnumbered.) 
Bennett, Mrs., midwife. 
Boyd, George, grocery store. 

MARIA STREET. 
(U nnumbered.) 
Reed, Thomas, labourer. 
Rowand.Abraham, carpenter. 
MACAULY LANE. 
Hamilton, Thomas G., carpenter. 
Hillock, Ed., cooper. 

NEW STREET. 

(Numbered.) 

Horsley, Robt., Half Moon Inn.... 
McArthur, Peter, stonecutter 



2 
16 



NEW STREET. 
( Unnumbered.) 



Austin, widow. 

Bank ot the People. 

Barnes, Wm., labourer. 

Bennett, Humphrey, boot and shoe 
maker. 

Brown, Thos., silversmith. 

Buchanan, Wm., labourer. 

Callaghan, John, carter. 

Callaghan, Chas., labourer. 

Cameron, Morgan, labourer. 

Catholic Chapel of Ease. 

Central or National School. 

Cheney, Thomas, carpenter. 

Collins & Ward, printers. 

Courier of Upper Canada newspaper. 

Co::, Patrick, boot and shoemaker. 

Craig, Wm., labourer. 

Cummings, Thoe., tailor. 

Davidson, James, labourer 

District Schoal. 

Earles, Wm., bricklayer. 

Forbes, James, labourer. 

Godfrey, Thos., turner. 

Gurnett, Geo., editor and proprietor of 
the Courier of Upper Canada. 

Harkness, Sarah. 



162 



LANDMARKS OF TORONTO. 



Haverty, Thos., gentleman, Barley s 

Tavern. 

Jackson, Henry, watchmaker. 
Kerr, Wim., carpenter. 
Lake, Titos., carpenter. 
Langin, James, labourer. 
Mayne, Daniel H., York District School. 
Milligan, Mrs. 
Misset, Patrick, labourer. 
McComb, James, blacksmith. 
McCollum, George, tailor. 
McPheal, Angus, tailor. 
Nicholl, Thomas, carpenter. 
O Brian, Thos., bootmaker. 
Patchett, John, labourer. 
People s Bank. 
Ramsay, David, cooper. 
Bead, Sam, publisher Youths Monitor. 
Boss, David, storekeeper. 
Boss, David, labourer. 
Kowell, George, gentleman. 
Bowell, Henry, brewer. 
Butherford, Peter, gtone mason. 
Strong, John, boot and shoemakei 
Sweeney, John, carter. 
Turner, James, bricklayer. 
Walker, Lewis, carter. 
Wajrd, printer. 
[Wesley, John, Neptune Inn. 

NEWGATE STBEET. 
(Unnumbered.1 

Anderson, iron founder. 

Armstrong, Thos., blacksmith. 

Arthurs, Mrs., widow. 

Askin, John, carter. 

Benford, Ed., labourer. 

Berry, John, labourer. 

Bilton, George, tailor. 

Bishop s Buildings. 

Burns, Andrew, labourer. 

Caldwell, J. M. f clerk Surveyoto^G en - 

eral s Office. 
Campbell, Samuel, laboturer. 

Campfield, David, labourer. 

Cameron, Colonel, Bishop s Buildings. 

Christmas, Wm., labourer. 

Collumbes, John, blacksmith. 

Oolquhoun, John, labourer. 

Conlin, Lackie, grocery. 

Conlin, Patrick, labourer. 

Connell, John, labourer. 

Cunningham, Francis, bootmaker. 

Dolmadge, John, labourer. 

Duff, blacksmith. 

Earles, Thos., Argyle Inn, and carter. 

Earles, Theophilus, school. 

Eastwoods, Mrs., opposite Bishops 
Buildings. 

Farmers and Mechanics Hall. 

Fish, Moses, razor grinder. 

Fire Assurance Co. "Alliance," J- Bid- 
out agent. 

Floyd, working iron founder. 

Foster, Col. A. A. G., corner Peter and 
Newgate. < . . i , < 



Fullarton, Bobert, cabinetmaker. 
! Ghrimes, Michael, labourer. 
Gras ett, Bev. Mr., curate English- 
church. 



Hamilton, S. S., Mansion House Hotel. 
Hamilton, William, labourer, opposite 

Bishop s Buildings. 
Hamilton, B., small store, opposite 

Bishop s Buildings. 
Harper, John, carpenter, builder. 
Haywoad, Benjamin, carpenter. 
Henry, Jas., tailor. 
Hill, Jos., carpenter. 
Hill, Mrs., widow. 
Hillo:-k, Francis, cooper. 
Hudson, Wm., bricklayer. 
Hunter, James, labourer. 
Kearney, James, waggon-maker. 
Kilgore, James, labourer. 
King, James, attorney. 
Lee, John, plumber, etc. 
Moore, John, labourer. 
McCrandle, Bobert, labourer. 
McDonach, James, labourer. 
McDonell, Hon. A., Inspector of U- 

censes. 

McKewan, Wm., labourer. 
McEtJwn, Wm., blacksmith. 
McMannis, M., cooper. 
McMichael, Bobert, grocery store. 
McNamara, Patrick, labourer. 
Nelson, John, blacksmith. 
O Keefe, John, Harp and Crown. 
Oxendale, Wm., boot and shoemaker. 
Paterson, John, cabinetmaker. 
Pattison, Wm., labourer. 
Bobinson, James, labourer. 
Bolson, Wm., carpenter. 
Bolson, James, carpenter. 

Boss, Miss, Ladies School, Bishops 
Buildings. 

Scaling, John, saddler. 

Shankland, Bobert, labourer. 

Sherburn, Jos., at Ketchum s. 

Smith, Wm., carpenter. 

Stevenson, John, Farmers and Mechan 
ics Hall, saddler. 

Stewart, Alex., carpenter. 

Stotesbury, Charles, soap and candle 
factpry. i 

Taff, Beuben, labourer. 

Taylor, John, turner. 

Thompson, Mrs., Yorkshire Arms Tav 
ern. 

Tinsley, Jarvis, bricklayer. 

Tracy, Michael, tailor. 

Turner, John, bootmaker. 

Wallace, John, bootmaker. 

Walton, Mrs. Matthew. 

Watson. Jas., Bising Sun Tavern, and 

Wesley an Methodist Chapel, Newgate 

and George. 
Woad. Mr., dentist. 



LANM DARKS OF TORONTO. 



163 



NEWGATE STREET WEST. 

(Unnumbered.)/ 

Ball, Joseph, labourer. 

Bayley, John, painter. 

Blakely, Jas., labourer. 

Cotterell, James, labourer. 

Coach, John, carpenter. 

Gifford, A., clerk in Gov. Office, 

Lee, John, labourer. 

Loughanan, Wm., tailor. 

Madill, John, labourer. 

Milligan, Jos., tailor. 

McDonald, Hon. A., Inspector of Li 
censes. 

Ross, John, furnishing undertaker, cor. 
of Peter street. 

NEWGATE STREET EAST. 
(Unnumbered.) 

Ardagh, Daniel, labourer. 

Dun lop, Charles, labourer. 

Dunlevi, Charles, printer. 

Lang, Rev. M., Methoiist minister. 

Milligan, James, toatmaker. 

Weir, Henry, bootmaker. 

NEWGATE STREET. 
(Numbered.). 

Brown, Mrs., widow 15 

Ridout, John, attorney; Registry 

Office 18 

Spragge, J. G., Attorney Office 28 

Hunt, Charles, gentleman 33 

Toid, Henry Cook, gentleman 35 

Telfer, Walter, Dr 44 

Hornby, Dr 46 

Evans, Rev. Ephraim, editor Chris 
tian Guardian 56 

Morrison, Dr., Mayor of City 57 

Brown, Andrew, carter 70 

Ritchey, John, builder 72 

Austin, Henry, gentleman 78 

Barber, G. A., writing master TJ.C.C. 92 
Jameson, R. S., Attorney-General, 

Bishop s Buildings 94 

Bartley, Dr. surgeon 15th Regi 
ment 98 

Sieber, Andrew, sausage maker. 106 

Caldwell, Mrs. Eleanor Gore 108 

ONTARIO STREET. 
(Unnumbered.) 

Addy, Isaac, carter. 
Beatty, Mrs., widow. 
Booth, Robert, isawyer. 
Bowyer, Isaac, sailor. 
Bright, , gardener. 
Earnest, Mrs. 

Elliott, Christopher, butcher. 
Francis, James, labourer. 
Gray, Richard, butcher. 
Langdrill, Francis, butcher. 
Lindsay, Wm., tailor. 
Lowther, John, labourer. 
Lynch, John, brewer. 
Stinson, widow. 
Summers, Thos., carpenter. 



OSGOODE HALL. 

(Lot street.) 

Reid, John, steward. 

PARLIAMENT BUILDINGS. 
(Front street.) 

Powell, Mrs., housekeeper. 
Turquand, B., first clerk Receiver-Gen 
eral s Office Parliament buildings. 



PETER STREET. 
(Unnumbered.) 






Brown, John, labourer. 
j Cavemer, Sarah. 
j Crozier, Thomas, bootmaker. 
i Dodds, Jas., Crookshank s farm. 
Draper, W. H., attorney, M.PJP. for 

Toronto. 

Harke, Robert, mason. 
Macaulay, Mrs. 
Macaulay, Capt. J. S. 
Roy, Thomas, civil engineer. 
Stanton, Robt., printer, Gazette, resi 
dence Peter street. 
Street, T. S., student-at-law. 
Temple, captain. 
Tims, Henry, carpenter. 
Willmott, H. E., cabinetmaker. 
Wilson, Mrs. 

PARK. 

Henderson, Joseph, lime burner. 
PRINCESS STREET. 

(Unnumbered.) 

Ballard, John, clerk post office. 
Colcleugh, Capt. N., steamer Cobourg. 
Higgins, Captain. 
Hudson, David, merchant. 
Meighan, Michael, gentleman* 
Murray, widow. 
Oakes, Jas., butcher. 
Quinn, John, carter. 

PARK. 

(St. Lawrence Ward.) 
(Unnumbered .) 

Crothers, Jas., carter. 

PALACE STREET. 

(Unnumbered.) 

Cooper, Wm., (gentleman. 

Defreis, Robt., gardener. 

Jones, Patrick, blacksmith . 

Kelly, Robert, clerk Canada Company s 
office. 

Kerr, John, tavern. 

Leek & Hall, soap and candle factory, 
bay shore. 

Maitland, John, distiller. 

Monroe, Wm., gentleman. 

McGillivray, Arch., labourer. 

McGorgan, Geo., labourer. 

McMasters, David, labourer. 

Nealin, John, tailor. 

Turner, Enoch, brewer, near Wind 
mill. 

Widmer, Christopher, Dr. 

PALACE STREET PARK. 
(Unnumbered.) 

Coffee, , brickmaker. 



164 



LANDMARKS OF TORONTO. 



PENINSULA ACROSS THE BAY. 
Knott, Benjamin, Blue and Poland 

starch factory. 

Palin, Joseph, Hotel on Peninsula. 
RICHMOND STREET. 
(Numbered.) 

Wordsworth, Richard, carpenter 20 

RICHMOND STREET. 
(Unnumbered.) 

Anderson, James, moulder. 
Andrews, Wm., sexton English church. 
Ashton, James, carpenter. 
Bancroft, Daniel, printer. 
Barton, Mrs., widow. 

Blake, Wm., labourer. 
Boice, Abraham, carpenter. 
Chapman, Wm., teamster. 
Chapman, Thomas, teamster. 
Clerk, John, boot maker. 
Cotton, Barnabas, carpenter. 
Cuthbert, Richard, bookbinder 
Cuthbert, Thos., boot maker. 
Dobson, J., teamster. 
Drummond, widow. 

Empey, Michael P., mason and plastorar. 
Falls, Wm. S., printer. 
Gibbs, Robert, carpenter. 
Ginty, James, tailor. 
Grigory, Richard, gentleman. 
Hackett, James, labourer. 
Hay ton, John, labourer. 
Hepburn, David, tailor. 
Jobbitt, Jas., tailor. 
Kennedy, Mrs. 

Laily, Thos., grocery, provisions. 
Logan, on Hon. McGill s property. 
Morrison, Daniel, carpenter. 
Nesbitt, Wm., labourer. 
Rutherford, Mrs. 
Scallion, James, labourer. 
Shaw, Wm., carpenter. ^. 
Stone, Thomas, carpan er. 
Teevan, Michael, constable. 
Wiseman, Howard, at Burke s Auction 
Mart. 

STEAMBOAT WHARVES. 

Feehan, James, groserv store. 

French, Bemamin, mill stone factory. 

STEWART S BLOCK. 
Henderson. Robt., boot and shoemaker 
Hopkins, Jas., brickmaker. 

STEWART S LANE. 
Butters, John, chairmaker. 
Fitzpatrick. Jas., labourer. 
Lafferty, Wm., fcarter. 
McGuire. Wm., carter. 
Rolph, Wm., labourer. 
Turnbull, Robt., tailor. 
Watson, Jas., labourer. 

ST. LAWRENCE WARD. 
Beamish. John, brickmaker, Park. 
3eamish, Thos., brickmaker, Park. 
SPADINA AVENUE 
(Unnumbered.) 

Adams, Bennet, joiner. 



Baxter. James, bricklayer. 

Beekman. Robert, gentleman. 

Bunker, Thomas, bricklayer. 

Burke, Thomas, bricklayer. 

Clayton, labourer. 

Galloway, Thomas, labourer. 

Hagger, James. 

Harris, ,. carpenter. 

Leckie, James, clerk Adjutant-General s 

Office. 

Mansfield, Robert, gardener. 
Mills, John, bricklayer. 
McBride, Samuel, labourer. 
Paddan, James, bricklayer. 
Sharp, Mrs. 

Silver, John S., gardener. 
Simmons, Daniel, bricklayer 
Steers, Thomas. 
Thorns, William, carpenter. 
Walker. John, Brewer. 
West, John 

Whitesides, William, teamster. 
Winslade, John, carpenter. 

SPADINA. 

Baldwin, Hon. Capt., Russell Hill. 
Baldwin, William A. 

TERAULAY STERET. 
fUnnumbered.) 

Allan, Edward, tailor. 
Blake, James, engineer. 
Carr, John, painter. 
Charles, Richard, carpenter. 
Donelly, Patrick, labourer. 
Hall, William, carpenter. 
Kempt, Capt. John 
Kingsmill, George 
Lester, William, tailor. 
Linfoot, Thomas, cabinet maker. 
Millen, Robert, carpenter. 
Mcllroy, Daniel, carpenter. 
Paterson, James, labourer. 
Payne, George, plasterer. 
Shepherd, Paul, wood carver. 
Stewart, Alexander, carpenter. 
Todd, James, carpenter. 

TORONTO STREET. 
(Unnumbered.) 

Christian Guardian Newspaper Office. 

Clark, Christopher, stonemason. 

Duncan, William, blacksmith. 

Henderson, David, blacksmith. 

Humphrey, Caleb, carpenter. 

Jeffrey s Academy. 

Johnson, Margaret, widow. 

Miller, Peter, tailor. 

Smith James, carter. 

UPPER CANADA BANK. 
(Duke street.) 

Anderson, R. G., first teller. 

Lee, Joseph S., clerk. 

Mosely, John, clerk in U. C. B. 

Murray, Chas. S., book-keeper ui U.C.R 
1 Ridout, Thomas G., cashier. 

Stow, clerk at U. 0. B. 
! Street, William W., clerk. 



LANDMARKS OF TORONTO. 



165 



UPPER CANADA COLLEGE. 
(King street west.) 

Alderdice, Samuel, porter. 

Barron, F. W. 

Burgess, Rev. Mr. 

Dade, Rev. C., mathematical master. 

Harris, Rev. J. H., D. D., principal U. 

C. C. 
Haye, De la, J. P., French master U. 

C. C. 

Kent, John, preparatory master. 
Matthews, Rev. Charles 
Maynard, Rev. G. 

WILMOT S PLACE. 
(Unnumbered.) 

Devine, John, labourer. 
Mitchell, John, plasterer. 
Home, Samuel, lx>otmaker. 
Miller, Henry, labourer. 
Ponsonby, Michael, labourer. 

WILLIAM STREET. 

(Unnumbered.) 
Baynes, William 
Berczy, C. S. 
Drain, widow. 
Durnford , Captain. 
Kewan, Robert, labourer. 
Myers, William, labourer. 
McCleneghan, Thomas, yeoman. 
Spragge, J. G., 

WINDMILL. 
(Unnumbered.) 
Clark, Samuel, miller. 
Fisher, S., gentleman, (near) 
Foley, Michael, labourer (near) 
Gooderham, William, miller. 
Heather, W., bricklayer, surveyor, near 

Park. 

Hunter, Wilson, brickmaker (near) 
Laugdrill, William, labourer (near) 
McGhan, labourer (near) 
McKillop, Hugh, labourer. 
Nunan, Charles, labourer. 
Oxley, William, bricklayer. 
Parr, John, carter. 
Raynes, Charles, labourer. 
Reardon, Donald, lalxmrer. 
Shepherd, Peter, brickmaker. 
Sparks, James. 
Wilson, Hunter, brickmaker. 

YONGE STREET. 

(Unnumbered.) 
Adams, William, gardener. 
Andrew, Samuel, ironfounder. 
\Ackfield, James, gunsmith. 
Barnfather, John, bricklayer. 
Bell, Charles, chandler. 
Berry, George, gardener. 
Bigelqw, Dr., dentist. 
Blenkinsopp, Tho*., Bay Horse Tavern. 
Bowman. Mrs. cow keeper. 
Bright, Lewis, jr., blacksmith. 
Butler, Jas. W., labourer. 
Champion Brothers & Co., hardware 
merchants. 



Chamberlain, Wm., tailor. 

Clark, Robert, painter. 

Colton, AVm., labourer. 

Donovan, John, sailor. 

Driscoll, Ed., grocery. 

Dunn, Mrs. Small, grocery. 

Deutcher, Wm. A., ironfounder. 

^Ferguson, at Ketchum s tannery. 

Fitzpatrick, Wm., tailor. 

Hammell, John, bootmaker. 

Hannah, Wm., wheelwright. 

Harris, John, labourer. 
I Harris, Misses, boarding-house. 
i Hayes, Matthew, Three Loggerheads 
| Inn. 

Hunter, James, tailor. 
I Hunter, Samuel, labourer. 
i Kelly, M., barber and hairdresser. 
i Kirk, Mrs., Blue Bonnet Tavern. 
I Laing, John, gentleman. 

Lang, Abraham, grocery. 

Lawless, , at Deutcher s iron foundry. 

Leary, Mrs. 

Lennard, , at Deutcher s iron foundry. 

Lyons, Wm., Toronto Inn. 

Mantal, John, labourer. 

March & Church, chair makers. 

Munro, Alex., tailor. 

McFarlane, Finlay, baker. 

McKnight & Saxon, wholesale merch 
ants. 

McLeod, John, labourer. 

McLinton, John, carter. 

McNeil!, Hugh, cabinetmaker. 

Potters Field Burial Ground. 

Pullen, Hugh, small store. 

Reid, Hugh, storekeeper, e-irpenter. 

Robson & Wilson, upholsterers and 

cabinetmakers. 
i Rogers, Wm., carpenter. 
inlanders, Tho~., haircutter, Lot street. 

Saxon & McKnight, dry-goods, whole 
sale. 

Scott, Jonathan, butcher. 

Shanklin, Samuel, hatter. 

Sheldon, Dutcher & Co., foundry and 
steam engine factory. 

Smith, Ira, gunsmith. 

Stenhouse, Peter, Blue Honnet Tavern. 

Stitt, James, high bailiff. 

Strange, J. M., Auctioneer and com 
mission merchants. 

Sullivan, Daniel, blacksmith. 

Sullivan, Jeremiah, blacksmith. 

Thomas, Tho=., Crown and Anchor Tav 
ern. 

Tiffey, John, labourer. 

Toronto Inn 

Townsend, B. D., Colborne, furnace 
warehouse, stoves. 

iWilloby, Wm., coach builder. 

Wilson, Stillwell, Golden Ball Inn. 

Wilson, Joseph, upholsterer. 
STREET. 



(Numbered.) 

; Stephenson, Thos., cabinetmaker ... 1 
i Jollands, Benjamin, tailor ; Iredale 
Wm., painter, .............................. 2 



166 



LANDMARKS OF TORONTO. 



Ward, Jas., labourer ; Beard, Robt., Jenkins, Wm., carpenter. 

gentleman : 8 I Linfoot, John, butcher. 

Campbell, John, bootmaker 10 \ Moore, butcher. 

Campbell, John, cabinetmaker 18 ; Newbigging, Jas., merchant. 

Veltenaire & Co., pianoforte makers 17 Patrick, Alfred, clerk in House of As- 

Price, Ja,s. H., attorney 18 serab>ly < 

Nixon, Wm., boot and shoe maker, 19 I Price, Jos., yeoman. 

Hume, Stephenson, bookseller, 21 I Raye, , tavern keeper. 

Matthew. James, sailor ; Kane | Red Lion Inn, T. Burns. 

Michael, spirit store 25 ; Richards, John, gardener. 

Mitchell, Patrick, grocery 28 j Robinson, John, baker and confectioner 

Brown, Miss, straw bonnet maker... 29 ; Severin, John, brewer. 

Piper, Hiram, tin, sheet iron factory 30 Sharo. Wm.. boot and shoemaker. 

Armstrong, Samuel, saddler 31 Sherwood, Hon. L. P., one of the 

Baxter, Samuel, tailor 32 i puisne judges of the Court of King s 

Armstrong, John, merchant 33 ; Bench. 

Ketchum, Wm., tanner ; Ketchum, Smart, Alex., boot and shoe maker. 

Jesse 37 ! Turpin, Wm., painter. 

McMurtrie, Jas. S., grocery store.. 39 | Vaux, Thos., clerk in House of Assem- 

Dempsey, Francis, currier 41 bly. 

Sylvester, Sam., bookmaker 45 ; White, Wm. 

Murray, Rodger, saddler ; Barry \ Wilson, John T., master Central school. 

Mrs. widow 49 I Wolstencroft, Geo., sexton Potter s Field 

Hodgson, Jos., tinsmith 51 burial ground. 

Simpson, Alexander, boot and shoe Wray, William. 

maker; Johnson, Wm., turner 53 ^ 

Brown, Peter, carpenter; Brown, B f T - 

Misses, milliners 54 (Unnumbered.) 

Flock, Wm., storekeeper ; Clark- : Anderson, Charles P., labourer 

son, Thos., storekeeper 55 > Archer, widow. 

Elliott, Thos., Sun Tavern 57 ; Arent & Seright, milliners. 

Wood, Thos., labourer Banks, Jared, hatter. 

Cunningham, David, blacksmith ... R3 Brown, John, labourer. 

Gibson, Thos., cattle jobber fit Logan, John, 

Nicholl, George Browne, James C., plasterer. 

McGregor, Alex., Rob Roy Tavern. 70 Byers, Ed., teller Farmers Bank. 

Berry, Francis, grocery store 7:2 ; Castles, Henry J., land surveyor. 

Norton, .Amos, Union Furnace Foun- Catton, George, carpenter. 

dry 74 , .Correspondent and Advocate newspaper. 

Stewart, Alexander, land and house ! Coupland, Thos., shoemaker. 

agent ; Stewart. Rev. Alex., Bap- j Cross Keys Inn. 

tist 76 Curran, Jas., storekeeper. 

Mclntosh, John, M.P.P. 4th Riding Cuthbert, Alex., bootmaker. 

York 78 Derrf, Thos., gentleman. 

Wheeler, Benson, butcher Dillard, John, labourer. 

Mclntosh, Capt. Robert Dixon, Wm., painter, Broad lane. 

Mclntosh, Mrs. Charles 8(J Donnington, George, Cross Keys Inn 

YONGE STREET ROAD. Douglass, John, cow keeper. 

Armstrong, Philip, butcher Featherstone, carpenter, Broad lane. 

SBishop, John, sr. Gallego, Philip, labourer. 

Burgess, John, carpenter. Georgen. Mrs. 

Burns, S., Red Lion Tavern. Graves, Wm., school. 
Burial ground, the strangers , called Harley, John, labourer. 

Potters Field. i Hill, Wm., carpenter, Broad lane. 

Copeland, brewer. Huton, James, labourer, Broad lane. 

Dodsworth, John, labourer. Huton, Wm., carpenter, Broad Lane. 

Pranks, Chas., gardener. Jackson, Francis, tailor. 

Granger, Geo., gardener. Jewell, Richard, Broad lane. 
Gray, John, gardener at Sheriff Jarvis*. j Johnson, Geo., painter, Broad lane. 

Hanley, Jas., gardener. Kenrick. J. S., shoemaker. 

Haydon, William. Leach, Francis, painter, Broad lane. 

Henderson. Ed., tailor. Marchant, Robert, carpenter, York and 

Hodgin, Wm., butcher. Hospital streets. 
Home, R. C., assistant cashier U. C. j Milton, Peter, tailor, Broad lane. 

Bank. [ Morgan, Wm., carpenter, Broad lane. 
Jarvis. W. B., Sheriff Home District, | Morrow, Wm., labourer. 

Rosedale. McLaf forty, Jas., painter. 
Jarvis, Stephen, Usher Black Rod Ro;e- Oliver, John, tailor, Broad lane, 

dale. Osgoode Hall, top of York street. 



LANDMARKS OF TORONTO. 



1G7 



Owens, Mrs., boarding-house. 
Parrott, Frederick, labourer. 
Parritt, Thos., blacksmith. 
Powell, Mrs., corner York and Front sts. 
Priestman, Sythe, stonemason. 
Reynolds, Michael, printer. 
.Sampson, David, tailor. 
<Sewers, Miss, milliner. 
Simpson, Wm., carpenter, Broad lane. 
Skiliington, Thos., boot and shcernaker. 
Sloan, Geo., groceries and provisions. 
Smith, John, tailor. 
Smith, W., labourer, Broad lane. 
Thompson, John, joiner. 
Treasure, J., shoemaker. 
Webster, Loeon, printer, Broad lane. 
.Williams, Thos., labourer. 
Willard, Wm., carpenter, Broad lane. 
Wilson, John, carpenter, Broad lane. 
Wing, Mrs. 
Winn, Misses, Ladies School. 

NO ADDRESS IN DIRECTORY. 

McVicar, Angus. 
Nagle, Thomas. 
Nagle, Hugh. 
Walker, John, collector taxes, St. Pat 
rick s Ward. 
Wiggs, Wm., general store. 
Williamson, Alex. Johnson, poet. 
Halkett, Lieut., Aide-de-Camp to the 
Lieutenant-Governor. 


Mules Females 


Over Under Over Under 
10 16 16 16 Total 
Whitchurcn.... 747 714 585 534 2580 
Whitby . 1104 1U28 800 916 3918 


Gore of Toronto 257 248 191 227 !>26 
Springfield and 
Streetsville .. about 500 
Toronto 1345 1209 1073 1179 4806 
*Tiny and Taa. . 186 196 383 765 
Vespra (No returns) 


York 1002 1139 1210 969 4320 


* No classification of females given. 

Following the list of townships come 
the names of the constables for the 
Home District and a clause relating 
to jurors. Then there are the names of 
the officers of the Home District Agri 
cultural Society, of which the Lieuten 
ant-Governor, Sir Francis Bond Head, 
was patron ; E. W. Thomson, M.P.P., 
president ; G. D. WeiLs, secretary, and 
William Atkinson, treasurer. 
After a table of statistical informa 
tion relating to the population of the 
Home Counties, which in 1799 was 224, 
and in 1836, 51,764, are these particu 
lars: 
LIEUTENANT GOVERNOR. 

His Excellency Sir Francis Bond Head, 
Knight Commander of the Royal Hano 
verian Guelphic Order, and of the Prus 
sian Military Order of Merit. Private 
Secretary, John Joseph, Esq. Aide-de- 
Camp, Lieut. F. Halkett. 

GOVERNMENT OFFICE. 

Office, King street, opposite the Col 
lege. Edward MacMahon, Chief Clerk ; 
Arthur Gifford, James Macdonell, Wal 
ter Mackenzie, Clerks ; William Clough- 
ly, Office-keeper and Messenger ; Robert 
Algeo, Assistant Messenger. 

MEMBERS OF THE EXECUTIVE 
COUNCIL. 
Council Office, Public Buildings, Front 
street. The Hon. Robert Baldwin Sul 
livan (Presiding Councillor), The Hon. 
William Allan, The Hon. Augustus 
Baldwin, The Hon. John Elmsley. John 
Beikie, Clerk of the Council ; William 
Henry Lee, Confidential Clerk ; James 
Stanton, Clerk; Hugh Carfrae, Door 
keeper and Messenger. Regular Coun 
cil day, Thursday in every week. 


Succeeding the alphabetical list of 
residents given in the Directory comes 
an alphabetical list of the inhabitant 
householders in the Home District, 
comprising the Counties of York and 
Simcoe. Omitting the names, the num 
bers were as follows : 
Males Females 


Over Under Over Under 
16 16 16 16 Total 
Ad jala 185 186 141 103 705 


Albion 367 368 186 312 1233 


Brock 305 368 251 316 1210 


Caledon 186 208 153 203 750 


Caledon W 185 219 153 181 738 


Chinguacousv . 482 519 417 503 1921 
Chinguac uByW 516 400 333 423 1872 
Etobicoke 546 469 417 442 1874 


Essa 30 26 19 27 102 


Gwillimbury N. 140 138 117 135 530 
Gwillimbury E. 451 400 404 409 KJ64 
Gwillimbury W 430 511 373 401 1718 
Georgina 116 100 89 101 406 


Innisfll .... 168 165 122 123 578 


King 49 37 32 35 153 


Markham 1001 1104 905 1U7 4127 


Medonte 207 186 192 152 737 


*Mono .... 184 207 353 741 


MEMBERS OF THE LEGISLATIVE 
COUNCIL. 

The Legislative Council hold their sit 
tings in the Public Buildings, Front st. 
The Hon. John B. Robinson, Speaker, 
Toronto ; Hon. William Dickson, Dum 
fries; Hon. George Crookshank, Hon. 
Ven. John Strachan, D.D. (Archdeacon 
1 of York), Hon. Joseph Wells, Hon. 


OrilliaN. ..... 87 57 64 :> ! 211 


Oro . 338 261 228 225 1052 


Pickering.. 820 768 649 766 3012 


Reach . 144 144 110 131 529 


Scarboro 519 547 422 508 1997 


Scott (No returns) 


Sunnydale 54 48 87 186 


Tecumseth 501 482 352 430 1768 
"Thorah 1715 162 201 639 


Uxbridge 115 130 98 119 462 


Vauerhan.. 831 789 669 750 3039 



168 



LANDMARKS OF TORONTO. 



Duncan Cameron, Hon. George H. Mark- j 
land, Hon. John Henry Dunn, Hon. Win. 
Allan, Hon. Peter Robinson, Toronto ; 
Hon. Charles Jones, Brockville; Hon. 
James Gordon, Ainherstburgh ; Hon. 
Alexander McDonell, Toronto ; Hon. j 
Zaccheus Burnham, Hamilton, New 
castle District ; Hon. John Elmsley, I 
Hon. Augustus Baldwin, Toronto ; Hon. ; 
John Hamilton, Queenston ; Hon. Wal 
ter Bo^well, Hamilton, Newcastle Dis 
trict ; Hon. Peter Adamson, Toronto 
Township ; Hon. James Kerby, Fort 
Erie ; Hon. John Kirby, Kingston ; Hon. 
James Crooks, Flamboro West ; Hon. 
Right Rev. A. McDonell, Bishop of 
Regiopolis, Toronto ; Hon. Alexander 
Grant, Hawkesbury ; Hon. Arthur 
Lloyd, March ; Hon. Abraham Nelles, 
Grimsby Hon. Thos. Alex. Stewart, 
Peterborough ; Hon. William Morris, 
Perth; Hon. John Macaulay, Kingston; 
Hon. Peter Vankoughnet, Cornwall. 

Grant Powell, Clerk; Rev. Thomas ; 
Phillips, D.D., Chapiain; D Arcy Boul- j 
ton, Master in Chancery ; Stephen Jar- 
vis, Gentleman Usher of the Black Rod ; 
John F. Taylor, Clerk ; Hugh Carfrae, 
Door-keeper ; Lewis Bright, Messenger. 

Address The Honourable the Legis 
lative Council in Provincial Parliament 
assembled. 

MEMBERS OF THE HOUSE OF AS- i 
SEMBL1". 

Thirteenth Parliament Elected June 
and July, 1836. 

The House of Assembly is held in 
the Public buildings, Front street, west 
of the city. 

Prescott Richard Phillips Hotham, 
John Kearns, I. Orignal. 

Russell Thomas McKay, By-Town. 

Glengarry Donald McDonell, Alex. 
Chisholm, Cornwall. 

Stormont Archibald McLean, Donald 
Ae. McDonald, Cornvall. 

Dundas Peter Shaver, Matilda ; John 
Cook, Williamsburgh. 

Lanark John A. H. Powell, Perth ; 
Malcolm Cameron, Perth. 

Carle ton John Bower Lewis, Edward 
Malloch, Richmond. 

Leeds Jonas Jones, Ogele Robert 
Gowan, Brockville. 

Grenville Hiram Norton, Prescott ; 
William B. Wells, Rrockville. 

Frontenac James Matthewson, John 
B. Marks, Kingston. 

Lennox and Addington John Solo 
mon Cartwright, Kingston; George Hill 
Detlor, Napanee. 

Prince Edward James Rogers Arm 
strong, city of Toronto ; Charles Bockus, 
HaJlowell. 



Hastings Edward Murney, Belleville; 
Anthony Manahan, Kingston. 

Northumberland Alex. McDonell, 
Peterborough ; Henry Ruttan, Cobourg. 

Durham George Strange Boulton, Co 
bourg ; George Elliott, Monaghan. 

York 1st Riding, David Gibson, York 
Mills; 2nd Riding, E. W. Thompson, To 
ronto Township ; 3rd Riding, Thos. D. 
Morrison, Toronto City ; 4th Riding, 
John Mclntosh, Toronto City. 

Simcoe William B. Robinson, James 
Wickens, Newmarket. 

Halton William Chisholm, Nelson ; 
Absalom Shade, Gait. 

Wentworth Allan Napier Macnab, 
Michael Aikman, Hamilton. 

Haldimand V/illiam Hamilton Mer- 
ritt, St. Catharines. 

Lincoln 1st Riding, Richard Wood 
ruff, Grimsby ; 2nd Riding, George Ryk- 
ert, St. Catharines ;3rd Riding, David 
Thorburn, Queenston ; 4th Riding, Gil 
bert McMicking, Chippewa. 

Oxford Charles Duncombe, Robert 
Alway, Burford. 

Norfolk John Rolph, City of Toron 
to ; David Duncombe, Waterford. 

Middlesex Thos. Parke, Elias Moore, 
London. 

Kent William McCrea, Nathan Corn 
wall, Raleigh. 

Essex John Prince, Francis Caldwell, 
Sandwich. 

Huron Robert Graham Dunlop, Goue- 
rich. 

City of Toronto Win Henry Draper, 
City of Toronto. 

Town of Niagara Charles Richard 
son, Niagara. 

Town of .ilamilton Colin Campbell 
Ferrie, Hamilton. 

Town of Kingston Christopher A. 
Hagerman, City of Toronto. 

Town of Brockville Henry Sherwood, 
City of Toronto. 

Town of Cor nwalJ George S. Jarvis, 
Cornwall. 

Town of London Mahlon Burwell r 
Port Talbot. 

, Speaker ; James Fitzgibbon, 

Clerk ; the Rev. T. Phillips, D.D., Chap 
lain ; Samuel Peters Jarvis, Clerk 
Crown in Chancery ; David McNab, Ser- 
geant-at-Arms ; Eneas Bell, House 
keeper and Messenger. 

Address The Honourable the Com 
mons House of Assembly, in Provincial 
Parliament assembled. 

CROWN OFFICE. 

Office, Public buildings, Front street. 

Charles Coxwell Small, Clerk of the 
Crown and Pleas; William H. Coxwell, 
John Wm. Dempsey, Henry J. Braley, 
George Elliott, Clerks in Office. 



LANDMARKS OF TORONTO. 



169 



ATTORNEY GENERAL S OFFICE. 
Office, Public buildings. Front street. 
Rotert Sympson Jameaon, Attorney- 
General. 



RECEIVER GENERAL S OFFICE. 

Office, Public buildings, Front street. 

The Hon. John H. Dunn, Receiver 
General ; B. Turquand, W. Rose, W. 
Sergeant, Clerks. 

INSPECTOR GENERAL S OFFICE. 

Office, Public buildings, Front street. 

The Hon. G. H. Markland, Inspector 
General ; James Nation, Raymond Baby, 
Clerks. 

PROVINCIAL SECRETARY AND 
REGISTRAR. 

Office, Public buildings, Front street. 

The Hon. Duncan Cameron, Secretary 
and Registrar ; Samuel Peters Jarvis, 
Deputy Secretary and Registrar ; Thos. 
D. Harrington, Clerk. 

Note All public documents and in 
struments that pass the Great Seal are 
registered at this office, all of which 
can be seen by the public at a charge 
of Is. 3d. each. Copies can likewise be 
obtained by paying Is. per folio of One 
Hundred words, and if a certificate is 
wanted of the same, the charge is 5s. 

SURVEYOR GENERAL S DEPART 
MENT. 

Office, Public buildings, Front street. 
Hon. Peter Robinson, Surveyor Gen 
eral ; John Radenhurst, Chief and Prin 
cipal Clerk ; James G. Chewett, Chief 
and Principal Surveyor and Draftsman, 
and Superintendent of the Drawing 
Room ; Henry Lizars, Assistant Drafts 
man ; William Spragge, John M. Cald- 
well, Henry J. Castles, Philip Durnford, 
Clerks ; William Walker, Messenger. 

Table of Fees, payable to the Sur 
veyor General : 

Reports on applications to Pur 
chase Crown Land 2s. 6d 

Reports on Petitions 2s. Od 

Certificate under the hand of 

the Surveyor General 2s. 6d 

On filing certificates of Settle 
ment Duty, on grants to indi 
viduals not privileged 2s. 6d 

Location Ticket on grants not 

privileged 3s. 9d 

Location Ticket on privileged 
persons after first Location... 3s. 9d 

On searching Plan or Record Is. 3d 

Copy of Township Plan 12s. 6d 

CROWN LANDS OFFICE. 
Office, Public buildings, Front street. I 



Hon. Robert" Baldwin Sullivan, Com 
missioner of Crown Lands and Agent 
for ihf, sale of Clergy Reserves ; Rich 
ard Hull Thornhill, Chief Clerk; An 
drew Tod, John Dean, Lewis W. Heath, 
Clerks; John McCloskey, Messenger. 

SURVEYOR GENERAL OF WOODS 
AND FORESTS. 

Office, Public buildings. Front street. 

Hon. Peter Robinson, Surveyor Gen 
eral. 

CLERGY CORPORATION OFFICE. 
Office, Public buildings, Front street. 
Thomas Baynes, Secretary. 

EMIGRANT OFFICE. 
Office, Public buildings, Front street. 
Anthony B. Hawke, Superintendent ; 
Robert Beekman, ClerK. 



INDIAN OFFICE. 

Office, Public buildings, Front street. 

Hon. John H. Dunn, Hon. George H. 
Markland, William Hepburn, Trustees 
to the Six Nations Indians residing on 
the Grand River ; Bernard Turquand, 
Accountant ; Col. James Givens, Chief 
Superintendent of Indian Affairs ; Wm. 
Hepburn, Acting Trustee. 

KING S COLLEGE LAND OFFICE. 

Office, corner of King and York sts. 

The Hon. Lieut.-Col. Joseph Wells, 
Registrar and Bursar ; Edmund J. 
Ridout, Clerk. 

The management of all masters con 
nected with the land belonging to the 
projected University of King s College, 
and likewise of the Upper Canada Col 
lege, are conducted here. 

HEIR DEVISEE AND ASSIGNEE ACT. 

Commissioners The Chief Justice for 
the time being, the Puisne, Judges for 
the time being, Hon. Robert Baldwin 
Sullivan, Hon. William Allan, Hon. 
Augustus Baldwin, Hon. John Elmsley, 
the Surveyor General for the time 
being. James Beikie, Clerk. 

Note. This is an Act to afford re 
lief to persons claiming lands in this 
Province, under Assignments from 
Heirs, Devisees, or Assignees of the 
original nominees of the Crown, incases 
where no Patents had issued, etc. The 
Commissioners sit on the first Monday 
in July in each year, continuing for six 
teen days. 



REGISTRY OFFICE. 
Office, 18 Newgate street. 



Samuel 



170 



LANDMARKS OF TORONTO. 



Eidout, Registrar for the County of 
Tork. 

This is an office established by Act of 
Parliament for the public registering 
of Deeds, Conveyances, Wills, and other 
Incumbrances, which shall be made, or 
may affect any Lands, Tenements or 
Hereditaments. Office hours, from 9 !tb 
2 o clock. 

Fees for entry of every Memorial, of 
100 words, 2s. Cd.; and for every 100 
words over and above the first 100, Is. 

The like Fees are allowed to the 
Registrar for every Certificate of such 
Memorial given under his own hand. 

Every search, a Fee of is. 6d. 



Powell ; Clerk of the Court, Henry C. 
Heward. 



PRINTER TO THE KING S MOST EX 
CELLENT MAJESTY . 
Robert Stanton. Office, 164 King 
street. John Somerville, Clerk. 

LAW DEPARTMENT. 
Court of King s Bench Chief Justice, 
The Hon. John B. Robinson ; Puisne 
Judges, the Hon. Levius P. Sherwood, 
the Hon. James B. Macaulay ; Attor 
ney-General, Robert Sympson Jameson ; 
Solicitor-General, Christopher A. Hager- 
inan ; Reporter, William H. Draper. 

CROWN OFFICE. 

Clerk of the Crown and Pleas, Charles 
Coxwell Small. Deputies Western Dis 
trict, John L. Williams ; London Dis 
trict, John Harris ; Gore District, David 
Macnab; Niagara District, William D. 
Miller ; Newcastle District, Henry W. 
Jones; Prince Edward District, John 
McCraig ; Midland District, William B. 
Smyth ; Bathurst District, John McKay; 
Johnstown District, Thomas D. Camp 
bell ; Eastern District, George Ander 
son. 



COURT OF REQUESTS. 
No. 3 Division, comprising the City 

of Toronto and the Townships of York 
| and Scarborough. Commissioners John 
Ewart, George Gurnett, Peter Pater- 
: son, William Stennett, Alexander Burn- 
| side, George Duggan, jr. Clerk, George 
j Walton. Bailiffs, William Higgins and 
Thomas Metcalf. The Commissioners sit 
! on the 1st and 3rd Saturday in every 

month. The office is open every day 

fromi 10 to 3 o clock. 

POLICE OFFICE FOR THE HOME 

DISTRICT. 

Office in the Court House, is open 
I every day from 11 to 2 o clock. George 
Walton, Clerk ; William Higgins, High 
Constable. 

CUSTOM HOUSE. 

Front street, City of Toronto. Col 
lector of Customs, Thomas Carfrae ; 
Deputy Collector of Customs, William 
Steward. 

COURT OF COMMISSIONERS OF 

CUSTOMS. 

Held at the Court House, City of To 
ronto. Commissioners James Fitzgib- 
bon, Robert Stanton, William Hepburn. 
John F. Taylor, Clerk. Commissioners 
judgment in seizures is final under 
40 ; over that sum it must be referred 
to the Governor-in-Council. 



SHERIFF S OFFICE. 
Office at the Court House. Sheriff, 
Home District, William Botsford Jar- 
vis ; Deputy Sheriff, John Hollister. 

CLERK OF THE PEACE. 
Office at the Court House. Clerk of 
the Peace, Simon Washburn. 

TREASURER OF THE HOME DIS 
TRICT. 

Office at the Court House. Treasurer, 
T. F. Billings. 

CORONERS OF THE HOME DISTRICT, 
Residing in Toronto, George Duggan, 
61 King street ; W. Cooper, Palace st. 



HOME DISTRICT COURT. 
Office, Court House. Judge, Grant 



INSPECTOR OF LICENSES. 
Home District Hon. Alexander Mac- 
| donell, 102 Newgate street, City of To 
ronto. 

PROBATE AND SURROGATE 
COURTS. 

The Probate Court is the supreme 
Ecclesiastical Court in the Province. 
Persons dying and leaving property in 
more than one district, these interest 
ed must prove the Will, etc., in the 
Court of Probate, which is held in To 
ronto four times in every year, com 
mencing on the first Monday in Janu 
ary, the last Monday in March, first 
Monday in June, and last Monday in 
September. 

Judge, ex officio, the Lieutenant-Gov- 
ernor ; Official Principal, Grant Powell; 
Registrar, James Fitzgibbon. 

The Surrogate Court is held in every 
district the same days as the Probate 
Court, and relates to Wills, etc., in the. 
particular district. Wills can be prove;! 



LANDMARKS OF TORN TO. 



ft 
i 



and letters 6f administration grunted 
any day at the office of the District 
Surrogate. 

Surrogate of the Home District, John 
Godfrey Spragge ; Registrar of the 
Home District, William Chewett. 

COMMISSIONERS IN TORONTO 
For administering the Oath of Allegi 
ance Simon Washburn, Grant Powell, 
James FitzGibbon, Robert Stanton. 

THE QUARTER SESSIONS OF THE 

PEACE AND THE DISTRICT COURT 

FOR THE HOME DISTRICT 
Are held at the Court House, Toronto, 
on the first Tuesday after each term 
of the Court of King s Bench. 

The four terms of the Court of King s 
Bench : 

Hilary Commences on the 1st Mon 
day in February, and ends on the Sat 
urday of the ensuing week. 

Easter Commences on the Monday 
next after the 16th of April, and ends 
on Saturday of the ensuing week. 

Trinity Commences on the 3rd Mon 
day in June, and ends on the Saturday 
of the ensuing week. 

Michaelmas Commences on the 1st 
Monday in November, and ends on the 
Saturday of the ensuing week. 

The Court of Oyer and Terminer, 
General Jail Delivery, and Nisi Prius, 
for the Home District, are held twice 
in each year, at Toronto, in April and 
October 

TAXATION IN UPPER CANADA. 

The general revenue for the purpose 
of supporting the Government in Upper 
Canada, and administering of the laws, 
is raised by a duty of 2 1-2 per cent, 
on all goods and merchandise, import 
ed by sea, at the ports of Quebec or 
Montreal. Wines, liquors, and certain 
articles of luxury, have a specif ic duty 
laid upon them. This duty is paid by 
the importer, to the officer at Quebec, 
Upper Canada receiving one-third of 
the sum collected each year. This 
amount, with a duty upon shop and 
tavern licenses for vending spirits, Dis 
tillers, Hawkers, Pedlars and Auction 
eers, and a duty upon certain imports 
from the United States, which are also 
paid by the importer, form the public 
resources of the Province, and is at the 
disposal of the Provincial Legislature, 
for the payment, of public officers, and 
for such general purposes as may be 
deemed wssential to the welfare of the 
people and interest of the Province. 

LOCAL TAXES OR DISTRICT RATES. 
The Local Taxes, or District Rates, 



are collected from each individual, ac 
cording to the quantity of .land and 
other property he may possess, agree 
ably to the assessed value fixed by law, 
viz.: s. d. 
Every acre of arable pas 
ture or meadow land 100 

Every acre of uncultivated 

land 4 

Every Town Lot 50 

Every House built with Tim 
ber squared or hewed on two 
sides, of one storey, with not 
more than two fire-places ... 20 
Do. for every additional fire 
place 400 

Every house built with square 
or flatted timber on two 
sides, of two storeys, with 
not more than two fire 
places 30 

Do. for every additional fire 
place 800 

Every framed house under two 
storeys in height, with not 
more than two fire-places... 35 
Do. for every additional fire 
place 500 

Every brick or stone house of 
one storey, and not more 

than two fire-places 40 

Do. for every additional fire 
place 10 

Every framed, brick or stone 
house of two storeys, and 
not more than two fire 
places 60 

Do. for every additional fire 
place 10 

Every Grist Mill, wrought by 

water, with one pair stones 150 
Do. with every additional pair 50 

Every Saw Mill 100 

Every Merchant s Shop* 200 

Every Store-house 200 

j Every stone horse 199 

j Every horse of the age of 3 

years and upwards.. 800 

Oxen of the age of 4 years 

and upwards 

Milch Cows 300 

Horned Cattle from 2 to 4 

years 100 

Every close carriage with four 

wheels kept for pleasure 100 

Every open carriage or cur 
ricle kept for pleasure...... 25 

Every other carriage or gig, 

with two wheels, do 20 

I Every waggon kept for pleas 
ure 15 

Every Stove erected and used in a 
room where there is no fire-place is 
considered as a fire-place. 

A Merchant s Shop is defined to be 
wboro any foreign articles are sold. 



172 



LANDMARKS OF TOEOXTO. 



Note. The Rate of Assessment in any 
District is limited to one penny in th. 1 , 
pound, which when collected is paid into 

i i 11 



interesting notices of the various de 
nominations ; a table of the Royal 
family, and the following list : 



the District. Treasury, and is applicable j MILITARY STAFF OF UPPER CAN- 
to local purposes within the District 
for which they are levied. 



HIGHWAY RATES. 

Every person inserted on the Assess 
ment Roll is, in proportion to the esti 
mate of his property, held liable to 
work on the highways- or roads in every 
year, as follows : 

If his property be rated at : 25, 2 
days; 25 to 50, 3 days; 50 to 75, 
4 days; 75 to 100, 5 days; 100 to 
150, 6 days; 150 to 200, 7 days; 
200 to 250, 8 days; 250 to 300, 9 
days; 300 to 350, 10 days; 350 to 
400, 11 days; 400 to 500, 12 days. 
For every 100 above 500 to 1,000, 1 
day ; 200 above 1,000 to 2,000, 1 day ; 
300 above 2,000 to 3,500, 1 day ; 500 
above 3,500, 1 dfay. 

Every person possessed of a Wag 
gon, Cart, or Team of Horses, Oxen, or 
beasts of burthen or draft used to draw 
the same, to work on the highways 
three days. 

Every male inhabitant from 21 to 50, 
not rated on the Assessment Roll, is 
compelled to work on the highways 
three days. 

Persons emigrating to this Province, 
intending to become settlers, and not 
having been resident six months, are 
exempt ; and all indigent persons, by 
reason of sickness, age, or numerous 
family, are exempt at the discretion of 
the Magistrate. 

Any person liable may compound, if 
he think fit, by paying 5s. per day for 
each cart, etc., and 2s. (id. for each day s 
duty, to be paid within 10 days after 
demand made by authorized Surveyor, 
or the Magistrates can issue their dis 
tress for double the amount and costs. 

In addition to the particulars given 
there is a list of the sheriffs, the judges 
of the District Courts, clerks of the 
peace, treasurers and surrogates and 
registrars of Upper Canada. Then there 
are the names of the officials of the 
Indian, the License, the Land Registry 
and Customs Departments. After these 
come the list of directors and officials 
of the following banks, all now de 
funct : The Bank of Upper Canada, Com 
mercial Bank, Farmers Joint Stock 
Banking Company, People s Bank, 
which was on New street, now Jarvis 
street ; Agricultural Bank, on Front 
street, and Exchange Office. The Direc 
tory concludes with a Clergy list, which 
is of little value, though there are some 



ADA. 
Stationed at Toronto. 

Aide-de-Camp, Lieutenant F. Halkett, 
Coldstream Guards. 

Adjutant-General s Department As 
sistant Adjutant-General, Lieut. -Col. C. 
L. L. Foster, commanding the forces in 
Upper Canada ; Clerk, James Leckie. 

Royal Engineer Department Officer 
Commanding, Captain R. H. Bonny- 
castle ; Clerk of ^ orks, George Hough- 
ton ; Clerk, Michael McNamara ; Mas 
ter Carpenter, Thomas Bell. 

Barrack Department Barrack Mas 
ter. Henrv Evatt : Barrack Sergeant. 
jO iin Conner. . \ < 

Commissariat Department Assistant 
Commissary General, Francis R. Foote ; 
Deputy Assistant Commissary Generals, 
W. Stowe, W. Stanton ; Temporary 
Clerk, J. Lane ; Conductor, C. Lyons ; 
Issuers, B. Ekerlin, S. Amos, E. Cresssll. 

Indian Department Chief Superinten 
dent, Jarnej Givens ; Officiating Chap 
lain, Rev. Mr. Grasett. 

15th Regiment Officer Commanding, 
Lieut.-Col. G. Horton ; Major, William 
Grierson ; Captains, G. D. Colman, W. 
B. Smith, T. Cuthbert, H. B. Barnhain, 
J. R. Bunker ; Lieutenants, George Pin- 
der, F. W. Walker, H. Rudyard, T. S. 
Colman ; Ensigns, H. Grierson, J. R. 
Nash, H. B. F. Dickinson ; Paymaster, 
Charles Walker ; Adjutant, James Hay; 
Quartermaster, J. W. Dewson ; Sur 
geon, J. M. Bartley ; Assistant Surgeon, 
W. Wallace. Strength at present, about 
350 rank and file. 

Royal Artillery One Corporal and 
seven Gunners. 

Volunteer Artillery, City of Toronto 

This Company is fifty strong ; it has 
a good Band, and u very elegant stand 
ard which was presented to them by 
the ladies of Toronto on the 4th of 
June, 1833. They have fifty Stand < f 
Arms and two Field Pieces. The Oiii- 
cers are : Thomas Carfrae, Major ; Silas 
Burnham, Captain ; James Leckie, Cap- 
tain and Adjutant; John Craig, 1st 
Lieutenant; Peter Paterson, jr., 2nd 
Lieutenant. 

Militia of Upper Canada Colonel 
Nathaniel Coffin, Colonel and Adjutant- 
General ; Colonel Walter O Hara, As- 
; sistant Adjutant-General. 



LANDMARKS OF TORONTO. 



173 



CHAPTER XLV. 
DIRECTORY OF 1846 47- 

Toronto s Residents at that l>aJe Changes 
in Street Nomenclature Institutions 
vtliicli H0 Longer Exist. 

Old directories, like old letters, bring 
back many mtemories of the past to 
those who peruse them some pleasant, 
some painful. The Toronto Directory 
of 18-Ui looked at in 1896 serves to re- 
ca.ll a, very different city to what 
exists at the later date. It is not only 
that the people have changed, that is 
only natural, but the names of the 
streets in many cases have also charg- 
ed, while hundreds of thoroughfares are 
nct.v to be/ found for which we look in 
vain in the (directory of 1846. We shall 
take no notice of new streets, but 
briefly refer to those found in. the di 
rectory under a, different name to thp,t 
which they now bear. Boulton street, 
for instance, is now Pearl street, Caro 
line is Sherbourne street, then only ex 
tending from the bay to Queen street 
east. College avenue has been trans 
formed into Queen street Avenue, 
Crookshank street is Wilton avenue, 
Dummer has been changed to William 
street, and Don street no longer exists, 
while the houses which stood on it 
have been pulled down to effect the 
Don Improvements. Hunter s lane is 
another vanished street, the present 
Hunter street having no connection 
with it. March street wag first chnr..g- 
ed to Stanley, and is now Lombard 
street. Nelson street, formerly known 
as Nefw street, running frorn King 
street east to Queen street east, now 
forms the southern extremity oi Jarvis 
street. Palace street was the eastern 
portion of wh.a,t is now Front street, 
it began a,t the south-east corner of 
the Majrket square. Paxk lane is the 
present University street, and Sa.yer 
has become Chestnut street. William 
street in 1846 was that portion of what 
is now known as Sirucxe street, extend 
ing from Queen street west north 
wards. Yorkville has no longer any 
existence. It was that portion of the 
city now lying to the north of Bioor 
stret. 

The following is the list of streets 
and residents : 

ADELAIDE STREET EAST. 

(North side odd.) 

First street north of King street 
East, commences at Ycnge street, and 
runs east to Nelson street. 

Armstrong, James, innkeepsr 1 

Timpson, Thos. B. f machinist 3 

Carlin, Samuel, carter 5 



Elliot, Tom, carter 

Long, Robert, cooper 11 

Fetch, Robert, builder 13 

Dittey. Sanderson, carter 1!) 

Garfiald, John, Mansion house 21 

Jean, Thomas, (rear); Reid, Na 
thaniel, salesman 23 

Berry William, boarding house 27 

Stotesbury, Charles 29 

Coleman, Wm., tailor; Gannon, M., 

printer 31 

McLaren, Hugh, carter; Doyle, Pat., 

huckster 33 

Donovan, Daniel, timekeeper 

Doctestader, Fred., labourer 37 

McMichael, Olivia, Wellington, inn 3!) 

Connor, Charles, cabinet maker .... 41 
Welsh, H., huckster ; Sinaham, 

Rachel, huckster 43 

Leonard, Patrick, tailor; Debus, 

George, shoemaker 45 

Webb, Wm., labourer 47 

O Neil, Michael, tinsmith 51 

Stewart, Ala., carpenter 59 

Turnbull, Robert, tailor 63 

Scott, M., carter Crt 

Lyons, Wiiliim, huckster 67 

Hughes, Joseph, porter; Hayward, 
Benjamin, carpenter; Hayward, 

William, carpenter 69 

Ridout, John and Samuel 71 

McAulay, James, innkeeper 75 

Heddington, Thomas, labourer ; 

Cross, Samuel, labourer 77 

Matthews, Geo., shoemaker; Hender 
son, Robert, shoemaker 81 

Beatty, Luke, innkeeper 83 

Laffert, William, store 87 

Gibson, Garad, (rear); Clayson Wil 
liam, blacksmith; Davis, Edward, 

miller 89 

ADELAIDE STREET EAST. 

(South side even.) 
Conlin, Thomas, flour and grain 

dealer 2 

Gleekie, Geo., cabinetmaker; Little, 

E., brushmaker 4 

Hawkins, Henry, carpenter, (col 
oured) 

Gates, Richard, of C. Elliott & Co. 18 

Farley, Wm., hatter 30 

Palmer, E. B., clerk, 32 

Garside. Samuel, innkeeper 34 

Grasett, Rev. H. G., Episcopal 48 

Marsh, J. W 54 

ADELAIDE STREET EAST. 
(Unnumbered.) 

Henery, John, General Wolfe inn. 
Doland, John, labourer. 
Langley, Wm., shoemaker. 

ADELAIDE STREET WEST. 
(North side odd.) 

Commences at Yonge street and runs 
west to Bathurst street. 
Ketchum, William; Ketchum, Jesse, 

tanner 3 



174 



LANDMARKS OF TORONTO. 



Stibbs, James, accountant 19 Lee, John, plumber; Cops, Tom, car- 
Wilson, Alex., shoemaker ; Lee, penter 36 

Misses, dressmakers; Malien, Peter Hill, J., builder; Hind, Joseph, stone- 

R.; Laycock, Robert, shoemaker; cutter 38 

Robinson, James, shoemaker 21 Maddern, Oliver; Hale, John ,, polish- 
McNeil, William, shoemaker; Reid, er; Symes, T. J., polisher 42 

N., salesman 23 Hind, J., stonecutter 46 

Willoughby, M., blacksmith 27 Harper, John, builder 54 

Brown, William, labourer; Wilson* i Palmer, John, painter; Davidson, 

James, tailor 29 James, labourer, (rear) 64 

Hamilton, Joseph, M.D.; Carr, Jas., Dixon, John, carpenteer; Whitet, 

carpenter; Malien, P., labourer 31 Charles, carpenter 66 

gall John brewer ADELAIDE STREET. 

Rowed, \Villiam, carpenter o9 

Burgess, Mark, tailor 43 (Unnumbered.) 

Gooderham, James, painter; O Neil, i Costello, John and Michael, tailors. 

Mary, store; Campbell, Alex., Cummings, James, boatman. 

teacher; Allen, Jude, cabinet Laagley, William, shoemaker. 

maker 45 Tamer, John, Labourer. 

McElroy, M. E., milliner 47 Tees, William, labourer. 

Harper, John, builder 51 McDonald, Mrs. 

Brown, Andrew, carter 53 Miller, Robert, attorney. 

Nicol, W. B., professor 57 | Seiber, Andrew sausage maker. 

Ritchey, John, builder 59 Smith, John, labourer 

Hewlett, John, accountant 61 Barrett M master U C. College. 

Madill, John, porter; Turnbuil, Miss, | Evans, Matthew blacksmith. 

dressmaker 63 Eboy. Ihoinas, labourer. 

Lee, John, carter 67 tisher, Walter, tailor. 

Bowman, Samuel, carter; Elder, Flanmgan John, gardener. 

Thomas tailor 69 Flinn, Michael, labourer. 

Hill, James, labourer; Miliigaa, flowery, Ea ^ ol P h labourer, (coloured.) 

Fred., tailor; Laing, Maud Isabella, McNattty Alex., confectioner. 

seamstress; Gorley. John, labour- Rapson, William, labourer. 

er (rear); Small, Sam., labourer... 71 Ross, John, furnishing undertaker. 

Kidney, James, innkeeper 73 Sisley, Lewis, carpenter. 

Thompson, Samuel, painter 75 Smith, John, labourer. 

Esson, Rev. Henry, Pres. Ch 79 Smith Wui labourer (coloured.) 

Couch, John, carpenter 83 Strathy John, barrister 

Burrele, Michael 85 Taylor, Mathew, shoemaker. 

Murray, Rev. Robert, prof 87 Turner VVm. J., saddler. 

Pigott, James, carter, (rear); Keans, Vale, Chas., blacksmitth. 

William labourer 89 Thompson, George Ashe, paymaster 85th 

Rankin, William, M. D.; Chapman, regiment. 

James, Bishop s buildings 95 Thompson, John, 

Keele, W. C., solicitor 97 Wilcox, Leonard carpenter. 

Marling J F 99 Clayson, Wm., blacksmith. 

Pettigrew Will., carpenter; Me- Conlm, Patrick, flour and grain dealer. 

Burney carpenter 109 i Costello, John and Michael, tailors. 

Platt John, mason; Ketilworth, Cummings, James, boatmau. 

John, carpenter Ill Ksten, J. C. P., solicitor. 

Sieber, Andrew, sausage maker. 
ADELAIDE WEST. LeeSf William, labourer. 

(South side-even.) l^ 1 ^ 1 J , oh ^ ^ boi ; er - 

Macdonell, Mrs., widow. 

McBean & Withrow, builders.. 12 Murray, William, farmer. 

McLoughlin, John," laborer! Coulter, Noble, John, tailor. 

Philip 14 O Connor, Dennis, labourer. 

Parkes, Joseph & Vincent, turners; Henery John, General Wolfe Inn. 

Oxenham, James, blacksmith ; Doland, John, labourer. 

Joimson, Joseph 20 

Black, Thomas, wheelwright... ALBERT STREET. 

Henderson, David, blacksmith ^o 

O Neil, John, labourer 28 (Unnumbered.) 

Hamilton, Joseph, M. D 30 First street north of Queen West, 

Mr. Hutchison 32 commences at Yonge street and runs 

Seaton, T. W., shoemaker 34 I west to Sayer. 



LANDMARKS OF TORONTO. 



175 



Berry, James, labourer. 
Brice, John, stonecutter. 
Bryson, Alexander, pensioner 
Butcher, William, plasterer. 
Clarey, Hugh, stonecutter. 
Custaloe, Wm. J., shoemaker. 
Gibson, John, bricklayer. 
Glover, John, stonecutter. 
Jenkins, Robert, stonecutter. 
McBean, John, carpenter. 
McDonald, Daniel, builder. 
Macdougall, Dougall, printer. 
Milton, Peter, tailor. 
Mitchell, Waitman, painter. 
Moore, Henry, waiter. 
Noble, John, tailor. 
Poole, William, labourer. 
Thomas, John, tinsmith. 
Tennant, David, stonecutter. 
Taylor, James, stonecutter. 
Sweeney, Michael, stonecutter. 
Wiggins, Simon, blacksmith. 
W r iJson, David, carpenter. 
Wordsdell, William, patent medicines. 
Bugg. John, carpenter. 
Dillon, John, labourer. 
Dixon, Joseph, assessor. 
Dodd, James, shoemaker 
Martin, Robert, carpenter 
Mills, William, labourer. 
Rennie, David, carter. 
Smith, David, stonecutter. 
ANN STREET. 
(North side unnumbered.) 

Fifth street north of Queen street 
east, commences at Yonge street and 
runs east. 

Abeson, William, carpenter. 
Hunter, James. 
Jamieson, James, shoemaker. 
ALICE STREET. 

(Unnumbered.) 

Third street north of Queen street 
West, commences at Yonge street and 
runs west. 
Bell, James, teacher. 
Pickering, James, carpenter. 
Plenderith, John, carpenter. 
Simpson, Thomas, painter. 
Spence, John, h/icklayer. 
Simpson, George, tailor. 
Alton, Matthew, shoemaker. 
Howell, John, carpenter. 
Oulster, Peter, blacksmith. 
Ransom, Abraham, gardener. 
Sloan, James, carpenter. 
Stevens, Wm., parpenter. 

AGNES STREET. 
(Unnumbered.) 

Fourth street north of Queen street, 
commences at Tonge street and runs 
west. 

Armstrong, James, cloth manufacturer. 
Baker, Charles, bricklayer. 



Banker, Abraham, carpenter. 

Bateson, Matthew, picture frame maker. 

Burrow, G. R., carpenter. 

Christy, William, baker. 

Church, Wm., labourer. 

Congdon, Wm., bricklayer. 

Cotton, James, bricklayer. 

Coxwell, Thomas, Crown office. 

Davis, Alex., labourer. 

Freeman, Wm., painter. 

Fry, George, maltster. 

Hamilton, James, plasterer. 

Hill, John, tailor. 

Hopkins, R., labourer. 

Howard, Lloyd, labourer (coloured). 

Hunt, Wm. V., teacher. 

Hunter, Andrew, millwright. 

Jackson, Thomas, labourer. 

Kenon, Samuel, carpenter. 

Kerton, John, labourer. 

Lyle, Rev. William. 

Martin, Henry, cabman (coloured). 

Martin, James, cabinet maker. 

Pearcy, Gilbert, painter. 

Phillips, Wm., carter. 

Piggott, Charles, cabinet maker. 

Plees, Arthur F., printer. 

Russell, Patrick, tailor. 

Rutherford, Alex., carpenter. 

Silver, John, gardener. 

Smith, Wm. II., carpenter. 

Stark, Willis, carpenter. 

Tinsley, John M., carpenter (coloured). 

Towns, Benjamin, labourer (coloured). 

Wilcox, Thomas, lath maker. 

Wilkinson, George, shoemaker. 

Williamson, C. T., provisions (coloured). 

Willis, John, carpenter. 

Wilson, John, shoemaker. 

BERKELEY STREET. 
(Unnumbered.) 

Commences at the Bay near the jail 
and runs north to Queen street. 

Armstrong, James, carter. 

Brinnon, Hamilton, lake shore, near 

Berkeley. 
Cameron, John, M.A., clerk of Canada 

Company. 

Day, John, labourer. 
Dunn, T. H., manufacturing chemist. 
Galbraith, James, 
McGuire, Hugh, carter. 
McLoghlLn, P. B., teacher. 
Maxwell, Mrs., widow. 
Nelson, Rebecca, market woman. 
O Keefe, John, sailor. 
Power, Right Rev. Michael, Roman 

Catholic Bishop. 
Ray, Robert, labourer. 
Reynolds, Wm., labourer. 
Shortell, James, butcher. 
Smith, Adam, butcher. 
Sparks, James, sailor. 
j Ward, Mrs. Sheldon, widow. 



176 



LANDMARKS OF TORONTO. 



BATHURST STREET. 

^Unnumbered.) 

Commences at the Queen s Wharf and 
runs north to Queen street. 
Cathcart, Robert. 
Connor, Thomas, stone-boatman. 
Dunn, Hon. J. H. 

Kennelly, Win., Queen s Wharf Inn. 
Lafferty, Hugh, labourer. 
Love, James, labourer. 
Neajis, Michael H., labourer. 
Quail, Robert, labourer. 
Richards, Owen, lighthouse-keeper. 
Short, John, labourer. 
Short, B., baker. 
Tracy, John, labourer. 
Trenor, Daniel, Queen Ann s Inn. 

BAY STREET. 
(East side aven.) 

Second street west of Yonge street; 
commences at the Bay shore and runs 
north to Queen street. 

Crooks, Robert P., barrister 18 

Smith, John Shuter 24 

Rorke, Samuel, teller Bank B. N. A.; 
Bradbarne, E.; Phipps, W. B., com 
mission agent 28 

Preston, Thomas; Turner, Gwynne 

& Bacon, solicitors 30 

McDonald, Miss, dressmaker 34 

Jacques, John, of Jacquas & Hay... 33 

Lander, John, upholsterer 38 

Roigers, Samuel, painter 42 

Tully, Kivas, architect 43 

BAY STREET. 
(West side odd.) 
Connor Skeffington, LL.D., barris- 

%-srs 9 

Beaumond, W. R., M.D 11 

Brown, James, wharfingar 16 

Turner, Col. Charles B 25 

Skirving, Misses, Ladi:s Seminary... 27 
De Fleur, Baron, professor of music. 29 
Perkins, Frederick, of F. & G. P.... 31 
Barclay, Rev. J., Church of Scot 
land ->3 

Wliittemore, E. F., of T. Bigney 

& Co 35 

Smith, James F 37 

Fiskin, John; Mitchell, James, of 

Ross, M. & Co 39 

Petsrs, Reeee 41 

Campbell, D.; Hay, Robert 45 

Fell, William, engraver 47 

Ridout, George, barrister; Scott, J., 

keeper lunatic asylum 49 

Carfrae, Mrs. Hugh, widow; Howe, 

B. C., auctioneer 51 

Ryerscra, Rev. George 53 

Richardson, Rev. James 55 

Armstrong. W., wharf-kcoper 57 

Gilbert, Elisha, cabinetmaker 61 

O Brien, Lucius, M.D., professor 
K. C. University 73 



\ Evans, John J., clerk 77 

Tolfree, Joseph, plumber 83 

Kelly, Mrs. Widow 8? 

Somerville, J., student-at-law 87 

Greer, John, labourer 89 

Brown, A. V., Lynes & Brown 91 

Blydon, John, labourer 91 

Hill, Joseph, tinsmith 93 

BAY STREET. 
(Unnumbered.) 

Bergin, Patrick, labourer. 
Cassidy, James, Tailor. 
Catreal, J., blacksmith, bay shore. 
Hurley, D., steward steamer America. 
Teenor, Patrick, M.D. 
Watson, R. & Co., printers and publish 
ers, British Canadian. 

BIBHOP STREET. 
i Munro, John, shoemaker. 

BEACH STREET. 
(Unnumbered.) 

East of Parliament street, third street 
north of King street East. 
Morrison, J., labourer. 
Thompson, James, carter. 

BEVERLEY STREET. 
( Unnumbered.) 

First street west of John street, com 
mences on Queen street and runs north. 
Wainwright, Sam., currier. 
Perry, Martin, carpenter. 
Bryant, Daniel, waiter (coloured). 
Connor, James, labourer. 
Small, Thomas, currier. 
Williams, Alfred, blacksmith. 

BOULTON STREET. 
(North side--odd). 

First street north of Kincr street west, 
j runs west from Racquet Court to Sim- 
I coe street. 

I Brown, George, cabman 1 

; Desmonde, Dennis 8 

; Munro, Maekey, porter 5 

; Orris, Thos., carter 7 

Owens, Thos., labourer 9 

i Turner, Jas., jr., plasterer 10. 

Wyatt, Charles, . 13 

BOULTON STREET. 
(North side Unnumbered.) 

Trebilcock, John, Union Inn. 

Thomas, John, sailmaker. 

Viders, Thos., carpenter. 

Sturzaker. James N., harnessmaker. 

Shanklin, Robert, labourer. 

Luscombo, Wm., bookkeeper, 

Lewis, A. labourer. 

Bone, William, carpenter. 

Brovrnlove. Wm., labourer. 

Cnlahan, Wm., blacksmith. 

Cline, George, shoemaker. 

Coarl, John, carpenter. 

Downey. Michael, labourer. 

English, Samuel, labourer. 

Flanuery- Wm., labourer. 



LANDMARKS OF TORONTO. 



177 



BOULTON STREET. 
(South side Unnumbered.) 
Orr, Henry, painter. 
Nolan, James, Commisserat Dept. 
Murray, John, French polisher, 
McNally, Wm., blacksmith. 
Leach, Enoch, harnessmaker 
Daly, Patrick. 
Geddes, H., blacksmith. 
Halvey, Thos., labourer 
Higgins, Thos., plasterer. 
Hill, Robert, tinsmith. 
Howden, Samuel, labourer. 
Jones, Thos., shoemaker. 
King. D., labourer. 

BOND STREET. 
(East side Even.) 

Forms the west side of McGill square. 
Workman, Samuel, of Workman 
Bros 4 

BOND STREET. 

(Unnumbered East side.) 
Scott, Peter, stonecutter. 
Gait, John, at A. B. Thome & Co. s. 
Leslie, Joseph. 

BOND STREET. 
(West side Odd.) 

Bernard, Thos. Pope ^. 3 

BOND STREET. 
(Unnumbered West side.) 
Mills, Richard, labourer. 

CARLTON STREET. 
(South side even.) 

Commences at Yonge street, near the 
College avenue, and runs east. 

Edmonds, Elisha, barber 4 

Edmonds, Thos H., merchant tailor 16 

Duggan, George, tailor 20 

(South siide unnumbered.) 
Lillie, Rev. Adam, Congregational. 
Cattley, G. W., engineer s assistant. 
Eccles, Hugh. 
Eccles, H. and W., barristers. 

(North side unnumbered.) 
Twohy, Henry, captain steamboat. 
Telfer, W. G., clerk, Montreal Bank. 
Rose, John, basket maker. 
Holland, George B., Manager Royal Mail 

Steamship Company. 
James, Robert, builder. 
Joeelin, J., of J. E. Ellis & Co. 

CAROLINE STREET. 

(East side even.) 

Third street east of market square 
on King street, commences at the bay 
and runs north, to Queen street. 

Robinson, Ezekiel, mason .. 12 

Carroll, Patrick, tailor 14 

Oliver, John, painter 16 

Kidd, C., teiloress 18 



Condry, John, labourer 20 

Bradley, Dr. O. R. 
Irwin, Archibald. 
Jewell, Robert, brewer. 
Justice, Thomas, farrier. 
Lamontaign^, Chas., cabman. 
Mullen, Edward, tinsmith. 
Quinn, Terence, maltster. 
Ross, Wm., carpenter. 
Rowenn, Henry, plasterer. 
Scott, George, carpenter. 
Wright, Mathew. painter. 

CENTRE STREET. 
(Unnumbered.) 

Commences at Osgoode street, in rear 
of Osgoode Hall, and runs north. 
Withrow, James. 

Woods, George, labourer (coloured.) 
Tomlinson, Samuel, labourer. 
Cantwell, Jacob, labourer. 
Cope, Wm., painter. 
Coulson, Samuel, messenger B.N.A. 
Consby, Hnry. labourer (Coloured.) 
Donohue, Patrick, labourer. 
Douglas, James, painter. 
Dunseeth, Robert, carpenter. 
Evans, James, carpenter. 
Evans, Robert, carpenter. 
Evans, William, labourer. 
Finch, William, carpenter. 
Gibbs, Robert, cook (coloured.) 
Goff, Thomas, painter. 
Hassard, Richard, painter. 
Holborn, John, tailor. 
Hunter, Wm., sailor, (coloured.) 
Jarvis, Arthur, carpenter. 
Jenkins, Samuel, plasterer. 
Johnston, Samuel, carpenter. 
Kendrick, Geo., carpenter. 
Knight, Edward, bricklayer. 
Leech, Francis, painter. 
Lilly, Wm., painter. 
McElroy, Daniel, carpenter. 
McLennan, Charles, carpenter. 
McMullen, Peter, labourer. 
Morrow, George, tailor. 
Morrow, Patrick, carpenter. 
Noble, John, painter. 
Roberts, John, labourer (coloured.) 
Smith, Wm., painter. 
Steel, George, carpenter. 
Willard, William, carpenter. 
Withrow, James. 

CHARLE3 STREET. 
(Unnumbered.) 

Commences at Yonge street, near tht 
tollgate and runs east. 
Corbier, Joseph, butcher. 
Duncan, Samuel, lather. 
Swallow, Daniel. 
Wetherell, Joseph, butcher. 
Worthy, Thomas, labourer. 

CHURCH STREET. 
(East side even.) 
First street west of the Market, 



178 



LANDMARKS OF TORONTO. 



commences at the Bay and runs north ; Bentley, John, druggist. 

Carlton street. j Brown, Joseph, mason. 

Edmonds, ElLsha, barber (coloured) 4 j Browne, John, wharf keeper. 

Smith, Thomas, shoemaker 6 Carr, Samuei. 

Vance, James, watchmaker ; j Chapman, F., clerk B. A. F. & L. 

Steward, William, jun , saddler... 12 j & Insurance Company. 

Judge, J., shoemaker ; Ward, E., Crickmore, John, solicitor. 

jeweller 14 ; Edwards, William, saddler. 

Bell, William, watchmaker 16 j Erskine, Jane. 

Edwoods, W. B., barbar (coloured) 18 , Farquhar, James, stonecutter. 

Miller, Robert B., attorn sy 20 j Fell, Frederick, printer. 

Lindsay, J., North of Ireland Inn... 24 i Grant, Alexander, barrister. 

Alexander, Robert, fire inspector... 28 i Henderson, Margaret Jane, Edinboro 

DLxon, William, painter 80 i Castle. 

Douglas, Edward, labourer ; Lee, I Hunter, Alexander, teacher. 

Thomas, labourer 32 i Hunter, Hamilton, district superin- 

Herrick, George, M. D., prof, of tendent of education. 

midwifery 48 i Langton, David, M. D. 

Metcalf, H., of Metcalf & Cheney 52 ] McCutcheon, James, McGill square. 

Kneeshaw, K., of Lyman & Co 54 | McDonald, Arthur, of McD. & Co. 

Bilton, George, merchant tailor 56 McVeagh, Robert, carpenter. 

Anderson, T., general superintend- Maitland, John, distiller. 

ent Indian Affairs 58 Maitland, Robert, wharfinger. 

Roy John, surveyor of customs 60 i Moody, Robert, carpenter. 

Clarke, J. P., professor of music 62 Mudford, Charles, tailor. 

Rogers, Fred, bookkeeper 64 Price, Oliver, carpenter. 

Thompson, Samuel, of Rowsells & Quinn, John, steward City of Toronto. 

Thompson 68 Ramsay, William, barrister. 

Balfour, John, bookkeeper 70 Rogers, John, bookseller s clerk. 

Wyllie, George B., salesman ......... 72 Shields, Patrick, labourer. 

Hurd, Major S. P., 76 Shortt, Thomas S., bookkeeper B. N. S. 

Savigney, J. H 78 Snow, B. R., Epicurean Recess (col- 

Eccles, H., barrister 80 oured). 

Chettle, Thomas, of Hamilton, Starke, Alexander, steamboat engineer. 

Hales & Co 82 Stearns, William, provision store. 

piTn-Doti CTT3T7ITT1 Sullivan, A. B., clerk Division Court. 

Telfer, Walter, M. D. 

(West side odd.) Tamblyn, William, carpenter. 

iWright, Charles & William, barbers 1 Trotter, James, city assessor. 

Ryan, Thomas, Crown and Anchor i Welsh, Henry J. 

Inn 7 Williamson, William, bookkeeper. 

O Neil, Edward, hatter 9 j Wright, William, mason. 

Jordan, E., cabman 0.1 Young, Charles, mate steamboat. 

Allen, G. Q., Bondhead Inn (13 COLLEGE AVENUE. 

Briscoe, A. D.; Brown, James (15 (Unnumbered.) 

Gamble & Boulton, barristers ; _ 

Gamble, Clarke, barrister 19 Commences at Qrueen street west of 

Purdy, William, labourer 33 ; Osgoode Hall and runs north to the 

Collins John, waiter 35 i University, and thence runs east to 

Kerr, John, shoemaker ; Proudlove, I Yonge street. 

John 37 i Wedd, John, superintendent College 

Wilson, John, confectioner 39 j grounds. 

Cochlin, P., labourer ; O Dea, J., ; Henley, William, butcher. 

shoemaker 41 i Layton, Henry, Caer Howell. 

Dunn, James, labourer ; Ryan, E., COLBORNE STREET. 

i Q Vv~yn T*^T* 43 

McDowell, JT white s^van Inn I"::: 45 (South side-even;) 

Caldwell, J.," carter; Mitchell, P., First street south ; of King street 

carter 47 east; commences at the Market Square 

Farr, Mrs. T. J., widow 51 and runs west. 

Harte, Thomas, teacher 55 Brown, George, shoemaker; Platt, 

De Grassi, Alfred, agent .. 67 i Jo>hn, Six John Moore Inn 2) 

rmTRPH C;TT?VT?T Henderson, Pat, Sligo Inn. 

lifiKT. Campbell, Samuel, Londonderry Inn. 8 

(Unnumbered.) Wallis, James, Red Lion Inn 12 

Begg, Alexander, carpenter. Howard, G., marketman; Morris, G., 

Bell, John, barrister. labourer 1* 



LANMDARKS OF TORONTO. 



179 



Wood, Richard, provision store 

HaJlet, Win., dancing master 

(South side unnumbered.) 
Willard, G. B., of Wragg & Co. 
Poison, John, shoemaker. 
Bunbury, John, shoemaker. 
Boyle, Patrick, labourer. 
Aitken, Tom, Tarn o Shanter Inn. 



16 
18 



Donovan, Robert, hatter 

(North side unnumbered.) 
Toy, Win., provision store. 
Strachan, Wm., grain dealer. 
Stinson, Thomas, labourer. 
Sproule, Wm., labourer. 
Putsey, Amos, tailor. 
Nettleton, Richard, waiter. 
Crombie, M. C., teacher. 
Connell, John, labourer. 
Clinkinboomer, Joseph, tailor. 
Boyle, Charles, carter. 



COLBORNE STREET. 
(North side odd.) 

Scarlett, J., innkeeper 1 ; 

(sale., Wm., labourer 3 i Tvrrr<TJT-o< 

McCarthy, J., British Queen Inn... 5 ! CnEt=S ****** 

Bowman, John, innkeeper 9 (South side even.) 

Hutcheson, James O., Royal saloon... 11 Farrell, John, labourer 2 

(North side unnumbered.) | Murphy, N., shoemaker; Welsh, J., 

B 

CROOKSHANK STREET. Nelson, Samuel, contractor ._.."! 12 

(South side-unnumbered.) i Hf 1 ^. T., butcher ; Barrett, Wm., 

a , , ,. labourer ; McEniry, M., shoemaker 14 

Second street north of Queen street McCabe, L., shoemaker... 16 

East, commences at Tonge street and , ROSS) George, lake captain . 18 

Bastg .; Bolger, James., shoemaker 20 

Ellis, Thomas, labourer. j Tweedy, Robert, soap boiler 22 

(North side unnumbered.) i Pells, Wm., bricklayer 24 

Davies, Thomas, painter. ar Y, is A "^ rt tinsmith 28 

Davies, Mrs., dressmaker. Coulter, Wm., carter ; Harahy, M., 

Lain, Wm., shoemaker. a ? " : ~ 

Moore, Patrick, cooper. ?^ don> Ja ^ es engineer 32 

Richardson, Wm., miller. Ludgate, J., apothecary 36 

r-T?nr>T^c!Tj A V-TT- T A -VT? Cochran, James, mason 38 

,ROOKSHANK LANE. ; Donaghi Jo h n , shoemaker; Long- 

(East side -Unnumbered.) moor, James, jr., Longmoor, Jas., 

Commences at Queen street, near \ s*- printers ; Longmoor, William, 

Bathurst street, and runs north. printer (rear; 40 

Ellis, Abraham, labourer. Kelly, Thos., carter ; Rennie, J., cab- 
Ellis, Dennis, labourer. inetmaker 42 

Murchison, John. Allen, John, market man 44 

Sullivan, Michael, turner. Hollinger, J., carter 46 

..__,,, Thompson, John, saddler 48 

JJuGLLhoo STREET. Murray, George, carter; Carruthers, 

CNorth side odd.) John, cabman 50 

Second street north of King street, DUCHESS STREET, 

on the east side of Nelson street, runs (South side unnumbered.) 

east to Parliament street. \ -,, , m ., . , . , 

McCord, A. T., city chamberlain. 

Redgriff John, painter 3 McCaslin, Wm., carter. 

Scanlan, M., carter 11 Jones, John, printer. 

Ford, John H., tinsmith 13 Davis. William. 

Smith, Wm., cabman 25 Ferrar, John, confectioner. 

Collins, Patrick, labourer; Gordon, Flannery, Thomas, pedlar. 

George, tailor 27 Heron, Mrs., widow. 

Croker, Edward, shoemaker 29 nniTR A CJTRP^T 

Kearney, B., pedlar ; McMaster, J... 31 

Magarr, J., city constable 33 (Unnumbered.) 

Towers, Thomas, tailor 35 Commences on Bathurst street north 

Smith, Wm. P., carpenter 37 of the Garrison and runs west. 

Cochrane, Jas., stonecutter ; Hegan, Armitage, J., labourer. 

Thos., tailor; Cochrane David, i Harris, Robert, labourer, 

stonecutter ; Cochrane, John, . Smith, Michael, labourer. 

sculptor 39 Sutherland, Alec, tallow chandler. 

.Willis, James, carpenter 41 Thompson, John, labourer. 



180 



LANDMARKS OF TORONTO. 



DUMMER STREET. 

(Unnumbered.) 

Second street west of College avenue, 
north side of Queen street. 
Beatty, James, carfctg:. 
Blair, William, carpenter. 
Farley, Thomas, gardener. 
Finch, Thomas, labourer. 
Flannigan, John, carpenter, 
Gallagher, Andrew, carpenter. 
Glinn, John, labourer. 
Graham, W. M., labourer. 
Hanen, David, carpenter. 
Hunter, John, labourer. 
Mclntosh, J. L., teacher. 
Mullens, Patrick, carpenter. 
Nickel, John, labourer. 
O Connell, Francis, carpenter. 
Stanlsy, Robert, labourer. 
Telfer, Thomas, labourer. 
Williams, John, labourer (coloured). 
Wray, George, carpenter. 
Magnan, James, carpenter. 
McCarthy, John, porter. 
Durant, Edward, bricklayer. 
Adams, Wm., baker. 

DON STREET. 
(Unnumbered.) 

West of Don bridge; commences at 
King street and runs south. 
Sea,rson, John, teamster. 
Price, J^s?ph, labourer. 
Busby, Mrs., widow. 
Farrell, Michael, labourer. 
Gallagher, Dennis, labourer. 
Johnston, John, gardener. 
Lang, Joseph, labourer. 
Marsh, Leonatrd. 

Monkman, George, toll-keeper, Don 
bridge. 

DUKE STREET. 
(North side odd.) 

First street north of King street, on 
the east side of Nelson street; runs 
t to Parliament street. 

, Wm., baker 

McPherson, Alex., clerk 17 

Harris, Thomas D., hardware 19 

Filgiano, Catharine, widow 21 

Ridout, John, Alliance Fire Ins. ... 23 
Smith, Thompson, timber merchant 25 

O Neil, P. J., of O Neil Bros 27 

Reford, Grace, widow, Adam, Rev. 

W.: Davis, John, teacher 36 

Thomp-on, Samuel, road contractor 41 

McCarthy. T., labourer 43 

Gzowski, Casimir S., civil engineer. 73 

Foster, Thomas, carter 85 

McKee, H., tailor 87 

Dunn, Patrick 89 

Mullholland, H., labourer; Brooks, 
G., bricklayer; Lewis, D., black 
smith; Pearsall, Sam, blacksmith; 
Smith, Wm., wheelwright 93 



Parkinson, Reuben, wheelwright 97 

(South side even.) 
Hinge, Chas., labourer; McLaren, 

H., carter 2 

Bethune, Dcnald, steamboat prop.... 6 
ProudfoDt, Wm., president Bank of 

Upper Canada 

Primrose, Francis, M.D 

Graham, George, clerk 24 

McClure, R., auctioneer 34 

Baby, J., attorney; Macmrnara, cl >rk 

engineer s department 42 

Wannoll, Charles 44 

Bishop, Paul, blacksmith 46 

Little, J., shoemaker 52 

Clark, Michael, labourer 

Brassingtcm, Richard 62 

Carlile, David, bricklayer 64 

Cavell, Thomas, bricklayer , 66 

DUKE STREET. 
(Unnumbered.) 

Cockburn, Mrs., Young Ladies Semin 
ary. 

Lamantaigne, David, blacksmith. 
Latham, Jacob, builder. 
Ridout, Samuel, ot R. & P. 
Smith, Mrs., widow, provision store. 
Sunderland, John, huckster. 

DUNDAS ROAD. 
(East side even.) 

Runs north from the toll-gate on 
Queen street for about a quarter of 
a mila and then runs west. 

Dennison, Richard L., distiller 2 

EDWARD STREET. 
(South side unnumbered.) 

Fifth street nclrth of Queen street 
west; commences at Yonge street and 
runs west. 

Thompson, Wm., blacksmith (coloured). 
Turner, Thotmas, shoemaker. 
Stubbs, Mrs., widow. 
Stoekdale, Wm., carpenter. 
Smith, John, rope-maker (coloured). 
Simple, John, plasterer. 
Sharpe, Ri:hard, labourer. 
Severs, James, bailiff. 
Sampson, David, tailor. 
Riddell, Joseph, mason. 
Popplewell, Henry, patent scale maker. 
Pollock, Robert, stonecutter. 
Bailey, Edward, tailor. 
Barnes, Richard, carpenter. 
Beo, Thomas, lalxcurer (coloured). 
Blunt, Wm., ginger beer maker. 
Brown, John, printer. 
Captain, William, plasterer. 
Chatfield, Joseph, carpenter. 
Drew, Christopher, labourer. 
Ellis, John, bricklayer. 
Granger, John, labourer. 



LANDMARKS OF TORONTO 



181 



EDWARD STREET. 
(North side unnumbered.) 
Williams, Thomas, weaver. 
Peggs, Robert, labourer. 
Orr, J. O., M.D. 
Nangle, Mary Ann, widow. 
Moore, James, butcher. 
McClennan, Hugh, labourer. 
Hall, Ephraim, lath-maker. 
Halsted, George, labourer. 
Hall, Silas, labclurer. 
HcJgg, Thomas, printer. 
Howard, Nicholas, labourer (coloured). 



I Dandy, Thomas, jun., carpenter 75 

I Dandy, Thomas, sr., carpenter 77 

Duffus, Alex, carpenter; Andersonl 

Johm, labourer 

I Hearst, Thomas, carpenter 81 

Bailey, William, axe maker 87 

ELIZABETH STREET. 
(Unnumbered.) 

Carter, William, carter. 
Chambers, David, carpenter. 
Colter, John, tailor. 
Cook, John, carpenter. 



Cooper, John, labourer. 
Cope, Thomas, carpenter. 
Coupland, Thomas, shoemaker. 
Cronyn, John, labourer. 
Curl, Daniel, blacksmith. 
Cuttell, Thomas, printer. 
Dandy, James, Carpenter. 
Davis, Reece, bricklayer. 
Devall, William, blacksmith. 
Dowson, John, bricklayer. 



Johnston, Geo., painter (coloured). 
Johnston, Thomas, labourer. 
Jofllands, Benjamin, tailor. 
Large, James, labourer. 
Moore, Henry, butcher. 

ELIZABETH STREET. 
(East side sven.) 

Third street west of Yonge street, 
runs north from Queen street. 

Aiken, Alex., shoemaker 6 i Fletcher, Alex., carpenter. 

Mowat, George, shoemaker; Evans 1 , : Graham, John, labourer. 

James, carpenter; Jones, William t ; Gray, Richard, axe maker. 

bricklayer, (rear) 8 Griffith, Wm., Bush Inn. 

Warner, Mrs., widow 10 Handy, Pat, store. 

Mearns, Mrs., widow 14 Harrington, Timothy, labourer. 

Laney, William, porter 16 Irving, John, labourer. 

Brown, M., carpenter; Reid/, A., i Jarman, H. W. and John, carpente 

carter 18 Joyce, John, store. 

Steel, J., labourer 20 Kennedy, John, carpenter. 

Orr, Maria, groceries 28 Kerr, William, carpenter. 

GLassford, John, carter 32 Kines, Wm., labourer. 

Johnston, Eliza, tailoress; Simpsocv Levistun, David, labourer. 

A., brickliyer - 34 Long, John, labourer. 

Harrod, John, cook, (coloured) 42 McAulay, James, labourer. 

Crawford, Hamilton, carpenter 44 Martin, J. J., provision store. 

McAulay, J., carter 46 Miller, Alex., clerk. 

Spence, J., carpenter 48 i Mitchell, John, bricklayer, (coloured.) 



Moffatt, John, carpenter. 
Needham, William, stove mounter. 
Noakes, John, labourer, (coloured.) 



ELIZABETH STREET. 
(West side odd.) 

Reaghill, J., painter ........................... 3 < Organ, John, carpenter 

Wright, Charles, blacksmith ............ 5 j Qliphant, John, cabinet maker. 

Lewis, A., labourer (coloured) ......... 7 palmer, John, painter. 

Lynch, J., labourer, (rear); Mo Robertson, George, carpenter. 

Dougall, J., carpenter . ................. Robinson, William, provision store. 

Benns, William, blacksmith ............... 11 g^aw, George, carpenter. 

Mullen, F., waiter, (coloured) ............ 13 > Stanley, John, carpenter. 

Larkin, M., labourer; WhiteJiead/, ! Stevenson, Thomas, printer. 

John, cutter ................................. 15 ; street, Isaac B., 

Wheeler, James, commissariat de- i gtuart, Charles, carter. 

partment ............. , ................... 19 ; Wallace, David, bricklayer. 

Henry, William, bricklayer; Robert- j Wallace, Wm., inn keeper. 

son, John, carpenter .... .................. 41 i Willis, George, 

Kemp, John, lake captain ............... 43 j Wilson, Abraham, labourer. 

Bone, William, tailor .... .................... 45 j ELIZA STREET. 

Wilson, Henry, carpenter ............... 47 

Ferrett. Henry, carpenter .............. 49 

Flinn, James, carpenter .................. 51 

Cowen, Francis, labourer .................. od 

Dandy, William, carpenter ............... 

Crouch W. M., waiter (coloured) ...... 63 Adams, Mrs., widow. 



(Unnumbered.) 



Rung weat out of 

Adam, ale brewer. 

" 



avenue, 



182 



LANDMARKS OF TORONTO. 



FRANCIS STREET. 

(East side sven.) 

Commences at King street, opposite 
the market and runs north. 
Fitzpatrick, James, lalourer ...... 12 

FRANCIS STREET. 
(West side odd.) 

Bannerman, John, inn 1 

Lemon, J., tea dealer 5 

Saulter, Thomas, Crown Inn 7 

McGough, Thomas 9 

Fish, Moses, carpenter 11 

Cunningham, MLhatl, lalourer 15 

Malien, M., labourer 17 

Wa&eman, William, hatter; Eon- 
nelly, John, market man 19 

FRANCIS STREET. 

( Unnumbered.) 



O Neil, John, labourer. 
McEwen, Wm., labourer. 
Grasett, G. R., M.D. 
Fingletcn, James, labourer. 

FREDERICK STREET. 

( Unnumbered.) 

Second street east o the market 
square ; commences at the bay and runs 
north to Duke street. 
Forbes, James, labourer. 
Groves, John, messenger Can:i ; a Com 
pany. 

FRONT STREET. 

(South side even.) 

Runs in front of the bay, from the 
scuth-weat corner of the market square 
west to the market. 

Grimvvxod, Wm., livery -0 

Bowes, John G 22 

Thome, B. & Co., importers i>S 

Thompson, Henry, of B. Thome 

& Co 40 

(North side odd.) 

Hammond, Wm., labourer 19 

Arthurs, W 21 

Bowes, Ewaj-t & Hall -" , 

Stone, John, innkeeper 31 

Gould, O. A., innkeeper 35 

Gray, Joseph, bookkeeper; Mason, 
Thomas, flour and meal dealers... 37 
FRONT STREET. 
(Unnumbered.) 

Boys, Henry, M.D., Bursar K. C. N. 
Burns. Robert, D. D., Presbyterian 

Church of Canada. 
Cody, Jaraes, cooper. 
Colcleugh, William, captain Princess 

Royal. 

Courtney, Thos., labourer. 
Craig & Nisbit, carpenters. 
Crookshank, Hon. George. 
Davis, George, cabman. 
Dorsay, Matthew, labourer. 



Dwan, Michael. 

Freeland, Peter, of Freeland & Taylor. 

Gleaves, William, messenger. 

Heward, John, clerk Montreal Bank. 

Heward, Mrs., widow. 

Hickman, James, innke^npr 

Horwood, G. C., N. A. Hotel. 

Jameson, Hon. Robert c\, vice-chancel 
lor. 

Jones, John, Royal Standard inn. 

Jones, Hon. Jonas, judge Queen s Bench. 

Morrow, W., messenger K. C. N. 

Nisbit, Thos., of Craig & Nisbit. 

O Dogherty, James, ship carpenter. 

Orris, Daniel, messenger K. C. N. 

Pearson, Robert, clerk Crown Office. 

Perkins, F. & G., general wholesale 
merchants. 

Powell, Mrs. Major. 

Radenhurst, John, land agent. 

Rennie, William, Exchange Hote*. 

Richardson, Capt. Hugh, steamboat pro 
prietor. 

Scott, Thos.. stage coach agent. 

Sherwood, Hon. L. P. 

Slaughter, Junius, barber. 

Small, Chas. C., clerk Crown and Pleas. 

Smith, Larrat, of Smith, Crooks & S. 

Spragg, John G.. Master-in-Chancery. 

Stanton, Robt., Collector of Customs. 

Strachan, J. M., of Strachan & Cam 
eron. 

Strachan, Hon. and Rt. Rev. John, 
D.D., Episcopal Bishop of Toronto. 

Symons, W., innkeeper. 

Thomas, Thos., innkeeper. 

Tinning, Richard, wharfinger. 

Torrance, Alex., tailor. 

Torrance, A., shoemaker. 

Baldwin, Hon. Robert. 

Baldwin, W. A. 

Barfield, Samuel, labourer. 

Gardner. Mrs., widow. 

Gilkison, D., Bursar s office. 

Gilkison, Mrs., organist St. James 
Cathedral. 

Widder, Frederick, of Canada Co. 

Wright, Edward, boarding house. 

GEORGE STREET. 
(East side even.) 

irst street east of the Market Square; 
ccttnmences at the Bay and runs north 
to Queen street. 

Walseley, Mrs., -widow f> 

Home, Mrs. R. C., widow 8 

Rocque, Francois, carter; Miller, J., 
coffee house keeper; Brown, Jas., 

cabman 16 

Brookes, Mrs., matron; Fenwyok*, 
Kenneth, theological student; 
Bayne, Thomas, theo. student; 
Geikie, John, student; Hay, Win., 
student ; Marling, F., theo. stu 
dent; Learight, T., theo. student; 
Lancashire, Henry, theo. student. 18 

McCord, Andrew T ~ () 

Austin, John, blacksmith 22 



LANDMARKS OF TOR )N T TO. 



183 



i 

Harrison, R., clerk of market ......... 

Graham, John, auctioneer ............ 42 | 

(East side unnumbered.) 
Woodley, Thomas, tailor. 
Stewart, Alex., butcher. 
Ridout, Thos. G., cashier B. N. C. 
McManus, J., cooper. 
Duggan, George, ST., coroner. 
Birchall, T. W., director Assurance Co. i 

GEORGE STREET. 
(West side odd.) ^ 
Steward, Mrs., school; Steward, 

Win., clerk, B. A. F. Ins. Co .......... 

Walton, George, coroner ............... 

Lapsley, Win ............................... 

Marks, Robt., labourer; Mclntee, J., 

labourer; Malkmeis, N., cabinet 

maker; O Hara, Anthony, waiter; 

Smith, Michael, marketman ......... 

Raymond, P., saddler .................. 

Wilson, Wm_, Rose and Crown Inn. 
Tracy, Wm., shoemaker .................. 

Rogers, P., labourer ..................... 

Nisbet, Verner, baker .................... 

Swanton, Geo., sexton St. James 

Cathjidral ................................. 

Hughes, Wm., bricklayer ............... 

Welsh, R., labourer; Dixon, Wm., 

bricklayer; Stewart, Henry ......... 

Jordan, S., peddler ..................... 

Mulvey, Thcs., labourer; Taylor, 

Samuel, labourer ........................ 



5 



21 
25 j 
27 | 
29 
37 



43 

45 
47 

49 



GERRARD STREET. 

(Unnumbered.) 

Third street north of Queen street 
east; commences at Yonge strete and 
runs east. 

Elliott, John, clerk District Council. 
Howard, J. S., treasurer H. D. Court 

House. 

Perrin, W. L., of W. L. P. & Co. 
Keiller, J., accountant Bank of Mont 

real. 

Jackson, John, builder. 
Kellet, Joseph, bricklayer. 

HUNTER S LANE. 
(Unnumbered.) 

Booth, William, labourer. 
Caufield, Hugh. 
Healy, Daniel, labourer. 
Machar, E.. ship carpenter. 
Reid, Siman, labourer. 
Spence, David, sailor. 
Tuttle, Robert, labourer. 
Wiggins, Wm., sailor. 

NEAR ST. JAMES CEMETERY. 
(Unnumbered.) 

King, Wm., butcher. 
Sando, Thos., butcher. 
Welsh, James, labourer. 
Wood, Robert, butcher. 



ST. JAMES STREET. 

(Unnumbered.) 

In the Park, north of Queen street. 
Devitt, John, labourer. 
Donohoe, Joseph, carpenter. 
McAvoy, Wm., labourer. 
Morris, Michael, labourer. 
O Brien, Moses, labourer. 
Rigney, John, labourer. 
Rigney, Michael, labourer. 
Ross, Donald, sailor. 
Vatcher, David, mason. 

JARVIS STREET. 

(Unnumbered.) 

Continuation of Nelson street, northi 
from Queen street. 
Bain, Sam, sailor. 
Jarvis, Samuel P. 
Simpson, Richard, of J. Crossley & Co. 

JOHN STREET. 
(Unnumbered.) 

Fifth street west of Yonge street. 
on King street, commences at the bay 
and runs north. 
Anderson, John, stonemason. 
Blake, William Hume, professor of law. 
Boulton, D Arcy, sr. 
Boulton, Mrs. William, widow. 
Cameron, Mrs. Col., widow. 
Cay ley, Hon. Wm., near John. 
Coppin, Mrs., widow. 
Devlin, Henry, sailor. 
Edwards, John, carpenter. 
Fortye, Mrs. widow. 
Gray, Thomas, labourer. 
Gregg, Andrew, carpenter. 
Harvey, Mrs. widow. 
Hughes, John. 
McBurney, John, labourer. 
Mullen, .tames, carpenter. 
Myers, Wm., labourer. 
Peard, John, shoemaker. 
Price, Henry, second English master 

U. C. C. 

Robinson, Lukm, barrister. 
Shortis, Thomas, clerk Crown Land s 

office, near Adelaide. 
Smith, James, carpenter. 

JAMES STREET. 
(West side even.) 

First street west of Yonge street, 
commences at Queen street and runs 
north. 

Jamieson, George, teacher 4 

Kerr, Robert, captain steamer Am 
erica../ 

Blackford, Anthony 

Forbes, William, carpenter 

Tatham, Kerr Wm 

Struthers, J., upholsterer 18 

JAMES STREET. 
(Ur numbered.) 

Thompson, Win., laboure*-, 
Maddock, El., plasterer. 



184 



LANDMARKS OF TORONTO. 



Hussey, Miss Jenny, Ladies Seminary. 
Dow, Robert, plasterer 

JAMES STREET. 
(East side even.) 

Foley, Thomas, labourer 1 

Hirschfelder, J. M., Hebrew tutor... 5 
Allen, Alex, mate, (rear); Naughlon, 
T., shoemaker; Urquhart, Hector, 
carpenter; Williamson, John, shoe 
maker (rear) 7 

Russell, D., engineer 9 

Purkiss, J., ship carpenter 11 

White, Isaac, mason 13 

KING STREET EAST. 

(South side even.) 

The main street of the city ; com{- 
mences at Ycqage street and runs east 
to the Don bridge. 

Betley & Brown, dry goods 2 

AlcSherry, E. H., hatter; Sherwcod, 

E., law student 4 

Wheeler, Thomas, watchmaker 6 

Richardson, Francis, chemist and 

druggist 8 

Walker & Hutchinscn, clothiers 10 

CornLsh, John, shoemaker; Thomp 
son, Thos., shoe store 12 

McCord, Miss, dressmaker 14 

Walker, Charles and William, mer 
chant tailors 16 

Paterson, Peter, dry-goods 22 

Creighton, Win., Smith, Crooks & 

Smith, barristers 24 

Webb, Thomas, shoemaker 28 

Rcssin Bros., importers of jewellery 32 

Brett, R. H., merchant 34 

Ccons, N. G., dry goods 38 

Wakefield, Wm., auctioneer 04 

iWightman, George, of R. W. & Co.; 

Wightman, R. & Co 42 

Morris, H. & T., china, glass; Stev- \ 

enson, T. H., artist 41 

Cullen, Mrs., boarding house; Mc 
Donald, R., clerk; Kay, John.sales- 
man Ross, Mitchell & Co.; Spreull. 
Samuel, clerk Bank B.N.A.; KLs- 
sock, D. & W., wholesale and re 
tail grocers 46 

Brewer, R., stationer; Cleland, J., 

painter 48 

McConkey, T., confectioner 50 

Smith & Maodonell, wholesale and 

retail grocers 54 

Medley, A. O., manager B.N.A.: 
Vandersmissen, Henry, bcok- 
keepar; Vandersmissen, Mi.-:s, toys 

and fancy gcods 50 

Joseph, J. G., optician 58 

Dunlop, Eliz., confectioner GO 

Eaglesum & Co., dry goods d 2 

Rrice McMurrich & Co., dry go^-ln... (Vl 

Banlenach, Alex., grocer G(] 

McKeand, Paterscn & Co.: Pat/r- 
scn, Thomas i 8 



Braham, Alfred, clothier 

Shaw, Turnbull & Co., retail dry 

goods; Shaw, James 

Cant, George, dry goods 

Campbell & Hunter, sarWles 

I Rogers, Joseph, hatter, etc 

j O Biime, Martin J., clothier 

i Atkinsrn, William, saddler 

Hill, Miss, dressmaker, Whewall & 

Fetch, dry gcods 

I Mullholland, J. & Co., chinaware 

Stann Q .tt, Wm., watchmaker 

I Brewster, Richard, labourer 

j McGlashan, J. & J., dry goods 

i Mount joy, J. R. dry goods 

j Lyman, Kneeshaw & Co., druggists 
Foster, James, shoe store; O Dea, F., 

Clothing 

| Logan, F., fancy goods; Vankoug- 

net, P., of Burns & Mowat 

Morrison, Angus, barrister; Gilles- 

pie, Malcolm, dry goods 

McFarlane, Walter, dry grorls 

Henderson, Wm., grocer; O Brien, 

H. M., attorney 

Miller, Hugh, chemist 

j Dwyer, John, grocer; Lee, E. W. & 

Co., dry goods 

! Beatty & Marsh, grocers 

Cleal, D., baker 

! Kelly, W. C. & Co., grocers, whole- 



sale and retail 



70 

72 
74 
76 
78 
80 
82 

84 
86 
88 
90 
92 
94 
96 

98 
100 

102 
104 

114 
Hlfi 

.118 
120 
122 

126 



i Thomson, John, wholesale and retail 
grocer 1 8 

B -unskill, Thomas, auctioneer "30 

Monro, George, wholesale merchant 134 

Denison, G. T., jr., barrister 138 

Foster, Wm.; Armstrong, Tom, shoe 
maker 140 

Beatty, James, leather merchant... 142 
; Mullaney, P., butcher; Wallis, Thos., 

grocer 144 

l Bloxom, Dan l, Ton in Coffee Hor.s- 150 
! Harris, Mrs., stay ranker 152 

St. Hilaire, Francois, hainssmakar 154 

Smith, Wm., tallow chandler 156 

O Brien, E. G., secretary T. L. H. 
Railroad Company 

Blandtn, Lucy, dressmaker; Cleal, 
Jacob, baker 

Buttery, Thomas, vet. surgeon 

Walker, John 

Lumsden, Margaret, store 

Wright, John, innkeeper 

! Knowles, Francis, labourer; Leary, 
J., labourer 

Conlin, Henry, flour and grain 

; dealer 

; McCormack, A., blacksmith 188 

Goldsmith, Henry i 90 

; Lenfesty, P., grocer 1 

Silvans, Max, harness maker 194 

i .Hftotty, Adam, innkeeper 1 

Sullivon, F., wheelwright 198 



162 
16G 
172 

174 

176 
180 



LAM DM ARKS OF TORONTO. 



185 



Beaven, John W., cooper 200 

Cubitt, Wm., baker 202 

Leary, Philip, groceries, Moore, 

Wm., labourer 208 

Love, B., labourer, 210 

Pltmkett, John, tinsmith 212 

Dowd, Dennis, labourer; Leary, P., 
carter 220 

KING STREET EAST. 
(North side odd.) 

Ridcut Bros., hardware merchants... fl 
Bethune & Blackstcne, barristers; 
Lepper, Arthur, dry goods ; Mc 
Donnell, A., barrister 8 

Hall, Wm., tailor; Love, R., druggist 5 
Saxon, J. F., barrister; Sherwood, S., 
grocer; Miller, D. G., of Muttle- 

bury & Miller, barristers 7 i 

Burgess, T. & M., merchant tailors 9 { 
Lawson, Thomas, merchant tailor ... 11 I 

Glassco, Thos., jr., hatter 13 | 

Nordheimex, A. & S., music store; 

Sullivan & Hector, barristers 15 

Mathieson, D., clothier 17 

Caspar, Samuel, general store 19 

Paterson, David, of P. &, Sons, hard 
ware 21 

Caldwell, Henry, tailor 23 

Christie, John & Son, hardware 25 

Lcsslie Bros., booksellers 27 

L?sslie, J., publisher 29 

Durand, Chas., barrister; Harring 
ton, John, hardware store 31 

Lailes, Thos., jr., tailor; Eastwood, 

John, clothier 33 

Sawdon, George, clothier 35 

Cady, Geo., Scott, H. S. & Co., hard 
ware 41 

Bilton, G. & T., merchant tailors 43 

Walker, George, tailor and draper... 45 
Payne, Geo. F., bookseller ; Thomas, 

Miss, dressmaker 47 

Campbell, Stedman, barrister; Dol- 

mage, W. B., gilder 49 

Featherstou & Townsend, daguerreo- 

typsrs; Crown, Edward, shoemaker 51 
Dempsey, Richard, attorney; Burn, 
Wm. S., accountant; Percy Mat 
thew, dry gcods; Thomas, Wm., 

architect 55 | 

Keen, Rev. Anson, Guardian office 57 j 
Nicholls, H. E., land agent; Duggan 
Brcs., barristers; Mussen, W., 

tinsmith 59 | 

O Brien, Mrs., dressmaker; O Brien, 

Wm.; Sewell, C., watchmaker 61 

Nicol, George, dry goods 63 

ONeil, T. J.; Gait, Thos., barrister; 
Harrison & Foster, barristers; Rid- 
out & Phillips, grocers 05 

O Neil, Brrs., auctioneers 67 

Gothard, Thomas, tailor P>9 

FTstings, Richard, dry gcods 71 



Cheney, George H. & Co., stove 

manufacturers 75 

Ross, W. C., grocer 77 

Romain Bros., dry goods 79 

Reynolds, Wm., baker 83 

Northcote, R., grocer 85 

Cleggett, D., shoemaker; O Higgins, 

John, clothier 87 

Givan, George & Co., grocers; Gwat- 

kin, R. C., grocer 83 

Hamilton, Andrew, gro3er; O-Dono- 

boe, J., auctioneer 91 

Murray, Alex., of Moffat, M. & Co. 95 
Clarksun, Thomas & Co., auctioneers 95 
Bladen, Aarcn (coloured), dyer; Foy 
i Patrick, Foy & Austin, grocers... 97 
Gary & Brown, grocers; Brooke, 

George, barrister 09 

Wasinidge, & Sen, hardware 101 

Langlois & Bates, growers 103 

Bond, John, cabinetmaker 107 

Teeven, James, blacksmith; Teeven, 

James, shoemaker 103 

Fester, Richard, cutler; Randolph, 

Henry, barber Ill 

Truss, M., shoemaker (coloured) 113 

Sproule, John, wholesale and retail 

grocer 115 

Doherty, John, tinsmith; Tracey, A., 

shoemaker 117 

Griffith, Thomas, shoemaker, John 
son, A., store 119 

Me Murray, T., watchmaker : Shep- 

pard, W., shoemaker 121 

Heighten, Wm.. Thames Tunnel Inn 123 
Mulligan, F.; Mulligan, Mrs., mil 
liner 131 

Thomas, Samuvl, saddler 145 

Stevenson, J., Rising Sun Inn 153 

Meson, J., shoemaker 157 

Watson, R., carpenter 161 

Ward, John, shoemaker 163 

Lgge, Alex., store 169 

Xunan. J., &"ioemaker 171 

Finn, Geo., labourer; Rayrnon- s, B., 
shoemaker; Raymonds, J., shee- 

maker 173 

Graham, John. taUor 175 

Chisholm, A., labourer; Smith, Sam- 

ul, tailor 17 

Hny, John, m?son 13 

Thimp-on, Michael, York Tavern... 18") 

Goldsmith. 1st clerk B.U.C Ifii 

Gurnett, George, clerk of the pprc? HIT 
Murray, C. S., b-okk^per B.U.C... . ^ 

Helliwell. Thomas, brewer 

Crapper. James, overseer gas works :?01 

Small, Ho-n. Jsm<\s V... hirrister 211 

KING STREET WEST. 

(North sr!" odd.) 

Commences at Yonge street, anu runs 
w-^st to the garrison common. 
Champion, Thomas, ass. sac. Church 
Society 5 



186 



LANDMARKS OF TORONTO. 



Hillman, Thomas, cigar divan 9 

Higgins, Wm., high bailiff; Wells & 

Fitzgerald, barristers 11 

Davis, D., tailor (coloured) 17 

Wilson, David, shoemaker 19 

Metcalf, T., bailiff 21 

Wilscn, Wm., blacksmith (cole ured) 23 
Hruston, Julia, dyt:r; Nixon, Jane, 
French stay maker; Stephens, H., 

printer 25 

Heigh, Wm., tinware 27 

Caisse, Leon, Headquarters Res 
taurant 31 

Mink, J., livery stable 33 

Morrison, Thomas D., M.D.; West- 
land, J. P., seedsman and station 
er; Williamson, A. J., bookkeeper 35 
Lysaghf, J., shoemaker ; Wise, 

Henry, staticner 37 

Haigh & Drummond, cabinet makers 39 
Diamond, J., carter; Wilson, Mrs., 

widow 41 

Wilson, William, cashier, Montreal 

Bank 43 

Harcourt, George, tailor 47 

Hocken, R., stoemaker 49 

Mayor, Hoppner, artist; Pell, J. E., 
carver and gilder; Sterling, John 
Charles Lawlor, painter, ...Waterforr * 

and George, shoemakers 51 

Th mas, P., lo k^nrth 53 

Croper, R., law student: Cooper, C. 
W., srlki f or; Phillips, Rev. H. N. 55 

C lnxk, H. H., innkeeper 59 

R u., Angus, racquet c:urt keeper; 
Bateso n, Eothwell, bath keeper... 61 

Lewis, J. C., barber 63 

Howard, John, fancy silk worker 05 

Hnrris, Wm., grocer; Watts, Thos., 

upholsterer 67 

Sproatt. H., store 69 

Creed, Jamfs, pork butcher 71 

Esmnnde, John, tinsmith; Kelly, 

Jrhn. rabmsn 73 

Ne-ale, John, bookbinder; Rex, Robt., 

tailor 79 

Baker, Job, King A. Inn; Smith, S. 

A., dry gcof s 81 

R n ii, W., cabinetmaker; Dufferin, 
Henry, shoemaker; Bain, Mrs. 

stay maker 83 

H;irpe.r, Rev. Jas.; . Champii n, Jap., 

butcher: Hnrr- s, W.. bill-sticker 85 
H;>Trilton, Jarms, printer; Thomas 

J., tailor 87 

Dinmond, J. P., Iwk^r 89 

Roberts. J., Carpenters Arms Tnr,: 

Taylor. J., labourer 91 

Kent, J(s>ph, store; Kitson, J., 

Boulton Arms 93 

Parry, H., t?ilor 95 

Matthews, J., shoemaker 97 

L r ane, Wm., shomaker; Murray, 

Mrs., dressmaker 99 

Mirfield, J., Shakrspeare Inn 101 



Phipps, Geo., chair maker 103 

Rankin, Chas., surveyor; StrouJ, S., 

Rcyal George Inn 10 r > 

I Dco:Iy, J., labourer; Rainbow, M., 
blacksmith; McKay, T., cabman; 

Phipps, Mrs. dressmaker 10:) 

Wright, Joseph, shoemaker 121 

Byfieid, E., blacksmith 145 

KING STREET WEST. 

(South side even.) 
Goram, Ambrose, barrister; Lynes 

& Brown, grocers 2 

Baldwin & Sen, barristers; Leith, 
Alex., law student; Lewis, Ira, 
law student; Wilscn, Adam, bar 
rister; Parke, Thomas, law stud 
ent; Keeg; n, George, law student; 
Sherwcod, Edward, law student... 4 
Fulton, Alex., clerk; Cruikshank, 
William, carter; Fitch, J. C., sales 
man; Michie, Geo., of A. Ogilvie & 
Co.; Smith, Janvs, bookkeeper; 
Ogilvie, Alex. & Co., wholesale and 
retail grccers; Phillips, Robert, 

salesman 6 

Ellis, J. & Co., engravers; Rid dell 

& McLean, merchant tailors 8 

Craig, George, tinsmith; Craig, 

Miss, milliner 10 

Becket, Jcseph, chemist; Hooper, 
Edward; Howarth, John, drug 
gist s assistant 12 

Crawford, John, barrister; Osborne, 

W., land agent 16 

Rowsell & Thompson, printers ; 
Rowsell, William, of H. & W. R.; 

Rowsell, H., stationer 20 

Smith, Alex., hair dresser; Whar- 

am C. P., carver and gilder 24 

Baker, John, Black Swan Inn 26 

Jackson, H<nry, jeweller 28 

Myers, J., store 32 

Baker, Chas., tailcr 34 

Steel, H. L., vet. surgeon; Lewis, F., 
bnd agent and auctkncer; Work- 

Bros. & Co., hardware 36 

Bauldry, J., grocer; Richards, S. jr., 

barrister 38 

Hanson, Wm., plumber 40 

Jacqurs & Hay, cabinet makers 42 

Davis, Rcbt. & Co., grocers; Lowe, 

F. C., engraver 44 

Kahn, Chrs, d- ntist 46 

Williams, Jrsh.un, uprobtrer 48 

Coates, W. J., editor of Star 50 

French, Richnrd, chair maker; Mcn- 

tressor & Bottrel, milliners 52 

Carnal 1, Chas., baker and confec.... 58 

Dark, Edward, shoemaker 60 

Hart, J., painter; Smith, David, dyer 62 
To~T-"nc a , B nj., wholesale grrcsr... 61 

Griffiths, Jchn, saddle rrrnu r 66 

Savage, George, watchmaker 68 

Rahn, Chas., d n ist 70 



LANDMARKS OF TORONTO. 



187 



Havoke, Robt., merchant tailor ......... 

Craig, John, painter; Evans, Sam 1, 
tailor ............................................. 

Shuttle-worth, Gtorge, grocer ......... 

Nock, J., druggist; Tuton, Mrs. R., 
druggist .................................... 

Howard, J. G., architect .......... . ....... 

Cavalry, John, shoemaker; William 
son, Thomas, labourer .................. 

Meredith, J., dentist ........................ 

Score, Richard, merchant tailor ...... 

Wcod, Samuel, dentist ..................... 

Burns, Mowat & Vankoughnet, bar 
risters ; Crickmore, John, laAV 
student; Draper, William, stud 
ent; Keinaghan, James, law stud 
ent; Springer, Oliver, law student; 
McLean, Thomas A., law student; 
Morphy, G., law student ........... .... 

Jones, S., printer; Jones, Mrs. mil 
liner; White, J., studtnt ............... 

Daltcn, Robert G., barrister; Dalton, 
Mrs., Patriot office ....................... .. 

Searle, H., paperhanger .................. 

Owen, Miller & Mills, coach makers 
Lytn, S. G., grocer ........................... 

Ince, Mrs., widow .............................. 

Miller, J., of O\ven, Miller & Mills... 
Mills, Thos., of Owen, Miller & Mills 
Thomas, John, piauoiuaker ............... 

Biyth, John, tailor .............................. 

Lamb, Daniel, blacksmith ............... 

Pocock, John, tinsmith ..................... 

KING STREET. 
(Unnumbered.) 
Anderson, George, labourer. 
Bailey, James, teamster. 
Baldwin, Mrs., widow of J. S. B. 
Banks, Robert, labourer. 
Barron, F. W., principal U.C.C. 
Beadle, D. W., law student. 
Beal, Wm., currier. 
Beamish, Thomas, innkeeper. 
Beard, J. G., sheriff s clerk. 
Abbott, W., labourer. 
Bailey, Joseph, sLosmaker. 
Berryman, Join, butcher. 
Befctridge, Chas., grocer. 
Black, John, clerk. 
Blong, Henry, butcher. 
Boulton, Henry J., jr., barrister. 
Brown, Sohn Y., law student. 
Bright, Mrs., widow. 
Burnside, Alex., M .D. 
Cockburn, James, law studtnt. 
Ccok, Archibald, butcher. 
Ccok, W. C., innkeeper. 
Coulson, Corry. 
Craig, Robert, shoemaker. 
Daly Charles, clerk City Council. 
Cuthbertson, John, teacher. 
Davey, William, shoeniakpr. 
Dewdney, Daniel, Royal Oak Inn. 
Dagga-n, Jchn, barrister. 



74 

76 

<8 



90 

92 

98 



100 
102 

104 
110 

128 

134 
136 
138 
140 
144 

148 



Fenwick, J< ha, gardener. 

Fox, John, brickmaker. 

Fox, W. M.. White Heart Inn. 

E rancis, James, lime burner. 

Gerow, Wm., labourer. 

Goodwill, Felix. 

Harrison, John, labourer. 

Hawkins, W. M. 

Heath, C. W., law student. 

Henwcod, Edwin and R., apothecaries 

at hospital. 
Hill, Thomas. 

Hurd, Edward E. W., law student. 
Howarth, Ann, innkeeper. 
Yates, Richard, grocer. 
Wright, Wm., innkeeper. 
Winter, Edwin, sexton St. George s 

church. 

VVinstanley, J. N., law student. 
Winstanley, Rev. Chas. 
Welsh, James, labourer. 
Watson, Alex., butcher. 
Todd, Andrew, land agent. 
Huteheson, St. John H., law student. 
Jar vis, Julia. 

Johnston, James, teamster. 
Jones, Edward C., law student. 
Johnston, John, labourer (coloured). 
Juilgv, James, shoemaker. 
Lewis, Wm., storekeeper (coloured). 
McCaul, Rev. John, LL.D., vice-presin 

dent K. C. University. 
McCrea, John, brewer. 
McDermct. John, butcher. 
McLean, A., barrister. 
McLean, Wm., distiller. King east. 
Moddock, J. F., solicitor in chancery. 
Maule, A. D., law student. 
Merritt, W. H., jr., law student. 
Mnynard. Rev. G., mathematical master 

Upper Canada College. 
Monaghan, John, butcher. 
Morrison, George, carpenter. 
Nation, James, secretary to Hospita/ 

Board. 

O kes, James, but her. 
Noble, Thomas, labourer. 
Park, Wm. and Robt., brewers. 
Perry, A. M., dressmaker. 
Pratt, Thomas, labourer. 
PJ ince, Charles, student. 
Tingley, Wm., paper maker. 
Rackhain, Thomas, student, Temple 

Chambers. 

Reynolds, Asa, innkeeper. 
Read, D. B., barrister, Wellington 

buildings. 
Richards -n, Hugh, jr., captain steamer 

Queen Victoria. 
Ridout, G. P., of Ridout Bros. 
Ridout, J. S., of Ridout Bros. 
Rigney, Thos. & Co., whl. merqjhants. 
Ripley, Rev. W.H.,.BA.,EpiscopaI. 
Rouse, G. H., carpenter. 



188 



LANDMARKS OF TORONTO. 



Scadding, Rev. ELnry. first classical 

master, U.C?C. 
Scallion, James, labourer. 
Shuter, Joseph, carpanter 
Simpson, William, brick maker. 
Sinclair, George, steward of the hospital. 
Smith, Alex., labourer. 
Softly, R. W., sailor. 
Stanton, James, law student. 
Strachan & Camercn, barristers. 
Sutherland, James Bcag, of K., M., S. 

& Co. 

Suggett, Wm., tailor. 
Sutherland, K. M. & Co., wholesale and 

retail grocers. 
Sylvester, Peter, farmer. 
Tapscott, George, market gardener. 
Tembars, Joseph, labourer, 
Thompson, : JVLrs. widow. 

LOUISA STREET. 
(Unnumbered.) 

Second street north of Queen street 
west, commences at Yonge street and 
runs west. 

Allison, Adam, stonecutter. 
Brodie, John, carpenter. 
Brown, George. 
Cook, Robert, carpenter. 
Dodds Robert, plasterer. 
Endicott Louis, lithographic printer. 
Finch, John, labourer. 
Finny John, shoemaker, near St. 

Patrick s market. 

Hamilton, Alexander, Terauly cottage. 
Johnston, Matthew, plasterer. 
Kershaw, William, iron turner. 
Lindsay, James, shoemaker. 
Lister, James, carpenter. 
Livingstone, James, carpenter. 
Lyons, John, sailor. 
McCleary, Thomson, carpenter. 
McGill, Robert, carpenter. 
Morrison, Donald, carpenter. 
Owen, Richard, carpenter. 
Ross, William, carter. 
Smith, Charles, carpenter. 
Sutherland, Robert, carpenter. 
Swallow, John, cabinet maker. 
Turner, John, iron turner. 
Wadsworth, George, engineer. 

MARKET SQUARE. 

(West side.) 
Dillon, Arthur, National Hotel, G west 

side. 
Eykelbosch, James, shoemaker, 7 east 

side. 
Harley, John, Brothers Hotel, 3 east 

side. 

Hayes, Martin P. 
Humphries, George, innkeeper, 3 west 

side. 

McDonnell, Jeremiah, fisherman, Bay 
Johnston, Charles, fisherman, opposite 

M. S. 



Liddell, James, provision dealer. 

Shore, opposite Market. 
McMichael, John, Wellington Inn. 
Moore, John, attorney, 8 east side. 
Peterson, Daniel, Ship Inn. 
Platt, George, Innkeeper. 
Robertson, Charles, grocer. 
Ryan, Edward, fisherman, Bay Shore, 

opposite M. S. 

Smith, J. H., Farmers Arms Hotel. 
Smith, J. T., Masonic Arms Hotel. 
Warren, William, labourer. 

MAPLE LANE. 
(Unnumbered.) 

Commences at Maria street and runs 
west to Spadina avenue. 
Bell, John, carter. 
Fitzsimmons, Thomas, carter. 
Phillips, John, labourer. 
Trueman, Wm., turner. 
Willmore, Thomas, carpenter. 
MARCH STREET. 
(North side odd.) 

First street north of Adelaide street, 
commences in Victoria street, and runs 
east to Nelson street. 

McGuire, C., bricklayer 8 

McLean, A., porter 

Stewart, Robert, carpenter 7 

Mills, R., shoemaker 13 

Matthews, Mrs. S., Cornish Arms 

inn 15 

Pearce, J., innkeeper 23 

Turner, James, sr., plasterer 25 

Roddy, Charles, bailiff 29 

Welsh, Edward, labourer 31 

Graham, James, inn, 33 

Farmer, John, tailor 35 

Tcklen, M., tailor 39 

Elliot, Elizabeth, Cavan Arms inn 41 

Smith, R., Prince Albert inn -13 

Adams, Win., baker; Stanley, W., 

clerk; Long, H., baker 4o 

Cairns, William, stonecutter 49 

Sherwood, Samuel and John, bakers 51 

Ward, Patrick, inkeeper 33 

Cobbe, Thomas, tailor 57 

Fitzpatrick, James, labourer 59 

Sweeney, J., carter Gl 

Preston, Wm., shoemaker 87 

MARCH STREET. 
(South side even.) 

McFaul, W., tailor 2 

Hillock, E., Black Horse inn; Mc 
Neil, John, porter 

Farrell, Joseph, labourer 6 

Hunter, Alex., carter 8 

Gibson, Wm., labourer 10 

Brayshaw, John, innkeeper 20 

Connor, J., labourer ; Misset, P.. ap 
ple dealer 24 

Purdy, E., shoemaker; Priggs, R., 

labourer; Larkin, M., labourer 30 

Gibney, Thomas, carter; Purdy, J., 

labourer 32 

McCue, E., tailor; Wilson, James, 
tailori 38 



LANDMARKS OF TORONTO. 



189 



Brandon, D., tailor; Sallit, T., tailor 46 

Gregory, Riohard, bricklayer 50 

McCabe, John, porter; Sweetman, 

M., carpenter 52 

Healy, John, inn 54 

Flannigan, Wm., labourer 58 

Bennatt, Mrs., midwife 72 

MARCH STREET. 
(Unnumbered.) 

Martin, James, hatter. 

MARIA STREET. 

(Unnumbered.) 

Commences at Queen street, near 
Peter street, and runs north. 
Campbell, Robert, policeman. 
Carroll, John, butcher. 
James, Robt., horse dealer. 
James, Thos., labourer. 
Shaw, William. 
Tay, Watts, carpenter. 
Daly, Edward, labourer. 
Kelly, Francis, carter. 
Powell, James, labourer. 
Reid, Mrs., widow. 

MEL1NDA STREET. 

(Unnumbered.) 

First street south of King street 
west, commences at Yonge street and 
runs west to Bay street. 
Ashfield, gunmaker. 
Brennan, Robert. 
Byrne. John, porter. 
Charbott, Joseph, tailor. 
Croll, James, cabinetmaker. 
Goodale, John, engineer. 
Halloran, D., labourer. 
Hurd, Thos. G., wine merchant. 
Keely, Patrick, labourer. 
McCarron, James, labourer. 
McGregor, John, blacksmith. 
Miller, Henry, shoemaker. 
Molloy, Miss, dressmaker. 
O Reilly, Terence, labourer. 
Robertson, John, salesman. 
Rut ley, John. 
Scully, James, shoemaker. 
Simpson, Wm., land agent s clerk. 
Sullivan. Daniel, labourer. 
Taylor, James, cooper. 
Whelan. John, labourer. 

McGILL STREET. 
(Unnumbered.) 

Fourth street north of Queen street 
east, commences at Yonge street and 
runs east. 

Sheard, Joseph, carpenter. 
Sargent, Robert, plasterer. 
Roes, John, carpenter. 
Boaar, Thomas, labourer. 
Gilding, John, plasterer. 
Hickman, Henry, tailor. 
McGill, John, labourer. 
McNeil, John, labourer. 
Nor t hard, Edward, shoemaker. 
Robertson, James, carrvjiter. 
Roljertson, Mrs. and Miss, 



Urquhart, Donald, carpenter, 
Urquhart, George, Maitland s wharf. 

NELSON STREET. 
(East side 3ven.) 

Commences on King street opposite 
market square and runs north. 

Post, G. W., innkeeper 2 

McMullen, , carter 4 

Shannon, J., grocer 4 

Ward, Bat., market man 6 

I Carroll, Thomas, tailor 8 

Rains, John, secretary H. D. Mutual 

Insurance 10 

Codd, M. E., exchange office 12 

Cannon, Thomas, labourer 18 

Pollock, Bryce, cabman,, (rear) 18 

Davis, "Terance, blacksmith (rear)... 20 

Rennie, D., bricklayer 20 

Scott, J., waiter 22 

Malcolm, J., plumber 24 

Rutherford, P., bricklayer, (rear)... 24 

Hannah, James, shoemaker 26 

Durham, Pat., shoemaker 26 

Murphy, D., carter 28 

Elliott, Andrew, labourer 30 

Black, Joseph, labourer 30 

| Downey, Pat., labourer 30 

O Hagan, J., huckster 32 

Spears, J., teamster 34 

Mutton, William, carpenter 36 

Ramsay, John, stonecutter, (rear)... 36 

Scott, Thomas, book-keeper 44 

McArthur, P., builder 46 

Burrows, William, painter 48 

Davis, Francis, labourer 50 

Walker, Louis, carter 52 

Cailaghan, James, teamster 52 

Chute, Thomas, cooper 54 

Parker, Henry, labourer 54 

Spears, John, labourer 54 

Duffy, Jamas, shoemaker 56 

For d, John, labourer 56 

Carscadden, William, shoemaker ... 56 

NELSON STREET. 
(West side odd.) 

Beekman, Robert, agent 9 

Baard, Robert, deputy sheriff 

Rolph, Wm., Black Horse Inn 13 

i Nasmith, John, bread and biscuit 

maker 57 

Lake, T., carpenter 

j Leven, J., distiller 33 

McQuillan, Patrick, steamboat en 
gineer 

I Greenan, Hugh, carter 

! Kijigsmill, George, city high bailiff 41 

j Cullivern. Richard, inn keeper 43 

NELSON STREET. 
( Unnfumbered. ) 

Forbes, Miles, labourer. 
McHale, James. labourer. 
Mara, John, labourer. 



190 



LANDMARKS OF TORONTO. 



OAK STREET. 
(South side unnumbered.) 
Fourth street north of King street, 
east side of Parliament street. 
Smith, Charles, labourer. 

ONTARIO STREET. 

(East side even.) 

Fourth street east of George street; 
commences at King street and runs 
north to Queen street. 

Bright, John, labourer 6 

Johnston, Wm., butcher 8 

Miller, Mrs., widow 10 

ONTARIO STREET. 
(Unnumbered.) 

Anderson, R. G., teller B. N. C- 
Anderson, Daniel, tailor. 
Addy, James, carter. 
Beaver, Fred., cooper. 
Beaver, Rev. James, residence 

sity Buildings. 
Clarkson, John. 
Clock, David, carpenter. 
Gilbert, Thomas, cattle dealer. 
Joslin, Daniel, butcher. 
Kennedy, Mrs., widow. 
McGee, Alexander, labourer. 
Malone, John, labourer. 
Middleton, J., cooper. 
Nye, John, labourer. 
O Brien, James, locksmith. 
Riddell, Archibald, printer. 
Spears, John, labourer. 
Summers, Thomas, carpenter. 
Trotter, John, tinsmith. 

OSGOODE STREET. 

(Unnumbered.) 

Back of Osgoode Hall, and returning 
west from Sayer street to Park lane. 
Baillie, Alex., carpenter. 
Faucett, Robert, carpenter. 
Oal, George, carpenter. 
Parsons, Henry, plasterer. 
Tomlinson, John, labourer. 
Wood, Wm., carpenter. 

ST. PATRICK S MARKET. 

( Unnumbered.) 
Hearnes, McDougall. 
Jackson, Benjamin, St. Leger Inn. 
Jamieson, Wm., carpenter. 
McDonald, Randall, shoemaker. 
Mclntosh, Angus, grocer. 
McKay, William. 
Mahar, Thomas, carpenter. 
Malone, James, carpenter. 
Maysent, Wm., labourer. 
Merritt, Wm., labourer. 
Moore, C., labourer (coloured), near. 
Myers, John, carpenter. 
Newton, James, labourer. 
Oliver, James, carpenter. 
Paul, George, labourer. 
Byan, Patrick, labourer. 
Ryan, Richard, labourer. 



Sanderson, Wm., carpenter. 
Semple, Robert, carpenter. 
Sharpe, Robert, labourer. 
Vest, John, labourer. 
Thompson, George, well digger. 
Watson, Henry, carpenter. 

PALACE STREET. 
(Unnumbered.) 

Opposite the bay; continuation of 
Front street; commences at the south 
east corner of the Market Square and 
runs east. 
Bates, Elisha. 
Beamish, Francis, George and John, 

labourers. 
Bethune, Angus. 

Blackburn, Alfred, labourer (coloured.) 
Cawthra, Henry. 
Cawthra, William. 
Cawthra, Mrs., widow. 
Clarkson, Thos., of T. C. & Co. 
Collier, Thos., clerk Canada Co. 
Cooper, Mrs., widow. 
Cull, Edward L., clerk Canada ( 
Cull, John Angel, starch maker. 
Donaldson, John, labourer. 
Dormer, George, maltster. 
Fielding, John, labourer. 
Heather, Wm., Windmill Inn. 
Kerr, John, labourer. 
Kerr, Wm., carpenter. 
Kidd, John, jailkeeper. 
Long, Robert, labourer. 
McGinnis, Patrick, labourer. 
McGlashan, James, of J. & J. McG. 
McNalty, J., labourer. 
Machell, Richard, general store. 
Mahoney, James, labourer. 
Moran, Thos., peddler. 
Nunan, Charles, pork dealer. 
Owen, Robert, maltster. 
Oxley, Robert, labourer. 
Platt, Samuel, brewer. 
Power, John, innkeeper. 
Rankin, Mrs., widow, Russell Abbey, 
Robertson, George, carpenter. 
Rolston, Thomas, mason. 
Shaw, J., innkeeper. 
Shepard, Peter, bricklayer. 
Shea, John, carter. 
Stowe, Fred., clerk Bank of U. 0. 
Stowel, Mrs., widow. 
Street, Wm. R., teller branch Mont 

real Bank. 

Stuart, Charles, Russell Abbey. 
Turner, Enofoh. 
Walls, John, labourer. 
Watson, John, distiller. 
Widmer, Hon. Christopher, M.D. 
Wilkins, Wm., provision store. 
Young, Edward, maltster. 
PARK LANE. 
(Unnutmibeared.) 

First street west of Osgoode Hall, 
miming north out of Queeu stre.t. 



LANDMARKS OF TORONTO. 



191 



Blackburn, Thornton, cabman 
Brown, William, bricklayer. 
Byron, John, labourer. 
Dunlop, Thomas, tailor. 
Felsted, John, carpenter. 
Garlic, Thomas, city inspector. 
McBeth, Thomas, carpenter. 
Osborne, George. 
Steel, Wm., carpsnter. 

PARK STREET, SOUTH. 
(Unnumbered.) 

In the Park, south of King street. 
Baines, Michael, labourer. 
Connell, Owen, teamster. 
Cowan, Thomas, labourer. 
Craig, Andrew, carter, St. James st. 

Park. 

Earnest, Wm., labourer. 
Flaherty, Francis, carpenter, near St. 

Patrick s market. 
Goodwin, Joseph. 
Hamilton, James, brickmaker. 
Oxley, Wm., brickmaker. 
Purr, Ubhn. brickmaker. 
Reid, George, sawyer. 
Thornton, James, labourer. 
Wait, John, well digger. 

PARK STREET, NORTH. 

(Unnumbered.) 

In the Park, north of King street. 
Christmas, James, gardener. 
Ooolaghan, Patrick, labourer. 
Coolaghan, Wm., carter. 
Crothers. James. 
Hannan, Bartholomew, ST. 
Hannan, Bartholomew, jr. 
Kane,. John, carpenter. 
Lennox, Thomas, labourer. 
Neeson, Henry, carpenter. 
Phillips, Mrs., widow. 
Regan, Dan, labourer. 
Scanlan. Martin, carter. 

PARLIAMENT STREET. 

(Unnumbered.) 

Commences at the bay near the jail j 
and runs north to St. James cemetery, j 
Baylis, James, labourer. 
Carney, John, keeper St. James ceme 
tery. 

Clindinning, R. W., printer. 
Connell, Philip, labourer. 
Dudley, Thomas, carpenter. 
Jardine, Joseph, gardener. 
Langrill, Francis, butcher. 
Langrill, Patrick, butcher. 
McLean, Donald. 
Montgomery, J., labourer. 
Orford, James, gardener. 
Oliver, R. K., silversmith. 
Papa, Joseph. 

Rooney, Thomas, gardener. 
PETER STREET 
(Unnumbered.) 

Fifth street west of Yonge street, on 



Front street, commences at the Bay 

and runs north to Queen street. 

Beddome, Foskett B., clerk. 

Brown, John, labourer. 

Burns, Robert E., Judge District Court. 

Carlow, Mrs., widow. 

Darby, James, teacher. 

Ellis, Joseph, civil engineer. 

Hamilton, George, shoemaker. 

Johnston, James, teamster. 

Jones, Richard, laboure r. 

Kidney, John, flour dealer. 

McDonnell, James. 

Moffatt, Lewis, of M. Murray & Co. 

Murray, Davidson M. 

Noble, Simon, blacksmith. 

Williams, George, teamster (coloured). 

PINE STREET. 
(In the Park.) 
Butt, Edwin, bricklayer. 
Donohayse, Thomas, teacher. 
Foley, William, innkeeper. 
Lynch, John and Edward, ]al>ourers. 
Pafcerson, William, labourer. 
Thornton, Francis, labourer. 
Whiteside, John, lalxmrer. 

PORTLAND STREET. 

(First street.) 

East of Queen s wharf, commences at 
the Bay and runs north. 
Hayes, Michael, boatman. 
Marvin, John, shoemaker. 
Newsy, Thomas, shoemaker. 
Warren, Samuel, shoemaker. 
POWER STREET. 
Commences at King street, opposite 
Trinity church, and runs north. 
Eagan, Timothy, sexton. 
Johnston, Roselea, widow. 
Joyce, Joseph, tailor. 
McCleary, William, shoemaker. 
McClusky, Mrs., widow. 
Robinson, Mrs., widow. 
Spelling, Cornelius, labourer. 
Wilkinson, Christopher, carpenter. 
PPTNCESS STREET. 

(East side even.) 

Fourth street east of the Market, 
commences at the Bay and runs north 
to Duke street. 

Kane, E., labourer 2 

Meighan, Michael ~-... 4 

Higgins, Charles, gardner 

Leary. P., labourer 8 

Wallis, Isaac, shoemaker 10 

Bates, David H 

Burgess, John, carter ~. 3.8 

Kay, John, carter 20 

PRINCESS STREET. 
(Unnumbered.) 

Dissett, George, sailor. 

PRINCESS STREET. 

(West side odd.) 
Dark, Thomas, teamster ........ .~..~... 1 



192 LANDMARKS OF TORONTO. 

McMillen, J., writer 7 i Bernjtt, John, sailmaker; O Connor, 

Bennett, Henry, shoemaker; Me- J., carpenter 29 

Curry J., carter ; McCurry, C., I Campbell, John, cabinetmaker 31 

porter 13 McManus, M., cooper; McMurchy, 



Lawrence, Morris 15 

QUEEN STREET EAST. 
(North side odd.) 



Thomas, turner 33 

Ferguson, Edward; Forbes, Alex., 
boarding house; McCloy, A., sailor, 
(rear) ., 35 



Third street north of King street j McManus, P., labourer 41 

east, commences at Yonge street and ) Gray, Mrs. and Miss, dressmakers 43 



runs east to the Don. 

Gallan, John, blacksmith ; Met- 

calf, T. H., machinist 

Cowan, John, carpenter 

Deniord, Richard L., engineer 13 

Bright, Mrs. Lewis, widow 15 

Gibson, John, labourer 17 



.Butt, Ephraim, wheelwright; Mc- 
Morris, J., shoemaker; Swallow, 

Joseph, coach painter 47 

Ashton, John, paint shop; Nicolson, 

William, labourer 49 

Rolph, John, M.D. & M.R.C.S.L 55 

Peay, Austin 57 

Roaf, Rev. John, Congragationalist 59 



Carmichael, D., clerk 3 , Scott, John, M.D 61 

Innis, Thomas, labourer 21 ; Parsons, H., store 67 

Sanderson, Rev. George; Sleith, j Farrell, James, General Brock inn 69 

David, printer 25 | McCallum, Mrs., store; Small, Wm., 

Gibson, William, Markman s Inn... !i9 j carpenter i 73 

Dunn, John P., grocer ; Rossi, F., j Wolf, Charles, cabinetmaker 75 

confectioner 45 Phillips, Robert, labourer (coloured.) 77 

Boyce, George, carpenter 19 Marshall, J., tailor 79 

QUEEN STREET EAST. Abbott R. C., cabman; Robinson 

(South side even ) James, architect 83 

Wright, Charles, blacksmith 4 , Jones, Mrs. C., widow 85 

Quin, John, weaver 12 Loscombe, Chas. R., teacher; Mc- 

McBride, N., engineer It Cluskey, II., stonecutter 87 

Paramore, William, carpenter 18 Martin, Joseph 89 

Lawrence J printer 22 . Dhilver, Joseph, general blacksmith 95 

Conolly, Bernard, sailor; Ryan, i Lindsay, J., carpenter; Geake, Ed- 
William 24 ! ward, stonecutter; Larkm, F.. 

Edwards, Mrs., dressmaker ; Carter, ir W ^ er "iii j V """ ,* 97 

George, tobacconist (coloured) SO Murray, Mrs. dressmaker; Tye, Geo., 

Williams R., blacksmith (coloured) 32 : T Jl r I? ter ---- - W- ";""- " IM 

Brown Peter, editor of Banner - 28 iSSon^ te? cSStS 10S 

McBeatney, Samuel, carpenter ; j Q un ijff e> Henry, carpenter. ......... .. . 107 

U i ~rt,, j i ;. IT~;I i; i , ,.: ,,T-i _ , i /w\ 



McCaffea, J., tailor; O Brien, 
Richard, labourer 42 

Lloyd, J., cook (coloured) ; Pryor, 
Lucas, labourer 44 



QUEEN STREET WEST. 

(South side even.) 
Hemphill, John, Custom house 
officer 18 



Flinn, Patrick, tailor ; Brown, Thos., j Himstein, J., tailor; Wmiamsoti, 

tailor; Fogarty, Patrick, tailor... 401 ]yr rs 20 

Sutherland, Alexa,nder, tailor 74 j Devlin, Wm., labourer; Devlin, Ar- 

Allan, Hon. William. j thur, labourer 24 

QUEEN STREET WEST. McNamee, E. (> blacksmith 26 



(North side odd.) 



Tredall, J., tinsmith 34 



7^. Smith & Jamieson, carpenters 36 

Fourth street north of King street j Thompson, Wm., blacksmith 38 

west, commences at Yonge street and i Mclntosh. A., shoemaker; Edwin, 
runs west to the tollgate. Arch., labourer; Kirk, R., paint- 
Davis, Calvin, bailiff 1 ! er ,rear 40 

Miller, Mrs. and Misses, dress- j Donaldson, John, carpenter, (rear); 

makers 7 I Ross, D., salesman 

Hale, George, cabinetmaker; Wil- ! Boice, Abraham, carpenter 46 

liams, G., upholsterer & Carr, John, painter j 

Blevins, Robert 17 McLean, J., printer j 50 

Foster, Thomas, grocer 19 j McCHnton, J., carter < 52 

Forbes, Duncan, stonecutter 21 | Nicol, D., laijor 54 



Sleith, David, printer 25 

Macnamara, M., tailor; O Brien, P., 
labourer 27 



Moore, C., tailor, (rear); Stewart, 

John, labourer 60 

Westman. H., whitsmith fi2 



LANMDARKS OF TORONTO. 



193 



Ferguson, Y., engineer ; Watt, H., 
ship carpenter; Watt, Mrs., dress 
maker 64 

Dill, John, shoemaker 68 

Townsborough, Wm., shoemaker 68 

Abary George, carpenter 70 

Hughes, J., stonemason 72 

Patterson, J., labourer; Murphy, M., 
labourer ; Doherty, Thos., store ; 
Matten, J., maltster ; Robinson, 
Christopher, labourer; Steward, 

Daniel, labourer 74 

Moorehouse, Squire, store 76 

Porter, D., turner 78 

Crawley, Peter, bricklayer ; Pres 
ton, Mrs., 80 

Tiueman, John, Tyrone inn 82 

Cowley, Samuel, cooper 84 

Rogers, Daniel, Enquirer s hin 86 

Birse, Francis, carter 90 

Walker, Wm., British Lion inn 92 

Cleary. Walter, shoemaker 94 

Axford, Wm., wheelwright; Briscoe, 

William, blacksmith 96 

Newman, J., shoemaker; Wright, 

Thos., Lord Wellington inn 100 

Esmonde, John, boarding house 102 

Eritton, Robert, store; Rolston, 

Wm., carpenter 104 

Lee, Samuel, clerk 106 

QUEEN STREET WEST. 
(North side Odd.) 

Simpson, Geo., baker; Slinger, Thos., 

stonecutter Ill 

Rutherford, J., labourer 115 

Anderson, James, shoemaker 117 

Watson, Mrs., widow 121 

Ewart, Andrew 1125 

Bidley, Wm., painter 19 

Kennedy, E., Sportsman s Inn 1(31 

Johnston, S., shoemaker ; Mahar, 
J., carpenter ; Beatty, John, la- 
labourer (rear) ; Dafoe, Abraham, 
tailor ; Pye. Thos., labourer (rear) 183 

Moules, V., carpenter U35 

McDermott, C., labourer; Mara, J., 

shoemaker ., 1(37 

Black. George, carpenter 1/39 

Delaporte, Anthony V., grocer Ml 

Coyne, Samuel, teacher ; Mason, R., 

labourer 145 

Mara, T., shoemaker, 149 

M -Kee, William, labourer ; Vaig, 

Henry, labourer 151 

Kettle, J., Queen Street Inn 153 

Tyler, J., store 155 

Beitty, Adam, provision store 167 

Hamilton, Wm., shoemaker : Bran 
don, Thos., blacksmith . 169 

Furlong, Matthew, cabinetmaker ... 161 

Patrick, Chas., blacksmith 1)63 

Smith, W., bricklayer 1(67 

McDonald, J., carpenter 169 

Price, Geo., sausage maker If71 

Smith, Alex. M., general store 173 

Henderson, Andrew, store 181 

T.nty, Joseph 187 

Donald, H., shoemaker 189 



Browning, Joseph, cabinetmaker ... 191 

Mossop, J., Black Bull Inn 1)93 

Henry, Samuel, tailor : Mason, Wm., 

painter 197 

Wilmott, H. E., cabinetmaker 199 

Fleming, Richard, tailor 205 

McLochlin, , cooper ; Orr, Geo., 

carpenter 2111 

Ward, Wm., shoemaker 221 

Noble, Wm., wheelwright, 227 

Baird, Alex., Blue Bonnet Inn 235 

Nicoll, F., labourer 237 

Nelson, H. A., shoemaker 239 

Furlong, Michael, tailor 241 

Crafts. Benjamin, store ; Bharrell, 

Isaac, labourer 243 

Batram, James, Royal Mortar inn... 245 

QUEEN STREET WEST. 
(South side.) 

Beckett, Edward, moulder 112 

Woodcock, Abel, carpenter H4 

Hodder, Edward, M.D 116 

Heward, W. B., clerk to Judge-in- 

Chambers 120 

Stewart, James 138 

Paps, Jacob, labourer ; Pearson, J., 

cabinetmaker 166 

Dye, Mrs., widow; Leslie, T., la 
bourer 172 

Graham, Archibald, labourer 176 

FVVilson, Andrew, attorney 180 

Aiiken, Robert, carpenter ; Jack, A., 

carpenter 1)82 

Tiem, Christopher, oilclothmaker, 
Nutzel, J., portrait painter ; Rasch, 

H., oilcloth manufacturer 1|84 

Burke, Jesse, barber ; Hamilton, 

Geo., shoemaker 188 

Humphries, Thos., cooper TOO 

Henderson, John, store 194 

Earl, Theophilus, baker 200 

Eastwood, Mrs., widow 204 

Clements. William, labourer 206 

Tizzard, ., patent leather dresser 208 

Kennedy. J., wheelwright 2UO 

Brayley. Miss, dressmaker ; Brayley 
J., carpenter ; O Hern, T., inn 
keeper , 21E 

Buntin, Conway, labourer 216 

Walsh, Patrick, carpenter 242 

QUEEN" STREET. 

(Unnumbered.) 
Anderson, Mrs. 
Ardagh, W., labourer. 

Armstrong, ., labourer. 

Beatty, John, labourer. 
Bell, James, attorney. 
Bell, James, deputy inspector Welling 
ton Hotel. 

Bellamore, Anthony, labourer. 
Bangough, John, labourer. 
Boddy, James, carpenter. 
Eoddy, William, bricklayer. 
Breakey, Andrew, store. 
Bright, William, butcher. 
Brown, John, milkman. 



794 



LANDMARKS OF TORONTO. 



Brown, John, verger. 
Bryns, William, shoemaker. 
Buchan, John, carpenter. 
Burke, Mrs., dry goods. 
Cameron, James, clerk. 
Cameron, Miss, Gore Vale. 
Campbell, Robert, labourer. 
Cannon, John, mason. 
Carroll, George, carter. 
Carty, Jeremiah, soap and candle maker. 
Cassan, John, labourer. 
Clark, A. M. 

Clifton, Alfred, William IV. 
Coates, William. 
Cole, James, shoemaker. 
Columbus, John, blacksmith. 
Conbn, James, labourer. 
Connor, James, shoemaker. 
Copoland, William, & Co., brewers. 
Corbritt, John, labourer. 
Coxwell, W. H., Crown office. 
Croft, Henry Holmes, professor of chem 
istry. 
Cruikshank, John, carter. 



Cryan, Michael, labourer. 
DeLaney, Thomas, blacksmith. 
Dempsey, John, weigh master. 
Dempsey, J. W., Crown office. 
Denison, George T., sen., Bellevue. 
Dick, Thomas, captain City of Toronto. 
Breen, Owen, labourer, opposite Market 

square. 

Dobson, John, labourer. 
Donnelly, W. M., store. 
Donovan, David, labourer. 
Dawdle, Richard, sawyer. 
Drew, Matthew, carpenter. 
Dunn, Jonathan, butcher. 
Earls, John, Queen s Hotel. 
Durnford, John, clerk ordnance depart 
ment. 

Earls, John, Queen s Hotel* Queen west. 
Elliot, Henry, labourer. 
Elliot, James, labourer. 
Ellis, Godfrey, steamboat mate. 
Emmens, Thomas, carpenter. 
Finn, Martin, labourer. 

Fitzpatrick, Mark, labourer. 

Foley, Edward, keeper 1st tollgate. 

Fullerton, John, brick maker. 

Forrester, Thomas, labourer. 

Hardy, Stephen, labourer. 

Harding, William, bricklayer. 

Harford, Robort, labourer, near St. Pat 
rick s market. 

Harrison, Hon. S. B. 

Henderson, Mrs., boarding house. 

Holwell, W., ordnance store keeper. 

Humphreys, J. D., professor of music, 
near Queen street west. 

Hynes, Patrick, plasterer. 

Jackson, John, cabinet maker. 

Irwm, "Samson, carter. 

James, H. F., Craven Heifer. 

Jones, John, carpenter. 



i Kelly, John, cabman. 
Kennedy, Thomas, wheelwright. 
LeadLey, Henry, tanner. 
Lovett, Francis, printer. 
Lovett, Patrick, labourer. 
Lyndon, John, labourer. 
McAulay, David, peddler. 
McDonald, D., clerk Canada Co. 
McDonald, Alex., with Blake & Morri 
son. 

McG-uire, Misses. 
McLean, Hon. Archibald, judge Queens 

Bench, Queen West. 
McMahon, Edward. 
Malery, David, labourer. 
Madden, Pat, lime burner. 
Manson, George, gardener. 
Maughan, J., assistant commissary clerk. 
Meredith, J., carter. 
Mills, George, gardener, east. 
Mitchell, Sam, tanner. 
Mossop, J., Black Bull Inn. 
Morrison, Mrs., widow. 
Neely, Benjamin. 
[ Noble, Jesse, carpenter. 
! Norberry, William, labourer. 
! O Hern, Nicholas, labourer. 
! Orr, John, carter. 

O Hara, Col. Walter, Lake Shore road, 
; west of toll gate. 
j Paterson, Thomas, labourer. 
1 Paterson, William, labourer. 
j Perrott, Fred., labourer, ordnance de 
partment. 
I Perry, James, labourer. 

Reddick, James, bricklayer, 
j Reid, John, soap and candle maker. 
! Richmond, William, wheelwright. 
! Rogers, Luke, labourer. 

Ross, William, labourer. 

Rowe, V. it., of G. H. Cheney & Co. 

Rowelt, Joseph, blacksmith. 

Rowell, William, blacksmith. 

Scanlan, Catherine, widow. 

Shaw, John, carpenter. 

Smart, William, labourer. 

Smith, Edward, carpenter. 

Smith, Edward, stoker. 

Smith, James, blacksmith. 

Smith, Patrick, peddler. 

Spears, William, butcher. 

Stanton, William, D. A v Com. Gen. 

Stinson, Charles, teamster. 

Sullivan, John, labourer. 

Templeman, John, Blue Bell Inn. 

Sweeney, John, labourer. 

Turner, R. J., of T. G-wynne & Bacon. 

Thompson, Hugh, carter. 

Thompson, Isaac, of W. Copeland & U>, 

Thomson, James, carpenter. 

Tomb, Andrew, cooper. 

Tost, Henry, blacksmith. 

Trebilcock, John, Union Inn. 

Wadsworth, Mrs., dressmaker. 

Ward, Henry, butcher. 



LANDMARKS OF TORONTO. 



195 



Walker, Alex., mate steamboat. RICHMOND STREET EAST. 

Wiitson, George, Leer house. (South side even.) 

Welsh, James i, peddler. I Wood> j ameg , painter 6 

Watt. John, blacksmith. j Andrews, William, parish clerk St. 

Wheeler, James, labourer. James 16 

Williams, C., store keeper. j Cooper, Charles, " teamster... . 20 

Williams, William, provision store. j Auscombe, J., harnessmaker 22 

Wilson, James, shoemaker. Allcock, John, clerk; Nicolls, W T m., 

Winchester, Alex., carpenter. carpenter; Nicolls, Mrs., bonnet 

Workman, Joseph, of W", Boos. maker 24 

Young, John, brewer. Davy, Thos., carter; Spilling, Isaac, 

Young, John, shoemaker. tailor 28 

York, Michael, gardener. Harmath, Chas., brewer 

REGENT STREET. Liddell GeS." pTS^er f Shannon , 

(Unnumbered.) T., carpenter 34 

In the Park, north of King street. Clancy, Cornelius B., printer 88 

Briscoa, Andrew, storekeeper 40 

McDermott, Andrew, labourer. Armstrong, Alex., builder 42 

Mitchell, Bruce, gardener. Lailey, Thomes, store 44 

Rolph, William, chairmaker. Brooke, Dan l; Scarlett, J., labourer 46 

Welsh, Peter, shoemaker. Drinnan, John, labourer 48 

RICHMOND STREET EAST. ^^ U ^ J f ^. labour< r r JJ? 

Quigley, Robert, marketman 54 

(North side-odd.) Heffernan, Davis, teacher 56 

Second street north of King street Davis, John F., dealer in drugs 58 

east commences at Yonge street and Donlery, Chas., printer; Hamilton, 

runs north to Nelson street. R-, labourer; Hanton, John, la- 

tjotirsr* ... 60 

McMellen, J., carpenter; Norman, O Connor, Mary, store 66 

Robert, cabinetmaker 5 Q Beirne, T., pedlar; Walsh, P., 

Brummond Mrs .. auctioneer 68 

Matthew, Charles, boarding house... Gibb Charles, engineer; Leys, Wm., 

Harris, John, labourer 13 carpenter 70 

Black, John, labourer (rear); Irwin, | Griffith, Wm. ,"shoemaker; Ryan, J., 

Thomas, carter; Waite, William, peddler 82 

shoemaker 15 , Henn-ssey, "T"!"ia b"o ur er;" Keller, T!, 

Taylor, Mrs., widow 17 i tailor - 84 

Montgomer5J,Gea, porter............... 19 Brewley ," Michael, labourer 86 

r Miteheli , Wm. ir M n ,TTOk e kelp?r er ...! 21 BJCHMOND STREET WEST. 

Battin, J., carpenter; Purdy, Wm., (North! side odd.) 

cQ/rtcr 25 

King John M D 9 7 Commences at Yonge street and runs 

Hamilton, Mrs. , boarding "house!!"! 29 west to Peter street. 

Storm. Thomas, builder 35 i Wiley, James, carpenter -. 

Wilson, John ~ 37 | George, Dinah, bonnet maker 

Watkins, James, printer 41 Owen, John, labourer 

Whittemore, Mrs., widow 45 Blair, John, cabinetmaker 13 

Gordon, W., captain steamer Ad- Gale, John, shoemaker 

miral; Young, Thos., carpenter... 47 Riddell, J., milkman 

Nimmo, John, agent for periodicals 51 Cubitt, Thomas, baker 21 

Lyness, Kennedy, carpenter; Lyaess, Lee, Vernon M., provision dealer- 
Miss, milliner 53 Dill, Alex., Lord Nelson Inn 27 

Donnelly, Patrick, bricklayer; Me- Vollor, James, sailor 29 

Mullen, R. E., wharfinger 55 Miller, A., bookbinder 

Marling, J. W., bookkeeper 57 Summers, John, carpenter 

Rutherford, Edward H.; Ruther- McGregor, J., blacksmith 37 

ford, Mrs., widow 59 Hunter, J., carpenter 39 

Nobl", May, widow 61 Bain, John, bookbinder ~ 43 

Cuthbert. Richard, bookbinder 65 Morgan, G. W., shoemaker 49 

Ausiin, James, grocer 67 Turnbull, Walter, carpenter 51 

Davis, Thomas, labourer 71 Gale, Benjamin 53 

Clinkenbr comer, Chas., watchmaker 75 Duffy, Patrick, sailor 57 

Shaw, John, of S. Turnbull; Young, Wheeler, Wm., carpenter 61 

Wm., carpenter 77 Miller, J v , 69 

Elliot, Chris., of C. E. & Co.; John- Crowther, James, law student 71 

ston, G., carter -r 83 Hawkins, Henry 77 

Stark, Rev. Wm., Presbyterian 87 Laing, A., bookkeeper _......._ 81 



196 



LANDMARKS OF TORONTO. 



Wilcox, John, carpenter .- 83 RIVER STRI 

Gaskill John, painter; Sims, Samuel, (Unnumbered.; 

J carpenter ba First street west of Don bridge, run- 
Furlong, Patrick, boatman; n ^ ng nor th from King street. 

ards, H., carpenter; Bolston, J., i Allison j ames , labourer. 

carpenter , charlton, Robert, labourer. 

Copp, Wm., carpenter J Connelly, John, labourer. 

Collard, Joseph, engineer Corken John, labourer. 

Campbell Burton, printer Cornell Edward, brickmaker 

Lee, .J, labourer; Lynch, U, - i D Dav id, labourer. 

bourer; Watkins, J., tax collector 105 Drojer avi labourer 

Harper, John, carpenter, Yates, ^ T homas f brickmaker. 

Thomas, carpenter """ Hamilton, James, carter. 

Tobbitt, Joseph, carpenter, Ross, ^erring Jeremiah, labourer. 

James, carpenter J" McW i g g in, Richard, labourer. 

, 1: Sacher:..::::::::: :::::::::::: 121 SAYER STREET. 

RICHMOND STREET WEST. (Unnumbered.) 

(South side aven.) First street east of Osgoode Hall; co: 

Cormican Patrick, labourer 2 men ces at Queen street and runs north. 

Hazlehurst, B.; Segsworth, J., wag- ! Abrams> Joseph, carpenter (coloured). 

gonmaker : Alexander, Wm., cabinet-maker. 

Simpson, W., storekeeper s clerk b ; Archer> w ., bricklayer. 

Mcllmurray, J-, M.D... , | Armstrong, Alex., labourer. 

Clezie, James, cabinetmaker ie , Blacfc Johnt carpenter. 

Searight, J., machinist ^ Brookes Reuben and Noah (coloured). 

Shaw, Samuel, axemaker Brown john, labourer. 

Adams, Samuel, labourer J Brown! Stephen, labourer (coloured). 

Macnamara, Dennis.... ^6 

Courtney, Thomas, labourer bu 

TTcTmi r* n IVCrS WIQOW I^LILZ>, ? j-u.., - 

FiS Michael, carpenter 82 , Flavin, Daniel, labourer. 

RICHMOND STREET. Furlong, John, carper 

Unnumbered ) Graham, George, carpenter. 

Green, Geo, labourar (coloured). 

Bryan, Patrick, lab, Hamilton, Robert, coach-maker 

Burns, David, ^oem^ker^^^ ^^ Wm labo {co i oured ). 

Hardfield, Mrs., widow. 



Creghton James, store. 

Curran, John, labourer. 

Dempster John, carpenter. 

Earls Francis, city constable. 

Fleming Andrew, city constable. 

Fleming Martin, labourer. 

Gillaspie, John, artist 

Grimwood, Mrs., near St. Patrick s mkt. 

Head, Charles, tailor. 

Henry, James, axemaker. 

Johnston, Almira, widow. 

Kerr, John, baker. 

Moore, James, labourer. 

Robinson, Hon. John Beverley, 

Justice of the Queens Bench. 
Watson, B., of R. W. & Co. 
Wright, John, sawyer. 

s SSSBSS- cu 

n ROBERT STREET. 

(Unnumbered.) 

Near north end of Spadina avenue. 
Dennison, Robert, farmer. 
Gorman, James, labourer. 



** 



Hughes, Elisha, wheelwright. 
Hunter, Thos., carter. 
Hutchins, W., stonecutter. 
Johnston, John, cabman. 
McLeod, James, mason. 
Marks, John, camphire oil mafcei 
Miller, Thos., stonecutter. 
Moore> Nicholas, cook. 
Pi m Richard, carpenter. 
PJ^ Wm., carpenter. 
Porter, Samuel, carpenter. 
Skinner) James, carpenter. 
Roence Wm., carpenter. 
bpence, sho m ^r. 

^ in< 

lasterer . 
, 



Worth, Benjamin, carpenter. 
SCOTT STREET. 

(East side.) 
. , t t ^ t ^ Yonge street on 



LANDMARKS OF TORONTO. 



19 1 : 



Frcynt street; commencing at the bay 

and running north. 

Acton, William, shoemaker. 

Bleakley, James, shoemaker. 

Buie, John, sailor. 

Campbell, Patrick, sailor. 

Gorman, Michael, labourer. 

Graham, Patrick, boarding house. 

Grindley, T., letter carrier. 

Halloran. M., tailor. 

Percy, Wm., painter. 

Shewan, M., marketman. 

Stacks, Adam, stonecutter. 

Stoddard, David, carpenter. 

Wallace, Edward, tailor. 

SCOTT STREET. 

I Unnumbered.) 

Brotherston, Wm., blacksmith. 
Carfrae, Mrs. Thtmas, widow. 
Duncan, Thos., shoemaker. 
Murphy, James. 
Williams, R., blacksmith. 

SHEPARD STREET. 

(Unnumbered.) 

Between Bay street and York street; 
commences at Adelaide street and runs 
north to Richmond street. 

Alderdice, Robert, carpenter. 
Alderdice, Samuel, porter U. C. C. 

College. 

Alexander, Robert, carpenter. 
Bennett, Edward, carpenter. 
Black, Henry, waiter. 
Bond, John, carter. 
Brown, Ezra, axe-maker. 
Conway, James, axe-grinder. 
Dodds, George, axe-Snaker. 
Gibson, Jeremiah, saddler. 
Halford, Mrs., boarding house. 
Leed, Wm., shoemaker. 
McNeeny, Patrick, shoemaker. 
Miller, Wm., shoemaker. 
Milligan, Arthur, tailor. 
Purcell, Edward, carpenter, 
Shaw, Archibald, pattern-maker. 
Shannon, James, carpenter. 
Stockwell, John, stonecutter. 
Todd, James, carpenter. 

SHUTER STREET. 

(Unnumbered.) 

First street north of Queen street 
east, commencing at Yonge street and 
running east. 

Lamb, Wm., carpenter. 

Lewis, John, clerk -to W. Gamble. 

Perry, E., keeper House of Industry. 

Hodgson, James, teacher. 

Price, James, builder. 

SIMCOE STREET. 
(Unnumbered.) 

FoHirth street west of Yonge street 
on King street; commences at the bay 
runs north to Queen street. 



Brough, Seeker, official principal Court 

i of Probate. 

Callaway, David, shoemaker. 

De La Haye, J. P., French master U. 
C. C. 

Ford, Geo., blacksmith and founder. 

Hagerman. Hon. Christopher A., judge 

Queen s Bench. 
; Joseph, Y., clerk of Assize. 

Robertson, John, wholesale merchant. 

Tuxson, John, carter. 

Myers, W. A. C., printer. 

Wallis, Thos., sr., cabinetmaker. 

Wardrobe, Francis, blacksmith. 

SPADINA AVENUE. 
(Unnumbered.) 

Continuation of Brock street; runs 

north from Queen street west. 

Anderson, C. P., labourer. 

Bailey, James, labourer. 

Baker, John, butcher. 

Baxter, James, mason. 

Brennan, messenger Commist. Dept. 

Broomfield, James, ca.rpenter. 
j Brown, Archibald, sailor. 
I Bunker, Thos., bricklayer. 

Cowen, Charlotte, widow. 
I Crawford, John, carpenter. > 

, Cuinmings, Margaret, widow. 

Davidson, John, labourer. 

Deering, James. , 

Doody, Thomas, labourer. 

Doughty, James, labourer. 

Driscoll, Jeremiah, labourer. 
: Farley, John, labourer. 
| Falkner, Thomas, teamster. 

Farrell, Patrick, carpenter. 

Flay, Absalom, carpenter. 

Foster, Mrs. Colonel, widow. 

Foster, C., barrister. 
I GaMoway, Thomas, mason. 

Goodwin, James, labourer. 

Golding, James, sailor. 

Hamilton, Wm., labourer. 

Hardcastle, Simon, labourer. 

Hark, Robert, plasterer. 
! Hewson, Misses, Ladies Seminary, west 
of Spadina. 

Henderson, George. 

Higgins, Francis, teacher. 

Hinds, Richard, butcher. 

Houghton, G., clerk Royal Engineers 
Department . 

Hughes, James, labourer (coloured). 

Hutchinson, John, sailmaker. 

Irwin, Alex., Jaloiirer. 

Joyce, Wm., labourer (coloured) 

Kerr, John, carpenter. 

KeyMorth, Wm., labourer. 

Kilheeney, John, labourer. 

Laa, Patrick, labourer. 

Lawlor, Lawrence. 

Longstaff, R , plasterer. 

Loring, Col. Robert R. 



198 



LANDMARKS OF TORONTO. 



McClure, Andrew, bricklayer. 

McNeil, Hugh. 

Mahar, Daniel, labourer. 

Magili, Robert, labourer. 

Mansfield, Robert, gardener. 

Mather, William. 

Monaghan, Patrick, labourer. 

Morrison, Edward, labourer. 

Murphy, Patrick, labourer. 

O Brien, Dennis, laboarer. 

Paddon, James, plasterer. 

Peckham, George, labourer. 

Pendergast, Edward, labourer. 

Robinson, John, carpenter. 

Rogers, John, labourer. 

Simmons, Daniel, carpenter. 

Sloan, William, carpenter. 

Smith, David. 

Smith, Richard, labo:irer. 

Smith, Wm., carpenter. 

Sullivan, H., professor of anatomy, K. 

C. University. 

Thompson, James, carpenter. 
Verrall, J. F. marketman. 
Watson, James, labourer. 
West, John, labourer. 
Wright, Joseph, labourer. 

SUMACH STREET. 
(.Unnumbered.) 

Second street west from Don bridge, 

running north from King street and 

south to South Park street. 

Boles, John, Richard and James. 

Bruce, William, labourer. 

Burke, John, labourer. 

Corrigan. John, labourer. 

Caulay, James, labourer. 

Chambers, James, labourer. 

Coolaghan, Joseph, carpenter. 

Grubb, William, carpenter. 

Hilliard, John, labourer. 

Tames, Wm., labourer. 

Kennev, Thos., policeman. 

Low, Patrick, labourer. 

McAulay. Leonard, labourer. 

McGaw, Mrs., widow. 

Mclntyre, J-, labourer. 

Morris. Ann. 

Neal, Thos., labourer. 

Reed, Thos., labourer. 

Sando, David, labourer. 

Sando, Edward, labourer. 

Steward. John, labourer. 

Whiteside, Arthur and Nathaniel, la 
bourers. 

TECUMSETH STREET. 

(Unnumbered.) 
West of Bathurst street, near the 

G-arrison. 

Dyson, Joseph, labourer. 

TEMPERANCE STREET. 

(Unnumbered.) 

Second street north of King street 
west; commences at Yonge street and 
runs west. 



Butterry, Wm., tailor. 
Hornbrook, John, blacksmith. 
Husband, Wm., carter. 
Iredale, Ishmael, tinsmith. 
Jones, Wm., clerk. 
Mullen, Patrick, carter. 
Nutall, Wm., tailor. 
Rogers, Wm., carpenter. 
Stevenson, John, saddler. 

TERAULAY STREET. 
(West side Odd.) 

Second street west of Yonge street; 

commences at Queen street and rans 

north. 

Davidson, Joseph, labourer ; Grier. 
John, blacksmith ; 5 

Coleman, Thos., labourer; Power, J., 
labourer ; Browne, John, wharf- 
keeper ; rear 9 

| Storey. David, teacher 1;1 

Bird, Joseph, painter 17 

I Blancy, Robert, bookbinder ; Wil 
liams, John, candle maker 19 

! Millen Ro rt., carpenter; Troip, Jas., 

stonecutter; Wilson, Wm., cab- 

; inet maker; Allison, A., labourer; 

Burney, David; rear 21 

i Abbott. W. R 23 

TERAULAY STREET. 

(Unnumbered.) 
i Alexander, W., carpenter. 
I Allan, Sam., carpenter. 

Angus, James, carpenter. 
! Bartlett, Richard, carpenter. 
i Benson, Robt., carpenter. 
; Brookes. James, labourer. 

Brown. Wm., labourer. 

Burgess, Jamas, tailor. 
i Burk, Edward, carpenter. 
Eyewater, Mrs., widow. 
I Campliell, W., upholsterer. 

Carey. Newton, barber, (coloured.) 

Clayton, John, bricklayer. 

Coons, Gkvorge, labourer. 

Cotton, William, plasterer. 

Craig, George, turner. 

Craig, Mack, keeper lunatic asylum. 

Dalton, Richard, carpenter. 

Dawson, Charles, bricklayer. 

Downey, John, bricklayer. 

Duncan, William, blacksmith. 

Ev.ans, Mary. 

Forbes, John, pattern maker. 

Fraser, John, carpenter. 

Graham, George, tailor. 

Gitint, Jane, widow. 

Hamilton, Maxwell, carpenter. 

Harris, John, carpenter. 

Henderson, Hewson, labourer. 

Hopkins, William, tailor. 

Jackson, David, carpenter, (coloured.) 

Jackson, Samuel, labourer, (coloured.) 

Jeffrey, George, cabinet maker. 

Johnston, William, carpenter. 

Johnston, Jane, widow. 

Kennedy, George, taiior. 



LANDMARKS OF TORONTO. 199 

Lennox, James, carter. VICTORIA STREET. 

Lews, Isaac, tailor, (rear.) (East side sven.) 

Lyttie, John, labourer. First fc t eagt f y gtreet 

McNiven, Hope, salesman Ross & Co. ] fnrnmitn! . M nf Adol^dP rtitmE a,nd runs 

O Hara, Timothy, labourer. 

Parker, William, blacksmith. 



Parkes, Thomas, cabinet maker. 



commences at Adelaide street and runs 
sortl- to Gerrard street. 

McCarthy, James, labourer 2 



I OlJbVDf "_" *"-r*j v>c*-/ia-i.-v>ix j_ui* *i v- j. . - ,-.,. T J_ 4 

Purkiss, William, carpenter. Connor J., painter 

Rogers, George, engineer. ! Law. Wm bricklayer ; Tenley, 

Holies, Wm., tailor. George plasterer 10 



Skerry, Timothy, labourer. 
Simmooids, George, teacher. 
Snarr, Thomas, bricklayer. 
Smith, Wm., bricklayer. 
Telfer, James, grocer s clerk. 
Usher, George, cabinet maker. 
Walker, Jonas, labourer, (coloured.. 
Toy, William, provision store. 
Toy, Joseph, cabinet maker. 
Torld, James, carpenter. 
Thornton, John, bricklayer. 

TEMPLE CHAMBERS. 
Patrick, Edwin, law student. 

TORONTO STREET. 
Runs north frotn King street to Ade- 



Brown, John, labourer ; Turpy, 

D., porter ; Miller, J., labourer... 14 
Bates, S., carter ; Lennox, J., car 
ter ; Devlin, Richard, carter 16 

Christian, Rev. Washington, 

African Baptist 24 

Bengouga, J., carpenter ; Garven, 
J., confectioner ; Wilson, George, 
carter ; "VVilcox, George, carter... 26 

Davis, Archibald, printer 28 

Hampson, William, carpenter 32 

Carney, Patrick, wheelwright ; Rea- 

hill. T., labourer 34 

McGillivray, Jane, store 38 

Buchanan, C. W., M. D 40 

, Gallagher, Alexander, bricklayer ; 
Young. John, gardener 42 



laide street, between Yonge and Church Lycm, M., teamster ; Todd, Robert, 

streets. carpenter 44 

McCloskey, J., letter carrier 5 ! Curran, Robert, tailor ; Whiteley, 

Rees, William, M. D 9 Joseph, shoemaker 46 

Clark, Mary, widow 15 Crew, W. B., auctioneer 48 

TORONTO STREET. ! Elliott, William, tailor 54 

(TJnnumlMjred.) ! Bond. Y., drug clerk ; McTeay, Geo., 

salesman 58 



Baker, Wm., livery stable. 



Turnar, Adam, engineer 60 

Ramm, Charles, carpenter 62 



TRINITY STREET. 

(Unnumbered.) i Cuthbertson, Rev. "Samuel, Pres- 

Commences at King street east near terian church .............................. 72 

Trinity church, and runs south to the Cuthbertson, John, broom maker ... 74 

windmill. : Bink, J., machinist; Lorirner, S., 

Atkinson, William, labourer. _, carpenter ........... 

Barrett, Joseph, teamster. i orbes, John carpenter ............... 

Cameron, Archibald, dairyman. j Taylor W blacksmith ............... 



ISSfc 



Goodwin, James, sailor. VICTORIA STRE ET. 

Gorman, David, labourer. (West side _ odd.) 

Gorman, Elizabeth, widow. , -, o 

Gordon Mrs., n.dow. | gg^ - W J = ^ Z~ 7 

Jones, James, brewer. Ro&rtson. Mary! widow ............... n 

Kemdrick, Josiah, ship carpenter. ! Miller P tailor 11 

Lundy, Patrick, labourer. Walker Dr 13 

Mason, Samuel, butcher. i Stewart, John,"shomaker ... .... . . . . . . . . 15 

Murphy, Lawrence, labourer. : Beatty, Alex., lalwurer ; Hateson, 

lerdon Dennis, labourer, Matthew, carpenter; Harvey, 

?tarks, John, shoemaker. ; Thomas, store ........................... 17 

Tedder, Robert, labourer. Fisher David, labourer; Prescott, 

Vance, John, labourer. j labourer ................................. 19 

Thorn, Thomas, mason. Lessley, T., labourer , .". ""..."".!! ..! . .! 2tt 
^orts, James, of Gooderham & Co., re- Johnston, H., bricklayer; Slee, J., 

sidence near Trinity. ; shoemaker ............. ! ...................... 23 



200 



LANDMARKS OF TORONTO. 



Fowler, Geo., carpenter ; Parker, 

Thomas, carpenter 25 

Nisbett, Robert, carpenter 33 

Loudon, William, labourer 35 

Blain, Isaac, lake captain 39 

Brown, John, builder 4-1 

Wightman, Robert 45 

Wightman, John, of R. W. &. Co... 47 

Waldron, Martin, tailor 51 

Kennedy, J., carpenter 53 

Kennedy, Thos., carpenter ; Cun 
ningham. John, millwright 55 

Hall, William, carpenter 63 

Long, R., carter ; Trott, William, 

tailor 65 

Graham, Thos., carpenter ; Mc- 

Kenzie, TL, tailor 67 

Lynch, P., shoemaker 71 

Swan, Matthew, carpenter 75 

Xoble, J., tailor ; Shearer, R., mason 77 

Gibson, Joseph, tailor 79 

Ushur, R., painter 81 

Birmingham, Edward, carpenter ... 83 j 

Spedding, J-, moulder 95 ! 

VICTORIA STREET. 



Taylor, W. D., of Freeland & Tay 
lor 29 

Coulson, A., of Gilmour & Coulson. 31 

WELLINGTON STREET. 

(Unnumbered.) 

Bell & Inglis, Wellington Hotel. 

Chewett, William. 

Grantham, John, liverv stables. 

Hamilton, Wales & Chettle, Welling 
ton buildings. 

Hartney, Henry. 

Jarvis, Wm. B., sheriff home district. 

Macdonell, Duncan, of Smith & Mac- 
donell. 

Malone, Maurice, labourer. 

Mercer, Andrew, agent marriage li 
censes. 

Murphy, John, Cooper s Arms Inn. 

Spragge, Joseph, sr. 

Travers, Martin, labourer. 

WELLINGTON PLACE. 



First street north of Front, commen 
cing at Brock street and running west 
to Portland street. 
(Unnumbered.) Thompson, T. H., assistant Com y-Gen l. 

McKee, R., Prince of Wales Inn. YONGE STREET. 

Snarr, John, builder. (Unnumbered.) 

WELLINGTON STREET EAST. Ashfield, gun maker. 

(North side even.) Bacon, Wm. Vynne, solicitor in Chan- 

First street north of Front street, | eery. 

commences at Yonga street and runs \ Ballantyne, Robert, carpenter, 
east to Church street. i Bell, William, law student. 

Jones, J. M., Tattersall s repository 12 I Bell, William, carpenter. 
Gunn Alex 16 Benbow, Edward, rope maker. 

Barnes, J. D.""agent ZlZ".""""" 18 Berczy, Charles postmaster. 

Whittam, Thomas, pumpmaker 24 illmgs, 1 I., toll-gate line. 

WELLINGTON STREET EAST. g3S| 5& i widow. 

Boulton, Hon. Henry John, barrister. 

Bayley, George confectioner 5 goyer, Thomas. 

Phair, Wm., innkeeper 37 Bridgland, Samuel, shoemaker. 

WELLINGTON STREET WEST. ; BrLggs, Wm. and Robert, carpenters. 

(North side even.) i Brown, Thomas, labourer. 

Commences at Yonge street and runs ; Burns W., gardener, toll-gate lise 
west to Peter street. west of longe. 

Charles, James. 

McArthur, Robert, shoemaker Charlton, John, carter, Bay shore. 

McDonnell, J., carter Edwards, Robert, innkeeper. 

Carney, William, labourer 6 Elmsley Hon . j.. Clover Hill. 

Bond, John, plasterer; Mitchell, ; Ellis, H. B., store. 

M., labourer Fisher, John, bricklayer. 

Cameron. John, cashier Com. Bank 1<2 pio^ -\Vm store 

Ganton, Mrs., boarding-house Fleming, James, gardener and florist. 

Pearson, Thos., custom house broker 8 , Freeland & Taylor, soap and candle 
WELLINGTON STREET WEST. makers. 

(South side odd.) I Fyfe, Rev. Robert A., Baptist. 

Traling, Wm., blacksmith 1 ! Gibson, Thomas, pork dealer. 

Campbell, J., shoemaker; Stone, Grainger, George, gardener. 

Daniel, chandler 15 Smith, Joseph, broom maker. 

Smith, Thomas, painter 19 Smith, Wm., Bee Hive Inn. 

Key, Miss, dressmaker 21 Somerset, John. 

O Brien, R., messenger Com. Bank. 23 Spragge, John C., grocer. 

Haigh, John 25 Sproule, Robert, provision store. 

McKenzie, W., clerk District Court 27 Stephenson, S. G. bricklayer. 



LANDMARKS OF TORONTO 



201 



Stephenson, Mrs., bonnet maker. 
Stewart, Paul, city missionary. 
Stitt, James, carter. 
Sullivan, R. B., of Sullivan & Hector. 
Sutherland, Kenneth M., of K. M. S. 
Sweetapple, Benj., corn dealer. 
Turreff, Wm., moulder. 
Urquhart, Alexander. 
Walford, Samuel, candle maker. 
Walker, James, keeper first toll-gate. 
West, Thos., master toll-gate line. 
Webb, Thomas, baker. 
Watson, George, carpenter. 
Wiglesworth, Abraham, carpenter. 
White, George H., builder. 
Wickson, James, butcher. 
Williamson, Robert, bookkeeper. 
Wilson, George, clogmaker. 
Woodsworth, Richard, builder. 
Wood, John, carpenter. 

YONGE STREET. 

(East side even.) 

The main northern road of the city, 
commencing at the Custom House 
wharf and running north. 

Hall, James, inn 4 i 

Maitland, D., baker 6 

Murphy, J., Albion hotel 8 

Gilmour & Coulson, dry goods 16 , 

Strange, N., wheelwright 22 ! 

Taylor, Archibald, Sir Wm. Wai- 
lac* imr> 26 

May, H., store 28 

McNabb, D., Argyle ion , 32 

Leslie, Geo., & Co. k seedsmen, florists 34 1 

McGregor, J. &. J., blacksmiths 36 j 

Lewis, L., shoemaker; Boyd* Daniel, 

carpenter; Henderson, J., barber... 40 
Blake & Morrison, barristers; Ewart, 

Thomas, barrister 42 

Bettey, M., merchant; Price & 

Ewart, barristers*. 44 

Crossley, John & Co., wholesale dry 

goods 46 

Piper, Hiram, copper aud tinsmith; 

Swain, J., & Co., patent medicines 50 

Green, Samuel T., gunmaker 52 j 

Nixon, Wm., shoemaker 54 

Droyer, Robert, grocer 56 ; 

Catton, George, carpenter 62 j 

Cook, Robert, confectioner 64 ; 

Malcolm, Alex., grocer 66 

Garbutt, C. C., tobacconist 68 

Joseph, H. A., furrier 70 

Murphy, Wm., cooper 72 

Spread, Wm., shoemaker 74 

Roberts, George, cabinetmaker 80 ; 

Keena, Patrick, Mullingar inn 82 

Leach, Thomas, veterinary surgeon... 84 
Fraser, John, & Sons; carpenters ; 
Carmichael, M., carpenter; Hen 
derson, J., shoemaker; LeeberU 

Joseph, shoemaker 86 

Robinson, Thomas, tailor 88 

Sanders, Thomas, hairdresser 90 

Paturson, Wm., provision shop 92 



Robson, E., cabinetmaker .................. 

Elgie, Thomas, Bay Horse irn ............ 

Morphy, Edward, watchmaker ......... 

Bell, Edwin, soap manufacturer ...... 

Langton, Thomas, shoemaker, Car- 
i t-rt, Joseph; Carbert, Mrs., dress 
maker ......................................... 

Lawson, E., grocer; Morrison, Win , 
jeweller ........................... ............ 

Sabine, Charles H., druggist ............ 

B?!!, R., cabinetmaker; Morris, J., 
marble cutter ; Evans, Edward, 
marble cutter .............................. 

Bettridge, John C., drugs and gro 
ceries ........................................... 

Leak, J., grocer .............................. 

Anderson, Thomas W., watchmaker 

Armstrong, J. B., city foundry ......... 

Henderson, Alex., dry goods ............ 

Thompson, John, shoemaker ............ 

Stewart, Mrs., widow ..................... 

Mclntosh, John ................................. 

Williams, H. B ................................ 

Williams, H. B., cabinetmaker ......... 

McGlashan, A .................................. 

Ewart, John, builder; Ewart, J., jr. 

Abraham, Joseph, Green Bush inn... 

Brown, Peter, builder .................. 

Howard, Thomas, baker ............... 

Tredall, Wm., plumber .................. 

Sproul, David, cabinetmaker ............ 

McPhail, C., bookbinder .................. 

Logan, J., seedsman ........................ 

Watson, Richard, tinsmith ............... 

Horley, Richard, shoemaker ............... 

Ushur, James, shoemaker ............... 

Edwards, John, saddler .................. 

Seabury, R., cooper ........................ 

YONGE STREET. 

(West side odd.) 

Logan, J., sailor ................... .......... 

Harris, Richard, store ..................... 

Brown, George, editor of Globe ...... 

Perrin, W. L. & Co ........................ 

Ross, Mitchell & Co., wholesale dry 

goods ............................................ 

Capreol, F. C., auctioneer .................. 

Robertson, John, wholesale dry 

goods ........................................... 

McDonald & Co., auctioneers ............ 

McMaster, Wm., dry goods ............ 

Cooper, Edward, dry goods ............ 

Carless, Jas., U. C. Bible and Tract 

Depository ................................. 

KcDonaH, A., auctioneer .................. 

Teane, M., spirit dealer .................. 

say, J-, itoya! Arms inn ............ 

Armstrong, James, saddler; Mrs. 

C. M. Armstrong, dressmaker ...... 

Armstrong, John, storekeeper; El 

liot, Christopher ........................... 

Barnes, James, carpenter .................. 

Berthon, J. S., portrait painter ; 
" Barber, G. A., editor of Herald ; 

Strange, J. M., auctioneer ............ 

Eastwood, John & Co., papermakers 
Stephens, James, bookbinder ............ 

Fulton, John, grocer ..................... 



94 
96 

100 



102 

104 
106 



10? 

110 
112 
114 
116 
128 



136 
138 
140 
142 
144 
148 
152 
164 
168 
170 
176 
180 
186 
18S 
192 
194 
196 
198 



I 
19 

29 
31 

33 
35 

39 

41 
43 
45 

47 
49 
51 
53 

55 

57 
59 



61 
68 



LANDMARKS OF TORONTO. 



Tyner, John, shoemaker; Wad dell, j Clarke, Mrs., widow. 

Carter, painter 83 Collins, John, Nag s Head Inn. 

Urquhart, S. F., patent medicine 85 Cromach, Joseph, butcher. 

Hamilton, Wm., shoemaker; l j at?r- ; Crumpton, Arthur, store. 

son, J., tailor 87 Cuthbert, Thomas, shoemaker. 

Stone, Matthew, saddler ; Daniels, Theophilus, shoemaker. 

Wilson, Jas., cabinetmaker I Daniels, Wm., store. 

Soady, James, shoemaker... 95 Dawson, John, brickmaker. 

Crawford, T., baker; Willis, John, Drew, ., ivory turner. 

store......... Dunlop, D. H., Wellington Saloon. 

Brown, Wm. E auctioneer 101 Farro Wm carpenter. 

Thomas, Wm., tinsmith 103 center. 

Harrison John, shoemaker 07 bonnet-imaker. 

&5a^fh\ 8 Sith r ::::::::::::::: m ; ****> * - ^-^ * 

Mulholland, J., shoemaker 113 x ! n p 

Acheson & Watson, leather dealers 115 lad i ls Wm., bricklayer. 

Andrews, George, shoemaker 117 Goodall, John, gardener. 

Leonard, N. R., painter 121 j Glassco, Thos., ST., shoemaker. 

Wilkinson, Miles, saddler 123 i Goad, James, iron founder. 

McDonald Miss, bonnet maker ; Hamilton, Wm., gardener. 

Simpson, R., carpenter 129 Harvard, Rev. Wm., British Methodist. 

McCracken, Wm., shoemaker 131 \ Haycosk, Wm., carpenter. 

Geddes, Adam, tailor; Cunningham, j Hayden, Wm., carpenter. 

David, blacksmith 133 Hewson, John. 

Lutroyche, H., tailor 135 Hibbert, John. 

Connall, Win., tinsmith 137 Hill, Wm., carpenter. 

Courtney, Henry, nailmaker; Dunny, Howell, John, storekeeper. 

Mrs., milkwoman 1 j Hunter, Wm., timber dealer. 

Hamilton, Sidney S., Temperance Hutchinsoa, Wm., mason. 

House...... Ml Johnston, Matthew. 

McKeen T J., shoemaker.... 1 ; Jenkms James, carpenter. 

Grave, Wm., shoemaker; Murray, J., Ke own, Robart, la.bo.u-AT. 

tinsmith......... 1 Kiteon, Robert, shoemaker. 

Armitage, John, baker....... 147 Lamb> rt3r R-> inding store> 

WILLIAM STREET. Leask, James, general sto.e. 

(East side even.) | Lewis, E. G., storekeeper. 

First street west of College avenue, ^ ove - B^rt, ropemaker 
commencing at Queen street and run- j Lynes, Charles, o. L. & B. 
nine north Lucas - Edward, Crown Inn. 

10 ! McAlpin, Rev. Harvey. 
Hagarty, John, barrister 12 , McBirnLe Nicholas, labourer. 

HSfer Rl Jon^Tar-rister::::..:::-"::::::::: II : McAulay, Hon. J. B., judge Queen . 

Carruthers F. F., barrister 18 ; , /r - B ncn ,,,.. 

Bolwell, Henry, of H. & W. R 20 ! McFarquar, \V illmm. 

Campbell, W. A., clerk of assize 26 i McGregor, Mrs., Rob Roy Inn. 

uriTTTATvi Tr>TTT?T McLellan, Malcolm. 

W ^elf sid^dY McLeai Lieut. Martin, late Adjutant 

15th Regiment. 

Cumberlidge, John, blacksmith-. McPhail, Robert, bookbinder. 

Barnes Thos., Government Land McTamney, Edward, carter, 

it... -;"" """"""" Margetson, Wm., innkeeper. 

\VILLIAM Marchant, Robert, carpenter. 

(Unnumbered.) Milner, Joseph, brewer. 

Beaven, George, timber dealer. Mo^fatts, Murray, & Co. 

Pretty, Henry, plasterer. Morphy, Edward, carpenter. 

Gwynne, Hugh. Morrison, J. C., of Blaie & M. 

Gwynne, James H. Musson, Mrs. Mary, widow. 

Gwynne, John, barrister. Netley, Thomas, waiter. 

Milligan, Gilbert, carpenter. Nowell, Mrs. and Miss, dressmakers. 

YONGE STREET. Porter, George, printej. 

(Unnumbered.) Price, James Harvey, M.P.P., of P. & 

Ades, Edward, cigar manufacturer. Ewart. 

Anderson, Thos., blacking maker. Reeve, Wm., fanning mill makev. 

Barnes, John, carperiter.. Richards, Henry, labourer. 

Barrow, George. Riddell, Wm., tailor. 

Barton, R. H., Rising Sun Inn. Boas, Richard. 



LANDMARKS OF TORONTO. 



203 



Ryan & Co., hardware. 

Bjiiii, Mrs., widow. 

Kowland, John, tailor. 

Saddler, Robert, bricklayer. 

Scott, Jonathan, butcher. 

Sceets, N. G., carpenter. 

Sharpe, Win., carpenter. 

Sharpe, Wm.., shoemaker. 

Sheppard, Jacob, cabinet-make*. 

Sherwood, Hon. H., of S. & Philpotts. 

Sol ici tor-Gene r al . 

Sisson, Zebediah, carpenter. 

Shields, Scott, carpenter. 

Simpson, Wm., well digger. 

Simpson, Alex., shoemaker. 

Simpson, Robert, grocery. 

Sleigh, John, butcher. 

Smith, Anderson, oyster house. 

Smith, John, steamer Sovereign. 

YORK STREET. 
(East side even.) 

Second street west of Yonge street 
on Front street; commencing at the bay 

.,...( running north. 

JBickerstaff, Fred., painter 48 

^.^x^^, ^, -...^ .....i^ai Hi. Inn 50 

Gray, Richard, store 52 

Noxtheote, Charles, grocer 54 

Coites, John; Reeves, R., baker... 56 
Devlin, Daniel, carter; Smith, Fran 
cis, brass founder 60 

Hyde, C., protessor* of music 66 

Robinson, James, innkeeper 68 

Connell, Richard, axe-maker 70 

Johnson, S., shoemaker ; Tilley, 

Thomas, plasterer (coloured) 74 

Howard, Isaac, grocer; Runnick, 

George, inn 76 

Woodland, James, blacksmith 80 

Smallwood, Thomas, labourer (col 
oured) 82 

Banks, Jarad, hatter (coloured) 84 

Warren, Christopher, innkeeper 88 

YORK STREET. 
(West side odd.) 

Wilkinson, Captain Royal Engineers 8 
McFaul, D., printer; Nelson, Thos., 

labourer 47 

Berry, Francis, clerk 49 

Mellick, J., cabinet-maker 55 

Backes, William, shoemaker 57 

Rankins, Boawell, cook (coloured)... 59 
Newton, George, carpenter; Webb, 

E., dressmaker 61 

Beach, John, St. George and Dra 
gon Inn 63 

Hutton, Thomas, tinsmith 65 

Smith, Elias,, cook (coloured) 73 

Jarvis, Francis, carpenter 75 

Stephens, Ann, widow; Bell, J., car 
penter; Moore, R., carter 77 

Mclntosh, R., cooper; Davis, C., cook 

(.coloured); Lamb, R., baker 81 

Waddeli, Carter, painter (coloured) 83 



Hickman, Wm., barber (coloured)... 85 
Moody, Mrs. Col.; Hickman & John 
son, innkeepers (coloured) 91 

Rintou.1, Rev. Wm., Pres. Church 

of Canada 93 

Eastwood, John, jr 95 

Cooney, Rev. R., British Methodist 97 
Scadding, Charles, at Moffatt, Mur 
ray & Qo 99 

Rankin, John, M.D 101 

Rogerson, John J., teacher 105 

Hornby, Robert, M.D 107 

Rogers, Thos., tailor 109 

YORK STREET. 
(Tj nnumbered.) 

Charters, John, Tinnings Wharf 

Chewitt, James G. 

Dillon, John, bookkeeper. 

Dillon & Andrews, milliners. 

Draper, Hon. W. G., Attorney-General. 

Draper & Brongh, barristers. 

Ellah, John, British Coffee House. 

Ellicot, labourer, near St. James ceme 
tery. 

Fitzgibbon, Charles, registrar Court of 
Probate. 

Gwynne, W. C., M.D., professor of an 
atomy. 

Masterson, Michael, razor grinder. 

YORKVILLE. 

The village at the Yonge street toll- 
gate. 

Dobson. James, carpenter. 

Fairbanks, Levi, gunsmith. 

Harris & Routledge, storekeepers. 

Robinson, John, wheelwright. 

Skarow, James, Castle Frank brewery. 

Wallis, James, blacksmith. 

Young, Thomas, Red Lion Inn. 



PUBLIC OFFICES AND INSTITU 
TIONS. 

Clerk of the Peace Court House. 

Treasurer of the Home District Court 
House. 

Sheriff of the Home District Court 
! House. 

District Council Office Court House. 

Clerk of the Division Courtbase 
ment of Court House. 

Clerk of the District Court- 
City Chamberlain New City Hall. 

Mayor s Office New City Hall. 

City Clerk New City Hall. 

Police Office head station, New City 
Hall. 

Police Office West end station, 
! Queen, corner of John. 

City Inspector Nevy City Hall. 

Police Court held in New City Hall. 

Mayor s Court. held in Court House. 

District Court held in Court House. 

Assizes held in Court House. 

Queen s Bench held in Osgoode Hall. 



204 



LANDMARKS OF TORONTO. 



Court of Chancery, Osgoode Hall. 

Crown Office Osgoode Hall. 

Coroner Dug gan s residence, King, 
corner of George. 

King s College at present in Old 
Parliament buildings. 

Banner Yonge street, south of King. 

British Colonist King street east. 

British Canadian Bay street, south 
of King. 

Christian Guardian King street east. 

Examiner King street east. 

Herald Yonge street, north of King. 

Globe Yonge street, south of King. 

Mirror Nelson street, north of King. 

Patriot King street west. 

Star King street west. 

Court of Probate Office- 
Surrogate s Office Wellington build 
ings- 
Bible Society 47 Yonge street. 

Church Society Rooms 5 King st. w. 

News Rooms North-east corner of 
Old Market buildings. 

Athenaeum North-west corner of Old 
Market buildings. 

Commercial Bank 12 Wellington st. 
west. 

Bank of British North America Cor 
ner of Yonge and Wellington streets. 

Branch Bank of Montreal Corner of 
Yonge and Front streets. 

Bank of Upper Canada Duke, cor 
ner of George. 

H. D. Mutual Insurance Company 
10 Nelson street. 

B. A. Fire and Life Assurance Com 
pany George street, near Duke. 

Gas Company s Of f ice South-west cor 
ner of Old Market buildings. 

Water Company s Office South-west 
corner of Old Market buildings. 

Toronto and Huron R. R. Office- 
King, corner of Frederick. 

Canada Company s Office Frederick, 
south of King. 

Crown Lands Office King street, cor 
ner of Simcoe. 

Clergy Reserves Office King street, 
corner of Simcoe. 

Commissariat Office Wellington 
place. 

Ordnance Office Wellington place. 

Royal Engineer s Office Front street, 
near Peter. 

Fire Inspector s Office 28 Church st. 

Marriage License Wellington, corner 
of Bay. 

Indian Affairs Office King, corner of 
Simcoe. 

Baths King street west. 

Potter s Field At Yonge street toll- 
gate. 

St. James Cemetery Head of Par 
liament street. 

Fire Engine Station- 



Fire Bell Ringer- 
Common Council Room New City 

JtfljEtll. 

Attorney-General s Office York st. 

Union Race Course Kingston road 
immediately beyond Don bridge. 

St. Leger Race Course Head of Bev- 
erley street. 

Cricket Ground North of St. Leger 
Race Course. 

Caer Howell Head of College ave. 

Racquet Court King street west, op 
posite Macdonald s Hotel. 

Bowling Ground Head of College ave. 

PUBLIC BUILDINGS AND PLACES. 

Jail Foot of Berkeley street, on 
Lake shore. 

Court House Church street, north of 
King street. 

Old City Hall Market square, King 
street east. 

New City Hall Bay shore, opposite 
Market square. 

Osgoode Hall Queen street, head of 
York street. 

Old Parliament buildings Front st., 
between Simcoe and John streets. 

King s College University Head of 
College avenue. 

U. C. College King street, west of 
Simcoe street. 

Hospital King street, west of John 
street. 

House of Industry Shuter street, 
near Yonge street. 

Post-officeWellington street, west of 
Church street. 

Old Government House Simcoe st., 
corner of King street. 

Barracks Bay shore, west end of city. 

Mechanics Institute North of the- 
Court House. 

Lunatic Asylum Toronto street, near 
King street. 

Custom House Foot of Yonge street. 

Fish Market South of new City Hall. 

Principal Market Market square. 

St. Patrick s Market Queen street 
west, near John street. 

Firemen s Hall North of the Court 
House. 

CHURCHES. 

St. James Cathedral (Episcopal), King, 
corner of Church. 

St. George s Church (Episcopal), John, 
north of Queen. 

Trinity Church (Episcopal), east end 
of King street. 

University Chapel (Episcopal). 

St. Paul s Church (Episcopal), Yonge 
street toll-gate. 

Roman Catholic Cathedral, Church 
street, corner of Shuter. 



LANDMARKS OF TORONTO. 



205 



St. Paul s Church (Roman Catholic), 
Power street. 

St. Andrew s Church (Church of Scot 
land), Church street, corner of Adelaide. 

Knox s Church (Presbj terian Church 
of Canada), Richmond street west, near 
Yonge. 

United Secession Presbyterian Church, 
Richmond street west, near Yonge. 

The Brick Church (Canadian Wesleyan 
Methodist), Adelaide, corner of Toronto. 

British Methodist Church, Richmond 
street west, near Yonge. 

Primitive Methodist Church, Bay, 
south of King. 

Congregational Church, Adelaide, cor 
ner of Bay. 

George Street Chapel (Unitarian), 
George, near Duchess. 

African Baptist Church, Queen, corner 
of Victoria. 

African Methodist Church, Richmond 
street west, east of York. 

Baptist Church, March, east of Church. 

Christian Meeting House, Richmond, 
west of Yonge. 

Disciples Meeting House, Richmond 
street west, near Yonge. 

British Methodist Chapel, Queen, west 
of Peter. 

Methodist Chapel, "XorkviJle. 

COMMON COUNCIL OF THE CITY. 

William Henry Boulton, Esq., M.P.P., 
Mayor. 

St. David s Ward *Angus Bethune, 
Esq., Hon. Henry Sherwood, M. P. P., 
Aldermen ; *Mr. Samuel P. Mitchell, 
Mr. George Platt, Common Councilmen. 

St. Patrick s Ward *George T. Deni- 
son, jr., Esq., W. H. Boulton, Esq., M. 
P.P., Aldermen ; *Mr. Jonathan Dunn, 
Mr. James Trotter, Common Council- 
men. 

St. Andrew s Ward George Duggan, 
Esq., M.P.P., John H. Cameron, Esq., j 
Aldermen ; *Mr. Alexander Macdonald, 
Mr. John Ritchey, Common Councilmen. 

St. Lawrence Ward *Robert Beard, 
Esq., James Beaty, Esq., Aldermen ; 
*Mr. Samuel Platt, Mr. Joshua G. Beard, 
Common Councilmen. 

St. George s Ward *George Gurnett, 
Esq., Wm. Wakefield, Esq., Aldermen ; 
*Mr. John Craig, Mr. Thomas J. Pres 
ton, Common Councilmen. 

The gentlemen marked thus * retire 
from the Council on the first Monday 
in February, 1847, but may be elected 
to serve again at the Municipal Elec 
tion on the second Tuesday in January. 

The day of meeting of the Council is 
usually Monday, in the evening. 

The members of the Common Council 
are elected by a majority of the regis 
tered voters of the city of Toronto. The 



lists of persons entitled to vote for each 
ward are exhibited in the City Hall, 
from the first Monday in December 
until the day of the election (the second 
Tuesday in January). Persons interest 
ed should make a point of seeing that 
their names ane not omitted or mis 
spelt, as no alterations in such lists can 
be made unless four days notice is given 
in writing to the Clerk of the Common 
Council of the desire to have any nani" 
altered, inserted, or erased, and no one 
is allowed, to vote whose name does not 
appear on the said lists. 

Officers of the Corporation John 
King, M.D., G. Duggan, Esq., Coroners ; 
Charles Daly, Clerk of the Common 
Council ; Andrew Taylor McCord, Cham 
berlain ; George Kingsmill, High Bailiff, 
residence Nelson street ; Thos. Garlick, 
City Inspector, residence College street ; 
Richard Harrison, Clerk of the Market ; 
John Dempsey, Weigh Master and Clerk 
of the Fish Market. 

The Eastern Station House is under 
the City Hall, where two of the police 
men are always on duty, and can be 
obtained in case of necessity. 

Police Constables James Magarr, 
Duchess street ; Thomas Kenney, Su 
mach street ; Jonathan Townsend, Sher- 
bourne street ; Philip Steers, Church 
street. 

The Western Station House is at the 
corner of Queen and John streets, near 
ly opposite St. Patrick s Market, where 
constables are always on duty. 

Police Constables Francis Earls, 
Richmond street ; Robert Trotter, Sta 
tion House ; Robert Campbell, Queen 
street ; Andrew Fleming, Richmond 
street. 

Fire Inspector Robert Alexander, 
March street. 

Collectors St. Lawrence Ward, John 
R. Smith ; St. David s Ward John Wat- 
kins ; St. Andrew s Ward, Robert Brit- 
ton ; St. Patrick s Ward, John Ander 
son ; St. George s Ward, Wm. Nixon. 

Assessors Jas. Trotter, Joseph Dixon. 

FIRE DEPARTMENT OF THE CITY. 

Robert Beard, Chief Engineer ; Joseph 
Wilson and Thomas Mills, Assistant En 
gineers. 

Fire Engine Company No. 1, York 
Henry Welsh, Captain. Station Fire 
man s Hall, Church street. 

Fire Engine No. 2, Toronto Edwin 
Bell, Captain. Station Fireman s Hall. 
Church street. 

Fire Engine No. 3, British America 
David Paterson, Captain. Station Fire 
man s Hall, Bay street. 

Fire Engine No. 4, Victoria A. Da 



206 



LANDMARKS OF TORONTO. 



Grassi, Captain. Station St. Patrick s 
Market. 

Hook and Ladder Company, No 1 
Toronto H. Piper, Captain. Station- 
Fireman s Hall, Church street. 

Hook and Ladder Company No. 2 
Hercules J. Armstrong, Captain. Sta 
tionFireman s Hall, T5ay street. 

In case of fire, both bells of St. James 
Cathedral to be rung. Key of the 
church at W. Atkinson, Esq s., City 
Buildings, and at the Police Station 
West Market Place. 



FINANCES OF THE CITY. 
City Debt- 
Debentures 59,600 

City Notes 10,000 

Total 69,600 

Annual Revenue 

Assessments 5,450 

Rental 3459 

Market and Weigh-house Fees 1,175 

Licenses 350 

Fines at the Police Court 125 

Drainage into Sewers 225 

Total 10,475 

CENSUS RETURN TO SEPT. 15, 1845. 



CITY OF TORONTO GAS LIGHT AND 
WATER COMPANY. 

, Proprietors, Albert Furniss, Esq., and 
:Ion. J Masson ; Agent, Charles Stotes- 
r U F ; ,9 1 ? rk) Thoma s Brown ; Gas-fitter. 

j John Malcomb; Engineer, Daniel Alder- 

1 dice. 

CITY OF TORONTO CUSTOM HOUSE. 
Collector Robert Stanton, Esq Sur 
veyors, Messrs. G. A. Meilleue and John 
Roy ; Clerk, Mr. George Graham ; Land 
ing Waiter, Mr. H. Lennon. 

BOARD OF TRADE Incorporated 1845. 
Officers for 1846: President, G P 
Ridout, Esq.; Vice-President, Joseph 
Workman, Esq., M.D.; Secretary and 
Treasurer, Henry Rowsell, Esq. Coun- 
, cil Messrs. J. Mulholland, D. McDon- 
! ell, W. L. Perrin, P. Paterson, E. F. 
! Whittemore, P. Freeland, James Beaty 
T. D. Harris, Wm. McMaster, J. Mc- 
Murrich, H. Metcalfe and R. H. Brett. 
Board of Arbitration Messrs. James 
Lesslie, J. Shaw, S. Workman, W. D. 
Taylor, J. Mitchell, W. Henderson, Isaac 
Gilmor, W. C. .Ross, Andrew Hamilton, 
James Foster, D. Paterson and W. Row- 
sell. 



to 

i-l i?55O 



h 

- 



h 

o 



Ward. 







o 

CO 

S 

"3 


*1 
3 


CO 

3 


tc 

S 

i 

a 


fi C 
o 

O c8 


"3 


rocai 






" 


a 




fa 


fa 


fa 




St. 


David s . . . 


1972 


795 


595 


2115 


805 


649 


6931 


St. 


Patrick s.. 


1229 


609 


460 


1317 


555 


454 


4624 


St. 


Andrew s . 


1126 


500 


360 


1159 


479 


364 


4624 


St. 


Lawrence. 


901 


291 


214 


710 


266 


206 


2618 


St. 


George s . . 


450 


160 


123 


532 


166 


114 


1545 



5678 2355 1752 5763 2271 1787 19,706 

RELIGIOUS PERSUASIONS. 
Church of England, 8,367; Church of 
Scotland, 923; Presbyterian Church of 
Canada, 1,597 ; L T nited Secession, 355 ; 
Independent Presbyterians, 7 ; Church 
of Rome, 4,046 ; British Wesleyan Meth 
odists, 1,401 ; Canadian Wesleyan Meth 
odists, 924; Episcopal Methodists, 6; 
Primitive Methodists, 310 ; other Meth 
odists, 200; Congregatlonalists, 572; 
Lutherans, 2 ; Jews, 12 ; Disciples of 
Christ, 100 ; Uniyersalists, 12 ; Coven 
anters, 25; Baptists, 493; Quakers, 9; 
Unitarians, 20 ; Millerites, 42 ; Christian, ! 
1 ; Socialists, 2 ; Mormons, 2 ; No re- 
ligion, 274. 



1845 



Total population in 1814, 18,420; in 
45, 19,703; increase, 1,286. 



COMMON SCHOOLS. 

Superintendent of Education G. A. 
Barber, Esq. 

St. George s Ward No. 1 The bound 
aries of the Ward as at present exist 
ing. School House Corner of Front 

and Yonge streets. Teacher . 

Trustees Messrs. Rev. J. Barclay, John 
Cameron and W. A. Baldwin. 

St. Lawrence Ward No. 2 From 
Yonge street to Princess street, both 
sides, and from King street to the Bay. 

School House King street east. 
Teacher Mr. James Mair. Trustees- 
Messrs. W. Cawthra, W. Atkinson and 
D. deal. 

No. 3 From Princess street to the 
Eastern boundary of the City Liber 
ties, and from King street to the Bay. 
School House Kingston road. Teacher 
Mr. J. Dean. Trustees Messrs. Good- 
erham, Worts and S. Platt. 

St. Andrew s Ward No. 4 From 
Yonge street to Peter street, east side, 
and from King street to Adelaide street, 
both sides. School House Boulton 
street. Teacher Mr. C. Brooke. Trus 
tees Messrs. J. Doel, H. Parry and F. 
Thomas. 

No. 5 From Yonge street to York 
street, both sides, and from Queen 
street to Adelaide street. School House 
Richmond street west. Teacher Mr. 



LANDMARKS OF TORONTO. 



207 



Tucker. Trustees Messrs. S. Shaw, Tol- 
free and J. Wilcock. 

No. 6 So much of the Ward as ex 
tends westerly, from Peter street and 

York street, and from King street to | dina avenue to the western limits of 
Queen street. School House Queen the City Liberties, and from Queen 



Teacher Mr. Samuel Coyne. Trustees 
Messrs. Rev. J. Jennings, T. Mara and 
Edward Kennedy. 

No. 15 Including both sides of Spa- 



street west. Teacher Mr. James Darby. 
Trustees Messrs. John Henderson, Jos. 
Ellis and W. Hudson. 
St. David s Ward No. 7 From King 



street to Concession line north. School 
House Queen street west. Teacher 
Mr. H. Parsons. Trustees Messrs. John 
Murchison, R. L. Denison and H. Noble. 



UPPER CANADA COLLEGE. 



street to Queen street, south side, and 

from Yonge street to Church street, j 

west side. School House Richmond i (incorporated with the University of 

street east. Teacher Mr. James Bell. I jjing s College ) 

Burgess, , Principal F! W. Earron, Esq., M.A. 



Trustees Messrs. Thomas 

Thomas Lawson and James Lesslie. 

No. 8-From Church street to Nelson j A-> lst classical Master ; Rev. G. May- 
street, both sides, and from King street nard) MA Mathematical Master; Rev. 



Masters The Rev. Henry Scadding, M. 



to Queen street, south side. School 
House Central school, Adelaide street 
east. Teacher Mr. John Dodd. Trus 
tees Messrs. Rev. H. J. Grasett, W. 
C. Ross and R. Beekman. 

Roman Catholic (Separate school), 
Richmond street east. Teacher Mr. T. 



W. H. Ripley, B.A., 2nd Classical Mas 
ter ; Mr. De la Ha ye, French Master ; 
Mr. Duffy, 1st English Master ; Mr. . 
Cosens, Master of Preparatory School ; 
Mr. Barrett, 2nd English Master ; Mr. 
Howard, Geometrical Drawing Master. 



Macarthy. I UNIVERSITY OF KING S COLLEGE. 

No. 9 From Nelson street to Ontario \ Chancellor The Governor-General for 
street, west side, and from King street i 4 he time ^^g visitors The Hon. the 
to Queen street, south side. School | j nAses o f the Queen s Bench. Presi- 
House-Corner of Caroline and Duchess j dcn t_The Hon. and Right Rev. John 
streets. Teacher-Mr. Boyle Trustees st rachan, D.D., Lord Bishop of Toronto. 
Messrs. W. Steward, Joseph Bates and Council The Hon. the Speaker of the 

G \T CoU !^ er ^ Legislative Council, the Hon. the 

No. 10-From Ontario street to the j Sp f aker of the House of Assembly, the 
eastern limits of the City Liberties, and i Attorney-General Canada West, the 
from King street to the Concession line J Solicitor-General Canada West, Rev. 
north. School House-Corner of Duke i John McCa ul, LL.D., Vice-President, 
and Berkeley streets. Teacher-Mr. P. and Pro f essor o f Classical Literature, 
McLaughlan. Trustees-Messrs. J. E. ^ Rev James Beaven> D.D., Profes- 
Sinall, J. G. Beard, D. McLean. j gor of Divhuty, etc.; Henry Holmes 

No. 11 From Yonge street to Ontario Croft, Esq., Professor of Chemistry, etc.; 
street, and from Queen street to the \ \Vm. C. Gwynne, B.M., Professor of An- 
Concession line north. School House Of f j atomy, etc.; John King, M.D., Professor 
Yongc street, east of Mr. Scott Shields . I o f Medicine; the Principal of Upper 
Teacher Mr. Cuthbertson. Trustees j Canada College. Henry Boys, M.D., 
Messrs. J. Elliott, W. Sharpe and W. ! Registrar and Bursar. 



L. Perrin. 

St. Patrick s Ward Xo. 12 From 
Yonge street to College street, and 
from Louisa street to Queen street. 
School House Corner of Teraulay and 
Albert streets. Teacher Mr. R. Carter. 
Trustees Messrs. Rev. J. Roaf, Gibson 
and G. Ewing. 

No. 13 From Yonge street to College 
street, and from Louisa street, both 
sides, to the Concession line north. 
School House Corner of Elizabeth and 
Pine streets. Teacher-^Mr. A. Hunter. 
Trustees Messrs. Rev. W. Fife, G. 
Simpson and James Fleming. 

. Id From College street, both 



Professors 1843 Rev. John McCaul, 
LL.D., Vice-President, and Professor of 
Classical Literature, Belles Lettres, 
Rhetoric and Logic. 1843 Rev. James 
Beaven, D.D., Dean, Professor of Di 
vinity, Metaphysics and Moral Philos 
ophy. 1843 Henry Holmes Croft, Esq., 
Proctor, Professor of Chemistry and 
Experimental Philosophy. 1813 W. C. 
Gwynne, M.B., Professor of Anatomy 
and Physiology. 1843 John King, M. 
D., Professor of the Theory and Prac 
tice of Medicine. 1843 Wm. Hn 
Blake, B.A., Professor of Law and Juris 
prudence. 1843 Wm. Beaumont. F. R. 
C. S. E., Professor of the Principles ant! 



sides to Spadina avenue, and from Practice of Surgery. 1843 George Her- 

Queen street to the Concession line rick, M.D., Professor of Midwifery : 

north. School House Queen street! m^ses of Women and Children 1843 

west? west of St. Patrick s Market. -W. B. Nicol, Esq., Professor of Ma- 



208 



LANDMARKS OF TORONTO. 



tei-ia Medica and Pharmacy. 1843 
Henry Sullivan, M.R.C.S.E., Professor 
of Practical Anatomy and Curator of 
Museum. 1841 Rev. Robert Murray, 
Professor of Mathematics and Natural 
Philosophy. 1845 Lucius O Brien, M.D.. 
Professor of Medical Jurisprudence. 

J. M. Hirsehfelder, Esq., Hebrew 
Tutor. 

The Academical terms are three 
Michaelmas, Hilary and Easter ; and the 
Terminal Dues payable by students in 
ths Faculty of Arts are 4 currency, 
including all charges for tuition. 

Those who are desirous of attending 
particular courses of lectures, although 
not membars of the University, may be 
admitted as occasional students, but 
such attendance will not be regarded 
as a qualification for a degree. 

CANADA COMPANY. 

Incorporated by Act of Parliament 
and Royal Charter, 1826. 

Capital 100,000 sterling, with power 
to increase it to 2,000,000 sterling. 

Office in London Canada House, St. 
Helen s place, Bishopsgate street. 

Office in Canada Toronto, Frederick 
street. 

Office in Canada Goderich, Huron 
District. 

Commissioners resident in Canada 
West Thomas Mercer Jones and Fred 
erick Widder. 

BANK OF UPPER CANADA. 

Capital 500,000. 

Board of Directors Wm. Proudfoot, 
President ; Hon. Christopher Widmer, 
Vice-President ; Angus Bethune, Wm. 
Cayley, T. C. Street, Francis M. Cayley, 
James G. Chewett, Wm. Gamble, Sam 
uel P. Jarvis, Thos. Helliwell, Francis 
Boyd, Joseph D. Ridout, R. R. Lor ing, 
Hon. Capt. Baldwin, R.N. 

Discount day Wednesday. 

Cashier*-Thomas G. Ridout, 

BANK OF MONTREAL. 

Capital, 750,000. 

Toronto Branch Office, King street, 
corner of Bay street, Toronto. Ben 
jamin Thorne, President ; W. Wilson. 
Cashier and Agent. Discount days, 
Tuesday and Friday. 

BANK OF BRITISH NORTH AM 
ERICA. 

Capital 1,000,000 sterling, paid up. 

Head Office, St. Helen s place, Lon 
don, England. 

Toronto Branch A. O. Medley, Man 
ager. Discount days, Tuesday and Fri 
day. 



COMMERCIAL BANK OF THE MID 
LAND DISTRICT, KINGSTON. 
Capital, 500,000. 

Board of Directors Hon. J. Macaulay, 
President; Wm. Logie, Vice-President; 
F. A. Harper, Cashier; A. Campbell, 
j Inspector. 

Toronto Office J. Cameron, Cashier. 

GORE BANK, HAMILTON. 
Capital, 100,000. 

Colin Ferrie, President; A. Steven, 
Cashier. 

CITY BANK, MONTREAL. 
Thomas D. Harris, Agent, 4 Sit. James 
j Buildings, King street, Toronto. 

HOME DISTRICT SAVINGS BANK. 
For the earnings of Journeymen, 
Tradesmen, Mechanics, Servants, La 
bourers, etc. Open every day (Sundays 
excepted) from 10 to 3 o clock, at the 
office of the British American Assur 
ance Company, George street, Toronto. 
Treasurer T. W. Birchall. 

BRITISH AMERICAN FIRE AND 
LIFE ASSURANCE COMPANY. 

Capital 100,000, in shares of Twelve 
Pounds Ten Shillings each. 

Board of Direction The Hon. Wm. 
Allen, Governor ; George P. Ridout, 
Deputy Governor. Managing Director, 
Thomas Wm. Birchall. Office George 
street (corner of Duke street), Toronto. 

HOME DISTRICT MUTUAL FIRE IN 
SURANCE COMPANY. 
J. H. Price, Esq., M.P.P., President; 
John Rains, Secretary and Treasurer. 
Office Nelson street. 

AETNA FIRE INSURANCE COM 
PANY, HARTFORD, CON., U.S. 

Agent E. G. O Brien, King street, To 
ronto. 

PHOENIX FIRE INSURANCE COM 
PANY, LONDON, ENG. 

Agents Moffatts, Murray & Co., 
Yonge street, Toronto. 

ALLIANCE FIRE INSURANCE COM 
PANY, LONDON, ENG. 
Agent John Ridout, Adelaide street. 

MONTREAL FIRE AND MARINE IN 
SURANCE COMPANY. 

Agent Robert Beekman, Nelson st. 

HARTFORD FIRE INSURANCE CO. 
Agents T. Rigney & Co., King street. 



LANDMARKS OF TORONTO. 



209 



NEW YORK CONTRIBUTIONSHIP 

FIRE INSURANCE CO. 
Agents T. Rigney & Co., King street. 

BRITANNIA FIRE INSURANCE COM 
PANY, LONDON ENG. 

Agent Francis Lewis, King street. 

EAGLE LIFE INSURANCE COMPANY, 
LONDON, ENG. 

Agent John Cameron, Office Com 
mercial Bank, Toronto. 

MARINE INSURANCE COMPANY. 
Agent Jarnes Browne, Wharf, To 
ronto. 

THE INCORPORATED CHURCH SO 
CIETY OF THE DIOCESE OF TO 
RONTO. 

Patrons His Excellency the Gover 
nor-General, the Venerable Society for 
Promoting Christian Knowledge, the 
Venerable Society for the Propagation 
of the Gospel in Foreign Parts. 

President The Hon. and Right Rev. 
the Lord Bishop of the Diocese. 

Land Committee John H. Cameron, 
Esq., James G. Chewett, Esq., Ogden , 
Creighton, Esq. 

Auditors William Proudfoot, Esq., } 
Lewis Moffatt, Esq. 

Treasurer T. W. Birchall, Esq. 

Secretary Rev. W. H. Ripley, B.A. 

Assistant Secretary Thomas Cham 
pion, Esq. 

Collector Mr. Thomas Ryall. 

A General Meeting is held at the So 
ciety s House, on the first Wednesday 
in every month, at three o clock p.m. 

Society s House and Depository, 144 
King street, Toronto. 

COMMERCIAL NEWS ROOM. 

Room East wing Market Buildings, 
up stairs. 

Committee D. Paterson, A. T. Mc- 
Cord, T. D. Harris (Treasurer), Joseph 
D. Ridout (Secretary). Open from 9a.m. 
to 9 p.m. Yearly subscription, 1 5s. 
Free to strangers for one week, on in 
troduction by subscribers. 



TORONTO MECHANICS INSTITUTE. 

Established, 1830. Hall in the centre 
of the Court House Block. 

President, T. G. Ridout; Vice-Presi- 
dent, Hon. Robert Baldwin ; 2nd Vice- 
President, W. B. Jarvis, Esq.; Treas 
urer, W. Atkinson ; Corresponding Sec 
retary, C. Sewell ; Recording Secretary, 
Win. Edwards ; Librarian, E. B. Palmer. 

The Library contains 800 volumes of 
books, and is open for distribution and 



reference every Monday and Thursday 
evenings. Public Lectures on Wednes 
day evenings, during the winter season. 

TORONTO ATHENAEUM. 

President, Rev. H. Scadding, M.A.; 
Treasurer, Thomas D. Harris, Esq.; 
Secretary, S. Thompson, Esq.; Commit 
tee, Messrs. Thomas Champion, _C. H. 
Sabine, A. J. Macdoneil, R. Cooper and 
D. B. Read. 

Meeting for Literary and Historical 
Discussion every Thursday evening dur 
ing the winter season, at 7 o clock ; 
Library open every Tuesday evening at 8. 

TORONTO GENERAL HOSPITAL. 

Trustees Hon. C. Widmer, President: 
Rev. H. J. Grasett, Jono Ewart, James 
F. Smith, J. A. Armstrong, Wm. Ross, 
George P. Ricjout, Clarke Gamble, Thos. 
D. Harris and Alex. Dixon, Esquires. 
Secretary James Nation, Esq. Resi 
dent Apothecary Mr. Edwin Kenwood. 
Steward Mr. George Sinclair. Head 
Nurse or Matron Mrs. E. Cooper. 

Physicians and Surgeons attending 
the Toronto General Hospital Hon. C. 
Widmer, John King. M.D., Robert 
Hornby, M.D., W. C. Gwynne, M.B., 
Walter Telfer, Lucius O Brien, M.D., 
George Herrick, M.D. 

N.B. The upper flat of the Hospital 
is occupied by the University, for the 
use of the Medical Professors, wherein 
thirty-six patients are admitted, and 
paid for by the University. 

Physicians and Surgeons attending 
this department Professors John King, 
M.D., Medical Patients; W. R. Beau 
mont, Surgical Patients; George Her 
rick, M.D., Obstetric Patients. 

Assistant Resident Apothecary Mr. 
Reginald Henwood. 

TORONTO GENERAL DISPENSARY. 

No. 75 Adelaide street east. Estab 
lished January 1st, 1846, for the pur 
pose of affording Medical and Surgical 
j Advice and Medicines to the Indigent 
sick. The Dispensary will be open daily 
for the admission of Patients, from 11 
o clock ajm.; till 1 o clock p.m., Sundays 
excepteoL 

Medical Officers Dr. Hamilton, No. 

30 Adelaide street west, near Bay street; 

Dr. Hodder, No. 116 Queen street west, 

j opposite College avenue gate; Dr. J. E. 

I Rankin, corner of York and Richmond 

I streets ; Dr. G. R. Grasett, corner of 

! Adelaide and Francis streets. 

LUNATIC ASYLUM. 
Medical Superintendent Dr. Walter 
Telfer. Warden and Steward R. 



210 



LANDMARKS OF TORONTO. 



Cronyn. Matron Mrs. Cronyn. Assist 
ant in Surgery-John Cronyn. Three 
nurses, five keepers, one yard man. 

Commissioners for erecting the Pro 
vincial Lunatic Asylum- Win. H. Boul- 
ton, Esq., M.P.P., Mayor of Toronto, 
Chairman; The Hon. the Vice-Chan- 
cellor, Hon. H. H. Killaly, Hon. Chris 
topher Widmer, Hon. Henry Sherwood, 
John King, M.D., John Ewart Esq., 
James Grant Chewett, Esq., William 
P Jarvis, Esq., Wm. B. Beaumont, .hsq. 
J. G. Howard, Architect. Charles Daly, 
Secretary. 

POTTERSFIELD BURYING GROUND. 

Trustees John Ewart and Thomas 
Helliwell, Esquires. Secretary- 
Paterson. Sexton Joseph Lusty. 

Application for opening graves must 
be made to the Sexton. 



TORONTO HORTICULTURAL SO 
CIETY. 

President, His Worship the Mayor of 
; Toronto; Vice-Presidents, W. B. Jar- 
i vis, Esq., Professor Croft, George Allan, 
< Esq.; Treasurer, Wm. Atkinson, Esq.; 
Committee, Messrs. Williamson, Mir- 
field, Shuttleworth, Turner, Greg, Less- 
lie Fleming, Webster, Dempsey, Logan, 
Samilent, Burns, Gordon, Yorks ; Secre 
tary, Charles Daly. 

TORONTO CITY MISSION. 
Committee John McMurrich, John 
Tyner, David Maitland, Peter Freeland, 
R H. Brett, Thomas Paterson, Samuel 
Shaw Wm. McMaster, John Doel, Joseph 
Wilson, A. T. McCord, Capt. C. Stuart. 
! Secretaries Peter Brown and Andrew 
: Hamilton. Treasurer W. D. Taylor. 
Missionary Paul Stewart. 



ST. JAMES CEMETERY. 
Churchwardens St. James C. Gam 
ble and T. D. Harris, Esquires. Supe 
intendent and Sexton-Mr. John Kear 
ney. 

OFFICERS OF THE MEDICO CHIRUR- 

GICAL SOCIETY. 

President, Dr. King; Vice-President, 
Dr O Brien; Secretary ard Librarian, 
Dr G. R. Grasett ; Treasurer, Dr. Ham 
ilton ; Committee of Management, Dr. 
AM- Hodder, Dr. W. Teller, Dr. A. | 
Burnside. 



HOME DISTRICT AGRICULTURAL 
SOCIETY. 

Under the patronage of his Excellency 
the Governor-General. 

Officers for the year 1846 : President, 
Edw W. Thomson, the Warden of 
Home District; Vice-Presidents Wm. , 
B Jarvis and John W. Gamble; Secre 
tary and Vice-President, George 1 
pant Wells; Treasurer and Vice-Presi- 
dent, Franklin Jacques ; Assistant Sec- , 
rVtarv Wm. B. Crewe. Directors, W. 
H. Slton M.P-P, J- H. Price, MJP.R, 
J. P. De la Haye, G. D. Wells, W. A. 
Baldwin, Robert Cooper, Dr. Hamilton, 
Dr Connor, Alex. Shaw, Richard L. 
Denis L John Scarlett, Wm. Atkinson, 
JoJSn Scott, Jonathan Dunn, Peter 
Lawrence, J.P., George Miller. 

The Secretary and Treasurer are > es 
officio Vice-Presidents of the Home 
trict Agricultural Society. 

The President and Treasurer o 
Township Agricultural Societies are ex 
officio Directors of the Home District 
Agricultural Society; as also such ] 
trict Councillors as are or may be mem 
bers of the Home District Society. 



THE UPPER CANADA BIBLE SO 
CIETY. 

Depository Yonge street, Toronto. 

President, The Hon. Robert Baldwin, 
MPP.; Treasurer, Peter Freeland, Esq.; 
Corresponding Secretaries, J. S. How 
ard and Wm. A. Baldwin, Esquires; 
Minute Secretary, Wm. McMaster, I 
Depositary, Mr. James Carless. Com 
mittee-All Ministers of the Gospel who 
are members of the Society ; . Messrs. 
Peter McArthur, John Christie, John 
Tyner, Andrew Hamilton, James Hod g- 
Jn, Samuel Shaw, Andrew T. McCord, 
Dr G R. Grasett, R. H. Brett, Alex. 
McGlashan, Peter Brown, F. Thomas 
W. D. Taylor, Thomas Burgess, David 
Maitland. 



Depository-23 Yonge street, Toronto. 

President, Rev. Wm. Rintoul, A.M., 
Treasurer, James S. Howard, Esq.; S< 
retaries, A. T. McCord, Esq and Rev. 
R A Fyfe ; Depositary, Mr. James Car 
tes Committee-All Ministers of the 
Gospel who are members of the Be 
cietv Messrs. John Christie. Wm. Me 
Master W. D. Taylor, John Ross, John 
Tvne? James Wickson, James Foster, 
Robert Walker, Alex. McGlashan, John 
Doel ,sr., Malcolm Gillespie, Joseph 
Wilson. 

TORONTO TEMPERANCE REFOR 
MATION SOCIETY. 
Office Bearers -President, The Hon. 
R. B. Sullivan ; Vice-Presidents, Rev. J. 
F?oaf Rev. J. Richardson, R* v - J T Mrt 
ST Rev H. Wilkinson, Rev. A. Lillie. 
jSse Ketchum, Esq.; .Treasurer, AT. 
McCord, Esq.; Secretaries, Mr. A. L 



LANDMARKS OF TORONTO. 



211 



tie, Mr. .1. Boyd. Conveners Mr. Henry j 
Leadley, St. Andrew s Ward ; Mr. Jos- j 
Rowell, St. Patrick s Ward ; Mr. T. Bur- j 
gess, St. George s Ward ; Mr. J. Stev 
enson, St. Lawrence Ward ; Rev. W. 
Tatham, St. David s Ward. 

The roll-book of the Society is kept at 
112 King street. 

ST. GEORGE S SOCIETY. 
Officers for 1840 President, G. P. 
Ridout, Esq.; V ice-Presidents, W. B. 
Jarvis, Esq., G. D. Wells, Esq., W. 
Wakefield, Esq.; Chaplains, Rev. H. 
Scadding, M.A., Rev. C. Winstanley, M. 
A.; Physician, Edward Hodder, Esq., 
M.D.; Managing Committee, Messrs. G. 
Bilton, J. D. Ridout, J. Moore, F. Lewis, 
S. Thompson, T. Brunskill, J. G. Beard ; 
Treasurer, H. Rowsell, Esq.; Secretary, 
W. Rowsell, Esq.; Standard Bearers, 
Messrs. F. W. Coate, T. Armstrong, A. 
Wasnidge, A. Laing. 

ST. PATRICK S SOCIETY. 
Office Bearers, 1846 President, J. H. | 
Hagarty, Esq.; 1st Vice-President, John i 
Duggan, Esq.; 2nd Vice^-President, John i 
King, Esq., M.D.; 3rd Vice-President, i 
Charles Stotesbury, Esq.; Treasurer, ! 
John Harrington, Esq.; Secretary, Kivas 
Tully, Esq.; Committee, Messrs. Joseph 
Bates, J. R. Mountjoy, . Ashfield, 
John Ritchey, G. L. Allen, T. McCon- 
key, James Watkins ; Chaplains, Rev. 
John McCaul, LL.D., H. J. Grasett ; j 
Physician, George Herrick, Esq., M.D.; ; 
Marshall, Mr. John Craig ; Standard j 
Bearers, Messrs. McClenaghan, Givan, j 
Cunenger and J. J. Evans. 

ST. PATRICK S BENEVOLENT SO 
CIETY. 

President, The Hon. R. Baldwin ; 1st 
Vice-President, Col. C. J. Baldwin; 2nd 
Vice-President, Skeffington Connor, 
Esq., LL.D.; Chaplain, Rev. Eugene 
O Reilly ; Treasurer, James Shannon, 
Esq.; Secretary and Physician, Dr. D. 
R. Bradley : Assistant Secretary, John 
O Donohoe ; Committee of Management, 
Messrs. Malachi O Donohoe, Francis 
Sullivan, Wm. Murphy, Charles Don- 
levy, D. Heffernan, Edward Croker, 
Patrick Mullany; Standard Bearers, 
Messrs. Michael Hayes and Edward 
Croker. 



HOME DISTRICT ST. ANDREW S SO 
CIETY. 

Officers for 184G President, The Hon. 
Justice McLean ; Vice-Presidents, John 
Cameron and Thomas G. Ridout, Esq s.; 
Managers, Messrs. Wm. Wilson, John { 
Robertson and James Shaw ; Chaplains, I 



Rev. John Barclay and Rev. John Jenn 
ings ; Physicians, Doctors Telfer and 
Primrose ; Standing Committee, Messrs. 
Wm. M. Gorrie, Win. Colcleugh, John 
Watson and Duncan McDonell ; Com 
mittee of Accounts, Messrs. George Den- 
holm, John Shaw and Thomas Paterson; 
Treasurer, Mr. Alex. Badenach ; Secre 
tary, Mr. Angus Morrison ; Standard 
Bearers, Messrs. Robert Maitland, Hugh 
Miller, James Leask and John Riddell ; 
Marshal, Mr. Stedman B. Campbell. 

NEWSPAPERS IN TORONTO. 
Banner, George Brown, publisher ; 
every Friday. British Canadian, R. Wat 
son & Co., publishers ; every Saturday. 
British Colonist, Hugh Scobie, pub 
lisher ; every Tuesday and Friday. 
Christian Guardian, Methodist Commit 
tee publishers, every Wednesday. Ex 
aminer, James Lesslie, publisher ; every 
"Wednesday. Globe, George Brown, pub 
lisher ; every Tuesday. Herald, George 
A- Barber, publisher ; every Monday 
and Thursday. Mirror, Charles Donlevy, 
publisher ; every Friday. Patriot, Mrs. 
Dalton, publisher; every Tuesday and 
Friday. Star, Wm. J. Coates, publisher; 
every Wednesday and Saturday. 

TORONTO TURF CLUB. 
President, The Mayor of the City, W. 
H. Boulton, Esq., M.P.P.; Vice-Presi 
dent, The Sheriff of the Home District, 
W. B. Jarvis, Esq.; Stewards, Hon. 
Henry Sherwood, M.P.P., R. P. Crooks, 
Esq., Dr. T D. Hume, 82nd Regiment, 
0. F. Tiniins, Esq., S2nd Regiment ; 
Treasurer, C. Thompson, Esq.; Secre 
tary, G. D. Wells, Esq.; Proprietor, R. 
Tinning. 

TORONTO CURLING CLUB. 
President, Dr. F S. Primrose ; 1st 
Vice-President, Angus Morrison, Esq.; 
2nd Vice-President, Alex. Badenach, 
Esq.; Managers, Messrs. Thos. Aitkin, 
John Ewart, sr., Robert Mitchell, 
George Denholm, Robert G. Anderson, 
John Helliweli ; Skips, Messrs. Francis 
S. Primrose, George Denholm, Angus 
Morrison, Thomas Aitkin, Robert G. 
Anderson, George II. Gillespie; Secre- _: 
tary and Treasurer, George H. Gilles- , 
pie. 

THE TORONTO CRICKET CLUB. 

President, W. H. Boulton, Esq., M.P. 
P.; Vice-President, J. M. Strachan, Esq.; 
Committee of Management, G. A. Bar 
ber, J. F. Maddock and G. A. Philpott, 
Esqs.; Secretary and Treasurer, James 
Muttlebury, Esq. The Club is composed 
of 30 or 40 members, and have a beau- 



212 



LANDMARKS OF TORONTO. 



tiful ground adjoining the Caer-Howel 
pleasure grounds. 

OFFICE-BEARERS OF THE TORONTO 

CHESS CLUB. 

President, Rev. John McCaul, D.D.; 
Vice-President, F. Primrose, Esq., M. 
p.; Secretary, Thomas Gait, Esq., bar 
rister. 

THE CITY OF TORONTO AND LAKE 
HURON RAILROAD CO. 

(Incorporated by Act of Parliament.) 
Capital, 500,000 in 100,000 shares of 
5 each. 

Board of Directors, elected July 14, 
1845: President, The Hon. Wm. Allan; 
Vice-President, George P. Ridout, Esq.; 
Clarke Gamble, Esq.; Wm. B. Jarvis, 
Esq, Sheriff of the Home District ; John 
Ewart, Esq.; the Hon. Henry Sherwood, 
Solicitor-General, member of the Pro 
vincial Parliament; Win. H. Boulton, 
Esq., Mayor of the City of Toronto, 
membsr of the Provincial Parliament ; 
Wm. Proudfoot, Esq., president of the 
Bank of Upper Canada : Frederick Wld- 
der Esq., Commissioner of the Canada 
Company; George Ridout, Esq.; Wm. 
Atkinson, Esq. Secretary, pro tern, Ed 
ward George O Brien, Esq. Bankers, 
the Bank of Upper Canada. 

FREE MASONS. 

Officers of the Provincial Grand 
Lodge, for Canada West Brothers Sir 
Allan Napier MacNab, Knight, R.W. 
PGM Thomas G. Ridout, R.W.D.P. 
G!M.; Francis Richardson, P.S G.W.; 
Sir Richard Bonnyca-stle, P.J.G.W.; to. 
C. Richardson, P.G. Treas.; R. G. Bease- 
ley P. G. Registrar ; Richard Bull, 
P G Secretary; Richard Watson, 
Assistant P.G. Secretary; Rt. McClure, 
PS.G.D.; C. H. Webster, P.J.G.D.; W. 
M Shaw, P. G. Supt. Works; J. G. 
Fitzgibbon, P. G. Director of Ceremon 
ies W. M. \\ilson, Assistant P.G.D.C.; 
The Hon. R. S. Jameson, Wm. A. 
Campbell, S. B. Campbell, A. Buck- 
well, D. Myers, R. D. Duggan, P. G. 
Stewards; John Morrison, P.G. Tyler. 
St John s Chapter No. 4 Companions 
Robert SIcClure, H.P.; William B. Jar- 
vis, K.; George C. Horwood, S.; Hiram 
Piper, C.1L; Stedman B. Campbell, P. 
S.; Charles March, R.A.C.; Edward M. 
Hodder, M. 3rd V.; Richard H. Oates, 
M. 2nd V.; Wm. Gooderham, M. 1st V.; 
Duncan Macdonell, Treas.; John McA. 

ameron, Sec.; Charles Daly, St d.; 

Jtorge Cant, J.J.; Donald McLean, O.J. 

Regular communications of the Chap- 

er, on the third Thursdays in January, 

April, July and October. The subordi 



nate lodges meet on the first Thursday 
in every month. 

St. Andrew s Lodge E. R. No. 487 ; 
P. R., No. 1 : Brothers Francis Richard 
son, W.M.; T G. Ridout, P.M.; Hon. R. 
S. Jameson, S.W ; W. A. Campbell, J. 
W.; D. Macdonell, Treas.; A. B. Sulli 
van, Sec.; E. M. Hodder, S.D.; Kivas 
Tully, J.D.; S. B. Campbell, M.C.; G. 
C. Horwood, J. T. Smith, Stewards ; 
Aemilius Irving, I.G.; Donald McLean, 

Tyler. 

LAW COURTS. 

Court of Appeal Governor, Lieuten- 
ant-Governor, or person administering 
the Government in that part of the 
Province of Canada, formerly Upper 
Canada; two or more Executive Coun 
cillors; Vice-Chancellor; Chief Justice, 
and Puisne Judges of the Court of 
Queen s Bench. Clerk, Jos. C. Morrison, 
Esq. Sitting Terms-lst, Third Mon 
day in February ; 2nd, Fourth Monday 
in Jijae; 3rd, Second Monday in Aug.; 
4th Third Monday in November. 

Court of Chancery Chancellor, His 
Excellency the Governor-General ; Vice- 
Chancellor, The Hon. Robert S. Jame 
son ; Master and Registrar, John G. 
Spragge. Sitting terms 1st, Begins 
first Monday in March, and ends on 
Saturday week following; 2nd, Begins 
fourth Monday in May, and ends on 
Saturday week following; 3rd, Begins 
third Monday in July, and ends on 
Saturday week following; 4th, Begins 
first Monday in December, and ends 
on Saturday week following. Sitting 
days Every Tuesday and Friday. Long 
vacation From first September to fif 
teenth October. 

The Court of Queens Bench Chief 
Justice, Hon. John Beverley Robinson; 
Puisne Judges, Hon. James Buchanan 
Macaulay, Hon. Archibald McLean, Hon. 
Jonas Jones, Hon. Christopher Alex. 
Hagerman. Term of sitting-Hilary 
Term Begins 011 the first Monday in 
February, and ends on the Saturday of 
the week following. Easter Term Be- 
eins on the second Monday in June, and 
ends on the Saturday of the week fol 
lowing. Trinity Term -Begins on the 
last Monday in July, and ends on the 
Saturday of the week following. 
Michaelmas Term Begins on the 
Monday in November, and ends on t 
Saturday of the week following.. 

Court of Probate-Official Principal, 
Robert E. Burns, Esq.; Registtar, Chas. 
FitzGibbon, Esq. 

CITY OF TORONTO POST-OFFICE. 
Charles Berczy, Postmaster. 
Office Hours During week dajs, f] 



LANDMARKS OF TORONTO. 



213 






8 a.m. to 7 p.m. (When steamers are 
due, the office is kept open until 8 
o clock p.m.) On Sundays, between the 
hours of 9 and 10 a.m., and 5 and 6 p.m. 

All letters to the United States must 
be post paid to the lines. 

General rule for rating letters : 

s. d. 

Distance 60 miles and under 4fc 

61 " to 10U inclusive.. 7 

101 " to 200 " ..09 

201 " to 300 " . . 11J 

301 " to 400 " ..1 0^ 

401 " to 500 " ..14 

501 " to 600 " ..1 6 

601 " to 700 " ..18 

701 " to 800 " ..1 10i 

801 " to 900 " .. 2 0^ 

901 " to 1000 " ..2 3 

1001 " to 1100 " ..2 5 

1101 " to 1200 " ..2 7i 

1201 " to 1300 " . . 2 9^ 

1301 " to 1400 " ..3 

1401 " to 1500 " ..3 2 

1501 " to 1600 " ..3 4 



STREETS. 

Adelaide street east First street 
north of King street, east, commences 
at Yonge street, and runs east to Nel 
son street. 

Adelaide street west Commences at 
Yonge street, and runs west. 

Agnes street Fourth street north of 
Queen street west, commences at Yonge 
street, and runs west. 

Albert street First street north of 
Queen street west, commences at Yonge 
street, and runs west to Sayer street. 

Alice street Third street north of 
Queen street west, commences at Yonge 
street, and. runs west. 

Ann street Fifth street north of 
Queen street east, commences at Yonge 
street, and runs east. 

Bathurst street Commences at the 
(Queen s Wharf, and runs north to 
Queen street. 

Bay street Second street west of 
Yonge street, on south side of King 
street, commences at the Bay shor**, and 
runs north to Queen street. 

Beach street East of Parliament 
street, third street north of King street 
east. 

Berkeley street Commences at the 
Bay, near the Jail, and runs north to 
Queen street. 

Beverley street First street west of 
John street, commences on Queen street, 
and runs north. 

Bond street Forms the west side of 
McGill square. 

Boulton street First street north of 



King street west, runs west from 
Racquet Court to Simcoe street. 

Brock street Commences at the Bay, 
and runs north to Queen street, and is 
thence continued as Spadina avenue. 

Carlton street Commences at Yonge 
street, near the College avenue, and 
runs east. 

Caroline street Third street east of 
Market square, on King street, com 
mences at the Bay, and runs north to 
Queen street. 

Centre street Commences at Osgoode 
street, in rear of Osgoode Hall, and 
runs north. 

Charles street Commences at Yonge 
street, near the Toll-gate, and runs east. 

Church street First street west of 
the Market, commences at the Bay, and 
runs north to Carlton street. 

Colborne street First street south of 
King street east, commences at the Mar 
ket square and runs west. 

College avenue Commences at Queen 
etreet, west of Osgoode Hall, and runs 
north to the University, and thence 
runs east to Yonge street. 

Crookshank street Second street 
north of Queen street east, commences 
at Yonge street and runs east. 

Crookshank s lane Commences at 
Queen street, near Bathurst street, and 
runs north. 

Don street First street west of Don 
bridge, commences at King street, and 
runs south. 

Douro street Commences on Bath 
urst street, north of the Garrison, and 
runs west. 

Duchess street Second street north 
of King street, on the east side of Nel 
son street, runs east to Parliament 
street. 

Duke street First street north of 
King street, on the east side of Nelson 
street, runs east to Parliament street. 

Dummer street Second street west of 
College avenue, north side of Queen 
street. 

Dun das road Runs north from the 
Toll-gate on Queen street for about a 
quarter of a mile, and then runs west. 

Edward street Fifth street north of 
Queen street west, commences at Yonge 
street, and runs west. 

Eliza street Runs west out of Spa 
dina avenue. 

Elizabeth street Third street west of 
Yonge street, runs north from yueen 
street. 

Francis street Commences at King 
street, opposite the Market, and runs 
north. 

Frederick street Second street east 
of the Market square, commences at. 
the Bay, and runs north to Duke street. 



2U 



LANDMARKS OF TORONTO. 



Front street Runs in front of the 
Bay from the soi th-west corner of the 
Ma rket square, west of the Garrison. 

George street First street east of the 
Market square, commences at the Bay, 
and runs north to Queen street. 

Gerrard street Third street north of 
Queen street east, commences at Yonge 
street and runs east. 

James street First street west of 
Yonge street, commences at Queen 
street and runs north. 

Jarvis street Continuation of Nelson 
street, north from Queen street. 

John street Fifth street west of 
Yonge street, on King street, commen 
ces at the Bay and runs north. 

Jordan street First street west of 
Yonge street, commences at King street 
and runs south to Wellington street. 

King street east The main street of 
the city, commences at Yonge street 
and runs east to the Don bridge. 

King street west Commences at 
Yonge street and runs west to the 
Garrison Common. 

Louisa street Second street north of 
Queen street west, commences at Yonge 
street and runs west. 

McGill street Fourth street north of 
Queen street east, commences at longe 
street and runs east. 

Maple lane Commences at Maria 

etreet and runs west to Spadina avenue. 

March street First street north of 

Adelaide street, commences in Victoria 

street and runs east to Nelson street. 

Maria street Commences at Queen 

street, near Peter street, and runs 

north. 

Melinda street First street south of 
King street west, commences at Yonge 
street and runs west to Bay street. 
Nelson street Commences on King 
street, opposite Market square, and 
runs north. 

Oak street Fourth street north of 
King street, east side of Parliament 
street. 

Ontario street Fourth street east of 
George street, commences at King 
street, and runs north to Queen street. 
Osgoode street Back of Osgoode Hall, 
and returning west from Sayer street 
to Park lane. 

Palace street Opposite the Bay ; con 
tinuation of Front street ; commences 
at the south-east corner of the Market 
square, and runs east. 

Park lane First street west of Os 
goode Hall ; running north out of Queen 
street. 

Park street south In the Park south 
of King street. 

Park street north In the Park, north 
of King street. 



Parliament street Commences at the 
Bay, near the jail, and runs north to 
St. James cemetery. 

Peter street Fifth street west of 
Yonge street, on Front street, com 
mences at the Bay, and runs north to 
Queen street. 

Pine street In the Park. 
Portland street First street east of 
Queen s Wharf, commences at the Bay 
and runs north. 

Power street Commences at King 
street, opposite Trinity church, and 
runs north. 

Princess street Fourth street east of 
the Market, commences at the Bay and 
runs north to .Duke street. 

Queen street east Third street north 
of King street east, commences at 
Yonge street and runs east to the Don. 
Queen street west Fourth street 
north of King street west, commences 
at Yonge street and runs west to the 
Toll-gate. 

Regent street In the Park, north of 
King street. 

Richmond street east Second street 
north of King street east, commences 
at Yonge street and runs east to Nel 
son street. 

Richmond street west Commences at 
Yonge street and runs west to Peter 
street. 

River street First street west of Don 
bridge, running north from King street. 
Robert street Near north end of Spa 
dina avenue. 

St. James street In the Park; north 
of Queen street. 

Sayer street First street east of Os 
goode Hall, commences at Queen street 
and runs north. 

Scott street First street east of 
Yonge street, on Front street, com 
mencing at the Bay and running north. 
Shepard street Between Bay street 
! and York street, commences at Ade- 
| laide street and runs north to Rich- 
] mond street. 

| Shuter street First street north of 
Queen street east, commencing at Yonge 
i street and running east. 
i Simcoe street Fourth street west of 
I Yonge street, on King street, commen 
ces at the Bay and runs north to Queen 
street 

Spadina avenue Continuation of 
Brock street ; runs north from Queen 
street west. 

Sumach street Second street west 
i from Don bridge, running north from 
King street, and south to South Park 
street. 

Tecumseth street West of Bathurst 
street, near the Garrison. 

Temperance street Second street 



LAXMDARKS OF TORONTO. 



north of King street west, commences 
at Yonge street and runs west. 

Teraulay street Second street west 
of Yonge street, commences at Queen 
street and runs north. 

Toronto street Runs north from 
King street to Adelaide street, be 
tween Yonge and Charch streets. 

Trinity street Commences at King 
street east, near Trinity church, and 
runs south to the Vv indrnill. 

Victoria street First street east of 
Yonge street, commences at Adelaide 
street and. runs north to Gerrard. 

Walnut place Runs south from No. 
90 King street west. 

Wellington street east First street j 
north of Front street, commences at i 
Yonge street and runs east to Church 
street. 

Wellington street west Commences 
at Yonge street and runs west to Peter 
street. 

Wellington place First street north 
of Front, commencing at Brock street 
and running west to Portland street. 

William street First street west of 
College avenue, commencing at Queen 
street and running north. 

Yonge street The main northern 
road of the city, commencing at the 
custom house wharf and running north. 

York street Second street west of 
Yonge street, on Front street, com 
mencing at the Bay and running north. 

Yorkville The Village at the Yonge 
street Toll-gate. 

GUIDE TO THE NUMBRES OF THE 
HOUSES. 

The numbers are those put upon the 
houses in chalk, by Mr. George Walton, 
in conformity with a plan adopted by 
the Corporation, as follows : 

All those streets which run the full 
length of the City, and cross Yongo 
street, are divided into two, east and 
west ; the numbers of both divisions 
begin at Yonge street, and strike off 
east and west ; thus the store of Messrs. 
Ridout Bros., Is No. 1 King street east ; 
and that of Messrs. Sutherland, the op 
posite corner, is No. 1 King Street west; 
the next houses each way, are Nos. 3 
east and west, respectively the odd 
numbers being on that side, and the 
even ones on the opposite ; thus Betley 
& Brown s establishment is No. 2 King 
street east ; and that of Messrs. Lyns.s 
& Brown, No. 2 King street west, and 
so on. 

. In all the streets running in the 
same direction as King, although not 
crossing Yonge street, the numbers 
begin at the end nearest Yonge street, 
and rise as they advance east or west. 



In all ins streets running east and 
west, parallel with the Bay, the odd 
numbers are on the north side, and the 
even ones on the south ; and in all those 
running north and south, at right 
angles with the former, the odd num 
bers (beginning at the end at or nearest 
the Bay) are on the west side, and the 
even ones on the east. 

By a plan of the Corporation, where 
vacant lots occur, a given space is al 
lowed for a number, to prevent any 
disturbance of the order arising from 
the erection of new houses upon such 
lots. In some instances, this plan has 
not been strictly adhered to ; indeed it 
was almost impossible for a person, 
without accurately measuring the 
ground, to place the numl>ers properly ; 
but they are sufficiently correct for all 
the purposes of this work. 



TORONTO CITY DIRECTORY, 1846-7. 

Alphabetically Arranged. 
Abbott Peter Charles, cabman, 83 Queen 

street west. 
Abbott, Wm., labourer, King street 

east, near Sumach. 
Abbott, W. R., 23 Teraulay, corner of 

Albert. 
Abraham, Joseph, Green Bush Inn, 152 

Yonge, near Shuter. 
Abrams, Joseph (coloured), carpenter, 

Sayer street. 
Acheson & Watson, leather dealers, 115 

Yonge, north of Richmond. 
Acton, Wm., shoemaker, Scott street. 
Adam, Rev. Wm. (Unitarian), at Mrs. 

Reford s, 36 Duke street. 
Adams, John, carpenter, Agnes, near 

Teraulay. 
Adams, Samuel, labourer, 38 Richmond 

street west. 

Adams, Wm., baker, 45 March street. 
Adams, Wm., baker, Dummer street. 
Adams, Mrs., widow, Eliza street, near 

Spadina avenue. 
Addy, James, carter, Ontario, corner of 

Duke. 
Ades, Edward, cigar manufacturer, 

Yonge, north of Edward. 
Aiken, Alex., shoemaker, 6 Elizabeth st. 
Aitken, Robert, carpenter, 182 Queen 

street west. 
Aitken, Thomas, Tarn O Shanter Inn, 

Colborne street. 
Alderdice,, Robert, carpenter, Shepard 

street. 

Alderdice, Samuel, porter U. C. Col 
lege, U. C. C. buildings. 
Alexander, Robert, fire inspector, office 

28 Church street. 
Alexander, Robert, carpenter, Shepard 

street. 
! Alexander, Wm., cabinet maker, Sayer. 

near Agnes. 



216 



LANDMARKS OF TORONTO. 



Alexander, Wm., carpenter, Teraulay st. 

Allan, Samuel, carpenter, Teraulay st., 
in rear. 

Allan, Hon. Win., Queen, head of Caro 
line. 

Allcock, John, clerk, with Ridout Bro. s, 
24 Richmond street east. 

Allen, Alex., mate steamboat, 7 James 
street, in rear. 

Allen, G. L., Bond Head Inn, 13 Church 
street. 

Allen, John, market man, 44 Duchess st. 

Allen, Jude, cabinet maker, 45 Ade 
laide street west, in rear. 

Allison, Adam, stonecutter, Louisa st. 

Allison, Andrew, labourer, 21 Teraulay 
street, in rear. 

Allison, James, labourer, River street. 

Alton, Matthew, shoemaker, Alice st. 

Anderson, Charles P. (coloured), la 
bourer, Spadina avenue. 

Anderson, Daniel, tailor, Ontario street. 

Anderson, George, stonemason, Ade 
laide street, north of John. 

Anderson, George, labourer, King, near 
Sumach street. 

Anderson, James, shoemaker, 117 and 
119 Queen street west. 

Anderson, John, labourer, 79 Elizabeth 
street. 

Anderson, John, tax collector, 103 Queen 
street west. 

Anderson, R. G., teller, B. U. C., On 
tario, corner of Duke street. 

Anderson, T. G., superintendent Indian 
Affairs, 58 Church street, office old 
Government office. King, corner of 
Simcoe street. 

Anderson, Thos. W., watchmaker, 114 
Yonge, residence 9 Richmond street. 

Anderson, Thomas, blacking maker, 
Yonge, near Wellington street. 

Anderson, Mrs., widow. Queen, east of 
George street. 

Andrews, George, shoemaker, 117 Yonge 
street. 

Andrews, Wm., parish clerk St. James 
Cathedral, 16 Richmond street east. 

Angus, James, carpenter, Teraulay st., 
corner of Alice street. 

Anscombe, James, harness maker, 22 
Richmond street east. 

Archer, Wm., bricklayer, Sayer street. 

Ardagh, Wm., labourer, near Queen 
street east (Park). 

Armitage, John, labourer, Ordnance de 
partment, Douro street. 

Armitage, John, baker, 147 Yonge st., 
north of Queen. 

Armstrong, Alex., labourer, Sayer st. 

Armstrong, Alex., builder, 42 Richmond 
street east. 

Armstrong, James, cloth manufacturer, 
Agnes street. 

Armstrong, James, innkeeper, 1 Ade 
laide street east. 



Armstrong, James, carter, Berkeley st. 
Armstrong, James, saddler, 55 Yonge 

street. 
Armstrong, John ,storekeeper, 57 Yonge 

street. 
Armstrong, J. R., City Foundry, 116 

Yonge, residence 36 Queen street east. 
Armstrong, Thos., shoemaker, 140 King 

street east. 
Armstrong, Wm., wharf-keeper (Tin- 

ning s), 57 Bay street. 
Armstrong, Wm., labourer, Queen, near 

Bathurst. 
Armstrong, Mrs. C. M., dressmaker, 55 

Yonge street. 

Arthurs, William, 21 Front street. 
Ashfield, James, gun maker, Yonge, 

near Wellington. 
Ashfield, Wm., gun maker, Melinda, 

near Bay street. 
Ashton, John, paint shop, 49 Queen st. 

west. 

Atkinson, Wm., labourer, Trinity st. 
Atkinson, Wm., saddler, 82 King street 

east, 12 City buildings. 
Austin, James, grocer, 67 Richmond 

street east. 

Austin, John, blacksmith, 22 George st. 
Avary, George, carpenter, 70 Queen st. 

west. 
Aveson, Wm., carpenter, Ann street, 

east of Yonge. 
Axford, Wm., wheelwright, 96 Queen 

street. 

Baby, James, attorney, 42 Duke street. 
Backes, Wm., shoemaker, 57 York st. 
Bacon, Wm. Wynne, solicitor in (. Ivn- 

ce ry, Barnstable, Yonge street, office 

Temple Chambers. 
Badenach, Alexander, grocer, 66 King 

street east, 6 Victoria row. 
Bailey, Edward, tailor, Edward street. 
Bailey, James, teamster, King street 

east, near the Don. 

Bailey, James, labourer, Spadina ave. 
Bailey, Joseph, shoemaker, King street 

east, near the Don. 

Bailey Wm., axe-maker, 87 Elizabeth st. 
Baillie, Alex., carpenter, Osgoode street, 

corner of Sayer street. 
Bain, John, bookbinder, 43 Richmond 

street west. 

Bain, Samuel, tailor, Jarvis street. 
Bain, Wm., cabinet maker, 83 King st. 

west. 
Bain, Mrs., French stay-maker, 83 King 

street west. 
Baines, Michael, labourer, Park, near 

the Marsh. 
Baines, Thomas, Government land 

agent, 21 William st., office old Gov 
ernment office, King street west. 
Baird, Alex., Blue Bonnet Inn, 235 

Queen street west. 
Baker, Charles, bricklayer, Agnes, near 

Teraulay. 



LANDMARKS OF TORONTO. 



217 



Baker, Charles, tailor, 34 King st. w. 

Baker, Job, King Alfred Inn, 81 King 
street west. 

Baker, John, Black Swan Inn, 26 King 
street west. 

Baker, John, butcher, Spadina avenue. 

Baker, Win., livery stable, Toronto st. 

Baldwin, Hon. Robert, Front, cor. of Bay. 

Baldwin, W. A., Front, corner of Bayst. 

Baldwin, Mrs. (widow of J. S. B.), King, 
corner of Frederick. 

Baldwin & Son, barristers, 4 King st. w. 

Balfour, John, bookkeeper, 70 Church st. 

Ballantyne, Robert, carpenter, Yonge, 
near 1st Toll-gate. 

Ballard, John, Commissariat clerk, Rich 
mond street, west of John street. 

Banker, Abraham, carpenter, Agnes st., 
near Teraulay 

Banks, Jarad (coloured), hatter, 84 
York street. 

Banks, Robert, labourer, King street, 
corner of River 

Bannerman, John, Scottish Arms Inn, 
1 Francis street. 

Barber, G. A., editor of the Herald, and 
city superintendent of education, John 
st., north of Queen, office 61 Yonge. 

Barclay, Rev. J. (Church of Scotland 
in Canada), 33 Bay street. 

Barnes, James, carpenter, 59 Yonge st. 

Barnes, John, carpenter, Yonge street, 
north of Agnes. 

Barnes, J. D., agent McKay s ale, office 
18 Wellington street east. 

Barnes, Richard, carpenter, Edward st. 

Barfield, Samuel, labourer, Front st., 
near Bathurst. 

Barrett, Joseph, teamster, near Trinity. 

Barrett, Wm., labourer, 14 Duchess st. 

Barrett, M., master U. C. College, Ade 
laide street, west of York. 

Barron, F. W., principal U. C. C., King 
street, west of Simcoe. 

Barrow, George, Yonge, north of Carl- 
ton street. 

Bartlett, Richard, carpenter, Teraulay 
street, corner of Alice. 

Barton, R. H-, Rising Sun Inn, Yonge 
street, near 1st Toll-gate. 

Bates, David, 14 Princess street. 

Bates, Elisha, Palace street. 

Bates, Samuel, carter, 16 Victoria st. 

Bateson, Boswell, bath-keeper, 61 King 
street west. 

Bateson, Mathew, picture frame maker, 
Agnes street. 

Bateson, Mathew, carpenter, 17 Victoria. 

Batram, James, Royal Mortar Inn, 245 
Queen street west. 

Battin, John, carpenter, 25 Richmond 
street cast. 

Bauldry, John, green grocer, 38 King 
street west. 

Bayley, George, confectioner, 5 Welling 
ton street east. 



Baylis, James, labourer, Parliament st. 
Bayne, Thomas, theological student, 1& 

George street. 

Baxter, James, mason, Spadina ave. 
Beach, John, St. George and Dragon 

Inn, 63 York street. 
Beadle, D. W., law student, office King, 

corner of York. 
Beal, Wm., currier, King street east, 

near Don. 

Beamish, Francis, George and John, la 
bourers, Palace street. 
Beamish, Thomas, innkeeper, King st. 

east, near Sumach. 
Beard, J. G., sheriff s clerk, residence 

King street east, near Don. 
Beard, Robert, deputy sheriff, residence 

11 Nelson street. 
Beatty, Adam, innkeeper, 196 King st. 

east. 
Beatty, Adam, prov. s on store, 157 Qu en 

street west. 

Beatty, Alex., labourer, 17 Victoria st- 
Beatty, James, carter, Duinmer street. 

Beatty, John, labourer, 133 Queen st. 

west, in rear. 
Beatty, Luke, innkeeper, 83 Adelaide st. 

east. 
Beatty & MarsTi, wholesale and retail 

grocers, 120 King street east. 
Beatty, Mrs., dressmaker, 162 King st. 

east. 
Beaty, James, leather merchant, 142 

King street east. 
Beaty, John, labourer, Queen st., near 

Parliament. 
Beaumont, Wm. R., M.D., 11 Bay st. 

Beaven, Frederick, cooper, Ontario st. 

Beaven, Rev. James, professor of divin 
ity, King s College University, resi 
dence in the University buildings. 

Beaven, John W., cooper, 200 King st., 
corner of Princess. 

Beckett, Edward, moulder, 112 Queen 
street west . 

Beckett, Joseph & Co., chemists and 
druggists, 12 King street. 

Beddome, Foskett B., clerk, Peter st., 
south of Richmond. 

Beekman, Robert, agent and accountant, 
9 Nelson street. 

Begg, Ale.*:., carpenter, Church street,. 
north of Shuter. 

Bell, Edwin, soap and candle manufac 
turer, 100 Yoiige street. 

Bell, James, attorney, Queen, west of 
Bathurst street. 

Bell, James, deputy inspector of licen 
ces, Wellington Hotel. 

Bell, James, teacher, Alice street. 

Bell, James, carpenter, 77 York street. 
Bell, John, waggon maker, 7 Victoria. 
Bell, John, carter, Maple lane, near 

Maria, Queen street west. 
Bell. John, barrister. Church street. 



218 



LANDMARKS OF TORONTO. 



corner of King, residence Church, cor 
ner of Richmond. 

Bell, Richard, cabinet maker, 108 Yonge. 

Bell, Win., law student, Yonge street, 
near Gerrard. 

Bell, Wm., carpenter, Yonge street, 
near Gerrard. 

Bell, Wm., watch-maker, 16 Church st. 

Bell & Inglis, Wellington Hotel, Well 
ington street, corner of Church. 

Bellamore, Anthony, labourer, Queen 
street, near 1st Toll-gate. 

Bengough, John, carpenter, 26 Victoria. 

Benbow, Edward, ropemaker, Yonge st., 
near 1st Toll-bar. 

Benbow, John, labourer, Queen street, 
corner of Parliament. 

Bennett, Edward, carpenter, Shepardst. 

Bennett, Henry, shoemaker, 13 Princess 
street and 38 Nelson street. 

Bennett, John, sailmaker, 29 Queen st. 
west. 

Bennett, Mrs., midwife, 72 March st. 

Benns, Wm. blacksmith, 11 Elizabeth. 

Benson, Robert, carpenter, Teraulayst. 

Bentley, John, druggist, Church street, 
near Shuter. 

Beo, Thomas (coloured), labourer, Ed 
ward street. 

Berczy, Charles, postmaster, Welling 
ton street, west of Church. 

Bergin, Patrick, labourer, Bay street, 
near Richmond. 

Bermingham, Edward, carpenter, 83 
Victoria street. 

Berry, Francis, clerk in Good s foundry, 
49 York street. 

Berry, James, labourer, Albert st. 

Berry, Win., boarding-house, 27 Ade 
laide street east. 

Berryman, John, butcher, King street 
east, near Sumach. 

Berthon, G. S., portrait painter, 10 Wil 
liam street, office 61 Yonge. 

Besnard, Thomas Pope, 3 Bond street. 

Bethune, Angus, Palace street, near 
Princess. 

Bethune, Donald, steamboat proprietor, 
residence 6 Duke street. 

Bethune & Blackstone, barristers, office 
3 King street east. 

Betley, Matthew, merchant, residence 
44 Yonge street. 

Betley & Brown, dry goods, 2 King st. 
east, corner of Yonge. 

Bettridge, Charles, grocer, King street 
east, near Berkeley. 

Bettridge, John C., drugs and grocer 
ies, 110 Yonge street. 

Beven, George, timber dealer, William. 

Bharrell, Isaac, labourer, 243 Queen st. 
west. 

Billing, Samuel, assistant druggist, 112 
Victoria street. 

Billings, F. T. f toll-gate line, east of 
Yonge. 



Bickerstaff, Frederick, painter, 48 York. 
Bilton, George, merchant tailor, resi 
dence 56 Church street. 
Bilton, G. & T., merchant tailors, 43 
King street east, 2 Wellington build 
ings. 

Binney, David, baker, 21 Teraulay st., 
in rear. 

Birchall, Thomas W., managing direc 
tor B. A. F. & L. Assurance Company, 
George street, near Duke. 

Bird, Joseph, painter, 17 Teraulay st. 

Birse, Francis, carter, 90 Queen st. w. 
Bishop, Paul, blacksmith, 46 Duke st. 

Blachford, Anthony, salesman Ridout 
Bros., 8 James street. 

Black, George, carpenter, 139 Queen st. 

west. 
Black, Henry, waiter, Shepard street. 

Black, John, c<jfrpenter, Sayer street. 

Black, John, clerk, corner of King and 
York streets. 

Black, John, labourer, 15 Richmond st. 
east, in rear. 

Black, Joseph, labourer, 30 Nelson st., 
in rear. 

Black, Thomas, wheelwright, 22 Ade 
laide street west. 

Blackburn, Alfred (coloured), labourer, 
Palace street. 

Blackburn, Thornton, cabman. South 
Park street. 

Bladen, Aaron (coloured), dyer, 97 King. 

Blain, Isaac, lake captain, 39 Victoria. 

Blair, John, cabinet maker, 13 Richmond 
street west. 

Blair, Wm., carpenter, Dummer street.. 

Blake & Morrison, barristers, office 42 
Yonge street. 

Blake, Wm. Hume, professor of law 
King s College University, residence 
John street, south of Queen; office 
42 Yonge street. 

Blanden, Lucy, widow, dressmaker, 162 
King street east. 

Blaney, Robert, bookbinder, 19 Terau- 
ley street. 

Bleakley, James, shoemaker, Scott st. 

Blevins, Robert, 17 Queen street west, 
corner of James. 

Blong, Henry, King street east, 
near Don. " 

Bloor, Joseph, toll-gate line, east of 
Yonge. 

Bloxom, Daniel, Tontine Coffee House, 
150 King street east. 

Blue, Angus, Racquet Court-keeper, 61 
King street west. 

Blunt, Wm., gingerbeer maker, Ed 
ward street. 

Blydon, John, Labourer, 91 Bay street. 

Blyth, John, tailor, 144 King st. east, 

Boddy, James, carpenter, Queen street, 
near George. 

Boddy, Wm., bricklayer, Queen street, 
near George. 



LANDMARKS OF TORONTO. 



219 



Boice, Abraham, carpenter, 46 Queen 

street west. 

Boles, John, Richard and James, Su 
mach street, corner of Oak. 
Bolger, James, shoemaker, 20 Duchess. 
Bonar, Thomas, labourer, McGill st., 

near Church. 

Bond, John, carter, Shepard street. 
Bond, John, druggist s assistant, 58 Vic 
toria street. 
Bond, John, cabinet maker, 107 King 

street east. 
Band, Joseph, plasterer, 8 Wellington 

street west. 
Bone, Win., carpenter, .Boulton st., near 

Simcoe. 

Bone, Win., tailor, 45 Elizabeth street. 
Booth, Wm., labourer, Hunter s lane, 

foot of Tonge street. 
Bostwick, Mrs., widow, Yonge st., near 

1st toll-gate. 

Boulton, D Arcy, sr., head of John st. 
Boulton, Hon. Henry John, barrister, 
Holland House, Wellington, west of 
Bay. 

Boulton, Henry J , jr., barrister, office 
Temple Chambers, King st., west of 
York. 
Boulton, Wm., carpenter, 105 Richmond 

street west, in rear. 

Boulton, Wm. H., jNl.P.i 3 ., barrister (of 

Gamble & Boulton), office Church st., 

near King, residence head of John st. 

Boulton, Mrs. Wm., widow, John st., 

north of Queen. 
Bowes, Ewart it Hall, wholesale dry 

goods, 23 Front street. 
Bowes, John G., residence 22 Front st. 
Bowman, John, innkeeper, 9 Colbornest. 
Bowman, Samuel, carter, 69 Adelaide 

street west. 
Bown, John \., law student, office King 

street, corner of York. 
Boyce, George, carpenter, 49 Queen st. 

west. 

Boyd, Daniel, carpenter, 40 Yonge st. 
Boyer, Thomas, clerk, toll-gate line, east 

of Yonge street. 

Boyle, Charles, carter, Duchess st. east. 
Boyle, Patrick, labourer, Col borne st. 
Boys, Henry, M.D., bursar K. C. U., 

Front street, west of Simcoe. 
Bradburn, John, labourer, 12 Elizabeth. 
Bradburne, E., 28 Bay street. 
Bradley, Dr. D. E., Caroline street. 
Braham, Alfred, clothier, 70 King st. 

east, 8 Victoria Row. 
Brandon, Daniel, tailor, 40 March st. 
Brandon, Thos., blacksmith, 159 Queen 

street west. 

Brawley, Michael, labourer, 86 Rich 
mond street east. 
Brayley, John, carpenter, 212 Queen st. 

west. 

Brayley, Miss, dressmaker, 212 Queen 
street west. 



Brassington, Richard, 62 Duke street. 

Brayshaw, John, innkeeper, 20 March. 

Breakey, Andrew, general store, Queen, 
corner of Spadina avenue. 

Breen, Owen, labourer, Bay shore, op 
posite Market square. 

Brennan, ., messenger, Commissariat 
department, Spadina avenue. 

Brennan, Robert, Melinda st., west of 
Jordan. 

Brett, R. H., general wholesale mer 
chant, 34 King street east. 

Brewer, Richard, stationer and book 
seller, 48 King street east. 

Brewster, Richard, labourer, 90 King 
street weat, 6 Walnut place. 

Brice, John, stonecutter, Albert street. 

Bridgland, Samuel, shoemaker, Yonge 
street, north of Agnes. 

Briggs, Robert, labourer, 30 March st. 

Briggs, Wm. and Robert, carpenters, 
Yonge street, near Gerrard. 

Bright, John, labourer, 6 Ontario st. 

Bright, Wm., butcher, Queen st., west 
of Bathurst. 

Bright, Mrs., widow, King street east, 
near Don. 

Bright, Mrs. Lewis, widow, 15 Queen 
street west, corner of James. 

Brinnon, Hamilton, labourer, Lake 
shore, near Berkeley. 

Briscoe, A. D., shop, 15 Church street. 

Briscoe, Andrew, storekeeper, 40 Rich 
mond street east. 

Briscoe, Wm., blacksmith, 96 Queen st. 
west. 

Briscoe, Mrs., dressmaker, 40 Richmond 
street east. 

Britton, Robert, provision store, 104 
Queen street west. 

Brodie, John, carpenter, Louisa, near 
Elizabeth. 

Brooke, Daniel, 46 Richmond st. west. 

Brooke, George, barrister and attorney, 
office 99 King street east. 

Brookes, George, bricklayer, 93 Duke. 

Brookes, James, labourer, Teraulay st., 
corner of Alice. 

Brookes, Reuben and Noah (coloured), 
labourers, Sayer street. 

Brookes, Mrs., matron Theological Sem 
inary, 18 George street. 
Broomfield, James, carpenter, Spadina 

avenue. 

Brotherson, Wm., blacksmith, Scott st. 
Brough, Seeker, official principal Court 
of Probate, Simcoe st., corner of Ade 
laide; office King st., corner of York. 
Brower, Ezra, axe maker, Shepard st. 
Brown, Andrew, carter, 53 Adelaide st. 

west. 

Brown, A. V. (of Lynes & Brown), resi 
dence 91 Bay street. 
Brown, Archibald, sailor, Spadina ave. 
Brown, George, cabman, Boulton, west 
of York. 



220 



LANDMARKS OF TORONTO. 



Brown, George (editor of Globe), prin 
ter and publisher, 29 Yonge street; 
residence 38 Queen street east. 

Brown, George, Louisa street. 

Brown, George, shoemaker, Colborne st. 

Brown, James (coloured), Prince Albert 
Recess, 17 Church, street. 

Brown, James, cabman, 16 George st. 

Brown, John, milkman, Queen st., near 
Bathurst. 

Brown, John, verger, Queen st., cor 
ner of Brock. 

Brown, John, labourer, Sayer street. 

Brown, John, printer, Edward street. 

Brown, John, labourer, 14 Victoria st. 

Brown, John, builder, 41 Victoria st. 

Brown, John, labourer, Peter street, 
south of Richmond street. 

Brown, Joseph, mason, Church street, 
near Shuter. 

Brown, Malcolm, carpenter, 18 Eliza 
beth street, in rear. 

Brown, Peter, editor of Banner, 38 
Queen street east, office 29 Yonge. 

Brown, Peter, builder, 164 Yonge st., 
near Shuter. 

Brown, Stephen (coloured), labourer, 
Sayer street. 

Brown, Thomas, tailor, 46 Queen st.east. 

Brown, Thomas, labourer, toll-gate line, 
east of Yonge street. 

Brown, Wm., bricklayer, Park lane, 
near College avenue. 

Brown, Wm., labourer, Teraulay street, 
corner of Louisa. 

Brown, Wm., labourer, 29 Adelaide st. 
west. 

Brown, Wm. E., auctioneer, 101 Yonge. 

Browne, James, wharfinger, Front st., 
residence 15 Bay street. 

Browne, John, wharfkeeper, Church st., 
near Shuter. 

Browne, John, printer, 9 Teraulay st., 
in rear. 

Browning, Joseph, cabinet maker, 191 
Queen street west. 

Brownlove, Wm., labourer, Boulton st., 
east of York. 

Bruce, Wm., labourer, Sumach street. 

Brunskill, Thomas, auctioneer and com 
mission merchant, 130 King st. east, 
residence 187 King street east. 

Bryan, Patrick, labourer, Richmond st., 
west of John. 

Bryant, Daniel (coloured), waiter, Bev- 
erley street. 

Bryce, McMurrich & Co., dry goods 
merchants, 64 King street east, 3 vVic- 
toria row. 

Bryns, Wm., shoemaker, Queen street, 
near Bathurst. 

Bryson, Alex., pensioner, Albert street, 
near James. 

Buchan, John, carpenter, Queen street, 
east of Church. 

Buchanan, C. W., M.D., 40 Victoria st. 



Bugg, John, carpenter, Albert street, 

corner of Teraulay. 
Buie, John, sailor, Scott street. 
Buik, James, machinist, 84 Victoria st. 
Bullivar, Wm., bricklayer, 109 Rich 
mond street west. 

Bunbury, John, shoemaker, Colborne st. 
Bunker, Thomas, bricklayer, Spadinaav. 
Buntin, Conway, labourer, 216 Queen 

street west. 

Burgess, James, tailor, Teraulay st. 
Burgess, John, carter, 18 Princess st. 
Burgess, Mark, tailor, residence 43 Ade-< 

laide street west. 
Burgess, T. & M., merchant tailors, 9 

King street east. 
Burk, Edward, carpenter, Teraulay st., 

near Agnes. 
Burke, Jesse (coloured), barber, 188 

Queen street west. 

Burke, John, labourer, Sumach street. 
Burke, Mrs., dry goods, Queen st. west, 

near Yonge. 
Burn, Wm. S., accountant, Front st., 

near Brock, office 55 King street east. 
Burns, David, shoemaker, Richmond st., 

west of John. 
Burns, Robert, D.D. (Pres. Church of 

C.), Front street, near York. 
Burns, Robert E., judge District Court, 

Peter street, south of King. 
Burns, Wm., gardener, Toll-gate line, 

west of Yonge street. 
Burns, Mowatt & Vankoughnet, bar 
risters, 100 King street west. 
Burnside, Alex., M.D , King street east, 

near Caroline. 

Burrell, Michael, 85 Adelaide st. west. 
Burrow, G. R., carpenter, Agnes street, 

near centre. 

Burrows, Wm., painter, 48 Nelson st. 
Busby, Mrs., widow, Don. 
Butcher, Wm., plasterer, Albert street. 
Butt, Edwin, bricklayer, Pine st. (Park). 
Butt, Ephraim, wheelwright, 47 Queen 

street west. 
Buttery, Thos., veterinary surgeon, 166 

King street east. 

Butterry, Wm., tailor, Temperance st. 
Butters, Mrs., market woman, Rich 
mond street west. 
Eyewater, Mrs., widow, Teraulay, north 

of Louisa. 
Byfield, Edward, blacksmith, 145 King 

street, corner of Simcoe. 
Byrne, John, porter at Globe office, Me- 

linda street, near Jordan. 
Byrom, John, labourer, Park lane, near 

College avenue. 
Cady, George, with H. S. Scott & Co., 

41 King street east. 
Cairns, Wm., stonecutter, 49 March st. 
Caisse, Leon, Head Quarters Restaur 
ateur, 31 King street west. 
Calahan, Daniel, blacksmith, Bouiton 

street, east of York. 



LANDMARKS OF TORONTO 



221 



Caldwell, Henry, tailor, 23 King st.east. 
Caldwell, John, carter, 47 Church st., 

corner of March. 

Calenso, Win., builder, Dummer street. 
Callaghan, James, teamster, 52 Nelson. 
Callaway, David, shoemaker, Simcoe st., 

north of Adelaide. 
Cameron, Archibald, dairyman, near 

Trinity street. 
Cameron, James, clerk, Queen st., west 

of George. 
Cameron, John, cashier Com. Bank, 12 

Wellington street west. 
Cameron, John H., barrister, King st., 

corner of York; residence Queen st., 

west of Spadina avenue. 
Cameron, John, M.A., clerk of Canada 

Company, Berkeley street. 
Cameron, Mrs. Col., widow, John street. 
Cameron, Miss, Gore Vale, Queen st. w. 
Campbell, Alex., teacher, 45 Adelaide 

street west. 

Campbell, Burton, printer, 101 Rich 
mond, west of York. 
Campbell, D., of Campbell & Hunter, 

residence 45 Bay street. 
Campbell, John, cabinet maker, 31 

Queen street west. 
Campbell, John, shoemaker, 15 W.ell- 

ington street "sast. 
Campbell, Patrick, sailor, Scott st. 
Campbell, Robert, labourer, Queen st., 

near George. 
Campbell, Robert, policeman, Maria st., 

near Peter. 
Campbell, Samuel, Londonderry Inn, 6 

Colborne street. 
Campbell, Stedman B., barrister, 49 

King street east, residence Scott st. 
Campbell, Wm., upholsterer, Teraulay 

street, corner of Albert. 
Campbell, Wm. A., clerk of Assize, 26 

William street. 
Campbell & Hunter, saddlers, 76 King 

street east. 

Canham, Thomas, mason, Trinity st. 
Cannon, John, mason, Queen street, 

west of Brock. 

Cannon, Thos., labourer, 18 Nelson st. 
Cant, George, dry goods, 74 King street 

ea&t, corner of Church ; residence 43 

Richmond, street east. 
Cantwell, Jacob, labourer, Centre st. 
Capreol, F. C., auctioneer, 35 Yonge st., 

south of King. 

Captain, Wm., plasterer, Edward st. 
Carbert, Joseph, 102 Yonge street. 
Carbert, Mrs., dressmaker, 102 Yonge. 
Carey, Newton (coloured), barber, Ter- 

aalay street. 
Carfrae, Edward, labourer, Richmond 

street, west of York. 
Carfrae, Mrs. Hugh, widow, 51 Bay st. 
Carfrae, Mrs. Thomas, widow, Scott st., 

Bear Wellington. 
Carkeek, John, moulder, 94 Victoria. 



Carless, James, U. C. Bible and Tract 
Depository, 47 Yonge street. 

Carlile, David, bricklayer, 64 Duke st. 

Carlin, Daniel, carter, 5 Adelaide st. 
east. 

Carlow, Mrs., widow, Peter street, op 
posite Wellington. 

Carmichael, Daniel, grocer s clerk, 19 
Queen street east. 

Carmichael, Robert, cooper, 86 Yonge. 

Carnall, Charles, baker and confec 
tioner, 58 King street west. 

Carney, John, keeper St. James ceme 
tery, Parliament street. 

Carney, Partick, wheelwright, 34 Vic 
toria street. 

Carney, Wm., labourer, 6 Wellington 
street west. 

Carr, James, carpenter, 31 Adelaide st. 
west. 

Carr, John, painter, 48 Queen st. west. 

Carr, Samuel, hardware, 3 west wing 
new Market buildings, residence head 
of Church street. 

Carrigan, John, labourer, Sumach st. 

Carroll, George, carter, Queen st. east, 
near Power. 

Carroll, John, butcher, Maria street, 
Queen street west. 

Carroll, Patrick, tailor, 14 Caroline st. 

Carroll, Thomas, tailor, 8 Nelson street. 

Carruthers. John, cabman, 50 Duchess. 

Carruthers, F. F., barrister, residence 
18 William street. 

Carscaden, Wm., shoemaker, 56 Nel 
son street. 

Carson, Michael, Richmond st., west of 
John. 

Carter, George (coloured), tobacconist, 
30 Queen street east. 

Carter, Wm., carpenter, Elizabeth st. 

Carty, Jeremiah, soap and candlemaker, 
Queen street, east of Nelson. 

Gary & Brown, grocers, 99 King street 
east. 

Caspar, Samuel, general store, 19 King 
street east. 

Cassan, John, labourer, Queen street, 
east of George. 

Cassidy James, tailor, Bay street, north 
of Richmond. 

Cathcart, Robert, Bathurst street, cor 
ner of King. 

Catreal, J., blacksmith, Bay shore, near 
Market square. 

Cattley, G. W., engineer s assistant, 
Carlton street, near Yonge. 

Catton, George, carpenter, 62 York st. 

Caulay, James, labourer, Sumach st. 

Caulfield, Hugh, Hunter s lane, foot of 
Yonge street. 

Cavalry, John, shoemaker, 90 King st. 
west, 4 Walnut place. 

Cavell, Thos., bricklayer, 66 Duke st. 

Cawthra, Henry, Palace street, owner 
of Frederick. 



222 



LANDMARKS OF TORONTO. 



Oawthra, "Win., Palace street, corner of 

Frederick. 
Cawthra, Mrs., widow, Palace street, 

corner of Frederick. 
Cayley, Thos., miller, Palace street. 
Cayley, Hon. Wni., near John street, 

north of Queen. 

Chaml>ers, David, carpenter, Elizabeth. 
Chambers, James, labourer, Sumach st. 
Champion, James, butcher, 85 King w. 
Champion, Thos., assistant secretary 

Church Society, 5 King street west. 
Chapman, F., clerk B. A. F. &, L. Ins. 

Co., Church street, near Shuter. 
Chapman, James, 95 Adelaide st. west. 

Bishop s buildings. 
Charbott, Joseph, tailor, Melinda street, 

near Bay. 
Charles, James, Yonge st., north of 

Carl ton. 

Chariton, John, carter, Bay shore, op 
posite Market square. 
Chariton, .Robert, labourer, River st., 

north of King. 
Charters, John, Tinning s wharf, foot 

of York street. 
Chatfield, Joseph, carpenter, Edward 

street, corner of Sayer. 
Cheney, George, of Metcalf & Cheney, 

75 King street east. 
Cheney, George H. & Co., stove manu 
facturers, 75 King street east. 
Chettle, Thomas, of Hamilton, Hales & 

Chettle, residence 82 Church street. 
Chewett, James G., York street, south 

of King. 
Chewett, Wm., Wellington st., corner 

of York. 
Chilver, Joseph, general blacksmith, 95 

Queen street west. 
Chisholm, Alex., labourer, 177 King st 

east. 
Christian, Rev. Washington (African 

Baptist), 24 Victoria street. 
Christie, John & Son, hardware, 25 

King street east, residence Crook- 
shank, corner of Victoria. 
Christmas, James, gardener. North 

Park street. 

Christy, Wm., baker, Agnes street. 
Church, Wm., labourer, Agnes street. 
Chute, Thomas, cooper, 54 Nelson st. 
Clancy, Cornelius B., printer, 38 Rich 
mond street east. 
Clark, A. M., Queen street, west of Spa- 

dina avenue. 

Clark, H. H., innkeeper, 59 King st. w. 
Clark, Michael, labourer, 53 Duke st. 
Clark, Mary, widow, 13 Toronto street. 
Clarke, J. P., professor of music, 62 

Church st. 
Clarke, Mrs., widow, Yonge street, near 

Agnes. 

Clarkson, John, Ontario street. 
C .irkson, Thomas & Co., auctioneers 

95 King street east. 



Clarkson, Thomas, of Thomar* Clarkson 
& Co., residence Palace street. 

Clary, Hugh, stonecutter, Albert st. 

Clayson, Wm., blacksmith, Adelaide 
street, near Nelson. 

Clayton, John, bricklayer, Terai>riy st. 

Cleal, D., baker, 122 King street east. 

Cleal, Jacob, baker, 102 King st. east, 

Cleary, Walter, shoemaker, 93 Queen 
street west. 

Cleggett, David, shoemaker, 87 King 
street west. 

Cleland, James, printer, 48 King street 
east, residence 22 Queen west. 

Clements, Wm., labourer, 200 Queen 
street west. 

Clezie, James, cabinet maker, 18 Rich 
mond street west. 

Clindinning, R. W., printer, Parliament. 

Cline, George, shoemaker, Boulton st., 
east of York. 

Clifton, Alfred, William IV. Inn, Queen 
street west, near Beverley. 

Clinkunbroomer, Charles, watchmaker, 
75 Richmond street east. 

Clinkunbroomer, Joseph, tailor, Duchess 
street, near Ontario. 

Clock, David, carpenter, Ontario street. 

Coad, John, carpenter, Boulton street, 
east of York. 

Coates, John, 5G York street, corner 
of Adelaide. 

Coates, Wni., Queen street, west of Spa- 
dina avenue. 

Coates, Wm. J. (Editor of Star), prin 
ter, 50 King street west. 

Cobbe, Thomas, tailor, 57 March st. 

Cochlin, Patrick, labourer, 41 Church. 

Cochran, James, mason, 38 Duchess st. 

Cockburn, James, law student, King st., 
corner of York. 

Cockburn, Mrs., Young Ladles Semin 
ary, Duke street, corner of George. 

Cochrane, David, stonecutter, 39 Duch 
ess street. 

Cochrane, James, stonecutter, 39 Duch 
ess street. 

Cochrane, John, sculptor, 39 Duchess. 

Codd, M. E., exchange office, 12 Nelson. 

Cody, James, cooper, Front st., west 
of Simcoe. 

Colby, Thos., labourer, Jordan street. 

Colcleugh, Wm. (captain steamer Prin 
cess Royal), Front st., west of Yonge. 

Cole, James, shoemaker, Queen st., west 
of Brock. 

Coleman, Thomas, labourer, 9 Teraulay. 

Coleman, Wm., tailor, 31 Adelaide st. 
east. 

Collard, Joseph, engineer, 99 Richmond 
street west. 

Collier, Thomas, clerk Canada Co., Pal 
ace street, corner of Princess. 

Collins, John, waiter, 35 Church street. 

Collins, John, Nag s Head Inn, Yonge 
street, corner of Edward. 



LANDMARKS OF TORONTO. 



223 



Collins, Patrick, labourer, 27 Duohess. 
Colter, John, tailor, Elizabeth street. : 
Columbus, John, blacksmith, Queen st., . 

west ot Spadina avenue. 
Condry, John, labourer, 20 Caroline st. 
Congdon, Wm., bricklayer, Agnes st. 
Conlin, Henry, flour and grain dealer, 

184 King street east. 
Conlin, James, labourer, Queen st., east 

of Nelson. 
Conlin, Patrick, flour and grain dealer, 

Adelaide street west. 
Conlin, Thomas, flour and grain dealer, 

2 Adelaide street east. 
Connar, Charles, cabinet maker, 41 Ade- | 

laide street east. 
Connell, John, labourer, Duchess st., | 

corner of Parliament. 
Connell, Owen, tejunsier, Park. 
Connell, Philip, labourer, Parliament st. ; 
Connell, Richard, axe-maker, 70 York. 
Connell, Wm., tinsmith, 137 Yonge st. | 
Connelly, John, labourer, River street. | 
Connor, James, shoemaker, Queen st., ; 

near Ontario. 

Connor, James, labourer, Beverley st. 
Connor, John, labourer, 24 March st. ; 
Connor, Skeffington, LL.D., barrister, \ 
42 Yonge street, residence 9 Bay st. | 
Connor, Thomas, stone-boatman, Bath- ; 

urst street. 
Conolly, Bernard, sailor, 24 Queen st. ; 

east. 

Conway, James, axe-grinder, Shepardst. | 
Cook, Archibald, butcher, King st., east 

of Trinity. 

Cook, John, carpenter, Elizabeth st. 
Cook, Robert, confectioner, 64 Yonge. 
Cook, Robert, carpenter, Louisa st. 
Cook, Wm. C., innkeeper, King st., near 

Don. 
Coolaghan, Joseph, carpenter, Sumach 

st., south of King. 
Coolaghan, Patrick, labourer, North 

Park. 

Coolaghan, Wm., carter, North Park. 
Cooney. Rev. R. (British Methodist), 97 

York street. 
Coons, George, labourer, Teraulay st., 

corner of Albert. 

Coons, N. J., dry goods, 38 King st. east. 
Copp, Wm., carpenter, 97 Richmond st. 

west. 
Cooper, C. W., solicitor in Chancery, 55 

King street west. 
Cooper, Charles, teamster, 20 Richmond 

street east. 

Cooper, Edward, dry goods, 45 Yonge. 
Cooper, John, labourer, Elizabeth st. 
Cooper, Robert, law student, 55 King 

street west. 

Cooper, Mrs., widow, Palace street. 
Cope, Thomas, carpenter, 36 Adelaide 

street west. 

Cope, Thomas, carpenter, Edward st., 
corner of Elizabeth. 



Cope, Wm., painter, Centre street. 
Copland, Wm & Co., brewers, Queen st. 

west, near first toll-bar. 
Coppin, Mrs., widow, John street, north 

of Adelaide. 
Corbier, Joseph, butcher, Charles st., 

near Yonge. 
Corbritt, John, labourer, Queen street 

east, near River. 

Corken, John, labourer, River _ street. 
Cornell, Edward, brickmaker, River st. 
Cornish, John, shoemaker, 12 King st. 

east. 

Cormican, Patrick, labourer, 2 Rich 
mond street west. 

Cosens, C. N. B., master preparatory 
school, U. C. C., res. College buildings. 
Costello, John & Michael, bailors, Ade 
laide street, west of Portland. 
Cotton, James, bricklayer, Agnes st. 
Cotton, Wm., plasterer, Teraulay st. 
Couch, John, carpenter, 83 Adelaide st. 

west. 

Coulson, A. (of Gilmor & Coulson), resi 
dence 31 Wellington street. 
Coulson, Corry, King street, east of 

Berkeley. 
Coulson, Samuel, messenger Bank B.N. 

A., Centre street. 

Coulter, Philip, 14 Adelaide street west. 
Coulter, Wm., carter, 30 Duchess st. 
Coupland, Thos., shoemaker, Elizabeth. 
Courtney, Henry, nailmaker, 139 Yonge. 

street west. 
Courtney, Thos., labourer, 60 Richmond 

street west. 
Courtney, Thos., labourer, Front, near 

Bathurst. 
| Cousby, Henry (coloured), labourer, 

Centre street. 
Cowan, John, carpenter, 9 Queen st. 

east. 

Cowan, John, carter, 12 Duchess street. 
Cowan, Thos., labourer, Park. 
Cowen, Charlotte, widow, Spadina ave. 
Cowen, Francis, labourer, 53 Eliza; >eth. 
Cowley, Samuel, cooper, 84 Queen si. w. 
Coxwell, Thos., Crown office, residence 

Agnes street. 
Coxwell, W. H., Crown office, residence 

Queen, east of Parliament. 
Coyne, Samuel, teacher, 147 Queen st. w. 
Crafts, Benjamin, provision store, 243 

Queen street west. 
Craig, Andrew, carter, St. James st. 

(Park.) 

Craig, George, turner, Teraulay, cor 
ner of Alice. 
Craig, George, copper and tinsmith. ] 

King street west. 
1 Craig, John, painter and glass stainer, 

76 King street west. 
Craig, Mark, keeper of Lunatic Asylum, 

residence Teraulay street. 
Craig, Robert, shoemaker, King street 
east, near Don. 



224 



LANDMARKS OF TORONTO. 



Craig, Miss, milliner, 10 King st. w. 
Craig & Nisbet, carpenters, Front, near 

Bay. 
Crapper, James, overseer gas works. 

residence 201 King street east. 
Crawford, Hamilton, carpenter, 44 Eliz 
abeth street. 
Crawford, John, barrister, etc., 16 King 

street west, res. Yonge, near Ann. 
Crawford, John, carpenter, Spadina av. 
Crawford, Joshua, baker, 99 Yonge st. 
Crawley, Peter, bricklayer, 80 Queen 

street west. 
Creed, James, pork butcher, 71 King 

street west. 
Creighton, James, provision store, Queen 

street west, near Toll-bar. 
Creighton & Hall, dry goods, 24 King 

street east. 
Creighton, Wm. (of C. & Hall), res. 24 

King street east. 

Crew, W. B., auctioneer, 48 Victoria st. 
Crickmore, C. G., law student, 100 King 

street west. 
Crickmore, John, solicitor, Church st., 

north of King. 
Croft, Henry Holmes, professor of 

chemistry, King s College University, 

residence Queen, near Bathurst. 
Croker, Edward, shoemaker, 29 Duchess. 
Croll, James, cabinet maker, Melinda, 

near Jordan. 
Cromach, Joseph, butcher, Yonge st., 

near Toll-bar. 
Crombie, M. C., teacher, Duchess st., 

corner of Nelson. 

Cronyn, John, labourer, Elizabeth st. 
Crooks, Robert P., barrister, (of Smith, 

Crooks & Smith), residence 18 Bay, 

corner of Wellington. 
Crookshank, Hon. George, Front, cor 
ner of Peter. 
Cross, Samuel, labourer, 77 Adelaide st. 

east. 
Crossley, John & Co., wholesale dry 

goods, 46 Yonge, residence Jarvis. 
Crothers, James, South Park street. 
Crouch, Wm. (coloured), waiter, 63 

Elizabeth street. 
Crown, Edward, shoemaker, 51 King 

street east. 
Crowther, James, law student, res. 71 

Richmond street west. 
Cruickshank, John, carter, Queen, west 

of Ontario. 
Cruickshank, Wm., carter (Ogilvie & 

Co.), 6 King street west. 
CroBiley, Joseph, carpenter, near Trin 
ity street. 
Crumpton, Arthur, general store, Yonge 

street, near 1st Toll-bar. 
Cryan, Michael, labourer, Queen, corner 

of Power. 

Offoltt, Thos., baker, 21 Richmond W. 
Cubitt, Wm., baker, 202 King st .east, 

comer of Princess. 



Cull, Edward L., clerk Canada Com 
pany, Palace street, near Frederick.. 

Cull, John Angel, starch maker. Palace 
street, near Frederick. 

Cullen, Mrs., widow, boarding-house, 
46 King street east. 

Cullivan, Richard, innkeeper, 43 Nel 
son street, corner of Richmond. 

Cumberlidge, John, blacksmith, 11 Wil 
liam street. 

Cummings, James, boatman, Adelaide 

street, west of Peter. 
I Cummings, Margaret, widow, Spadina. 

Cunliffe, Henry, carpenter, 107 Rich 
mond street west. 

Cunningham, David, blacksmith, 133 
Yonge street. 

Cunningham, John, millwright, 55 Vic 
toria street. 

Cunningham, Michael, labourer, 15 
Francis street. 

Curl, Daniel, blacksmith, Elizabeth st. 

Curran, John, labourer, Richmond st., 
i west of John. 

Curran. Robert, tailor, 46 Victoria st. 

Custaloe, Wm. J., shoemaker, Albert st. 

Cuthbert. Thos... shoemaker, Yonge at., 
near Gerrard. 

Cuthbert. Richard, bookbinder, 65 Rich 
mond street east. 

j Cuthbertson, John, teacher, King street, 
near Don. 

Cuthbertson, John, broom-maker, 74 
Victoria street. 

Cuthbertson, Rev. Samuel (Presbyter 
ian Church of Canada), 72 Victoria. 

Cuttell, Thos., printer, Elizabeth st. 

Dabb, James, carpenter, Sayer street. 

Dack. Edward, shoemaker, 60 King st. 
west. 

Dafoe, Abraham, tailor, 133 Queen st. 
west. 

Dall, John, brewer, 33 Adelaide at. w. 

Dalton, Richard, carpenter, Teraulay, 
near Queen. 

Dalton, Robert G., barrister, 104 King 
street west. 

Dalton. Mrs., Patriot office, 104 King 
street west. 

Daly, Edward, labourer, Maria street. 

Daly, Patrick, Boulton, near Simcoe. 

Daly, Charles, Clerk of City Council, 
residence King street west, near Gar 
rison Common. 

Dandy, James, carpenter, Elizabeth st. 

Dandy, Thos., ST., carpenter, 77 Eliza 
beth street. 

Dandy, Thos., jr., carpenter, 75 Eliza 
beth street. 

Dandy, Wm., carpenter, 57 Elizabeth st. 

Daniels, Theophilus, shoemaker, Yonge, 
opposite Edward. 

Daniels, Wm., provision store, Yonge, 
opposite Edward. 

Darby, Jaaies, teacher, Peter st., near 
Queen. 



LANDMARKS OF TORONTO. 



225 



Dark, Robert, teamster, 1 Princess st. 
Davey, \Vm., shoemaker, King st., near 

River. 
Davidson, James, labourer, 64 Adelaide 

street west, in rear. 
Davidson, John, labourer, Spadina ave. 
Davidson, Joseph, labourer, 5 Teraulay. 
Davies, Thos., printer, Crookshank st., 

near Yonge. 
Davies, Mrs., dressmaker, Crookshank, 

near Yonge. 
Davis, Alex., labourer, Agnes st., near 

Centre. 

Davis, Archibald, printer, 28 Victoria. 
Davis, Calvin, bailiff, 1 Queen st. west. 
Davis, C. (coloured), cook, 81 York st. 
Davis, D. (coloured), tailor, 17 King st. 

west. 
Davis, Edward, miller^ 89 Adelaide st. 

east. 

Davis, Francis, labourer, 50 Nelson st. 
Davis, George, cabman, Front st., near 

Market square. 

Davis, John F., dealer in drugs, 58 Rich 
mond street east. 

Davis, John, teacher, 36 Duke street. 
Davis, Reece, bricklayer, Elizabeth st. 
Davis, Robert & Co., grocers, 44 King 

street west, corner of Bay. 
Davis, Terence, blacksmith, 20 Nelson 

street, in rear. 
Davis, Thos., labourer, 71 Richmond st. 

east. 

Davis, Wm., Duchess, cor. of Berkeley. 
Davy, Thos., carter, 28 Richmond st. E. 
Davy, Wm., carpenter, Sayer street. 
Dawson, Charles, bricklayer, Teraulay. 
Dawson, John, brickmaker, Yonge st., 

near 1st Toll-bar. 
Day, John, labourer, Bay shore, near 

Berkeley street. 
Dean, Thos., 23 Adelaide street east, in 

rear. 
Debus, George, shoemaker, 45 Adelaide 

street east. 

Deering, James, Spadina avenue. 
De Flour, Baron, professor of music, 

29 Bay street. 
De Grassi, Alfred, agent, 57 Church st., 

corner of Queen. 
De La Have, J. P., French master U. 

C. C., King street, west of Simcoe. 
Delaney, Thos., blacksmith, Queen st. 

west. 
Delaporte, Anthony V., grocer, 141 

Queen street west. 
Dempsey, John, city weigh-master, 

Queen street, corner of Parliament. 
Dempsey, Richard, attorney, 55 King 

street east, corner of Church. 
Dempster, John, carpenter, Richmond 

street, west of John. 
Deniord, Richard L., engineer, 13 Queen 

street east. 
Denison, George T., ar., Bellevue, Queen 

street west. 



Denison, G. T., jr., barrister, 138 King 

street west; res. Rusholm, Dundas st. 
Denison, Richard L., distiller, Dundas 

street, north of 1st Toll-gate. 
Denison, Robert, farmer, Robert st., 

Spadina avenue. 

Desmonde, Dennis, Boulton, near York. 
Deval, Wm., blacksmith, Elizabeth st., 
Dempsey, J. W., Crown Office. 

corner of Agnes. 
Devitt, John, labourer, St. James st. 

(Park). 

Devlin, Arthur, labourer, 24 Queen w. 
Devlin, Daniel, carter, 58 York street. 
Devlin, Henry, sailor, John st., near 

Adelaide. 

Devlin, Richard, carter, 14 Victoria st. 
Devlin, Wm., labourer, 24 Queen st. w. 
Dewdney, Daniel, Royal Oak Inn, King 

street, corner of Berkeley. 
Diamond, James, carter, 41 King st. w. 
Diamond, J. S., baker, 89 King st. w, 
Dick, Thomas (captain City of Toronto 

steamboat), res. Queen, west of Brock. 
Dill, Alex., Lord Nelson Inn, 27 Rich 
mond street west. 

Dill, John, shoemaker, 66 Queen st. w. 
Dillon, Arthur, National Hotel, 6 west 

side Market square. 
Dillon, John, labourer, Albert street. 
Dillon, John, bookkeeper, York street, 

corner of Boulton. 
Dillon & Adams, milliners, York street, 

corner of Boulton. 

Dinahan, Richard, huckster, 43 Ade 
laide street east. 

Dissett, George, sailor, Princess street. 
Dittey, Sanderson, carter, 19 Adelaide 

street east. 

Diver, James, labourer, South Park st. 
Dixon, Alex., saddler, 53 King st. east, 

7 Wellington Buildings. 
Dixon, John, carpenter, 66 Adelaide st. 

west. 
Dixon, Joseph, city assessor, Albert st., 

near Yonge. 

Dixon, Wm., painter, 30 Church St. 
Dixon, Wm., bricklayer, 47 George st., 

in rear. 

Dobson, James, carpenter, Yorkville. 
Dohson, John-, labourer, Queen st., east 

of Nelson. 

Dockstader, Frederick, labourer, 37 Ade 
laide street east. 

Dodd, James, shoemaker, Albert street. 
Dodds, George, axe-maker, Shepard st. 
Dodds, Robert, plasterer, Louisa st., 

near Elizabeth. 
Doherty, John, tinsmith, 117 King st. 

east, corner of George. 
Doherty, Thos., provision store, 74 Queen 

street west. 
Doland, John, labourer, Adelaide st., 

west of Portland. 

Dolmage, W. B., gilder, 49 King st. E. 
TV>na*rh. John, shoemaker, 40 Duchess. 



226 



LANDMARKS OF TORONTO. 



Donaldson, John, labourer, Palace st. 
Donaldson, John, carpenter, 42 Queen 

street west, in rear. 
Donelly, John, labourer, 50 Richmond 

street east. 

Donelly, John, market man, 19 Francis. 
Donelly, Patrick, bricklayer, 55 Rich 
mond, street west. 
Donelly, Wm., provision store, Queen 

street west, near Toll-gate. 
Donlevy, Charles, printer (Editor of 

Mirror), Nelson street; res. 60 Rich 
mond street east. 
Donohoe, Joseph, carpenter, St. James 

street (Park). 

Donohoe, Patrick, labourer, Centre st. 
Donohayse, Thos., teacher, Pine street 

(Park). 
Donovan, David, labourer, Queen st., 

near Don. * 
Donovan, Daniel, innkeeper, 35 Adelaide 

street east. 

Donovan, Robert, hatter, 43 Duchess st. 
Doody, John, labourer, 109 King st. w. 
Doody, Thos., labourer, Spadina ave. 
Dormer, George, maltster, Palace st. 
Dorsay, Mathew, labourer, Front street, 

near Market square. 
Doughty, James, labourer, Spadina ave. 
Douglas, Edward, labourer, 32 Church. 
Douglas, G., Sir Walter Scott Inn, 5 

Queen street west. 

Douglas, G. W., labourer, 12 Victoria. 
Douglas, James, painter, Centre street. 
Douglas. Wm. (coloured), labourer, 

Sayer street. 

Dow, Robert, plasterer, James street. 
Dowd, Dennis, labourer, 220 King st. 

east. 

Dowdle, Richard, sawyer, near St. Pat 
rick s market. 
Downey, Michael, labourer, Boulton st., 

east of York. 
Downey, Patrick, labourer, 30 Nelson 

street, in rear. 

Downey, Thos., carpenter, Teraulay st. 
Dowson, John, bricklayer, Elizabeth st. 
Doyle, Patrick, huckster, 33 Adelaide 

street east. 
Draper, Hon. W. II., Attorney-General, 

office York street ; residence York st., 

corner of Wellington. 
Draper, W. J., law student, 100 King 

street west. 
Draper & Brough, barristers, York st, 

corner of King. 

Drew, Christopher, labourer, Edward. 
Drew, Mathew, carpenter, Queen street, 

west of Brock. 
Drew, , ivory turner. Yonge street, 

near 10t Toll-gate 
Drinnan, John, labourer, 48 Richmond 

street east. 

Driecoll, Jeremiah, labourer, Spadina. 
Drummond, Mrs., widow, 9 Richmond 

txeet east. 



Dudley, Thos., carpenter, Parliament st. 

Duffin Henry, shoemaker, 83 King st. 
west. 

Duffus, Alex., carpenter, 79 Elizabeth. 

Duffy, James, shoemaker, 56 Nelson st. 

Duffy, Patrick, sailor, 57 Richmond st. 
west. 

Duggan, George, ST., coroner, George st., 
corner of King. 

Duggan, George, jr., barrister, 59 King 
street east, residence 51 Adelaide st. 
west, corner of Shepard. 

Duggan, George, tailor, 20 Carlton st. 

Duggan, John, barrister, 59 King st. 
east, residence 20 Bay. 

Duggan Bros., barristers, 59 King st. E. 

Duncan, Samuel, lather, Charles street, 
near Yonge. 

Duncan, Thos., shoemaker, Scott street. 

Duncan, Wm., blacksmith, Teraulay st. 

Dunlop, Eliz., confectioner, 60 King St. 
east, 3. Victoria Row. 

Dunlop, D. H., Wellington Saloon, 
Yonge street, corner Wellington. 

Dunlop, Thos., tailor, Park lane, near 
College avenue. 

Dunn, James, labourer, 43 Church st. 

Dunn, Hon. J. H., Bathurst, near Front. 

Dunn, John P., grocer, 45 Queen street, 
corner of Teraulay. 

Dunn, Jonathan, butcher, Queen street, 
west of Spadina avenue. 

Dunn, Patrick, 89 Duke street. 

Dunn, T. H., manufacturing chemist, 
Don bridge, res. Berkeley street. 

Dunn, Mrs., milkwoman, 139 Yonge st. 

Dunseeth, Robert, carpenter, Centre st. 

Durand, Charles, barrister, 31 King st. 
east, res. Charles, near Yonge. 

Durant, Edward, bricklayer, Dummer. 

Durham, Patrick, shoemaker, 26 Nelson. 

Durnford, John, clerk Ordnance Depart 
ment, Queen street west, near Spa 
dina avenue. 

Dwan, Michael (at Browne s wharf), 
Front street, near Church. 

Dwyer, David, labourer, River street. 

Dwyer, John, grocer, 218 King st. east. 

Dwyer, Robert, grocer, 56 Yonge st. 

Dye, Mrs., widow, 172 Queen st. west. 

Dyson, Joseph, labourer, Barrack De 
partment, Tecumeeth street. 

Eagleeum & Co., dry goods, 62 King st. 
east, 4 Victoria Row. 

Earl, Theophilus, baker, 200 Queen st. 
west. 

Earls, Francis, city constable, Rich 
mond street, near Peter. 

Earls, John, Queen street Hotel, Queen 
street west, near Toll-gate. 

Earnest, George, boatbuilder, Trinity st. 

Earnest, John, inn-keeper, Trinity st., 
corner of King. 

Earnest, Wm., labourer, South Park st. 

Eastwood, John, clothier, 33 and 69 
King street east. 



LANDMARKS OF TORONTO. 



227 



Eastwood, John, jr., (of E. & Co.), res. ; 

95 York street. 
Eastwood, John & Co., papermakers, 63 

Yoruge street. 
Eastwood, Mrs., widow, 204 Queen at. 

west. 
Eccles, H., barrister (of H. & W. E.), 

residence 80 Church street. 
Eccles, Hugh, Carlton, east of Church. 
Eccles, H. & W., barristers, Church st., 

corner of King. 
Edmonds, Elisha (coloured), barber, 4 

Church street. 
Edmunds, Thomas H., merchant tailor, 

16 Church street. 

Edwards, John, saddler, 196 Yonge st. 
Edwards, John, carpenter, John st., 

north of Queen. 
Edwards, Robert, innkeeper, Yonge st., 

near Wellington. 
Edwards, Wm., saddler, Church street, 

near Shuter. 
Edwards, Mrs., dressmaker, 30 Queen 

street east. 
Edwoods, Wm. H. (coloured), barber, 18 

Church street. 
Egan, Timothy, sexton, R. C. church, 

Power street. 

Elder, Thos., sailor, 69 Adelaide st. w. 
Elgie, Thos., Bay Horse Inn, 96 Yonge. 
Ellah, John, British Coffee House, York 

street, corner of King. 
Ellicott, Patrick, labourer, near St. 

James cemetery. 
EUiot, Chris, (of C. E. & Co.), residence 

83 Richmond street east. 
Elliot, Henry, labourer, Queen st. east, 

near George. 

Elliot, Christopher & Co., Phoenix 
Foundry, 58 Yonge street. 
in rear. 
Elliott, James, labourer, Queen st. w., 

near Toll-gate. 

Elliott, Andrew, labourer, 30 Nelson st., 
Elliott, John, clerk District Council, of 
fice Court House; residence Gerrard 
street, near Church. 
Elliott, Thos., carter, 7 Adelaide st. E. 
Elliott, Wm., tailor, 54 Victoria st. 
Elliott, Elizabeth, Cavan Arms Inn, 41 

March street. 
Ellis, Abraham, labourer, Queen st. w., 

Crookshank s lane. 
Ellis, Dennis, labourer, Queen st. west, 

Crookshank s lane. 
Ellis, Godfrey, mate steamboat, Queen 

street, east of Church. 
Ellis, Henry B., general store, Yonge 

street, near Toll-gate. 
Ellis, John, bricklayer, Edward street. 
Ellis, Joseph, civil engineer, Peter st., 

north of Richmond. 
Ellis, Thos., labourer, Crookshank st., 

near Yonge. 

Ellis, John & Co., engravers, 8 King 
street west. 



Ellis, Wm., labourer, Sayer street. 
Elmsley, Hon. J., Clover Hill, Yonge 

north of College buildings. 
Emmens, Thos., carpenter, Queen st., 

west of Spadina avenue. 
Endicot, Louis, lithographic printer, 

Louisa street. 
English, Samuel, labourer, Boulton st., 

east of York. 
Erskine, Jane, widow, Church street, 

near Carlton. 
Erwin, Archibald, labourer, 40 Queen 

street west. 
Esmonde, John, boarding-house, 102 

Queen street west. 

Esmonde, John, tinsmith 73 King st. w. 
Esson, Rev. Henry (Pres. Ch. of C.), 

79 Adelaide street west. 
Esten, J. C. P., solicitor in Chancery, 
111 King street west, Temple Cham 
bers; residence Adelaide, cor. of Peter. 
Evans, Edward, marble cutter, 108 

Yonge street. 

! Evans, James, carpenter, Centre st. 
j Evans, James, carpenter, 8 Elizabeth. 
| Evans, John J., merchant s clerk, 77 

Bay street. 

j Evans, Mary, Teraulay, cor. of Agnes. 
Evans, Mathew, blacksmith, Adelaide 

street, near Portland. 
Evans, Robert, carpenter, Centre st. 
| Evans, Samuel, tailor, 76 King st. east. 
> Evans, Wm., labourer, Centre street. 
j Evoy, Thos., labourer, Adelaide street, 

near Portland. 

Ewart, Andrew, 125 Queen st. west. 
j Ewart, John, builder, 148 Yonge st. 
j Ewart, John, jr. (of Bowes, Ewart & 

Hall), residence 148 Yonge street. 
Ewart, Thos., barrister (of Price & 

Ewart), 42 Yonge street. 
Eykelbosch, James, shoemaker, 7 east 

side of Market square. 
Fairbanks, Levi, gunsmith, Yorkville. 
Falkner, Thos., teamster, Spadian ave. 
1 Farley, George, labourer, Spadina ave. 
Farley, Thos., gardener, Duinmer st. 
Farmer, John, tailor, 35 March street. 
Farquhar, James, stonecutter, Bay 

shore, foot of Church street. 
Farr, Mrs. T. J., widow, 51 Church st. 
Farrell, James, General Brock Inn, 69 

Queen street, corner Elizabeth. 
Farrell, John, labourer, 54 Richmond r 
street west. JC 

Farrell, John, labourer, 2 Duchess st. f. 
Farrell, Joseph, labourer, 6 March st. 
Farrell, Michael, labourer, Don street. 
Farrell, Patrick, carpenter, Spadina. 
Farrow, Wm., carpenter, Toll-gate line, 

west of Yonge street. 
Faucett, Robert, carpenter, Qsgoode st. 
Featherston & Townsend, daguerreo- 

typers, 51 King street east. 
Fell, Frederick, printer, Church street, 
north of Shuter. 



228 



LANDMARKS OF TORONTO. 



Fell, Wm., engraver, 47 Bay street. 
Felsted, John, carpenter, Park lane. 
Fenwick, John, gardener, King street, 

corner of Frederick. 
Fenwick, Kenneth, student of theology, 

18 George street. 

Ferguson, Edward, 35 Richmond st. w. 
Ferguson, John, engineer, 64 Queen st. 

west. 
Ferguson, Mrs., widow, 72 Richmond 

street east. 
Ferrah, John, confectioner, Duchess st., 

east of Caroline. 

Ferrett, Henry, carpenter, 49 Elizabeth. 
Fielding, John, labourer, Palace st. 
Filgiano, Catharine, widow, 21 Duke st. 
Finch, John, labourer, Louisa street. 
Finch, Michael, carpenter, 82 Richmond 

street east. 

Finch, Thos., labourer, near Dummer st. 
Finch, Wm., carpenter, Centre street. 
Fingleton, James, labourer, Francis st. 
Finn, George, labourer, 173 King st. E. 
Finn, Martin, labourer, Queen st., near 

George. 

Finney, John, shoemaker, near St. Pat 
rick s market. 

Fish, Moses, carpenter, 11 Francis st. 
Fisher, David, labourer, 19 Victoria st. 
Fisher, John, bricklayer, Toll-gate line, 

east of Yonge street. 
Fisher, Walter, sailor, Adelaide street, 

west of Brock. 
Fisken, John (of Ross, Mitchell & Co.), 

residence 39 Bay street. 
Fitch, James C., salesman, with Ogilvie 

& Co., 6 King street west. 
Fitzglbbon, Charles, registrar Court of 

Probate, York street, corner* King. 
Fitzpatrick, James, labourer, 12 Fran 
cis street. 

Fitzpatrick, James, labourer, 59 March. 
Fitzpatrick, Mark, labourer, Queen st. 

west, College avenue. 
Fitzsimmons, Thos., carter, Maple lane, 

near Queen street west. 
Flaherty, Francis, carpenter, near St. 

Patrick s market. 
Flannery, Thos., pedlar, Duchess st., 

neax Nelson. 
Flannery, Win., labourer, Boulton st., 

near York. 

FlannJgan, John, carpenter, Dummer st. 
Flannigan, John, gardener, Adelaide st., 

corner of Portland. 

Flannigan, Wm., labourer, 58 March st. 
Flavin, Daniel, lalxmrer, Sayer street. 
Flay, Absalom, carpenter, Spadina ave. 
Fleming, Andrew, city constable, Rich 
mond street, near Peter. 
Fleming, James, gardener and florist, 

Yonge street, north of Edward. 
Fleming, Martin, labourer, Richmond 

street, west of John. 
Fleming, Richard, tailor, 205 Queen st. 

west. 



Fletcher, Alex., carpenter, Elizabeth st., 

corner of Albert. 

Flinn, James, carpenter, 51 Elizabeth 
Fhnn, Michael, labourer, Adelaide st., 

near Simcoe. 

FJinn, Patrick, tailor, 46 Queen st. east. 
FJock, "VVjSi., shoe store, Yonge street, 

corner of Richmond. 
Flowery, Randolph (coloured), labourer, 

Adelaide street, near Bathurst. 
Fogarty, Patrick, tailor, 46 Queen st. E. 
Foley, Edward, keeper 1st Toll-gate, 

Queen street west. 

Foley, Thos., labourer, 1 James street. 
Foley, Wm., innkeeper, Pine, corner St. 

James (Park). 
Forbes, Alex., boarding-house, 35 Queen 

street west. 
Forbes, Duncan, stonecutter, 21 Queen 

street west. 

Forbes, George, labourer, River street. 

Forbes, James, labourer, foot Frederick. 

I Forbes, John, pattern maker, Teraulay 

street, corner of Agnes. 
Forbes, John, carpenter, 88 Victoria st. 
Forbes, Miles, labourer, Nelson street, 

north of Richmond. 
Forbes, Wm., carpenter, 10 James st. 
Ford, George, blacksmith and founder, 

Simcoe street, near Adelaide. 
Ford, James, labourer, Trinity street. 
Ford, John, labourer, 56 Nelson street. 
Ford, John H., tinsmith, 13 Duchess st. 
Forrester, Thomas, labourer, south of 

Queen street, near Bathurst. 
Fortye, Mrs., widow, John street, near 

Front. 
Foster, C., barrister (of Harrison & 

Foster), residence Spadina avenue. 
Foster, James, shoe store, 98 King st. E. 
Foster, Joseph, plasterer, Teraulay st., 

north of Albert. 

Foster, Richard, cutler, 111 King st. E. 
Foster, Thos., carter, 85 Duke street. 
Foster, Thos., grocer, 19 Queen st. w. 
Foster, Wm., 140 King street east. 
Foster, Mrs. Colonel, widow, Spadina. 
Fowler, George, carpenter, 25 Victoria. 
Fowler, Robert, carpenter, Yonge st., 

near Crookshank. 
Fowler, Mrs., bonnet-maker, Yonge st., 

near Crookshank. 
Fox, John, brickmaker, King st. east, 

near Don. 

Fox, Thos., brickmaker, River street. 
Fred. Cox, 20 King street east; W. H. 
Fox, Wm., White Hart Inn, King street 

east, near Don. 
Foy, Patrick (of Foy & Austin), 97 King 

street east. 

Foy & Austin, grocers, 97 King st. east. 
Francis, James, limeburner, King st., 

east of Berkeley. 
Franklin, Henry (coloured), labourer, 

Jordan street, 
i Freeman, Wm., painter, Agnes street, 



LANDMARKS OF TOR >NTO. 



229 



Fraser, John, carpenter, Teraulay st., 
near Edward. 

Fraser, John &, Sons, carpenters, 86 
Yonge street. 

Freeland, Peter (of Freeland & Taylor), 
Front street, near Yonge. 

Freeland &, Taylor, soap and candle- 
makers, foot of Yonge street. 

French, Richard, chairmaker, 52 King 
street west. 

Fry, George, maltster, Agnes street, 
corner of Sayer. 

Fullerton, John, brickmaker, Queen st. 
west, near Toll-bar. 

Fulton, Alex., grocer s clerk, 6 King 
street west. 

Fulton, John, grocer, 67 Yonge street. 

Furlong, John, carpenter, Sayer st., 
near Osgoode. 

Furlong, Mathew, labourer, 161 Queen 
street west. 

Furlong, Michael, tailor, 241 Queen st. 
west. 

Furlong, Patrick, boatman, 89 Rich 
mond street west. 

Fyfe, Rev. Robert A. (Baptist), Yonge 
street, near Edward. 

Gaddes, H., blacksmith, Boulton street, 
west of York. 

Galbraith, James, labourer, Lake shore, 
near Berkeley street. 

Gale, Benjamin, 53 Richmond st. west. 

Gale, John, shoemaker, 15 Richmond st. 
west. 

Gale, Wm., labourer, 3 Colborne street. 

Gallagher, Alex., bricklayer, 42 Vic 
toria street. 

Gallagher, Andrew, carpenter, Dummvr. 

Gallagher, Denis, labourer, Don street. 

Gallan, John, blacksmith, 5 Queen st. E. 

Galloway, Thos., mason, Spadina ave. 

Gait, Thos., barrister, 65 King st. east, 
residence Church st., cor. of Queen. 

Gamble, Clarke, barrister, (of Gamble 
& Boulton), 19 Church street; resi 
dence near John, north of Queen. 

Gamble & Boulton, barristers, 19 Church 
street, near King. 

Gannon, Michael, printer, 31 Adelaide 
street east. 

Ganton, Mrs., boarding-house, 16 Well 
ington street west. 

Garbutt, C. C., tobacconist, 68 Yonge st. 

Gardner, Mrs., widow, corner 6l! Front 
and Church streets. 

Garfield, John, Mansion House Hotel, 
21 Adelaide street east. 

Garlic, Thos., city inspector, Park lane, 
near College avenue. 

Garside, Samuel, innkeeper, 34 Adelaide 
street east, corner of Toronto. 

Garvin, James, confectioner, 26 Vic 
toria street. 

Gaskill, John, painter, 85 Richmond st. 
west. 

Geddes, Adam, tailor, 133 Yonge st. 



Geake, Edward, stonecutter, 97 Queen 

street west. 
Geikie, John, student of theology, 18 

George street. 

George, Dinah, bonnet maker, 7 Rich 
mond street west. 
Gerow, Wm., labourer, King st. east, 

near Sumach. 
Gibb, Charles, engineer, 70 Richmond 

street east. 

Gibbs, Robert, cook (coloured), Centre. 
Gibney, Thos., carter, 32 March street. 
Gibson, Jarad, labourer, 89 Adelaide st. 

east, in rear. 

Gibson, Jeremiah, saddler, Shepard st. 
Gibson, John, bricklayer, Albert st. 
Gibson, John, labourer, 17 Queen st. w. 
Gibson, Thos., pork dealer, Yonge st., 

near Edward. 

Gibson, Wm., labourer, 10 March st. 
Gibson, Wm., Markman s Inn, 39 Queen 

street, near Bay. 
Gilbert, Elisha B., cabinet maker, 61 

Bay street, corner of Adelaide. 
Gilbert, Thos., cattle dealer, Ontario st., 

north of Duchess. 
Gilding, John, plasterer, McGill street, 

east of Yonge. 
Gilkison, D., bursar s office L^niversity, 

Front street, west of Scott. 
Gilkison, Mrs., organist, St. James 

cathedral, Front street, west of Scott. 
Giliespie, John, artist, Richmond street, 

west of John. 
Giliespie, Malcoim, dry goods, 102 King 

street east. 

Gillson, Joseph, tailor, 79 Victoria st. 
Gilmor, Isaac C. (of Gilnior & Coulson), 

Toll-gate line, east of Yonge. 
Gilmor & Coulson, wholesale dry goods, 

16 and 18 Yonge street. 
Givan, George & Co., grocers, 89 King 

street east. 
Gladish, Wm., bricklayer. Toll-gate line, 

east of Yonge street. 
Glassco, Thos., sr., shoemaker, Yonge 

street, opposite Edward. 
Glassco, Thos., jr., hatter, 13 King st. E. 
Glassford, John, carter, 32 Elizabeth. 
Gleavcs, Wm., messenger, engineer of 
fice, Front street, near Peter. 
Gleezie, George, cabinet maker, 4 Ade 
laide street east. 

Glinn, John, labourer, Dummer street. 
Glover, John, stonecutter, Albert st. 
Goff, Thomas, painter, Centre street. 
Goldsmith, Edward, 1st clerk B. U. C.. 

189 King street east. 
Goldsmith, Henry, East York road of 
fice, 190 King street east. 
Good, James, iron tounder, Yonge st., 

near Queen; residence Bond street. 
Goodale, John, engineer, Melinda st., 

near Bay. 
Goodall, John, gardener. Toll-gate line, 

west of Yonge. 



230 



LANDMARKS OF TORONTO. 



Golding, James, sailor, Spadina avenue. 

Gooderham, James, painter, 45 Ade 
laide street west. 

Gooderham, Wm., steam mills, foot of 
Trinity street. 

Goodwill, Felix, King street east, near 
Sumach street. 

Goodwin, James, sailor, near Trinity. 

Goodwin, James, labourer, Spadina ave. 

Goodwin, Joseph, South Park. 

Gordon, George, sailor, 27 Duchess st. 

Gordon, James, engineer, 32 Duchess st. 

Gordon, W. (captain steamer Admiral), 
47 Richmond street east. 

Gordon, Mrs., widow, near Trinity st. 

Gorham, Ambrose, barrister, 2 Kingst. 
west. 

Gorley, John, labourer, 71 Adelaide st. 
west, in rear. 

Gorman, David, labourer, near Trinity. 

Gorman, James, labourer, Robert st., 
Spadina avenue. 

Gorman, Michael, labourer, Scott st. 

Gorman, Elizabeth, widow, near Trin 
ity street. 

Gothard, Thomas, tailor, 69 King st. E. 

Gott, Hugh, shoemaker, 6 Duchess st. 

Gould, O. A., innkeeper, 35 Front st. 

Graham, Archibald, labourer, 176 Queen 
street west. 

Graham, George, carpenter, Sayer st. 

Graham, George, custom house clerk, 
24 Duke street. 

Graham, George, tailor, Teraulay st. 

Graham, James, tailor, 46 Queen st. E. 

Graham, James, Princess Royal Inn, 
33 March street. 

Graham, John , labourer, Elizabeth st. 

Graham, John, tailor, 175 King st. E. 

Graham, John, auctioneer, 42 George st. 

Graham, Patrick, boarding-house, Scott 
street, corner of Wellington. 

Graham, Thos., carpenter, 67 Victoria. 

Graham, Wm., labourer, Dummer st. 

Grainger, George, gardener, Yonge st., 
near 1st Toll-gate. 

Grainger, John, labourer, Edward st. 

Grant, Alex., barrister, 61 Yonge st., 
residence Church, corner Shuter. 

Grant, Jane, widow, Teraulay street. 

Grantham, John, livery stables, Well 
ington street, near Church. 

Grasett, G. R., M.D., Francis st., corner 
of Adelaide. 

Grasett, Rev. H. J. (Episcopal), 48 Ade 
laide street. 

Grave, Wm., shoemaker, 145 Yonge st. 

Gray, Joseph, bookkeeper with B. 
Thorne & Co., 37 Front street. 

Gray, Richard, axe maker, Elizabeth st. 

Gray, Richard, provision shop, 52 York. 

Gray, Thomas, labourer, John street. 

Gray, Mrs. and Miss, dressmakers, 43 
Queen street west. 

Green, Rev. Auson, Guardian office. 57 
King street ea^t. 



Green, Samuel T., gunmaker, 52 Yonge. 

Greenan, Hugh, carter, 37 Nelson st. 

Greene, George (coloured), labourer, 

Sayer street. 

I Green, John, labourer, 98 Bay street. 
| Gregg, Andrew, carpenter, John st., 
north of Adelaide. 

Gregory, Richard, bricklayer, 50 March. 

Grier, John, blacksmith, 5 Teraulay st. 

Griffith, Thos., shoemaker, 119 King E. 

Griffith, Wm., shoemaker, 82 Richmond 
street east, in rear. 

Griffith, Wm., Bush Inn, Elizabeth st. 

Griffiths, John, patent saddle manu 
facturer, 66 King street west. 

Grimwood, G. W., sausage maker, 100 
Victoria street. 

Grimwood, Wm., livery stable keeper, 
20 Front street. 

Grimwood, Mrs., widow, near St. Pat 
rick s market. 

Grindley, T., latter carrier, near Scott 
street, north of Wellington. 

Groves, John, messenger, Canada Com 
pany, Frederick street. 

Grubb, Wm., carpenter, Sumach st. 

Gunn, Alex., 16 Wellington st. east. 

Gurnett, George, Clerk of the Peace, 
residence 191 King street east. 

Gwatkin, R. C., grocer, 89 King east. 

Gwynne, Hugh, William street. 

Gwynne, James W., law student, Wil 
liam street. 

Gwynne, John, barrister, William st. 

Gwynne, W. C., M.D., prof, of Anatomy, 
King s College University, residence 
York street, near Front. 
i Gzowski, Casimir, civil engineer, 73 
Duke street. 

Hagarty, John, barrister, 63 King st., 
corner of Church st.; residence 12 
William street. 

Hagerman, Hon. Chris. A., judge of the 
Queen s Bench, Simcoe street, corner 
of Wellington. 

Haigh, John (of H. & D.), residence 25 
Wellington street west. 

Haigh, Wm., tin and japanned ware, 27 
King street west. 

Haigh & Drummond, cabinet makers, 
39 King street west. 

Hale, George, cabinet maker, 9 Queen 
street west. 

Half